PAKISTAN 2009


July 2009

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on July 25, 2009.


General Information


Internet Resources

Asia Intelligence
Available online at:  http://www.asiaint.com/
Offers Pakistan country reports with sections on politics, current weekly reports and statistical comparisons with other countries in the region covering defense, armed forces, GDP, and area, etc.  Section on "AsiaInt South Asia Review" has in-depth reports on Pakistan and the South Asia Region.  Restricted database for AU students only.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.  South Asia
Available online at:  http://www.carnegieendowment.org/programs/global/index.cfm?fa=proj&id=106&proj=zsa
Resources include articles, interviews, and publications discussing Pakistan's foreign policy, military, national politics, economics, and social challenges.

Center for Strategic and International Studies.  Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.csis.org/region/pakistan
Site offers programs, publications and analysis by experts on Pakistan.

CIA-World Factbook
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html
Provides a concise description on Pakistan's geography, economy, communication, military, government, and foreign relations.

Council on Foreign Relations:  Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/region/publication_list.html?id=283
Daily analysis, podcasts, Congressional testimony, documents, and articles on Pakistan's political, economic issues, society and culture, terrorism, and nuclear proliferation.

Economist.com - Country Briefings:  Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.economist.com/countries/pakistan/
Country profile and recent articles concerning Pakistan from The Economist print edition.

Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Washington DC
Available online at:  http://www.embassyofpakistanusa.org/
Offers basic country information on Pakistan's economy and budget, tourism, arts and culture, trade, and government.

Government of Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.pakistan.gov.pk/
Official website for the government of Pakistan with access to Ministries and Divisions including Defence, Economic Affairs & Statistics, Foreign Affairs, Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas, and Science and Technology.

Government of Pakistan.  Statistics Division
Available online at:  http://www.statpak.gov.pk/
Three departments:  Federal Bureau of Statistics with demographics, social, and foreign trade statistics, etc; Population Census Organization; and Agriculture Census Organization which includes land utilization and livestock among other statistical data.

Henry L. Stimson Center.  South Asia Program
Available online at:  http://www.stimson.org/southasia/programhome.cfm
Site offers analysis and commentaries, current research, books and reports, and current news covering South Asia including Pakistan.  Search site for "Pakistan" will result in numerous resources covering Pakistan.

Library of Congress.  Federal Research Division.  Country Studies.  Pakistan
Available online at:  http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/pktoc.html
Country profile containing history, economy, social structure, government and politics, foreign policy, national security etc.

Military Policy Awareness Link:  Pakistan.  Washington, National Defense University, Military Education Research Library Network (MERLN), 2008.
Available online at:  http://merln.ndu.edu/index.cfm?secID=137&pageID=3&type=section#added
Includes online resources concerning Pakistan from governmental and non-governmental sources, including think tanks and scholarly journals. Information includes U.S. policy, Kashmir Crisis, Nuclear Arms Race, Politics & Government, War on Terrorism and News.  Some sources may be available only through commercial databases; these are clearly identified.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs:  Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.mofa.gov.pk/index.htm
Contains basic country information and current news, sections on Kashmir, economy, and the Ministry's Foreign Office Yearbook.

Ministry of Information &†Broadcasting.  Information Gateway to Pakistan - Infopak
Available online at:  http://www.infopak.gov.pk/default.aspx
Pakistan country information, news, constitution, government, speeches, economy, photos, maps, etc.

NationMaster.  Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.nationmaster.com/country/pk-pakistan
Site offers general facts, figures, and statistics on Pakistan including areas such as economy, military, terrorism, and government.

The News International
Available online at:  http://thenews.jang.com.pk/default.asp
Pakistani online daily newspaper.

Pakistan Link
Available online at:  http://www.pakistanlink.com/index.htm
Current and weekly news in English and Urdu.

Portals of the World:  Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/rr/international/asian/pakistan/pakistan.html
Contains resources by Library of Congress subject experts including business, commerce, economy, culture, education, media, and religion, etc.

South Asia Terrorism Portal.  Institute for Conflict Management.  Pakistan Assessment 2009
Available online at:  http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/pakistan/index.htm
Statistics on terrorism related fatalities and levels of violence. Discusses violence and insurrection in North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and Balochistan among other areas.

The Heritage Foundation.  Asia and the Pacific:  South & Southeast Asia
Available online at:  http://www.heritage.org/Research/AsiaandthePacific/southeast-asia.cfm
Offers reports covering Southeast Asia including Pakistan. Site search for "Pakistan" gives results covering Pakistan's government, terrorism, and foreign relations.  Includes U.S. relations and discussion of Pakistan's defense and security challenges.

The World Bank.  Pakistan:  Data, Projects & Research
Available online at:  http://www.worldbank.org.pk/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/PAKISTANEXTN/0,,menuPK:293057~pagePK:141159~piPK:141110~theSitePK:293052,00.html
Offers news and events, data, statistics on development indicators, economic ratios, and poverty, business, and education.  Publications and reports cover topics such as environment, poverty, business, economics, labor, trade, productivity and growth etc.

United States Department of State:  Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs.  Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/sca/ci/pk/
Includes background notes, country information, economics, government, foreign relations, and official releases.


Books

Countries of the World and Their Leaders Yearbook 2009.  Detroit, MI, Thomson Gale, 2008.  2 vols.
Pakistan, pp 1561-1578.
Book call no.:  R 910 C855 2009 v.2

Forecast International/DMS.  International Military Markets.  Asia, Australia & Pacific Rim.  Newtown, CT, Forecast International/DMS, 2008.  1 vol.
Pakistan section includes information on government, economic synopsis, national budget, military budget, arms control, military posture, force structure, etc.
Book call no.:  R 338.476234 F714

Global Studies:  India and South Asia, by James H. K. Norton.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/CLS, 2010.  147 p.
General statistics and the Pakistan Country Report covering government, military, and political issues also cultural, economic, and historical information, pp 70-76.  See also articles:  Pakistan Democracy:  An Interview with Husain Haqqani, p 124-127; Pakistan's New Generation of Terrorists, p. 128-130; and Pakistan Reborn? pp 131-133.
Book call no.:  R 954 G562 9th ed. 2010

International Institute for Strategic Studies.  Strategic Survey 2008.  London, Routledge, 2008.  400 p.
Pakistan, pp 291-296; includes domestic politics; extremism and terrorism; and Balochistan insurgency.  See index for other references to Pakistan.
Book call no.:  R 327 L8471s 2008

Jane's Information Group.  Jane's Sentinel:  Country Risk Assessments.  South Asia.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2009.  642 p.
Offers basic country information as well as detailed information on internal and external affairs, defense budget, armed forces policy and structure, non-state armed groups and security issues, see Pakistan, pp 471-567.
Book call no.:  R 954 J33 iss. 20 2009

The Middle East and South Asia, by Malcolm B. Russell.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2008.  272 p.
Offers general information including geography, history, economics, culture, politics, and military information about Pakistan, pp 240-249.
Book call no.:  R 915 C635m 41st ed. 2008

Mohiuddin, Yasmeen Niaz.  Pakistan:  A Global Studies Handbook.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC Clio, 2007.  382 p.  (Global Studies.  Asia)
Covers Pakistan geography, history, economy, political development since 1947, institutions, and culture.
Book call no.:  954.91 M697p

Political Risk Yearbook.  East Syracuse, NY, PRS Group, 2004.  1 Vol.
Pakistan section contains information about country forecast, investment and trade conditions along with short section covering history, social and political conditions, government and foreign relations.  For more current information from the Political Risk database. Restricted to use at MSFRIC only.
Also available online at:  http://www.prsgroup.com/ip.aspx
Book call no.:  R 958.043 P769 2004

South Asia 2009.  New York, Routledge, 2009.  748 p.  (Europa Regional Surveys of the World).
Detailed survey on Pakistan covering geography, history, economy, government, statistics, and a directory which includes government and political organizations, newspapers, journals, news agencies, broadcasting and communications, finance, and trade and industry, pp 462-531.
Book call no.:  R 954.053 S726 6th ed. 2009


Culture and Customs


Internet Resource

Carnegie Council.  Resources on Islamic Education (2007)
Available online at:  http://www.cceia.org/education/004/bibliographies/0001.html
Reports, articles, and papers containing facts, views, and challenges pertaining to Islamic education including Pakistan's madrassa education system.


Internet Resources - Student Research

Bell, Paul M.  Pakistan's Madrassas--Weapons of Mass Instruction?  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2007.  (Thesis, M. A.)
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA467143
Author analyzes Pakistan's madrassas from a historical perspective to better understand this educational system and gives recommendations for both the United States and Pakistan.

Ray, Rebecca S.  Pakistan Education Systems and the Radical Islamic Jihadist Ideology.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, 2006.  (Thesis, M. A.).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA464137
Addresses the question of whether or not Pakistanís education system, madrassas significantly affects the spread of the jihadist ideology.


Books

Burke, Jason.  On the Road to Kandahar.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 2006.  297 p.
Author's interviews and experiences give insight to living in the villages and cities including those in Pakistan where the War on Terrorism, Islamists' violent acts of anti-Western, and anti-modern Jihad are being fought.
Book call no.:  909.09767 B959o

CultureGrams.  World Edition 2009.  Provo, Utah, ProQuest LLC and Brigham Young University, 2008.  2 vols.
Volume 2:  Islamic Republic of Pakistan, pp 549-552.
Book call no.:  R 910 C968 2009

Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion, edited by Robert Wuthnow.  Washington, CQ Press, 2007.  2 vols.
Pakistan, vol. 2, pp 685-689.
Book call no.:  322.103 E56

Fair, C. Christine.  The Madrassah Challenge:  Militancy and Religious Education in Pakistan.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2008.  145 p.
Provides information on the possible role the madrassah or religious schools play in threatening international security and itís role in Pakistanís educational system.
Book call no.:  297.77095491 F163m

Haroon, Sana.  Frontier of Faith:  Islam in the Indo-Afghan Borderland.  New York, Columbia University Press, 2007.  254 p.
History of Islam especially that of the local mullahs in the North-West Frontier Tribal Areas which is now the boundary of Pakistan-Afghanistan.  Examines the religious organization and mobilization in this area giving understanding to the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderlands today.
Book call no.:  954.912035 H292f


Document - Student Research

Billquist, Daniel L. and Colbert, Jason M.  Pakistan, Madrassas, and Militancy.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2006  (Thesis, M. A.)
Author examines madrassas and argues that the best way to combat religious militancy is by creating better alternatives to madrassas education.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA460444
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B5991p


Periodicals

Asal, Victor and others.  Consenting to a Child's Decision to Join a Jihad:  Insights from a Survey of Militant Families in Pakistan.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 31:973-994 November 2008.
Examines the social, economic, and religious factors that lead to household members giving or refusing consent for other household members to become militant or mujihaid.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=35034891&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Chaudhry, Imran Sharif.  Gender Inequality in Education and Economic Growth:  Case Study of Pakistan.  Pakistan Horizon 60:81-91 October 2007.
Study finds that gender inequality in initial education levels and in the expansion of education significantly reduces economic growth.

Fair, C. Christine.  Who Are Pakistan's Militants and Their Families?  Terrorism and Political Violence 20:49-65 January-March 2008.
Results of survey of Pakistani families and household characteristics of slain militants most of whom served and died in Kashmir.

Malik, Mustafa.  Pakistan:  Terror War Bolsters Islamism, Nationhood.  Middle East Policy 15:111-124 Spring 2008.
Discussion of the sociopolitical Islamist surge in Pakistan.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1460382281&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Mustafa, Daanish and Qazi, Muhammad Usman.  Karez Versus Tubewell Irrigation:  The Comparative Social Acceptability and Practicality of Sustainable Groundwater Development in Balochistan, Pakistan.  Contemporary South Asia 16:171-195 June 2008.
Article explores how changes in water management techniques and technologies are influenced by and, in turn, impact social power relations at various scales.


Defense and Security


Internet Resources

Council on Foreign Relations:  Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/region/publication_list.html?id=283
Website offers an internal search engine.  Search "Pakistan security" to access thousands of reports such as "Realigning Pakistan's Security Forces" and "General McChrystal's New Way of War".  Site also provides daily analysis, podcasts, Congressional testimony, documents, and articles on Pakistan's political, economic issues, society and culture, terrorism, and nuclear proliferation.

FAS - Federation of American Scientists
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/index.html
Search for "Pakistan" will retrieve numerous documents and articles discussing Pakistan's nuclear weapons, missiles, military and defense, foreign relations, and government.

International Crisis Group.  Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=1267&l=1
Provides numerous reports, briefings and CrisisWatch database with information on Pakistan's defense, security and government.

Kerr, Paul K. and Nikitin, Mary Beth.  Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons:  Proliferation and Security Issues.  Washington, Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, June 12, 2009.  15 p.
Available online at:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/125954.pdf
The November 2007 version is also available in print in documents call number M-U 42953-1 no.07-RL34248.

Lavoy, Peter R.  Pakistan's Strategic Culture.  Fort Belvoir, VA, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, 2006.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://www.dtra.mil/documents/asco/publications/comparitive_strategic_cultures_curriculum/case%20studies/Pakistan%20(Lavoy)%20final%202%20Nov%2006.pdf
Discusses Pakistan's national security policy and insights into key features of Pakistan's current and future strategic conduct.


Books

Asian Defence Review 2007, edited by Jasjit Singh.  New Delhi, India, Knowledge World in association with Centre for Air Power Studies, 2007.  1 vol.
Defence Production in Pakistan, by Shalini Chawla, pp 33-64.  For the past two decades Pakistan has been expanding its indigenous defense industry by expanding production and exports.
Book call no.:  355.03305 A83217

Asian Defence Yearbook 2008.  Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Asian Defence Journal, 2008.  128 p.
Pakistan country and armed forces information, pp 88-89.
Book call no.:  R 355.03305 A8328 2008

Forecast International/DMS.  International Military Markets. Asia, Australia & Pacific Rim.  Newtown, CT, Forecast International/DMS, 2008.  1 vol.
Pakistan section includes military budget, arms control, military posture, force structure, etc.
Book call no.:  R 338.476234 F714

Frantz, Douglas and Collins, Catherine.  The Nuclear Jihadist:  The True Story of the Man Who Sold the World's Most Dangerous Secrets...and How We Could Have Stopped Him.  New York, Twelve, 2007.  413 p.
Story of Abdul Qadeer Khan the man who facilitated the spread of nuclear weapons to Pakistan, Iran, North Korea, and Libya and how the U.S. knowingly "allowed" this to happen.  Especially note, The Pakistani Pipeline, pp 40-48.  See index for other references to Pakistan.
Book call no.:  623.45119092 F836n

International Institute for Strategic Studies.  Strategic Survey 2008.  London, Routledge, 2008.  400 p.
Pakistan, pp 291-296; includes domestic politics; extremism and terrorism; and Balochistan insurgency.  See index for other references to Pakistan.
Book call no.:  R 327 L8471s 2008

Jane's Information Group.  Jane's Sentinel:  Country Risk Assessments. South Asia.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2009.  642 p.
Offers basic country information as well as detailed information on internal and external affairs, defense budget, armed forces policy and structure, non-state armed groups and security issues.  See Pakistan, pp 471-567.
Book call no.:  R 954 J33 iss. 20 2009

Johnson, Rob.  Oil, Islam and Conflict:  Central Asia since 1945.  London, Reaktion Books, 2007.  272 p.
Book offers perspectives and analysis concerning issues from terrorism to energy security, jihadist groups to political and economic rivalry within this region of growing concern including Pakistan.  See index for references to Pakistan.
Book call no.:  958.042 J68o

Langewiesche, William.  The Atomic Bazaar:  The Rise of the Nuclear Poor.  New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007.  179 p.
The Wrath of Khan, pp 70-126.  Discusses the history of Abdul Qadeer Khan, who lead nuclear development and trade in the Middle East and helped build Pakistan's nuclear arsenal.
Book call no.:  355.0217095 L277a

Military Balance 2009.  London, Oxford University Press for International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2009.  488 p.
Provides information and statistics on Pakistan military organization, equipment, and capabilities, pp 353-355.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2009

South Asian Cultures of the Bomb:  Atomic Publics and the State in India and Pakistan, edited by Itty Abraham.  Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2009.  222 p.
Essays contemplating the political and ideological components of national drives to posses and test nuclear weapons.
Book call no.:  355.02170954 S7261

Ungoverned Territories:  Understanding and Reducing Terrorism Risks, edited by Angel Rabasa and others.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2007.  364 p.
Case Study:  The Pakistani-Afghan Border Region, by Peter Chalk, pp 49-76.
Book call no.:  363.32517 U57


Document (Student Research)

Carlson, Mark A.  The Pakistan Safe Haven:  Feeding the Fight in Afghanistan.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2008.  37 p.
Examines the Pakistan safe haven permitting terrorists to gain momentum in a battle once thought won by NATO; countering the ideology and securing the border could be the best way to cripple the terrorists and change the tide of the war.
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/RIMS/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=researchproject&objectid=ebb770f7-e07a-4586-9041-7179c094d8b9
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 C2842p


Periodicals

Acharya, Arabinda and others.  Making Money in the Mayhem:  Funding Taliban Insurrection in the Tribal Areas of Pakistan.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 32:95-108 February 2009.
Discusses groups such as Al Qaeda exploiting the prevailing lawlessness in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) for sanctuary, and a base for their logistical, training, and operational purposes while the local Taliban benefits financially.

Air Chief Marshal Tanvir Mahmud Ahmed, Chief of the Air Staff, Pakistan Air Force.  Asian Defence Journal, pp 26-28, October 2007.
Interview with Pakistan's Air Chief Marshal, discussing the Pakistan Air Force, its roles and missions, modernization, operational readiness and challenges for the future.

Akhtar, Nasreen.  Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the Taliban.  International Journal on World Peace 25:49-73 December 2008.
Discusses the history of the Taliban centered on the border of Pakistan and Afghanistan, Pakistan's support of the Taliban discontinued with the decision to support the U.S. policy of war on terror.  Examines the belief that Pakistan may again favor the Pashtuns governing Afghanistan should the U.S. withdrawal it's forces.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=36375538&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Aslam, Rabia.  Rethinking "Wana":  A Game Theoretic Analysis of the Conflict in the Tribal Region of Pakistan.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 31:665-683 August 2008.
Analyzes the conflict between the government of Pakistan and the tribal population groups residing in the tribal belt along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border.  Problems the Pakistan government faces while supporting the United States and it's allies in their mission against al-Qaeda and Taliban forces.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=33372277&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bedi, Rahul.  South Asia Faces Uncertain Times.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:21 January 23, 2008.
Briefly discusses Pakistan politics, security, military, growing concerns with terrorist groups and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas.

Bermudez, Joseph S. Jr.  Pakistan Carries Out Successful Ghauri Launch.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:18 February 13, 2008.
Training launch of Pakistan's ballistic missile called Ghauri.

Bokhari, Farhan.  Air Chief Marshal Tanvir Mahmood Ahmed, Chief of the Pakistan Air Force (Interview).  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:50 December 10, 2008.
Air Chief Marshal Ahmed discusses the increasing demand for operations along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border requiring more air power elements along with land-based strategies.

Bokhari, Farhan.  Insurgent Kills Six During Attack on Pakistan's Naval War College.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:17 March 12, 2008.

Bokhari, Farhan.  Pakistan Plans to Cut Troops from Tribal Areas.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:16 June 4, 2008.
Pakistan's government plans to reduce troop numbers along the Afghan border claiming victory over the Taliban and local support for plans of new peace agreement.

Bokhari, Farhan.  Pakistan's Naval Chief Warns of a Nuclear Arms Race.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:6 March 5, 2008.
Admiral Mohammad Afzal Tahir warns of escalated nuclear arms race in South Asia after India's test firing of nuclear-capable submarine-launched missile.

Bokhari, Farhan.  Pakistan's Weapons Are Secure, Declares Mullen.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:16 February 20, 2008.
Joint Chief of Staff Admiral Mike Mullen acknowledges Pakistan's nuclear weapons are protected by adequate safeguards.

Bokhari, Farhan.  Pakistani General Assassinated.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:15 March 5, 2008.
Lieutenant General Mushtaq Ahmed Baig, Pakistan's military surgeon general assassinated in a suicide attack.

Bokhari, Farhan.  Rearming Pakistan:  Country Briefing Pakistan Part Two.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:30-32 November 19, 2007.
Discusses Pakistan-U.S. military relations, military equipment, weapons, and expansion in order to effectively combat insurgency.

Bokhari, Farhan.  Taliban Attack Highlights Vulnerability of Pakistani Troops.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:16 January 23, 2008.
Short article about the Taliban attack on the Saraogha Fort along the Afghanistan border.

Brookes, Peter.  Peril in Pakistan:  Mountainous Border with Afghanistan Provides Haven for the Taliban.  Armed Forces Journal 144:12-14 June 2007.

Chellaney, Brahma.  AFPAK Realities.  New Perspectives Quarterly 26:19-21 Spring 2009.
Click "2" on left of screen for AFPAK Realities.  Discusses the political border between Afghanistan and Pakistan or the so-called Durand Line as an artificial British-colonial invention.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=38219044&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Coniglio, Sergio.  Pakistan Air Force Launches Modernisation Programmes.  Military Technology 30, no. 7:109-112 2007.
Discusses Pakistan's need to modernize its Air Force considering its long and continuing conflict with India.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1089235881&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Fiorenza, Nicholas.  General Ehsan Ul Haq, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee of Pakistan (Interview).  Jane's Defence Weekly 44:34 January 24, 2007.
General Haq discusses Pakistan relations with NATO, the military, and nuclear strategy.

Gregory, Shaun.  Nuclear Command and Control in Pakistan.  Defense & Security Analysis 23:315-330 September 2007.
Author assesses the risks of and the need to understand arrangements Pakistan has made for the safety, security, and command and control of its nuclear weapons.  Drawing from past patterns offers a possible guide to the future conduct of Pakistan regarding its nuclear weapons.

Grevatt, Jon.  Pakistan Aims to Strengthen Its Shipbuilding Capabilities.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:15 January 30, 2008.

Gunaratna, Rohan and Nielsen, Anders.  Al Qaeda in the Tribal Areas of Pakistan and Beyond.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 31:775-807 September 2008.
Discusses the Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA) in Pakistan emerging as the premier hunting groud for the Al Qaeda leadership and the evolution of Al Qaeda and its associated groups since their relocation to FATA.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=34130063&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hirsi Ali, Ayaan.  Shari'a in Swat:  A Dangerous Surrender to Islamists.  New Perspectives Quarterly 26:22-24 Spring 2009.
Interview with Ayaan Hirsi Ali, former Dutch parliamentarian discussing a new deal between the Pakistan government and the insurgents in the Swat Valley on the border with Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=38219043&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hodge, Nathan and Bokhari, Farhan.  Pakistan Axes Plan for Additional F-16s.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:17 April 30, 2008.

Is Pakistan Failing the FATA?  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 10-11, January 2009.
Discusses recent years and ongoing issues of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan.

Koch, Andrew and Rayhack, Kristin.  Political Fallout:  The Threat to Pakistan's Nuclear Stability.  Jane's Intelligence Review 20:48-50 January 2008.
Examines concerns of safety and security of Pakistan's nuclear arsenal.

Krepon, Michael.  Looking Back:  The 1998 Indian and Pakistani Nuclear Tests.  Arms Control Today 38:51-55 May 2008.
Ten years later, India and Pakistan still can't agree on constructive initiatives relating to nuclear negotiations.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1497350741&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Krepon, Michael and Stolar, Alex.  Outlook for Regional Security in South Asia.  Pakistan Horizon 60:73-82 July 2007.
Essay examines five dominant trends that are likely to shape South Asia's security environment over the next decade, including Pakistan-India relations and the Kashmir dispute.

Mahmud, M. Ghazemy.  Admiral Muhammad Afzal Tahir, Chief of the Naval Staff, Pakistan Navy (Interview).  Asian Defence Journal, pp 8-11, July-August 2007.
Admiral Tahir discusses the role of the Pakistan Navy in national defense, operations, relations with India and China, naval equipment, and naval training.

Mills, Elizabeth.  Under a Cloud:  Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, Former Pakistani Nuclear Scientist.  Jane's Intelligence Review 20:56-57 October 2008.
Interview with Dr. Khan on his value as a source of intelligence on Pakistan's nuclear program and his prior statement of his role in illegal nuclear trading.

Moss, Trefor.  ISAF Leader 'Troubled' by Pakistan Talks.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:16 May 28, 2008.
General Dan McNeill commander of NATO's ISAF in Afghanistan discusses a rise in violence on the Pakistani side of the border when peace talks begin.

Moss, Trefor.  Pakistan in Peril:  Country Briefing Pakistan Part One.  Jane's Defence Weekly 452:24-31 November 12, 2008.
Examines Pakistan's government, national security, military, border regions with Afghanistan, the Taliban, Al-Qaeda, and economics.

Moss, Trefor.  Pakistan - Taliban Peace Talks 'Will Not Damage Afghanistan'.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:19 June 4, 2008.
News that chief minister of Pakistan's North West Frontier Province, Amir Haider Khan Hoti dismisses NATO fears that peace agreements between Pakistani government and the Taliban will have damaging consequences for Afghanistan.

Mustafa, Malik Qasim.  Pakistan's Military Security and Conventional Balance of Power.  Strategic Studies 28, no. 4 & 29, no. 1 (combined):35-44 Winter 2008 & Spring 2009.

Naylor, Sean D.  Marine Officer:  Pakistan Troops Helped Taliban-He Cites Re-supply Missions, Fire Support, Training-in Afghanistan.  Army Times 69:14+ September 29, 2008.
Marine Lt. Col. who commanded an embedded training team in eastern Afghanistan cites from multiple U.S. and Afghan intelligence reports that Pakistani military forces flew resupply missions for the Taliban into Afghanistan.

Pashtun Rising.  Jane's Terrorism & Security Monitor, pp 9-11, January 2008.
Pashtun tribal areas on both sides of the Afghanistan-Pakistan border have become a hub for resurgent Taliban, Al-Qaeda, and their allies.

POF for Defence.  Military Technology 32, no. 7:128-129 2008.
Overview of Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POF) Pakistan's largest defence industrial complex in Wah Cantt.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=33937950&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rasool, Kamran.  Pakistan's Perspective on the "War on Terror".  Military Technology 30, no.11:12-17 2008.
Discusses Pakistan's goals for Afghanistan, border territories, and the war on terror.

Schmidt, John R.  The Unraveling of Pakistan.  Survival 51:29-54 June-July 2009.
Discusses the Pakistani Army's lack of will against the Islamic threat and how the feudal elites who govern Pakistan are poorly equipped to resist the growing threat from radical Islamic forces.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=39982411&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Staniland, Paul.  Explaining Civil-Military Relations in Complex Political Environments:  India and Pakistan in Comparative Perspectives.  Security Studies 17:322-362 April-June 2008.
Compares Pakistani and Indian civil military relations; case studies reveal how structures of domestic politics interact with military threat perceptions.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=32744091&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Tahir, Muhammad Afzal.  Pakistan Navy:  Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral Muhammad Afzal Tahir.  Jane's Defence Weekly 44:41 May 2, 2007.
Admiral Tahir discusses the Pakistan Navy's strategic goals and maritime operations.

Tribal Tribulations:  The Pakistani Taliban in Waziristan.  Jane's Intelligence Review 21:8-13 February 2009.
Discusses the Pakistani Taliban's influence in the North West Frontier Province, it's role in cross-border attacks in Afghanistan; though the Taliban presence has spread, tribal rivalries may prevent the development of a unified Pakistani Taliban movement.

World Defence Almanac.  Pakistan.  Military Technology 32:379-382 2008.
Up to date information on Pakistan's force structure, organization, and inventories.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32015411&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

World Defence Almanac.  Pakistan.  Military Technology 33:379-383 2009.
Up to date information on Pakistan's force structure, organization, and inventories. 2008 edition available online also.

Zaidi, Hasan.  Taking on the Taliban:  Under Immense Pressure from the World and Within, Pakistan Bites the Bullet and Declares War on the Taliban.  Can Its Army Succeed?  India Today International 2:36-40 May 25, 2009.
Discusses Pakistan's offensive to go after Taliban fighters in the Swat, Buner, and Dir districts.


Foreign Relations

General Information | Afghanistan | India | United States


Foreign Relations, General Information

Internet Resources

Council on Foreign Relations:  Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/region/publication_list.html?id=283
Website offers an internal search engine.  Search "Pakistan foreign relations" to access thousands of reports.  Site also provides daily analysis, podcasts, Congressional testimony, documents, and articles on Pakistan's political, economic issues, society and culture, terrorism, and nuclear proliferation.

Kan, Shirley A.  China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles:  Policy Issues.  Washington, Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, May 26, 2009.
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RL31555.pdf
Offers sections on:  "Nuclear Technology Sales to Pakistan" and "Missile Technology Sales to Pakistan".


Document (Student Research)

Brennan, James F.  The China-India-Pakistan Water Crisis:  Prospects for Interstate Conflict.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2008.  59 p.  (Thesis (M.A. in Security Studies (Far East, Southeast Asia, Pacific))--Naval Postgraduate School, 2008.)
Examines the prospects of conflict caused by water scarcity in China, India, and Pakistan, water shortage alone is unlikely to cause regional conflict but the current water dilemma in Asia may increase the likelyhood for regional conflict.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA488648
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 B838c


Periodicals

Ahmad, Qazi Shakil.  Thoughts on the Symbiotic Relationship Between Pakistan and the Central Asian States.  Pakistan Horizon 60:39-45 April 2007.
Discusses mutual benefits of Central Asian states with Pakistan and Iran.

Anwar, Mumtaz.  Foreign Aid to Pakistan:  A Critical Evaluation.  Pakistan Horizon 60:51-69 January 2007.

Azeemi, Haris Raqeeb.  55 Years of Pakistan-China Relationship.  Pakistan Horizon 60:109-124 April 2007.
Pakistan-China relations continue to strengthen with time and changing regional and global economic, strategic and security paradigms including the emergence of India as a regional power.

Bhatty, Roy Sultan Khan.  Pakistan's Relations with the Central Asian Republics and the Impact of United States' Policies in Shaping Regional Dynamics.  Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 32:74-85 Fall 2008.

Bokhari, Farhan.  Pakistan and China Establish JF-17 Aircraft Marketing Body.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:13 April 16, 2008.

Bokhari, Farhan.  Pakistani Civilians Protest Against NATO Ops on Afghan Border.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:6 March 19, 2008.
Short headline article.

Brookes, Peter.  The Pakistan Problem:  Musharraf Is a Troublesome Ally.  Armed Forces Journal 145:10-12 January 2008.
Discusses Pakistan politics, nuclear arsenal, Taliban, Al-Qaida, and issues with India.

Fisher, Richard D.  Foreign Friends:  China Expands Relations with India and Pakistan.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:54-55 February 2007.
In December 2006 Chinese troops arrive in Pakistan for military counter-terrorism exercises in part for the increasing Sino-Pakistan defense diplomacy.

Ghori, Karamatullah K.  Sixty Years of Pakistan's Foreign Policy.  Pakistan Horizon 60:9-24 April 2007.
Analyzes Pakistan's foreign policy since its birth as a sovereign state.

Gregory, Shaun and Fair, C. Christine.  The Cohesion and Stability of Pakistan:  An Introduction to the Special Issue.  Contemporary South Asia 16:3-9 March 2008.
Pakistan's increasing importance in international security, discusses the role of external players and internal dynamics in Pakistan.

Hoffman, Bruce and Jones, Seth G.  Cellphones in the Hindu Kush.  The National Interest No. 96:42-51 July-August 2008.
Lawless border region between Afghanistan and Pakistan has become one of America's most acute foreign-policy challenges, stabilization of this area is essential to prevent a doomsday scenario.

Innocent, Malou.  A Model for Modern Insurgency.  Armed Forces Journal 146:30-33+ (6 p.) August 2008.
Discusses violence and terrorist activities in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of western Pakistan, effects on global terrorism and stabilization of Afghanistan including U.S. interests.

Jafar, Ghani.  Pakistan-Iran Relations:  The Security Scenario.  Strategic Studies 28, no. 4 & 29 no. 1 (combined):15-24 Winter 2008 & Spring 2009.

Kumar, Sumita.  The China-Pakistan Strategic Relationship:  Trade, Investment, Energy and Infrastructure.  Strategic Analysis 31:757-790 September 2007.

Owais, Muhammad.  Pakistan - Russia Relations:  Economic and Political Dimensions.  Pakistan Horizon 60:125-139 April 2007.
Discusses the political and economic relations of Pakistan-Russia, examining the policy objectives of each and constraints in strengthening their relationship.

Pakistan:  Anchor of Regional Stability?  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 1-3, January 2007.
Examines how the Pakistani national identity has been shaped.

Pant, Harsh V.  Pakistan and Iran's Dysfunctional Relationship/  Middle East Quarterly 16:43-50 Spring 2009.
Discusses the causes of rivalry and tensions between Pakistan and Iran who were once allies during the Cold War.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=37198487&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Syal, Huma Nawaz.  Pakistan and Malaysia:  Economic and Trade Relations.  Strategic Studies 27:37-58 Spring 2007.


Foreign Relations with Afghanistan

Books

Docherty, Paddy.  The Khyber Pass:  A History of Empire and Invasion.  London, Faber, 2007.  261 p.
Offers historical perspectives of this volatile region including the author's present day first hand accounts concerning cultural and military exchange; also discussion of issues such as the fight against Al Qaeda and the Taliban in Pakistan.  See Pakistan, pp 217-228.
Book call no.:  958 D637k

Rais, Rasul Bakhsh.  Recovering the Frontier State:  War, Ethnicity, and State in Afghanistan.  Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2008.  237 p.
Pakistan's Afghan policy, pp 70-77.  See index for other references to Pakistan.
Book call no.:  958.1047 R159r


Document (Student Research)

Seitz, Paul T.  The Future of the Afghan Insurgency.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2007.  22 p.
The Taliban aided to a large degree by the sanctuary provided by refuges in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas in Pakistan are staging a comeback.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA469624
Book call no.:  M-U 39080-537 S9791f


Periodicals

Ahmed, Zahid Shahab and Bhatnagar, Stuti.  Pakistan-Afghanistan Relations and the Indian Factor.  Pakistan Horizon 60:159-174 April 2007.
Discusses India's relationship with Afghanistan, its role in Afghan reconstruction and influences on Pakistan-Afghanistan relations.

Khan, Ijaz Ahmad.  Understanding Pakistan's Pro-Taliban Afghan Policy.  Pakistan Horizon 60:141-157 April 2007.
Analyzes how Pakistan's pro-Taliban Afghan policy has evolved since 9/11 and international suspicions about Pakistan's role in the global war against terrorism.

Kumar, Sumita.  Pakistan-Afghanistan Relations:  Stabilizing Politics Through Economics.  Strategic Analysis 32:223-243 March 2008.

Weinbaum, Marvin G. and Harder, Jonathan B.  Pakistan's Afghan Policies and Their Consequences.  Contemporary South Asia 16:25-38 March 2008.
Discusses the consequences of Afghan policies for Pakistan's national identity and social cohesion.


Foreign Relations with India

Internet Resource

Wirsing, Robert G. and Jasparro, Christopher.  Spotlight on Indus River Diplomacy:  India, Pakistan, and the Baglihar Dam Dispute.  Honolulu, HI, Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, 2006.  8 p.
Available online at:  http://www.apcss.org/Publications/APSSS/IndusRiverDiplomacy.Wirsing.Jasparro.pdf
Discusses the severe tensions between India and Pakistan over river resources including the dispute over the Baglihar dam with its increasingly important interstate river issues that affect the entire South Asian region.


Books

Blum, Gabriella.  Islands of Agreement:  Managing Enduring Armed Rivalries.  Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2007.  355 p.
Author suggests that even where enduring bitter conflict exists, there are also multifaceted hybrid international relationships.  See India and Pakistan:  Islands of the Subcontinent, pp 53-122.
Book call no.:  327.172 B658i

Guha, Ramachandra.  India after Gandhi:  The History of the World's Largest Democracy.  New York, HarperCollins, 2007.  893 p.
Discussion in regards to the creation of Pakistan, Pakistan-India relations, treaties, military conflicts including Kashmir policies and U.S. relations with Pakistan.
Book call no.:  954.04 G942i

The India-Pakistan Nuclear Relationship:  Theories of Deterrence and International Relations, edited by E. Sridharan.  New York, Routledge, 2007.  326 p.
Book call no.:  355.0217 I39

Kashmir:  New Voices, New Approaches, edited by Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu and others.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner, 2006.  291 p.
Analysis and possible solutions to the Kashmir dispute which is seen as a 21st century conflict with nuclear dimensions within the international community.
Book call no.:  954.6052 K191

McLeod, Duncan.  India and Pakistan:  Friends, Rivals or Enemies?  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2008.  159 p.
Book call no.:  303.4825405491 M165i

A Military History of India and South Asia:  From the East India Company to the Nuclear Era, edited by Daniel P. Marston and Chandar S. Sundaram.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2007.  238 p.
Focuses on the military history of India, includes information about the Kashmir conflict with Pakistan.  See The State of War with Pakistan, by Bhashyam Kasturi, pp 139-156.
Book call no.:  355.00954 M644

Pakistan Occupied Kashmir:  The Untold Story, edited by Virendra Gupta and Alok Bansal.  New Delhi, India, Manas Publications, 2007.  251 p.
Book call no.:  954.913 P152

Swami, Praveen.  India, Pakistan and the Secret Jihad:  The Covert War in Kashmir, 1947-2004.  New York, Routledge, 2007.  258 p.  (Asian Security Studies)
Explores the history of jihadist groups in Jammu and Kashmir, documenting the course of their activities and their changing character from 1947 to 2004.
Book call no.:  954.604 S971i

Wirsing, Robert.  India, Pakistan, and the Kashmir Dispute:  On Regional Conflict and It's Resolution.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1994.  337 p.
Book call no.:  327.5405491 W798i


Document (Student Research)

Elbinger, Lewis K.  The United States of South Asia:  Healing the Wounds of Partition.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, February 2007.  41 p.
Paper explores the prospects of regional unification in South Asia in the creation of The United States of South Asia (U.S.S.A.) consisting of Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Maldives and Sri Lanka.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 E372u


Periodicals

Attack on Mumbai:  India Points Finger at Pakistan.  Asian Defence Journal, p 11, December 2009.
Discusses the attacks in Mumbai on November 26, 2008, and the Indian Government's belief the attackers cam from Pakistan.

Bennet-Jones, Owen.  Musharraf's Kashmir Policy.  Asian Affairs 38:305-317 November 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=28698603&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Chemma, Pervaiz Iqbal.  Analyzing the Pakistan-India Peace Process.  Pakistan Horizon 60:25-37 April 2007.
Reports on the peace process between Pakistan and India demonstrating the need for continuing vigilance and strengthening for their relations to continue positively.

Gul, Nabiha.  Pakistan - India Peace Process 1990-2007:  An Appraisal.  Pakistan Horizon 60:47-64 April 2007.
Discusses Pakistan-India relationship as cyclic, evidence that their relationship will most likely remain difficult.

Jamaluddin, J. M.  India-Pakistan Dialogue:  Moving Positively.  Asian Defence Journal, pp 4-6, January-February 2007.
Discusses the continuing challenge of reconciling mutual differences on the Kashmir dispute.

Liebl, Vernie.  India and Pakistan:  Competing Nuclear Strategies and Doctrines.  Comparative Strategy 28:154-163 March-April 2009.
Explores the different nuclear deterrent and response strategies of India and Pakistan found in their doctrinal developments.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=37319284&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mansingh, Surjit.  Rising China and Emergent India in the 21st Century:  Friends or Rivals?  Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 19:117-142 Winter 2007.
Pakistan's impact on Indo-China and Indo-U.S. relations, discusses Pakistan's internal problems and progress in the India-Pakistan composite peace process.

Misra, Ashutosh.  An Audit of the India-Pakistan Peace Process.  Australian Journal of International Affairs 61:506-528 December 2007.
History of the India-Pakistan peace process technically known as the Composite Dialogue Process (CDP) since it inception in 1997.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27406239&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Noor, Sanam.  Pakistan - India Relations and Terrorism.  Pakistan Horizon 60:65-84 April 2007.

Pardesi, Manjeet S. and Ganguly, Sumit.  The Rise of India and the India-Pakistan Conflict.  Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 31:131-145 Winter 2007.
Pakistan's relationship with India as India becomes more a dominant power in South Asia.

Pattanaik, Smruti S.  War on Terror and Its Impact on Pakistan's Kashmir Policy.  Strategic Analysis 32:389-412 May 2008.

Riedel, Bruce.  South Asia's Nuclear Decade.  Survival 50:105-126 April-May 2008.
Danger of nuclear confrontation between India and Pakistan.

Schofield, Victoria.  Kashmiri Separatism and Pakistan in the Current Global Environment.  Contemporary South Asia 16:83-92 March 2008.
Examines the idea that the dispute between India and Pakistan over the state of Jammu and Kashmir is a de-stabilizing factor in Pakistan and the region.

Shukla, Saurabh.  Why India Has to Worry:  The Taliban's Rise in Pakistan Has Dangerous Portents for India That a New Government Will Have to Address.  India Today International 2:41-42 May 25, 2009.
U.S. and India's concerns about Pakistan's nuclear weapons and increasing terrorists activities.

Siraj, Syed Abdul.  War or Peace Journalism in Elite US Newspapers:  Exploring News Framing in Pakistan-India Conflict.  Strategic Studies 28:194-222 Spring 2008.
Coverage and U.S. perceptions in the New York Times and Washington Post on the India-Pakistan conflict.

Water Fight:  Baglihar Dam Divides India and Pakistan.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:56-57 February 2007.
Discusses the Baglihar Dam water dispute between India and Pakistan and how it threatens the already complicated peace process between the two countries.

Wirsing, Robert G.  In India's Lengthening Shadow:  The U.S.-Pakistan Strategic Alliance and the War in Afghanistan.  Asian Affairs:  An American Review 34:151-172 Fall 2007.
Discusses Pakistan relations with India, Pakistan's strategic alliance with the U.S., and the war in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27718338&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Foreign Relations with United States

Internet Resources

Boucher, Richard A.  The United States and Pakistan Relations and Cooperation:  Key to Regional Stability
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=29968792&site=ehost-live
Pakistan's transformation into a moderate democracy and prosperous open nation is vital to U.S. interests and stability in the region.  Excerpts of the statement presented to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs, Washington, D.C. July 12, 2007.

Curtis, Lisa.  U.S.-Pakistan Strategic Relationship.  June 12, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandSecurity/tst061708a.cfm
Testimony before Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, Subcommittee on Federal Financial Management, Government Information, Federal Services, and International Security United States Senate.

Kronstadt, K. Alan.  Pakistan-U.S. Relations.  Washington, Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, February 6, 2009.  97 p.
Available online at:  http://opencrs.com/document/RL33498
February 6, 2008 available in print:  Fairchild Documents M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL33498

Pervez, Fouad.  The Real Crisis in Pakistan.  Foreign Policy in Focus, July 11, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/5360
American image of Pakistan and U.S. foreign policy regarding four areas of crisis for Pakistanis; the economy, electricity load sharing, water shortage, and political instability.

A Renewed Approach.  Harvard International Review 31:82-83 Spring 2009.
Interview with Maleeha Lodhi, former Pakistan ambassador to the U.S. and Great Britain discussing the need for people to understand Muslim countries and Muslim society and the failed U.S. policies in Afghanistan which has led to the emergence of violence in Pakistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=41672425&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

United States Department of State:  Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs.  Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/sca/ci/pk/
Includes background notes, country information, economics, government, foreign relations, and official releases.


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Akhtar, Rizwan.  US-Pakistan Trust Deficit and the War on Terror.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  30 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA479028
Discusses causes and scope of U.S.-Pakistan trust deficit, implications for future relations, issues concerning the Global War on Terror, and recommendations for improving relations.

Thies, Douglas G.  Influence Through Airpower Security Cooperation in Egypt and Pakistan:  Lessons for Iraq.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2007.  109 p.  (Thesis, M. A.).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475772
Characteristics of airpower security cooperation that will best serve U.S. interests with respect to Iraq and the broader region; examines the recent history of U.S. airpower security cooperation with Pakistan and Egypt. Master's Thesis


Books

Ali, Tariq.  The Duel:  Pakistan on the Flight Path of American Power.  New York, Scribner, 2008.  288 p.
Focuses on the struggles between U.S. backed politico-military elite and citizens of Pakistan.
Book call no.:  954.9105 A398d

Barton, Frederick and others.  Afghanistan & Pakistan on the Brink:  Framing U.S. Policy Options.  Washington, Center for Strategic & International Studies, 2009.  28 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/090221_barton-afpakonthebrink.pdf
Book call no.:  327.170954 B293a

Caravelli, Jack.  Nuclear Insecurity:  Understanding the Threat from Rogue Nations and Terrorists.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2008.  178 p.
Pakistan, pp 73-93, case study on Pakistan discussing continuing and significant security problems for the U.S. and valuable insights into the success and failures of U.S. nuclear nonproliferation policies.
Book call no.:  363.325570973 C262n

Cohen, Craig.  A Perilous Course:  U.S. Strategy and Assistance to Pakistan.  Washington, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2007.  128 p.
A Report of the Post-Conflict Reconstruction Project Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Book call no.:  327.7305491 C678p

Global Forecast:  The Top Security Challenges of 2008, edited by Carola McGiffert and Craig Cohen.  Washington, Center for Strategic & International Studies, 2007.  60 p.
Collection of essays reflecting on the major political, military, and economic challenges likely to have strategic implications for the U.S. in the near future.  See essays relating to Pakistan:  Perils of Pakistan, by Teresita C. Schaffer, pp 22-24 and 10 Years after the South Asian Nuclear Tests:  A Nuclear Watershed in the Rearview Mirror, by Jon Wolfsthal, pp 49-51.
Book call no.:  355.033 G5625

Levy, Adrian and Scott-Clark, Catherine.  Deception:  Pakistan, the United States, and the Secret Trade in Nuclear Weapons.  New York, Walker & Company, 2007.  586 p.
Examines Pakistan's clandestine nuclear network and U.S. aid money.
Book call no.:  327.7305491 L668d

Lodhi, Maleeha.  The Future of Pakistan-U.S. Relations:  Opportunities and Challenges.  Washington, Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, 2009.  6 p.  (INSS Special Report)
Discusses U.S.-Pakistan relationship, mutual frustrations, and growing trust gap.
Also available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/inss/Strforum/SR_05/SR_05.pdf
Book call no.:  327.7305491 L822f

Pakistan's Nuclear Future:  Worries Beyond War, edited by Henry D. Sokolski.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  378 p.
Political turmoil after Pakistani President Musharraf imposed a state of emergency in 2007, concerns that Pakistanís nuclear assets might be vulnerable to diversion or misuse.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475702
Book call no.:  355.02170954 P152

Rashid, Ahmed.  Descent into Chaos:  The United States and the Failure of Nation Building in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central Asia.  New York, Viking, 2008.  484 p.
Book call no.:  954.053 R224d

Tellis, Ashley J.  Pakistan and the War on Terror:  Conflicted Goals, Compromised Performance.  Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2008.  56 p.
Author provides analysis of the problems the U.S. has concerning Pakistan in the combined counterterrorism operations in FATA and Afghanistan, recommendations provided that may ensure U.S.-Pakistan relations move forward in a positive manner.
Also available online at:  http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/tellis_pakistan_final.pdf
Book call no.:  363.32516095491 T276p

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Armed Services.  Security Challenges Involving Pakistan and Policy Implications for the Department of Defense.  Hearing. 110th Congress, 1st sess, October 10, 2007.  Washington, U.S. GPO, 2008.  101 p.  (H.A.S.C. no. 110-94)
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS109680
Book call no.:  355.0325491 U581s

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.  Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs.  Extremist Madrassas, Ghost Schools, and U.S. Aid to Pakistan:  Are We Making the Grade on the 9/11 Commission Report Card?.  Hearing. 110th Congress, 1st session, May 9, 2007.  Washington, GPO, 2007.  70 p.
Hearings discussing U.S. policy toward Pakistan, its radical religious schools known as madrassas, its dysfunctional education system and what impact this has on long-term national security and U.S.-Pakistan relations.
Also available online at:  http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_house_hearings&docid=f:37093.pdf
Book call no.:  327.7305491 U581e

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  A New Strategy for Enhanced Partnership with Pakistan.  Hearing. 110th Congress, 2nd sess, June 25, 2008.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2009.  61 p.  (S. hrg. 110-691)
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS108663
Book call no.:  338.917305491 U58n

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  U.S. Foreign Assistance to Pakistan.  Hearing before the Subcommittee on International Development and Foreign Assistance, Economic Affairs, and International Environmental Protection. 110th Congress, 1st sess, December 6, 2007.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2008.  71 p.  (S. hrg. 110-564)
Also available online at:  http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_senate_hearings&docid=f:45127.pdf
Book call no.:  338.917305491 U58u

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  U.S. Policy Options in Post-Election Pakistan.  Hearing. 110th Congress, 2nd sess, February 28, 2009.  Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2008.  72 p.
Book call no.:  324.95491 U58u


Documents

Dodaro, Gene L.  Combating Terrorism:  U.S. Efforts to Address the Terrorist Threat in Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas Require a Comprehensive Plan and Continued Oversight.  Washington, United States Government Accountability Office, 2008.  19 p.
Testimony before the Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs, Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d08820t.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.08-820T

Gimmett, Richard F.  U.S. Arms Sales to Pakistan.  Washington, Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, 2007.  4 p.  (CRS report for Congress, RS22757)
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA474661
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.07-RS22757

Johnson, Charles Michael.  Combating Terrorism:  U.S. Oversight of Pakistan Reimbursement Claims for Coalition Support Funds.  Washington, United States Government Accountability Office, 2008.  20 p.
Testimony before the Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS96608
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.08-932T

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Combating Terrorism:  Increased Oversight and Accountability Needed over Pakistan Reimbursement Claims for Coalition Support Funds.  Washington, United States Government Accountability Office, 2008.  41 p.
Report to Congressional Requestors.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS96610
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.08-806

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Combating Terrorism:  The United States Lacks Comprehensive Plan to Destroy the Terrorist Threat and Close the Safe Haven in Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas.  Washington, United States Government Accountability Office, 2008.  32 p.
Report to Congressional Requestors.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS93848
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.08-622

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Preliminary Observations on the Use and Oversight of U.S. Coalition Support Funds Provided to Pakistan.  Washington, United States Government Accountability Office, 2008.  25 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS94900
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.08-735R

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Securing, Stabilizing, and Developing Pakistan's Border Area with Afghanistan:  Key Issues for Congressional Oversight.  Washington, United States Government Accountability Office, 2008.  55 p.
Report to Congressional Requestors.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS110441
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.09-263SP


Documents (Student Research)

Engelke, Douglas K.  Anticipating Failure:  US Options in Preparing for a Rogue Pakistan.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, February 2007.  45 p.
Paper discusses U.S. interests, policy, and military options in preparation of a possible failed Pakistani state.
Also available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/RIMS/display.aspx?moduleid=be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153&mode=user&action=researchproject&objectid=a325fad5-57a7-482e-a3f2-52c9c280be78
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 E571a

McMahon, Bernie.  Pakistan's FATA - A Wicked Problem.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2009.  23 p.
Explores Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) using attributes from the "wicked" approach described by Horst Rittel and Melvin Webber, then offers a new strategy for President Obama and his decision makers to "tame" Pakistan's FATA problem.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ada497713
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M1674p

Taylor, Scott R.  Stabilizing US-Pakistan Relations:  A Way Forward.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  34 p.
Examines U.S.-Pakistan relations and offers recommendations on how cooperation can be better structured to achieve mutual long-term interests.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA480198
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 T2462s


Periodicals

Ali, Farhana.  Risks and Rewards of a US-Pakistan Alliance.  Pakistan Horizon 60:123-136 July 2007.
Report examines interlinked issues of militancy and extremism in Pakistan, its impact on the region's security, and the challenges Pakistan faces in developing its writ over extremism.

Boucher, Richard A.  The United States and Pakistan Relations and Cooperation:  Key to Stability.  DISAM Journal of International Security Assistance Management 29:72-75 December 2007.
Pakistan's transformation into a moderate democracy and prosperous open nation is vital to U.S. interests and stability in the region.  Excerpts of the statement presented to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs, Washington, D.C. July 12, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=29968792&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Boyle, Michael J.  The War on Terror in American Grand Strategy.  International Affairs 84:191-209 March 2008.
Discusses U.S. strategy in the war on terrorism; relations with crucial but endangered allies including Pakistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=30068849&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cappelli, Vanni.  Containing Pakistan:  Engaging the Raja-Mandala in South-Central Asia.  Orbis 51:55-70 Winter 2007.
Pakistan's reliability as an ally in the fight against a resurgent Taliban questioned; suggestion for methods to reduce tensions between the U.S. and Pakistan.

Carranza, Mario E.  From Non-Proliferation to Post-Proliferation:  Explaining the US-India Nuclear Deal.  Contemporary Security Policy 28:464-493 December 2007.
United States policy toward South Asia concerning nuclear testing and danger of the use of nuclear weapons in a future Indo-Pakistani war.

Consolatore, Daniel.  The Trouble with Pakistan.  Humanist 68:11-15 March-April 2008.
Discusses assassination of former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto in the context of U.S. foreign policy ethics; U.S. President George W. Bush's endorsement of the military coup led by Pakistani General Pervez Musharraf and his subsequent leadership of Pakistan, including the dismissal of Pakistani Supreme Court Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=30032027&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Copley, Gregory R.  Pakistan:  Pivotal State, Critical Time.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 36 no.9:7-9 2008.
Discusses the challenges facing Pakistan, relations and strategic interests of the U.S. and the international community.

Cox, Matthew.  Taliban Resurgence Sparks Concern on Capitol Hill:  Pakistan Could Do More to Stem Insurgency, Lawmakers Say.  Army Times 67:42 March 12, 2007.
Discusses the Senate Armed Services Committee's concern over the resurgence of Taliban attacks on American and NATO forces along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border.

Fuller, Graham E.  Islamic Nationalism Is Behind Pakistan Crisis.  New Perspectives Quarterly 25:65-67 Spring 2008.
Examines the culture in Pakistan and U.S. military resistance to Islam as contributing factors to the crisis in the country.

Hathaway, Robert M.  Leverage and Largesse:  Pakistan's Post-9/11 Partnership with America.  Contemporary South Asia 16:11-24 March 2008.
This article seeks to gauge the impact of Pakistan's close ties with Washington since 9/11.

Khan, Muhammad Azam.  The United States, the North Arabian Sea, and Pakistan.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 133:36-41 May 2007.
Describes the Makran Coast of Pakistan, it's key to future activities on and around the North Arabian Sea and changes that should impact international relations in the region.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25136264&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lieven, Anatol.  Do No Harm.  National Interest No. 94:16-20 March-April 2008.
U.S. strategy towards Pakistan including Islamist violence and a future settlement with Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31567623&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lobe, Jim.  Pakistanis See U.S. as Greatest Threat.  Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 27:16-17 March 2008.
Result of a survey on the attitude of Pakistanis toward the U.S.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=30039708&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Markey, Daniel.  A False Choice in Pakistan.  Foreign Affairs 86:85-102 July-August 2007.
Political and social situation in Pakistan from 2001 to 2006 and U.S. political policy concerning the government of President Pervez Musharraf.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25610521&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

McMichael, William H.  Afghan Defense Minister Suggests Border Task Force:  U.S.-Pakistan Relationship Has Been Strained by Alleged Cross-Border Strikes.  Air Force Times 69:18 October 6, 2008.
Afghanistan Defense Minister Abdul Rahim Wardak proposes the creation of a U.S.-Afghan-Pakistani military task force that would share intelligence and strike terrorist insurgents on the Afghan-Pakistan border region.

McMichael, William H.  Gates:  Pakistan Border Region Must Be Secured.  Air Force Times 69:12 October 6, 2008.
United States Defense Secretary Robert Gates briefs Congress on the need for more troops on the Pakistan-Afghan border to counter the Afghan insurgency.

Obama's Policy on Pakistan.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, p 12, January 2009.
Discusses why Barack Obama chose to raise the issue of the Kashmir dispute during his election campaign.

Pakistan's Pride and Prejudice.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 15-16, December 2008.
Discusses Pakistani popular resentment to the increased U.S. military counter-terrorism cooperation in the Afghan-Pakistan border region.

Pal, Amitabh.  The Wrong Side in Pakistan.  Progressive 72:8-9 February 2008.
Comments about the foreign policy of the U.S. towards Pakistan, the author believes the U.S. has not focused on the welfare of the Pakistanis.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=31155315&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rashid, Ahmed.  As Obama Gears Up in Afghanistan, Pakistan Faces Leadership Void.  New Perspectives Quarterly 26:25-26 Spring 2009.
Discusses concern for the international community along with the United States about the expansion of the Pakistani Taliban across northern Pakistan and the safe haven that the leaders of the Afghan Taliban and al-Qaida have along Pakistan's border with Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=38219042&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Shah, Syed Muhammad Ali.  Pakistan and the War Against Terrorism.  Pakistan Horizon 60:85-107 April 2007.
Study analyzes the critical role Pakistan has as an ally of the U.S. in the war against terrorism.

Siraj, Syed Abdul and Ramaprasad, Jyotika.  Image of Pakistan in Elite U.S. Newspapers:  Exploring News Framing.  Strategic Studies 27:20-52 Winter 2007.
How the U.S. media frames other country's image in regards to interest and foreign policy of United States.

Synnott, Hilary.  What is Happening in Pakistan?  Survival 51:61-80 February-March 2009.
Discusses ingredients needed for a responsible strategy by the United States toward Pakistan including the need to understand the history, politics, security, international military operations and the Afghan-Pakistani tribal belt.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=36449344&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Tellis, Ashley J.  Pakistan's Record on Terrorism:  Conflicted Goals, Compromised Performance.  Washington Quarterly 31:7-32 Spring 2008.
Discusses and recommends U.S. modifications to its policies toward Pakistan for continued Pakistani contributions to counterterrorism.

Unnithan, Sandeep.  The Spoils of War.  India Today International 2:36-37 May 18, 2009.
Discusses U.S. aid dollars aimed for the 'War on Terror' being used for strengthening Pakistan's offensive capabilities against India.

Whitelaw, Kevin and others.  Fanning the Flames of Discontent.  U.S. News & World Report 143:24-26 July 16, 2007.
Article analyzes the growing turmoil in Pakistan between the U.S. supported military regime led by President Pervez Musharraf and the country's educated middle class.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=25681716&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Zaidi, Syed Manzar Abbas.  The United States and the Counterinsurgency:  The Peace Process in Pakistan.  American Foreign Policy Interests 31:149-165 May 2009.
Examines the Pakistan government's negotiated peace settlements with Taliban militants and the United States policy regarding the process.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=39777972&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


History


Books

Burki, Shahid Javed.  Historical Dictionary of Pakistan.  Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2006.  581 p.
Book call no.:  954.91003 B959h 2006

Cloughley, Brian.  A History of the Pakistan Army:  Wars and Insurrections.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1999.  384 p.
Book call no.:  355.009549 C647h

Ganguly, Sumit.  Conflict Unending:  India-Pakistan Tensions since 1947.  Washington, Columbia University Press, 2001.  187 p.
Book call no.:  954.04 G197c

Gulati, M. N.  Military Plight of Pakistan:  Indo-Pak War 1947-48.  New Delhi, India, Manas Publications, 2000.  2 vols.
Book call no.:  954.04 G971m

A History of Pakistan and Its Origins, edited by Christophe Jaffrelot.  London, Anthem Press, 2002.  326 p.
Book call no.:  954.91 H673

Jones, Owen Bennett.  Pakistan:  Eye of the Storm.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2002.  328 p.
History of Pakistan from 1947 to the present with analysis of relationships between religion, regional politics, and the armed forces.
Book call no.:  954.91 J79p

Khan, Yasmin.  The Great Partition:  The Making of India and Pakistan.  New Haven, CT, Yale University, 2007.  251 p.
The promise of political and religious freedom through the liberation of India and the creation of the Muslim State of Pakistan brought bloodshed, displacement, death, etc for millions.  Repercussions of the partition are still evident sixty years later.
Book call no.:  954.042 K45g

Marsden, Magnus.  Living Islam:  Muslim Religious Experience in Pakistan's North-West Frontier.  Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  297 p.
Book call no.:  954.912053 M364L

Schofield, Julian.  Militarization and War.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.  236 p.
Using several case studies the author demonstrates his theory that military regimes are not expansionistic, that they do not seek to engage in war.  See Pakistan, Direct Militarization, and the 1965 War, pp 33-50.
Book call no.:  322.5 S367m

Stewart, Jules.  The Savage Border:  The History of the North-West Frontier.  Gloucestershire, UK, Sutton Publishing Limited, 2007.  240 p.
Discussion of life and conflict in Pakistan's North-West frontier.
Book call no.:  954.912 S849s

Talbot, Ian.  Pakistan:  A Modern History.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1998.  432 p.
Book call no.:  954.91 T139p

Tunzelmann, Alex von.  Indian Summer:  The Secret History of the End of an Empire.  New York, Henry Holt and Company, 2007.  401 p.
History of British rule of India and the partition of India and Pakistan.
Book call no.:  954.0359 V945i

Wirsing, Robert.  Pakistanís Security under Zia, 1977-1988:  The Policy Imperatives of a Peripheral Asian State.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1991.  216 p.
Discusses the Afghanistan war, arms race with India, the Kashmir dispute, and the effectiveness of Pakistan's security policies.
Book call no.:  355.03305491 W798p

Yousaf, Nasim.  Hidden Facts Behind British India's Freedom:  A Scholarly Look into Allama Mashraqi and Quaid-e-Azam's Political Conflict.  Liverpool, NY, AMZ Publications, 2007.  438 p.
The creation of Pakistan and misconceptions regarding the history of the Indian sub-continent.
Book call no.:  954.042 Y82h


Politics and Government


Internet Resources

Government of Pakistan
Available online at:  http://www.pakistan.gov.pk/
Official website for the government of Pakistan with access to Ministries and Divisions including Defence, Economic Affairs & Statistics, Foreign Affairs, Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas, and Science and Technology.

International Crisis Group.  Reforming Pakistan's Police.  (Asia Report No. 157, 14 July 2008).
Available online at:  http://www.crisisgroup.org/library/documents/asia/south_asia/157_reforming_pakistan_s_police.pdf
Analyses the existing system of policing in Pakistan, identifies flaws and proposes recommendations for the Government of Pakistan and the International Community of reform under the new civilian dispensation.


Internet Resource (Student Research)

Iqbal, Javed.  Effects of International Terrorism on the Security of Pakistan.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2007.  20 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA468379
Examines the Pakistani security posture and internal extremist-related policies before 9/11, particularly during and immediately after Afghan war against the Soviet Union, and focuses on the concept of Jihad, the role of Madaris, and the situation within the tribal areas bordering Afghanistan.


Books

Aziz, Mazhar.  Military Control in Pakistan:  The Parallel State.  New York, Routledge, 2008.  144 p.
Looks at the problems of military control in Pakistan and the future of military leadership in the politics of Pakistan.
Book call no.:  954.9105 A995m

Bhutto, Benazir.  Reconciliation:  Islam, Democracy, and the West.  New York, HarperCollins, 2008.  328 p.
Bhutto explores the complicated history between the Middle East and the West and traces the roots of international terrorism across the world, including American support for Pakistani General Zia-ul-Haq.
Book call no.:  297.272 B575r

Grare, Frederic.  Islam, Militarism, and the 2007-2008 Elections in Pakistan.  Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006.  19 p.
Discusses possible roles the military and Islamic parties will play in the 2007-2008 elections in Pakistan.
Book call no.:  324.095491 G766i

Grare, Frederic.  Pakistan:  The Resurgence of Baluch Nationalism.  Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006.  15 p.
Baluchistan the large southwest region of Pakistan; its economic and strategic importance and consequences of possible independence.
Book call no.:  954.9105 G766p

Grare, Frederic.  Reforming the Intelligence Agencies in Pakistan's Transitional Democracy.  Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2009.  101 p.
Analysis of the role of intelligence agencies in Pakistan through a better understanding of their objectives and mechanisms, discusses the need for reform and depoliticization of the intelligence agencies and their processes.
Also available online at:  http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/pakistan_intelligence_transitional_democracy.pdf
Book call no.:  327.125491 G766r

Grare, Frederic.  Rethinking Western Strategies Toward Pakistan:  An Action Agenda for the United States and Europe.  Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2007.  55 p.
Ideas for a new strategy encouraging Pakistan's military to:  reestablish the preeminence of civilian government, participate in active and full cooperation assisting in the defeat of the Taliban, aid in the reconstruction of Afghanistan and the war on terrorism.
Also available online at:  http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/grare_pakistan_final.pdf
Book call no.:  327.73095491 G766r

Hussain, Zahid.  Frontline Pakistan:  The Struggle with Militant Islam.  New York, Columbia University Press, 2007.  220 p.
Discusses General Musharraf's policies and decision to support the U.S. fight against jihadism, Pakistan's turmoil within itself resulting from these decisions, the changing Pakistan-U.S. alliance, and the war on terror.
Book call no.:  954.91053 H972f

India and Pakistan:  The First Fifty Years, edited by Selig S. Harrison and others.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 1999.  216 p.
Book call no.:  954.04 I39

John, Wilson.  The General and Jihad:  Pakistan under Musharraf.  New Delhi, India, Pentagon Press, 2007.  209 p.
Collection of articles covering President Musharraf's policies dealing with terrorists.
Book call no.:  954.9105 J65g

Musharraf, Pervez.  In the Line of Fire:  A Memoir.  New York, Free Press, 2006.  354 p.
President Musharraf writes about his rise to power, the war on terror, assassination attempts, manhunts for bin Laden and Zawahiri, Kashmir and disputes with India, proliferation, and Pakistan's experience with democracy.
Book call no.:  954.91053 M987i

Nawaz, Shuja.  FATA - A Most Dangerous Place:  Meeting the Challenge of Militancy and Terror in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan.  Washington, Center for Strategic & International Studies, 2009.  44 p.
Report defines the conditions that spawn militancy and violence among Pakhtun tribesmen that inhabit FATA and suggests ways of approaching them in the short and medium term.
Also available online at:  http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/081218_nawaz_fata_web.pdf
Book call no.:  363.325170954 N328f

Ollapally, Deepa M.  The Politics of Extremism in South Asia.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2008.  239 p.
Afghanistanís changing fortunes - pp.53-83.  Pakistan at the crossroads - pp. 84-113.  Conflict and contradiction in Kashmir - pp. 114-144.
Book call no.:  320.530954 O49p

Siddiqa, Ayesha.  Military Inc.:  Inside Pakistan's Military Economy.  London, Pluto Press, 2007.  292 p.
Explains the military capital in Pakistan termed 'Milbus' which is inherently different from a defense budget, its perpetuation of the military's political predatory style which increases totalitarian systems, and cause and effect of a feudal authoritarian and non-democratic political system.
Book call no.:  322.509549 S568m

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Pakistan's Future:  Building Democracy or Fueling Extremism?.  Hearing.  110th Congress, 1st sess, July 25, 2007.  Washington, U.S. GPO, 2008.  64 p.
Discusses the threat posed by al-Qaeda in the tribal areas of Pakistan, the Taliban using Pakistani territory as a base for attached in Afghanistan.
Also available online at:  http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_senate_hearings&docid=f:45036.pdf
Book call no.:  954.9105 U58p

Wirsing, Robert G.  Baloch Nationalism and the Geopolitics of Energy Resources:  The Changing Context of Separatism in Pakistan.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2008.  55 p.
Pakistan's mounting energy insecurity in a time of growing demand, the economic and strategic importance of Balochistan, and Pakistan's efforts to cope with that province's resurgent tribal separatism.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB853.pdf
Book call no.:  320.954915 W798b


Periodicals

Adeney, Katharine.  What Comes after Musharraf?  Brown Journal of World Affairs 14:41-52 Fall-Winter 2007.
Discusses the prospect for enhanced democracy in Pakistan regardless of whether Musharraf remains in power, regardless of influence by the military.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=33119790&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bansal, Alok.  Gilgit-Baltistan:  The Roots of Political Alienation.  Strategic Analysis 32:81-101 January 2008.
Analysis of factors that have led to the alienation of the population in the Gilgit-Baltistan area of Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir.

Behuria, Ashok K.  From Fragmentation to Coalition:  End of General Musharraf's Politics?  Strategic Analysis 32:329-338 May 2008.
Commentary discussing the fragmented state of politics induced by General Musharraf and the emerging spirit of coalition.

Behuria, Ashok K.  The Rise of Pakistani Taliban and the Response of the State.  Strategic Analysis 31:699-724 September 2007.
Discusses the Pakistan Taliban as a serious internal security threat along with external challenges in regards to Afghanistan, examines the strategy employed by the Pakistani state dealing with this group.

Behuria, Ashok K.  Sects Within Sect:  The Case of Deobandi-Barelvi Encounter in Pakistan.  Strategic Analysis 32:57-80 January 2008.
Interaction between the two Sunni sub-sects, Deobandi and Barelvi since colonial days, during the movement for Partition, and later in Pakistani politics.

Burns, John F.  Ghosts That Haunt Pakistan.  New York Times Week in Review, p 1, January 6, 2008.
Suggests that Pakistan's civilian leaders not solely its military rulers are also responsible for Pakistan's faltering history of democracy. Available through MSFRIC Lexis-Nexis database. Also available at:  http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/06/weekinreview/06burns.html?_r=2&ref=weekinreview&pagewanted=all&oref=slogin\&oref=slogin

Cochrane, Joe.  Giving Pakistan a Chance.  Global Asia 3:15-19 Spring 2008.
Author describes a positive prediction for Pakistan's future that is possible with accountability by its new civilian leaders and assistance by the international community.

Copley, Gregory R.  The Outlook for Pakistan after the Death of Benazir Bhutto.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 35, no.1:32+ 2008.
Discusses Pakistan elections, Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), terrorist groups, and the crisis in Afghanistan after the death of Benazir Bhutto, candidate for the Pakistan People's Party.

Copley, Gregory R.  Pakistan:  The Delicacy, and Inevitability, of the Political Transition Now Underway.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 35, no. 10:8-9+ 2007.
Discusses political stability and future of Pakistan after the re-election by the combined parliamentary assemblies in the October 6, 2007 Presidential election.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1386765861&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Dodd, Thomas.  Interview:  Pervez Musharraf, President of Pakistan.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:34 January 23, 2008.
President Musharraf discusses his vision for Pakistan including U.S. relations, the Afghan crisis, and nuclear assests.

El-Khawas, Mohamed A.  Musharraf and Pakistan:  Democracy Postponed.  Mediterranean Quarterly 20:94-118 Winter 2009.
Discusses Pakistan under the rule of former president Pervez Musharraf from the time he took power through a coup in October 1999 through his resignation in August 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=36919568&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

The Emergence of Pakistani Taliban.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 4-6, January 2008.
Investigation into the creation of the Pakistan Taliban, causes and nature of this emerging group, describes differences in the Afghan Taliban and Pakistan Taliban.

Ethnic Fault Lines Grow in Pakistan.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 15-16, March 2009.
Examines how the mix of ethnic groups in Pakistan continue to undermine attempts to forge a democratic future.

Faruqui, Ahmad.  Pakistan:  Adrift Once Again.  RUSI Journal 154:12-16 April 2009.
Considering the political crisis, international relations, and growing terrorist threats including increasing Taliban activity, the author proposes a five point plan to bring stability and security to Pakistan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=39253808&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ganguly, Sumit.  The Burden of History.  Journal of Democracy 19:26-31 October 2008.
Evaluates the history of Pakistan to determine why democracy is difficult to implement within this nation. Also discusses problems between India and Pakistan, and Pakistan's economic and social struggles.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34928812&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gregory, Shaun and Revill, James.  The Role of the Military in the Cohesion and Stability of Pakistan.  Contemporary South Asia 16:39-61 March 2008.

Jaspal, Zafar Nawaz.  Pakistan's Judicial System:  Curbing the Menace of Terrorism.  Pakistan Horizon 60:39-50 January 2007.
This study is an attempt to examine the menace of terrorism and counterterrorism strategies and to understand the role of the Pakistan judicial system in coping with the issues of terrorism within the country.

Kennedy, Charles H.  Pakistan in 2005 -- Surviving Domestic and International Tremors.  Asian Survey 46:125-131 January-February 2006.
Describes President Musharraf's accomplishments in 2005 despite natural, domestic, and international challenges including the earthquake in October and expectations to join in the Global War on Terror.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1000781611&sid=14&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Khan, Adeel.  Pakistan in 2007:  More Violent, More Unstable.  Asian Survey 48:144-153 January-February 2008.
Covers political changes including elections, violence, terrorism, Taliban, and the military.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1434435741&sid=2&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Khokhar, Moniza.  Reforming Militant Madaris in Pakistan.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 30:353-365 April 2007.
Suggests implementation of policies and reforms by the Pakistani government that will demilitarize the madaris.

Lieven, Anatol.  Pakistan's Surprising Stability.  Asian Affairs 39:57-68 March 2008.
Updated version of author's lecture given to the Royal Central Asian Society discussing current issues and political stability in Pakistan including the structure of society and power and threats to overthrow the system..
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=29984588&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Looney, Robert and McNab, Robert.  Pakistan's Economic and Security Dilemma:  Expanded Defence Expenditures and the Relative Governance Syndrome.  Contemporary South Asia 16:63-82 March 2008.
Explains Pakistan's defense expenditures have outrun governance to the extent that their impacts on the economy are negative.

Musharraf and the Pakistani Opposition.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 11-12, May 2008.
Discusses President Musharraf's future, the possibilities of removal and potential influence by two major opposition parties, the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PLM-N).

Musharraf's Last Stand.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 4-5, March 2008.
Analysis of Pakistan's parliamentary elections; assessment of the options available to President Musharraf and the viability of a new coalition government.

Nelson, Matthew J.  Pakistan in 2008:  Moving Beyond Musharraf.  Asian Survey 49:16-27 January-February 2009.
Discusses issues surrounding the assassination of Benazir Bhutto, national elections, Pakistan's struggle to distance itself from the discredited military regime of President (General) Pervez Musharraf, and the political rivalry between the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) and the Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N).
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1654389011&sid=1&Fmt=6&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Also at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=37011956&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Pakistan Inches Toward Success:  Prime Minister Gilani's Election Seems Unlikely to Usher on Early End to Political Infighting, or Conflict, in Pakistan, But It's a Start.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 36, no. 3:15-16 2008.
Discusses the period after the election on March 24, 2008 of Pakistan People's Party (PPP) candidate - and former Speaker of the National Assembly - Yousaf Raza Gilani as Pakistan's Prime Minister; political maneuvering and upgrade in Islamist/Jihadist insurrection.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1468755911&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Pakistan Moves Quickly to Stabilize NWFP.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 36, no. 6:16 2008.
Explains the policy and steps taken by the government of Pakistan to stabilize the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP).
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1518473031&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Pakistan's Alienated Northern Areas.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp, 1-4, September 2008.
Discusses Pakistan's Federally Administered Northern Areas (FANA), constitutional status, Islamic extremism, and economics and development in the region.

Pakistan's MMA:  The Janus Effect.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 1-3, February 2008.
Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) is the major Islamic political party of Pakistan.  This article discusses the breakup of Pakistan's six-party Islamic alliance, the two lead parties, Pakistan's Peoples Party (PPP) and Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PLM-N) as they jockey for political influence and their role in future balance of power.

Pakistan's Most Wanted:  Baitullah Mehsud.  Jane's Terrorism & Security Monitor, pp 1-4, February 2008.
Profiles Baitullah Mehsud, the recently appointed leader of the Pakistani Taliban, who is blamed for much of the trouble in Pakistani tribal areas, and his links to various Pakistani militant groups.

Pakistan's New Counter-Terrorism Policy.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 13-14, July 2008.
Pakistani government is adopting a less confrontational strategy towards counter-terrorism.

Rahman, Rashed.  Pakistan's Post-Election Fault Lines.  Global Asia 3:10-14 Spring 2008.
Discusses politics and political parties in Pakistan after the February 2008 elections.

Roberts, Mark J.  Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate:  A State Within a State?  JFQ:  Joint Force Quarterly No. 48:104-110 Winter 2008.
Article focuses on the ISI's strengthening alliance with the U.S., its role in the Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan and the negative implications of its support of extremist groups.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31391047&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Schmidle, Nicholas.  Pak It In.  New Republic 237:14-16 November 19, 2007.
Discusses the political climate in Pakistan including a comparison of the 1970's U.S. relationship with the Shah in Iran and Pakistan's President Musharraf.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=27530397&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Shah, Aqil.  Praetorianism and Terrorism.  Journal of Democracy 19:16-25 October 2008.
Discusses the challenges facing the prospect of extending civilian control of the Pakistani military.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34928811&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Shaikh, Farzana.  Pakistan's Perilous Voyage.  Current History 107:362-368 November 2008.
Explores the power centers within the political structure of Pakistan, covers the instability caused by the many opposing influences and offers warnings of the consequences of these conditions.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35211953&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Thakar, Milind.  Examining Pakistan's Democratic Deficit.  Strategic Analysis 32:285-295 March 2008.
Author's commentary on Pakistan's origins, national identity and its role in political stability, the impact of leadership and political institutions in the state, and Pakistan's military including its influence on politics.


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