PEACE OPERATIONS FOR COMMANDERS


April 2000

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL

CONTENTS

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All sites last accessed March 12, 2003.


DOCTRINE AND STRATEGY


Book

United States. Department of the Air Force. Military Operations Other than War. Washington, DC, GPO, October 1996. 49 p.
Also available online at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/service_pubs/afd2_3.pdf
                                Air Force Doctrine Document 2-3.
Book call no.: 358.4134 U58m

Documents

Ayers, James R. Military Operations Other Than War in the New World Order: An Analysis of Joint Doctrine for the Coming Era. Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, 1996. 58 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39567-4 A977m

Cook, Frank J. and others. The Defense Department's Role in Humanitarian and Disaster Relief. Cambridge, MA, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, c1993. 31 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42021-13 no. 93-02

Joint Warfighting Center (U.S.). Joint Task Force Commander's Handbook for Peace Operations. Fort Monroe, VA, 1995. 1 vol.
Doc. call no.: M-U 44176 28 Feb 95

Kostich, Ted O. Military Operations Other than War: The Evolution of American Strategy and Doctrine for Peace Operations. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 1996. 1 vol.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 K86m

United States. Army. Peace Operations: FM (Field Manual) 100-23. Washington, GPO, December 1994. 131 p.
Also available online at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/service_pubs/fm100_23.pdf
This manual provides guidance for the full range of peace operations, to include support to diplomacy (peacemaking, peace building, and preventive diplomacy), peacekeeping (PK), and peace enforcement (PE). This manual is for commanders and staffs charged with the responsibility for peace operations to assist them in planning and conducting operations.
Doc. call no.: M-U 35062-78 no.100-23

United States Army War College. Multinational Force Command Authorities Handbook. Proceedings of the Central Region, Chiefs of Army Staff (CR-CAST) Working Group. Carlisle Barracks, PA, 1995. 104 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-587

United States. Department of the Air Force. Military Operations Other than War. Washington, DC, GPO, October 1996. 49 p.
Also available online at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/service_pubs/afd2_3.pdf
                                Air Force Doctrine Document 2-3.
Book call no.: 358.4134 U58m

United States. Joint Chiefs of Staff. Doctrine for Joint Interdiction Operations. Washington, DC, GPO, April 997. 1 vol.
Doc. call no.: M-U 40592 no. 3-03 (1997 Apr 10)

United States. Joint Chiefs of Staff. Joint Doctrine for Military Operations Other than War . Washington, 1995. 1 vol.
Also available online at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/new_pubs/jp3_07.pdf
Peace Operations, pp III-12/III-14. Includes definitions.
Doc. call no.: M-U 40592 no.3-07 16 Jun 95

United States. Joint Chiefs of Staff. Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Noncombatant Evacuation Operations.. Washington, DC, GPO, September 1997. 1 vol.
Also available online at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/new_pubs/jp3_07_5.pdf
Doc. call no.: M-U 40592 no. 3-07.5 (1997 Sep 30)

United States. Joint Chiefs of Staff. Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Peace Operations. Washington, 1999. 1 vol. (Joint Pub 3-07.3)
Also available online at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/new_pubs/jp3_07_3.pdf
Doc. call no.: M-U 40592 no.3-07.3 (1999 Feb 12)

Periodicals

Boyd, BrigGen Morris. Peace Operations: A Capstone Doctrine. Military Review 75:20-29 May-June 1995.

Sewall, Sarah. Peace Operations: A Department of Defense Perspective. SAIS Review 15:113-133 Winter-Spring 1995.


GENERAL ISSUES


Books

Bath, Ronald J. and others. Roads to New Strength: Preparing Leaders for Military Operations Other than War. Cambridge, MA, John F. Kennedy School of Government, National Security Program, Harvard University, 1994. 1 vol.
Book call no.: 355.52 R628

Estilow, Rex A. US Military Force and Operations Other than War: Necessary Questions to Avoid Strategic Failure. Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air War College, 1996. 24 p.
Book call no.: 355.0335 E81u

O'Hanlon, Michael. Saving Lives with Force: Military Criteria for Humanitarian Intervention. Washington, DC, Brookings Institution Press, 1997. 86 p.
see chapters
Book call no.: 341.584 O36s

Pirnie, Bruce and Francisco, Corazon M. Assessing Requirements for Peacekeeping, Humanitarian Assistance, and Disaster Relief. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 1998. 143 p.
Book call no.: 355.0332 P669a

Thomas, William C. and Cukierman Jeremy D. The Next Peace Operation: U.S. Air Force Issues and Perspectives. Colorado Springs, Institute for National Security Studies, U.S. Air Force Academy, May 1999. 44 p. (INSS Occasional Paper 25)
Book call no.: 358.41357 T463n

Toward Responsibility in the New World Disorder: Challenges and Lessons of Peace Operations, edited by Max G. Manwaring and John T. Fishel. Portland, OR, Frank Cass & Co, 1998. 215 p.
Book call no.: 327.117 T737

Williams, Michael C. Civil-Military Relations and Peacekeeping. Oxford, Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1998. 93 p.
Book call no.: 909.82 I61a no. 321

Documents

Bartone, Paul and others. Psychological Issues in Peacekeeping Contingency Operations. Fort Detrick, MD, U.S. Army Medical Research Unit--Europe, 1994. 19p.
Stressors and their impact on the health amd morale of UN peacekeeping forces in Yugoslavia, 1992-1993.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43568-13 no.94-0022

Bash, Brooks. The Role of United States Air Power in Peacekeeping. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College. School of Advanced Airpower Studies, 1994. 44 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1a B299r

Blankmeyer, William J. Sustaining Combat Readiness During Peace Operations. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 199. 40 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 B642s

Buche, Joseph P. Where Should I Be? The Operational Commander in 2010: Effective Positioning in Conflict and Planning. Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. School of Advanced Military Studies, 1998. 74 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 B919w

Cabrey, Richard M. Operational Art in Operations Other than War: A Monograph. Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command & General Staff College, 1998. 51 p.
Discusses the potential challenges the operational or joint force commander might face when directing military actions in MOOTW. Uses Somalia (UNOSOM II) as a case study.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 C117o

Campbell, John F. Humanitarian Intervention - Ethically and Morally the Relevant Mission for the New Millennium. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1999. 33 p.
Book call no.: M-U 39080-537 C188h

Charlton, John W. War of Perceptions: Integrating Information Operations into Peacekeeping Plans. Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advance Airpower Studies. U.S. Army Command & General Staff College. 67 p.
Using examples from recent peace operations, analyzes what commanders and staffs must consider when planning a peace operation.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 C481w

Clidas, Michael J. The Role of Impartiality in Peace Operations. Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1997. 49 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 C636r

Cowdry, Christian. Shoot? Don't Shoot? Rules of Engagement in Peacekeeping Operations. Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1994. 46 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 C874s

Davis, Dawne M. Operational Logistics in MOOTW: What Your CINC Needs to Know. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997. 15 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 D2613o

Delly, D. Purnell. Warrior as Diplomat: Peace Operations in the Post-Cold War World. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1996. [18] p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 D358w

Fleck, Christopher M. "Just Do Something": Measuring and Achieving Operational Success in Peace Operations. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997. 22 p.
Mentions Haiti, Somalia, and Bosnia.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 F593j

Gebhard, Bruce. Campaign Planning for Peace Enforcement Operations. Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1994. 64 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 G293c

Ghent, Ralph D. Issues on the Center of Gravity in Counterinsurgency Operations. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997. 18 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 G412i

Gribling, Richard H. Peace Operations in the Gray Zone. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 1996. 35 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 G846p

Hall, Warren D., III. The Obligation to Protect Human Rights: A New Legal Requirement for Commanders? Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1996. 36 p.
Discusses whether U.S. forces were legally required to correct human rights violations in Haiti. Based on the incident during Operation Uphold Democracy involving Captain Rockwood.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 H181o

Kelley, David. Peacekeeping: The Operational Concerns. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1994. 33 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 K293p

Knutsen, Tom H. and Sotthewes, Fred G. Air Compellence -- the Use of Airpower in Peace Operations. Maxwell, AFB, AL, Air War College, 1996. 111 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 K741a

Leland, J. Morri. Keeping the JFACC (Joint Force Air Component Commander) at the Operational Level. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997. 20 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 L537k

Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Peacekeeping Intelligence Requirements. Washington, 1994. 19 p. (94-394F)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42953-1 no.94-394F

MacIver, Michael P. Bombs, Then Bandages: Preparing the Warfighter for the Sojourn to Peacekeeping. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 1997. 33 p.
Also available online at: https://research.maxwell.af.mil/papers/student/ay1997/acsc/97-0605H.pdf
(Above AU Research database search menu is closest web address possible).
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 M1523b

Mikaloff, Robert S. Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield in Peace Operations: Is It Time for a Change?. Fort Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command & General Staff College. 57 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 M636i

Noyes, N. Winn. Peacekeepers and Warfighters: Same Force, Different Mindset. Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 1995. 28 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 N956p

Pirnie, Bruce. Soldiers for Peace: Critical Operational Issues. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 1996. 136 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 30352-84 no.583

Poe, Stacy A. Rules of Engagement: Complexities of Coalition Interaction in Military Operations Other than War. Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 1995. 21 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 P743r

Rapp, Jeffrey N. Intelligence Requirements for Military Operations Other than War: A Low Technology Business Now and in the Future.. Carlisle Barracks, PA, US Army War College, 1998. 45 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 R221i

Sorenson, Robert E. Operational Leadership Challenges in Emergency Humanitarian Assistance Operations.. Newport, RI, Naval War college, 1997. 22 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 S713o

Spillane, Loretta G. Humanitarian Operations and Operational Law: New "Hoopla" for the Commander. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997. 26 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 S756h

Strines, Elisabeth J. Defining a Desirable, Achievable End State in Military Operations Other than War: The Role of the Operational Commander. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997. 19 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 S918d

Trader, Laura A. Task Development Guide for Humanitarian and Peace Operations. Alexandria, VA, Center for Naval Analyses, 1998. 41 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 31914-51

Tubbs, James O. Beyond Gunboat Diplomacy: Forceful Applications of Airpower in Peace Enforcement Operations. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 1997. 56 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43990-1a T885b

Turley, Lori F. Achieving Unity of Effort in Military Operations Other than War. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997. 1 vol.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 T941a

Urrutia-Varhall, Linda and others. The Role of Airpower in Peace Support Operations. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 1995. 1 vol.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 U81r

Vick, Alan and others. Preparing the U.S. Air Force for Military Operations Other than War. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 1997. 205 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 30352-84 no. 842

Wall, Andrew N. Situational Awareness in Military Operations Other than War: A Look at Measures of Effectiveness in Humanitarian Assistance Operations. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997. 31 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 W187s

Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Stress, Cohesion and Morale in Peacekeeping Operations. s.l., 1995. 6 p. (WRAI-TR-95-0004)
Doc. call no.: M-U 43568-13 no.95-0004

Periodicals

Barnes, Rudolph C., Jr. Military Legitimacy in OOTW (operations other than war): Civilians as Mission Priorities. Special Warfare 12:32-43 Fall 1999.

Bash, Brooks. Airpower and Peacekeeping. Airpower Journal 9:66-78 Spring 1995.
Also available online at: http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/bash.html

Benson, Kevin C. M. and Thrash, Christopher B. Declaring Victory: Planning Exit Strategies for Peace Operations. Parameters 26:69-80 Autumn 1996.
Also available online at: http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/96autumn/benson.htm

Bergstrand, Brad. What Do You Do When There's No Peace to Keep? Canadian Defence Quarterly 23:25-30 March 1994.

Cable, Larry. Getting Found in the Fog: The Nature of Interventionary Peace Operations. Special Warfare 11:32-40 Spring 1998.

Campbell, Kenneth J. The Role of Force in Humanitarian Intervention. Airman-Scholar 3:20-27 Spring 1997.
Also available online at: http://www.usafa.af.mil/wing/34edg/airman

Corum, James S. Airpower and Peace Enforcement. Airpower Journal 10:10-25 Winter 1996.
Also available online at: http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/win96/corum.html

Curtis, Adam J. The Joint Air Attack Team in Peace Enforcement Operations. Airman-Scholar 3:35-40 Spring 1997.
Also available online at: http://www.usafa.af.mil/wing/34edg/airman

Eriksson, Par. Intelligence in Peacekeeping Operations. International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 10:1-18 Spring 1997.

Francke, Volker C. Warriors for Peace: The Next Generation of US Military Leaders. Armed Forces & Society 24:33-57 Fall 1997.

Grange, David L. and Rovegno, John S. Setting the Stage: Peacekeeping Operations Demand Unconventional Military Approaches. Armed Forces Journal International 135:44-45 March 1998.

Gray-Briggs, Abigail and MacIver Michael Lt Col. Bombs, Then Bandages: Preparing the War Fighter for the Sojourn to Peacekeeping. Airpower Journal 13:15-26 Summer 1999.
Also available online at: http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj99/sum99/briggs.html

Greenwood, Thomas C. Commander's Intent: The Seed of Haitian Success. Marine Corps Gazette 79:43-44 February 1995.
Examines how a commander's intent guided task force actions and enhanced unit cohesion in Haiti.

Hillen, John. Peacekeeping at the Speed of Sound: The Relevancy of Airpower Doctrine in Operations Other than War. Airpower Journal 12:6-16 Winter 1998.
Also available online at: http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj98/win98/hillen.html

Johansson, Eva and Larsson, Gary. A Model for Understanding Stress and Daily Experiences among Soldiers in Peacekeeping Operations. International Peacekeeping 5:124-141 Autumn 1998.

Keefe, John M. The Operational Art of Peace Enforcement. Low Intensity Conflict & Law Enforcement 5:63-86 Summer 1996.

Killebrew, Robert. Combat Peacekeeping. Armed Forces Journal International 133:34+ October 1995.

Kime, Carl. Peacekeeping Operations: Maintaining Consent at the Tactical Level. Marine Corps Gazette 80:48-49 February 1996.

Lind, William. An Operational Doctrine for Intervention. Parameters 25:128-133 Summer 1995.

Matthews, William. New Role for Warriors (civil affairs). Air Force Times 55:34 November 7, 1994.

Murphy, John R. Jr. Rules of Engagement for Military Operations Other than War. Marine Corps Gazette 80:80-81 September 1996.

Naylor, Sean D. Well Done, but Warlike It's Not (U.S. peacekeeping in Haiti). Army Times 55:10+ July 3, 1995.

Otis, Pauletta. Ethnic Conflict: What Kind of War Is This? Naval War College Review 52:9-29 Autumn 1999.

Owen, Robert C. Aerospace Power and Land Power in Peace Operations: Toward a New Basis for Synergy. Airpower Journal 13:4-22 Fall 1999.
Also available online at: http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj99/fal99/owen.html

Pexton, Patrick. Tips for Commanders. Air Force Times 56:6 December 11, 1995.
A study of soldiers deployed for peacekeeping operations.

Ricardelli, Richard. Warfighter Intelligence in Operations Other than War. American Intelligence Journal 17, nos. 3 & 4:49-54 1997.

Rota, Dane L. Combat Decision Making in "Operations Other than War". Military Review 76:24-28 March-April 1996.

Stiehm, Judith. The Challenge of Civil-Military Cooperation in Peacekeeping. Airman-Scholar 4:26-35 Winter 1998.
Also available online at: http://www.usafa.af.mil/wing/34edg/airman

Tharoor, Shashi. Peace-Keeping: Principles, Problems, Prospects. Naval War College Review 47:9-22 Spring 1994.

Zan, Myint. Intricacies of Military Intervention to Protect Human Rights. Asian Defence Journal No.11:56-59 1992.


SPECIFIC PEACE OPERATIONS


Books

Learning from Somalia: The Lessons of Armed Humanitarian Intervention. Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1997. 276 p.
Book call no.: 967.73053 L438

"The Savage Wars of Peace": Toward a New Paradigm of Peace Operations. edited by John T. Fishel. Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1998. 244 p.
Covers Cyprus, the Congo, former Yugoslavia, Somalia, etc. Also provides a chapter on lessons that should have been learned overall about peace operations.
Book call no.: 341.584 S264

Somalia: Good Intentions, Deadly Results. Phildelphia, PA, KR Video, 1997. 1 videocassette, 56 min.
Describes the mission of United States armed forces in Somalia which began as a humanitarian effort and dissolved into combat.
Book call no.: Video call no.: 967.73053 S693

Documents

Ash, Lawrence N. Wilderness Guide: Providing Intelligence for the Commander in Bosnia. Newport, RI, Naval War College, March 1996. 18 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 A819w

Betancourt, Jose. The Fine Line Between Peacekeeping and War. Washington, National Defense University, 1994. 30 p.
A case study of Somalia.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42942-1 B562f

Brasel, Richard L. Operational Joint Endeavor: Operational Guidance from Principles of Operations Other than War. Newport, RI, Naval War College, February 1996. 19 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 B823o

Brennan, Rick and Evan, R. Evan. Information Warfare in Multilateral Peace Operations: A Case Study of Somalia. s.l., Science Applications International, 1996. 43 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42904-92

Bullock, Harold. Peace by Committee: Command and Control Issues in Multinational Peace Enforcement Operations. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College. School of Advanced Airpower Studies, 1995. 80p.
United States efforts in the Dominican Republic and Somalia.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1a

Gingery, Lee S. Principles of Military Operations Other than War as Applied to the United Nations Operation in Somalia II. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997. 22 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 G492p

Hague, K. C. UNPROFOR: A Perspective from the Field. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 1995. 31 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-14 H147u

Hinson, David R. U.S. Military Interaction with Humanitarian Assistance Organizations During Small-Scale Contingencies. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 1998. 36 p.
Also available online at: http://www.au.af.mil/au/database/research/ay1998/acsc/98-119.htm
Examines U.S. military interaction with HA organizations in Haiti, Bosnia, etc.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 H665u

Kramlinger, George D. Sustained Coercive Air Presence (SCAP): Provide Comfort, Deny Flight and the Future of Airpower in Peace Enforcement. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, 1996. 86 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1 K89s

McCarthy, Michael F. The Link Between Operational Protection and the Principles of MOOTW: An Examination of Somalia Operations. Newport, RI, Naval War College, 1997. 17 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662 M1231n

Negrete, Bernardo C. Grenada, Case Study in Military Operations Other than War. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 1996. 24 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 N385g

Taw, Jennifer Morrison. Operation Just Cause: Lessons for Operations Other than War. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 1996. 40 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 30352-84 no. 569

United States. Army. After Action Report: Operation Restore Hope (Somalia). Fort Belvoir, VA, 1994. 1 vol.
Technical assistance to countermine warfare in Somalia.
Doc. call no.: M-U 44016-4

Periodicals

Allard, C. Kenneth. Lessons Unlearned: Somalia and Joint Doctrine. Joint Force Quarterly No.9:105-109 Autumn 1995.
Also available online at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/2409.pdf

Ash, Lawrence N. Wilderness Guide: Intelligence for the Commander in Bosnia. Naval War College Review 49:30-41 Summer 1996.

Bender, Bryan. USAF: The Strategic Vision (Kosovo). Jane's Defence Weekly 32:32-36 September 8, 1999.

Berkowitz, Bruce. Rules of Engagement for U.N. Peacekeeping Forces in Bosnia. Orbis 38:635-646 Fall 1994.

Brady, Pamela J. Joint Endeavor -- the Role of Civil Affairs. JFQ: Joint Force Quarterly 16:45-47 Summer 1997.
Also available online at: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/summer97.htm

Caddick-Adams, Peter. Rebuilding Bosnia. Army Quarterly & Defence Journal 127, no. 2:159-167 1997.

Cook, Nick. War of Extremes: Never Before Has Air Power Played Such a Central Role in the Conduct and Outcome of an Entire Conflict (Kosovo). Jane's Defence Weekly 32:20-23 July 7, 1999.

Crocker, Chester. The Lessons of Somalia. Foreign Affairs 74:2-8 May-June 1995.

Daalder, Ivo H. Bosnia after SFOR (Stabilisation Force): Options for Continued US Engagement. Survival 39:5-18 Winter 1997-98.

Denitch, Bogdan. Lessons from the Bosnian War. Dissent 42:193-195 Spring 1995.

Fisher, Luke. Dubious Conduct: New Revelations in the Somalia Affair Put Military Leaders on the Defensive. Maclean's 108:30-31 October 16, 1995.
The Canadian Airborne Regiment is dismantled.

Jones, Thomas. Review the Ingredients (FMFM-1): Commander's Insights from Cap-Haitien. Marine Corps Gazette 79:55-59 July 1995.

Kennedy, Kevin M. The Relationship Between the Military and Humanitarian Organizations in Operation Restore Hope (Somalia). International Peacekeeping 3:92-112 Spring 1996.

Lange, John E. Civilian-Military Cooperation and Humanitarian Assistance: Lessons from Rwanda. Parameters no. 2:106-122 Summer 1998.
Also available online at: http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usawc/parameters/98summer/lange.htm

Phillips, William R. Civil-Military Cooperation: Vital to Peace Implementation in Bosnia. NATO Review 46:22-25 Spring 1998.
Also available online at: http://www.nato.int/docu/review/1998/9801-07.htm
  

                                                                                                                                                              Prina, L. Edgar. Air War Kosovo: Lessons Learned and Relearned. Sea Power 42:47-50 November 1999.

Simmons, Dean and others. Air Operations over Bosnia. U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 123:58-63 May 1997.

Steele, Dennis. Kosovo: The Task Force Commander's View. Army 49:35-36+ September 1999.

Strike Force over Bosnia. World Air Power Journal 17:18-21 Summer 1994.

Thakur, Ramesh. From Peacekeeping to Peace Enforcement: The UN Operation in Somalia. Journal of Modern African Studies 32:387-410 September 1994.

Tirpak, John A. Lessons Learned and Re-Learned (Kosovo). Air Force Magazine 82:23-25 August 1999.
Also available online at: http://www.afa.org/magazine/watch/0899watch.html

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