SPACE
Special Bibliography  No. 329
Supplement No. 2


March 2009

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

For additional information on this topic, see the older Fairchild bibliography titled "Space" - February 2008.

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on March 3, 2009.


Commercial Space


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Conrad, Brian H. and Tzanos, Ioannis.  A Conceptual Framework for Tactical Private Satellite Networks.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2008.  207 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA488784
Examines the current state of military satellite communications and analyzes current trends in the commercial satellite communications market that support military command and control, as well as facilitate network operations.

Forest, Benjamin D.  An Analysis of Military Use of Commercial Satellite Communications.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2008.  89 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA488621

Hughes, Richard and Lowe, Jon.  We Need a Civil Reserve Space Fleet.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aunews/archive/0307/Articles/CivilReserveSpaceFleet.html
In the same way that United States Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM) partners with the air, sea, and surface transportation companies, United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) can partner with companies providing space capabilities, particularly in the communications and imagery business.  Commercial communications and imagery companies could be provided with incentives to build spare spacecraft, or augment future vehicles with payloads that meet the needs of government.

McKenna, Sean S.  The Final Frontier:  News Media's Use of Commercial Satellite Imagery During Wartime.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2006.  36 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475592

Schmunk, Matthew M.  Initial Determination of Low Earth Orbits Using Commercial Telescopes.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, March 2008.  90 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485325
Developments such as inexpensive but high-quality sensors, rapid personal computing, and easy networking inspire a reexamination of an old problem:  how practical is it to develop initial orbit estimates for Low Earth Orbiting (LEO) satellites using optical tracking?  This paper documents the design and implementation of a commercial telescope system used to answer precisely that question.


Books

Linehan, Dan.  SpaceShipOne:  An Illustrated History.  Minneapolis, MN, Zenith Press, 2008.  160 p.
About the first privately funded rocket-plane to carry humans into space.
Book call no.:  629.45 L743s

Moltz, James Clay.  The Politics of Space Security:  Strategic Restraint and the Pursuit of National Interests.  Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 2008.  367 p.
Book call no.:  358.8 M729p

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Armed Services.  Space and U.S. National Power.  Hearing, 109th Congress, 2nd session, June 21, 2006.  Washington, GPO, 2007.  93 p.
Book call no.:  358.80973 U583sa


Document (Student Research)

Bell, William Scott.  Commercial Eyes in Space:  Implications for U.S. Military Operations in 2030.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  54 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 B435c


Periodicals

Bachelder, Robert S.  Shared Space.  Christian Century 125:24-27 July 1, 2008.
Comments on the growing commercialization of data from satellites in outer space.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32917763&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Blamont, Jacques.  We the People:  Consequences of the Revolution in the Management of Space Applications.  Space Policy 24:13-21 February 2008.
The creation of Google Earth has initiated a new market for space imaging.  The distribution of data could replace their production as the driving factor in the development of the image business, up to the point where the managers of the flow of information would control and finance the space system, as operators do with satcoms.

Brinton, Turner.  Military Demand for Commercial Satcom Projected to Increase.  Space News 20:12 January 26, 2009.

Bugos, Glenn E. and Boyd, John W.  Accelerating Entrepreneurial Space.  Space Policy 24:140-147 August 2008.

Cass, Stephen.  Interview:  Lunar Tour Guide.  Discover 29:46 October 2008.
Interview with Eric Anderson, who is commissioning construction of the Russian-built Soyuz spacecraft to carry passengers into space.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34251944&site=ehost-live

Commercial Communications Satellites for the Moon.  IEEE Spectrum 46:11 February 2009.

David, Leonard.  Entrepreneurs Say Suborbital Flight Just a Start.  Space News 19:16 October 27, 2008.
The development of commercial suborbital space vehicles should lead eventually to businesses such as commercial hypersonic point to point air travel and low-cost launches to low Earth orbit, according to participants in 2008's International Symposium for Personal and Commercial Spaceflight.

David, Leonard.  Spaceports:  Fields of Dreams.  Aerospace America 46:30-35+ June 2008.
With the era of space tourism getting underway in earnest, ambitious plans for commercial spaceports are beginning to take shape in the U.S. and around the world.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Spaceports_Aerospace_JUN2008.pdf

David, Leonard.  Taking Wing:  Liftoff for Public Space Travel.  Aerospace America 47:24-29 February 2009.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_WhiteKnight2_FEB2009.pdf

De Selding, Peter B.  Commercial Launch Providers Looking Ahead to Busier 2009.  Space News 20:11 January 5, 2009.
Includes a list of commercial launch contracts for geostationary-orbit satellites in 2008.

De Selding, Peter B.  Commercial Satellite Orders Net Lofty Expectations in 2008:  China Continues to Be a Factor in the Global Market.  Space News 20:12 January 5, 2009.
Includes a list of commercial satellite contracts for geostationary-orbit satellites in 2008.

Harris, Philip R.  Overcoming Obstacles to Private Enterprise in Space.  Space Policy 24:124-127 August 2008.

Hickman, John.  Problems of Interplanetary and Interstellar Trade.  Astropolitics 6:95-104 January-April 2008.

Ianotta, Becky.  Comsat Services Help Space Industry Grow by 11% in 2007.  Space News 19:13 April 28, 2008.
Commercial satellite services accounted for more than half of the $251 billion worldwide space-related revenue in 2007.

Jakhu, Ram and Buzdugan Maria.  Development of the Natural Resources of the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies:  Economic and Legal Aspects.  Astropolitics 6:201-250 September-December 2008.

Knight in Shining Armour.  Economist 388:82-83 August 2, 2008.
Discusses an aircraft commissioned by Virgin Galactic to launch commercial spacecraft. Its design has prompted other organizations to consider new ways of applying the technology, including satellite launching and the transportation of pilotless drones and aircraft engines.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=33443894&site=ehost-live

Martinez, Brandon.  Successes from the Field:  Space Technology -- The Role of Commercial Satellite Imagery.  Army Space Journal 7:44-49 Summer 2008.

Nield, George C.  A Modern Day of Everest.  Ad Astra 20:32-35 Fall 2008.
Discusses commercial space exploration in the United States.

Snead, James Michael.  Spacefaring Logistics Infrastructure:  The Foundation of a Spacefaring America.  Astropolitics 6:71-94 January-April 2008.


International Cooperation


Book

Moltz, James Clay.  The Politics of Space Security:  Strategic Restraint and the Pursuit of National Interests.  Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 2008.  367 p.
Book call no.:  358.8 M729p


Periodicals

Broniatowski, David Andre and others.  A Framework for Evaluating International Cooperation in Space Exploration.  Space Policy 24:181-189 November 2008.

De Selding, Peter B.  Despite SSA Collaboration, Europe Leery of U.S. Intentions.  Space News 20:6 January 19, 2009.
The U.S. and Europe have opened a regular channel for cooperating on space surveillance issues as Europe begins a program that could lead to its own version of the U.S. Space Surveillance Network.  But European officials continue to be wary of U.S. intentions following what they say was a U.S. diplomatic effort in late 2008 to scuttle Europe's fledgling space situational awareness program.

De Selding, Peter B.  EU Satellite Center Gains Access to European Recon Data.  Space News 19:10 December 8, 2008.
France, Germany and Italy have agreed, for the first time, to give the European Union both free and paid access to their military observation satellites.

De Selding, Peter B.  Eumetstat Moves to Strengthen International Cooperative Ties.  Space News 19:4 July 7, 2008.
Europe's weather satellite organization has strengthened its cooperation with the Chinese and Russian meteorological agencies and reinforced its ties with the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Gadimova, Sharafat and Haubold, Hans J.  The International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems:  Building a System of Systems for a Global World.  High Frontier 4:22-24 May 2008.

Hitchens, Theresa and Chen, David.  Forging a Sino-US "Grand Bargain" in Space.  Space Policy 24:128-131 August 2008.

Reinvigorating Transatlantic Space Relations:  The Joint ESPI-SPI Memorandum.  Space Policy 24:119-123 August 2008.
Urging a new dialogue on US–European cooperation in space, the leading space policy research institutes on both sides of the Atlantic demonstrate the ways in which the cooperative relationship has changed and lay out the issues that must be addressed if it is to continue on a sound footing.

Schaffer, Audrey M.  What Do Nations Want from International Collaboration for Space Exploration?  Space Policy 24:95-103 May 2008.

Wong, Alice A. and Clore, Ray E.  Promoting International Civil GNSS Cooperation through Diplomacy.  High Frontier 4:25-27 May 2008.

Zhou, Yi.  Perspectives on Sino-US Cooperation in Civil Space Programs.  Space Policy 24:132-139 August 2008.


Other Countries' Programs
Australia | China | Europe | India | Iran | Israel | Japan | Korea | Russia


Australia

Internet Resource

Biddington, Brett.  Skin in the Game:  Realising Australia's National Interests in Space to 2025.  Canberra, Australia, Kokoda Foundation, May 2008.  92 p.  (Kokoda Paper, no. 7)
Also available online at:  http://www.kokodafoundation.org/Files/KP%207%20Skin_Game_Final%20(joined).pdf


Document (Student Research)

Cook, Stephen B.  A Potential Policy for Australian Military Space.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2007.  60 p.  (Thesis).
Chapters include:  Current Outer Space Regime, Space Vulnerabilities, Potential of Operationally Responsive Space, and Space Assurance.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 C771p


Periodical

Holt, Lyle.  Integrating Space Efforts into Australia's Joint Operations.  Australian Defence Force Journal No. 175:51-65 2008.


China

Internet Resources

Ling, Yan.  Comments on the Chinese Space Regulations.  Chinese Journal of International Law 7:681-689 November 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35388341&site=ehost-live
Two sets of national space regulations have been issued in China. Comparing them with space legislations of other countries and State practice, this paper identifies the issues that have not been properly addressed.

Moskowitz, Clara.  Chinese Astronauts Complete First Spacewalk.  Space.com, September 27, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/080927-spacewalk-wrap.html

Pillsbury, Michael P.  An Assessment of China's Anti-Satellite and Space Warfare Programs, Policies and Doctrines.  Washington, US-China Economic and Security Review Commission, January 19, 2008.  81 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476735


Books

Chapman, Bert.  Space Warfare and Defense:  A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC Clio, 2008.  403 p.
Other Countries' Space Weapons Programs:  China, pp 198-206.
Book call no.:  358.8 C466s

Harnessing the Heavens:  National Defense Through Space, edited by Paul G. Gillespie and Grant T. Weller.  Chicago, Imprint Publications, 2008.  235 p.
The Long March Upward:  A Review of China's Space Program, by Dean B. Cheng, pp 151-163.
Book call no.:  358.80973 H289

MacDonald, Bruce W.  China, Space Weapons, and U.S. Security.  New York, Council on Foreign Relations, September 2008.  [57] p.
Also available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/China_Space_CSR38.pdf
Book call no.:  358.8 M136c

Pollpeter, Kevin.  Building for the Future:  China's Progress in Space Technology During the Tenth 5-Year Plan and the U.S. Response.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, March 2008.  64 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA478502
Book call no.:  387.80951 P777b


Periodicals

Ananthaswamy, Anil.  Asian Nations Embark on New Era of Lunar Exploration.  New Scientist 199:10 November 1, 2008.
Reports on the lunar ventures of China, India and Japan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35270336&site=ehost-live

Blazejewski, Kenneth S.  Space Weaponization and U.S. - China Relations.  Strategic Studies Quarterly 2:33-55 Spring 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.maxwell.af.mil/au/ssq/2008/Spring/blazejewski.pdf

Caceres, Marco.  China Ramps Up Its Launch Program.  Aerospace America 46:16-18 September 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Industry Insights1.pdf

China's First Spacewalk.  Nature 455:581 October 2, 2008.
Zhai Zhigang became the first Chinese astronaut, or taikonaut, to spacewalk on September 27, 2008.

Chunsi, Wu.  China's Outer Space Activities:  Motivations, Goals, and Policy.  Strategic Analysis 32:621-635 July 2008.

Coppinger, Robert.  Red Dragon Rising:  An Analysis of China's Manned Space Programme.  Spaceflight:  The Magazine of Astronautics and Outer Space  50:62-66 February 2008.

De Selding, Peter B.  China's Satnav Progress Stokes Concerns about Galileo Overlap.  Space News 20:1+ January 12, 2009.
European government officials are concerned that China will launch a constellation of navigation and timing satellites fitted with an encrypted government-only signal that overlaps the military-level signal Europe plans for its own Galileo constellation to be launched around 2013.

Elmhirst, Sophie.  China's Final Frontier.  New Statesman 138:37-39 February 9, 2009.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=36412627&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Forden, Geoffrey.  Viewpoint:  China and Space War.  Astropolitics 6:138-153 May-August 2008.
Examines the possibilities of a Chinese assault on American satellites.

Kaiser, Stefan A.  Viewpoint:  Chinese Anti-Satellite Weapons:  New Power Geometry and New Legal Policy.  Astropolitics 6:313-323 September-December 2008.

Lele, Ajey.  China's Posture in Space and Its Implications.  Strategic Analysis 32:605-620 July 2008.

Milowicki, Gene V.  Strategic Choices:  Examining the United States Military Response to the Chinese Anti-Satellite Test.  Astropolitics 6:1-21 January-April 2008.
Argues that the US military has three basic perspectives from which to react to the test. First, it can prepare to act offensively to eliminate threats.  Secondly, it can choose to develop and field defensive systems.  Finally, it can engage in space security cooperation to protect US and international space-based assets and defuse an arms race.

Moss, Trefor.  Space Race.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:26-30 October 29, 2008.
Focuses on the advancement of space technologies and capabilities of Asian countries.

Wortzel, Larry M.  The Chinese People's Liberation Army and Space Warfare.  Astropolitics 6:112-137 May-August 2008.
The People's Liberation Army has carefully absorbed and is reacting to what the American armed forces have published on space warfare and counterspace operations.  Chinese strategists and legal scholars are engaged in an internal debate on how traditional ideas of sovereignty and the laws of war apply in space.


Europe

Internet Resource

Dorminey, Bruce.  Europe's Space Revolution.  Astronomy 36:28-33 September 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=33448020&site=ehost-live


Book

Chapman, Bert.  Space Warfare and Defense:  A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC Clio, 2008.  403 p.
Other Countries' Space Weapons Programs:  Europe, pp 207-215.
Book call no.:  358.8 C466s


Periodicals

Clery, Daniel.  Cloudy Future for Europe's Space Plans.  Science 322:1180-1181 November 21, 2008.
Discusses how the global financial crisis could affect the European Space Agency's (ESA) plans to launch space missions.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35781405&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

De Selding, Peter B.  As European Space Agency Grows, New Members Face Familiar Problem.  Space News 20:6 February 9, 2009.
The problems facing prospective ESA members include the difficulties of developing a national space industry with a tiny space budget, and how to invest those limited resources in ways that avoid competition for contracts with ESA's well-armed larger members.

De Selding, Peter B.  Despite SSA Collaboration, Europe Leery of U.S. Intentions.  Space News 20:6 January 19, 2009.
The U.S. and Europe have opened a regular channel for cooperating on space surveillance issues as Europe begins a program that could lead to its own version of the U.S. Space Surveillance Network.  But European officials continue to be wary of U.S. intentions following what they say was a U.S. diplomatic effort in late 2008 to scuttle Europe's fledgling space situational awareness program.

De Selding, Peter B.  ESA Budget Boosts Earth Observation Funding by 45 Percent.  Space News 20:10 January 19, 2009.
Includes a chart showing how the European Space Agency's budget is allocated.

De Selding, Peter B.  ESA Governments Reach Accord on Multiyear Space Spending Program.  Space News 19:1+ December 1, 2008.
European governments approved about $12.6 billion in new financing for the European Space Agency, with major new funding for Earth observation and meteorological satellites.

De Selding, Peter B.  EU Satellite Center Gains Access to European Recon Data.  Space News 19:10 December 8, 2008.
France, Germany and Italy have agreed, for the first time, to give the European Union both free and paid access to their military observation satellites.

De Selding, Peter B.  Eumetstat Moves to Strengthen International Cooperative Ties.  Space News 19:4 July 7, 2008.
Europe's weather satellite organization has strengthened its cooperation with the Chinese and Russian meteorological agencies and reinforced its ties with the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

De Selding, Peter B.  Rest of Europe Cool to French Missile Warning Ambitions.  Space News 19:13 October 27, 2008.
The French Defense Ministry has been unable to persuade its European partners to develop a joint missile-warning satellite system despite years of quiet lobbying.

ESA (European Space Agency) Approves Space Situational Awareness Program.  C4ISR Journal 7:8 July 2008.
ESA governments have tentatively approved a three-year space surveillance program that would begin by operating existing ground-based radars and optical telescopes as a single network.

Henry, Philippe and others.  The Militarization and Weaponization of Space:  Towards a European Space Deterrent.  Space Policy 24:61-66 May 2008.

Hill, Nicholas.  Launcher Development in the United Kingdom.  Space Chronicle:  Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 61, Supplement 1:45-53 2008.

Kidger, Neville.  Europe's First Space Tug Heads for Space Station.  Spaceflight:  The Magazine of Astronautics and Outer Space  50:174-175 May 2008.
In March 2008, the European Space Agency launched the first Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV).

Simpson, Clive.  Astronauts and Inspiration -- or Lost in Space?  Spaceflight:  The Magazine of Astronautics and Outer Space 50:132-135 April 2008.
The United Kingdom's government plans to launch a formal review into whether British astronauts should take part in the future international exploration of space.

Taverna, Michael A. and Barrie, Douglas.  Hare and Tortoise.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 169:166-167 July 14, 2008.
Focuses on signs that the space intelligence policy of Europe's two strategic powers may be beginning to converge.  France has pursued an independent capability.  Great Britain, with the notable exception of communications, has preferred to rely on privileged access to U.S. assets.  A growing realization of the strategic importance of space is causing military planners to consider reassessing the British position.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=33950052&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Wilmouth, Rupert C. and Sivalingam, Raj.  The New UK Civil Space Strategy, 2008-2012.  Space Policy 24:90-94 May 2008.

Wilson, J. R.  EGNOS Enhances Positioning Accuracy.  Aerospace America 46:38-41 January 2008.
The European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service, which augments signals from systems such as GPS, will have applications far beyond aviation.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/WILSON_Jan2008.pdf

Withington, Tom.  Europe's Declaration of Independence.  C4ISR Journal 7:14+ September 2008.
The EU and the European Space Agency are in the midst of developing a $3.6 billion constellation of satellites called the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) system.  EU officials had grown leery of relying exclusively on U.S. intelligence, or intelligence from any single country.


India

Periodicals

Ananthaswamy, Anil.  Asian Nations Embark on New Era of Lunar Exploration.  New Scientist 199:10 November 1, 2008.
Reports on the lunar ventures of China, India and Japan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35270336&site=ehost-live

De Selding, Peter B.  India Places First Moon Mission into Lunar Transfer Orbit.  Space News 19:10 October 27, 2008.

Gopalaswamy, Bharath.  Indian Space Policy:  Aiming Higher.  Space News 19:21+ July 21, 2008.

India Makes History with Launch of Moon Mission.  Nature 455:1163 October 30, 2008.

Jayaraman, K. S.  India Plans First Manned Mission with Assistance from Russian Space Agency.  Space News 20:11 February 2, 2009.

Matthews, Neelam.  Joining the Club.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 169:28-29 October 27, 2008.
Discusses the expansion of India's international space cooperation role with its Chandrayaan-1 Moon mission.  India is moving into a more active role in the international community of spacefaring nations as its Chandrayaan-1 probe heads toward lunar orbit following a flawless launch October 22, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35387249&site=ehost-live

Menon, Subhadra.  India's Rise to the Moon.  Nature 455:874-875 October 16, 2008.
Discusses India's space exploration program, and traces its foundations.

Mohanty, Deba R.  Integrated Space Cell:  An Indian Tale.  Military Technology 32, no. 9:11 2008.
Discusses India's efforts to enhance its space power by creating an Integrated Space Cell.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34736986&site=ehost-live

Pant, Harsh V. and Bharath, Gopalaswamy.  India's Emerging Missile Capability:  The Science and Politics of Agni-III.  Comparative Strategy 27:376-387 July-September 2008.
Examines the evolution of the Agni family of missiles, followed by an explication of the role that India's space program has played in supporting Indian ballistic missile program.


Iran

Periodicals

Brinton, Turner.  Iran's Satellite Launch Viewed as a Sign of Ballistic Missile Progress.  Space News 20:14 February 9, 2009.

Crail, Peter.  Iran Space Launch Raises Missile Concerns.  Arms Control Today 38:41-42 September 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2008_09/IranSpace

Gelfand, Lauren and Ben-David, Alon.  Iran's Two-Stage SLV Test Launch Is Quantum Leap in Technology.  Jane's Defence Weekly 45:17 August 27, 2008.
Reports on the two-stage firing test of a Safir satelite launch vehicle (SLV) launched by Iran on August 16, 2008.  The first test failed when the first-stage motor broke down.  In the second firing test, the Safir SLV was successfully launched from the Semnan space-research centre.  This successful event was said to uplift Iranian's whole technological infrastructure.


Israel

Periodicals

Chaim Eshed.  Defense News 23:70 September 22, 2008.
An interview with Chaim Eshed, director of the space research and development of the Israel Ministry of Defense (MoD) and the co-founder of the Israel Space Agency.

Clark, Phillip S.  Israel's Ofeq and EROS Satellite Programmes.  Space Chronicle:  Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 61, Supplement 1:3-27 2008.

Eshel, David.  Israel Aerospace Industry Study.  Military Technology 32, no. 7:108-113 2008.
Focuses on the priorities for Israel's aerospace industry for 2008-2010.  Prospective projects include sophisticated surveillance and communications satellites.  It also plans to launch unmanned platforms for ground, air and naval ISR surveillance and other missions.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=33937924&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Opall-Rome, Barbara.  Conference Highlights Untapped Potential of Israeli Space Program.  Space News 20:15 February 2, 2009.


Japan

Periodicals

Ananthaswamy, Anil.  Asian Nations Embark on New Era of Lunar Exploration.  New Scientist 199:10 November 1, 2008.
Reports on the lunar ventures of China, India and Japan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35270336&site=ehost-live

Ianotta, Ben.  Japan's Kaguya Probes Moon's Mysteries.  Aerospace America 46:42-45 June 2008.
In September 2007, Japan's Kaguya spacecraft blasted off for lunar orbit laden with instruments that are generating a flood of new information about the Moon.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Kaguya_Aerospace_JUN2008_REVISED.pdf

Japan Allows Military to Operate in Space.  New Scientist 198:7 May 17, 2008.
In response to increasing domestic concern over the threat posed by Northern Korea and China, Japan's government developed a bill that allows the Japanese defence ministry to deploy satellites for non-aggressive missions, communications, and surveillance.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32127078&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kallender-Umezu, Paul.  At Long Last, Japan Gears Up for Space Station Research Program.  Space News 19:11 June 16, 2008.

Kallender-Umezu, Paul.  Basic Law Charts New Course for Japanese Space Activities.  Space News 19:11+ December 15, 2008.

Kallender-Umezu, Paul.  Japan Gears Up for Expansion of Military Space Activities.  Space News 19:A4 (Military Space section) November 10, 2008.

Suzuki, Kazuto.  A Brand New Space Policy or Just Papering Over a Political Glitch? Japan's New Space Law in the Making.  Space Policy 24:171-174 November 2008.


Korea

Periodical

Quine, Tony.  Korea Celebrates First Space Mission.  Spaceflight:  The Magazine of Astronautics and Outer Space 50:213-215 June 2008.


Russia

Internet Resource

Putin Pumps It Up.  GPS World 19:14-15 October 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=35027613&site=ehost-live
Discusses Russia's allocation of $2.6 billion to further develop the GLONASS space program.  The Russian Space Agency (Roscomos) plans to increase the number of GLONASS satellites from 16 to 30 by 2011.


Books

Chapman, Bert.  Space Warfare and Defense:  A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC Clio, 2008.  403 p.
Other Countries' Space Weapons Programs:  Russia/Soviet Union, pp 183-198.
Book call no.:  358.8 C466s

Harvey, Brian.  The Rebirth of the Russian Space Program:  50 Years after Sputnik, New Frontiers.  New York, Springer, 2007.  355 p.
Book call no.:  629.40947 H341rb

Harvey, Brian.  Russian Planetary Exploration:  History, Development, Legacy, Prospects.  New York, Springer, 2007.  351 p.
Book call no.:  629.40947 H341ra


Periodicals

Abdullaev, Nabi.  With Financial Crisis as Backdrop, Russia Outlines Busy 2009 Agenda.  Space News 20:12 February 2, 2009.

Oberg, James.  Angara Boosts Russia's Launch Prospects.  Aerospace America 47:36-41 January 2009.
The Angara family of launch vehicles, designed to replace all current Russian space boosters except the Soyuz launcher, is just two years from its first orbital mission.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_Angara_JAN2009.pdf

Saradzhyan, Simon.  Russian Report:  Domestic Space Industry Comparatively Inefficient.  Space News 19:7 April 21, 2008.
A Russian government report concluded that the country's space-industry workers are far less productive than their U.S. and European counterparts, a finding attributed in large part to excess plant capacity and equipment obsolescence.

Zak, Anatoly.  Mission Possible.  Air & Space Smithsonian 23:60 August-September 2008.
Discusses Russia's Phobos-Grunt mission, planned for launch in October 2009.  The probe may become the first to land on Phobos, the larger of Mars' two moons, and marks the revival of Russian planetary science after two decades of decline.


Planetary Defense


Internet Resources

Association of Space Explorers, Committee on Near-Earth Objects.  Reports.  Houston, TX,
Available online at:  http://www.space-explorers.org/committees/NEO/neo.html
Links to various articles and reports.

Planetary Defense Library.  Washington, National Space Society, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.nss.org/resources/library/planetarydefense/index.htm

Talcott, Richard.  How We Junked Up Outer Space.  Astronomy 36:40-43 June 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31881753&site=ehost-live


Periodicals

Ailor, William.  Planetary Defense:  Are We Ready?  Aerospace America 46:26-31 January 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/VIEWPOINT_Jan2008.pdf

Asteroid Threat? The Problem of Planetary Defence.  Survival 50:141-156 October 2008.

Corneille, Philip.  Avoiding Catastrophe:  Near Earth Asteroids.  Spaceflight:  The Magazine of Astronautics and Outer Space 50:395-399

Garretson, Peter and Kaupa, Douglas.  Planetary Defense:  Potential Mitigation Roles of the Department of Defense.  Air & Space Power Journal 22:34-41 Fall 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj08/fal08/garretson.html

Jones, Thomas D.  Asteroid Deflection:  Planning for the Inevitable.  Aerospace America 46:14-17 October 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/View from Here1.pdf


Satellite Applications
General Information | Communications | Earth ObservationIntelligence, Surveillance, and ReconnaissanceMissile WarningNavigation


General Information

Internet Resources

Dorland, Bryan N. and Gaume, Ralph A.  The J-MAPS Mission:  Improvements to Orientation Infrastructure and Support for Space Situational Awareness.  Washington, Naval Observatory, September 2007.  8 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA483320
The Joint Milli-Arcsecond Pathfinder Survey (J-MAPS) mission is a star mapping microsat mission proposed for launch in the 2011 timeframe.

Ricard, Michael and others.  The Earth Phenomena Observing System:  Intelligent Autonomy for Satellite Operations.  Cambridge, MA, Charles Stark Draper Lab, Inc, June 2003.  13 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA484897

Stout, Mark.  Four Satellite Shoot Down Myths.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aunews/archive/0305/Articles/FourSatelliteShootDownMyths.html


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Kahraman, Mesut O.  A Constraint Based Approach for Building Operationally Responsive Satellites.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Engineering and Management, September 2008.  146 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA487564
Focuses on developing a new approach for creating Responsive Satellites from Plug-and-Play (PnP) components.

Schmunk, Matthew M.  Initial Determination of Low Earth Orbits Using Commercial Telescopes.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, March 2008.  90 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485325
Developments such as inexpensive but high-quality sensors, rapid personal computing, and easy networking inspire a reexamination of an old problem:  how practical is it to develop initial orbit estimates for Low Earth Orbiting (LEO) satellites using optical tracking?  This paper documents the design and implementation of a commercial telescope system used to answer precisely that question.

Tsiotras, Panagiotis and others.  Coordinated Resource Allocation Among Multiple Agents With Application to Autonomous Refueling and Servicing of Satellite Constellations.  Atlanta, Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Aerospace Engineering, March 2008.  19 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA479643
The authors' objective was to develop new methods for high-level decentralized control of multiple space agents (i.e., satellites and spacecraft) with the objective of coordinated action and decision making.


Books

Defense Strategy and Forces:  Setting Future Directions, edited by Richmond M. Lloyd.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, November 13-15, 2007.  323 p.
Implications of the Changing Use of Orbital Space for Future Air and Space Forces, by Barry D. Watts, pp 199-221.  Argues that the military and civilian exploitation of satellites has undergone enormous transformation since 1985, with far-reaching implications for future American air and space forces.
Also available online at:  http://www.nwc.navy.mil/academics/courses/nsdm/documents/Ruger2007.pdf
Book call no.:  355.033073 N318d


Documents (Student Research)

Manor, Michael.  Autonomous Defensive Space Control Via On-Board Artificial Neural Networks.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  43 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 M285a

Ziegler, Dustin.  Persistent Space Situational Awareness:  Distributed Real-Time Awareness Global Network in Space (Dragnets).  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  45 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 Z666p


Periodicals

Bachelder, Robert S.  Shared Space.  Christian Century 125:24-27 July 1, 2008.
Comments on the growing commercialization of data from satellites in outer space.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32917763&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ianotta, Ben.  Space Protection:  How Far Will America Go to Protect Its Satellites?  C4ISR Journal 7:18-21 June 2008.

Marshall, Will.  Reducing the Vulnerability of Space Assets:  A Multitiered Microsatellite Constellation Architecture.  Astropolitics 6:154-199 May-August 2008.

Mathews, William.  Cluster Solution:  "Fractionated" Satellites Could Boost Flexibility.  C4ISR Journal 7:33 May 2008.
In place of today's large, one-piece satellites, DARPA wants satellite components that can be launched separately and fly in a cluster, perhaps 100 kilometers across or more.  These satellite modules would be linked by wireless communication to function as a single satellite.  When a component fails, a new component could be launched to join the cluster as a replacement.

Putrich, Gayle S.  High-Tech Satellites Breed Higher Expectations.  Defense News 23:11-12 April 7, 2008.

Space Security.  Military Technology 32, no. 8:26-29 2008.
A reprint of the article "Space Security," which appeared in "Strategic Comments."  It stresses the increasing dependence on satellites and highlights its six main terrestrial applications, including telecommunications and broadcasting and military operations.  It also examines four areas of vulnerabilities in satellite networks, such as launch and control sites and communication links, which raise concerns about the security of systems.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34060147&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Warwick, Graham.  Rethinking Space.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 169:70-71 August 18, 2008.
Describes the plan of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to develop technology for quicker, cheaper launches of smaller satellites that can cooperate in orbit.

Wilson, J. R.  Orbital Express:  Rendezvous and Renewal.  Aerospace America 46:38-43 March 2008.
Discusses the challenges faced by the Orbital Express Space Operations Architecture program of DoD's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), which is designed to test the practicality and ability of two satellites in orbit.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Wilson_MAR2008.pdf 

Wilson, J. R.  Satellite System F6:  Divide and Conquer.  Aerospace America 47:30-34+ February 2009.
A radical new approach to launching, operating, and maintaining satellites is under development at DARPA.  It involves replacing today's monolithic satellites with clusters of small, wirelessly linked spacecraft, each one providing a unique function.  Together their capabilities would equal or exceed those of today's satellites, with far more flexibility and lower cost.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_System F6_FEB2009.pdf


Satellite Applications:  Communications

Internet Resources

Serving the Military's Satcom Needs Through Hosted Commercial Payloads.  Satellite News 31:2 November 12, 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=35341043&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Steinberger, Jessica A.  A Survey of Satellite Communications System Vulnerabilities.  Kelly AFB, TX, Joint Electronic Warfare Center, June 2008.  140 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA487592
Dissects a typical satellite communications system in order to provide an understanding of the possible attacker entry points into the system, determine the vulnerabilities associated with each of these access points, and analyze the possible impacts of these vulnerabilities to U.S. military operations.  Author concludes that the satellite antenna is the most vulnerable component of the satellite communications system's space segment.


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Collier, Corey M. and Kacala, Jeffrey C.  A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Tactical Satellites, High-Altitude Long-Endurance Airships, and High and Medium Altitude Unmanned Aerial Systems for ISR and Communication Missions.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2008.  181 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA488904

Conrad, Brian H. and Tzanos, Ioannis.  A Conceptual Framework for Tactical Private Satellite Networks.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2008.  207 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA488784
Examines the current state of military satellite communications and analyzes current trends in the commercial satellite communications market that support military command and control, as well as facilitate network operations.

Forest, Benjamin D.  An Analysis of Military Use of Commercial Satellite Communications.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2008.  89 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA488621


Document (Student Research)

Daniels, Gerald B.  The Loss of Military Satellite Communications Capability and Its Impact to National Security.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air War College, 2007.  29 p.
Also available online at:  https://research.au.af.mil/papers/ay2007/awc/Daniels.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43117 D1861


Periodicals

Baddeley, Adam.  MILSATCOM:  Satellite Communications for the Warfighter.  Military Technology 32, no. 5:64-66+ 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32825297&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Brinton, Turner.  Future of Air Force's WGS Constellation Still Undecided.  Space News 20:12 January 26, 2009.
The requirements community within DoD has recommended a future architecture for the USAF's Wideband Global Satcom communications system that would keep eight satellites on orbit through 2025.

Brinton, Turner.  Military Demand for Commercial Satcom Projected to Increase.  Space News 20:12 January 26, 2009.

Brinton, Turner.  Technical Issues Cause AEHF Cost Growth, Launch Delay.  Space News 20:7 January 5, 2009.
Technical issues and the need to swap out some faulty components have delayed the Air Force's first Advanced Extremely High Frequency secure communications satellite and added some $259 million to the program's overall cost.

Butler, Amy.  UHF Bonanza.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 169:48-49 December 8, 2008.
The U.S. Navy is planning to launch the first of a new series of ultra-high-frequency satellites that will begin providing third-generation (3G)-type commercial cellular communications capabilities to military users by 2010.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35786090&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Butler, Amy and Mecham, Michael.  Protecting Comms.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 169:47-49 December 8, 2008.
Reports that Lockheed Martin will continue work on its first Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) spacecraft as the U.S. Department of Defense debates how to proceed with the Transformational Satellite (TSAT) program.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35786089&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Butler, Amy and Mecham, Michael.  Wideband Solution.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 169:44-46 December 8, 2008.
Discusses the Wideband Global Satcom (WGS) satellite, which has been in orbit over the Pacific Ocean for a year.  It provides the same amount of high-bandwidth capacity as the entire Defense Satellite Communications System (DSCS) that WGS is beginning to replace.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35786088&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Commercial Communications Satellites for the Moon.  IEEE Spectrum 46:11 February 2009.

Glass, Jon W.  Delta Wave:  U.S. Forces in Iraq, Afghanistan Up Next for Better Satcom.  C4ISR Journal 7:33-35 September 2008.
Describes the Wideband Global Satcom system, which will replace the aging Defense Satellite Communications System (DSCS).

Jameson, Hugh.  Satcom on the Move.  Armada International 33:44-50 February 2009.
Discusses the modern digital communication system for command and control and intelligence available to battlefield commanders.  The satellite communication-on-the-move maintains its connectivity to the satellite when traveling across country in a vehicle.

Livanos, Alexis.  Military's Achilles Heel.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 169:82 July 28, 2008.
Argues that the pervasive use of unprotected satellite communications may leave the U.S. and its allies highly vulnerable as adversaries increasingly seek to deny them an information advantage.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34009234&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Magnuson, Stew.  "T-Sat Lite" on Tap to Replace Troubled Satellite Program.  National Defense 93:38 January 2009.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=1626606401&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Singer, Jeremy.  Restructuring Was Necessary to Keep T-Sat Affordable.  Space News 20:11 January 26, 2009.
Gary Payton, deputy undersecretary of the Air Force for space, said the scaled-back T-Sat system represents a big leap forward over the current Milstar secure satellite communications system and its immediate successor, the Advanced Extremely High Frequency system.

Singer, Jeremy.  U.S. Pushes Ahead with Long-Delayed T-Sat Acquisition.  C4ISR Journal 7:8 October 2008.

Singer, Jeremy.  USAF Sees Surveillance Potential in Commercial Comsats.  Space News 19:18 April 7, 2008.


Satellite Applications:  Earth Observation

Internet Resource

Government Accountability Office.  Environmental Satellites:  Polar-Orbiting Satellite Acquisition Faces Delays; Decisions Needed on Whether and How to Ensure Climate Data Continuity.  Washington, GAO, May 2008.  54 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA482677


Periodicals

De Selding, Peter B.  ESA Budget Boosts Earth Observation Funding by 45 Percent.  Space News 20:10 January 19, 2009.
Includes a chart showing how the European Space Agency's budget is allocated.

Ianotta, Ben.  Searching for Sources and Sinks.  Aerospace America 46:38-42 April 2008.
The US and Japan are developing two new satellites that could provide a bird's-eye view of the sources of atmospheric carbon dioxide.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Searching for Sources & Sinks_APR20081.pdf

Onoda, Masami.  Satellite Observation of Greenhouse Gases:  Monitoring the Climate Change Regime.  Space Policy 24:190-198 November 2008.

RAX Cubesats:  Keeping a Weather Eye on Space.  Aerospace America 47:28-29 January 2009.
A new series of small cube-shaped satellites will enable scientists to conduct space weather research that would be impossible with other instruments.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_Engineering Notebook_JAN2009.pdf


Satellite Applications:  Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance

Internet Resource

Best, Richard A. Jr. and Elsea, Jennifer K.  Satellite Surveillance:  Domestic Issues.  Washington, Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, March 2008.  30 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA478852


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Collier, Corey M. and Kacala, Jeffrey C.  A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Tactical Satellites, High-Altitude Long-Endurance Airships, and High and Medium Altitude Unmanned Aerial Systems for ISR and Communication Missions.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, September 2008.  181 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA488904

McKenna, Sean S.  The Final Frontier:  News Media's Use of Commercial Satellite Imagery During Wartime.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, April 2006.  36 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475592


Document (Student Research)

Bell, William Scott.  Commercial Eyes in Space:  Implications for U.S. Military Operations in 2030.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  54 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 B435c


Periodicals

Adde, Nick.  Closing In:  New U.S. Imagery Satellite Underscores Public-Private Cost-Sharing Debate.  C4ISR Journal 7:30-31 July 2008.

Blamont, Jacques.  We the People:  Consequences of the Revolution in the Management of Space Applications.  Space Policy 24:13-21 February 2008.
The creation of Google Earth has initiated a new market for space imaging.  The distribution of data could replace their production as the driving factor in the development of the image business, up to the point where the managers of the flow of information would control and finance the space system, as operators do with satcoms.

Martinez, Brandon.  Successes from the Field:  Space Technology -- The Role of Commercial Satellite Imagery.  Army Space Journal 7:44-49 Summer 2008.


Missile Warning

Periodicals

Brinton, Turner.  DSP Constellation Health Concerns Prompt Plan for Gap-Filler Satellite.  Space News 19:1+ November 24, 2008.
New concerns about the Defense Support Program missile warning satellite constellation have prompted the US Department of Defense to rapidly pursue a new satellite to hedge against a potential coverage gap around 2014.

Singer, Jeremy.  Missile Warning Satellites Could Get Much Smaller.  Space News 19:16 April 7, 2008.

Sirak, Michael and Schanz, Marc.  DSP Satellite in Trouble.  Air Force Magazine 92:13-16 February 2009.
Reports that the last Defense Support Program (DSP) missile warning satellite to join the highly classified DSP constellation is malfunctioning and could pose a problem for other spacecraft.


Navigation

Internet Resource

Moudrak, A. and others.  Timing Aspects of GPS-Galileo Interoperability:  Challenges and Solutions.  Wessling, Germany, Institute of Communications and Navigation, December 2004.  15 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485079
Conference paper, presented at the Annual Precise Time and Time Interval (PTTI) Meeting (36th) held in Washington, DC, on 7-9 December 2004.


Internet Resource (Student Research)

Constantine, Roftiel.  GPS and Galileo:  Friendly Foes?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University, Air Force Fellows Program, May 2008.  84 p.  (Walker paper no. 12).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA484265
The European Union is developing Galileo, its own global positioning and navigation satellite system, scheduled to be operational by 2010.  The EU states that Galileo will provide greater precision than is currently available from the United States' global positioning system (GPS) through improved coverage of satellite signals at higher latitudes, and, unlike GPS, Galileo is guaranteed to be always available -- even during war or political disagreement.  Regarding the enormous importance of GPS to the United States and millions of users worldwide, the prospect of a second, competing, and potentially interfering global satellite navigation system could have serious military, foreign policy, and industrial implications.


Document (Student Research)

Malasavage, Theresa.  On the Right Course:  The Department of Defense's Balancing Act Between Military and Civilian Users of the Global Positioning System.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  28 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 M238o


Periodicals

Anderson, Jon M.  Military Positioning, Navigation, and Timing:  Strategic Challenges and Opportunities.  High Frontier 4:32-37 May 2008.

De Selding, Peter B.  China's Satnav Progress Stokes Concerns about Galileo Overlap.  Space News 20:1+ January 12, 2009.
European government officials are concerned that China will launch a constellation of navigation and timing satellites fitted with an encrypted government-only signal that overlaps the military-level signal Europe plans for its own Galileo constellation to be launched around 2013.

De Selding, Peter B.  Half of Galileo PRS Users Expected to Be Military.  Space News 19:6 June 30, 2008.

Gadimova, Sharafat and Haubold, Hans J.  The International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems:  Building a System of Systems for a Global World.  High Frontier 4:22-24 May 2008.

GPS On and Off the Battlefield:  An Interview with Brig. Gen. John E. Hyten.  High Frontier 4:9-14 May 2008.

Ianotta, Ben.  Spreading the eLoran Message:  Advocates of Ground Backup for GPS Raise Interest but not Funds.  C4ISR Journal 7:22+ April 2008.

Martin, Harold W. and Petrofski, Walter.  Controlling GPS:  Architecture Evolution Plan and Beyond.  High Frontier 4:38-41 May 2008.

Schechter, Erik.  Position Fix:  GPS Signal Promises Better Accuracy, Less Interference.  C4ISR Journal 7:20-22 August 2008.

Singer, Jeremy.  Draper System Offers Troops Navigation in GPS Dead Zones.  Space News 20:16 February 2, 2009.

Wagner, John and others.  GPS:  Mission Success Through Responsive Spacecraft Processing.  High Frontier 4:42-46 May 2008.

Wilson, J. R.  EGNOS Enhances Positioning Accuracy.  Aerospace America 46:38-41 January 2008.
The European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service, which augments signals from systems such as GPS, will have applications far beyond aviation.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/WILSON_Jan2008.pdf

Wong, Alice A. and Clore, Ray E.  Promoting International Civil GNSS Cooperation Through Diplomacy.  High Frontier 4:25-27 May 2008.

Wussler, Donald E.  Global Positioning Systems:  Space-Based PNT for Today and Tomorrow.  High Frontier 4:28-31 May 2008.


Space Control and Counterspace


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Burke, Alan W.  Space Threat Warning:  Foundation for Space Superiority:  Avoiding a Space Pearl Harbor.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air War College, April 2006.  30 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476999
Describes the development and gradual erosion of US space threat warning capabilities, emerging threats, and implications for national security should the US fail to field a robust space threat warning and attack verification capability.

Fox, Scott M.  Deterring and Dissuading in Space:  A Systems Approach.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  33 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA480178
Evaluates the concepts of dissuasion and deterrence, identifying the importance of each in a new defense policy spectrum.  Also addresses space control operations, the means used to ensure friendly access to necessary space capabilities and to deny the same to an adversary.


Books

Moore, Mike.  Twilight War:  The Folly of U.S. Space Dominance.  Oakland, CA, The Independent Institute, 2008.  390 p.
Book call no.:  358.80973 M823t

United States.  Air Force.  Space & C4ISR CONOPS:  Final.  Washington, United States Air Force, April 28, 2006.  49 p.
Book call no.:  358.80973 U584s


Documents (Student Research)

Galbreath, Charles S.  The Space Triad:  A Joint Concept for Space Power.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  33 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 G1481s

Manor, Michael.  Autonomous Defensive Space Control Via On-Board Artificial Neural Networks.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  43 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 M285a

Wiest, Todd E.  Upon This Rock:  A Foundational Space Situational Awareness Technology for 2030.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  38 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 W652u

Ziegler, Dustin.  Persistent Space Situational Awareness:  Distributed Real-Time Awareness Global Network in Space (Dragnets).  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  45 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 Z666p


Periodicals

Horne, Jeffrey C.  Transforming National Space Security:  Enabling DoD and Intelligence Community Defensive Space Control Collaboration.  High Frontier 4:15-16 August 2008.

Marshall, Will.  Reducing the Vulnerability of Space Assets:  A Multitiered Microsatellite Constellation Architecture.  Astropolitics 6:154-199 May-August 2008.

Noble, Michael.  Export Controls and United States Space Power.  Astropolitics 6:251-312 September-December 2008.
Evaluates the efficacy of current export controls in preventing the proliferation of space technologies and maintaining United States advantage.


Space Debris


Periodicals

Lack of Laws Led to China Satellite Debris Disaster.  New Scientist 199:6 October 18, 2008.
Reports that the destruction of a defunct weather satellite by China is the result of its failure to translate an international agreement on domestic law.  The debris from the satellite caused an orbiting blizzard of long-lived shards.  The Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee defined the guidelines on the mitigation of space debris.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35010293&site=ehost-live

Marks, Paul.  Network-Style Attack Could Reduce the Threat from Space Debris.  New Scientist 199:26 October 11, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34799852&site=ehost-live

Reichhardt, Tony.  Satellite Smashers.  Air & Space Smithsonian 22:50-53 March 2008.
Reports on the efforts by several space debris experts from around the world to develop ways to remove orbital debris.  The two ideas being considered involve systems for clearing out particles smaller than ten centimeters and schemes for de-orbiting large objects like whole rocket bodies.

Robson, David.  Calling Occupants of Interplanetary Craft, Danger Ahead.  New Scientist 199:24-25 September 18, 2008.
Reports on the growing concern over space debris, and efforts by space agencies to establish a space traffic control system.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35014840&site=ehost-live

Space Debris to Be Legacy of Space War.  New Scientist 198:23 April 26, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31907296&site=ehost-live

Than, Ker.  Orbital Cleanup.  Popular Science 273:30-31 July 2008.
Discusses efforts to avoid and remove space debris left by space travel.  Nicholas Johnson, chief scientist for orbital debris at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, comments on several possible solutions.  Future satellites may be equipped with electrodynamic tethers that would generate an electric current which push the satellite through the atmosphere until it is burned up.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32440225&site=ehost-live


Space Exploration


Internet Resources

Doyle, Richard J.  Autonomy Needs and Trends in Deep Space Exploration.  Pasadena, CA, California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Lab, June 2003.  13 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485027

Reddy, Francis.  Calling All Space Probes.  Astronomy 36:64-65 October 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34095634&site=ehost-live
Discusses the various types of spacecraft that are conducting research in outer space.  Presents a profile of each spacecraft, including its launch date, national affiliation, and mission.


Internet Resource (Student Research)

Aytekin, Yasin and Long, Nicholas.  A Managerial Approach to NASA's Cultural Changes:  Open System Model.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2007.  139 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA475773


Books

Aeronautical and Astronautical Resources of the Library of Congress:  A Comprehensive Guide, prepared by Ronald S. Wilkinson and others.  Washington, Library of Congress, 2007. 
The table of contents is online at:  http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0710/2007005738.html

Book call no.:  016.6291 W687a

Baker, Philip.  The Story of Manned Space Stations:  An Introduction.  New York, Springer, 2007.  170 p.
Book call no.:  629.442 B168s

Duggins, Pat.  Final Countdown:  NASA and the End of the Space Shuttle Program.  Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2007.  249 p.
Book call no.:  629.454 D866f

Harvey, Brian.  Russian Planetary Exploration:  History, Development, Legacy, Prospects.  New York, Springer, 2007.  351 p.
Book call no.:  629.40947 H341ra

Harvey, Brian.  Soviet and Russian Lunar Exploration.  New York, Springer, 2007.  317 p.
Book call no.:  629.4353 H341s

Heiken, Grant and Jones, Eric.  On the Moon:  The Apollo Journals.  New York, Springer, 2007.  492 p.
Book call no.:  629.4540973 H465o

Mindell, David A.  Digital Apollo:  Human and Machine in Spaceflight.  Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2008.  p
Book call no.:  629.474 M663d

Rapp, Donald.  Human Missions to Mars:  Enabling Technologies for Exploring the Red Planet.  Berlin, Springer, 2007.  520 p.
Book call no.:  629.4553 R221h

Reynolds, David West.  Kennedy Space Center:  Gateway to Space.  Buffalo, NY, Firefly Books, 2006.  248 p.
Book call no.:  629.478 R462k

Woods, W. David.  How Apollo Flew to the Moon.  New York, Springer, 2008.  412 p.
Book call no.:  629.4540973 W898h

Young, Anthony.  Lunar and Planetary Rovers:  The Wheels of Apollo and the Quest for Mars.  New York, Springer, 2007.  305 p.
Book call no.:  629.8932 Y66L


Document (Student Research)

Myrhe, Robert.  Houston, You Have a Problem:  Will Manned Spaceflight Wear Out Its Welcome?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  29 p.
Argues that NASA should restructure its proposed manned spaceflight program to ensure the success of NASA’s future manned spaceflight program following the retirement of the Space Shuttle program in 2010.
Also available online at:  https://research.au.af.mil/papers/ay2007/acsc/Myhre-1373.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 M9964h


Periodicals

April, Robert.  Where Next, Columbus?   Spaceflight:  The Magazine of Astronautics and Outer Space 50:467-475 December 2008.
Discusses NASA's future planetary exploration plans.

Beattie, Donald A.  New Lunar Exploration:  Is Our Nearest Neighbor a Worthwhile Goal?  Spaceflight:  The Magazine of Astronautics and Outer Space 50:101-107 March 2008.

Broniatowski, David A. and Weigel, Annalisa L.  The Political Sustainability of Space Exploration.  Space Policy 24:148-157 August 2008.

Broniatowski, David Andre and others.  A Framework for Evaluating International Cooperation in Space Exploration.  Space Policy 24:181-189 November 2008.

Covault, Craig.  A Lander's Legacy.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 169:30-35 November 17, 2008.
Discusses the legacy of the Phoenix Mars lander, which ceased transmissions on November 2, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35650657&site=ehost-live

Covault, Craig and Morring, Frank Jr.  Water, Water Everywhere.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 169:56-59 October 20, 2008.
Reports on findings from the fleet of multinational spacecraft exploring Saturn and Mars.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35230447&site=ehost-live

Covault, Craig and Morris, Jefferson.  Alternative Vision.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 169:29-30 November 17, 2008.
Reports on the revised space exploration vision being proposed by NASA to the Obama administration.  It will include more international participation and will emphasize environmental monitoring.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35650656&site=ehost-live

David, Leonard.  Return to the Moon:  Shaping a New Exploration Agenda.  Aerospace America 47:30-35+ January 2009.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/AA_Return to the Moon_JAN2009_v2.pdf

Fisk, Len.  The Impact of Space on Society:  Past, Present and Future.  Space Policy 24:175-180 November 2008.

Ianotta, Ben.  Japan's Kaguya Probes Moon's Mysteries.  Aerospace America 46:42-45 June 2008.
In September 2007, Japan's Kaguya spacecraft blasted off for lunar orbit laden with instruments that are generating a flood of new information about the Moon.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Kaguya_Aerospace_JUN2008_REVISED.pdf

Mills, Philip.  Design and Development of the CXV and CEV.  Space Chronicle:  Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 61, Supplement 1:28-38 2008.
Reviews the design and development of the Transformational Space Corporation's Crew Transfer Vehicle and Crew Exploration Vehicles that were designed to provide concepts for NASA's Vision for Space Exploration.

Schaffer, Audrey M.  What Do Nations Want from International Collaboration for Space Exploration?  Space Policy 24:95-103 May 2008.

Sietzen, Frank Jr.  ISS:  Countdown to Completion.  Aerospace America 46:32-36 March 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Seitzen_MAR2008.pdf 
Focuses on the progress of the International Space Station's construction.

Sietzen, Frank Jr.  Roaming the Moon in the 21st Century.  Aerospace America 46:36-40 June 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Lunar Rovers_Aerospace_JUN2008.pdf
As lunar architecture studies for the Constellation program evolve, the rovers that astronauts will drive while exploring the Moon are beginning to take shape.

Snead, James Michael.  Spacefaring Logistics Infrastructure:  The Foundation of a Spacefaring America.  Astropolitics 6:71-94 January-April 2008.

Vedda, James A.  Challenges to the Sustainability of Space Exploration.  Astropolitics 6:22-49 January-April 2008.
NASA has an elaborate process for identifying and mitigating technical risks in its human space exploration program. However, non-technical risks -- political, economic, and societal -- are not captured in this process.

Werner, Debra.  NASA Moving Ahead with 2011 Juno Mission to Jupiter.  Space News 19:12 December 8, 2008.


Space Law, Policy and Doctrine


Internet Resources

Ling, Yan.  Comments on the Chinese Space Regulations.  Chinese Journal of International Law 7:681-689 November 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35388341&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
Two sets of national space regulations have been issued in China.  Comparing them with space legislations of other countries and State practice, this paper identifies the issues that have not been properly addressed.

Stine, Deborah D.  U.S. Civilian Space Policy Priorities:  Reflections 50 Years after Sputnik.  Washington, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, June 20, 2008.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA484670


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Coffelt, Christopher.  The Best Defense:  Charting the Future of US Space Strategy and Policy.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2005.  112 p.  (Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA477110
Author seeks to inform modern-day space strategy decisions through an examination of three historical case studies in which US strategists and decision makers faced similar high-stakes national security decisions with uncertain outcomes:  the hydrogen bomb, MIRV missiles, and Star Wars.

Henderson, Scott A.  The Third Battle:  Is the U.S. Ready to Wage the Next Conflict in Space?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Force Fellows Program, March 2004.  89 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476998
Argues that the politics of U.S. grand strategy and national space doctrine are driving a discordant national security space doctrine.  Existing space organizations are not equipped to lead the shift toward new and dynamic space missions.

Jarman, Robert W.  The Law of Neutrality in Outer Space.  Montreal, McGill University, September 2008.  116 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485937
Argues that existing bodies of international law grounded in a pragmatic acceptance of armed conflict must be consulted if humankind wishes to mitigate the impact and spread of warfare conducted in, from and through outer space.  Examines how the traditional customary principles underlying the law of neutrality may be reconceptualized by States to serve as a mechanism to mediate competing claims of belligerents and neutrals during armed conflict in outer space.

Spencer, Ronald L. Jr.  Implementing International Standards for "Continuing Supervision".  Montreal, McGill University, June 2008.  117 p.  (Master's thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA486089
The Outer Space Treaty established the obligation to provide continuing supervision of its national space activities by the appropriate state.  The implementation of this obligation remains a matter of state discretion.  Today, spacefaring states are increasingly dependent upon the supervision practices of other states to assure their space interests.


Books

Chapman, Bert.  Space Warfare and Defense:  A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC Clio, 2008.  403 p.
Development of U.S. Military Space Policy, pp 3-96.
Selected U.S. Laws and International Agreements on Military Uses of Space, pp 223-235.
Book call no.:  358.8 C466s

Gallagher, Nancy and Steinbruner, John D.  Reconsidering the Rules of Space Security.  Cambridge, MA, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, April 2008.  87 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA482054
Book call no.:  333.94 G162r

Moltz, James Clay.  The Politics of Space Security:  Strategic Restraint and the Pursuit of National Interests.  Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 2008.  367 p.
Book call no.:  358.8 M729p

National Research Council.  Space Studies Board.  Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences.  Space Science and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations:  Summary of a Workshop.  Washington, National Academies Press, 2008.  32 p.
International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), the U.S. Dept of Defense protocol that controls defense trade, includes the U.S. Munitions List (USML), which specifies categories of defense articles and services covered by the regulations.  In 1999, space satellites were added to the USML, and in 2002, ITAR was amended so that U.S. universities no longer had to obtain ITAR licenses when conducting fundamental research involving foreign countries and/or persons.  Despite this provision, uncertainty among university researchers about whether the regulations apply to their research often leads to a conservative interpretation and the imposition of burdens that might not be necessary.
Book call no.:  327.174 S732

United States.  International Security Advisory Board.  Report on U.S. Space Policy.  Washington, International Security Advisory Board, April 25, 2007.  11 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/85263.pdf
Book call no.:  333.940973 U58r


Document (Student Research)

Floyd, Larry A.  Current U.S. Space Policy:  Prelude to a Security Dilemma.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, Air Command and Staff College, August 2007.  36 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 F6452c


Periodicals

Frey, Adam E.  Defense of US Space Assets:  A Legal Perspective.  Air & Space Power Journal 22:75-84 Winter 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj08/win08/frey.html

Jakhu, Ram and Buzdugan Maria.  Development of the Natural Resources of the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies:  Economic and Legal Aspects.  Astropolitics 6:201-250 September-December 2008.

Kaiser, Stefan A.  Viewpoint:  Chinese Anti-Satellite Weapons:  New Power Geometry and New Legal Policy.  Astropolitics 6:313-323 September-December 2008.

Milowicki, Gene V.  Strategic Choices:  Examining the United States Military Response to the Chinese Anti-Satellite Test.  Astropolitics 6:1-21 January-April 2008.
Argues that the US military has three basic perspectives from which to react to the test.  First, it can prepare to act offensively to eliminate threats. Secondly, it can choose to develop and field defensive systems.  Finally, it can engage in space security cooperation to protect US and international space-based assets and defuse an arms race.

Noble, Michael.  Export Controls and United States Space Power.  Astropolitics 6:251-312 September-December 2008.
Evaluates the efficacy of current export controls in preventing the proliferation of space technologies and maintaining United States advantage.

Rouge, Joseph D.  Constructing a National Security Space Plan.  High Frontier 4:26-28 August 2008.

Wortzel, Larry M.  The Chinese People's Liberation Army and Space Warfare.  Astropolitics 6:112-137 May-August 2008.
The People's Liberation Army has carefully absorbed and is reacting to what the American armed forces have published on space warfare and counterspace operations.  Chinese strategists and legal scholars are engaged in an internal debate on how traditional ideas of sovereignty and the laws of war apply in space.


Space Operations 


General Information

Internet Resources

Briggs, Larry D. and others.  Study on the Mission, Roles, and Structure of the Missile Defense Agency (MDA).  Alexandria, VA, Institute for Defense Analyses, August 2008.  58 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA486276
A review included site visits to United States Strategic Command, United States Northern Command, Air Force Space Command, the Missile Defense Integration and Operations Center, and MDA at Redstone Arsenal.

Chaplain, Cristina and others.  Space Acquisitions:  DOD Is Making Progress to Rapidly Deliver Low Cost Space Capabilities, but Challenges Remain.  Washington, Government Accountability Office, April 2008.  22 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA480205

Tsiotras, Panagiotis and others.  Coordinated Resource Allocation Among Multiple Agents with Application to Autonomous Refueling and Servicing of Satellite Constellations.  Atlanta, Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Aerospace Engineering, March 2008.  19 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA479643
Results of a research grant performed for the Air Force Office of Scientific Research.  The period of performance for this research award was from January 2004–December 2007.  The goal was to develop new methods for high-level decentralized control of multiple space agents (i.e., satellites and spacecraft) with the objective of coordinated action and decision making.

United States.  Congress.  House.  Select Committee on Intelligence.  Report on Challenges and Recommendations for United States Overhead Architecture.  Report.  110th Congress, 2nd session, October 3, 2008.  Washington, Government Printing Office, October 2008.  30 p.
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2008_rpt/hrpt110-914.pdf
"A once robust partnership between the U.S. government and the American space industry has been weakened by years of demanding space programs, the exponential complexity of technology, and an inattention to acquisition discipline....While the Government still has creative personnel, innovative ideas, and adequate funding, American dominance in space is diminishing.  The purpose of this report is to find out why."

Webb, Angela.  Joint Effort Made Satellite Success Possible.  Offutt AFB, NE, February 26, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123087750
When analysts determined a satellite carrying a tank of 1,000 pounds of hydrazine fuel could be a threat to human life, the U.S. Department of Defense and other agencies came together to find the best course of action.  More than two dozen federal agencies collaborated to shoot down the non-functional National Reconnaissance Office satellite on February 20, 2008.


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Hughes, Richard and Lowe, Jon.  We Need a Civil Reserve Space Fleet.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.au.af.mil/au/aunews/archive/0307/Articles/CivilReserveSpaceFleet.html
In the same way that United States Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM) partners with the air, sea, and surface transportation companies, United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) can partner with companies providing space capabilities, particularly in the communications and imagery business.  Commercial communications and imagery companies could be provided with incentives to build spare spacecraft, or augment future vehicles with payloads that meet the needs of government.

Phillips, Bradley.  Beyond the Space Cadre.  Quantico, VA, Marine Corps Command and Staff College, April 2008.  35 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA490929
Examines the Marine Corps' current space programs in terms of personnel, training, and equipment, and concludes that the Marine Corps has made great strides in developing a space cadre.  However, the Marine Corps still must develop a core of space professionals who are equipped, trained, and organized to deploy with and support the Marine Corps' Operating Forces with the planning, execution, and understanding of space operations.

Rusnock, Christina F.  Predicting Cost and Schedule Growth for Military and Civil Space Systems.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, School of Engineering and Management, March 2008.  145 p.  (Master's thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA482546

Shaffer, Kristine M.  National Department of Space.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, School of Advanced Military Studies, March 2008.  70 p.  (Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485516
"The current status quo program with multiple organizations with multiple missions without a single focus and a single 'belly button' is hindering and strangling America's space direction, domination and development.  To that end, the most straightforward and effective solution is to fuse the service- and agency-fragmented pieces into an independent organization."

Tomme, Edward B.  Expansion or Marginalization:  How Effects-Based Organization Could Determine the Future of Air Force Space Command.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Curtis E. LeMay Center for Doctrine Development and Education, Air University, July 2008.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA485277
Proposes a change in Air Force organizational structure that deemphasizes the domain and stresses effects; combat effects are separated from combat support effects so that these effects-based synergies can best be exploited.  An Air Force Space Command combined with the new Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Agency would become the cornerstone of a new combat support command that would enable a single commander to support joint Department of Defense operations and the intelligence community more effectively than is possible under the current structure.


Books

Chapman, Bert.  Space Warfare and Defense:  A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC Clio, 2008.  403 p.
U.S. Military Space Programs, pp 97-136.
Book call no.:  358.8 C466s

Defense Strategy and Forces:  Setting Future Directions, edited by Richmond M. Lloyd.  Newport, RI, Naval War College, November 13-15, 2007.  323 p.
Implications of the Changing Use of Orbital Space for Future Air and Space Forces, by Barry D. Watts, pp 199-221.  Argues that the military and civilian exploitation of satellites has undergone enormous transformation since 1985, with far-reaching implications for future American air and space forces.
Also available online at:  http://www.nwc.navy.mil/academics/courses/nsdm/documents/Ruger2007.pdf
Book call no.:  355.033073 N318d

Fox, Bernard and others.  Guidelines and Metrics for Assessing Space System Cost Estimates.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2008.  242 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476642

Harnessing the Heavens:  National Defense Through Space, edited by Paul G. Gillespie and Grant T. Weller.  Chicago, Imprint Publications, 2008.  235 p.
Book call no.:  358.80973 H289

Pisacane, Vincent L.  The Space Environment and Its Effects on Space Systems.  Reston, VA, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2008.  421 p.
Book call no.:  629.472 P673s

Spires, David N.  Beyond Horizons:  A History of the Air Force in Space, 1947-2007.  2nd ed.  Peterson Air Force Base, CO, Air Force Space Command, 2007.  471 p.
Book call no.:  358.80973 S759ba

United States.  Air Force.  Space & C4ISR CONOPS:  Final.  Washington, U.S. Air Force, April 28, 2006.  49 p.
Book call no.:  358.80973 U584s

United States.  Congress.  House.  Committee on Armed Services.  Space and U.S. National Power.  Hearing, 109th Congress, 2nd session, June 21, 2006.  Washington, GPO, 2007.  93 p.
Book call no.:  358.80973 U583sa

Younassi, Obaid and others.  Improving the Cost Estimation of Space Systems:  Past Lessons and Future Recommendations.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2008.  211 p.
Book call no.:  629.430681 I34


Documents (Student Research)

Jones, James.  Recommendations for Improved Monitoring of the Near-Earth Electromagnetic Space Environment.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  29 p.
The future capability of space weather sensing appears to be in decline due to the merging of military and civil programs and lack of additional planned sensing programs.  The United States must improve its situational awareness of the near-Earth natural environment by expanding its access to additional space environmental data.
Also available online at:  https://research.au.af.mil/papers/ay2007/acsc/Jones-1411.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 J777r

Lindsay, Nathan J.  Operational Assessment of Space:  Toward Efficiency and Effectiveness.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2005.  92 p.  (Thesis).
As problematic as the assessment of combat effects might be for air operations, the assessment of effects from space operations is even more difficult.  This thesis uses a theoretical framework to better understand the problem and provide a framework for how the Air Force should address the issue of assessing space operations.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA477083
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 L748o

Romberger, Scott.  Dawn of the United States Air Force Space Corps.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  27 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 R762d

Williams, Shon.  Wild Ride:  Launching Troops Through Space for Rapid Precision Global Intervention.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  54 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 W727L


Periodicals

Brinton, Turner.  Congressional Report Hits National Security Space Management.  Space News 19:16 October 20, 2008.
A new congressional report on U.S. national security space activities says the U.S. is losing its pre-eminence in space due to lack of leadership, poor acquisition processes and failure to address industrial base issues like export regulations. The report is available at:  http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2008_rpt/hrpt110-914.pdf

Butler, Amy.  Conspiracy of Hope.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 169:20-21 September 1, 2008.
Reports that ill-advised optimism on the part of military and intelligence space management officials has led them into a series of misguided competitive procurements, including the Future Imagery Architecture and the Space-Based Infrared System.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34475368&site=ehost-live

Galbreath, Charles S.  The Space Triad:  A Joint Concept for Space Power.  High Frontier 4:41-47 February 2008.
Argues that a triad approach, consisting of offensive, defensive, responsive infrastructure capabilities tied together by situational awareness, command and control, and integrated planning, is the best approach to space power.

Garretson, Peter.  Viewpoint:  The Next Great White Fleet:  Extending the Benefits of the International System into Space.  Astropolitics 6:50-70 January-April 2008.
Argues that what naval power was to the 17th century -- knitting together separate trading systems and bridging new resources, wealth, mobility, and establishing an international system of trade that pulled various powers into the dominant power's orbit -- space power can be for the 21st century.

Godshall, Stacy.  Space Climate and the Military Decision Making Process in Solar Cycle 24.  Army Space Journal 7:48-53 Spring 2008.
Addresses the possible impact of the new solar cycle and frequency of possible super geomagnetic storms.

Hodges, Jim.  Space Fence Reinvented.  C4ISR Journal 7:36-37 October 2008.
The Space Fence is the oldest segment of the US' system for tracking objects in space that doesn't involve a telescope.  Advocates say a new Space Fence is necessary because the smallest satellites are too tiny for the current system to see.

Hyten, John E.  Fighting and Winning with Space.  High Frontier 4:12-15 February 2008.

In the Beginning...the Origin of the Army Space Organization.  Army Space Journal 7:20-31 Summer 2008.

Kowalski, James M.  Joint Forces and Space:  Applying Joint Force Attributes for Success.  High Frontier 4:16-19 February 2008.

Large, Scott F.  National Security Space Collaboration as a National Security Defense Imperative.  High Frontier 4:3-5 August 2008.

Macauley, Molly K.  The Supply of Space Infrastructure:  Issues in the Theory and Practice of Estimating Costs.  Space Policy 24:70-79 May 2008.

Moorman, Jr. Thomas S.  Military Space:  Its Origins and Future.  Aerospace America 46:26-30 March 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Viewpoint_MAR2008.pdf
Examines the evolution of the role aerospace industry has played in US defense, and identifies future challenges.

Noble, Michael.  Export Controls and United States Space Power.  Astropolitics 6:251-312 September-December 2008.
Evaluates the efficacy of current export controls in preventing the proliferation of space technologies and maintaining United States advantage.

North, Gary L. and Riordan, John.  The Role of Space in Military Operations:  Integrating and Synchronizing Space in Today's Flight.  High Frontier 4:3-7 February 2008.

Peeters, W. and Madauss, B.  A Proposed Strategy Against Cost Overruns in the Space Sector:  The 5C Approach.  Space Policy 24:80-89 May 2008.

Raymond, John W. and Endicott, Troy L.  People Who Impact Warfare with Space Capabilities.  High Frontier 4:23-28 February 2008.

Space:  The Warfighter's Perspective.  Army Space Journal 7:16-29+ Winter 2008.
Edited comments from six warfighers who addressed industry representatives at the Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association Conference, which was held in Colorado Springs in January 2008.

Thomas, John R. and Operhall, Richard M.  Space, the ACCE, and the Joint Fight.  High Frontier 4:29-33 February 2008.
The air component coordination element (ACCE), co-located with the ground component, serves as the primary organization tasked with synchronizing air and space effects with ground operations.

Yates, Heather and Grimaila, Michael R.  A Systematic Approach to Securing Our Space Assets.  High Frontier 4:48-53 February 2008.


Space Operations:  Operationally Responsive Space

Internet Resources

Garvey, John M. and Besnard, Eric.  Rapid Turn-Around Flight Testing of a Next-Generation Prototype RNLV.  Long Beach, CA, Garvey Spacecraft Corp., June 2008.  18 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA484952
Submitted for presentation at the AIAA Joint Propulsion Conference (44th), held in Hartford, CT, on July 20-23, 2008.  Presents the status and results from an ongoing development and flight test program that is investigating both reusable nanosat launch vehicles (RNLV), with an emphasis on fast turn-around operations, and early pathfinding for operationally responsive space.

Kehler, C. Robert.  AFA's 2008 Air Warfare Symposium Transcripts:  Responsive, Assured, Decisive Space Power.  Orlando, FL, February 21, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.afa.org/events/AWS/2008/post_Orlando/scripts/kehler_Printer.asp
Speech by the commander of Air Force Space Command.

Sorensen, Barbara and Hernandez, Veronica.  Being Responsive to Space Needs:  AFRL Advances ORS Capabilities through Two Collaborative Satellite Efforts.  Military Space & Missile Forum 1:14-17 December 2008.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA492432
Discusses two programs:  the plug-and-play (PnP) satellite design for rapid construction through modular components, and the Training and Tactical ORS Operations (TATOO) Laboratory, which provides a computer-based simulation environment directed at improving warfighters' space capability responsiveness.

United States.  Government Accountability Office.  Defense Space Activities:  DoD Needs to Further Clarify the Operationally Responsive Space Concept and Plan to Integrate and Support Future Satellites.  Washington, GAO, July 2008.  27 p.
Available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d08831.pdf


Internet Resources (Student Research)

Alexander, Jeff and others.  Operationally Responsive Space (ORS):  An Architecture and Enterprise Model for Adaptive Integration, Test and Logistics.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, School of Engineering and Management, June 2008.  236 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA484496

Kahraman, Mesut O.  A Constraint Based Approach for Building Operationally Responsive Satellites.  Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Engineering and Management, September 2008.  146 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA487564
Focuses on developing a new approach for creating Responsive Satellites from Plug-and-Play (PnP) components.


Documents (Student Research)

Flores, Peter J.  Untapped Potential:  The Influence of International Regimes and Organizational Culture on the Near-Space Concept.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2007.  63 p.  (Thesis).
Argues that the demand for operationally-responsive, space-like services are driving interest in the near-space region, and examines three representative technologies in various stages of development which have demonstrated operational promise.  Contends that within the USAF, issues of organizational self-perception leave near-space with no clear organizational advocate.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 F634u

Hansen, K. and others.  Operationally Responsive Space (ORS) Architecture for the Year 2025.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2008.  93 p.  (Master's Thesis).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA488039
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525-218

Teehan, Russell.  Responsive Space Situation Awareness in 2020.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  27 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 T258r


Periodicals

Day, Dwayne A.  Calling All Satellites:  Military Quest for Operationally Responsive Space.  Spaceflight:  The Magazine of Astronautics and Outer Space  50:226-232 June 2008.

Doggrell, Les.  The Reconstitution Imperative.  Air & Space Power Journal 22:46-52 Winter 2008.
Discusses Operationally Responsive Space as a means of responding to future threats to U.S. space systems.
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj08/win08/doggrell.html


Space Warfare and Weapons


Internet Resource (Student Research)

Wilkerson, Don L.  Space Power Theory:  Controlling the Medium Without Weapons in Space.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2008.  37 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA482300
Examines whether the U.S military should. deploy weapons into space, or are emerging offensive ground-based weapon systems and conventional weapons sufficient for a space power theory today?


Books

Chapman, Bert.  Space Warfare and Defense:  A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC Clio, 2008.  403 p.
Space Weaponry Development, pp 137-182.
Book call no.:  358.8 C466s

Gallagher, Nancy and Steinbruner, John D.  Reconsidering the Rules of Space Security.  Cambridge, MA, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, April 2008.  87 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA482054
Book call no.:  333.94 G162r

MacDonald, Bruce W.  China, Space Weapons, and U.S. Security.  New York, Council on Foreign Relations, September 2008.  [57] p.
Also available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/China_Space_CSR38.pdf
Book call no.:  358.8 M136c

Moore, Mike.  Twilight War:  The Folly of U.S. Space Dominance.  Oakland, CA, The Independent Institute, 2008.  390 p.
Book call no.:  358.80973 M823t

United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research.  Safeguarding Space for All:  Security and Peaceful Uses:  Conference Report 25-26 March 2004.  Geneva, Switzerland, UNDIR, 2005.  120 p.
Book call no.:  358.8 S128


Documents (Student Research)

Brining, Bernard.  Weaponizing Space:  Will It Be an Arms Race on U.S. Terms?  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  47 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 B8582w

Wright, Daniel D., III.  Theater Space Warfare:  Rewriting the Joint Playbook.  Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2005.  98 p.  (Thesis).
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476989
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43998-1 W948t


Periodicals

Blazejewski, Kenneth S.  Space Weaponization and U.S. - China Relations.  Strategic Studies Quarterly 2:33-55 Spring 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.maxwell.af.mil/au/ssq/2008/Spring/blazejewski.pdf

Brown, Trevor.  Soft Power and Space WeaponizationAir and Space Power Journal 23:66-72  Spring 2009
Also available online at: 
http://www.airpower.au.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj09/spr09/brown.html

Forden, Geoffrey.  Viewpoint:  China and Space War.  Astropolitics 6:138-153 May-August 2008.
Examines the possibilities of a Chinese assault on American satellites.

Peoples, Columba.  Assuming the Inevitable?  Overcoming the Inevitability of Outer Space Weaponization and Conflict.  Contemporary Security Policy 29:502-520 December 2008.

Rose, Lars.  Review and Assessment of Select US Space Security Technology Proposals.  Space Policy 24:208-223 November 2008.
Reports on the feasibility of research and development related to select US military space weapons technology development plans.

Steele, David.  The Weaponisation of Space:  The Next Arms Race.  Australian Defence Force Journal No. 177:17-31 2008.

Weston, Scott A.  Examining Space Warfare:  Scenarios, Risks, and US Policy Implications.  Air and Space Power Journal  23:73-82  Spring 2009
Also available online at:  http://www.airpower.au.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj09/spr09/weston.html

Wortzel, Larry M.  The Chinese People's Liberation Army and Space Warfare.  Astropolitics  6:112-137 May-August 2008.
The People's Liberation Army has carefully absorbed and is reacting to what the American armed forces have published on space warfare and counterspace operations.  Chinese strategists and legal scholars are engaged in an internal debate on how traditional ideas of sovereignty and the laws of war apply in space.


Spacelift and Launching


Internet Resources

Brown, Kendall K.  National Space Launch Study:  A Strategic View for Future U.S. Access to Space.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Force Research Institute, Air University, 2008.  3 p.  (AU Quick Look, 08-10).
Available online at:  https://www.afresearch.org/skins/rims/q_mod_be0e99f3-fc56-4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153/q_act_downloadpaper/q_obj_03214840-285f-4197-8778-aee0ff552560/display.aspx?rs=enginespage

Garvey, John M. and Besnard, Eric.  Rapid Turn-Around Flight Testing of a Next-Generation Prototype RNLV.  Long Beach, CA, Garvey Spacecraft Corp., June 2008.  18 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA484952
Presents the status and results from an ongoing development and flight test program that is investigating both reusable nanosat launch vehicles (RNLV), with an emphasis on fast turn-around operations, and early pathfinding for operationally responsive space.


Books

Hunley, J. D.  Preludes to U.S. Space-Launch Vehicle Technology:  Goddard Rockets to Minuteman III.  Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2008.  468 p.
Book call no.:  629.470973 H937p

Hunley, J. D.  U.S. Space-Launch Vehicle Technology:  Viking to Space Shuttle.  Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2008.  453 p.
Book call no.:  629.470973 H937u


Document (Student Research)

Kent, Jason.  Getting to Space on a Thread:  Space Elevator as Alternate Access to Space.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  32 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 K371g


Periodicals

Caceres, Marco.  Back-to-Back Growth Years for Space Launches.  Aerospace America 46:20-22 March 2008.
Focuses on the growth of the US' space launch services industry.
Also available online at:  http://www.aiaa.org/aerospace/images/articleimages/pdf/Industry Insights_MAR2008.pdf

De Selding, Peter B.  Commercial Launch Providers Looking Ahead to Busier 2009.  Space News 20:11 January 5, 2009.
Includes a list of commercial launch contracts for geostationary-orbit satellites in 2008.

De Selding, Peter B.  Commercial Satellite Orders Net Lofty Expectations in 2008:  China Continues to Be a Factor in the Global Market.  Space News 20:12 January 5, 2009.
Includes a list of commercial satellite contracts for geostationary-orbit satellites in 2008.

Pawlikowski, Ellen M.  Mission Assurance:  A Key Part of Space Vehicle Launch Mission Success.  High Frontier 4:6-9 August 2008.


This page was last updated on 03/05/2014 09:44 AM

Back Arrow Return to Bibliography List

Back Arrow
Return to the Fairchild Research Information Center Homepage

Accessibility/Section 508