Air University Library Publications

TERRORIST AND INSURGENT ORGANIZATIONS

July 2000

HEZBOLLAH (PARTY OF GOD) -- Lebanon

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All sites last viewed March 11, 2003.


Internet Resources

Hizballah (Party of God).
Available at: http://www.ict.org.il/
Site maintained by the International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism. Under the 'International Terrorism' section choose 'Terrorist Organization Profiles' then 'Hizballah'. Offers sections titled: History, Ideology and Strategy, Terrorist Activity, Articles, Documents, Links, Updates, and Attacks.

Hizbollah.
Available at: http://www.hizbollah.org/english/frames/index_eg.htm
Hezbollah organization web site.

Hizbullah - The Party of God.
Available at: http://almashriq.hiof.no/lebanon/300/320/324/324.2/hizballah/
Offers sections on the group's Statement of Purpose, Views and Concepts, Electoral Platform, etc.

Islamic Resistance Support Association (Lebanon).
Available at: http://www.moqawama.org/page2/main.htm
Provides information on the conflict in South Lebanon including an archive of Daily Rsports, Articles, Background, Military Operations, Hostages, etc.

Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Available at: http://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/home.asp
Offers various news items and reports concerning Israeli foreign affairs with Lebanon, Palestine, etc. Includes an internal search engine.

Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah.
Available at: http://www.nasrallah.net/
Homepage of the General Secretary of Hizbullah. Available in English.

** For additional internet sites, refer to the General Internet Resources section at the beginning of this bibliography.

Books

Bodansky, Yossef. Bin Laden: The Man Who Declared War on America. Rocklin, CA, Forum, 1999. 439 p.
See index under 'HizbAllah' for specific references.
Book call no.: 92 B612b

Brogan, Patrick. World Conflicts: A Comprehensive Guide to World Strife since 1945. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 1998. 682 p.
See index under 'Hizbollah' for specific references.
Book call no.: 909.82 B866w 1998

Cordesman, Anthony H. Transnational Threats from the Middle East: Crying Wolf or Crying Havoc?. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College. Strategic Studies Institute, 1999. 231 p.
Especially note 'Major Middle Eastern Terrorist Groups', pp 83-94.
Book call no.: 327.5604 C794t

Defense & Foreign Affairs Handbook 1999. Alexandria, VA, International Strategic Studies Association, 1999. 1760 p.
Israel, pp 724-743.
Lebanon, pp 860-871 (especially note section one 'History' and section six 'Defense: HizbAllah Battle Order').
Book call no.: R 355 D313 1999

Drake, C. J. M. Terrorists' Target Selection. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1998. 272 p.
See index under 'Hizbollah' for specific references.
Book call no.: 303.625 D761t

Encyclopedia of World Terrorism, edited by Martha Crenshaw and John Pimlott. Armonk, NY, M. E. Sharpe, Inc., 1997. 3 vols.
Party of God - Hijacking and Hostages, pp 330-331.
Terror in Lebanon 1987-1996, pp 358-363.
Hizb'allah, pp 396-399.
Book call no.: R 303.625 E56 Vol.2

Facts on File, 1998. New York, Facts on File, 1998. 1 vol.
Israeli Warplanes Hit Southern Lebanon, June 25, 1998, p 418.
Lebanon: First Local Elections in 35 Years Held (Hizballah suffers defeat), June 25, 1998, p 443.
Book call no.: R 909.82 F11 1998

Foreign Military Markets: Middle East & Africa. Newtown, CT, Forecast International/DMS, 2000. 1 vol.
Lebanon - report dated March 2000. Especially note the 'Analysis' section.
Book call no.: R 338.476234 F7142

Harris, William W. Faces of Lebanon: Sects, Wars, and Global Extensions. Princeton, NJ, Markus Wiener Publishers, 1997. 354 p.
Lebanon after the Cold War: Ta'if Lebanon 1990-96, pp 279-322.
Book call no.: 956.92044 H317f

Hoveyda, Fereydoun. The Broken Crescent: The "Threat" of Militant Islamic Fundamentalism. Westport, CT, Praeger, 1998. 237 p.
The Party of God, pp 93-100. See index under 'Hezbollah' for additional references.
Book call no.: 320.55 H846b

International Encyclopedia of Terrorism. Chicago, IL, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997. 805 p.
Terror in Lebanon 1987-1996.
Hizb'allah, pp 411-414.
Book call no.: R 303.625 I612

Jaber, Hala. Hezbollah: Born with a Vengeance. New York, Columbia University Press, 1997. 240 p.
Hezbollah has allowed an outsider to speak with its fighters, leaders, and strategists, and to question them about its motives and actions.
Book call no.: 956.92 J11h

Jane's Sentinel: Eastern Mediterranean. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2000. 627 p.
Lebanon, pp 381-447. Especially note the sections on 'Internal Affairs - 6.14.7 Hizbullah' and 'Security and Foreign Forces'.
Book call no.: R 956 J33 2000 Feb-Jul

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 1999. 520 p.
Hizbullah, pp 270-272.
Group Leaders: Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah, p 305.
Amal, Hizbullah, and SLA: Diary of Events, pp 507-508.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 1999 May-August

Karawan, Ibrahim A. The Islamist Impasse. London, Oxford University Press for International Institute for Strategic Studies, November 1997. 80 p.
Book call no.: 909.82 I61a no.314

Kushner, Harvey W. Terrorism in America: A Structured Approach to Understanding the Terrorist Threat. Springfield, IL, Charles C. Thomas, 1998. 218 p.
See index under 'Hezbollah' for specific references.
Book call no.: 364.1 K97t

Laffin, John. The World in Conflict: War Annual 8. London, Brassey's, 1997. 198 p.
Israel and Lebanon, pp 139-146.
Book call no.: R 355.00904 W2532 v.8 1997

Laqueur, Walter. The New Terrorism: Fanaticism and the Arms of Mass Destruction. New York, Oxford University Press, 1999. 312 p.
Israel and the Palestinians, pp 134-138 and 140-141.
Book call no.: 363.32 L317n

Lesser, Ian O. and others. Countering the New Terrorism. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 1999. 153 p.
Middle Eastern Terrorism, pp 56-67.
Book call no.: 303.625 C855

Mawsilili, Ahmad. Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalist Movements in the Arab World, Iran, and Turkey. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 1999. 401 p.
Hizbullah in Lebanon, pp 96-101.
Book call no.: 297.09 M462h

The Middle East and North Africa 1998. 44th ed. London, Europa Publications Limited, 1997. 1136 p.
Terrorism in the Middle East and North Africa, by George Joffe, pp 10-17.
Book call no.: 915.6 M627 44th ed. 1998

The Middle East and North Africa 2000. 46th ed. London, Europa Publications Limited, 1999. 1228 p.
Arab-Israeli Relations 1967-99, pp 19-87.
Israel: History, pp 607-637.
Lebanon: History, pp 766-791.
Syria: History - Syrian Dominance in Lebanon, pp 1029-1030.
Book call no.: R 915.6 M627 46th ed. 2000

Moussalli, Ahmad S. Moderate and Radical Islamic Fundamentalism. Gainesville, University Press of Florida, 1999. 249 p.
See index under 'Hizbullah' for specific references.
Book call no.: 297.272 M462m

O'Ballance, Edgar. Islamic Fundamentalist Terrorism, 1979-1995: The Iranian Connection. New York, New York University Press, 1997. 228 p.
Hezbollah Looks West, pp 1-16.
Hezbollah in Lebanon, pp 58-74.
See index under "Hezbollah" for additional references.
Book call no.: 955.054 O12i

Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, edited by Walter Reich. Washington, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 1998. 289 p.
The Moral Logic of Hizbollah, by Martin Kramer, pp 131-157.
Book call no.: 303.625 O69 1998

Patterns of Global Terrorism: 1999. Washington, U.S. Dept of State, April 2000. 107 p.
Hizballah (Party of God), p 75.
Also available online at: http://www.state.gov/www/global/terrorism/1999report/1999index.html
Book call no.: R 303.625 P316 1999

Shlaim, Avi. The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World. New York, W. W. Norton, 2000. 670 p.
See index under 'Hizbullah' for specific references.
Book call no.: 956.04 S558i

Spokesmen for the Despised: Fundamentalist Leaders of the Middle East, edited by R. Scott Appleby. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1997. 429 p.
The Oracle of Hizbullah: Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah, pp 83-181.
Book call no.: 291.610956 S762

White, Jonathan R. Terrorism: An Introduction. 2nd ed. Belmont, CA, Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1998. 321 p.
The Iranian Revolution and Hizbollah's Metamorphosis, pp 141-143.
Book call no.: 363.32 W585t 1998

Documents

Army War College (U.S.). Strategic Studies Institute. Hamas and Hizbollah: The Radical Challenge to Israel in the Occupied Territories, by Stephen C. Pelletiere. Carlisle Barracks, PA, November 1994. 63 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-559

Facey, Ian M. Entangled in Southern Lebanon: Israel, Iran, Syria and Hizbollah. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 1999. 1 vol.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 F137e

Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Terrorism: Middle Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 1999, by Kenneth Katzman. Washington, GPO, August 1999. 37 p.
Hizballah (Party of God), pp 4-7.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42953-1 no.99-RL30277

Young, Bryon J. Terrorism: Analyzing the Threat. Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 1998. 23 p.
Hizbollah, pp 14-15.
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-537 Y68t

Periodicals

Amayreh, Khalid. Hizbullah vs Arafat. Middle East International No.626:9 June 2, 2000.

Baktiari, Bahman and Norton, Augustus Richard. Lebanon End-Game. Middle East Insight 15:23-28 March-April 2000.
Discusses Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon. Also reviews impact on Syria, Iran, and Hezbollah.

Bartholet, Jefferey. Retreat, Regret, Relief. Newsweek 135:36 June 5, 2000.
Discusses the retreat of Israel from Lebanon and Hezbollah's reaction.

Blanche, Ed. A Bizarre Yet Bloody Conflict Drags on in South Lebanon. Jane's Intelligence Review.
Part One. 9:411-415 September 1997.
Part Two. 9:457-462 October 1997.

Blanche, Ed. Israel's "Human Sandbags" Set to Collapse in South Lebanon. Jane's Intelligence Review 11:24-26 August 1999.
"The South Lebanon Army (SLA), Israel's surrogate militia in Lebanon, is on the verge of collapse".

Blanford, Nicholas. Hizbollah Opens Its Doors to All. Middle East No.273:17-18 December 1997.
Discusses a series of political manuevers by Hizbollah which are likely to improve its public profile and respectability image.

Blanford, Nicholas. Hizbullah Attacks Force Israel to Take a Hard Look at Lebanon. Jane's Intelligence Review 11:32-37 April 1999.

Blanford, Nicholas. Hizbullah: Lebanon's Heir Apparent? Jane's Intelligence Review 11:28-33 November 1999.
Reports on the prospects of Hizbullah changing its role and actions if the IDF withdraws from south Lebanon.

Casey, John. 'Do You Admire Thomas Carlyle?' Spectator 278:17-19 May 3, 1997.
Discusses an interview with a leading Hezbollah intellectual and the 'new' Hezbollah which is politically active having elected 12 members in parliamentary elections.

Duffy, Brian. Talk Firmly and Send the Ships: A Grisly Videotape of Colonel Higgins and Threats to Other Hostages Plunge the President into a Whirl of Diplomacy and Consideration of Military Strikes. U.S. News & World Report 107:22-26 August 14, 1989.

Eshel, David. Armored Anti-Guerrilla Combat in South Lebanon. Armor 106:26-29 July-August 1997.
Discusses Hezbollah guerrilla tactics, terrain, and Israeli counter-guerrilla actions.

Eshel, David. Counterguerrilla Warfare in South Lebanon. Marine Corps Gazette 81:40-43 July 1997.
Offers information on Hizballah tactics and strategy.

Eshel, David. (Israel's) Vietnam Syndrome. Jane's Defence Weekly 31:20-25 January 6, 1999.

Eshel, David. Tensions Flare as IDF Pull-Out (from South Lebanon) Approaches. Jane's Intelligence Review 12:4 March 2000.

Five Militiamen Killed in Hezbollah Ambush. Jane's Defence Weekly 33:6 March 8, 2000.

Foreign Broadcast Information Service Reports.
For up-to-date information on Hizballah, check the FBIS online database. Numerous articles are available for 1999 and 2000. (FBIS is a subscription service available in-house at the Air University Library).

Gambill, Gary C. The Balance of Terror: War by Other Means in the Contemporary Middle East. Journal of Palestine Studies 28:51-66 Autumn 1998.
Especially note pages 60-64 for an analysis of the conflict between Israel and Hizballah.

Hamzeh, A. Nizar. Lebanon's Hizbullah: From Islamic Revolution to Parliamentary Accomodation. Third World Quarterly 14, no.2:321-338 1993.

Harik, Judith Palmer. Between Islam and the System: Sources and Implications of Popular Support for Lebanon's Hizballah. Journal of Conflict Resolution 40:41-67 March 1996.

Harik, Judith Palmer. Syrian Foreign Policy and State/Resistance Dynamics in Lebanon. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 20, no.3:249-265 July-September 1997.
Refers throughout to Hizballah and its relationship with Syria and Lebanon.

Helping Hizbullah. Economist 354:19-20 March 4, 2000.
Comments on Hezbollah's role in military relations between Israel and Lebanon, Syria's role in Lebanese politics, etc.

Hizballah. Counterterrorism & Security Reports 6, no.2:8 July-August 1997.
Offers a group profile.

Israel. For Your Eyes Only No.480:1+ January 2000.
Senior Militia Leader Killed (and Hezbollah operations), p 1.
Hezbollah Kidnaps Witnesses, p 7.
Syrian Peace Talks Stalled, p 26.

Israel. For Your Eyes Only No.481:2+ February 2000.
More Weapons for Hezbollah, p 2.
Hezbollah Fires into Israel, p 3.
1996 Agreement (with Hezbollah) Holds, p 23.
Hezbollah Holds Fire, p 24.
Bombs over Lebanon, p 25.
War with Hezbollah Escalates, p 26.

Israel and Lebanon: Back to Bombs and Rockets. Economist 354:42 February 12, 2000.

Israel/ Lebanon. Pinkerton Global Intelligence Services 2000.
Hezbollah Guerrilla Attacks. 17:8 January 28, 2000.
Barak Links Peace Talks with Syrian Reigning in Islamist Guerrillas. 17:7 February 4, 2000.
Islamist Guerrilla Leader Promises More Killing of Israelis. 17:8 February 18, 2000.
More Israeli Jet Raids Retaliate for Continuing Guerrilla Attacks. 17:7 March 17, 2000.
Air & Artillery Strikes on Islamist Guerrilla Positions. 17:8 April 28, 2000.

Jansen, Michael. Countdown to a Lebanon Pull-Out. Middle East International No.620:4-6 March 10, 2000.
Includes "Hizbullah Targets the SLA".

Jansen, Michael. Failure of "Grapes of Wrath". Middle East International No.524:6-7 April 26, 1996.
Discusses Israel's operation against Hezbollah in the south of Lebanon.

Jansen, Michael. Hizbullah on Top. Middle East International No.595:7-8 March 12, 1999.

Jansen, Michael. Hizbullah's Escalation. Middle East International No.600:10-11 May 21, 1999.

Jansen, Michael. Lebanon: 425 (UN Resolution) Twenty Years On. Middle East International No.571:10-11 March 27, 1998.
Especially note section 'Hizbullah States Its Terms', p 11.

Jansen, Michael. Lebanon's Finest Hour. Middle East International No.626:4-6 June 2, 2000.
Discusses the withdrawal of Israel from Lebanon official May 24. Includes information on Hezbollah.

Jones, Clive. Israeli Counter-Insurgency Strategy and the War in South Lebanon 1985-1997. Small Wars & Insurgencies 8:82-108 Winter 1997.

Katz, Rita and Kohlmann, Evan. Pandering to Terrorists. Journal of Counterterrorism & Security International 6, no.2:26-29 1999.
Discusses Hezbollah's activities and the United States policy toward Hezbollah.

Katz, Samuel M. Incident at Ansariya. Jane's Intelligence Review 10:24-28 January 1998.
Discusses the Israeli naval commando raid into south Lebanon September 1997. The unit walked into a Hezbollah ambush that left 12 of the 16 operatives dead.

Kay, Shahar. Suicide and Martyrdom in Islam: Reality Versus Religious Orgins -- How Hizballah and Hamas Confront Martyrdom Acts in the Present Time. Journal of Counterterrorism & Security International 6, no.2:50-53+ 1999.

Leenders, Reinoud. Lebanon: Amal & Hizbullah Clash. Middle East International No.575:7-8 May 22, 1998.

Leenders, Reinoud. Lebanon: Hizbullah's Baalbek Reversal. Middle East International No.577:8-9 June 19, 1998.
Discusses the results of the recent elections.

Nelan, Bruce W. Dark with Blood. Time 147:52-57 April 29, 1996.
Israel's bombing of Lebanon

 

Norton, Augustus Richard. Hizballah: From Radicalism to Pragmatism? Middle East Policy 5:147-158 January 1998.

O'Shea, Brendan. "Israel's Vietnam?" Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 21:307-319 July-September 1998.
Discusses the situation in south Lebanon.

"Peace Requires Departure of Palestinians". Middle East Insight 15:29-34 March-April 2000.
Interview with Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah, head of Lebanon's Hezbollah since 1992.

Peterson, Scott. Hizbullah a Key Player in Syrian-Israeli Talks. Christian Science Monitor, p 6, January 21, 2000.

Prusher, Ilene R. Through Charity, Hizbullah Charms Lebanon. Christian Science Monitor, p 1, April 19, 2000.
Describes the network of social services set up by Hizbullah.

Pryce-Jones, David. Israel's Vietnam? National Review 52:32-36 May 22, 2000.
Focuses on Israel's withdrawal plans with an overview of the Arab-Israel conflict, the military strengths of Hezbollah, sponsorship by Syria, etc.

Rajeswarii, P. R. U.S. Policy on Terrorism -- Part II. Cases of Hizbollah and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. Strategic Analysis 22:1215-1224 November 1998.

Ranstorp, Magnus. Hezbollah's Future? Jane's Intelligence Review.
Part One. 7:34-36 January 1995.
Part Two. 7:81-83 February 1995.

Rodan, Steve. Iran Boosts Arms Supply to Hezbollah. Jane's Defence Weekly 33:32 February 16, 2000.

Sachs, Susan. Helping Hand of Hezbollah Emerging in South Lebanon. New York Times, p A1, May 31, 2000.
Focuses on Hezbollah's efforts to resume order in Lebanon including activities of its reconstruction arm and takeover of the administration of a regional hospital.

Usher, Graham. Hizballah, Syria, and the Lebanese Elections. Journal of Palestine Studies 26:59-67 Winter 1997.

Venter, Al J. Lebanon: A Pawn in the Power Struggle. Jane's Intelligence Review 10:18-23 June 1998.
Reports on "the strategic and political implications of a possible Israeli withdrawal". Refers throughout to Hezbollah.

Wege, Carl Anthony. Hizbollah Organization. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 17, no.2:151-164 1994.
Examines the development of Hizbollah in the context of the Lebanese civil war, its emergence in Amal, and its split between Hizbollah and a marginalized Islamic Resistance.

Zanini, Michele. Middle Eastern Terrorism and Netwar. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 22:247-256 July-September 1999.

Videos

The 50 Years War: Israel and the Arabs. Boston, PBS Home Video, 1999. 2 videocassettes, 300 min.
Video call no.: 956.94 F469

Wars in Peace: Terrorism, Lebanon. New York, Central Park Media, 1995. 1 videocassette, 80 min.
Video call no.: 341.773 T328

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