February 2011

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


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All sites listed were last accessed February 8, 2011.

Theories and General Works

Internet Resources

Military Theory, Theorist & Strategy.  Air War College Gateway to the Internet.
Available online at:
Links to Internet resources on strategists and strategic concepts.

Johns Hopkins University.  Applied Physics Laboratory.  Rethinking Military Strategy: A New Approach for a More Complex Maritime Environment. 
Available online at:
"This site supports the New Maritime Strategy development process to collect inputs and analyze the strategic environment." - Web site.

Strategic Studies Institute. 
Available online at:
"The Strategic Studies Institute of the US Army War College publishes security and strategic reports and publications which serve to influence policy debate and bridge the gap between Military and Academia." - Web site.

USAF Center for Strategy and Technology. 
Available online at:
"The Center for Strategy and Technology was established at the Air War College in 1996.  Its purpose is to engage in long-term strategic thinking about technology and its implications for U.S. national security." - Web site.


Atkinson, Alexander.  Social Order and the General Theory of Strategy.  Boston, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981.  305 p.
Chapters include: Social Order and Strategic Theory; Social Premise of Protracted War; Death of Classical Theory; Strategic Revisionism; Chinese Theory of Land Revolution; Block-House and Guerrilla Warfare; Cinderella of Classical Theory; and Clausewitz and Silent Contract.
Book call no.: 355.02 A875s

Barnett, Thomas P. M.  Great Powers: America and the World after Bush.  New York, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 2009.  488 p.
"Presents a remarkable analysis of the post-Bush world, and America's leadership role in it." - Summary.
Book call no.: 973.93 B261g

Beaufre, Andre.  An Introduction to Strategy: With Particular Reference to Problems of Defense, Politics, Economics, and Diplomacy in the Nuclear Age.  New York, Frederick A. Praeger, 1965.  138 p.
General in the French Army.  Chapters include:  gdA General Survey of Strategy; Traditional Military Strategy; Nuclear Strategy; and Indirect Strategy.
Book call no.: 355.43 B374i

Beaufre, Andre.  Strategy of Action.  New York, Praeger, 1967.  136 p.
Translated from the French by R. H. Barry.  Studies the strategy of action as opposed to the strategy of deterrence.
Book call no.: 355.43 B374s

Bird, Wilkinson Dent.  The Direction of War: A Study and Illustration of Strategy.  2nd ed. Cambridge, Great Britain, The University Press, 1925.  351 p. (Cambridge Naval and Military Series)
Book call no.: 355.43 B618d 1925

Bond, Brian.  Liddell Hart: A Study of His Military Thought.  New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 1977.  289 p.
"The present study constitutes the first attempt to put Liddell Hart's military thought in proper perspective by tracing the origins and development of his principal ideas over his whole career." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 355 B711L

Booth, Ken.  Strategy and Ethnocentrism.  London, Croom Helm, 1979.  191 p.
"This book is concerned with the way in which cultural distortions, particularly the phenomenon known as ethnocentrism, have affected the theory and practice of strategy." - Book Jacket.
Book call no.: 355.343 B725s

Brodie, Bernard.  War and Politics.  New York, Macmillan, 1973.  514 p.
Examines twentieth-century wars: World War II; Korea; and Vietnam.  Looks at politics, international and internal, when answering the question what causes war.
Book call no.: 327 B894w

Caesar, Julius.  The Gallic War.  Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1979.  592 p. (Loeb Classical Library, Latin Authors, no. 72)
Translation of De Bello Gallico by H.J. Edwards.
Book call no.: 878 C28g 1979

Clausewitz and Modern Strategy, edited by Michael I. Handel.  Totowa, NJ, Frank Cass, 1986.  324 p.
The essays in this book were presented at an international conference 'On Clausewitz' held at the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania in April 1985.
Book call no.: 355.020924 C616

Clausewitz, Carl von.  On War, edited and translated by Michael Howard and Peter Paret.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1976.  717 p.
"On War is the most significant attempt in Western history to understand war, both in its internal dynamics and as an instrument of policy.  Since the work's first appearance in 1832, it has been read throughout the world, and has stimulated generations of soldiers, statesmen, and intellectuals." - Summary.
Book call no.: 355 C57o 1976

The Clausewitzian Dictum and the Future of Western Military Strategy, edited by Gert de Nooy.  Boston, Kluwer Law International, 1997.  178 p. (Nijhoff Law Specials, no. 31)
Based on papers discussed at a workshop held at Clingendael Institute, February 13-14, 1997.
Book call no.: 355.02 C616

Collins, John M.  Grand Strategy: Principles and Practices.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 1973.  338 p.
The stated purposes of this book are to: Stimulate interest in strategy, produce a compendium of strategic principles, and outline ways to generate and sustain strategic thought.
Book call no.: 355.43 C712g

Contemporary Security and Strategy, edited by Craig A. Snyder.  2nd ed. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2000.  285 p.
"A comprehensive and authoritative text on security and strategy in the 21st century." - Summary.
Book call no.: 327.116 C761

Dolman, Everett C.  Pure Strategy: Power and Principal in the Space and Information Age.  New York, Frank Cass, 2005.  218 p. (Cass Series - Strategy and History, no. 6)
"This book is animated by the recurring question of whether there are enduring principles of strategy.  In the process of isolating and interpreting the fundamentals of strategy, the reader is confronted with a startling realization: the concept of strategic victory must be summarily discarded.  This is not to say that victory has no place in strategy or strategic planning.  The outcome of battles and campaigns are ever-present variables within the strategist’s plan, but victory is a concept that has no meaning there." - Book Jacket.
Book call no.: 355.02 D665p

Drew, Dennis M. and Snow, Donald M.  Making Twenty-First-Century Strategy: An Introduction to Modern National Security Processes and Problems.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2006.  268 p.
"This new work defines national security strategy, its objectives, the problems it confronts, and the influences that constrain and facilitate its development and implementation in a post-Cold War, post-9/11 environment.  The authors note that making and implementing
 national strategy centers on risk management and present a model for assessing strategic risks and the process for allocating limited resources to reduce them." - AU Press web site.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 355.03 D776ma

Echevarria, Antulio J., II.  Clausewitz in Contemporary War.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2007.  210 p.
The specific contributions this study addresses are Clausewitz's theories concerning the nature of war, the relationship between war and politics, and several of the major principles of strategy he examined.
Book call no.: 355.02 E18c

Garnett, John C.  Theories of Peace and Security: A Reader in Contemporary Strategic Thought.  New York, Macmillan, 1970.  272 p. (Readings in International Politics)
"Attempts to present the essentials of modern strategic thought in a coherent fashion." - Preface. 
Contains essays by subjects experts under the sections of: The Role of Force in International Politics; Peace and Security Through Deterrence; Peace and Security Through Disarmament; Peace and Security Through Arms Control; and Peace and Security Through Limited War.
Book call no.: 355 G235t

Geopolitics, Geography, and Strategy, edited by Colin S. Gray and Geoffrey Sloan.  Portland, OR, Frank Cass, 1999.  289 p.
"The authors of Geopolitics, Geography and Strategy rescue their subject from its unwarranted neglect, demonstrate how geography can be mentally and nationally subjective, as well as physically objective, and generally show what geopoliticians can contribute to the better understanding of strategy and statecraft." - Book Jacket.
Book call no.: 320.12 G3452

Gompert, David C. and others.  Analysis of Strategy and Strategies of Analysis.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, 2008.  76 p. (RAND Corporation Monograph Series)
"Too often, strategies are chosen without disciplined analysis in response to external events and under pressures of time and politics.  The authors show how, even in the face of uncertainty, the costs and other implications of any strategy can be assessed by examining the capabilities needed by U.S. combatant commands - the chief agents of strategy - to fulfill what the strategy expects of them.  They then demonstrate how such 'outside-in' strategy assessment can be integrated with 'inside-out' analysis of how core national strengths can best be exploited in national defense." - RAND web site.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 355.033573 A532

Gray, Colin S.  Modern Strategy.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1999.  412 p.
"Modern Strategy explains the permanent nature, but ever-changing character, of strategy in light of the whole strategic experience of the twentieth century." - Book Jacket.
Book call no.: 355.4 G778m

Gray, Colin S.  Strategic Studies: A Critical Assessment.  Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1982.  213 p. (Contributions in Political Science, no. 70)
This discussion of strategic studies includes: Politics and strategy and strategy and culture.
Book call no.: 355.43007 G778s

Gray, Colin S.  Strategy and History: Essays on Theory and Practice.  London, Routledge, 2006.  234 p. (Cass Series - Strategy and History, no. 15)
"Written by a participant-observer of and in strategic controversies, the essays range widely over some hotly debated topics and address a number of issues which have contemporary relevance to strategists: The importance of history for strategic understanding today, the nature of strategy and why it is difficult to do well, the challenge of nuclear weapons, revolutions in military affairs, and arms control.  Colin Gray argues strongly for the continuing significance of geography and culture, and concludes by addressing the ethical assumptions which provide some useful guidance to the strategist." - Summary.
Book call no.: 355.02 G778s

Gray, Colin S.  War, Peace and International Relations: An Introduction to Strategic History.  New York, Routledge, 2007.  306 p.
"War, Peace and International Relations: Is the first one-volume strategic history textbook on the market, covers all the major wars of the past two centuries, is up to date and comprehensive, including chapters on irregular warfare and terrorism, includes summary points, boxed sections, student questions and further reading." - Frontispiece.
Book call no.: 355.0209 G778w

Gray, Colin S.  War, Peace and Victory: Strategy and Statecraft for the Next Century.  New York, Simon and Schuster, 1990.  442 p.
"Five closely linked themes dominate this book: The unity of strategic phenomena; the influence of geography; the value of historical experience; the power of national culture to help shape expectations, beliefs, and behavior; and the consequences of technological change for statecraft and strategy." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 355.03 G778w

Heuser, Beatrice.  Reading Clausewitz.  London, Pimlico, 2002.  238 p.
Applies Clausewitz's principles to concepts such as: Civil military relations, the defensive-offensive debate, total war, and guerrilla warfare.
Book call no.: 355.02 H595r

Jomini, Antoine Henri.  The Art of War.  Westport, CT, Presidio Press, 1992.  410 p.
First published in 1838 in French titled: Precis de l'Art de Guerre. 
"His writings have influenced all modern military thinkers.  Divides the art of war into five branches -- strategy, grand tactics, logistics, engineering, and tactics." - Summary.
Book call no.: 355 J68a 1992

Kim, Jiyul.  Cultural Dimensions of Strategy and Policy.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2009.  46 p. (Letort Papers)
A "foundational document on how we may approach the consideration of cultural factors in the formulation of strategy and policy." - Forward.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 303.482 K49c

Kingston-McCloughry, Edgar James.  Global Strategy.  New York, Frederick A. Praeger, 1957.  270 p. (Praeger Publications in Military Science)
Author was an Air Vice-Marshall in the Royal Air Force.  Studies these aspects of strategy: The Transition from Classical to Modern Strategy; Strategy and Geographical Zones; Allied Combined Strategy; National Joint Strategy; Making National Strategy; Theater and Functional Strategy; Army Strategy, Maritime Strategy; Air Strategy; and Home Defense.
Book call no.: 355.43 K55g

Kingston-McCloughry, Edgar James.  The Spectrum of Strategy; a Study of Policy and Strategy in Modern War.  London, Jonathan Cape, 1964.  223 p.
Chapters include these aspects of strategy: Geography; Policy and Economics; General Strategy; Tactics; High Direction and Command; The Deterrent; Total War; Limited War; Local War; and Cold War.
Book call no.: 355.43 K55s

Liddell Hart, Basil Henry.  Strategy.  2nd rev. ed.  New York, Meridian, 1991.  426 p.
Revised edition of: The Decisive Wars of History, London, G. Bell & Sons, 1929.  Sections include: Strategy from 5th Century BC to 20th Century A.D; Strategy of the First World War; Strategy of the Second World War; Fundamentals of Strategy and Grand Strategy.
Book call no.: 355.48 L712d 1991

Liddell Hart, Basil Henry.  Thoughts on War.  London, Faber and Faber, 1944.  327 p.
Includes sections on the elements of war, conduct of war, and the conduct of military operations.
Book call no.:  355 L712t

Luttwak, Edward N.  On the Meaning of Victory: Essays on Strategy.  New York, Simon and Schuster, 1986.  315 p.
Sections include: The Politics of Defense; Wider Context of Strategy; and On the Meaning of Strategy.
Book call no.: 355.02 L974o

Luttwak, Edward N.  Strategy: The Logic of War and Peace.  Rev. and enlarged ed.  Cambridge, MA, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2001.  308 p.
"The author believes that war and peace may be controlled by 'paradoxical logic' foreign policy and military decisions may be made more successful by implementing the contradictory nature of strategy.  The maxims 'Attack is the best defense' and 'If you want peace, prepare for war' are two classic examples of paradoxical logic." - Summary.
Book call no.: 355.02 L974sa 2001

Machiavelli, Niccolo.  The Prince: A New Translation, Backgrounds, Interpretations, Peripherica.  New York, W. W. Norton, 1977.  283 p.
Translated and edited by Robert M. Adams. 
"The Prince is not far from its 500th birthday, and it continues as vital, as much discussed, as influential, as any book only a tenth of its age." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 320.1 M149pc

Makers of Modern Strategy: From Machiavelli to Nuclear Age, edited by Peter Paret.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1986.  941 p.
Sequel to: Makers of Modern Strategy: Military Thought from Machiavelli to Hitler.  Includes 8 additional essays with more focus on American strategy.
Book call no.: 355.02 M235 1986

Makers of Modern Strategy: Military Thought from Machiavelli to Hitler, edited by Edward Mead Earle.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1943.  553 p.
Explains through historical examples in essays "the manner in which the strategy of modern war has developed." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 355.09 Ea7m

The Making of Strategy: Rulers, States, and War, edited by Williamson Murray and others.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 1994.  680 p.
"The Making of Strategy is about the strategic process.  It consists of seventeen case studies that range from fifth-century B.C. Athens and Ming China to Hitler’s Germany, Israel, and the post-1945 United States.  The studies analyze, within a common interpretive framework, precisely how rulers and states have made strategy.  The introduction emphasizes the constants in the rapidly shifting world of the strategist.  The conclusion tries to understand the forces that have driven the transformation of strategy since 400 B.C. and seem likely to continue to transform it in the future." - Book Jacket.
Book call no.: 355.02 M2351

Martel, William C.  Victory in War: Foundations of Modern Military Policy.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2007.  436 p.
"This book explores historical definitions of victory, how victory has evolved, and how it has been implemented in war.  It also subsequently develops the intellectual foundations of a modern pretheory of victory and discusses the military instruments necessary for victory in the twenty-first century, through case studies that include the U.S. military interventions in Panama, Libya, the Persian Gulf, Bosnia and Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq." - Book Jacket.
Book call no.: 355.033573 M376v

Napoleon I, Emperor of the French.  Napoleon and Modern War; His Military Maxims.  Harrisburg, PA, Military Service Publishing, 1943.  158 p.
Revised and annotated by Conrad H. Lanza.
Book call no.: 355.4 N16n

Paquette, Laure.  Strategy and Ethnic Conflict: A Method, Theory, and Case Study.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2002.  161 p.
"Proposes a theoretical framework that explains the connections between national values, international posture, and ethnic conflict." - Summary.
Book call no.: 355.4 P219s

Problems of Modern Strategy.  London, Institute for Strategic Studies, 1969.  2 vols. (Adelphi Papers, no. 54 and no. 55)
Selection of papers from the 10th annual conference held at St. Catherine's College, Oxford September 1968.
Book call no.: 909.82 L8471a no.54 and no.55

Roots of Strategy: A Collection of Military Classics, edited by Thomas R. Phillips.  Harrisburg, PA, Military Service Publishing, 1940.  448 p.
Contains: The Art of War by Sun Tzu; The Military Institutions of the Romans by Vegitius; My Reveries on the Art of War by Marshal Maurice de Saxe; The Instruction of Frederick the Great for His Generals, 1747; The Military Maxims of Napoleon.
Book call no.: 355.02 R783

Roots of Strategy: Book 2.  Harrisburg, PA, Stackpole Books, 1987.  557 p.
Contains: Battle Studies by Du Picq; Principles of War by Clausewitz; Art of War by Jomini.
Book call no.: 355.02 R783 bk. 2

Roots of Strategy: Book 3.  Mechanicsburg, PA, Stackpole Books, 1991.  554 p.
Contains: Defense by Von Leeb; The Power of Personality in War by Von Freytag-Loringhoven; Surprise by Erfurth.
Book call no.: 355.02 R783 bk. 3

Roots of Strategy: Book 4, edited by David Jablonsky.  Mechanicsburg, PA, Stackpole Books, 1999.  533 p.
Contains: The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783 by Mahan; Some Principles of Maritime Strategy by Corbett; Command of the Air by Douhet; Winged Defense by Mitchell.
Book call no.: 355.02 R783 bk. 4

Seabury, Paul and Ciodevilla, Angelo.  War: Ends and Means.  New York, Basic Books, 1989.  306 p.
Part 1: How Wars Start; Part 2: How Wars Are Fought; Part 3: How Wars End; Part 4: Wars in Our Time.
Book call no.: 355.02 S438w

Stephens, Alan and Baker, Nicola.  Making Sense of War: Strategy for the 21st Century.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006.  291 p.
"Gives readers a thorough understanding of the key concepts in strategic thought, concepts that have endured since the Athenian general Thucydides and the Chinese philosopher/warrior Sun Tzu first wrote about strategy some 2500 years ago.  It also examines the influence on strategic choice and military strategy of political, legal and technological change.  This book discusses strategy at every level of competition, employing a thematic approach and using historical examples from 500 BCE to the present." - Frontispiece.
Book call no.: 355.0335 S832m

Strategic Power: USA/USSR, edited by Carl G. Jacobsen and others.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1990.  519 p.
"This book is designed as a comprehensive reference source for policy-makers, and academic, media and lay people who wish to compare and contrast United States and Soviet perceptions and approaches to strategic realities" - Introduction. 
Includes sections on: Strategic Culture in Theory and Practice; Comparative Concepts; Processes; and Use of Force.
Book call no.: 355.033573 S8981

Strategic Studies: A Reader, edited by Thomas G. Mahnken and Joseph A. Maiolo.  New York, Routledge, 2008.  450 p.
"Brings together works on strategic theory by some of the leading contributors in the field.  It includes a mixture of hard-to-find classics as well as the latest scholarship" - Introduction.
Selected authors include: Michael Howard, B.H. Liddell Hart, Philip A. Crowl, John Erickson, Lawrence Freedman, Harold Brown, W.J. Crowe, Jr., Colin Gray, Bernard Brodie, Samuel S. Wells, Jr., V.D. Sokolovskiy, and Henry Trofimenko.
Book call no.: 355.02 S8984

Strategy & Defence: Australian Essays, edited by Desmond Ball.  Boston, George Allen & Unwin, 1982.  402 p.
"The authors of the 19 essays include virtually all Australia's academic specialists in strategic and defense matters, representing a wide range of interests and viewpoints." - Preface.
Book call no.: 355.0335 S8982

Strategy and Force Planning
, edited by the Security, Strategy and Forces Faculty National Security Decision Making Department, Naval War College.  4th ed. Newport, RI, Naval War College Press, 2004.  681 p.
"The purpose of this book is to provide the very best thinking about national security in support of the Security, Strategy, and Forces course within the National Security Decision Making Department of the Naval War College.  It focuses on gaining a wider grasp of the various levels and aspects of security, and examining the dynamic challenges that affect the selection of future defense forces.  This fourth edition of Strategy and Force Planning presents a wide range of articles on national security requirements, strategy and resources." - Acknowledgments.
Book call no.: 355.033073 S8984

Sumida, Jon Tetsuro.  Decoding Clausewitz: A New Approach to On War.  Lawrence, KS, University Press of Kansas, 2008.  234 p.  (Modern War Studies).
According to the author he attempts to interpret Carl von Clausewitz's On War in four ways: "First, I evaluate a select body of important critical writing about Clausewitz and On War.  Second, I describe the nature of Clausewitz's experience during the Napoleonic war and his intellectual reaction to that experience.  Third, I consider Clausewitzian thought in terms of analytical perspectives offered by twentieth-century philosophical and scientific work.  And fourth, I explained Clausewitz's practical and theoretical content, his organization of subjects, the structure of his argument, the significance of his key terms, and his philosophical method." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 355.02 S955d

Summers, Harry G., Jr.  The Making of Military Strategy for the 21st Century.  Berkeley, CA, University of California, 1997.  79 p.
Chester W. Nimitz Memorial Lectures in National Security Affairs sponsored by the of Departments Military Education and International and Area Studies.
Book call no.: 355.4 S955m

Summers, Harry G., Jr.  The New World Strategy: A Military Policy for America's Future.  New York, Simon & Shuster, 1995.  270 p.
"Drawing from classic works on strategic thinking and his own intimate knowledge of today's military, Summers offers a trenchant analysis of American foreign policy and the role of the military--including an urgent warning about the current state of affairs and recommendations for future policies." - Summary.
Book call no.: 355.033573 S955n

Sun Tzu.  Art of War, translated by Samuel B. Griffith.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1963.  197 p.
"Sun Tzu's essays on 'The Art of War' form the earliest known treatise on the subject, but have never been surpassed in comprehensiveness and depth of understanding." - Forward.
Book call no.: 355 S57a 1963

Svechin, Aleksandr A.  Strategy, edited by Kent D. Lee.  Minneapolis, MN, East View Publication, 1991.  374 p.
Translation of: Strategiia, 1927 written by Aleksandr Svechin, Russian military theorist.
Book call no.: 355.033 S968s

The Use of Force: Military Power and International Politics, edited by Robert J. Art and Kenneth N. Waltz.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2004.  483 p.
Presents "readings analyzing the relationship between military strategy and foreign policy.  Some selections treat general principles guiding the use of force, while others deal with specific applications of force." - Summary.
Book call no.: 327.172 U84 2004

Van Creveld, Martin.  The Art of War: War and Military Thought.  London, Cassell, Wellington House, 2000.  224 p. (Cassell History of Warfare)
"This book narrates the complete history of military thought and its impact on the art of war and warfare from the ancient Chinese through to the great masters of the nineteenth century, twentieth-century warfare and the wars of the future." - Book Jacket.
Book call no.: 355.0209 V223a

Whaley, Barton.  Stratagem: Deception and Surprise in War.  Boston, Artech House, 2007.  560 p.
Originally published by the Center for International Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1969.
Book call no.: 355.02 W552s

Wylie, J. C.  Military Strategy: A General Theory of Power Control.  New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 1967.  111 p.
The author's purpose "is to indicate why I think our existing methods of thinking about strategy are superficial and inadequate, to set forth in a bare outline the existing theories and their limitations, and then to speculate on a general theory of strategy that could provide a basis for more orderly and productive strategic thought than has generally prevailed in the past." - Preface.
Book call no.: 355.43 W983m

Yarger, Harry R.  Strategy and the National Security Professional: Strategic Thinking and Strategy Formulation in the 21st Century.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2008.  180 p.
"This book focuses on strategic theory, strategic thinking, and strategy formulation.  In the process it seeks to inform policy formulation and place planning in the proper context in relation to policy and strategy.  Its focus is on strategy at the highest levels of the nation-state and is applicable to grand strategy, national military strategy, other national-level strategies, and regional or theater strategy." - Preface.
Book call no.: 355.0335 Y28s


Boyd, John R.  A Discourse on Winning and Losing.  S.l., s.n., August 1987.  1 vol.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43947

Handel, Michael I.  Sun Tzu and Clausewitz: The Art of War and On War Compared.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 1991.  81 p.  (Professional Readings in Military Strategy, no. 2)
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-421

Jablonsky, David.  Why Is Strategy Difficult?  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, June 1992.  87 p.
Prepared for the U.S. Army War College Third Annual Conference on Strategy, ’The Search for Strategy', February 1992, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-454

Snow, Donald M. and Drew, Dennis M.  Introduction to Strategy.  2nd ed. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 1982.  160 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42620-24 no.00030C-R03-S01 (8205)

United States.  Marine Corps.  Strategy.  Washington, Dept. of the Navy, Headquarters United States Marine Corps, November 1997.  115 p.
"This publication (MCDP 1-1)  is designed to give Marine leaders a solid, common understanding of the fundamental nature of military strategy that is inherent in each military action.  Its intent is to give the reader the basic knowledge required to think 'strategically,' that is, to be able to examine the particulars of any specific situation and understand the political and military factors behind the use of force." - Forward.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.: M-U 42139-85 no.1-1

Wirtz, James.  Strategy in the Contemporary World.  Monterey, CA, Institute for Joint Warfare Analysis, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2000.  1 vol.
Workshop sponsored and organized by Department of National Security Affairs, Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, CA, 19-21 September, 2000.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525-187


Anderson, Ewan W.  Geopolitics: International Boundaries as Fighting Places.  Journal of Strategic Studies 22:125-136 June-September 1999.
This is a special edition on Geopolitics, Geography, and Strategy.
Limited access to full text.
Also available online at:

Atkeson, Edward B.  The Death of Strategy?  Army 49:7-12+ June 1999.
"Discusses the role of military strategy in the United States' participation in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Operation Allied Force in Yugoslavia.  US military officers' apprehension on further US involvement in the Operation; Past failures of international military operations; Primacy of civilian leadership in a democratic society; Principles of effective military planning." - Abstract.

Barrass, Gordon S.  The Renaissance in American Strategy and the Ending of the Great Cold War.  Military Review 90:101-110 January-February 2010.
Also available online at:

Barnett, Correlli.  Strategy and Society.  RUSI Journal for Defence Studies 121:11-19 September 1976.
A lecture given at the RUSI on 4 February 1976. 
"I want to look at strategy on a 1 to a million map; to draw right back and consider afresh what we mean, and what we ought to mean, by strategy; trace how our ideas about the nature of strategy have developed over the last 100 years." - Author.

Barnett, Correlli.  Ten Year Rule to 'Options for Change': The Case for Return to Strategy.  RUSI Journal 138:60-66 August 1993.
The author "argues that good intentions are no substitute for real strategy - the use of power in pursuit of a political object - without which we will not be able to reach real and lasting solutions to both particular problems and matters of global concern." - Article.

Belknap, Reginald R.  The Study of Strategy.  Naval War College Review 50:112-122 Spring 1997.
Also available online at:

Betts, Richard K.  Is Strategy an Illusion?  International Security 25:5-50 Fall 2000.
Also available online at:

Betts, Richard K.  The Trouble with Strategy: Bridging Policy and Operations.  Joint Force Quarterly No.29:23-30 Autumn-Winter 2001-2002.
Also available online at:

Brodie, Bernard.  Strategy as an Art and a Science.  Naval War College Review 51:26-38 Winter 1998.
A lecture delivered by Dr. Brodie at the Naval War College on December 18, 1958.
Also available online at:

Copley, Gregory R.  Grand Strategy in an Age of Tactics.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 36, no.1:4-7 2008.
"The article offers information on Grand Strategy in contemporary times, the 21st century which is described as a tactical period.  Grand Strategy is a pattern perception wherein it is suggested that the most essential information is the knowledge of oneself and one's own stand.  It is also an interactive and total cycle of comprehension, defining, and achieving the long-term goals of the whole society in the contextual layout of historic, latest, and changing transformation of the society." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Dolman, Everett C.  Geostrategy in the Space Age: An Astropolitical Analysis.  Journal of Strategic Studies 22:83-106 June-September 1999.
This is a special edition on Geopolitics, Geography, and Strategy.
Limited access to full text.
Also available online at:

Foster, Gregory D.  A Conceptual Foundation for a Theory of Strategy.  Washington Quarterly 13:43-59 Winter 1990.
Attempts "to establish a basic conceptual foundation for the eventual development of a theory of strategy." - Article.

Galvin, John R.  What's the Matter with Being a Strategist?  Parameters 25:161-168 Summer 1995.
This article was originally published in the March 1989 issue of Parameters.  At that time, General John R. Galvin was the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, and Commander-in-Chief, US European Command.
Also available online at:

Gray, Colin S.  On Strategic Performance.  Joint Force Quarterly No.10:30-36 Winter 1995-1996.
Also available online at:

Gray, Colin S.  Why Strategy Is Difficult.  Joint Force Quarterly No.22:6-12 Summer 1999.
Also available online at:

Guéhenno, Jean-Marie.  Impact of Globalisation on Strategy.  Survival 40:5-19 Winter 1998-1999.
"Globalisation is a political phenomenon characterised by the weakening of mediating institutions and the direct confrontation between individuals and global forces.  Its impact on strategy will be profound, but also ambiguous." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Handel, Michael I.  Corbett, Clausewitz, and Sun Tzu.  Naval War College Review 53:106-124 Autumn 2000.
Also available online at:

Howard, Michael.  The Forgotten Dimensions of Strategy.  Foreign Affairs 57:975-986 Summer 1979.
"In the West the concept of 'grand strategy' was introduced to cover those industrial, financial, demographic, and societal aspects of war that have become so salient to the twentieth century; in communist states all strategic thought was to have been validated by the holistic doctrines of Marxism-Leninism.  Without discarding such established concepts, I shall offer here a somewhat different and perhaps slightly simpler framework for analysis, based on a study of the way in which both strategic doctrine and warfare itself have developed over the past 200 years." - Article.
Also available online at:

Howard, Michael.  The Relevance of Traditional Strategy.  Foreign Affairs 51:253-266 January 1973.
Discusses the development of strategy through history, culminating in an examination of strategy in the nuclear age.
Also available online at:

Junio, Timothy J. and Protz, Jonathan.  Reorienting Grand Strategy: The Promise of Single-Equilibrium Defense Planning.  Joint Force Quarterly No.58:39-44 Third Quarter 2010.
Also available online at:

Kaplan, Morton A.  An Introduction to the Strategy of Statecraft.  World Politics 4:548-576 July 1952.
"This paper will try to demonstrate the importance of the problem of strategy formation in statecraft." - Article.
Also available online at:

Lonsdale, David J.  Information Power: Strategy, Geopolitics, and the Fifth Dimension.  Journal of Strategic Studies 22:137-157 June-September 1999.
This is a special edition on Geopolitics, Geography, and Strategy.
Limited access to full text.
Also available online at:

Lord, David.  Liddell Hart and the Napoleonic Fallacy.  RUSI Journal 142:57-63 April 1997.
Also available online at:

Martel, William C.  The Search for Strategy: Review Essay.  Naval War College Review 60:123-132 Summer 2007.
"Tackles the great unresolved problem that plagues contemporary policy makers and scholars, that is to determine the central organizing principle behind American national security policy.  It defines six basic criteria; multidimensional, integrated, interest-based rather than threat-based, grounded in hope rather than fear, pursued inside-out and adapted to the information age." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Matthews, Lloyd J.  On Clausewitz.  Army 38:20-24 February 1988.
"Professional pride and currency demand that we be abreast of the history of our craft and it's significant intellectual currents.  On War, despite its problematic aspects, remains an enduring reference point in every soldiers professional sojourn." - Article.

Meilinger, Phillip S.  Busting the Icon: Restoring Balance to the Influence of Clausewitz.  Strategic Studies Quarterly 1:116-145 Fall 2007.
Also available online at:

Miller, Benjamin.  Explaining Changes in U.S. Grand Strategy: 9/11, the Rise of Offensive Liberalism, and the War in Iraq.  Security Studies 19:26-65 January-March 2010.
Limited access to full text.
Also available online at:

Miller, Kent K.  Clausewitz 2007.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 133:10 December 2007.
Also available online at:

Murray, Williamson.  Some Thoughts on War and Geography.  Journal of Strategic Studies 22:201-217 June-September 1999.
This is a special edition on Geopolitics, Geography, and Strategy.
Limited access to full text.
Also available online at:

Owens, Mackubin T.  Strategy and the Strategic Way of Thinking.  Naval War College Review 60:111-124 Autumn 2007.
Also available online at:

Schwartz, Norton A. and Kirk, Timothy R.  Policy and Purpose: The Economy of Deterrence.  Strategic Studies Quarterly 3:11-30 Spring 2009.
Also available online at:

Sloan, Geoffrey.  Sir Halford J. Mackinder: The Heartland Theory Then and Now.  Journal of Strategic Studies 22:15-38 June-September 1999.
This is a special edition on Geopolitics, Geography, and Strategy.
"It is the aim of this article to assess and explain the origins, development and importance of heartland theory.  Before this can be done it is important to establish the nature of the relationship between geography and international relations." - Article.
Also available online at:

Smith, Munroe.  Military Strategy Versus Diplomacy: In Bismarck's Time and Afterward.  Political Science Quarterly 30:37-81 March 1915.
Also available online at:

Strachan, Hew.  The Lost Meaning of Strategy.  Survival 47:33-54 Autumn 2005.
Limited access to full text.
Also available online at:

Strachan, Hew.  Strategy and the Limitation of War.  Survival 50:31-54 February-March 2008.
"Governments talk about major war but provide the means only for small war.  Having set out with political goals that were unrealisable, they have not adjusted those goals but focused on military solutions which lack a political end.  So the application of military capabilities becomes, by default, an end in itself." - Abstract.
Limited access to full text.
Also available online at:

Trythall, A. J.  The Origins of Strategic Thought.  RUSI Journal for Defence Studies 118:51-56 September 1973.
Examines the history of strategic thought until 1945 by looking at authors such as: Clausewitz, J.F.C. Fuller, Douhet, and Mao.

Tuathail, Gearóid Ó.  Understanding Critical Geopolitics: Geopolitics and Risk Society.  Journal of Strategic Studies 22:107-124 June-September 1999.
This is a special edition on Geopolitics, Geography, and Strategy.
Also available online at:

Military Strategy


Alternative Military Strategies for the Future, edited by Keith A. Dunn and William O. Staudenmaier.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1985.  236 p. (Studies in International Security Affairs and Military Strategy)
Book call no.: 355.033573 A466

Ardant du Picq, Charles J.  Battle Studies: Ancient and Modern Battle.  New York, Macmillan, 1921.  273 p.
Translated from the 8th edition in the French by Colonel John N. Greely and Major Robert C. Cotton.
Book call no.: 355.48 Ar2

The Art of War in World History: From Antiquity to the Nuclear Age, edited by Gérard Chaliand.  Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 1994.  1072 p.
Studies warfare from ancient times until the present time.
Book call no.: 355.009 A784

Aston, George Grey.  Sea, Land, and Air Strategy: A Comparison.  London, J. Murray, 1914.  308 p.
Chapters include: On Preparations and War Plans; On Objectives and on Sea Warfare; On Concentration; On Dispersion; On Lines of Communication; On Fortification; On Coast Defence; On Air Warfare; and On the Invasion of Islands.
Book call no.: 355.43 As8

Bigelow, John.  The Principles of Strategy: Illustrated Mainly from American Campaigns.  2d ed., rev. and enlarged.  New York, Greenwood Press, 1968.  362 p. (West Point Military Library)
"The purpose of the author of this book is to discuss the subject of strategy in light of American warfare, and thus furnish instruction for Americans, not only in the theory of the subject, but also in the military history and geography of their own country." - Preface.
Book call no.: 355.43 B592p 1968

Booth, Ken and Herring, Eric.  Keyguide to Information Sources in Strategic Studies.  New York, Mansell, 1994.  242 p.
Envisioned to help students of strategy. 
"It will tell them not only about the subject in general, but will suggest where they can find out about particular information and how to assess different information sources." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 355.4 B725k

Builder, Carl H.  The Masks of War: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis.  Baltimore, MD, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.  240 p.
"This book is devoted to analyzing and explaining why the United States Army, Navy, and Air Force behave the way they do.  The author believes that an understanding of this behavior can be gained by observing the unique styles of the military services in their approaches to strategy and analysis.  Rather than trying to expose what the military services have done wrong or failed to do, this book attempts, by stripping away their 'mask of war,' to understand how they think and what they are likely to do in the future." - Forward by Senator Sam Nunn.
Book call no.: 355.033573 B932m

Callwell, Charles Edward.  Military Operations and Maritime Preponderance: Their Relationship and Interdependence.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 1996.  525 p.  (Classics of Sea Power)
Originally published in 1905.  "This little-known 1905 study is one of the few in older literature that deals with a matter of central concern today: The relationship between land and sea warfare." - Summary.
Book call no.: 355 C163m 1996

Callwell, Charles Edward.  Small Wars, Their Principles and Practice.  3rd ed. Lincoln, NE, University of Nebraska Press, 1996.  559 p.
"Originally published in 1896, Small Wars is an ambitious attempt to analyze and draw lessons from Western experience in fighting campaigns of imperial conquest.  His message is clear, and it is relevant to current debates about conflicts as diverse as those in Bosnia, Somalia, and Vietnam.  Technological superiority is an important, but seldom critical, ingredient in the success of low-intensity operations.  An ability to adapt to terrain and climate, to match the enemy in mobility and inventiveness, to collect intelligence, and above all the capacity to seize what the enemy prizes most, will determine success or failure." - Book Jacket.
Book call no.: 355.44 C13s 1996

Cimbala, Stephen J.  Coercive Military Strategy.  College Station, TX, Texas A&M University Press, 1998.  229 p.
"Coercive military strategy is a necessary part of any diplomatic-strategic recipe for success.  Few wars are total wars, fought to annihilation, and military power is inherently political, employed for political purpose, in order to advance the public agenda of a state, so in any war there comes a time when a diplomatic resolution may be possible.  To that end, coercive strategy should be flexible, for there are as many variations to it as there are variations in wars and warfare." - Summary.
Book call no.: 327.1 C573c

Collins, John M.  Military Strategy: Principles, Practices, and Historical Perspectives.  Washington, Brassey's, 2002.  333 p.
"Provides an overview of the principles, theories, policies, and other fundamentals of modern warfare and their applications in the twenty-first century." - Summary.
Book call no.: 355.03 C712m

Complex Deterrence: Strategy in the Global Age, edited by T. V. Paul and others.  Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2009.  345 p.
Papers presented at a conference at McGill University in Montreal in May 2007.
Book call no.: 355.02 C736

Delbruck, Hans.  History of the Art of War Within the Framework of Political History.  Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1975.  4 vols. (Contributions in Military History)
Volume 1: Antiquity; Volume 2: The Germans; Volume 3: The Modern Era; Volume 4: The Middle Ages.
Book call no.: 355.009 D344h

Echevarria, Antulio Joseph, II.  Preparing for One War and Getting Another?  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2010.  38 p. (Advancing Strategic Thought)
"Examines the fundamental argument that America’s adversaries are shifting more toward irregular methods due to the demonstrated prowess of the U.S. military at conventional warfare." - Abstract.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 355.343 E18p

Falls, Cyril Bentham.  The Nature of Modern Warfare.  London, Methuen, 1941.  101 p.
"This book contains the four Lees Knowles Lectures which I had the honour of delivering at Cambridge in January and February, 1941, and a fifth paper of similar length." - Preface.
Book call no.: 355.04 F19n

Feiberger, Gustav Joseph.  Elements of Strategy.  West Point, NY, United States Military Academy Press, 1917.  113 p.
The author was a professor of engineering at the United States Military Academy.  Includes chapters on: Strategy; Preparation for War; Mobilization; Conduct of Strategic Operations; and Offensive and Defensive in Strategy.
Book call no.: 355.43 F45e

Foch, Ferdinand.  The Principles of War, translated by J. de Morinni.  New York, AMS Press, 1918.  372 p.
Attempts to teach the principles of warfare in light of the mainly trench warfare of World War I. 
"Ignorance of the eternal principles of tactics in open warfare as resulted in heavy losses of life on several occasions when operations temporarily assumed the character of open warfare, and for such ignorance of a heavy responsibility rest with those - usually junior officers - who considered a study of tactics are necessary to their work in this war." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 355.48 F68pc

Foertasche, Herman.  The Art of Modern Warfare.  New York, Veritas Press, 1940.  273 p.
"The original...title of this book was Kriegskunst Heute und Morgen...As 'Tomorrow' Has Become 'Today' we felt justified in changing the English title to The Art of Modern Warfare.  We have also changed the titles of certain chapters accordingly." - Publisher’s note.
Book call no.: 355.48 F69a

Fuller, J. F. C.  The Conduct of War, 1789-1961; a Study of the Impact of the French, Industrial, and Russian Revolutions on War and Its Conduct.  New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 1961.  352 p.
Includes studies of: Limited Wars; Unlimited Force; Napoleonic Warfare; Theories of Clausewitz; American Civil War; Moltke; Foch and Bloch; and World Wars I and II.
Book call no.: 355.09 F96c

Fuller, J. F. C.  The Foundations of the Science of War.  London, Hutchinson, 1926.  335 p.
Located in Fairchild Special Collection: In library use only; ask at Circulation Desk. 
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 355.48 F96f

Goltz, Colmar Freiherr von der.  The Conduct of War: A Short Treatise on Its Most Important Branches and Guiding Rules.  London, K. Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1908.  285 p.  (Wolseley Series, no. 4)
"The following pages contain, in brief form, his views (von der Goltz) as to the conduct of the principal strategical and tactical operations of war, and will be found to be a short and convenient introduction to a deeper study of the rules which should underline the direction of the ever-varying incidence of modern fighting." - Preface.
Book call no.: 355 G58c

Gray, Colin S.  Explorations in Strategy.  Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1996.  265 p. (Contributions in Military Studies, no. 164)
Specifically deals with airpower and special operations.
Book call no.: 355.4 G778m

Handel, Michael I.  War, Strategy and Intelligence.  Totowa, NJ, Frank Cass, 1989.  500 p.
Includes sections on: Technology's Impact on Modern War, Intelligence and Strategy, and Ending War.
Book call no.: 355.43 H236w

Hanley, Brian.  Planning for Conflict in the Twenty-First Century.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2008.  217 p. (PSI Reports)
"This book aims to serve the military profession, and so the national interest, by helping to generate intelligent reform of the way in which the armed forces train, educate, and promote the officers who shape our military strategy and write our war plans." - Summary.
Book call no.: 355.0071173 H241p

Hendrickson, David C.  The Future of American Strategy.  New York, Holmes & Meier, 1987.  210 p.
"The author believes that significant reductions in the Army are possible because effective power projection can be accomplished by the Air Force and Navy." - Summary.
Book call no.: 355.033573 H518f

Inside Defense: Understanding the U. S. Military in the 21st Century, edited by Derek S. Reveron and Judith Hicks Stiehm.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.  279 p.
Chapter 1: Strategy in War by Stephen Biddle.
Book call no.: 355.033073 I59

Johnsen, William T. and others.  The Principles of War in the 21st Century: Strategic Considerations.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 1995.  38 p.
The authors examine the concepts, philosophy, and theory of strategy, as well as the nature of land warfare.  They analyze how the principles of war may apply at the strategic level of warfare under the conditions of the 21st century.  They conclude that there is utility in maintaining a set of principles to act as a guide--but not a prescription--for the process of strategy formulation and execution and offer a revision of the existing principles of war to conform to the strategic level of warfare and to bring them in line with the anticipated conditions of the so-called Information Age.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 358.414 J65p

Jones, Archer.  Elements of Military Strategy: An Historical Approach.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 1996.  264 p.
Uses American conflicts since 1607 to demonstrate the elements of strategy.
Book call no.: 355.4 J76e

Lewer, Nick and Schofield, Steven.  Non-Lethal Weapons: A Fatal Attraction?  Military Strategies and Technologies for 21st-Century Conflict.  Atlantic Highlands, NJ, Zed Books, 1997.  158 p.
"This book tells us what the new weapons are, how they work, and the burgeoning body of policy and doctrine relating to their deployment.  It describes how this military hi-tech is already beginning to be used and the health risks, ethical implications and human rights consequences involved.  The authors discuss the new notion of benign intervention as it becomes a central part of 21st century strategy for the maintenance of order in an essentially disorderly world." - Book Jacket.
Book call no.: 355.0215 L671n

Liddell Hart, Basil Henry.  The Decisive Wars of History: A Study in Strategy.  London, G. Bell & Sons, 1929.  242 p.
Examines Greek, Roman, and Medieval wars.  Then looks at wars in the 17th and 18th centuries and finally examines the French Revolution and Napoleonic wars.
Book call no.: 355.48 L712d

Liddell Hart, Basil Henry.  Revolution in Warfare.  London, Faber and Faber, 1944.  125 p.
"The revolution in warfare has thus been two-sided - on the one side, in the instruments, the technique of warfare; on the other side, the character of warfare." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 355 L62re

Luttwak, Edward N.  Strategy and History: Collected Essays.  New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction Books, 1985.  251 p.
Part I: Deterrence, Destruction, and Détente; Part II: The Use of Naval Power; Part III: Styles of Warfare and Styles of Strategy.
Book call no.: 355.02 L974s

Metz, Steven and Kievit, James.  Strategy and the Revolution in Military Affairs: From Theory to Policy.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 1995.  38 p.
The authors' "provide a set of hypotheses regarding the configuration and process of revolutions in military affairs, and examines some of their potential policy implications." - Forward.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 355.4 M596s

Military Strategy in a Changing Europe: Towards the Twenty-First Century, edited by Brian Holden Reid and Michael Dewar.  New York, Brassey's, 1991.  257 p.
Paper from a conference held at the University of London and organized by the British Army and the Department of War Studies, King's College, London.
Book call no.: 355.03304 M6442

Military Strategy in Transition: Defense and Deterrence in the 1980s, edited by Keith A. Dunn and William O. Staudenmaier.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1984.  225 p.  (Studies in International Security Affairs and Military Strategy)
Papers presented at a conference held in July 1983 at the U.S. Army War College.
Book call no.: 355.03304 M644

Myers, Richard B.  The New American Way of War.  Colorado Springs, CO, USAF Academy, 2003.  17 p. (Ira C. Eaker Distinguished Lecture on National Defense Policy, no. 25)
Lecture given on May 1, 2003.
Book call no.: 355.02 M996n

Nunn, Sam.  The Need to Reshape Military Strategy.  Washington, Center for Strategic & International Studies, 1983.  13 p. (Significant Issues Series, vol. 5, no. 4)
Delivered to the Advisory Board of the Georgetown University Center for Strategic and International Studies, Friday, March 18, 1983, at the Madison Hotel, Washington, DC.
The author was a U.S. Senator at the time of the presentation, and would later serve as Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee from 1987-1995.
Book call no.: 355.033573 N972n

Ropp, Theodore.  The Historical Development of Contemporary Strategy.  Colorado Springs, CO, United States Air Force Academy, 1970.  23 p. (Harmon Memorial Lectures in Military History, no. 12)
Provides a historic background for strategy in the 1970s.
Book call no.: 355.43 R785h

Scales, Robert H., Jr.  Future Warfare: Anthology.  Rev. ed. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, 2001.  301 p.
"This Revised Anthology is about the future of military operations in the opening decades of the 21st century.  Its purpose is not to predict the future, but to speculate on the conduct of military operations as an instrument of national policy in a world absent massive thermonuclear and conventional superpower confrontation characteristic of the Cold War." - Abstract.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 355.033073 S281f 2001

Schelling, Thomas C.  The Strategy of Conflict.  Rev. ed. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1980.  309 p.
Sections include: Elements on a Theory of Strategy; A Reorientation of Game Theory; Strategy with a Random Ingredient; and Surprise Attack: A Study in Mutual Distrust.
Book call no.: 355.020151 S322s 1980

The Science of Military Strategy, edited by Peng Guangqian and Yao Youzhi.  Beijing, China, Military Science Publishing House, 2005.  504 p.
Translation of the 2001 Chinese version.  Sections include: Basics of Sciences Strategy; The General Laws of War and Conduct of War; High-Tech Local War and Strategic Guidance on It.
Book call no.: 355.02 S416

Simons, Anna.  Got Vision?  Unity of Vision in Politics and Strategy: What It Is, and Why We Need It.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2010.  30 p.
"The argument made here moves beyond 'unity of effort' and 'unity of command' to identify an overarching need for 'unity of vision.'  Without someone at the helm who has a certain kind—not turn, not frame, but kind—of mind, asymmetric confrontations will be hard (if not impossible) to win." - Synopsis.
Also available online at:

Book call no.: 658.4012 S591g

Steed, Brian.  Armed Conflict: The Lessons of Modern Warfare.  New York, Ballantine Books, 2002.  286 p.
Analyses battles in Korea, Vietnam, the Falkland Islands, the Persian Gulf and Somalia.
Book call no.: 355.020973 S813a

Thee, Marek.  Military Technology, Military Strategy and the Arms Race.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1986.  139 p.
"This book argues that a principal factor contributing to the arms race is the military research and development sector.  It traces the arms race since World War II and explores the relationship between the emergence of new weapon technology, the development of new weapon systems and their impact on strategic thinking." - Summary.
Book call no.: 355.820904 T375m

Torkelson, Thomas D.  Ideas in Arms: Relationship of Kinetic and Ideological Means in America's Global War on Terror.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 2008.  135 p. (Drew Paper, no. 2)
"The purpose of this paper is to determine whether or not America’s kinetic emphasis represents an effective method to achieve the stated political objectives of the global war on terror.  The author addresses four questions: What constitutes an effective military strategy?  Does America exhibit a characteristic method of waging war?  If so, what traits best depict that model?  What model would best represent the antithesis of America’s preferred form of warfare?" - Chapter 1.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 355.02 T683i

U.S. Army War College Guide to Strategy, edited by Joseph R. Cerami and James F Holcomb, Jr.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2001.  282 p.
Each chapter "highlights a major concept used in our strategy formulation model." - Introduction.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 355.020973 U84

Weigley, Russell F.  The American Way of War: A History of United States Military Strategy and Policy.  New York, Macmillan Publishing, 1973.  584 p.
Examines the history of American strategic thought from George Washington to the 1970s. 
"Once American military power became great enough to make the destruction of the country's enemies an object worth contemplating, a central theme of the history of American strategy came to be the problem of how to secure victory in its desired fullness without paying the costs so high that the cost would mock the very enterprise of waging war.  But another main theme of this as of any history concerned with modern war must be the growing tendency, especially after the Napoleonic Wars, for a variety of technological and social developments to deprive warfare of its ability to produce decisions." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 355.0973 W418a

Whitman, J. E. A.  How Wars Are Fought: The Principles of Strategy and Tactics.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1941.  120 p. (Meridian Books)
Author was a Captain in the Royal Artillery.
Book call no.: 355.4 W59h


Furlong, Raymond B.  Fundamentals of Military Strategy.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, 1977.  27 p.
A lecture delivered at the Air War College, Air University on December 14, 1977.
Doc. call no.: M-U 38043-187

Schwabe, William.  Strategic Analysis as Though Non-Superpowers Matter.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, June 1983.  109 p. (RAND Note)
"The study asks if a more dynamic treatment of nonsuperpower behavior in strategic analysis is feasible and desirable.  It describes a rule-based nonsuperpower simulation and results of gaming several scenarios.  The analysis reveals possible interactions between superpower and nonsuperpower decisionmaking potentially affecting deterrence stability, military performance, and alliance cohesion.  It concludes that strategic analysis can and should consider nonsuperpower behavior as important independent variables." - Web site.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.: M-U 30352-53 no.1997


Agrell, Wilhelm.  Offensive Versus Defensive: Military Strategy and Alternative Defence.  Journal of Peace Research 24:75-85 March 1987.
Also available online at:

Art, Robert J.  Geopolitics Updated: The Strategy of Selected Engagement.  International Security 23:79-113 Winter 1998-1999.
Also available online at:

Atkeson, Edward B.  International Crises and the Evolution of Strategy and Forces (Part 1).  Military Review 55:80-94 October 1975. 
"The intent of this discussion is to contribute to the process of perspective development through a review of selected crises in context with the evolution of strategies since 1945.   Assuming some success in this endeavor, we may expect to define a rough analytical model which will lend itself to forward extrapolation to permit some glimpses into the future." -  Article.

Atkeson, Edward B.  International Crises and the Evolution of Strategy and Forces (Part 2).  Military Review 55:47-55 November 1975.
"We may expect lessons gained in recent crises and their aftermaths and recent external strategic developments will constitute the major forces shaping our strategy in the immediate future." -  Article.

Bartlett, Henry C. and others.  Art of Strategy and Force Planning.  Naval War College Review 48:114-126 Spring 1995.
"The first half of this article presents a simple model that addresses the key variables in the art of strategy and force planning.  This part stresses logical decisions about ends, means, and strategy; it identifies potential mismatches among the variables, repeating the process if necessary.  The second half of the article focuses more narrowly on military force planning.  It examines commonly used approaches, whose strength and weaknesses are weighted in terms of the model." - Article.

Baucom, Donald R.  Historical Framework for the Concept of Strategy.  Military Review 67:2-13 March 1987.
"Examines the evolution of warfare in the 18th century until today and shows how the concept of strategy has changed in response to changes in warfare." - Article.

Bolland, Ben.  Re-Thinking Coercion.  RUSI Journal 151:42-46 August 2006.
"Many military planners and strategists of the 20th century regarded coercion as a physical process whereby limited punishment would be inflicted on one's adversary in order to try and dissuade them from propagating hostilities.  Such thinking was central to the late 1960s.  It remained present in the thinking behind Desert Storm.  Bolland opines that there is a need for rethinking coercion which has focused on the military means and sought to suggest new ways of delivering military force that will be likely to coerce all kinds of adversaries." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Bratton, Patrick C.  When Is Coercion Successful?  And Why Can't We Agree on It?  Naval War College Review 58:99-120 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:

Brimley, Shawn.  Crafting Strategy in an Age of Transition.  Parameters 38:27-42 Winter 2008-2009.
"Examines the strategies of the U.S. government while it conducts two wars, describes the geopolitical changes occurring in 2009." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Carreno, Jose and others.  What's New about the AirSea Battle Concept?  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 136:52-59 August 2010.
Also available online at:

Chilton, Kevin and Weaver, Greg.  Waging Deterrence in the Twenty-First CenturyStrategic Studies Quarterly 3:31-42 Spring 2009.
Also available online at:

Copley, Gregory R.  Invisible Hand of Strategy: A Brief Introduction to Psychological Strategy.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 24:8-10 January 1996.
Dr. Stefan T. Possony's 1977 introduction to psychological strategy is updated by his colleague Gregory Copley.

Copley, Gregory R.  Re-Defining Psychological Strategy: In the Age of Information Warfare.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 26:5-8 June 1998.
Also available online at:

Davis, Christopher R.  The Art of Strategy and Operational Warfare: Getting It Right.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 48:92-97 2008.
Also available online at:

Davison, Kenneth L., Jr.  Clausewitz and the Indirect Approach - Misreading the Master.  Airpower Journal 2:42-52 Winter 1988.
Also available online at:

Delamer, Guillermo R.  Strategic Keyboard: A Model to Relate the Principles of War.  Naval War College Review 44:96-107 Autumn 1991.
"Discusses the role of military strategy in the United States' participation in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Operation Allied Force in Yugoslavia.  US military officers' apprehension on further US involvement in the Operation; Past failures of international military operations; Primacy of civilian leadership in a democratic society; Principles of effective military planning." - Abstract.

Fielding, Marcus.  Regime Change: Planning and Managing Military-Led Interventions as Projects.  RUSI Journal 151:20-22+ October 2006.
Also available online at:

Gardner, Nikolas.  Restructuring the "Icon": The Enduring Relevance of Clausewitz's On WarStrategic Studies Quarterly 3:119-133 Spring 2009.
Also available online at:

Gates, Robert M.  A Balanced Strategy: Reprogramming the Pentagon for a New Age.  DISAM Journal 31:11-17 March 2009.
Also available online at:

Gorbunov, V. N. and Bogdanov, S. A.  Military Strategic Confrontation: Forms and Methods of Influencing the Economic Potential of the Enemy.  Military Thought 17, no.1:136-148 2008.
"The article presents the authors' views on the concept of military-economic confrontation.  They note that the 'military-economic' confrontation concept has become established from the beginning of the 20th century.  Military-economic confrontation is viewed as a particular case of economic confrontation, when the rival countries are doing their best to put their economies on a wartime footing, and when they subject these efforts to military-political purposes." - Abstract.

Gray, Colin S.  Strategic Thoughts for Defence Planners.  Survival 52:159-178 June-July 2010.
Also available online at:

Heuser, Beatrice.  Strategy Before the Word: Ancient Wisdom for the Modern World.  RUSI Journal 155:36-43 February 2010.
Also available online at:

Hoffman, Frank G.  "Decisive Force": A New American Way of War?  Strategic Review 23:23-34 Winter 1995.
"This principle (decisive force) has applicability as a warfighting concept, but is less applicable to 'operations other than the war'.  This distinction must be clearly understood by both civilian policymakers and the uniformed military." - Article.

Lee, Kent D.  Strategy and History: The Soviet Approach to Military History and Its Implications for Military Strategy.  Journal of Soviet Military Studies 3:409-445 September 1990.
States that ideological foundations that "have underlied the formulation of Soviet strategy have resulted in three basic outcomes: a systematic misperception of the military-historical reality, a predilection for the offensive, and a tendency to stagnate." - Article.

Liotta, P. H.  Chaos as Strategy.  Parameters 32:47-56 Summer 2002.
Also available online at:

Liotta, P. H.  Strategy and the Curse of Intended Outcomes.  Strategic Review 28:47-54 Winter 2000.
"The practical application of philosophy to the most impractical, and perhaps impossible, of real-life problems is the articulation of strategy as a means to deal with future uncertainties.  As the political, cultural, environmental, economic, and military elements of power gain in complexity, and non-state influence is dominate and perhaps replace more traditional functions of the state, the use of abductive reasoning - which posits the question of possibility while allowing that the opposite of the posited question might be equally valid until a known truth is converged upon - may prove the most powerful method to deal with future uncertainty." - Article.

Liotta, P. H. and Lloyd, Richmond M.  From Here to There: The Strategy and Force Planning Framework.  Naval War College Review 58:121-137 Spring 2005.
"In an attempt to address the demands of both the current and future security environments, Liotta and Lloyd offer a framework that may help decision makers ask the right questions, appreciate the complex dynamic of strategy, and address in a comprehensive way the important factors present in strategic decision making." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Litwak, Robert S.  The New Calculus of Pre-Emption.  Survival 44:53-79 Winter 2002-2003.
Limited access to full text.
Also available online at:

Lord, Carnes.  Leadership and Strategy.  Naval War College Review 54:139-144 Winter 2001.
"The literature of contemporary international relations is united when considering leadership as secondary in importance to military or political success.  Though rarely directly saying so, proponents of the revolution in military affairs (RMA) presume that leadership will inevitably become irrelevant as technology increasingly takes over that function." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Lykke, Arthur F., Jr.  Defining Military Strategy.  Military Review 77:183-186 January-February 1997.
Originally in the May 1989 Military Review. 
"Offers a pragmatic definition of military strategy and its importance for students at the United States Army's senior tactical school.  Military strategy versus national strategy; Levels of military strategy; National policy; Means portion of the military strategy equation; Distinction between the political and military objective." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Metz, Steven.  Why Aren't Americans Better at Strategy?  Military Review 77:187-190 January-February 1997.
Reprinted from May 1989 Military Review.
Also available online at:

Moll, Kenneth L.  Realistic Deterrence and New Strategy.  Air University Review 23:2-12 November-December 1971.
Discusses the Nixon administration's strategy of realistic deterrence which "is designed not to manage crises but to prevent wars and to operate across the full spectrum of possible conflict and capabilities." - Article.

Reiter, Dan and Meek, Curtis.  Determinants of Military Strategy, 1903-1994: A Quantitative Empirical Test.  International Studies Quarterly 43:363-387 June 1999.
Also available online at:

Reveron, Derek S. and Cook, James L.  Developing Strategists: Translating National Strategy into Theater StrategyJoint Force Quarterly No. 55:21-28 2009.
"Tactics without strategy are a variety of roads that are going nowhere and will lead to a very short-term focus on a mission." - Article.
Also available online at:

Rosen, Stephen P.  Military Effectiveness: Why Society Matters.  International Security 19:5-31 Spring 1995.
Also available online at:

Russett, Bruce M.  The Calculus of Deterrence.  Journal of Conflict Resolution 7:97-109 June 1963.
"The article examines the cases from 1946 to 1950 where a major power overtly threatened a weak nation with military force, and where the defender either had given, prior to the crisis, some indication of an intent to protect the weak nation or made a commitment in time to prevent the threatened attack.  It explores the question of what makes a threat credible by asking which threats have been believed and which disregarded.  The viewpoints of the attacker about which threats should be taken seriously are provided, as well as a systematic comparison of these cases with regards to their credibility of deterrence." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Saunders, Elizabeth N.  Transformative Choices: Leaders and the Origins of Intervention Strategy.  International Security 34:119-161 Fall 2009.
"When and why do great powers seek to transform foreign institutions and societies through military interventions?  What role does executive leadership play in influencing the choice of intervention strategy, especially the degree to which an intervention interferes in the domestic institutions of the target state?" - Abstract.

Walder, Serge.  Political Decapitation.  Military Review 83:15-20 May-June 2003.
Also available online at:

Air Strategy


Arnold, Henry Harley.  Global Mission.  New York, Harper & Brothers, 1949.  626 p.
Book call no.: 940.544973 A755g

Caldwell, Cyril Cassidy.  Air Power and Total War.  New York, Coward-McCann, 1943.  244 p.
This book, written during World War II, observes "the part played so far by air power in existence, in an effort to determine the present relationship between forces of the land to sea and air.  While it seems probable that air power eventually will take its place as the most decisive factor in the present war, and the most potent force for world peace after the war." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 629.133 C12a

Clarke, Shaun.  Strategy, Air Strike and Small Nations.  Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Base Fairbairn, Australia, Aerospace Centre, 2001.  203 p.
Chapter 1: The Nature of Strategy, pp 11-20.  Also has sections on historic air operations from World War I to Operation Allied Force.
Book call no.: 358.4 C611s

De Seversky, Alexander P.  Victory Through Air Power.  New York, Simon & Schuster, 1942.  354 p.
Gives the author's plans for the strategic use of air power in World War II.
Book call no.: 623.74 D451v

Dickens, Gerald Charles.  Bombing and Strategy: The Fallacy of Total War.  London, S. Low, Marston, 1947.  90 p.
Examines the strategy of aerial bombing used by British forces during World War II.  Includes a section on the atomic bomb.
Book call no.: 358.4 D548b

Douhet, Giulio.  The Command of the Air, translated by Dino Ferrari.  New York, Coward-McCann, 1942.  394 p.
First edition published in 1921.  Discusses aerial warfare, the probable aspects of the war of the future, World War I, the allies plan of operation, and Germany's plan of operation.
Book call no.: 358.4 D737c

Gray, Colin S.  The Airpower Advantage in Future Warfare: The Need for Strategy.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Airpower Research Institute, 2007.  39 p.  (Research Paper 2007-2)
"The major purpose of the study is to contribute to some reduction in America's strategy deficit." - Summary.
Book call no.: 358.4030973 G778a

Gray, Colin S.  Understanding Airpower: Bonfire of the Fallacies.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Airpower Research Institute, 2009.  68 p.
"Professor Gray identifies and discusses nine fallacies that: (1) the USAF should abandon large-scale regular warfare; (2) airpower is inherently a strategic weapon; (3) airpower is driven by technology rather than ideas; (4) airpower is about targeting; (5) airpower must be subordinate to land power; (6) the theory of strategic airpower is flawed; (7) an independent USAF interferes with an effective joint force structure; (8) airpower is a minor player in counterinsurgency (COIN); and finally, a longstanding issue, (9) the twenty-first century is about missiles, space, and cyber power and airpower is yesterday’s revolution." - Forward.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 358.4030973 G778u

Kingston-McCloughry, Edgar James.  War in Three Dimensions; The Impact of Air Power upon the Classical Principles of War.  London, Jonathan Cape, 1949.  159 p.
The author states that his experience in planning the Normandy Invasion during World War II convinced him that he should study the principles of strategy in modern warfare, which resulted in the publication of this book.
Book call no.: 355.43 K55w

Mitchell, William.  Winged Defense: The Development and Possibilities of Modern Air Power - Economic and Military.  Port Washington, NY, Kennikat Press, 1925.  261 p.
Billy Mitchell argues for the U.S. to embrace air power as a strategic element for the future.
Book call no.: 629.13 M69w 1971

Pape, Robert A.  Bombing to Win: Air Power and Coercion in War.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 1996.  366 p.
"Pape examines the air raids on Germany, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, and Iraq as well as those of Israel versus Egypt, providing details of bombing operations and governmental decision making.  His detailed narratives of the strategic effectiveness of bombing range from the classical cases of World War II to an extraordinary reconstruction of airpower use in the Gulf War, based on recently declassified documents.  Pape argues convincingly that airpower is no 'magic bullet' nor a way to win inexpensively." - Book Jacket.
Book call no.: 358.424 P214b

Sigaud, Louis A.  Douhet and Aerial Warfare.  New York, Putnam, 1941.  134 p.
Book call no.: 629.133 Si2d

Tedder, Arthur William.  Air Power in War.  London, Hodder and Stoughton, 1954.  124 p.  (Lees Knowles Lectures, 1947)
Reprint of the 1948 ed.
Book call no.: 623.74 T256a 1954

Warden, John A., III.  The Air Campaign: Planning for Combat.  Washington, National Defense University Press, 1988.  193 p.
"This book offers planners greater understanding of how to use air power for future air campaigns against a wide variety of enemy capabilities in a wide variety of air operations." - Forward.
Book call no.: 358.414 W265a


Carr, Anthony B.  America's Conditional Advantage: Airpower, Counterinsurgency, and the Theory of John Warden.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2009.  139 p.
"A theoretical and historical exploration of the role and relevance of airpower in counterinsurgency." - Article.
Also available online at:

Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1 C311a

Dews, Edmund and Kozaczka, Felix.  Air Interdiction: Lessons from Past Campaigns.  Santa Monica, CA, RAND, September 1981.  62 p.  (RAND Note)
"Presents the results of research on air interdiction in World War II, the Korean War, and the war in Southeast Asia.  Outlines the lessons that can be learned from experience with air interdiction of ground-force operations, and suggests a number of factors that should be considered in planning and conducting an interdiction campaign." - Web site.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.: M-U 30352-53 no.1743


Airpower in Counterinsurgency.  Military Technology 34, no.7:99-102 2010.
Also available online at:

Estes, Richard H.  Giulio Douhet - More on Target Than He Knew.  Airpower Journal 4:68-78 Winter 1990.
Also available online at:

Etienne-Leccia, Guy.  Aerospace Power: What Is It for?  Military Technology 32, no.2:32-35 2008.
"The aim of this article is to highlight the role of aerospace power as a strategic tool at the service of the political authorities, whether for the everyday protection of the national territory and population or for military operations abroad." - Article.
Also available online at:

Gray, Peter W.  Air Power and Coercion.  RUSI Journal 145:37-41 August 2000.
Also available online at:

Gray, Peter W.  Air Power and Levels of Warfare.  Royal Air Force Air Power Review 5:1-17 Spring 2002.
"The debate on levels of warfare and types of warfare will continue.  It is important that the debate focuses on substantive issues not just the labels.  The reality is that the levels of warfare brings some clarity to the planning process and their inclusion in the realms of doctrine can only serve to aid understanding.  It is, however, equally important to view each potential conflict from each corner of the set of graphs so that the contest is not just seen from one's own perspective." - Conclusion.

Hunerwaldel, J. P.  Whatever Happened to Strategic Attack?  Air & Space Power Journal 22:31-38 Spring 2008.
Also available online at:

Klein, John J.  Space Warfare: A Maritime-Inspired Space Strategy.  Astropolitics 2:33-61 Spring 2004.
Attempts to formulate space power strategy "
by expanding the purview of naval operations to include those of maritime operations, which includes the interaction of land and sea, the nature and scope of space operations can be fully encompassed.  By using Sir Julian Corbett's maritime model, a space theory and associated principles can be subsequently derived to predict concerns and develop ideas not currently recognized." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Krause, Merrick E.  Integrated Coercive Strategies and the Role of the Air Component.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 41:68-75 2006.
Also available online at:

Lambeth, Benjamin S.  Air Power, Space Power and Geography.  Journal of Strategic Studies 22:63-82 June-September 1999.
This is a special edition on Geopolitics, Geography, and Strategy.
Also available online at:

Larribau, Tim.  A New Form of Air Warfare.  Air & Space Power Journal 21:27-32 Fall 2007.
Also available online at:

Meilinger, Phillip S.  Precision Aerospace Power, Discrimination, and the Future of War.  Aerospace Power Journal 15:12-20 Fall 2001.
Also available online at:

Mets, David R.  Bomber Barons, Bureaucrats, and Budgets: Your Professional Reading on the Theory and Doctrine of Strategic Air Attack.  Airpower Journal 10:76-96 Summer 1996.
Also available online at:

Mueller, Karl.  The Essence of Coercive Air Power: A Primer for Military Strategists.  Royal Air Force Air Power Review 4:44-56 Autumn 2001.
"This essay is designed to provide the warfighter with a basic and somewhat informal overview of coercion, emphasizing but not limited to the coercive use of air power.  This subject is central to almost all military strategy, yet it is not often addressed in a systematic way in either military education or military doctrine." - Introduction.
Also available online at:

Mueller, Karl.  Strategies of Coercion: Denial, Punishment, and the Future of Air Power.  Security Studies 7:182-228 Spring 1998.
Debates Robert A. Pape's Bombing to Win.
Also available online at:

Pape, Robert A.  The Limits of Precision-Guided Air Power.  Security Studies 7:93-114 Winter 1997-1998.
Also available online at:

Walker, Philip.  Beyond the Sea and into the SkyU.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 136:24-28 September 2010.
Also available online at:

Warden, John A., III.  Success in Modern War: A Response to Robert Pape's Bombing to Win.  Security Studies 7:172-190 Winter 1997-1998.
Also available online at:

Watts, Barry D.  Ignoring Reality: Problems of Theory and Evidence in Security Studies.  Security Studies 7:115-171 Winter 1997-1998.
Also available online at:


Land Strategy


Cary, James.  Tanks and Armor in Modern Warfare.  New York, F. Watts, 1966.  267 p. (The Watts Landpower Library)
Studies the history of armored warfare, blitzkrieg, World War II, and the nuclear age.
Book call no.: 356.5 C332t

Chilcoat, Richard A.  Strategic Art: The New Discipline for 21st Century Leaders.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 1995.  24 p.
"This article is an appeal to strategists to match the success in the development of operational art and joint doctrine with an equally comprehensive approach to strategic art as a distinct discipline that every strategic leader must master." - Summary.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 355.4 C535s

Fuller, J. F. C.  Armored Warfare: An Annotated Edition of Lectures on F. S. R. III (Operations Between Mechanized Forces).  Harrisburg, PA, Military Service Publishing, 1943.  89 p.
Book call no.: 356.5 F966a

Hart, W. E.  Landmarks of Modern Strategy.  London, Methuen, 1942.  118 p.
Discusses the strategy used by the Germans in WWII - focusing on the blitzkrieg.
Book call no.: 355.43 H25L

Johnstone, H. M.  The Foundations of Strategy.  New York, Macmillan, 1914.  208 p.  ("Special Campaign" Series)
Captain Johnstone was in the Royal Army. 
"Along with other human activities, war is an art founded upon principles.  These principles, again, may often be referred to, or be subsidiary to, one great master principle, and the student of the science has made the first step in the right direction when he has come to understand the master principle.  Armed with this knowledge, to whose standard he must refer all other principles of the science and all actions in pursuance of the art, whether these be historical of the past or proposals for the present or future, he can go on safely in his criticism of what has been done, and in his proposals for what should be done." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 355.43 J73f

Kelly, Justin and Brennan, Mike.  Alien: How Operational Art Devoured Strategy.  Carlisle, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2009.  120 p.
"The authors argue that as warfare continues to diffuse across definitional and conceptual boundaries, the close orchestration of all instruments of national power becomes even more important, which cripples the current conception of campaigns and operations.  The authors propose that responsibility for campaign design should 'actually' return to the political-strategic leadership of nations supported by the entirety of the state bureaucracy." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Book call no.: 355.033573 K29a

Maurice, Frederick Barton.  Principles of Strategy: A Study of the Application of the Principles of War.  New York, R. R. Smith, 1930.  243 p.
This book is based on a series of lectures delivered during the preceding two years at the University of London and at the Staff College.
Book call no.: 355.43 M44p

Moltke, Helmuth.  Moltke on the Art of War: Selected Writings.  Novato, CA, Presidio Press, 1993.  275 p.
"Field Marshal Helmuth Graf von Moltke is best known for his direction of the German/Prussian campaigns against Austria in 1866 and France in 1870-71, yet it was during his service as chief of the General Staff that he laid the foundation for the German way of war which would continue through 1945." - Book Jacket.
Book call no.: 355 M729m

Reid, Brian Holden.  J. F. C. Fuller: Military Thinker.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1987.  283 p.
John Frederick Charles Fuller was a British Army Major-General and a theorist on armored warfare.
Book call no.: 355.00924 R353j


Bourque, Stephen A.  Competitive Strategies in Past Conflicts.  Military Review 68:75-82 March 1988.
"Bringing strength to bear against an opponent's weakness is a long-known strategy in sports.  The same concept has been used successfully in war and it's gaining contemporary acceptance under the title 'competitive strategies'.  This article looks at two historical examples of the strategy being applied." - Article. 
Bourque looks at historical examples of this strategy being applied.

Dunlap, Charles J., Jr.  21st Century Land Warfare: Four Dangerous Myths.  Parameters 27:27-37 Autumn 1997.
Also available online at:

Hoschouer, Jack D.  Von Moltke and the General Staff.  Military Review 67:62-73 March 1987.

Kagan, Frederick W.  Strategy and Force Structure in an Interwar Period.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 28:94-101 Spring-Summer 2001.
Also available online at:

Lessard, Pierre.  Campaign Design for Winning the War...and the Peace.  Parameters 35:36-50 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:

Schneider, James J.  V. K. Triandafillov, Military Theorist.  Journal of Soviet Military Studies 1:287-306 September 1988.

Serena, Chad.  Combating a Combat Legacy.  Parameters 40:47-59 Spring 2010.
Adjusting strategy and doctrine to reflect the importance of adaptation in achieving full-spectrum capabilities is an appropriate starting point for blunting the effects of the combat legacy on the current force." - Conclusion.
Also available online at:

Sullivan, Gordon R.  Projecting Strategic Land Combat Power.  Joint Force Quarterly No. 1:8-12 Summer 1993.
Also available online at:

Wass de Czege, Huba.  Systemic Operational Design: Learning and Adapting in Complex Missions.  Military Review 89:2-12 January-February 2009.
Also available online at:

Sea Strategy


Bacon, Reginald Hugh Spencer and McMurtrie, Francis E.  Modern Naval Strategy.  Brooklyn, NY, Chemical Publishing, 1941.  208 p.
Book call no.: 359.43 B13m

Brodie, Bernard.  A Guide to Naval Strategy.  5th ed. New York, Praeger, 1965.  274 p. (Praeger Paperbacks)
First published in 1942 under the title: A Layman's Guide to Naval Strategy. 
"Sea power has never meant merely warships.  It has always meant the sum total of those weapons, installations, and geographical circumstances which enable a nation to control transportation over the seas during wartime." - Chapter 1.
Book call no.: 359.43 B864g 1965

Corbett, Julian S.  Some Principles of Maritime Strategy.  New York, Longman's, Green, 1911.  317 p.
Examines naval strategy through the study of naval warfare.
Book call no.: 359.43 C789s

Gray, Colin S.  Maritime Strategy, Geopolitics, and the Defense of the West.  New York, Ramapo Press for the National Strategy Information Center, 1986.  85 p.
Chapters include: Geopolitics and Seapower; Geopolitics; Choice of Strategy; and Conclusions: The Utility and Limitations of Sea Power.
Book call no.: 359.030973 G778m

Mahan, Alfred Thayer.  The Influence of Sea Power upon History 1660-1783.  Boston, Little, Brown, 1890.  557 p.
"The definite object proposed in this work is an examination of the general history of Europe and America with particular reference to the effect of sea power upon the course of that history." - Preface.
Book call no.: 359.09 M27i 1890

Mahan, Alfred Thayer.  Mahan on Naval Strategy: Selected from the Writings of Rear Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 1991.  395 p.  (Classics of Sea Power)
Book call no.: 359.03 M214m

Martin, Lawrence W.  The Sea in Modern Strategy.  New York, Praeger, 1967.  190 p. (Studies in International Security, no. 11)
Attempts to fill the neglected area of sea power in modern strategy.
Book call no.: 359.4 M381s

Roskil, Stephen Wentworth.  The Strategy of Sea Power: Its Development and Application.  London, Collins, 1962.  287 p.
Based on the Lees-Knowles lectures delivered in the University of Cambridge, 1961.
Book call no.: 359.0942 R821s

Seapower and Strategy, edited by Colin S. Gray and Roger W. Barnett.  Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 1989.  396 p.
Part 1 includes a comparison of land and seapower, an examination of maritime command, and looks at strategy through the context of tactics and technology.  Part 2 is a historical perspective on strategy.  Part 3 examines contemporary aspects of maritime strategy.
Book call no.: 359.03 S438

War, Strategy, and Maritime Power, edited by B. Mitchell Simpson III.  New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 1977.  356 p.
"The nineteen essays in this collection were selected from lectures delivered or essays published between 1952 and 1974, most of which have appeared in the Naval War College Review." - Introduction.
See section 2 entitled: Strategy: The Comprehensive Direction of Power.
Book call no.: 355 W2532


The Navy at a Tipping Point: Maritime Dominance at Stake
, by Daniel Whiteneck and others.  Alexandria, VA, CNA, Analysis & Solutions, March 2010.  46 p.
This paper was a quick response to an OPNAV Quadrennial Integration Group (QIG) question as to how the Navy could be postured, deployed and structured to maintain dominance and influence (the ability to deter and reassure on a global scale) as a 'global navy'"-Abstract.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.: M-U 31914-279


Apt, Benjamin L.  Mahan's Forebears: The Debate over Maritime Strategy, 1868-1883.  Naval War College Review 50:86-111 Summer 1997.
Also available online at:

Boorman, Scott A.  Fundamentals of Strategy: The Legacy of Henry Eccles.  Naval War College Review 62:91-115 Spring 2009.
"This article also aims to bring to current attention some important early post–World War II Naval War College writing on strategy." - Article.
Also available online at:

Chipman, Donald D.  Rethinking Forward Strategy in the Distant Blockade.  Armed Forces Journal International 125:82-83+ August 1987.
"Are there other alternatives to Forward Strategy?  If protecting the Atlantic shipping lanes is NATO's primary naval objective, what other maritime options are available for ensuring success in this mission?  Indeed is the new Forward Strategy so dependent upon seeking out the enemy that flexibility has become a low priority?" - Article.

Ennis, John.  Inside the New Maritime Strategy.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 135:68-71 December 2009.
A co-author of the Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower discusses the "more interesting and contentious internal issues that preceded its release." - Article.
Also available online at:

Gough, Barry M.  Maritime Strategy: The Legacies of Mahan and Corbett as Philosophers of Sea Power.  RUSI  Journal 133:55-62 Winter 1988.
"Urges the study of Mahan and Corbett because they examined the fundamental question: " can a nation's objectives be sustained in war, as in peace?" - Article.

Hattendorf, John B.  Anglo-American Way in Maritime Strategy.  Naval War College Review 43:90-99 Winter 1990.

Holmes, James R. and Yoshihara, Toshi.  Mahan's Lingering Ghost.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 135:40-45 December 2009.
Alfred Thayer Mahan remains relevant today in his logical and operational grammar.
Also available online at:

Montenegro, Guillermo J.  Alternative Naval Strategies.  Naval War College Review 45:51-68 Spring 1992.
"The purpose of this article is to suggest a general framework for selecting both suitable strategies and the component operations necessary to execute them." - Article.

Owens, Mackubin T.  Toward a Maritime Grand Strategy: Paradigm for a New Security Environment.  Strategic Review 21:7-19 Spring 1993.
Advocates the United States follow the model of a maritime grand strategy which "will have important implications for U.S. diplomacy, economic policy and military strategy and force structure." - Article.

Patton, James M.  Dawn of the Maritime Strategy.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 135:56-60 May 2009.
"A key player in the formulation of the Maritime Strategy provides a behind-the-scenes account of its 1970s genesis." - Article.
Also available online at:

Rubel, Robert C.  The Navy's Changing Force Paradigm.  Naval War College Review 62:13-24 Spring 2009.
Discusses implications for the U.S. Navy of a paradigm shift inherent in the 'Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower' document.
Also available online at:

Strachan, Hew.  Maritime Strategy: Historical Perspectives.  RUSI Journal 152:29-33 February 2007.
Also available online at:

Irregular Warfare Strategy


Guerrilla Strategies: An Historical Anthology from the Long March to Afghanistan, edited by Gerard Chaliand.  Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 1982.  353 p.
A collection of essays that "strives to reflect the most striking struggles of the past fifty years." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 355.02184 G935

Guevara, Ernesto.  Guerrilla Warfare.  New York, Monthly Review Press, 1961.  127 p.
The strategy of guerrilla warfare by Che Guevara.
Book call no.: 323.2 G939g

Howard, Nigel.  Confrontation Analysis: How to Win Operations Other Than War.  Vienna, VA, Evidence Based Research, 1999.  1 vol.
"Presents a simple idea: A Peace Operations campaign (or Operation Other Than War) should be seen as a linked sequence of confrontations in contrast to a traditional, warfighting campaign, which is a linked sequence of battles.  The objective in each confrontation is to bring about certain 'compliant' behavior on the part of other parties, until in the end the campaign objective is reached.  This is a state of sufficient compliance to enable the military to leave the theater.  If this simple idea is accepted, one can show how the new technique of Confrontation Analysis (derived from Game Theory) can be applied to win an Operation Other Than War." - Abstract.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: 355.4 H851c

Kiras, James.  Special Operations and Strategy: From World War II to the War on Terrorism.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  230 p. (Cass Series - Strategy and History, no.17)
"Presents analysis of the strategic effects of special operations forces when used in combination with conventional forces.  His theoretical discussion focuses on the conceptual inadequacies of current thinking on strategic paralysis and attrition and explores how such Clausewitzian elements of war as friction, and uncertainty can deny special operations success in achieving their goals.  The theoretical discussion is tested against two World War II case studies: 'Operation Chastise', British bombing raids against German dams and British Special Air Service failures during the Normandy Campaign." - Annotation.
Book call no.: 356.1609045 K58s

Mao, Zedong.  On Guerrilla Warfare, translated by Samuel B. Griffith.  New York, Praeger, 1961.  114 p. (Praeger Publications in Russian History and World Communism, no. 99)
Book call no.: 355.425 M296o

Mao, Zedong.  On the Protracted War.  Peking, China, Foreign Languages Press, 1960.  131 p.
Speeches given by Mao Zedong at the Yenan Association for the Study of the War of Resistance Against Japan from May 26, 1938 to June 3, 1938.
Book call no.: 951.042 M296o

Trinquier, Roger.  Modern Warfare; a French View of Counterinsurgency.  Fort Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, 1985.  115 p.
Translation of: La Guerre Moderne.
Book call no.: 355.0218 T833m

Vo, Nguyen Giap.  People's War: People's Army: The Viet Cong Insurrection Manual for Underdeveloped Countries.  New York, Praeger, 1962.  217 p.
Book call no.: 959.7 V872p

Documents  (Student Research)

Carr, Anthony B.  America's Conditional Advantage: Airpower, Counterinsurgency, and the Theory of John Warden.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, June 2009.  139 p.
"A theoretical and historical exploration of the role and relevance of airpower in counterinsurgency." - Abstract.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1 C311a

Glenn, Kevin B.  "Complex" Targeting: A Complexity-Based Theory of Targeting and Its Application to Radical Islamic Terrorism.  Maxwell AFB, AL, School of Advanced Airpower Studies, June 2002.  103 p.
Asks "What are the concepts and principles of a targeting theory based on Complexity theory?"  "What are the principles and concepts of Complexity theory?"  "What insights does Complexity theory provide for the military strategist?"  "What are the targeting implications for the war on terrorism using a Complexity-based targeting theory?" - Abstract.
Also available online at:
Doc. call no.: M-U 43998-1 G558c


Almog, Doron.  Cumulative Deterrence on the War on Terrorism.  Parameters 34:4-19 Winter 2004-2005.
Also available online at:

Brooke, Steven.  Jihadist Strategic Debates Before 9/11.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 31:201-226 March 2008.
Limited access to full text.
Also available online at:

Celeski, Joseph D.  Strategic Aspects of Counterinsurgency.  Military Review 86:35-41 March-April 2006.
Also available online at:

Daly, Terence J.  Classic Counterinsurgency: The Key to Victory Against Today's Insurgents.  Marine Corps Gazette 90:53-57 December 2006.
Also available online at:

Feng, Huiyun.  The Operational Code of Mao Zedong: Defensive or Offensive Realist?  Security Studies 14:637-662 October-December 2005.
Also available online at:

Gentile, Gian P.  A Strategy of Tactics: Population-Centric COIN and the ArmyParameters 39:5-17 Autumn 2009.
"The new way of American war, tactics have buried strategy, and it precludes any options other than an endless and likely futile struggle to achieve the loyalty of populations that, in the end, may be peripheral to American interests." - Article.
Also available online at:

Goode, Steven M.  A Historical Bias for Force Requirements in Counterinsurgency.  Parameters 39:45-57 Winter 2009-2010.
Examines the military and security forces needed to reverse increasing insurgent violence.  Having enough forces to reach such a turning point does not, however, equate to victory, or even the attainment of low levels of violence.  Once insurgent momentum is reversed, the security forces have to remain for years until the violence eventually drops to low levels." - Article.
Also available online at:

Green, Dan.  Counterinsurgency Diplomacy: Political Advisers at the Operational and Tactical Levels.  Military Review 87:24-30 May-June 2007.
Also available online at:

Gregg, Heather S.  Beyond Population Engagement: Understanding Counterinsurgency.  Parameters 39:18-31 Autumn 2009.
Outlines three analytical stages to achieve victory in COIN: population engagement, stability operations, and the creation of a functioning state.  It contends that actions taken in the early stages of COIN should always keep in perspective the long-term goal of creating a viable state." - Article.
Also available online at:

Katzenbach, Edward L., Jr., and Hanrahan, Gene Z.  Revolutionary Strategy of Mao Tse-Tung.  Political Science Quarterly 70:321-340 September 1955.
Also available online at:

Kydd, Andrew H. and Walter, Barbara F.  The Strategies of Terrorism.  International Security 31:49-80 Summer 2006.
Seeks "to answer four questions.  First what type of goals do terrorists seek to achieve?  Second, what strategies do they pursue to achieve these goals?  Third, why do these strategies work in some cases but not in others?  And fourth, given these strategies, what are the targeted governments' best responses to prevent terrorism and protect their countries from future attacks?" - Article.

Wilkie, Robert.  Hybrid Warfare: Something Old, Not Something New.  Air & Space Power Journal 23:13-17 Winter 2009.
According to the National Defense Strategy, improving the U.S. Armed Forces' proficiency in irregular warfare is the Defense Department's top priority." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Nuclear Strategy


Avoiding a Nuclear Catastrophe.  Montgomery, AL, Maxwell AFB.  USAF Counterproliferation Center, 2010.  22 p.
Conference held at Air War College, Maxwell AFB, AL on August 18-19, 2010.
Book call no.: 327.1747 A961

Baylis, John and others.  Contemporary Strategy: Theories and Policies.  New York, Holmes & Meier Publishers, 1975.  324 p.
Discusses strategy and its evolution and military policies of various countries.  Examines the strategic concepts of deterrence, disarmament and arms control, limited war, revolutionary warfare, crisis management, and alliances.
Book call no.: 355.43 C761

Beaufre, Andre.  Deterrence and Strategy.  New York, F. A. Praeger, 1966.  173 p.
Translated from the French by R. H. Barry.
"In Part One, by a process of basic analysis of the phenomenon I shall try to uncover the loss of deterrence... In Part Two, we shall try to deduce the effects of the laws of deterrence on the general concept of contemporary strategy and military structure." - Preface.
Book call no.: 355.43 B374d

Borden, William Liscum.  There Will Be No Time: The Revolution in Strategy.  New York, Macmillan, 1946.  225 p.
Analyzes strategy for a new nuclear world.
Book call no.: 355.4 B728t

Brodie, Bernard.  Strategy in the Missile Age.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1965.  423 p.
A RAND Corporation study.
Book call no.: 355 B854s 1965

Buchan, Alastair.  War in Modern Society: An Introduction.  London, C. A. Watts, 1966.  207 p.
"Deals with the effects of nuclear weapons on international politics." - Preface.
Chapters include: Perspectives on Modern War; The Diversification of War; Policy, Strategy and Technology; Pressures and Restraints; The Dangers: Real and Apparent; and The Control of War.
Book call no.: 301.23 B918w

Buzan, Barry.  An Introduction to Strategic Studies: Military Technology and International Relations.  New York, St. Martin's Press, 1987.  325 p.
"The objective of the book is to explain the basic concepts of Strategic Studies and to link them together into a coherent framework" - Introduction. 
Sections include: Military Technology and Strategy; Strategic Rivalry and Military Technology: The Arms Dynamic; and Deterrence.
Book call no.: 355.0335 B992i

Freedman, Lawrence.  The Evolution of Nuclear Strategy.  London, Macmillan Press, 1981.  473 p.
Sections include: Towards a Policy of Deterrence; Limited War; The Fear of Surprise Attack; The Strategy of Stable Conflict; From Counter-Force to Assured Destruction; The European Dimension; and Retreat from Assured Destruction.
Book call no.: 355.0217 F853e

Green, Philip.  Deadly Logic: The Theory of Nuclear Deterrence.  Columbus, OH, Ohio State University Press, 1966.  361 p.
Sections include: Systems Analysis and National Policy; Game Theory and National Policy; Game Theory and Deterrence Theory: The Experimental Approach; Deterrence Rationality and Decision-Making; and Deterrence Rationality and Ethical Choice.
Book call no.: 355.43 G797d

Halle, Louis J.  The Elements of International Strategy: A Primer for the Nuclear Age.  Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 1984.  121 p. (American Values Projected Abroad, vol. 10)
Book call no.: 303.48273 H183e

Halperin, Morton H.  Contemporary Military Strategy.  Rev. ed. London, Farber, 1972.  149 p.
Written under the auspices of the Center for International Affairs, Harvard University.  Examines warfare and strategy in the nuclear age.
Book call no.: 355.43 H195c 1972

Kaplan, Fred.  The Wizards of Armageddon.  New York, Simon and Schuster, 1983.  452 p.
Examines U.S. nuclear policy and strategy from the late 1940s until the beginning of the Reagan administration, extensively using declassified documents.
Book call no.: 355.0217 K17w

Kaplan, Morton A.  Strategic Thinking and Its Moral Implications.  Chicago, University of Chicago, 1973.  157 p.
Book call no.: 172.4 K17s

Kissinger, Henry K.  Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy.  New York, Published for the Council on Foreign Relations by Harper & Brothers, 1957.  455 p.
Part 1: The Problems of Survival; Part 2: Technology and Strategy; Part 3: Strategy and Policy.
Book call no.: 623.451 K61n

Knorr, Klus.  On the Uses of Military Power in the Nuclear Age.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1966.  185 p.
"This essay examines trends discernible in the nature of military conflict, and political attitudes toward war as a method for settling disputes, and hence trends affecting the place of military power in international relations and the utility of war and armed forces." - Preface.
Book call no.: 355 K72o

Lapp, Ralph Eugene.  Kill and Overkill; the Strategy of Annihilation.  New York, Basic Books, 1962.  197 p.
Examines the nuclear situation including: The stockpile of weapons; strategies in the nuclear world; and possibilities for accidents or miscalculations.
Book call no.: 355 L316k

The Logic of Nuclear Terror, edited by Roman Kolkowicz.  Boston, Allen & Unwin, 1987.  289 p.
Published under the auspices of the University of California Project on Politics and War.  Endeavors to answer these questions: "1. What is the historical validity, theoretical vitality, and political relevance of nuclear deterrence theories and doctrines?  2. In what ways have recent technological and policy changes affected the original concepts of nuclear war and deterrence strategy?  3. Are there alternate ways to think about strategy in the contemporary nuclear context that might be more useful?" - Introduction.
Book call no.: 355.0217 L832

Lowe, George E.  The Age of Deterrence.  Boston, Little, Brown, 1964.  324 p.
"A history of the development of strategic theory from 1952 to 1963." - Introduction.
Book call no.: 355 L913a

Martin, Lawrence W.  Arms and Strategy; the World Power Structure Today.  New York, McKay, 1973.  320 p.
Part 1: The Nuclear Powers; Part 2: Technology of Limited War; Part 3: Arenas of Conflict; Part 4: Current Problems.
Book call no.: 355 M381

May, Andrew David.  The RAND Corporation and the Dynamics of American Strategic Thought, 1946-1962.  Atlanta, GA, Emory University, 1999.  435 p. (Thesis, Ph.D., Emory University)
Book call no.: 355.0217 M466r

Morgan, Patrick M.  Deterrence: A Conceptual Analysis.  Beverly Hills, CA, Sage Publications, 1977.  216 p.  (Sage Library of Social Research, vol.40)
Book call no.: 327.73 M8491d

Nuclear Deterrence: Ethics and Strategy, edited by Russell Hardin and others.  Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1985.  395 p.
Papers were first published in the journal Ethics: An International Journal of Social, Political and Legal Philosophy.
Book call no.: 355.0217 N96413

Nuclear Posture Review Report.  Washington, U.S. Dept. of Defense, 2010.  49 p.
"Outlines the Administration’s approach to promoting the President’s agenda for reducing nuclear dangers and pursuing the goal of a world without nuclear weapons, while simultaneously advancing broader U.S. security interests." - Executive Summary.
Also available online at: Nuclear Posture Review Report.pdf

Book call no.: 327.1747 N9648

Power, Strategy, and Security, edited by Klaus Knorr.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1983.  279 p.
Addresses "a number of interconnected analytical problems on the role of national power in interstate relations, strategic configurations between powerful states, strategic theory and doctrine concerning nuclear arms, the effect of national commitment on the outcome of war, the fundamental difficulty of estimating the intentions of opponents and the roots of strategic supplies and, finally, some institutional aspects of national decision-making in matters of foreign and military policy." - Preface.
Book call no.: 327.1 P887

Schelling, Thomas C.  Arms and Influence.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 1966.  293 p.
Chapter I: The Diplomacy of Violence; Chapter 2: The Art of Commitment; Chapter 3: The Manipulation of Risk; Chapter 4: The Idiom of Military Action; Chapter 5: The Diplomacy of Ultimate Survival; Chapter 6: The Dynamics of Mutual Alarm; Chapter 7: The Dialogue Competitive Armament.
Book call no.: 355 S322a

Schelling, Thomas C. and Halperin, Morton H.  Strategy and Arms Control.  New York, Twentieth Century Fund, 1961.  148 p.
Product of the Summer Study on Arms Control of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences written under the auspices of The Center for International Affairs at Harvard University. 
This book "presents an analysis of arms control with a particular emphasis on the military policy involved." - Forward.
Book call no.: 341.67 S322s

Schilling, Warner Roller and others.  Strategy, Politics, and Defense Budgets.  New York, Columbia University Press, 1962.  532 p.
One of a series of publications sponsored by the Institute of War and Peace Studies of Columbia University.
Book call no.: 355 S344s

Slessor, John.  Strategy for the West.  New York, William Morrow, 1954.  180 p.
The author was Air Chief Marshall of the Royal Air Force. 
"The object of our strategy for the West is to drive militant communism back behind its own frontiers and keep it there." - Chapter 1.
Book call no.: 909.82 S632s

Trachtenberg, Marc.  History and Strategy.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1991.  292 p. (Princeton Studies in International History and Politics)
Focuses mainly on the 20 years after World War II.
Book call no.: 355.40904 T759h

Writings on Strategy, 1945-1951, edited by Marc Trachtenberg.  New York, Garland Publishing, 1988.  272 p. (Development of American Strategic Thought)
Emphasis on strategy in the atomic era.  Authors include: Jacob Viner, Bernard Brodie, Carl Kaysen, and Joseph E. Loftus.
Book call no.: 355.033073 W956

Documents  (Student Research)

Smith, Michael A. and others.  The Preemptive Use of Force: Analysis and Decisionmaking.  Carlisle Barracks, PA; Cambridge, MA, Army War College; National Security Program, John F. Kennedy School of Government, 1997.  117 p.
"The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, high yield conventional explosives and information warfare technology increasingly threatens American lives, national security and economic infrastructure.  The scale of destructive potential which these threats engender requires decisionmakers to search for other policy options beyond diplomacy and after-the-fact reprisals.  U.S. leaders must consider military preemption as a viable, sometimes necessary, method of intervention to prevent unacceptable loss of life or damage to essential institutions." - Abstract.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 S655p


Adler, Emanuel.  Damned if You Do, Damned if You Don't: Performative Power and the Strategy of Conventional and Nuclear DefusingSecurity Studies 19:199-229 April-June 2010.
Also available online at:

The Case for First Use: An Exchange.  Survival 51:17-46 October-November 2009.
Experts from Europe, Asia and North America debate the case for a US declaratory of no nuclear first use.
Also available online at:

Cirincione, Joseph.  Taking the Field: Obama's Nuclear Reports.  Survival 52:117-128 April-May 2010.
Limited access to full text.
Also available online at:

Curtis, Willie.  The Assured Vulnerability Paradigm: Can It Provide a Useful Basis for Deterrence in a World of Strategic Multi-Polarity?  Defense Analysis 16:239-256 December 2000.
"Presents a model for evaluating the strategic deterrence of national policy and strategic force structuring.  Assessment of nuclear capabilities; Provision of useful basis for deterrence and strategic force structuring in the world of strategic multi-polarity; Use of a retrospective historical approach for the evaluation." - Abstract.
Also available online at:

Deshingkar, G. D.  Deterrence: With Weapons or Without.  Alternatives 4:135-144 July 1978.
Argues for alternatives to using nuclear weapons for deterrence.  Suggests education to bring about disarmament.

Gerson, Michael S.  Conventional Deterrence in the Second Nuclear Age.  Parameters 39:32-48 Autumn 2009.
"As the United States expands the role of conventional capabilities in deterrence, a credible nuclear deterrent is still required, if America is to convince potential adversaries that nuclear weapons are not an effective tool by which to gain leverage." - Article.
Also available online at:

Gerson, Michael S.  No First Use: The Next Step for U.S. Nuclear Policy.  International Security 35:7-47 Fall 2010.
Opines that "
the first-use option risks creating instabilities in a severe crisis that increase the chances of accidental, unauthorized, or deliberate nuclear use.  In a future crisis with a nuclear-armed state, the fear--whether real or imagined--that the United States might attempt a disarming nuclear first-strike increases the possibility of nuclear escalation." - Summary.

Payne, Keith B.  On Nuclear Deterrence and Assurance.  Strategic Studies Quarterly 3:43-80 Spring 2009.
Argues for using nuclear forces as a deterrent in future conflicts.
Also available online at:

Sagan, Scott D.  The Case for No First Use.  Survival 51:163-182 June-July 2009.
The role of nuclear weapons in national security strategy.
Also available online at:

Trachtenberg, Marc.  Preventive War and U.S. Foreign Policy.  Security Studies 16:1-31 January-March 2007.
Also available online at:

Williams, David.  US Nuclear Policy, 1945-68: Lessons from the Past for Dealing with the Emerging Threat from Iran.  Air & Space Power Journal 24:31-38 Winter 2010.
"As long as rising powers pursue nuclear technology that can facilitate weapons production, the United Sates should maintain a healthy, robust, and credible nuclear deterrent, complete with first-and second-strike capabilities." - Conclusion.
Also available online at:

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