SPACE
Special Bibliography  No. 329
Supplement No.
1


February 2008

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on February 11, 2008.


Space, General - Internet Resources

Bibliographies | Online Journals | Organizations


Bibliographies

National Aeronautics and Space Administration.  International Cooperation in Space.  Washington, NASA Headquarters Library, February 2007.  (Program/Project Management Resource List, No. 34).
Available online at:  http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/hqlibrary/ppm/ppm34.htm

Simpson, Diana.  Space.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center, June 2006.  64 p.  (Special Bibliography No. 329).
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/space06.htm

Spacedebate.org.  Bibliography
Available online at:  http://www.spacedebate.org/bibliography/
Includes over 250 citations, each linked to a full-text source.

White, Elwood.  Harnessing the Heavens:  National Defense Through Space.  Colorado Springs, CO, U. S. Air Force Academy, November 2006.  28 p.  (Special Bibliography Series, No. 106).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA474591


Online Journals

Air Force Space Command.  High Frontier Journal
Available online at:  http://www.afspc.af.mil/library/highfrontierjournal.asp

Air University.  Air & Space Power Journal
Available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apje.html

The Space Review:  Essays and Commentary about the Final Frontier
Available online at:  http://www.thespacereview.com/
Devoted to articles, commentary, and reviews regarding all aspects of space exploration:  science, technology, policy, business, and more.

SpaceToday.net:  Space News from Around the Web
Available online at:  http://www.spacetoday.net/
Provides links to space news articles from throughout the web, on topics ranging from astronomy and space science to technology to policy and legislation.  Also provides one-paragraph summaries of current space news.


Organizations

Army Space and Missile Defense Command / Army Forces Strategic Command
Available online at:  http://www.smdc.army.mil/

Dept. of Defense.  Missile Defense Agency.
Available online at:  http://www.mda.mil/mdalink/html/mdalink.html

National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Available online at:  http://www.nasa.gov/home/index.html?skipIntro=1

National Reconnaissance Office
Available online at:  http://www.nro.gov/

National Space Studies Center.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University,
Available online at:  http://space.au.af.mil/
Provides links to reports, articles, doctrinal publications, space organizations, and more.

Naval Network and Space Operations Command
Available online at:  http://www.nnsoc.navy.mil/

Spaceflight Now:  Worldwide Launch Schedule
Available online at:  http://spaceflightnow.com/tracking/index.html
A regularly updated listing of planned missions from spaceports around the globe.  Dates and times are given in Greenwich Mean Time.


U. S. Strategic Command

Available online at:  http://www.stratcom.mil/

United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs
Available online at:  http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/index.html
The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) is the United Nations office responsible for promoting international cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space.


Commercial Space


Internet Resources

Borelli, Carmine and others.  The Space Industry.  Washington, Industrial College of the Armed Forces, 2007.  30 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475093
Argues that U.S. policy should encourage more commercial activity in space, emphasize a more globally cooperative environment, change acquisition methods to emphasize cost control over performance at any cost, and focus government investments on technologies having the greatest impact on the space industry.

FAA Official:  Private Sector Key to Commercial Space Growth.  Satellite News 30:1 December 10, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=27869067&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
According to Patricia Grace Smith, associate administrator in the Office of Commercial Space Transportation for the Federal Aviation Administration, worldwide space revenues grew from $97.6 billion in 1998 to $220 billion in 2006.  She credited much of the growth to investments in the development of private human spaceflight opportunities


Books

Belfiore, Michael P.  Rocketeers:  How a Visionary Band of Business Leaders, Engineers, and Pilots Is Boldly Privatizing Space.  New York, Smithsonian Books, 2007.  305 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0715/2007014987.html
Book call no.:  338.0919 B428r

Commerce in Space:  Infrastructures, Technologies, and Applications, edited by Phillip Olla.  Hershey, PA, Information Science Reference, 2008.  376 p.
Book call no.:  384.51 C734

Handberg, Roger.  International Space Commerce:  Building from Scratch.  Gainesville,  FL, University Press of Florida, 2006.  284 p.
Book call no.:  338.0919 H236i

Hulse, Janie.  China's Expansion Into and U. S. Withdrawal from Argentina's Telecommunications and Space Industries and the Implications for U. S. National Security.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2007.  62 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB806.pdf
Book call no.:  332.67351082 H917c

Jane's Space Systems and Industry, edited by Bill Sweetman.  23rd ed.  Alexandria, VA , Jane’s Information Group, 2007-2008.  487 p.
Commercial Space Services (launch facilities and satellite operators, by country), pp 3-13.
Book call no.:  R 629.405 J331 23rd ed. 2007/2008

Latchford, Stephen.  Strategies for Defeating Commercial Imagery Systems.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Center for Strategy and Technology, Air War College, December 2005.  46 p.  (Occasional Paper No. 39)
Addresses strategies for countering the threat to military operations posed by commercial earth-sensing satellites.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/cst/csat39.pdf
Book call no.:  621.367 L351s


Documents

Wilson, Helene A.  A Scenario-Based Look at the Future of Commercial Space.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2006.  36 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 W7482s


Periodicals

Bini, Antonella.  Export Control of Space Items:  Preserving Europe's Advantage.  Space Policy 23:70-72 May 2007.
The U.S. market share in the commercial satellite-manufacturing sector has declined, and this downturn has given an edge to European manufacturers.

Bures, Frank.  Blast Out of This World.  Wired 14:36-37 August 2006.
Includes a map of the world, with information on the launch of tourism-focused spaceports and noncommercial and/or military spaceports.

Hertzfeld, Henry R.  Globalization, Commercial Space and Spacepower in the USA.  Space Policy 23:210-220 November 2007.
Examines how globalization and commercial space developments have changed the nature of spacepower and suggests that the USA's reactions to these changes have not thus far served it well.

Jurist, John and others.  Low Cost Earth Orbit Access:  A Look at Physics, Economics, and Reality.  Astropolitics 4:295-331 Winter 2006.
Achieving low cost orbital access requires dealing with economic limitations of chemical rockets, lack of business planning, and failure to identify a workable path that will take us from an immature to a mature launch industry.

Launius, Roger D. and Jenkins David R.  Is It Finally Time for Space Tourism?  Astropolitics 4:253-280 Winter 2006.

Morris, Edward M.  The Importance of Space Commerce to National Power.  High Frontier 3:3-6 March 2007.

Rapp, Donald.  Solar Power Beamed from Space.  Astropolitics 5:63-86 January-April 2007.

Sadeh, Eligar.  Viewpoint:  Bureaucratic Politics and the Case of Satellite Export Controls.  Astropolitics 5:289-302 Winter 2007.
Reviews the International Traffic in Arms Regulations, and argues that the export control regime it applies to commercial satellites not only weakens U. S. national security, but also affects commercial space.

Singer, Jeremy.  Commercial Satellite Capacity Could Fill Potential UHF Gap.  Space News International 18:4 October 29, 2007.
Commercial satellite capacity leased from Loral Skynet appears to be the leading candidate to fill a gap in UHF-band mobile satellite communications coverage that some U.S. military leaders fear could materialize within the next three years.

Zelnio, Ryan J.  Whose Jurisdiction Over the US Commercial Satellite Industry?  Factors Affecting International Security and Competition.  Space Policy 23:221-233 November 2007.


International Cooperation


Internet Resources

Graham, Richard V.  United States in Outer Space:  Security Assurance and Preservation.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 2007.  29 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471528
Argues that the current Space Policy is flawed because it excludes multilateral diplomatic space-arms-initiatives and international cooperation, and ignores "common security" of other states.  This one-dimensional and self-fulfilling policy may increase asymmetrical threats to US space assets.  Uses the recent Chinese anti-satellite test to propose a basis for "non-armament treaties" .

Logan, Jeffrey.  China's Space Program:  Options for U.S.-China Cooperation.  Washington, Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, December 14, 2007.  7 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA474952

National Aeronautics and Space Administration.  International Cooperation in Space.  Washington, NASA Headquarters Library, February 2007.  (Program/Project Management Resource List, No. 34).
Available online at:  http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/hqlibrary/ppm/ppm34.htm

United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs
Available online at:  http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/index.html
The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) is the United Nations office responsible for promoting international cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space.


Books

Collective Security in Space:  European Perspectives, edited by John M. Logsdon and others.  Washington, Space Policy Institute, Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, January 2007.  130 p.
Offers edited versions of seven papers on space security issues from leading European space experts and officials, discussed at a May 15-16, 2006, Paris workshop co-hosted by the Paris-based Foundation for Strategic Research (FRS).
Also available online at:  http://www.gwu.edu/~spi/Collective%20Security%20in%20Space%20-%20European%20Perspectives.pdf
Book call no.:  333.94 C697

Peterson, M. J.  International Regimes for the Final Frontier.  Albany, State University of New York Press, 2005.  340 p.
Table of contents is available at:  http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0422/2004019858.html 
Book call no.:  333.94 P485i


Periodicals

Bennett, John T.  Will U. S. "Responsive Space" Concept Go Global?  Defense News 22:4+ June 11, 2007.
Pentagon officials are pushing for approval to begin signing up NATO members to help develop and build a generation of rapidly deployable satellites and rockets.

Correll, Randall R.  U. S.-India Space Partnership:  The Jewel in the Crown.  Astropolitics 4:159-177 Summer 2006.

Hitchens, Theresa.  Debris, Traffic Management, and Weaponization:  Opportunities for and Challenges to Cooperation in Space.  Brown Journal of World Affairs 14:173-186 Fall-Winter 2007.

Hitchens, Theresa.  The Perfect Storm:  International Reaction to the Bush National Space Policy.  High Frontier 3:19-24 March 2007.

Johnson, Dana J.  National Space Policy:  Opportunities and Challenges in Shaping the International Space Regime.  High Frontier 3:50-56 March 2007.

Johnson-Freese, Joan.  A New US-Sino Space Relationship:  Moving Toward Cooperation.  Astropolitics 4:131-158 Summer 2006.

Larrimore, Scott C.  International Space Launch Notification and Data Exchange.  Space Policy 23:172-179 August 2007.

Moltz, James Clay.  The Past, Present, and Future of Space Security.  Brown Journal of World Affairs 14:187-195 Fall-Winter 2007.
This article first examines what worked in international space security cooperation during the cold war and why.  It then considers changes in the technical and political factors affecting current space security.  Finally, it reconsiders the logic of space security cooperation and suggests possible means of overcoming existing problems.

Moltz, James Clay.  Preventing Conflict in Space:  Cooperative Engagement as a Possible U. S. Strategy.  Astropolitics 4:121-129 Summer 2006.

Moltz, James Clay.  Protecting Safe Access to Space:  Lessons from the First 50 Years of Space Security.  Space Policy 23:199-205 November 2007.

Peter, Nicolas.  The EU's Emergent Space Diplomacy.  Space Policy 23:97-107 May 2007.
Even though it is the newest space actor in Europe, the EU is pushing the continent to extend the scope of its partnerships with Russia and China, while at the same time modifying its relations with the traditional European partner, the USA.

Pinkston, Daniel A.  North and South Korean Space Development:  Prospects for Cooperation and Conflict.  Astropolitics 4:207-227 Summer 2006.

Sheldon, John B.  A Really Hard Case:  Iranian Space Ambitions and the Prospects for U. S. Engagement.  Astropolitics 4:229-251 Summer 2006.

Sheldon, John B.  Viewpoint:  Transatlantic Military Space Cooperation:  Addressing the Capabilities Gap.  Astropolitics 3:297-303 Autumn 2005.

Tigner, Brooks.  Space Policy Rises on EU Radar.  Defense News 22:24 May 7, 2007.
The threats of terrorism, organized crime, illegal immigration and global warming are pushing the 27 EU nations to cooperate on space assets and services.

Westlake, Michael.  Space Program Engenders Pride...and Pause.  Aerospace America 44:10-12 July 2006.
Suggests the need for the U.S. to drop its strategy of containment and instead cooperate with China in space exploration.  Also discusses progress in Indian and U.S. cooperation in space-related research.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_July06_AU.pdf

Worley, Robert M.  The New National Space Policy and Air Force Space Command's Role in International Cooperation.  High Frontier 3:7-9 March 2007.

Zaborskiy, Victor.  Space Engagement with Russia and Ukraine:  Preventing Conflicts and Proliferation.  Astropolitics 4:179-206 Summer 2006.


Other Countries' Programs

China | Europe | India | Iran | Israel | Japan | Kazakhstan | Korea, North | Korea, South |Russia |


China

Internet Resources

David, Leonard.  China Moon Probe Readied for Next Year Liftoff.  Space.com  November 29, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/news/061129_china_moonplans.html
China’s unfolding space plans include that country’s first foray into exploration of the Moon.

Logan, Jeffrey.  China's Space Program:  Options for U.S.-China Cooperation.  Washington, Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, December 14, 2007.  7 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA474952

Mulvenon, James.  Rogue Warriors?  A Puzzled Look at China's ASAT Test.  China Leadership Monitor, No. 20 Winter 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.hoover.org/publications/clm/issues/6301437.html
Online journal produced by the Hoover Institution.

Saunders, Phillip C. and Lutes, Charles D.  China's ASAT Test:  Motivations and Implications.  INSS Special Report  Washington, Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, June 2007.  6 p.
Available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/inss/Research/SRjun07.pdf

Schmunk, Matthew M. and Sheets, Michael R.  Challenges in the Multipolar Space-Power Environment.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air University Press, July 2007.  60 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471928
Chapter 2:  China, pp 7-22.

Tellis, Ashley.  Punching the U. S. Military's "Soft Ribs":  China's Antisatellite Weapon Test in Strategic Perspective.  Washington, Carnegie Endowment for World Peace , June 2007.  (Policy brief no. 51).
Available online at:  http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/pb_51_tellis_final.pdf
Challenges the conventional wisdom that China’s antisatellite test (ASAT) was a protest against U.S. space policy, arguing instead that it was part of a loftier strategy to combat U.S. military superiority.


Books

Handberg, Roger and Li, Zhen.  Chinese Space Policy:  A Study in Domestic and International Politics.  New York, Routledge, 2007.  202 p.
Book call no.:  629.40951 H236c

Hulse, Janie.  China's Expansion Into and U. S. Withdrawal from Argentina's Telecommunications and Space Industries and the Implications for U. S. National Security..  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2007.  62 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB806.pdf
Book call no.:  332.67351082 H917c

Jane's Space Systems and Industry, edited by Bill Sweetman.  23rd ed.  Alexandria, VA , Jane’s Information Group, 2007-2008.  487 p.
Information on China includes:  Launch Facilities, pp 17-19; China National Space Administration, p 34; Satellite Operators, p 59; Space Launch Vehicles, pp 118-123; Spacecraft/Communications, pp 182-185; Earth Imaging, pp 247-249; Human, pp 287-290.
Book call no.:  R 629.405 J331 23rd ed. 2007/2008

Johnson-Freese, Joan.  Space as a Strategic Asset.  New York, Colombia University Press, 2007.  304 p.
Chapter 8:  The Ambitions of China, pp 197-232.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip071/2006031631.html
Book call no.:  358.8 J661s

Perspectives on Space Security, edited by John M. Logsdon and Audrey M. Schaffer.  Washington, Space Policy Institute, Security Policy Studies Program, Elliott School of International Affairs, December 2005.  119 p.
Contents include:  China as a Military Space Competitor, by James A. Lewis, pp 91-119.
Also available online at:  http://www.gwu.edu/~spi/PERSPECTIVES_ON_SPACE_SECURITY.pdf
Book call no.:  333.94 P467


Periodicals

Brinton, Turner.  Scholars:  No Proof Chinese A-Sat Test a Threat to US.  Space News International 18:10  November 19, 2007.

Chinese ASAT Test Worrisome, but No Seminal Event, Says Senior Air Force General.  Defense Daily 8:1  February 2, 2007.

Cáceres, Marco.  Russia, China and India Lift Payload Count.  Aerospace America 44:28-30 July 2006.
Discusses the proposed number of payloads that will be launched by Russia, China and India between 2006 and 2015.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_July06_II.pdf

Digregoria, Barry E.  China Reaches for the Red Planet.  IEEE Spectrum 44:15-16 August 2007.
China and Russia have teamed up in an effort to retrieve soil samples from the Phobos moon of the planet Mars.

Fisher, Richard D. Jr.  Space to Manoeuvre:  Satellite Attack Upsets US Space Supremacy.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:62-63 March 2007.

Forden, Geoffrey.  After China's Test:  Time for a Limited Ban on Anti-Satellite Weapons.  Arms Control Today 19-23 April 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1286870291&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Fulghum, David A. and Barrie, Douglas.  Searching for Weakness:  China Hones Electronic and Kinetic Attack.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 166:26-27 April 30, 2007.
China will increasingly develop soft- and hard-kill capabilities for space and cyberspace to offset the weaknesses of its military forces, say U. S. planners.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25534160&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Fulghum, David A. and Butler, Amy.  Reassessing Space:  U. S. Eyes China ASAT Fallout.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 166:27-29 April 30, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25534161&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gill, Bates and Kleiber, Martin.  China's Space Odyssey:  What the Antisatellite Test Reveals about Decision-Making in Beijing.  Foreign Affairs 86:2-6 May-June 2007.
Discusses China's test of an anti-satellite missile system.  Some see the test as a warning to the U.S. military, and others view it as a political move to raise awareness of banning space-based weapons systems.  Author suggests that China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) may have conducted the test without consulting other parts of China's security and foreign policy apparatus.

Hughes, James H.  Chinese Ballistic Missile Developments.  Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies 32:153-161 Summer 2007.
Explores new developments in China, involving the buildup of long-range and theater ballistic missiles, anti-satellite capabilities, and a manned space program.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25939569&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Johnson-Freese, Joan.  A New US-Sino Space Relationship:  Moving Toward Cooperation.  Astropolitics 4:131-158 Summer 2006.

Lieggi, Stephanie and Quam, Erik.  China's ASAT Test and the Strategic Implications of Beijing's Military Space Policy.  Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 19:5-27 Spring 2007.

Metzler, P. Gregory.  China in Space:  Implications for U.S. Military Strategy.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 47:96-98 Fall 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/inss/Press/jfq_pages/editions/i47/22.pdf

Muradian, Vago.  China's Mystery Satellites.  C4ISR Journal 6:42-43 March 2007.
As worldwide attention focuses on China's first successful anti-satellite missile test, U.S. officials are questioning why some Chinese spacecraft are in orbits that bring them close to key U.S. satellites.

Tellis, Ashley.  China's Military Space Strategy.  Survival 49:41-72 Autumn 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0039%2d6338&volume=49&issue=3&spage=41

Xin, Xin.  Outer Space Explorations.  China Today 56:16-19 August 2007.
Focuses on the Kuafu project, an outer space exploration project of China, the purpose of which is to set up a space weather observation system involving three spacecraft, the Kuafu-A, B1 and B2.

Zheng Zhongyang.  The Origins and Development of China's Manned Spaceflight Programme.  Space Policy 23:167-171 August 2007.


Europe

Internet Resources

de Selding, Peter B.  French Government Group Wants Europe to Join 2nd Space Race.  Space News Business Report  February 12, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/spacenews/businessmonday_070212.html
In a report issued Feb. 7, the French Parliamentary Office for the Evaluation of Scientific and Technological Choices made a series of proposals, some of them specific, to reinvigorate Europe’s civil and military space policy.

Schmunk, Matthew M. and Sheets, Michael R.  Challenges in the Multipolar Space-Power Environment.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air University Press, July 2007.  60 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471928
Chapter 3:  European Union, pp 33-42.


Books

Beidleman, Scott W.  GPS versus Galileo:  Balancing for Position in Space.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2006.  80 p.
Investigates Europe’s motives to develop the independent satellite navigation system known as Galileo despite the existence of America’s successful global positioning system (GPS).  Also published in the journal Astropolitics 3:117-161 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://aupress.maxwell.af.mil/CADRE_Papers/PDF_Bin/Beidleman.pdf
Book call no.:  623.893 B422g

Collective Security in Space:  European Perspectives, edited by John M. Logsdon and others.  Washington, Space Policy Institute, Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, January 2007.  130 p.
Edited versions of seven papers on space security issues from leading European space experts and officials, discussed at a May 15-16, 2006, Paris workshop co-hosted by the Paris-based Foundation for Strategic Research (FRS).
Also available online at:  http://www.gwu.edu/~spi/Collective%20Security%20in%20Space%20-%20European%20Perspectives.pdf
Book call no.:  333.94 C697

Jane's Space Systems and Industry, edited by Bill Sweetman.  23rd ed.  Alexandria, VA , Jane’s Information Group, 2007-2008.  487 p.
European Space Agency (ESA), pp 29-32.
Book call no.:  R 629.405 J331 23rd ed. 2007/2008

Johnson-Freese, Joan.  Space as a Strategic Asset.  New York, Colombia University Press, 2007.  304 p.
Chapter 7:  The Ambitions of Europe, pp 169-196.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip071/2006031631.html
Book call no.:  358.8 J661s

Perspectives on Space Security, edited by John M. Logsdon and Audrey M. Schaffer.  Washington, Space Policy Institute, Security Policy Studies Program, Elliott School of International Affairs, December 2005.  119 p.
Contents include:  Enhancing Space Security in the Post Cold War Era:  What Contribution from Europe?, by Xavier Pasco, pp 51-77 and Space Security:  A Non-US Point of View, by Bertrand de Montluc, pp 79-90.
Also available online at:  http://www.gwu.edu/~spi/PERSPECTIVES_ON_SPACE_SECURITY.pdf
Book call no.:  333.94 P467


Periodicals

de Selding, Peter B.  European Officials Approve Revamped Galileo Program.  Space News International 18:6 December 3, 2007.

de Selding, Peter B.  France Sets Its Sights on an Operational Elint System.  Space News International 18:6 June 18, 2007.

de Selding, Peter B.  Six European Nations Eye Space-Based Reconnaissance Systems.  Space News International 18:4 June 11, 2007.

Gleason, Michael P.  European Union Space Initiatives:  The Political Will for Increasing European Space Power.  Astropolitics 4:7-41 Spring 2006.
Discusses the catalysts driving EU space initiatives, and assesses the EU's nascent European Space Policy and European Space Program, and EU organization and funding for space.

la Faveur, Sebastien Matte.  The Interest and Opposition of the French Military in Satellite Reconnaissance for France:  A Talk with a General Officer of the French Forces.  Space Chronicle 59:(Supplement 1) pp 38-45 2006.
Includes a chronology of French military missile and space activities, 1946-2004.

Madders, Kevin.  Carpe Diem:  Europe Must Make a Genuine Space Policy Now.  Space Policy 23:7-12 February 2007.

Mahon, Tim.  Space Spin:  Europe Struggles with Galileo SatNav Questions.  C4ISR Journal 6:40-41 August 2007.

Peter, Nicholas.  Space and Security:  The Emerging Role of Europe.  Astropolitics 3:265-296 Autumn 2005.

Peter, Nicolas.  The EU's Emergent Space Diplomacy.  Space Policy 23:97-107 May 2007.
Even though it is the newest space actor in Europe, the EU is pushing the continent to extend the scope of its partnerships with Russia and China, while at the same time modifying its relations with the traditional European partner, the USA.

Pisano, Marco.  Moving Europe Towards a More Effective Procurement of Space-Based Assets.  Space Policy 22:176-184 August 2006.
Explores the present European institutional environment and the interaction between different actors involved in space procurement and suggests the establishment of a permanent advisory forum, in order to centralize various requirements at European level and procure space assets more efficiently.

Sweet, William.  No Payoff for Galileo Navigation System.  IEEE Spectrum 45:48-49 January 2008.

Tigner, Brooks.  Space Policy Rises on EU Radar.  Defense News 22:24 May 7, 2007.
The threats of terrorism, organized crime, illegal immigration and global warming are pushing the EU nations to cooperate on space assets and services.


India

Internet Resources

Jayaraman, K. S.  India's Space Agency Proposes Manned Spaceflight Program.  Space.com.  November 10, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/news/061110_india_mannedspace.html

Sappenfield, Mark.  India Raises the Ante on Its Space Program.  Christian Science Monitor 99:6 January 11, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23651119&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Schmunk, Matthew M. and Sheets, Michael R.  Challenges in the Multipolar Space-Power Environment.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air University Press, July 2007.  60 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471928
Chapter 3:  India, pp 23-31

Singh, Seema.  India Shoots for the Moon.  IEEE Spectrum 43:16 December 2006.
Focuses on the improvement of the satellite launch business in India.


Books

Jane's Space Systems and Industry, edited by Bill Sweetman.  23rd ed.  Alexandria, VA , Jane’s Information Group, 2007-2008.  487 p.
Information on India includes:  Launch Facilities, p 19; Indian Space Research Organisation, p 35; Satellite Operators, p 59; Space Launch Vehicles, pp 123-126; Spacecraft/Communications, pp 187-189; Earth Imaging, pp 252-253.
Book call no.:  R 629.405 J331 23rd ed. 2007/2008


Periodicals

Bagla, Pallava.  India Inches Closer to Crewed Space Flight.  Science 315:445 January 26, 2007.

Correll, Randall R.  U. S. - India Space Partnership:  The Jewel in the Crown.  Astropolitics 4:159-177 Summer 2006.

Cáceres, Marco.  Russia, China and India Lift Payload Count.  Aerospace America 44:28-30 July 2006.
Discusses the proposed number of payloads that will be launched by Russia, China and India between 2006 and 2015.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_July06_II.pdf

First Commercial Success for India's PSLV.  Interavia Business & Technology 688:41 Summer 2007.
About the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, which has emerged as the workhorse launch vehicle of the Indian Space Research Organization.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=25552163&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Iran

Internet Resource

Karimi, Nasser.  Iran Announces Successful Rocket Launch.  Space.com  February 25, 2007.
Iran has successfully tested a rocket that went into space, apparently part of its drive to launch five satellites into orbit by 2010.  Iran hopes to launch four more satellites by 2010, the government has said, to increase the number of land and mobile telephone lines to 80 million from 22 million and expand the number of Internet users to 35 million from 5.5 million in the next five years.
Also available online at:  http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/ap_070225_iran_rocket.html


Periodicals

Blanche, Ed.  Iran Eyes "The High Ground".  Middle East  No. 377:22-23 April 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=24623062&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Covault, Craig.  Iran's Sputnik:  Tehran Looks Poised to Try Satellite Launch with Long-Range Missile Implications.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 166:24 January 29, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24225423&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sheldon, John B.  A Really Hard Case:  Iranian Space Ambitions and the Prospects for U. S. Engagement.  Astropolitics 4:229-251 Summer 2006.


Israel

Books

Jane's Space Systems and Industry, edited by Bill Sweetman.  23rd ed.  Alexandria, VA , Jane’s Information Group, 2007-2008.  487 p.
Information on Israel includes:  Space Launch Vehicles (Orbital), pp 134-135; Spacecraft/Communications, pp 206-207; Defence, pp 241-242; Spacecraft (Scientific), p 325.
Book call no.:  R 629.405 J331 23rd ed. 2007/2008


Periodicals

JBen-David, Alon.  Ofeq-7 Bolsters Israel's Intelligence Coverage.  Jane's Defence Weekly 44:17 June 20, 2007.
Reports on Israel's launch of its Ofeq-7 surveillance satellite on June 11, 2007.

Opall-Rome, Barbara.  Israel to Greatly Expand Space Capabilities.  Defense News 22:29 June 11, 2007.

Wall, Robert and Fulghum, David.  Space to Grow:  Israel Sets Its Sights on New Launcher and Microsatellites to Counter Regional Threats.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 167:69 December 3, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28089036&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Japan

Internet Resources

Freire, Carl.  Japan Launches Its 4th Spy Satellite.  Space.com  February 24, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/070224_ap_h2a_launch.html
Japan launched its fourth spy satellite on February 24, completing its capabilities to monitor activities worldwide and bolstering its ability to observe neighboring North Korea's nuclear program.

Oberg, James.  Japan on the Move.  Astronomy 35:26 August 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25586603&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Talmadge, Eric.  Japan Establishes Spy Satellite Network.  Space.com  February 24, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/news/070227_ap_japan_satellite.html
The successful launch on February 24 of the last of a fleet of four reconnaissance satellites significantly boosts Japan's ability to gather independent intelligence and re-establishes Tokyo as a major player in Asia's accelerating space race.


Books

Berner, Steven.  Japan's Space Program:  A Fork in the Road?  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corporation, 2005.  37 p.
Book call no.:  629.40952 B525j

Jane's Space Systems and Industry, edited by Bill Sweetman.  23rd ed.  Alexandria, VA , Jane’s Information Group, 2007-2008.  487 p.
Information on Japan includes:  Launch Facilities, pp 22-23; National Agencies p 36-37; Civil Space Organisations, pp 51; Satellite Operators, p 62; Space Launch Vehicles (Orbital), pp 135-136; Spacecraft/Communications, pp 207-211.
Book call no.:  R 629.405 J331 23rd ed. 2007/2008


Periodicals

Perrett, Bradley and others.  First Wave:  Launch of Japan's Selene Mission to Restart Intensive Lunar Science.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 167:46-48 July 30, 2007.
The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) gears up to launch the most complex mission to the Moon in decades, the first in an international constellation of lunar orbiters.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26327290&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Suzuki, Kazuto.  Transforming Japan's Space Policy-Making.  Space Policy 23:73-80 May 2007.


Kazakhstan

Internet Resource

Clark, Stephen.  Kazakhstan Reaches Space in First Satellite Launch.  Space.com  June 19, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/sfn_060619_proton_kazak1.html


Periodicals

Omarova, Gulnara.  Kazakhstan's Space Policy in a Changing National and Global Context.  Space Policy 22:200-204 August 2006.
In the wake of its transition to a market economy and the political and social reforms that have accompanied this, Kazakhstan—home to the renowned Baikonur space complex—is experiencing greater demand for space services.  Author reports on the main features of the country's current space program and analyzes Kazakhstan's space policy.

Siegel, Jonas.  Space:  Out to Launch.  Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 63:11-14 March-April 2007.
Discusses Kazakhstan's plans to develop its own national space industry, and plans to build new launch and tracking facilities and communication satellites.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24825485&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Korea, North

Periodicals

Oberg, James.  North Korea's Phantom Space Program  Astronomy 36:20 February 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28048555&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Pinkston, Daniel A.  North and South Korean Space Development:  Prospects for Cooperation and Conflict.  Astropolitics 4:207-227 Summer 2006.


Korea, South

Internet Resources

Choi He-suk.  Korea Accelerates Space Program:  Science Ministry Vows to Turn Korea into a Global Space Leader by 2015.  Korea Herald  January 15, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/dbases.htm#l  
Available to Air University students through the Lexis-Nexis database; scroll down for access.

Clark, Stephen.  South Korean Satellite Launched to Serve Dual Purpose.  Spaceflight Now
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/sfn_060822_koreasat_launch.html
South Korea's first dual-use commercial and military communications satellite is now in space after a successful blastoff from a floating platform in the central Pacific Ocean.  With the new satellite, South Korea's military will have a dedicated system to offer a secure route for critical communications throughout the armed forces.

South Korea Picks Its First Astronaut.  BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political  September 5, 2007 .
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/dbases.htm#l
Available to Air University students through the Lexis-Nexis database; scroll down for access.


Books

Jane's Space Systems and Industry, edited by Bill Sweetman.  23rd ed.  Alexandria, VA , Jane’s Information Group, 2007-2008.  487 p.
Korea (South), Koreastat (Mugunghua) series, page 211.
Book call no.:  R 629.405 J331 23rd ed. 2007/2008


Periodicals

Hwang, Chin Young.  Space Activities in Korea:  History, Current Programs and Future Plans.  Space Policy 22:194-199 August 2006.
Korea has participated in space development only since the 1990s.  Despite its short history, Korea has been increasing its technological capabilities with the successful experience of several national projects.  The Korean government established a long-term space development plan in 1996, which suggests a clear way forward for space development up to 2015.

Jung Sung-Ki.  South Korean Center to Boost Space Ambitions.  Defense News 22:30 June 18, 2007.
South Korea is preparing to open the Naro Space Center in Goheung to launch satellites and rockets that are built using indigenous technology. The facility has a main control center, a radar-tracking station and a rocket-assembly and booster-test facilities.

Pinkston, Daniel A.  North and South Korean Space Development:  Prospects for Cooperation and Conflict.  Astropolitics 4:207-227 Summer 2006.


Russia

Books

Collective Security in Space:  European Perspectives, edited by John M. Logsdon and others.  Washington, Space Policy Institute, Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, January 2007.  130 p.
Russian Perspectives on Space Security, by Victor Mizin, pp 75-108.
Volume includes edited versions of seven papers on space security issues from leading European space experts and officials, discussed at a May 15-16, 2006, Paris workshop co-hosted by the Paris-based Foundation for Strategic Research (FRS).
Also available online at:  http://www.gwu.edu/~spi/Collective%20Security%20in%20Space%20-%20European%20Perspectives.pdf
Book call no.:  333.94 C697

Jane's Space Systems and Industry, edited by Bill Sweetman.  23rd ed.  Alexandria, VA , Jane’s Information Group, 2007-2008.  487 p.
Information on Russia includes:  Launch Facilities, pp 23-24; Russian Space Agency, p 38; Research and Development, p 52; Bases, p 67; Space Launch Vehicles, pp 136-146; Spacecraft/Communications, pp 213-217; Earth Imaging, pp 261-264; Human, pp 294-296.
Book call no.:  R 629.405 J331 23rd ed. 2007/2008


Periodicals

Cáceres, Marco.  Russia, China and India Lift Payload Count.  Aerospace America 44:28-30 July 2006.
Discusses the proposed number of payloads that will be launched by Russia, China and India between 2006 and 2015.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_July06_II.pdf

Digregoria, Barry E.  China Reaches for the Red Planet.  IEEE Spectrum 44:15-16 August 2007.
China and Russia have teamed up in an effort to retrieve soil samples from the Phobos moon of the planet Mars.

Komarov, Alexey.  Red Stars:  Moscow Plans to Increase Satcom to Meet Growing Domestic, International Demand.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 166:43 May 28, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25534102&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Oberg, James.  Parom:  Russia's Response to a Retiring Shuttle Fleet.  Ad Astra 19:18-19 Spring 2007.
As NASA moves to retire the shuttle fleet, Russia takes a serious look at creating a new workhorse for low earth orbit.

Zaborskiy, Victor.  Space Engagement with Russia and Ukraine:  Preventing Conflicts and Proliferation.  Astropolitics 4:179-206 Summer 2006.


Satellite Applications

General Information| Communications| Earth Observation| Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance | Microsatellites|   Missile Warning| Navigation|


General Information

Internet Resources

Huntington, Joseph.  Improving Satellite Protection with Nanotechnology.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Center for Strategy and Technology, Air War College, December 2007.  22 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA474825
While the US has enjoyed an historic advantage in space and the USAF has had the luxury of operating relatively unimpeded in this medium, the nation has become vulnerable to threats that could damage or disable its vital satellite constellations.  This paper examines the threat to satellites posed by ground-based directed-energy weapons.

Santos, Michel and Shapiro, Benjamin.  Improving the Coverage of Earth Targets by Maneuvering Satellite Constellations.  College Park, MD, Dept of Aerospace Engineering, University of Maryland, August 2007.  9 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA472910
This research mainly addressed maneuvering existing satellite constellations in order to improve coverage of multiple targets over a time span of 30 to 120 days, and identified a direct relationship between a satellite's orbital geometry and the coverage provided by that satellite.

Singer, Jeremy.  US Military Sees Promise in Faster, Cheaper Tacsats.  Space.com  August 16, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/businesstechnology/060816_tacsats.html

Sirak, Michael.  Air Force Mulls Path Ahead for Protecting Satellites.  Satellite News September 25, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1341404331&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD


Books

Harland, David M. and Lorenz, Ralph D.  Space Systems Failures:  Disasters and Rescues of Satellites, Rockets and Space Probes.  Berlin, Springer, 2005.  368 p.
Book call no.:  363.124 H283s

Space Systems Forecast. Satellites and Spacecraft.  Newtown, CT, Forecast International/DMS, [2006] -.  1 v. (loose-leaf)
Book call no.:  R 338.476294 S7322


Periodicals

Allen, Ned.  Opportunities in Near Space.  Aerospace America 45:26-31 September 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/SEPT2007_Viewpoint3.pdf

Caceres, Marco.  New Blood Fuels the Satellite Market.  Aerospace America 45:16-18 October 2007.
The pace in the number of satellites being launched to Earth orbit in 2007 was faster than it had been for at least the previous ten years.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/OCT2007_Industry%20Insights.pdf

Fabey, Michael.  Space Conundrum:  The US Military Quest for More Useful but Cheaper Space Assets Poses Tough Challenge.  C4ISR Journal 5:35-36 June 2006.

Macauley, Molly K. and Shih, Jhih-Shyang.  Satellite Solar Power:  Renewed Interest in an Age of Climate Change.  Space Policy 23:108-120 May 2007.

Major Military Satellite Systems.  Air Force Magazine 90:87-89 August 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.afa.org/magazine/aug2007/0807space.pdf

Miller, Eric and others.  Small Satellite Multi-Mission Command and Control for Maximum Effect.  High Frontier 3:58-64 November 2006.

Sadeh, Eligar.  Viewpoint:  Bureaucratic Politics and the Case of Satellite Export Controls.  Astropolitics 5:289-302 Winter 2007.
Reviews the International Traffic in Arms Regulations, and argues that the export control regime it applies to commercial satellites not only weakens U. S. national security, but also affects commercial space.

Singer, Jeremy.  Bandwidth Breakthrough:  A New Generation of Spacecraft Will Revolutionize Military Communications.  Air Force Magazine 90:76-79 March 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.afa.org/magazine/march2007/0307breakthrough.asp


Communications

Internet Resource

Boseman, John F.  Feasibility of a Dynamic Data Rate Satellite Link for Inmarsat.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2007.  111 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA469902


Books

Gompert, David C. and others.  Extending the User's Reach:  Responsive Networking for Integrated Military Operations.  Washington, National Defense University, Center for Technology and National Security Policy, 2006.  71 p.
With such programs as Global Information Grid Bandwidth Expansion (GIG-BE), Transformational Satellite Communications Systems (TSAT), Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS), and Net Centric Enterprise Services (NCES), DOD is creating a global information backbone and striving to get useful bandwidth and information services to the warfighter.
Also available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/ctnsp/Def_Tech/DTP%2024%20Extending%20User%20Reach.pdf
Book call no.:  355.85 G634e

McKinney, Maurice M.  Transformational Satellite (TSAT) Communications Systems:  Falling Short on Delivering Advanced Capabilities and Bandwidth to Ground-Based Users.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, July 2007.  26 p.
Also available online at:  http://aupress.maxwell.af.mil/Wright_Flyers/Text/wf27.pdf
Book call no.:  355.85 M125r


Documents

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  DoD Is Making Progress in Adopting Best Practices for the Transformational Satellite Communications Sytsem and Space Radar But Still Faces Challenges.  Washington, United States Government Accountability Office, August 2, 2007.  62 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d071029r.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.07-1029R

Woods, William T.  Department of Defense Actions to Modify Its Commercial Communications Satellite Services Procurement Process.   Washington, U.S. Government Accountability Office, April 17, 2006.  7 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06480r.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no.06-480R


Periodicals

Divis, Dee Ann.  US Pushes the Boundaries in Race to Revolutionise Comms in Space.  Jane's International Defence Review 40:72-75 September 2007.
"Super satellites" are set to become the backbone of a US military vision to create the Global Information Grid.

Iannotta, Ben.  A Bigger Pipeline:  Wideband Global Satcom Heralds New Era of U. S. Air Force Communications.  C4ISR Journal 7:20-22 January-February 2008.

Iannotta, Ben.  Playing It Safe:  TSAT (transformational satellite communications system) Puts Premium on Tried-and-Tested Technologies.  C4ISR Journal 6:26+ August 2007.

Iannotta, Ben.  Slipping into Silence:  Satellite Program Delay Has Milstar Communications Users Holding Their Breath.  C4ISR Journal 6:34-36 October 2007.

Jakhu, Ram.  Legal Issues of Satellite Telecommunications, the Geostationary Orbit, and Space Debris.  Astropolitics 5:173-208 May-August 2007.

Kenyon, Henry S.  Atmospheric Radio May Save Satellite Bandwidth:  High-Speed Troposcatter System Offers Alternative to Costly Uplinks.  Signal 61:93-96 June 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1304264861&sid=4&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Singer, Jeremy.  Commercial Satellite Capacity Could Fill Potential UHF Gap.  Space News International 18:4 October 29, 2007.
Commercial satellite capacity leased from Loral Skynet appears to be the leading candidate to fill a gap in UHF-band mobile satellite communications coverage that some U.S. military leaders fear could materialize within the next three years.

Skinner, Tony.  Briefing:  Global Information Grid.   Jane's Defence Weekly 43:24-26+ October 25, 2006.


Earth Observation

Periodicals

Berger, Brian.  NASA Moves Terra Satellites to Avoid Debris Caused by Chinese A-Sat Test.  Space News International 18:1 July 9, 2007.

Iannotta, Ben.  GEOSS:  A Global View.  Aerospace America 45:36-40 August 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/IANNOTTA_August2007.pdf


Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance

Internet Resources

Didier, Christopher J.  A Commercial Architecture for Satellite Imagery.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2006.  105 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA457000
Explores the possibility of an alternative for government-developed satellites which produce high resolution imagery.  Focuses on the concept of the U.S. government purchasing proven and successful commercial satellites with minimal non-recurring engineering costs to help augment current national systems.

Knight, Anthony G. and Luck, Aaron B.  Tactical Space:  Beyond Line of Sight Alternatives for the Army and Marine Corps Ground Tactical Warfighter.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2007.  164 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473940
As areas of operations become larger in modern conflicts, and distributed operations become more the norm, deficits in the tactical warfighter's ability to conduct beyond line of sight (BLOS) communications, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance , blue force tracking and situational awareness, and position, navigation, and timing (PNT) become more noticeable and dangerous.  Author reviews the BLOS requirements of the tactical warfighter, identifies the current and future deficits in each area, and identifies emerging areas of support.


Books

Latchford, Stephen.  Strategies for Defeating Commercial Imagery Systems.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Center for Strategy and Technology, Air War College, December 2005.  46 p.  (Occasional Paper No. 39)
Addresses strategies for countering the threat to military operations posed by commercial earth-sensing satellites.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/cst/csat39.pdf
Book call no.:  621.367 L351s

Oldenburg, James A.  Fighting the War above Iraq:  Employing Space Forces to Defeat an Insurgency.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air Command and Staff College, May 2007.  40 p.  (Wright Flyer Paper No. 24)
Argues that in Operation Iraqi Freedom, and other counterinsurgency operations, space forces will not be "war winners" but can provide crucial support.  Specifically, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities can help isolate the battlespace.  These systems can also enhance the ability to combat fielded rebels through surveillance, reconnaissance, and communications.  Finally, the effects space forces generate can support the government and help strengthen its ability to solve the insurgents’ cause.
Book call no.:  956.70443 O44f

United States.  Congressional Budget Office.  Alternatives for Military Space Radar.  Washington, Congressional Budget Office, [2007].  65 p.
A new radar satellite—known as Space Radar—is being developed to complement the military’s existing reconnaissance systems.  The Integrated Program Office (IPO) for the Space Radar program proposes to begin fielding a constellation of those satellites in about 2015 to perform reconnaissance and surveillance missions and to gather geospatial data.
Also available online at:  http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdoc.cfm?index=7691&type=1
Book call no.:  358.80973 P857a


Documents

Knoedler, Andrew J.  Increasing C3ISR Persistence by Lowering the Ultimate High Ground:  Using Near Space Vehicles in the Pursuit of Persistent C3ISR.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2005.  38 leaves.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA463909
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 K72i


Periodicals

Croft, John.  Stealth Satellites:  Cold War Myth or Operational Reality?  C4ISR Journal 5:37-38 October 2006.

Day, Dwayne.  Relay in the Sky:  The Satellite Data System.  Space Chronicle 59:Supplement 1, pp 56-62 2006.
One of the key developments in real-time satellite reconnaissance was the Satellite Data System, or SDS.  The SDS is a constellation of communications satellites placed in highly-elliptical, highly-inclined orbits that relay imagery from low-altitude reconnaissance satellites back to the United States.

Iannotta, Ben.  Space Radar.  C4ISR Journal 6:16-18 April 2007.

Iannotta, Ben.  Space Radar:  A Look Inside the Pentagon's Battle for Program Control.  Defense News 22:30 April 9, 2007.
Proposed Space Radar satellites would bounce cloud-piercing radar signals off the ground, yielding detailed day-or-night images and tracking mobile targets.  But the Air Force and the intelligence community are wrestling for control of the program, and the outcome will affect the cost, capabilities, and ultimately, the operational control of the system.

Iannotta, Ben.  Tiny TacSats:  Small Spy Satellites on the Way for Combat Commanders.  C4ISR Journal 6:44-45 June 2007.

Kennedy, Robert G. III.  Memoir of a Fly on the Wall:  Post-Cold War Conversion in Commercial Remote Sensing.  Space Chronicle 59:Supplement 1, pp 29-37 2006.
In 1994, the Clinton administration promulgated Presidential Decision Directive 23, the new "post-Cold War Commercial Remote Sensing Policy."  The evolution of PDD-23 was driven by high-profile Congressional hearings earlier that year, which featured the commercial availability of high-resolution imagery from former Soviet military photoreconnaissance satellites.

la Faveur, Sebastien Matte.  The Interest and Opposition of the French Military in Satellite Reconnaissance for France:  A Talk with a General Officer of the French Forces.  Space Chronicle 59:Supplement 1, pp 38-45 2006.
Includes a chronology of French military missile and space activities, 1946-2004.

Nardon, Laurence.  Cold War Space Policy and Observation Satellites.  Astropolitics 5:29-62 January-April 2007.

Natural Disasters and the Role of Satellite Remote Sensing -- Economic and Legal Considerations:  The Tunis II Declaration.  Space Policy 22:214-215 August 2006.

Sweetman, Bill.  Spatial Awareness:  Satellite Imaging Systems Span the Globe.  Jane's International Defence Review 40:45-46+ May 2007.


Microsatellites

Internet Resources

David, Leonard.  The Smallsat Search for Low-Cost Launch.  Space News Business Report  August 14, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/spacenews/businessmonday_060814.html
The building and exploitation of small satellites makes possible a diverse set of missions to satisfy academic, scientific, military and commercial needs.  However, the U.S. community that develops small satellites faces a perennial shortcoming of reliable, low-cost launchers — a long-term situation that stymies smallsat evolution and wider adoption of the technology.

Erdner, Matthew T.  Smaller Satellite Operations Near Geostationary Orbit.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2007.  241 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473966
With the ongoing miniaturization of components, the utility of smaller satellites is increasing.  This paper looks at the ability to build and operate smaller satellites with current technology to perform covert Space Control and Space Situational Awareness missions near geostationary orbit.

Williams, Trevor W.  Nanosatellite Demonstration of Multi-Functional Space Systems.  Cinncinnati, OH,  Cinncinnati University, Department of Aerospace Engineering, March 2007.  33 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475277


Periodicals

Caceres, Marco.  A Sputtering Market for Nanosats and Picosats.  Aerospace America 44:16-18 November 2006.
The satellite and launch services industry has been seeing a boom in the number of nanosatellites and picosatellites being built and launched.  However, lack of momentum and exposure could undermine their development.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_Nov06_II.pdf

DARPA Eyes Mini Satellites for Rapid Launch to Protect Other Spacecraft.  Defense Daily 235:29 August 17, 2007.
Tiny Independent Coordinated Spacecraft (TICS) would weigh about ten pounds and be fired into space within hours of the go-ahead on small-sized boosters roughly the size of the AIM-7 Sparrow or High-Speed Anti-Radiation Missile.

Flinn, Edward D.  Microscopic Radiators Fly on Satellites' "Skin".  Aerospace America 44:24-25 August 2006.
Reports on microscopic radiators, called variable emittance (Vari-E) coatings for thermal control, that are attached to the skin of a Space Technology 5 microsatellite that was launched by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_Aug06_EN.pdf

Iannotta, Ben.  Tiny TacSats:  Small Spy Satellites on the Way for Combat Commanders.  C4ISR Journal 6:44-45 June 2007.

Singer, Jeremy.  DARPA Eyes Using Tiny Satellite Clusters to Defend Spacecraft.  Space News International 18:14 December 3, 2007.

Singer, Jeremy.  USAF Sees Limits to Smallsat Use.  Space News International 18:12 August 13, 2007.


Missile Warning

Periodicals

Iannotta, Ben.  SBIRS Returns:  Is America's Missile Warning Network Back on Track?  C4ISR Journal 6:26-27 July 2007.

Singer, Jeremy.  DoD Mulls Missile Warning Options Amid Latest Travails with SBIRS.  Space News International 18:1+ October 8, 2007.
Sandia National Laboratory is exploring the feasibility of building and launching a missile warning satellite relatively quickly to plug any gaps in coverage that could open up in the coming years.


Navigation

Books

Snyder, Don and others.  Sustaining Air Force Space Systems:  A Model for the Global Positioning System.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2007.  47 p.
Outlines criteria for analyzing how sustainment investments affect the operational performance of space systems, focusing on the Global Positioning System.
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2007/RAND_MG525.pdf
Book call no.:  358.88 S964


Periodicals

Crews, Mark C.  Global Positioning System:  International Challenges and Opportunities in the 21st Century.  High Frontier 3:37-41 March 2007.

Singer, Jeremy.  Boutelle:  More Security Needed for Blue Force Tracking Data.  Space News International 18:18 April 9, 2007.
The Army's chief information officer wants the Pentagon to tighten the security of the satellite navigation information that troops have been increasingly transmitting and receiving in recent years.

Sweet, William.  No Payoff for Galileo Navigation System.  IEEE Spectrum 45:48-49 January 2008.


Space Control and Counterspace


Internet Resources

Hanson, David G.  Offensive Counter Space Operations:  Capabilities, Command, and Considerations.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2007.  28 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA470852

Morgan, Dewitt and Goldizen, Derrill.  Space Power:  A Critical Strength and a Critical Vulnerability of the US Military.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, May 2007.  31 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA470836
Iraq's 2003 counterspace operations provide proof positive the unchallenged space superiority the US military has enjoyed since Desert Storm can no longer be taken for granted.  The US' disproportionate dependence on highly vulnerable space systems provides its enemies an opportunity to degrade the effectiveness of American forces that they are increasingly capable of exploiting.


Books

Perspectives on Space Security, edited by John M. Logsdon and Audrey M. Schaffer.  Washington, Space Policy Institute, Security Policy Studies Program, Elliott School of International Affairs, December 2005.  119 p.
Contents include:  Towards a Reconsideration of the Rules for Space Security, by Nancy Gallagher, pp 1-50 and Space Superiority, by Robert Dickman, pp 69-77.
Also available online at:  http://www.gwu.edu/~spi/PERSPECTIVES_ON_SPACE_SECURITY.pdf
Book call no.:  333.94 P467


Document

Fredriksson, Brian E.  Globalness:  Toward a Space Power Theory.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, 2006.  73 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1a F852g


Periodicals

Butler, Amy.  Mil$pace:  Fiscal 2008 Plan Lacks Major Space Control Efforts.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 166:26 February 12, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24589389&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Everett, Terry.  Arguing for a Comprehensive Space Protection Strategy.  Strategic Studies Quarterly 1:20-35 Fall 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/ssq/2007/Fall/Everett.pdf

Tirpak, John A.  Space and Counterspace.  Air Force Magazine 89:42-46 June 2006.
Also available online at:  http://www.afa.org/magazine/June2006/0606space.asp


Space Debris


Internet Resources

de Selding, Peter.  Orbital Debris a Growing Problem with No End in Sight.  Space News Business Report July 31, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/spacenews/060731_businessmonday.html
The proliferation of garbage in low Earth orbit has reached a point where it will increase in the coming decades even if all rocket launches were canceled starting now, according to research by NASA’s Johnson Space Center.


Book

Williamson, Mark.  Space:  The Fragile Frontier.  Reston, VA, American Institute of Aeronautical, 2006.  319 p.
Author notes that given the amount of debris circling the earth, some of the more useful orbits could become unavailable.  He describes space as its own environment with its own legal and ethical dimensions, and makes a case for considering new space law treaties.
Book call no.:  629.416 W731s


Periodicals

Berger, Brian.  NASA Moves Terra Satellites to Avoid Debris Caused by Chinese A-Sat Test.  Space News International 18:1 July 9, 2007.

Campbell, Jonathan W.  Clear Skies:  Understanding the Orbital Debris Problem and Its Possible Solutions.  Ad Astra 19:32-34 Summer 2007.

Hitchens, Theresa.  Debris, Traffic Management, and Weaponization:  Opportunities for and Challenges to Cooperation in Space.  Brown Journal of World Affairs 14:173-186 Fall-Winter 2007.

Jakhu, Ram.  Legal Issues of Satellite Telecommunications, the Geostationary Orbit, and Space Debris.  Astropolitics 5:173-208 May-August 2007.


Space Education


Internet Resources

Fact Sheet:  National Security Space Institute
Available online at:  http://www.peterson.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=4933
The National Security Space Institute is the Department of Defense's single focal point for space education and training, complementing existing space education programs at Air University, the Naval Postgraduate School and the Air Force Institute of Technology.


Document

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Defense Space Activities:  Management Actions Are Needed to Better Identify, Track, and Train Air Force Space Personnel.  Washington, Government Accountability Office, September 2006.  60 p.
Available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06908.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 41026-173 no. 06-908


Periodicals

France, Martin E. B. and others.  US Air Force Academy Department of Astronautics Space Programs.  High Frontier 3:56-62 August 2007.

Malasavage, Theresa.  The Space Professional Functional Authority Advisory Council.  High Frontier 4:59-61 November 2007.

Putman, Christopher.  Your United States Air Force Weapons School.  High Frontier 4:42-47 November 2007.
Includes discussion of the Space Weapons Instructor Course (WIC).

Rhoades, Mark M. and Welch, William Joseph.  Naval Postgraduate School:  Committed and Prepared to Support the Space Cadre.  High Frontier 4:39-41 November 2007.

Tremaine, Robert L.  Delivering Acquisition Training to the Space Professional Community.  Defense AT&L 35:59-61 March-April 2006.

Webber, Richard E.  In Search of a Space Culture.  High Frontier 4:14-16 November 2007.
Includes a brief discussion of space education and professional development.


Space Exploration


Books

Belbruno, Edward.  Fly Me to the Moon:  An Insider's Guide to the New Science of Space Travel.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2007.  148 p.
Book call no.:  629.4111 B426f

Collins, Martin J.  After Sputnik:  50 Years of the Space Age.  New York, Smithsonian Books/Collins, 2007.  256 p.
Tells the story of the first half century of space exploration through 140 objects selected from the holdings of the National Air and Space Museum.
Book call no.:  629.409 A258

French, Francis and Burgess, Colin.  Into the Silent Sea:  Trailblazers of the Space Era, 1961-1965.  Lincoln, NE, University of Nebraska Press, 2007.  397 p.
Book call no.:  629.4500922 F873i

Hardesty, Von and Eisman, Gene.  Epic Rivalry:  The Inside Story of the Soviet and American Space Race.  Washington, DC, National Geographic, 2007.  275 p.
Book call no.:  629.409 H259e

Harland, David M.  The First Men on the Moon:  The Story of Apollo 11.  New York, Springer, 2007.  p
Book call no.:  629.454 H283f

Hogan, Thor.  Mars Wars:  The Rise and Fall of the Space Exploration Initiative.  Washington, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, History Division, August 2007.  188 p.
Table of contents is available at:  http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0712/2007008987.html
Book call no.:  629.45530973 H714m

Kevles, Bettyann Holtzmann.  Almost Heaven:  The Story of Women in Space.  Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2006.  280 p.
Book call no.:  629.450092 K43a 2006

Lipartito, Kenneth and Butler, Orville R.  A History of the Kennedy Space Center.  Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2007.  478 p.
Book call no.:  387.8 L764h

Mackowski, Maura Phillips.  Testing the Limits:  Aviation Medicine and the Origins of Manned Space Flight.  College Station, TX, Texas A&M University Press, 2006.  289 p.  (Centennial of flight series, no. 15)
Book call no.:  616.980213 M159t

Matloff, Gregory L.  Deep-Space Probes:  To the Outer Solar System and Beyond.  2nd ed.  Berlin, Springer, 2005.  242 p.
Book call no.:  629.4354 M433d

National Research Council (U.S.).  Task Group for the Evaluation of NASA's Biotechnology Facility for the International Space Station.  Future Biotechnology Research on the International Space Station.  Washington, National Academy Press, 2000.  69 p.
Book call no.:  660.6 F996

Orloff, Richard W. and Harland, David M.  Apollo:  The Definitive Sourcebook .  Berlin, Springer, 2006.  633 p.
Book call no.:  629.454 O72ab

van Pelt, Michael.  Space Invaders:  How Robotic Spacecraft Explore the Solar System.  New York, Copernicus Books, 2007.  312 p.
Book call no.:  629.47 V217s

Westwick, Peter J.  Into the Black:  JPL and the American Space Program, 1976-2004.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2007.  392 p.
Book call no.:  629.4072 W538i


Periodicals

Bushnell, Dennis M.  Imaginable Technologies for Human Missions to Mars.  Aerospace America 45:24-30 June 2007.

Caceres, Marco.  Space Shuttle Era Nears Its End.  Aerospace America 44:12-14 September 2006.
Discusses the approaching end of the services of Discovery, Atlantis and Endeavour.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_Sept06_II.pdf

Cáceres, Marco.  The Case for Exploration Spacecraft.  Aerospace America 45:22-24 August 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Industry%20Insights_August2007.pdf

David, Leonard.  Mars Rovers:  Scientific Staying Power on the Red Planet.  Space News International 18:10 October 29, 2007.

Jones, Thomas D.  Space Exploration's Biggest Challenge:  Explaining Why.  Aerospace America 44:20-23 October 2006.
A series of focus groups conducted by marketing expert John Unland found that many people expressed a clear lack of interest in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's human exploration agenda.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_Oct06_VFH.pdf

Launius, Roger D.  Assessing the Legacy of the Space Shuttle.  Space Policy 22:226-234 November 2006.

Lin, Patrick.  Viewpoint:  Look Before Taking Another Leap for Mankind—Ethical and Social Considerations in Rebuilding Society in Space.  Astropolitics 4:281-294 Winter 2006.
Surveys a range of social, economic, and political questions, and critically evaluates reasons why we should explore space.

Macauley, Molly K.  Environmentally Sustainable Human Space Activities:  Can Challenges of Planetary Protection Be Reconciled?  Astropolitics 5:209-236 Winter 2007.
Scientists have long expressed concern about protecting the environments of other planets from human contamination.  Their objective is to preserve those environments for the search for indigenous life and other scientific research that human contamination could confound or even preclude.

Platforms for Discovery:  Exploring Titan and Venus.  Aerospace America 45:32-37 June 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/FEATURE-Noor.pdf

Sabathier, Vincent and Faith, G. Ryan.  Present and Future Human Expansion into Outer Space.  Brown Journal of World Affairs 14:147-157 Fall-Winter 2007.

Sietzen, Frank Jr.  Home on the Moon.  Aerospace America 45:28-33 July 2007.
Three years after setting the goal of returning U. S. astronauts to the moon, NASA has taken the first step toward defining a specific series of facilities and missions that will lead to a permanent outpost there.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Seitzen.pdf

Vernikos, Joan.  Strategic Views on Space.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 35, No. 4-5:12-14 2007.
Observations from a symposium "Towards a Theory of Space- Power:  The Influence of Spacepower on History and Implications for the Future," held April 25-26, 2007 at at the US National Defense University's Institute for National Strategic Studies.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1313490601&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD


Space Law, Policy and Doctrine


Internet Resources

Air Force Doctrine Document 2-2.1:  Counterspace Operations.  August 2, 2004.
Available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/service_pubs/afdd2_2_1.pdf

Cox, Lee-Volker.  Avoiding Collisions in Space:  Is It Time for an International Space Integration Center?  Carlisle, PA, Army War College, March 2007.  28 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA469676
The potential consequences of the loss of space-based capabilities in communications, navigation, timing, imagery, surveillance, warning, reconnaissance, weather and/or scientific satellite payloads are catastrophic.  Author identifies current space surveillance, tracking, and collision avoidance and deconfliction programs and processes, reviews space law and its application to freedom of navigation and spacecraft operations, and proposes a solution that would significantly reduce the likelihood of collisions in space.

Farnsworth, Jeffrey A.  Spacepower:  A Strategic Assessment and the Way Forward.  Carlisle, PA, Army War College, March 2007.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA469671
Examines the strategic environment's most pressing global and domestic factors influencing the development and employment of spacepower, and offers recommendations to guide the formulation of a valid National Security Space Strategy that can give substance to the National Space Policy.

Field Manual 100-18:  Space Support to Army Operations.  20 July 1995.
Available online at:  https://atiam.train.army.mil/soldierPortal/atia/adlsc/view/public/9383-1/fm/100-18/f0018.htm

George C. Marshall Institute.  Space Security & National Defense.  Washington, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.marshall.org/category.php?id=8
Links to articles, documents and commentary on issues affecting U. S. military space policy.

Ginter, Karl.  Space Technology and Network Centric Warfare:  A Strategic Paradox.  Carlisle, PA, Army War College, March 2007.  23 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA469763
The potential consequences of the loss of space-based capabilities in communications, navigation, timing, imagery, surveillance, warning, reconnaissance, weather and/or scientific satellite payloads are catastrophic.  This paper identifies current space surveillance, tracking, and collision avoidance and deconfliction programs and processes.

Graham, Richard V.  United States in Outer Space:  Security Assurance and Preservation.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 2007.  29 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471528
Argues that the current Space Policy is flawed because it excludes multilateral diplomatic space-arms-initiatives and international cooperation, and ignores "common security" of other states.  This one-dimensional and self-fulfilling policy may increase asymmetrical threats to US space assets.  Uses the recent Chinese anti-satellite test to propose a basis for "non-armament treaties" .

Joint Publication 3-14:  Joint Doctrine for Space Operations.  August 9, 2002.
Available online at:  http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/new_pubs/jp3_14.pdf

Report on U. S. Space Policy.  Washington, International Security Advisory Board, April 25, 2007.  11 p.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/85263.pdf
Includes eleven recommendations to improve State Department, and, more broadly, U. S. government efforts in space.

Schendzielos, Kurt M.  Electronic Combat in Space:  Examining the Legality of Fielding a Space-Based Disruptive Electromagnetic Jamming System.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2007.  106 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471399
Examines various international and domestic treaties, laws, and policies to determine whether restrictions to fielding EM jamming in space exist.  Proposes such questions as:  what is the majority interpretation of "peaceful use of space?" where does outer space begin?; what is a weapon?; and, does EM jamming qualify as a weapon?

Spacedebate.org.  2007.
Available online at:  http://www.spacedebate.org/
Attempts to expand the debate on the weaponization of space through a collaborative wiki-like tool for structured debate on a topic.  Users can browse an "argument tree" that reflects the various positions in the debate over U.S. military space policy or an extensive database of resources, including links to relevant news articles, authoritative quotes, and a comprehensive bibliography of sources.

Spring, Baker.  How Congress Should Interpret the New Space Policy Directive to Provide for National Security.   Washington, Heritage Foundation, January 19, 2007.  (Backgrounder no. 1998).
Available online at:  http://www.heritage.org/Research/Space/bg1998.cfm

Stine, Deborah D.  U.S. Civilian Space Policy Priorities:  Reflections 50 Years after Sputnik.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, December 3, 2007.  31 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA474660

Tellis, Ashley.  Punching the U. S. Military's "Soft Ribs":  China's Antisatellite Weapon Test in Strategic Perspective.  Washington, Carnegie Endowment for World Peace, June 2007.  (Policy brief no. 51).
Available online at:  http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/pb_51_tellis_final.pdf
Challenges the conventional wisdom that China’s antisatellite test (ASAT) was a protest against U.S. space policy, arguing instead that it was part of a loftier strategy to combat U.S. military superiority.

U. S. National Space Policy Fact Sheet.  August 31, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.ostp.gov/html/US%20National%20Space%20Policy.pdf
The President authorized a new national space policy on August 31, 2006 that establishes overarching national policy that governs the conduct of U.S. space activities.  This policy supersedes Presidential Decision Directive/NSC-49/NSTC-8, National Space Policy, dated September 14, 1996.  Also available in print:  call number 629.40973 U587u (ACSC Reserve).


Books

Collective Security in Space:  European Perspectives, edited by John M. Logsdon and others.  Washington, Space Policy Institute, Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, January 2007.  130 p.
Edited versions of seven papers on space security issues from leading European space experts and officials, discussed at a May 15-16, 2006, Paris workshop co-hosted by the Paris-based Foundation for Strategic Research (FRS).
Also available online at:  http://www.gwu.edu/~spi/Collective%20Security%20in%20Space%20-%20European%20Perspectives.pdf
Book call no.:  333.94 C697

Johnson-Freese, Joan.  Space as a Strategic Asset.  New York, Colombia University Press, 2007.  304 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip071/2006031631.html
Book call no.:  358.8 J661s

Williamson, Mark.  Space:  The Fragile Frontier.  Reston, VA, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2006.  319 p.
Author notes that given the amount of debris circling the earth, some of the more useful orbits could become unavailable.  He describes space as its own environment with its own legal and ethical dimensions, and makes a case for considering new space law treaties.
Book call no.:  629.416 W731s

Wolter, Detlev.  Common Security in Outer Space and International Law.  Geneva, Switzerland, United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research, 2006.  296 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.unidir.org/bdd/fiche-ouvrage.php?ref_ouvrage=92-9045-177-7-en#contents 
Book call no.:  341.47 W868c


Document

Air Force Doctrine Document 2-2:  Space Operations.  November 27, 2006.
Available online at:  https://www.doctrine.af.mil/afdcprivateweb/AFDD_Page_HTML/AFDD%202-2.htm
Doc call no.:  M-U 42992-248 AFDD 2-2


Periodicals

Billings, Linda.  How Shall We Live in Space?  Culture, Law and Ethics in Spacefaring Society.  Space Policy 22:249-255 November 2006.

Brearley, Andrew.  Mining the Moon:  Owning the Night Sky.  Astropolitics 4:43-67 Spring 2006.
Lunar resources offer great potential, both for terrestrial applications and in the exploration of space.  The possibility of resource use creates the need for a clarification of the legal regime in relation to the moon.  This paper explores the present legal situation and identifies shortcomings in space law.

Everett, Terry.  Arguing for a Comprehensive Space Protection Strategy.  Strategic Studies Quarterly 1:20-35 Fall 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/ssq/2007/Fall/Everett.pdf

Forden, Geoffrey.  After China's Test:  Time for a Limited Ban on Anti-Satellite Weapons.  Arms Control Today19-23 April 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1286870291&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Gleeson, Patrick K.  Perspectives on Space Operations.  Astropolitics 5:145-172 May-August 2007.
Provides an overview of the legal framework governing the use of force in space, concluding that military activity including, in limited circumstance, the use of force, is not prohibited.  Also addresses the policy debate that arises around issues of weaponization, use of force, and space security.

Governing Space.  Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 63:18-19 September-October 2007.
Four experts discuss how to amend the Outer Space Treaty to play a more substantive role in an era of growing space use and evolving national agendas.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26982095&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hays, Peter L. and Lutes, Charles E.  Towards a Theory of Spacepower.  Space Policy 23:206-209 November 2007.

Hertzfeld, Henry R.  Globalization, Commercial Space and Spacepower in the USA.  Space Policy 23:210-220 November 2007.
Examines how globalization and commerical space developments have changed the nature of spacepower and suggests that the USA's reactions to these changes have not thus far served it well.

Hitchens, Theresa.  The Perfect Storm:  International Reaction to the Bush National Space Policy.  High Frontier 3:19-24 March 2007.

Hitchens, Theresa.  Space Wars.  Issues in Science and Technology 23:14-17 Winter 2007.
Presents the author's views on the U.S. policy, as discussed in the article "The New U.S. Space Policy:  A Turn Toward Militancy?," by Joan Johnson-Freese in the Winter 2007 issue of "Issues in Science & Technology."  Cites several possible interpretations of the Chinese government's decision to test a destructive antisatellite weapon, and states that the test was reckless and irresponsible in that it resulted in large quantities of space debris.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24522968&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Huskisson, Darren.  Protecting the Space Network and the Future of Self-Defense.  Astropolitics 5:123-143 May-August 2007.
Addresses such questions as:  may the U.S. defend portions of the space network located outside of U.S. territory?  Would it be permissable to use force to defend non-U.S. registered space assets?  What is the standard of proof for establishing an "armed attack" on the space network, thus triggering the right of self-defense?  Must the U.S. ascertain the intent of the attacker before initiating an armed response?

Jakhu, Ram.  Legal Issues of Satellite Telecommunications, the Geostationary Orbit, and Space Debris.  Astropolitics 5:173-208 May-August 2007.

Johnson, Dana J.  National Space Policy:  Opportunities and Challenges in Shaping the International Space Regime.  High Frontier 3:50-56 March 2007.

Johnson-Freese, Joan.  The New U.S. Space Policy:  A Turn Toward Militancy?  Issues in Science and Technology 23:33-36 Winter 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23796054&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Johnson-Freese, Joan and Nichols, Thomas M.  Space, Security, and the New Nuclear Triad.  Brown Journal of World Affairs 14:159-172 Fall-Winter 2007.
"Fueling perceptions that the United States is determined to approach the use of space aggressively, Washington's new National Space Policy supports and in fact relies on the development of space weapons to defend space assets, a position that raises understandable concerns about U. S. intentions for the future of space development." Authors argue that the U. S. should (1) slash its ballistic missile inventory; (2) abandon missile defenses; and (3) "clearly and unambiguously renounce the weaponization of space."

Klein, John J.  Space Power:  An Ill-Suited Space Strategy.  Air & Space Power Journal 20:77-84 Fall 2006.
For the US military, space power has emerged as the dominant strategic framework for executing space warfare.  Author asserts that this framework, inherently offensive in nature and application, is myopic.  Contending that the United States has already achieved space supremacy, he argues that a maritime-inspired space strategy will better suit US military purposes by ensuring the defense of celestial lines of communications and enhancing the protection of vital hardware.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj06/fal06/klein.html

Klein, John J.  Space Strategy:  A Call to Arms for the Sea Services.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 45:96-99 April 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/inss/Press/jfq_pages/editions/i45/23.pdf

Madders, Kevin.  Carpe Diem:  Europe Must Make a Genuine Space Policy Now.  Space Policy 23:7-12 February 2007.

Meek, Philip A.  Viewpoint:  Space System Negation in the Context of Space Policy and Law.  Astropolitics 5:111-122 May-August 2007.
Analyzes the international space law regime and U.S. National Space Policy framework applicable to the conduct of military space operations and activities, including the use of force in space to protect and defend our satellite networks as well as our military forces.

Metzler, P. Gregory.  China in Space:  Implications for U.S. Military Strategy.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 47:96-98 Fall 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.ndu.edu/inss/Press/jfq_pages/editions/i47/22.pdf

Moltz, James Clay.  Preventing Conflict in Space:  Cooperative Engagement as a Possible U. S. Strategy.  Astropolitics 4:121-129 Summer 2006.

Mukund, Rao and Murthi Sridhara.  Keeping Up with Remote Sensing and GI Advances:  Policy and Legal Perspectives.  Space Policy 22:262-273 November 2006.

Nardon, Laurence.  Cold War Space Policy and Observation Satellites.  Astropolitics 5:29-62 January-April 2007.

Natural Disasters and the Role of Satellite Remote Sensing -- Economic and Legal Considerations:  The Tunis II Declaration.  Space Policy 22:214-215 August 2006.

O' Brien, Patrick.  Army Space and Missile Defense Command's "Position on Space".  Army Space Journal 6:16-17+ Summer 2007.

Worley, Robert M.  The New National Space Policy and Air Force Space Command's Role in International Cooperation.  High Frontier 3:7-9 March 2007.

Zelnio, Ryan J.  Whose Jurisdiction over the US Commercial Satellite Industry?  Factors Affecting International Security and Competition.  Space Policy 23:221-233 November 2007.


Space Operations


General Information

Internet Resources

Air Force Space Command
Available online at:  http://www.afspc.af.mil/

Bandini, Paul V. and Dittmer, Andrew R.  A Modest Proposal:  For Preventing Space Operations from Being a Burden to the Navy, and for Making the Space Cadre Beneficial to the Community.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2007.  155 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473712
Establishes arguments to propose that the United States Navy relinquish development, acquisition and satellite operations tasks to another service or agency, and invest in appropriately leveraging space assets through the professionalization and promotion of a robust, educated, experienced and capable Navy Space Cadre.

Cox, Lee-Volker.  Avoiding Collisions in Space:  Is It Time for an International Space Integration Center?  Carlisle, PA, Army War College, March 2007.  28 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA469676
The potential consequences of the loss of space-based capabilities in communications, navigation, timing, imagery, surveillance, warning, reconnaissance, weather and/or scientific satellite payloads are catastrophic.  Author identifies current space surveillance, tracking, and collision avoidance and deconfliction programs and processes, reviews space law and its application to freedom of navigation and spacecraft operations, and proposes a solution that would significantly reduce the likelihood of collisions in space.

Doctrine Watch #28:  The Case for Space Coordinating Activity.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Force Doctrine Development and Education Center, June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.doctrine.af.mil/afdcprivateweb/DoctrineWatch/DoctrineWatch.asp?Article=28
Accessible only from a .mil network.

Farnsworth, Jeffrey A.  Spacepower:  A Strategic Assessment and the Way Forward.  Carlisle, PA, Army War College, March 2007.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA469671
Examines the strategic environment's most pressing global and domestic factors influencing the development and employment of spacepower, and offers recommendations to guide the formulation of a valid National Security Space Strategy that can give substance to the National Space Policy.

George C. Marshall Institute.  Space Security & National Defense.  Washington, 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.marshall.org/category.php?id=8
Links to articles, documents and commentary on issues affecting U. S. military space policy.

Ginter, Karl.  Space Technology and Network Centric Warfare:  A Strategic Paradox.  Carlisle, PA, Army War College, March 2007.  23 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA469763
The potential consequences of the loss of space-based capabilities in communications, navigation, timing, imagery, surveillance, warning, reconnaissance, weather and/or scientific satellite payloads are catastrophic.  This paper identifies current space surveillance, tracking, and collision avoidance and deconfliction programs and processes.

Reiss, Robert J. Jr.  C2 Puzzle:  Space Authority and the Operational Level of War.  June 2006.  29 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA464581
Presented at the Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (CCRTS), in San Diego, CA, on 20-22 June 2006.  Includes briefing charts in addition to text.

Remen, John F. and Liston, Glenn.  Future of Space Propulsion (Preprint).  Edwards AFB, CA, Air Force Research Lab, Propulsion Directorate, September 2007.  29 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473520

Sands, Timothy.  Fine Pointing of Military Spacecraft.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2007.  139 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA467186
Military spacecraft perform aggressive slew maneuvers to acquire targets, but the actuators are complicated by singularities that can often lead to loss of attitude control during aggressive maneuvers.  After acquiring the target, the spacecraft must rapidly settle and track the target as the spacecraft races by overhead.  This dissertation addresses these challenges by introducing a new optimized geometry for installation of the spacecraft actuators to minimize the impact of singularities.

Singer, Jeremy.  Air Force, Contractors Seek Ways to Fight Brain Drain.  Space News International July 17, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/spacenews/archive06/Work_071706.html
One of the most frequently cited problems facing those who build and rely on space systems is a receding pool of engineering talent, a function of declining interest among young people in math and science.

Space-Based Solar Power As an Opportunity for Strategic Security:  Phase 0 Architecture Feasibility Study.  Washington, National Security Space Office, October 2007.  76 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473860


Books

Harland, David M. and Lorenz, Ralph D.  Space Systems Failures:  Disasters and Rescues of Satellites, Rockets and Space Probes.  Berlin, Springer, 2005.  368 p.
Book call no.:  363.124 H283s

Lorell, Mark A. and others.  Evolutionary Acquisition:  Implementation Challenges for Defense Space Programs..  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2006.  116 p.
Book call no.:  358.86 L868e

National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Air Force and Department of Defense Aerospace Propulsion Needs.  A Review of United States Air Force and Department of Defense Aerospace Propulsion Needs.  Washington, National Academies Press, 2006.  66 p.
Chapter 4:  Rocket Propulsion Systems for Access to Space, pp 108-170.
Chapter 5:  Rocket Propulsion Systems for In-Space Operations and Missiles, pp 171-202.
Also available online at:  http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11780
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471183
Book call no.:  629.475 R454

Oldenburg, James A.  Fighting the War above Iraq:  Employing Space Forces to Defeat an Insurgency.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air Command and Staff College, May 2007.  40 p.  (Wright Flyer Paper No. 24)
Argues that in Operation Iraqi Freedom, and other counterinsurgency operations, space forces will not be "war winners" but can provide crucial support.  Specifically, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities can help isolate the battlespace.  These systems can also enhance the ability to combat fielded rebels through surveillance, reconnaissance, and communications.  Finally, the effects space forces generate can support the government and help strengthen its ability to solve the insurgents’ cause.
Book call no.:  956.70443 O44f

Roy, Robie Samanta and Hall, Ray.  The Long-Term Implications of Current Plans for Investment in Major Unclassified Military Space Programs.  Washington, Congressional Budget Office, 2005.  17 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA446822
Book call no.:  358.80973 R888L

Space Power Integration:  Perspectives from Space Weapons Officers, edited by Kendall K. Brown.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, December 2006.  216 p.
Nine research papers from the first Space Weapons Officer Air and Space Integration Conference in 2005 that address issues across a spectrum of air- and space-integration topics at the operational level of war.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/aupress/Books/Brown/brown.pdf
Book call no.:  358.80973 S7324

Thompson, Loren B.  Can the Space Sector Meet Military Goals for Space?  The Tension Between Transformation and Federal Management Practices.  Arlington, VA, Lexington Institute, September 2005.  45 p.
Author investigates whether the domestic technology and manufacturing base relevant to national-security space programs is adequate to support the goals of military transformation.
Book call no.:  358.8 T473c

Tripp, Robert S.  Space Command Sustainment Review:  Improving the Balance Between Current and Future Capabilities.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand Corp., 2007.  136 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0712/2007009899.html
Also available online at:  http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2007/RAND_MG518.pdf
Book call no.:  358.80973 S732


Documents

Arthur, Daniel P. and Wille, Dennis G.  A Proposed Architecture for Theater Coordination of Global Space Activities.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2006.  82 p.
The current architecture for space capabilities coordination in a geographic area of operations is not standardized, and is instead left up to each theater to develop independently.  The interaction of a unified global controlling organization with disparate theater coordination constructs results in confusion, inefficiency, and potentially lost opportunities to influence or support operations.  This thesis proposes the establishment of a theater space coordination cell on the staff of the joint force commander to provide theater-wide space capabilities coordination and reach-back to U.S.- based space resources.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA456982
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 A7881p

Figliola, Patricia M.  U.S. Military Space Programs:  An Overview of Appropriations and Current Issues.  Washington, Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service., August 7, 2006.  10 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA458503
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.06-RL33601


Periodicals

2007 Space Almanac.  Air Force Magazine 90:74-92 August 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.afa.org/magazine/aug2007/0807space.pdf

Armor, James B. Jr.  Viewpoint:  It Is Time to Create a United States Air Force Space Corps?  Astropolitics 5:273-288 Winter 2007.

Brinton, Turner and Clark, Colin.  House Committee Moves Space Radar Funding Back to USAF.  Space News International 18:12 July 30, 2007.
The House Appropriations Committee approved a $186 million budget for the Space Radar program in 2008, and in a major turnaround shifted budget responsibility from the classified intelligence budget to Air Force accounts.

Correll, Randall R.  The Demise of US Spacepower:  Not with a Bang but a Whimper.  Astropolitics 3:233-264 Autumn 2005.
For the last decade, the development and acquisition of US space systems have become increasingly troubled with cost overruns and schedule delays.  Authors discuss the importance of enhancing space power, and warn that many proposed acquisition solutions address symptoms, not the primary cause.

Dodgen, Larry J.  Space and Missile Defense Strengthens the Joint Warfighter.  Army 56:163-164 October 2006.
Also available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1147291181&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Dodgen, Larry J.  Space:  Inextricably Linked to Warfighting.  Military Review 86:86-94 January-February 2006.
Moving from being "supported" by space assets to being "space-enabled", the Army is integrating space capabilities into routine operations to deliver space-based services to soldiers.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20018983&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Fabey, Michael.  Space Conundrum:  The US Military Quest for More Useful but Cheaper Space Assets Poses Tough Challenge.  C4ISR Journal 5:35-36 June 2006.

Guerriero, Bob and others.  The Future of Army Space Forces:  A Vision to Optimize Tactical and Operational Space Support.  Army Space Journal 6:12-15+ Summer 2007.

Hays, Peter L. and Lutes, Charles E.  Towards a Theory of Spacepower.  Space Policy 23:206-209 November 2007.

Hebert, Adam.  Turning a Corner on Space.  Air Force Magazine 90:40-44 January 2007.
Top USAF leaders say that the Air Force's space programs, badly tarnished by serious legal and financial troubles throughout the 1990s, are in the midst of a far-reaching comeback.
Also available online at:  http://www.afa.org/magazine/jan2007/0107space.asp

Hughes, Nathan.  Holding the Ultimate High Ground:  Space as the Military Crest.  Marine Corps Gazette 91:47-48 March 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1232449331&sid=2&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Kehler, C. Robert.  Enhancing Joint Space Operations.  High Frontier 3:55-57 November 2006.

Klein, John J.  Space Power:  An Ill-Suited Space Strategy.  Air & Space Power Journal 20:77-84 Fall 2006.
For the US military, space power has emerged as the dominant strategic framework for executing space warfare.  Author asserts that this framework, inherently offensive in nature and application, is myopic   Contending that the United States has already achieved space supremacy, he argues that a maritime-inspired space strategy will better suit US military purposes by ensuring the defense of celestial lines of communications and enhancing the protection of vital hardware.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj06/fal06/klein.html

Lakos, Michael L.  How Can the Space Medium Be Further Exploited to Counter Terrorism?  High Frontier 3:30-36 March 2007.

Lambakis, Steven.  Leveraging Space to Improve Missile Defense.  High Frontier 3:25-29 March 2007.

Lambakis, Steven.  Missile Defense from Space.  Policy Review No. 141:47-58 February-March 2007.
Discusses the possible advantages of adding a space-based layer leveraging hit-to-kill interceptors to the U.S. missile defense system.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24122086&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Maethner, Scott R.  Achilles' Heel:  Space and Information Power in the 21st Century.  High Frontier 3:67-70 August 2007.
Author demonstrates that an Achilles Heel for space power does exist, and argues that the US should develop a strategy to protect this vulnerability.

Mathews, Roger F.  Forging Ahead.  Army Space Journal 6:8-9+ Summer 2007.
BG Mathews, Deputy Commanding General for Operations, US Army Space and Missile Defense Command/US Army Forces Strategic Command, assesses the increased operational tempo for space personnel.

McLaughlin, J. Kevin and Crawford, Chris D.  Forward to the Future:  A Roadmap for Air Force Space (two-part article).  High Frontier.
Part 1:  3:23-31 August 2007.  Takes a retrospective look at Air Force space culture, and concludes with findings highlighting the key areas driving erosion of the US lead in space capabilities.
Part 2:  3:27-34 November 2007.  Recommends steps toward reversing that trend.

O' Brien, Patrick.  Army Space and Missile Defense Command's "Position on Space".  Army Space Journal 6:16-17+ Summer 2007.

Rozzi, Jim.  Tactical Space Tiger Team:  Successes from the Field.  Army Space Journal 6:10F-11F Summer 2007.
Focuses on the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) Space Support Element.

Snead, James Michael.  A Space Logistics Infrastructure for the Near Term.  Aerospace America 44:39-42 October 2006.
A fundamental aspect of a useful space logistics infrastructure is to achieve access for passengers and cargo in a manner that is safe, operable, routine and increasingly affordable. In the near future, in-space mobility would be provided by fully reusable spacecraft referred to as space logistics vehicles.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_Oct06_SNE.pdf

Sturdevant, Rick W.  "Just a Matter of Time":  How and Why the US Air Force Established a Space Command.  High Frontier 3:32-38 August 2007.

Sweetman, Bill.  Final Frontier Revisited:  The US Responds to Space.  Jane's International Defence Review 39:56-61 June 2006.

Vernikos, Joan.  Strategic Views on Space.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 35, No. 4-5:12-14 2007.
Observations from a symposium "Towards a Theory of Space-Power:  The Influence of Spacepower on History and Implications for the Future," held April 25-26, 2007 at at the US National Defense University's Institute for National Strategic Studies.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1313490601&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Wagner, John.  Increasing the Solvency of Spacepower.  High Frontier 3:37-45 November 2006.


Near Space

Books

Hall, Kurt D.  Near Space:  Should Air Force Space Command Take Control of Its Shore?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2006.  29 p.  (Maxwell Paper, no. 38)
One lesson the DOD realized from recent conflicts, as well as humanitarian and relief operations, involves significant shortfalls in C4ISR, the enabling mission area that supports joint operations across the range of military operations.  These shortfalls include tactical beyond-line-of-sight (BLOS) communications on the move, persistent ISR, red-force tracking, change detection, detection of mines and improvised explosive devices, and all-weather imaging.  To correct these shortfalls, Gen John P. Jumper tasked Air Force Space Command with the responsibility of developing, fielding, and executing tactical and operationally responsive space (ORS) capabilities near and through space.  AFSPC created the Joint Warfighting Space (JWS) initiative, which focuses on near space.
Also available online at:  http://aupress.au.af.mil/Maxwell_Papers/Text/mp38.pdf
Book call no.:  358.80973 H177n

Tomme, Edward B.  The Paradigm Shift to Effects-Based Space:  Near-Space as a Combat Space Effects Enabler.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Airpower Research Institute, College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research and Education, Air University, 2005.  86 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA434352
Book call no.:  358.8 T661p


Documents

Knoedler, Andrew J.  Increasing C3ISR Persistence by Lowering the Ultimate High Ground:  Using Near Space Vehicles in the Pursuit of Persistent C3ISR.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2005.  38 leaves.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA463909
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 K72i


Periodicals

Allen, Ned.  Opportunities in Near Space.  Aerospace America 45:26-31 September 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/SEPT2007_Viewpoint3.pdf

Trimble, Stephen.  USAF Seeks New Role for Vehicles in Near Space.  Jane's Defence Weekly 44:8 January 24, 2007.
Reports on efforts to demonstrate that a near-space vehicle can fill a potential combat role as a communication relay between small unmanned aerial vehicles and ground forces.


Operationally Responsive Space

Internet Resources

Klotz, Frank G.  Defining Operationally Responsive Space.  April 2006.
Speech by Lt. Gen. Frank G. Klotz, Vice Commander, Air Force Space Command, at the Responsive Space Conference, Los Angeles, April 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.afspc.af.mil/library/speeches/speech.asp?id=235

McLaughlin, Kevin.  Operationally Responsive Space Office.  July 2007.  27 slides.
Available online at:  http://www.responsivespace.com/ors/reference/McLaughlin.pdf
PowerPoint slideshow by the Director of the Operationally Responsive Space Office; defines and discusses ORS.

National Security Space Office.  Plan for Operationally Responsive Space.  April 17, 2007.  24 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA470029

Responsive Space
Available online at:  http://www.responsivespace.com/index.asp
Scroll down to access papers presented at the annual Responsive Space Conferences (2003 - 2007), organized by topic. Site also includes news and press releases.


Book

Hall, Kurt D.  Near Space:  Should Air Force Space Command Take Control of Its Shore?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2006.  29 p.  (Maxwell Paper, no. 38)
One lesson the DOD realized from recent conflicts, as well as humanitarian and relief operations, involves significant shortfalls in C4ISR, the enabling mission area that supports joint operations across the range of military operations.  These shortfalls include tactical beyond-line-of-sight (BLOS) communications on the move, persistent ISR, red-force tracking, change detection, detection of mines and improvised explosive devices, and all-weather imaging.  To correct these shortfalls, Gen John P. Jumper tasked Air Force Space Command with the responsibility of developing, fielding, and executing tactical and operationally responsive space (ORS) capabilities near and through space.  AFSPC created the Joint Warfighting Space (JWS) initiative, which focuses on near space.
Also available online at:  http://aupress.au.af.mil/Maxwell_Papers/Text/mp38.pdf
Book call no.:  358.80973 H177n


Periodicals

Bennett, John T.  Will U. S. "Responsive Space" Concept Go Global?  Defense News 22:4+ June 11, 2007.
Pentagon officials are pushing for approval to begin signing up NATO members to help develop and build a generation of rapidly deployable satellites and rockets.

DoD Lays Out Three-Pronged Plan for Operationally Responsive Space.  Defense Daily 234:36 June 6, 2007.

Iannotta, Ben.  $408 Million ORS Budget to Have Broad-Based Focus.  Space News International 18:14 August 13, 2007.

Magnuson, Stew.  Space on Demand.  National Defense 92:45-47 July 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1298788041&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Remillard, Stephen K.  The Long and Winding Road to Operationally Responsive Spacelift.  Air & Space Power Journal 21:42-43 Spring 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj07/spr07/remillardspr07.html


Space Warfare and Weapons


Internet Resources

Davis, Chad J.  Towards Improved Operational Command and Control of Space Weapons.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, 2007.  20 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA470762
Offers options for operational command and control of hypothetically deployed space weapons, and analyzes two broad categories:  command and control using reachback, and command and control from within the theater commander’s operational area.

Kosiak, Steven M.  Arming the Heavens:  A Preliminary Assessment of the Potential Cost and Cost Effectiveness of Space-Based Weapons.  Washington, Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, 2007.  106 p.
Available online at:  http://www.csbaonline.org/4Publications/PubLibrary/R.20071031.Arming_the_Heavens/R.20071031.Arming_the_Heavens.pdf

Schendzielos, Kurt M.  Electronic Combat in Space:  Examining the Legality of Fielding a Space-Based Disruptive Electromagnetic Jamming System.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2007.  106 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471399
Examines various international and domestic treaties, laws, and policies to determine whether restrictions to fielding EM jamming in space exist.  Proposes such questions as:  what is the majority interpretation of "peaceful use of space?"  where does outer space begin?; what is a weapon?; and, does EM jamming qualify as a weapon?

Spacedebate.org.  2007.
Available online at:  http://www.spacedebate.org/
Attempts to expand the debate on the weaponization of space through a collaborative wiki-like tool for structured debate on a topic.  Users can browse an "argument tree" that reflects the various positions in the debate over U.S. military space policy or an extensive database of resources, including links to relevant news articles, authoritative quotes, and a comprehensive bibliography of sources.


Books

Caldicott, Helen and Eisendrath, Craig R.  War in Heaven:  The Arms Race in Outer Space.  New York, The New Press, 2007.  166 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip071/2006030551.html
Book call no.:  327.174 C146w

Johnson-Freese, Joan.  Space as a Strategic Asset.  New York, Colombia University Press, 2007.  304 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip071/2006031631.html
Book call no.:  358.8 J661s

Klein, John J.  Space Warfare:  Strategy, Principles, and Policy.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  196 p.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0513/2005014918.html
Book call no.:  358.8 K64s

Space Power Integration:  Perspectives from Space Weapons Officers, edited by Kendall K. Brown.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, December 2006.  216 p.
Nine research papers from the first Space Weapons Officer Air and Space Integration Conference in 2005 that address issues across a spectrum of air- and space-integration topics at the operational level of war.
Also available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/aupress/Books/Brown/brown.pdf
Book call no.:  358.80973 S7324

Spring, Baker.  Slipping the Surly Bonds of the Real World:  The Unworkable Effort to Prevent the Weaponization of Space.  Washington, Heritage Foundation, May 10, 2005.  5 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.heritage.org/Research/NationalSecurity/hl877.cfm
Book call no.:  358.8 S769s

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs.  Weaponizing Space:  Is Current U. S. Policy Protecting Our National Security?  Hearing.  110th Congress, 1st session, May 23, 2007.  Washington, U. S. GPO, 2007.  122 p.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS86076
Book call no.:  358.80973 U583w

Wong, Wilson.  Weapons in Space:  Strategic and Policy Implications.  Winnipeg, Centre for Defence and Security Studies, University of Manitoba, Canada, 2006.  93 p.  (Silver Dart Canadian aerospace studies, v. 3)
Book call no.:  358.8 W872w


Periodicals

Dolman, Everett C.  A Debate about Weapons in Space:  For -- US Military Transformation and Weapons in Space.  SAIS Review 26:163-174 Winter 2006.
"Space weaponization is a critical and necessary component in the process of transformation well under way, a process that cannot be reversed.  Now that America has demonstrated the capacity to strike precisely, it would not return to the kind of indiscriminant targeting and heavy collateral damage that characterized pre-space warfare unless it were engaged in a war of national survival."  An article on pages 175-188 of the same issue argues against space weaponization.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1048937231&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Gleeson, Patrick K.  Perspectives on Space Operations.  Astropolitics 5:145-172 May-August 2007.
Provides an overview of the legal framework governing the use of force in space, concluding that military activity including, in limited circumstance, the use of force, is not prohibited.  Also addresses the policy debate that arises around issues of weaponization, use of force, and space security.

Hitchens, Theresa.  Debris, Traffic Management, and Weaponization:  Opportunities for and Challenges to Cooperation in Space.  Brown Journal of World Affairs 14:173-186 Fall-Winter 2007.

Hitchens, Theresa and others.  U.S. Space Weapons:  Big Intentions, Little Focus.  Nonproliferation Review 13:35-56 March 2006.
Also available online at:  http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/npr/vol13/131/131hitchens.pdf

Johnson-Freese, Joan and Nichols, Thomas M.  Space, Security, and the New Nuclear Triad.  Brown Journal of World Affairs 14:159-172 Fall-Winter 2007.
"Fueling perceptions that the United States is determined to approach the use of space aggressively, Washington's new National Space Policy supports and in fact relies on the development of space weapons to defend space assets, a position that raises understandable concerns about U. S. intentions for the future of space development."  Authors argue that the U. S. should (1) slash its ballistic missile inventory; (2) abandon missile defenses; and (3) "clearly and unambiguously renounce the weaponization of space."

Kleinberg, Howard.  On War in Space.  Astropolitics 5:1-27 January-April 2007.
Author develops a theory of space warfare via a deductive process, exploring some of the current thinking on military theories in general, and examining their applications via space warfare specifically.

Lennox, Duncan.  Briefing:  Space Warfare.  Jane's Defence Weekly.
Part 1: vol 44: 24-27 March 28, 2007.
Part 2: vol 44: 28-30 April 4, 2007

Magnuson, Stew.  Space Wars.  National Defense 91:20-21 April 2007.
The U.S. military's dependence on space-based assets to communicate, gather intelligence and navigate has created an "Achilles' Heel," for any adversary willing to attack them, analysts charge.  But as the importance of these critical assets has grown, the ability to defend them has not grown with them.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1258057561&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Moltz, James Clay.  Protecting Safe Access to Space:  Lessons from the First 50 Years of Space Security.  Space Policy 23:199-205 November 2007.

Moore, Mike.  A Debate about Weapons in Space:  Against:  A New Cold War?  SAIS Review 26:175-188 Winter 2006.
"To space warriors, a demonstrated capability to control space seems sensible and necessary.  To other nations, such a capability would more likely suggest a velvet-glove hegemony that could someday turn to steel-fisted imperialism."  An article on pages 163-174 of the same issue argues in favor of space weaponization.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1048937241&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Smith, Justin.  The Age of Asymmetric Space Warfare.  High Frontier 3:71-73 August 2007.


Spacelift and Launching


Internet Resources

David, Leonard.  The Smallsat Search for Low-Cost Launch.  Space News Business Report
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/spacenews/businessmonday_060814.html
The building and exploitation of small satellites makes possible a diverse set of missions to satisfy academic, scientific, military and commercial needs. However, the U.S. community that develops small satellites faces a perennial shortcoming of reliable, low-cost launchers — a long-term situation that stymies smallsat evolution and wider adoption of the technology.

Ray, Justin.  New Era of Rocket Launches Begins at California Base.  Space.com. June 28, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/news/060628_cali_rockets.html

Remen, John F. and Liston, Glenn.  Future of Space Propulsion (Preprint).  Edwards AFB, CA, Air Force Research Lab, Propulsion Directorate, September 2007.  29 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA473520


Books

Bolonkin, Alexander A.  Non-Rocket Space Launch and Flight.  San Diego, CA, Elsevier Inc., 2006.  468 p.
Book call no.:  629.475 B693n

McCartney, Forrest and others.  National Security Space Launch Report.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, National Defense Research Institute, 2006.  82 p.
Report prepared by the Congressionally mandated National Security Space Launch Requirements Panel.  In 2004, Congress directed the Secretary of Defense to establish a panel of experts with extensive space launch and operations background to address  future launch requirements and the means of meeting those requirements.  DoD selected RAND to facilitate and support this panel.  In short, the Panel concludes that, because basic rocketry principles, use of chemically derived thrust, and multiple expendable stages seem certain to remain the design of choice for operational space launch vehicles, the EELV can satisfy all known and projected NSS requirements through 2020.
Table of contents is online at:  http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0617/2006022599.html 
Full report also available online at:  http://rand.org/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG503.pdf
Book call no.:  358.80973 N277

National Research Council (U.S.).  Committee on Air Force and Department of Defense Aerospace Propulsion Needs.  A Review of United States Air Force and Department of Defense Aerospace Propulsion Needs.  Washington, National Academies Press, 2006.  66 p.
Chapter 4:  Rocket Propulsion Systems for Access to Space, pp 108-170.
Chapter 5:  Rocket Propulsion Systems for In-Space Operations and Missiles, pp 171-202.
Also available online at:  http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11780
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471183
Book call no.:  629.475 R454

Rehmus, Paul B. and Hall, Raymond.  Alternatives for Future U. S. Space-Launch Capabilities.  Washington, Congressional Budget Office, October 2006.  70 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA456721
Book call no.:  387.80973 R345a


Document

Behrens, Carl A.  Space Launch Vehicles:  Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, March 20, 2006.  20 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA456523
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-8 no.93062


Periodicals

Armstrong, Robert C. Jr.  The Power to Explore:  America's Next-Generation Fleet of Launch Vehicles.  High Frontier 3:34-36 November 2006.

Canan, James W.  Breathing New Hope into Hypersonics.  Aerospace America 45:26-31 November 2007.
Pentagon officials emphasize that the short-term purpose of the X-51A engine is to prove the practicality of hypersonic scramjet propulsion.  But they also note that it is an essential first step toward development of a high-speed, long-range missile and, ultimately, of an operationally responsive hypersonic space launch vehicle.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Canan_NOV07.pdf

Helms, Susan J.  Toward Responsive Space Access.  High Frontier 3:30-33 November 2006.

Hertzfeld, Henry R. and Peter, Nicolas.  Developing New Launch Vehicle Technology:  The Case for Multi-National Private Sector Cooperation.  Space Policy 23:81-89 May 2007.

Iannotta, Ben.  DARPA Studies Launching of Satellite in Pieces.  Defense News 22:32 May 7, 2007.

Johnson, Ray F. and Tomei, Edmardo.  Launch Readiness Verification on the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle Program.  High Frontier 3:16-20 November 2006.

Jurist, John, Dinkin, Sam, and Livingston, David.  Low Cost Earth Orbit Access:  A Look at Physics, Economics, and Reality.  Astropolitics 4:295-331 Winter 2006.
Achieving low cost orbital access requires dealing with economic limitations of chemical rockets, lack of business planning, and failure to identify a workable path that will take us from an immature to a mature launch industry.

Larrimore, Scott C.  International Space Launch Notification and Data Exchange.  Space Policy 23:172-179 August 2007.

Moorman, Thomas S.  Framing the Assured Access Debate:  A Brief History of Air Force Space Launch.  High Frontier 3:6-12 November 2006.

Perek, Lubos.  Between a Celestial Body and a Spacecraft:  Making the Space Elevator a Success.  Space Policy 23:3-6 February 2007.

Remillard, Stephen K.  The Long and Winding Road to Operationally Responsive Spacelift.  Air & Space Power Journal 21:42-43 Spring 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj07/spr07/remillardspr07.html

Worden, Simon P. and Sponable, Jess.  Viewpoint:  Access to Space:  A Strategy for the Twenty-First Century.  Astropolitics 4:69-83 Spring 2006.
The US launch infrastructure is at a crisis point. Currently there are no heavy lift launchers to support the national vision for space exploration. Author outlines the issues and potential options.


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