July 2003

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Air University Library       
Maxwell AFB, AL

Table of Contents | Internet Resources | The Threat: Terrorist Groups, A-K  | The Threat: Terrorist Groups, L-W | Current American Trends | Current Global Trends | War on Terrorism

 The Threat: Terrorist Groups, A-K

   General and Background Information
   Abu Nidal Organization (ANO)
   Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)
   Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade
   Al-Gam'a al-Islamiyya
   Al-Jihad (Egyptian Islamic Jihad)
   Armed Islamic Group (GIA)
   Asbat al-Ansar
   Aum Supreme Truth (Aum) Aum Shinrikyo, Aleph
   Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA)
   Communist Party of Philippines New People's Army (CPP-NPA)
   Domestic Groups
   HAMAS (Islamic Resistance Movement)
   Harakat ul-Mujahedeen (HUM)
   Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)
   Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM)
   Jemaah Islamiya (JI)
   Kahane Chai (Kach)
   Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK KADEK)

General and Background Information 

Barker, Jonathan.  The No-Nonsense Guide to Terrorism.  Oxford, UK, New Internationalist Publications Ltd, 2003.  144 p.
Book call no.:  303.625 B255n

Berman, Paul. Terror and Liberalism. New York, W. W. Norton & Company, 2003.   214 p.
Book call no.: 303.625 B516t

Combs, Cindy C. Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century. Upper Saddle River, NJ, Prentice Hall, 2003. 305 p.
Book call no.: 303.625 C731t 2003

Cragin, Kim and Chalk, Peter. Terrorism & Development: Using Social and Economic Development to Inhibit a Resurgence of Terrorism. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2003. 42 p.
Book call no.: In Processing

Crockatt, Richard. America Embattled: September 11, Anti-Americanism and the Global Order. New York, Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2003. 205 p.
Book call no.: 327.73 C938a

Darby, John. The Effects of Violence on Peace Processes. Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2001. 153 p.
Focuses on peace processes that have involved actors other than the United Nations. Analyzes the nature and impact of four interrelated kinds of violence: violence by the state; violence by militants; violence in the community; and the emergence of new violence-related issues during negotiations.
Book call no.: 327.172 D213e

Dershowitz, Alan M. Why Terrorism Works: Understanding the Threat, Responding to the Challenge. New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2002. 271 p.
Book call no.: 303.625 D438w

The Geographical Dimensions of Terrorism, edited by Susan L. Cutter. New York, Routledge, 2003. 274 p.
Book call no.: In Processing

Giorgio. Memoirs of an Italian Terrorist, translated with an introduction by Anthony Shugaar. New York, Carroll & Graf Publishers, 1981. 194 p.
Book call no.: 303.6250945 G499m

Goodrick-Clarke, Nicholas. Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism and the Politics of Identity. New York, New York University Press, 2002. 369 p.
Book call no.: 320.533 G655b

Griset, Pamala L. and Mahan, Sue. Terrorism in Perspective. Thousand Oaks, CA, SAGE Publications, 2003.
Book call no.: 303.625 G869t

Hewitt, Christopher. Understanding Terrorism in America: From the Klan to al Qaeda. New York, Routledge, 2003. 154 p.
Book call no.: 303.6250973 H611u

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism (JWIT). Coulsdon, Surrey, UK, Jane's Information Group, 2003. 1 vol.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 2003

Jenkins, Philip. Images of Terror: What We Can and Can't Know About Terrorism. New York, Aldine de Gruyter, 2003. 227 p.
Book call no.: 303.625 J52i

Kushner, Harvey W. Encyclopedia of Terrorism. Thousand Oaks, CA, SAGE Publications, 2003. 523 p.
Book call no.: R 303.62503 K97e

Martin, Gus. Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues. Thousand Oaks, CA, SAGE Publications, 2003. 1 vol.
Book call no.: In Processing

Muller, Harald. Terrorism, Proliferation: A European Threat Assessment. Paris, European Union Institute for Security Studies, 2003. 100 p.
Book call no.: In Processing

The New Global Terrorism: Characteristics, Causes, Controls, edited by Charles W. Kegley. Upper Saddle River, NJ, Prentice Hall, 2003. 284 p.
A sequel to, and derived from its predecessor, International Terrorism by the same editor.
Book call no.: 303.625 N532

Non-State Threats and Future Wars, edited by Robert J. Bunker. Portland, OR, F. Cass, 2003. 208 p.
Book call no.: 355.033 N812

Outman, James L. Terrorism Primary Sources.. Detroit, MI, UXL, 2003. 192 p.
Book call no.: 303.625 O94tb

Parenti, Michael. The Terrorism Trap: September 11 and Beyond. San Francisco, City Lights Books, 2002. 110 p.
An analysis of the deeper causes of September 11 such as religious zealotry and U.S. led globalization.
Book call no.: 973.931 P288t

Terrorism Almanac, edited by Outman, James L. Detroit, MI, UXL, 2003. 235 p.
Gives an overview of terrorism including its origins and definitions, tactics and tools of terrorists, various forms of terror, specific instances of terrorist acts, and an appendix of terrorist organizations.
Book call no.: R 303.625 O94t

Terrorism Biographies, edited by Outman, James L. Detroit, MI, UXL, 2003. 278 p.
Book call no.: R 303.625 O94ta

Terrorism Reference Library Cumulative Index, Matthew May, index coordinator. Detroit, MI, UXL, 2003. 15 p.
"Combines the indexes to Terrorism: Almanac, Terrorism: Biographies, and Terrorism: Primary Sources."
Book call no.: 303.625 O94tc

Who Defended the Country? 
Presented by Elaine Scarry.  Edited by Joshua Cohen and Joel Rogers.  Boston, Beacon Press, 2003.  113 p.
Book call no.:  355.033073 W628

White, Jonathan Randall. Terrorism: An Introduction. Belmont, CA, Wadsworth Thomson Learning, 2003. 345 p.
2002 update.
Book call no.: 363.32 W585t 2003

4 Decades of Worldwide Terrorism. Air Force Magazine 85:70-75 February 2002.

Aaron, Christopher. Terrorism Threat Survey 2002. Jane's Intelligence Review 14:8-13 October 2002.

Ackerman, Robert K. Free World Nations Face Multifaceted Threats. Signal 56:31-35 April 2002.

Barnard, Don. Narco-Terrorism Realities: The Connection Between Drugs and Terror. Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 9:31-33 2003.

Bell, S. Shopping List of Terror in Kashmir. Terrorism & Security Monitor3-4 November 2002.

Chellaney, Brahma. Fighting Terrorism in Southern Asia: The Lessons of History. International Security 26:94-116 Winter 2001-2002.

Chima, Jugdep S. Back to the Future in 2002? A Model of Sikh Separatism in Punjab. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 25:19-39 January-February 2002.

Coker, Christopher. What Would Sun Tzu say About the War on Terrorism? RUSI Journal 148:16-20 February 2003.

Copley, Gregory R. The Intelligence & Management Challenge (of) Handling Radical, Terrorist and Politicized Prisoners. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 30:9-11 2002.

Cronon, Audrey Kurth. Behind the Curve: Globalization and International Terrorism. International Security 27:30-58 Winter 2002/03.

Cunningham, Karla J. Cross-Regional Trends in Female Terrorism. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 26:171-195 May-June 2003.
Analysis contends that female involvement with terrorist activity is widening ideologically, logistically, and regionally.

Davis, Anthony. Philippine Army Prevents MILF (Moro Islamic Liberation Front) Reorganisation. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:16-21 March 2003.

Makarenko, Tamara. Foreign Bases Complicate Terror Assessments in Central Asia. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:32-35 June 2003.

Nacos, Brigitte L. The Terrorist Calculus Behind 9-11: A Model for Future Terrorism. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 26:1-16 January-February 2003.

The Terrorist Attack on America: Background. Defense Intelligence Journal 11:91-95 Winter 2002.

Tsfati, Yariv and Weimann, Gabriel. www.terrorism.com: Terror on the Internet. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 25:317-332 September-October 2002.
Appendix 1 of this article gives the names and URLs of terrorist organization with internet sites.

Abu Nidal Organization (ANO)

Internet Resources
Abu Nidal Guardian Unlimited
Available online at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/obituaries/story/0,3604,777427,00.html
Abu Nidal's obituary.

Abu Nidal organization (ANO)
Available online at: http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/ano.htm
Federation of American Scientists site gives description, activities, strength, location/ area of operation and external aid sources.

Abu Nidal Organization (ANO)
Available online at: http://www.terrorismfiles.org/organisations/abu_nidal_organization.html
TerrorismFiles.org site provides other names the group has used, description of the group, strength, location/area of operation, and sources of state support.

Abu Nidal Organization (Iraq, Extremists)
Available online at: http://www.terrorismanswers.com/groups/abunidal.html
Terrorism: Questions & Answers site describes the group's goals, targets and sources of state support.

Abu Nidal: Ruthless Maverick
Available online at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/world/middle_east/2203099.stm
From the BBC News site.

A Global Terror Group Primer. FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database February 14, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32W2985032908&db=mth
A short list of terror groups that threaten America, its allies and friends, based on U.S. State Department data.

Michael Ledeen on Abu Nidal National Review Online August 20, 2002.
Available online at: http://www.nationalreview.com/ledeen/ledeen082002.asp

Nordland, Rod. Seeking Safety with Saddam. Newsweek (Pacific Edition) November 11, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7807542&db=f5h
Focuses on death of Palestinian Abu Nidal; Allegations by Palestine that Iraq killed Nidal; Impact Nidal's al Qaeda connections could have had on a U.S. attack on Iraq.

Terrorism - In the Spotlight: Abu Nidal Organization (ANO)
Available online at: http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/ano-pr.cfm
From the CDI Terrorism Project site.

Abu Nidal. Economist 364:65 August 24, 2002.
Presents an obituary for terrorist Abu Nidal, who died on August 17, 2002 at age 65. History of his Fatah Revolutionary Council. Background on Abu Nidal who was born to a wealthy Palestinian family.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7219303&db=aph

Aydintasbas, Asia. Abu Nidal, September 11 and Saddam. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition, 37, p.A12, Op, August 21, 2002.
Discusses the possible involvement of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein in the death of Palestinian terrorist Abu Nidal and its implications for the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the U.S.

Curtin, Richard H. Abu Nidal: The World's Most Deadly Terrorist. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 21:N49-N50 November 2002.
Focuses on the terrorism activities of renegade leader Sabri al-Banna. Charges against al-Banna on the three-hundred killings in twenty countries; Chronological lists of terroristic involvement of al-Banna; Motives of al-Banna on the Israeli-Palestinian problems.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7568157&db=aph

Greenberg, Gershom. The Detonator. New York Times Magazine 152:48-49 December 29, 2002.
Discusses the cultural and historical importance of terrorist Abu Nidal, who died in 2002. Operations of his group, Fatah Revolutionary Council; His break with Fatah; Character of Nidal, including his penchant for assassinating colleagues; His role in breaking a cease-fire between the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel in 1982.

Hijackers I Have Known. Nation 275:9 September 16, 2002.
Thoughts on Abu Nidal, a former Iraqi nominee as leader of the Palestinian struggle; How terms like 'terrorist' and 'hijacker' have changed meaning.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7272504&db=aph

Moubayed, Sami. Abu Nidal: 'Nationalist Turned Psychopath?' Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 21:48-49 November 2002.
Focuses on the life and works of Palestinian nationalist and chief of the Fatah Revolutionary Council Sabri al-Banna. Expulsion of al-Banna by Palestinian leader from the Fatah movement; Involvement of al-Banna on terroristic activities and hostage taking of diplomats at the Saudi Embassy; Murder charges of al-Banna on statesmen.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7568155&db=aph

Ripley, Amanda. Assisted Suicide? Time 160:35 September 2, 2002.
Focuses on the mystery surrounding the death of Palestinian extremist Abu Nidal. Speculation that Iraqi officials killed him, or encouraged one of his Palestinian lieutenants to do so; Biographical and career information, including his rise through the ranks of the Palestine Liberation Organization; Formation of the Abu Nidal Organization, also known as the Fatah Revolutionary Council.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7220107&db=aph

Timmerman, Kenneth R. Death of a Terrorist. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition, p.A18, Op, August 20, 2002.
Reports on Abu Nidal's terrorist attacks against Jews.

Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) 

Internet Resources
Abu Sayyaf Group
Available online at: http://www.terrorismanswers.com/groups/abusayyaf.html
Terrorism: Questions & Answers site describes the group's goals, targets and sources of state support.

Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)
Available online at: http://www.terrorismfiles.org/organisations/abu_sayyaf_group.html
TerrorismFiles.org site provides other names the group has used, description of the group, strength, location/area of operation, and sources of state support.

Abu Sayyaf Reference
Available online at: http://www.military.com/Resources/ResourceFileView?file=ASG-Organization.htm
Military.com Resources describes the organization, their resources and activities, their history and other connected groups.

Banerji, Robin. Terror: Targeting Asia's Weakness. Time Atlantic October 28, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7672380&db=aph
Focuses on Islamic terrorist activity in Asia. Expounds on the belief that Asia offers the best targets because its governments and police are unable to crack down on terrorist groups. Discusses Abu Sayyaf.

Larry Thompson Holds Justice Department Briefing. FDCH Political Transcripts July 23, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32V1895783714&db=f5h
Announced the indictment of five leaders of the Abu Sayyaf Group in connection with their hostage-taking activities against Americans and others in the Philippines.

No U.S. Involvement in Hostage Rescue from Philippine Terror Group. FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database June 7, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32W2329596136&db=mth
Joint Chiefs Chairman Air Force Gen. Richard Myers said here today there was no U.S. involvement in the hostage rescue in the Philippines. Myers confirmed that American hostage Martin Burnham, and Philippine hostage Deborah Yap were killed in the rescue attempt.

Terror in the Philippines
Available online at: http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/abusayyaf/
A CNN.com in-depth special report.

Who are the Abu Sayyaf?
Available online at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/719623.stm
BBC News Asia Pacific.

Guerrero, Rustico O. Philippine Terrorism and Insurgency: What to do About the Abu Sayaaf Group. Quantico, VA, United States Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 2002. 61 p.
Asserts that the use of military force is necessary at the present, but a multidimensional approach that confronts the root causes of Philippine terrorism must be done to change the environment where terrorism grows.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA404925
Doc. call no.: M-U 41886-71 G935p

Davis, Anthony. Interview (with) Lt Gen Narciso Abaya, Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines Southern Command. Jane's Defence Weekly 39:32 February 5, 2003.

Lopez, Leslie. As Manila Pursues Abu Sayyaf, Role of U.S. Troops is Revisited. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition, p.A14, Op, June 10, 2002.
Reports on the role of U.S. military troops deployed in southern Philippines in the pursuit of the Philippine Armed Forces for the elimination of the Abu Sayyaf rebels.

Malkin, Michelle. Media 'Compassion' Abandons Burnhams. Insight on the News 18:46 April 1, 2002.
Reports on the different media attention given to U.S. journalists and other hostage victims of the Abu Sayyaf Islamic guerrillas in the Philippines. Discussion on the murder of news reporter Daniel Pearl and the abduction of missionaries Martin and Gracia Burnham.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6402996&db=f5h

Murphy, Dan. The Philippine Branch of Terror. Christian Science Monitor 93:p.4, Op October 26, 2001.
Reports on links which are suspected between al Qaeda and the Abu Sayyaf Group of the Philippines. Report that a brother-in-law of Osama bin Laden, Mohammad Jamal Khalifa, played a crucial role in founding Abu Sayyaf; How Khalifa channeled bin Laden money to Abu Sayyaf through charities he was running in the Philippines; How United States military advisers have been arriving in the Philippines to begin the U.S.'s first non-Afghan front in the war on terrorism.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5407344&db=aph

Mydans, Seth. Muslim Separtists Terrorize Filipinos with Kidnapping for Money and 'Marriages.' New York Times, 51997, p.15, Op, January 13, 2002.
Provides information on the kidnapping and terrorism activities of Muslim separatist group Abu Sayyaf, including information on the experiences of several kidnap victims of the group.

Shang Qianhong. Southeast Asia: Second Battlefield Against Terrorism? Beijing Review 14:11-12 March 14, 2002.
Reports the prevalence of terrorism battles in the Southeast Asia. Aim of the U.S. military exercise to defeat the Abu Sayyaf Group in the Philippines; Reason of Filipinos for opposing the idea.

Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade

Internet Resources
Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade Al-`Asifa
Available online at: http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/aqsa.htm
Federation of American Scientists site gives description, activities, strength, location/ area of operation and external aid sources.

Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades
Available online at: http://www.terrorismanswers.com/groups/alaqsa.html
Terrorism: Questions & Answers site describes the group's goals, targets and sources of state support.

Arafat's Endgame: The Roadmap has been Released, but the Palestinian Leader is Isolated and Losing Clout. Is he Still in Charge? Newsweek (Atlantic Edition) May 12, 2003.
Available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?Ver=1&Exp=07-31-2003&FMT=FT&DID=000000334513661&REQ=1&Cert=%2bJJIv8dWWIy1vqukcUxequy%2fY0JLJTZpG893vkI9k%2f5%2bz%2f9S0%2fkbCebOgPiGn%2bvjOy%2bLCc%2fESID0BQGeJBQIXg--

Israel 1991 to the Present: al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade
Available online at: http://www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1991to_now_plo_alaqsa_brigade.php
Describes the organization.

Leavitt, Paul. U.S. Goes After 3 More Terror Groups' Assets. USA Today March 28, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=J0E079433786802&db=f5h
The Treasury Department moved to block the assets of three organizations that the Bush administration labeled as terrorist groups. The organizations are the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, a Palestinian militia linked to the Fatah faction of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat; Asbat al-Ansar, a Sunni Muslim group based in Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon; and the Salafist Group for Call and Combat, a group seeking to overthrow the Algerian government.

Media Advisory: U.S. Treasury to Designate al-Aqsa International Foundation as Financier of Terror Charity Linked to Funding of the HAMAS terrorist organization. FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database May 29, 2003.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32W1186949007&db=mth
Announces the designation of the Al-Aqsa Foundation as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist (SDGT) entity under Executive Order 13224. The designation by Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) requires that all assets of the Al-Aqsa Foundation be blocked and transactions with the organization prohibited.

Profile: Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade March 5, 2002.
Available online at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/world/middle_east/1760492.stm
BBCNews Middle East site.

Profile: Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade and who is Controlling Them in Israel Currently. Weekend Edition January 19, 2003.
Available online at: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?Ver=1&Exp=07-31-2003&FMT=FT&DID=000000351126951&REQ=1&Cert=o7u1e5dXsj0LVkbMGV6T3Oy%2fY0JLJTZpbuVqlc1Mscx%2bz%2f9S0%2fkbCebOgPiGn%2bvjOy%2bLCc%2fESIDS7hWizWpQAw

Richard Boucher Holds State Department Briefing. FDCH Political Transcripts March 27, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32V0349205304&db=f5h
Announces the designation of three additional foreign terrorist organizations. They are Azbad al-Ansar (ph), the Salafist Group for Call and Combat, and the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade. The Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, whose imminent designation was announced last week, is also being designated under the authority of two executive orders blocking terrorist assets effective today.

Chomsky, Noam. Middle East Illusions: Including Peace in the Middle East? Reflections on Justice and Nationhood. Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003. 299
See chapters on "Al-Aqsa Intifada"; After 9/11: The 'War on Terror' Redeclared" and "A Changed World? Terrorism Reconsidered."
Book call no.: 956.04 C548m

Blanche, Ed. Cult of the Kamikaze. Middle East 334:22-23 May 2003.
The culture of suicide attacks has grown among Islamic fighters in Kurdistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, Chechnya, China, Turkey and across Southeast Asia. HAMAS and Islamic Jihad are still the most active in this type of operation, but the secular groups that have joined in the suicide attacks have radically transformed the profile of the kamikaze bomber the Israelis had built up, of young Muslim men, poorly educated and religiously zealous. Groups like the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, largely recruited from Fatah, Yasser Arafat's mainstream group, have sent Christians, young women and middle aged men on suicide missions.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9811040&db=aph

Courting Public Opinion. Maclean's 115:12 August 26 2002.
Discusses charges against Palestinian activist leader Marwan Barghouti in an Israeli courtroom. His alleged link with belonging to the militant Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, which has claimed responsibility for suicide attacks against Israel; Barghouti's denunciation of Israel's occupation of the West Bank and Gaza.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7195503&db=aph

Glass, Charles. A Mandela for the Palestinians. New Statesman 131:14 July 15, 2002.
Features Marwan Barghouti, a Palestinian politician jailed for charges of leading militia movements Fatah's Tanzim and al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade. Family and academic background; His views on the Palestinian Authority; Political and social contributions.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6951976&db=aph

Hammer, Joshua and Zeidan, Samir. Under Siege in Bethlehem. Newsweek 139:24-27 April 29, 2002.
Details of how Israeli soldiers pursued Palestinian gunmen who were positioned inside convents and buildings. Indication that relations between clergy and guerrillas from the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades became strained.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6534773&db=aph

Peretz, Martin. Immature. New Republic 228:38 January 20, 2003.
The author believes that no national movement in modern history has been more compromised by collaborators than that of the Palestinians.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8868123&db=aph

Toameh, Khaled Abu and Derfner, Larry. Yasser Arafat's 'Martyrs.' U.S. News & World Report 132:14-15 March 25, 2002.
Focuses on Palestinian suicide terrorists in the West Bank. Violence inflicted by fighters of the al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades; Number of Israeli soldiers and civilians they have killed; Involvement of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat with the terrorists.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6347576&db=aph

Al-Gam'a al-Islamiyya

Internet Resources
al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya/Jama'a Islamia (Islamic Group, IG)
Available online at: http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/ig.htm
Federation of American Scientists site gives description, activities, location and strength of the group.

Terrorism - In the Spotlight: Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya - Islamic Group December 2, 2002.
Available online at: http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/algamaa.cfm
Center for Defense Information site.

US-EU Designation of Terrorist Financiers Fact Sheet. FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database May, 3, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32W3898043002&db=mth
The US and the EU announced that a joint blocking action on a list of terrorists and their supporters. The EU list - made up of 18 terrorists and terrorist groups - includes such organizations as Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya, two extremist groups that have terrorized Turkey for decades and the Shining Path.

Al-Jihad (Egyptian Islamic Jihad)

The Bloodied Map. New Republic 228:7 June 2, 2003.
The Palestinian security apparatus leader is Mohammed Dahlan, who is serious about destroying the military capabilities of HAMAS and Islamic Jihad.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9894195&db=aph

Burger, Timothy and Waller, Douglas. After Troops, Terror. Time 161:21 April 14, 2003.
Reports that U.S. intelligence has been picking up indications that Muslim extremists from Islamic Jihad, Hizballah and other terrorist organizations are entering Iran from Iraq, Syria and Jordan.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9468538&db=aph

Goodman, Hirsh. Blood on a Road Map. Maclean's 116:39-40 June 2, 2003.
Iran, by supplying HAMAS with weapons and cash, and Palestinian President Yasser Arafat, are behind the recent attacks in Israel. Iran, because it does not want American policy to advance; Arafat, because he wants the new Palestinian prime minister and his own de facto successor, Mahmoud Abbas, to fail.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9864637&db=aph

Rees, Matt. A New Fear for Israel. Time 160:13 July 22, 2002.
Indicates that the Lebanese Shi'ite militia, Hizballah, has limited its involvement in the Arab-Israeli violence of the intifadeh to training Palestinians from other terrorist groups like HAMAS and Islamic Jihad and helping build their military capability.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6965944&db=aph


Internet Resources
Al-Qaida Network Remains a Serious Threat, G-8 Ministers Say. CongressDaily May 5, 2003.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9696799&db=aph
Ministers from the Group of Eight nations say that al Qaeda may use chemical, biological or nuclear weapons in attacks.

Don't Panic but do Prepare. IEE Review February 2003.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9725181&db=aph
Reports on the cyber-terrorism threat in the U.S. to infrastructure and technology; Al-Qaeda's style of terrorism.

Kohn, Carol and Henderson, C. W. U.S. Intelligence Believes Iraq has Samples. Bioterrorism Week December 2, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8586729&db=aph
Reports on countries which possess samples of the smallpox virus, according to U.S. intelligence. Views of the U.S. on the capability of the Al Qaida terrorist network to mount an attack with smallpox; Concern over the capability of North Korea to develop potent biological weapons; Laxity of Russia in safeguarding the disease.

McGirk, Tim. Terrorism's Missing Link. Time South Pacific January 27, 2003.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8986606&db=f5h
Discusses the potential threat of wanted terrorist Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, member of al-Qaeda, and the chief architect of 9/11.

Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda. International Terrorism January 2003.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9187883&db=f5h
Focuses on Osama bin Laden and his Al Qaeda network of Islamic terrorists. Personal background on bin Laden; Background information on the formation and beginnings of the Al Qaeda; Implications on studies of crime and crime prevention.

Scrivo, Karen Lee. Cleaning up the Dirty Bomb Threat. CongressDaily March 3, 2003.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9218280&db=f5h
Reports on the growth in risk of terrorist attacks on the U.S., according to a report of Washington, District of Columbia-based Monterey Institute. Possibility of dirty bombs' usage by the terrorist organization al-Qaida; Bills introduced by Senate Foreign Relations chairman Richard G. Lugar to use radioactive sources for prevention of terrorist attacks.

Trembly, Ara C. Al-Qaida: What will Their Next Target be? National underwriter/Property & Casualty Risk & Benefits October 14, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7598924&db=f5h
Presents answers to questions put forth by U.S. insurers to developers of terrorism risk models regarding the next target of terrorist group Al-Qaida after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Possibility of a strike at U.S. targets outside the country; Expectation of only medium and small attacks by the terrorist group; Likely mode of attack.

The War on Terrorism: Osama bin Laden and al-Qa'ida
Available online at: http://www.lib.ecu.edu/govdoc/terrorism.html
Contains links to bin Laden statements and interviews; government documents on bin Laden and al Qaeda; and al Qaeda and radical Islamism in context. Compiled and maintained by the Joyner Library of East Carolina University, Greenville, NC.

Who's who in al-Qaeda June 27, 2003.
Available online at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2780525.stm
A BBC News Online special that "pieces together what little is known about some of the key al Qaeda suspects."

Worldwide Threats to Intelligence Community. FDCH Congressional Testimony February 11, 2003.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32Y3915082155&db=f5h
Highlights the threat to US interests posed by al-Qaida terrorists, especially in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran and Iraq.

Al-Qaeda and Jihadi Movements Worldwide
, edited by James J. Sanchez. Seattle, WA, Reference Corporation, Aristarchus Knowledge Industries, December 2002. 4 vols. (Middle East Abstracts)
Book call no.: R 016.32242 S211a

The Al-Qaeda Documents. Alexandria, VA, Tempest Publishing & IntelCenter, 2002. 1 vol.
Book call no.: 303.6250917671 A316

Moore, Robin. The Hunt for Bin Laden: Task Force Dagger. New York, Random House, 2003. 373 p.
Book call no.: 363.320973 M823h

Kreckovsky, Melanie J. Training for Terror: A Case Study of Al-Qaida. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2002. 116 p.
Contains recommendations for the intelligence community in understanding the internal workings of Al-Qaeda.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 K921t

Rueda, Edwin O. New Terrorism? A Case Study of Al-Qaida and the Lebanese Hezbollah. Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2001. 90 p.
Argues that there is no such thing as "new terrorism." Suggests that the evidence shows that in organizational and ideological terms terrorism has changed little in the last 20 years.
Also available online at: http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA402006
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 R918n

500 Qaeda Members Held in Iran. New York Times, 52397, p.A12, Op, Februry 17, 2003.
Reports that Iran had arrested and deported several members of the Al Qaeda terrorist group.

The Arrest of Khalid Sheik Mohammed. World & I 18:44-49 May 2003.
Presents world views on the arrest of Al Qaeda operations chief Khalid Sheik Mohammed, as depicted in several newspaper articles. Importance of his arrest to the war on terrorism; Comments on the absence of due process of law in his arrest; Role of military intelligence in his arrest.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9681918&db=f5h

Attacking Al Qaeda. U.S. News & World Report 134:20-21 June 2, 2003.
Presents a time line of destruction to the al Qaeda terrorist network by America and its allies since September 11, 2001.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9866577&db=aph

Bodansky, Yossef. Osama Bin Laden and the Latest Phase in the US War on Terrorism. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 30:15-18 2002.

Bonner, Raymond. Philippine Camps are Training Al Qaeda's Allies, Officials Say. New York Times, 52500, p.A1, Op, May 31, 2003.
Discusses how the terrorist organization Jemaah Islamiyah, a group affiliated with Al Qaeda, recruits members from Indonesia and Malaysia. How the organization trains terrorists in the southern Philippines.

Brownfeld, A. After Iraq: Implications for Terrorism. Jane's Terrorism & Security Monitor14-16 May 2003.
Despite the removal of Saddam Hussein, the future of Iraq against the forces of international terrorism are very uncertain.

Brownfeld, A. Terrorists in the Triple Frontier. Jane's Terrorism & Security Monitor12-14 February 2003.

Chipman, Don D. Osama bin Laden and Guerrilla War. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 26:163-170 May-June 2003.
Outlines how bin Laden developed his war strategy based on Mao's protracted guerrilla concept.

Cole, Juan. Taking Aim at Iran. Nation 276:4-5 June 23, 2003.
Republicans in Washington DC have begun preparing the ground for United States action, perhaps even war, against Iran. Iran is charged with harboring Al Qaeda terrorists.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9987870&db=aph

Crawley, Vince and Svitak, Amy. 'Execution' or act of War? Army Times 63:10 November 18, 2002.
Investigates the morality of a U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) attack which killed suspected al-Qaida members in Yemen through a missile fired from an unmanned aircraft in November 2002.

Davis, Anthony. Recent Violence Obscures Deeper Threats for Afghanistan. Jane's Intelligence Review 14:14-17 October 2002.

Elliott, Michael. The Biggest Fish of Them All. Time 161:48-52 March 17, 2003.
Focuses on the renewed efforts to capture Osama bin Laden after the arrest of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed. How bin Laden escaped the siege at Tora Bora, Afghanistan; Discussion of the legend that bin Laden has created among people in Arab countries.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9238298&db=aph

Frantz, Douglas. Central Asia Braces to Fight Islamic Rebels. New York Times, 51742, p.A1, Op, May 3, 2001.
Reports on the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan in the Kyrgyzstan region. Suggests the rebels are trained by the Taliban and financed by drug traffickers and Osama bin Laden.

Gorka, S. Al-Qaeda: The Link and Threat to Europe. Jane's Terrorism & Security Monitor January 2003.
Europe's immigration laws and Al-Qaeda's increasing versatility is putting more European countries at risk.

Gunaratna, Rohan. Al-Qaeda's Operational Ties with Allied Groups. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:20-22 February 2003.

Gunaratna, Rohan. Still Threatening. World Today 59:19-21 January 2003.
Discusses the persistence of the fundamentalist Muslim terrorist group Al Qaeda. Group's undiminished intention to strike at its enemies; Retention of sufficient capability to plan and execute operations directly and through associate groups; Shift of terrorist threat to soft targets on land and sea.

Higgins, Andrew. How al Qaeda put Internet in Service of Global Jihad. Wall Street Journal, 94, p.A1, Op, November 11, 2002.
Discusses the use of the Internet by the al Qaeda terrorist organization. Web site which was set up by a member in China; Arab militants who created a home page for Egyptian Islamic Jihad; Use of technology by radical Islam following the September 11 terrorist attacks.

Higgins, Andrew and Cullison, Alan. Saga of Dr. Zawahri Illuminates Roots of al Qaeda Terror. Wall Street Journal, 2, p.A1, Op, July 2, 2002.
Focuses on Dr. Zawahri, leader of the militant group, the Egyptian Islamic Jihad. His role in the planning of September 11 attacks in the United States and the global war between the U.S. and al Qaeda terrorists; Discussion of militant Islam, its disarray and inability to take and hold power in almost any Islamic country since Iran in 1979; Background on Zawahri and how he joined with Osama bin Laden; Topics of radical Islam.

Hosenball, Mark. Al Qaeda Strikes Again. Newsweek 141:24-30 May 26, 2003.
Discusses the implications of the suicide terror attacks in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and Casablanca, Morocco. Efforts of intelligence officials to find out how Al Qaeda is changing the way it operates; Speculation on where Al Qaeda will strike next.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9798248&db=aph

Hunt for Al-Qaida Moves to Yemen. Navy Times 51:5 September 30, 2002.
Reports on the deployment of U.S. commando units and naval assault forces in Yemen in September 2002 to hunt al-Qaida operatives. Issues that need to be addressed by a cooperative effort to kill or capture terrorists; Involvement of Central Intelligence Agency paramilitary units in the operation.

Isikoff, Michael. Al Qaeda's Summer Plans. Newsweek 141:24-30 June 2, 2003.
Focuses on the threat of terrorism in the United States. Discussion of how the Central Intelligence Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation monitor the Alsaha.com Web site as an early warning system since the September 11, 2001 attacks; View of the American counterterror analysts that Al Qaeda terrorism is entering a more dangerous phase; Efforts of the U.S. to coordinate rival government agencies and money to infiltrate foreign intelligence communities; Discussion of the Al Qaeda organization and its recruits.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9864988&db=aph

Kaplan, David E. Playing Offense. U.S. News & World Report 134:18-27 June 2, 2003.
Discusses the search for al Qaeda by U.S. terrorist hunters. Impact of America's frontline agents on disabling the al Qaeda terrorist network; Warnings from al Qaeda official Ayman al-Zawahiri following bombings in Morocco and Saudi Arabia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9866573&db=aph

Kaplan, Robert D. A Tale of Two Colonies. Atlantic Monthly 291:26-27 April 2003.
Reports on the use of business administration and modern management techniques by Osama Bin Laden, leader of terrorist group Al Qaeda to manage the organization. Details of four levels of operation used by the group for its terrorist activities; Continuance of the group's terrorist activities despite the U.S. war on terrorism.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9214793&db=aph

Katz, Mark N. Breaking the Yemen-Al Qaeda Connection. Current History 102:40-43 January 2003.
Focuses on the presence of Al Qaeda in Yemen. Concern of the U.S. on the support given by Yemeni tribes to Al Qaeda; Influence of political tribes on the condition of the country; Objectives of Bakil tribes.

Kuhn, David A. Mombasa Attack Highlights Increasing MANPADS (Man-Portable Air Defense Systems) Threat. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:26-31 February 2003.

Land, Thomas. Islamic Terrorists and the Russian Mafia. Contemporary Review 282:264-267 May 2003.
Discusses the Asian diplomatic initiative that aims to address the challenge by a group of Islamic terror organizations led by Al-Qaeda, which threatens the integrity of countries along the southern rim of the Soviet Union.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9872497&db=aph

Lebanon. Middle East Journal 56:693-694 Autumn 2002.
Reports on the developments in Lebanon's regional affairs from April 2001 to July 2002. Denial of the government concerning al-Qaida's presence in Lebanon; Support of the government for the Palestinian Intifida.

McNamee, Mike. The Cash Squeeze on Terror Inc. Business Week 3824:38-39 March 17, 2003.
Discusses efforts to find al Qaeda's funding and cut it off.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9242259&db=aph

Murphy, Dan. Southeast Asia's 'Mini-Al-Qaeda' Nests in Thailand. Christian Science Monitor, 139, p.7, Op, June 13, 2003.
Until recently Thailand has denied that Al Qaeda or the closely- affiliated Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) are active inside the country.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9996269&db=aph

Rubin, Elizabeth. Second Front. New Republic 228:20-23 April 7, 2003.
Presents a dispatch on the Iraqi War from Sulaymaniya, Kurdistan. Just days after United States soldiers began battling the Iraqi army across the country's southern deserts and ports, they opened a new front here in the north against this comparatively small Islamic group tucked into a few mountain villages next to Iran. It's a tiny war, but one apparently significant enough in the war on terror to warrant 50 cruise missiles and American Special Forces.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9397472&db=aph

Sachs, Susan. An Investigation in Egypt Illustrates Al Qaeda's Web. New York Times, p.A1, Op, November 21, 2001.
Discusses how the confessions and investigative reports produced for a 1999 trial of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad relate to the Al Qaeda terrorist network. How the Egyptians provided the tactical support for Al Qaeda by forging travel documents, transferring money and arranging communications; Merger of the two groups to form the World Islamic Front for Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders; Goals of the group; Scope of the Jihad network; Attacks associated with the terrorists; Details of documents from the trial.

Simon, Steven. The New Terrorism/Securing the Nation Against a Messianic Foe. Brookings Review 21:18-24 Winter 2003.
Discusses terrorism in the U.S. caused by the al-Qaida movement. Difference of al-Qaida and its affiliates from conventional terrorists groups; Factors driving al-Qaida's struggle for power; Characteristics of monotheistic faiths; Details of how the U.S. should respond to the jihadist threat; Views of the Salafi clerics on jihad.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8874918&db=f5h

Sinai, Joshua. Understanding an Unconventional Threat. Federal Times 39:10 March 3, 2003.
Describes the impact of the threat posed by the use of chemical and biological weapons by terrorist groups on U.S. citizens and their allies. Use of the poison ricin by suspected al-Qaida operatives in January 2003; Way in which terrorist groups planned to poison the water supply in Rome, Italy in February 2002; Impact of the use of anthrax on the U.S.; Contamination of food at salad bars in several Oregon restaurants in 1984.

Stone, Peter H. Far-Flung Fanaticism. National Journal 33:3338-3346 October 27, 2001.
Provides information on the foreign terrorist organizations on the official list of the United States State Department. Al Qaeda; HAMAS; Hezbollah; Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam; Abu Sayyaf Group; Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5504402&db=aph

Taylor, Rachel S. Bali's Blackest Day. World Press Review 49:30 December 2002.
Comments on the impact of the October 12, 2002, terrorist bombings in Bali Island, Indonesia, on relations among countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8614016&db=aph

Taylor, Stuart. Rights, Liberties, AND Security. Brookings Review 21:25-31 Winter 2003.
Presents information on the actions taken by the U.S. government to counter terrorism. Details the mass movement of militant Islamic terrorists; Law-enforcement investigative techniques used against the al-Qaida movement; Concerns about proposals to increase the government's wiretapping powers.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8874924&db=f5h

Thomas, Timothy L. Al Qaeda and the Internet: The Danger of "Cyberplanning." Parameters 33:112-124 Spring 2003.
Explores the possibility of the Internet as a 'cyberplanning' tool for terrorists. Evidence that suggests that terrorists used the Internet to plan their operations for the September 11, 2001 attack against the U.S.; Measures that law enforcement agencies might consider in detecting terrorists' methodologies on the Internet; Control of the use of the Internet by cyberterrorists and hostile nations.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9326396&db=aph

Tracing Terror's Roots. U.S. News & World Report 134:28-31 February 24, 2003.
Compares the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in 1993 to the terrorist attacks in September of 2001. Missteps that preceded both attacks.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9113104&db=aph

U.S. Customs Plans Mideast Antiterror Office. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition, 21, p.A12, Op, January 30, 2003.
Reports on the move of the U.S. Customs Service to open offices in the United Arab Emirates to help track terrorist financial flows and money laundering in a country described as a financial hub of the al Qaeda terrorist network.

U.S. Says Documents Show Charities Aided Bin Laden, al Qaeda. Wall Street Journal, p.B8, Op, February 20, 2003.
Provides information on documents recovered by the U.S. government from the Bosnian offices of Benevolence International Foundation which indicate the foundation's involvement with al Qaeda.

US Naval Initiative. Middle East 331:26-27 February 2003.
Reports on the claims by the U.S. that the terrorist group Al Qaeda possesses a maritime fleet of ships. Techniques used by the U.S. intelligence agencies for the identification of cargo ships possibly involved in the terrorist network's operations; Threat posed by these vessels to American ports and U.S. cruise ships; Steps taken by the U.S. to ensure the safety of its ports and vessels.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9047933&db=aph

Van Natta, Don and MacFarquhar, Neil. 3 Qaeda Cells are Operating in Saudi Arabia, Official Say. New York Times, p.A17, Op, May 20, 2003.
Reports on the announcement of U.S. and Saudi Arabia officials on May 19, 2003 regarding the presence of Al Qaeda terrorist cells in Saudi Arabia.

Wounded, not Crippled. National Journal 35:574-578 February 22, 2003.
Investigates the capability of the Al-Qaeda terrorist organization to conduct terroristic activities worldwide, despite its defeat in the war on terrorism in Afghanistan as of February 2003. Evidence of possible terrorist attacks on the U.S. through biological weapons; Implications of the failure to capture Osama bin Laden during the battle in Tora Bora mountains; Ways in which Al-Qaeda conducts terrorist attacks.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9219927&db=aph

Wright, Lawrence. The Man Behind Bin Laden. New Yorker 78:56-86 September 16, 2002.
Profiles Egyptian doctor Ayman al-Zawahiri, who is responsible for the majority of the planning of Islamic terrorist Osama Bin Laden and Al Qaeda's terrorist operations against the U.S. Similarities and symbiotic relationship between Zawahiri and Bin Laden; Backbone of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad's leadership; Family life and background; Evolution of Zawahiri's hatred for the West.

Yew, Lee Kuan. Al Qaeda's Southeast Asian Footholds. Forbes 169:33 April 1, 2002.
Discusses the presence of al Qaeda in Southeast Asia, including Singapore, and the finding that Muslims of Jemaah Islamiah were planning to attack U.S. assets in Singapore.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6367576&db=aph

Armed Islamic Group (GIA)

Internet Resources
Armed Islamic Group
Available online at: http://www.survivalguide.com/armed_islamic_group.htm
International Security Group site "The International Survival Guide" describes the group; details its activities, strength, area of operation and sources of external aid.

Armed Islamic Group (Algeria, Islamists)
Available online at: http://www.terrorismanswers.com/groups/gia.html
Terrorism: Questions & Answers site describes the group's goals, targets and sources of state support.

Armed Islamic Group (GIA)
Available online at: http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/gia.htm
Federation of American Scientists site gives description, activities, strength, location/ area of operation and external aid sources.

Armed Islamic Group (GIA) Reference
Available online at: http://www.military.com/Resources/ResourceFileView?file=GIA-Organization.htm
Military.com site details organization and leadership, ideology, activities and history.

Crumley, Bruce. Terror Takes the Stand. Time Atlantic October 14, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7541822&db=aph
Reports the lessons learned during the trial of alleged Muslim terrorists Boualem Bensa´d and Sma´n A´t Ali Belkacem for the 1995 bombings in Paris, France. Organizational methods used by the Algerian Armed Islamic Group (G.I.A); G.I.A as a logical partner for al-Qaeda.

Johnson, Scott. Bloody Stalemate. Newsweek (Atlantic Edition) November 5, 2001.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5460696&db=f5h
Discusses the Algerian connections to Osama bin Laden's terrorist network. Role of Algeria's elite Special Intervention Group (GIS), in fighting terrorism; Hunt for members of the Armed Islamic Group (GIA).

Hafez, Mohammed M. Armed Islamist Movements and Political Violence in Algeria. Middle East Journal 54:572-592 Autumn 2000.
Investigates the formation of the principal armed Islamist groups in Algeria, the Groupe Islamique Arme and Armee Islamique du Salut, and their justification for armed struggle. Investigation on the extent of Islamist involvement in the violence witnessed in Algeria since 1992, particularly the massacres since 1997.

Leonard, Dick. Little Experience with Terrorism, So Far. Europe 410:45-46 October 2001.
Describes terrorism experience in Belgium. Information on the attacks staged by the Fighting Communist Cells; Use of the country as a base for the bombing campaigns of the Algerian Armed Islamic Group in France.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5396380&db=aph

'Asbat al-Ansar

Internet Resources
'Asbat al-Ansar
Available online at: http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/asbat.htm
Federation of American Scientists site gives description, activities, strength, location/ area of operation and external aid sources.

Leavitt, Paul. U.S. Goes After 3 More Terror Groups' Assets. USA Today March 28, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=J0E079433786802&db=f5h
The Treasury Department moved to block the assets of three organizations that the Bush administration labeled as terrorist groups. The organizations are the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, a Palestinian militia linked to the Fatah faction of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat; Asbat al-Ansar, a Sunni Muslim group based in Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon; and the Salafist Group for Call and Combat, a group seeking to overthrow the Algerian government.

Schanzer, Jonathan. Lurking in Lebanon: We Know where al Qaeda is June 4, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/comment-schanzer060403.asp
Discusses the refugee camp Ein al-Hilweh in Palestine and the various terrorist groups active there.

State Department Adds Three Groups to Foreign Terrorist List March 27, 2002.
Available online at: http://usinfo.state.gov/topical/pol/terror/02032701.htm
U.S. Department of State, International Information Programs, Washington File report.

Terrorism - In the Spotlight: Asbat al-Ansar (Band of Partisans)
Available online at: http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/asbat.cfm
Center for Defense Information Terrorism Project.

Aum Supreme Truth (Aum) Aum Shinrikyo, Aleph

Internet Resources
Aum Shinrikyo
Available online at: http://religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/nrms/aums.html
University of Virginia, Religious Movements Homepage describes the profile and beliefs of the group.

Aum Shinrikyo
Available online at: http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aum_Supreme_Truth
From Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia.

Aum Shinrikyo - Religious Cults and Sects
Available online at: http://www.gospelcom.net/apologeticsindex/a06.html#infoblock
Apologetics Index/CounterCult.comSite exists to document the actions of the Japanese police against the Aum Shinri Kyo..

Aum Supreme Truth
Available online at: http://www.survivalguide.com/aum_supreme_truth.htm
The International Security Group "International Survival Guide" describes the group, its activities, strength, and area of operation.

Aum Supreme Truth (Aum)
Available online at: http://www.terrorismfiles.org/organisations/aum_supreme_truth.html
From terrorismfiles.org.

Aum Supreme Truth (Aum) a.k.a. Aum Shinrikyo
Available online at: http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/aum.htm
Federation of American Scientists site describes the group and its activities.

Barr, Cameron W. No One Likes the New Neighbors. Christian Science Monitor, p.6, Op, February 4, 1999.
Focuses on the Japanese religious group Aum Supreme Truth whose followers released nerve gas in the Tokyo subway in March 1995. How the groups is slowly reconstituting itself; How local residents of Kitamimaki are resisting the group's move into their town; What the group encourages its followers to do; Number of full-time members.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=1502172&db=aph

Butler, Steven. A Doomsday Cult Lives. U.S. News & World Report 126:41 May 31, 1999.
Reports that Japanese police raided four sites connected with the cult known as Aum Supreme Truth. Cult nearly wiped out after its 1995 nerve gas attack on a Tokyo subway; Why the cult is growing bolder and expanding.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=1864485&db=aph

Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA)

Internet Resources
Ambassador Richard Boucher Holds Regular State Department Briefing. FDCH Political Transcripts May 7, 2003.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32V3925347199&db=f5h
Today, the secretary of state is amending the designation under Executive Order 13224 on terrorism financing of Basque Fatherland and Liberty, known as ETA, E-T-A, in order to add the group Batasuna and its two predecessor groups, Euskal Herritarrok and Herri Batasuna. This designation is based on substantial and credible information from a variety of sources that these entities were formed at ETA's direction and functioned as part of ETA.

Basque Fatherland and Liberty (Spain, Separatists)
Available online at: http://www.terrorismanswers.com/groups/eta.html
Terrorism Questions & Answers site describes the group, its targets, and gives a history of its activities.

Basque Fatherland and Liberty Terrorist Financiers February 26, 2002.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/coalition/cr/fs/8849.htm
U.S. Department of State, Department of Treasury Fact Sheet.

Remarks by Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill on New Terrorist Financing Designations U.S., Customs Air and Marine Branch Jacksonville, Florida. FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database February 26, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32W1685703835&db=mth
The Treasury Department has designated 21 more individuals under Executive Order 13224 as financiers of terrorism. These individuals have acted for or on behalf of ETA, also known as the Basque Fatherland and Liberty.

Terrorism - In the Spotlight: Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA)
Available online at: http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/eta.cfm
Center for Defense Information site.

Daly, John C. K. ETA - An Enduring Presence in Spanish Politics. Jane's Terrorism & Security Monitor6-7 June 2003.

Terror in the Pyrenees. Nation 274:20-22 March 25, 2002.
Reports on the group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), or Basque Fatherland and Liberty, which has engaged in terrorist activity in the Basque Country in France and Spain.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6344758&db=aph

Communist Party of Philippines New People's Army (CPP-NPA)

Internet Resources
The Communist Party Of The Philippines/National Democratic Front Network Abroad
Available online at: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/1989/BOG.htm

Designation of a Foreign Terrorist Organization. FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database August 9, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32W0808474328&db=mth
Announced the designation of the Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army (CPP/NPA) as a Foreign Terrorist Organization, as defined under U.S. law.

New People's Army
Available online at: http://www.survivalguide.com/new_people.htm
International Security Group site describes the group, its activities and strength.

Pike, John. New People's Army (NPA)
Available online at: http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/npa.htm
Federation of American Scientists site.

Terrorism - In the Spotlight: The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) December 17, 2002.
Available online at: http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/cpp.cfm
Center for Defense Information site.

Davis, Anthony. NPA Revels Complicate Manila's Counterinsurgency Strategy. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:14-18 June 2003.
Reports on the activities of the Maoist New People's Army which was designated a foreign terrorist organization by the USA in August 2002, after nearly 34 years of inactivity.

Hookway, James. Terrorist Label Helps Rekindle an Aging Movement. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition, 10, p.A8, Op, January 15, 2003.

Mydans, Seth. Communist Revolt is Alive, and Active, in the Philippines. New York Times, p.A3, Op, March 26, 2003.
Reports on the operation of the members of the New People's Army in the Philippines.

The NPA - Dead or Alive? Asiaweek 23:8-9 December 12, 1997.
Focuses on the New People's Army (NPA) and its involvement in violent acts. History of the army; Decrease in the strength of the NPA; Identification of persons who were attacked by the NPA.

Stanmeyer, Anastasia and Lopez, Antonio. Final Showdown Ahead? Asiaweek 25:26 August 13, 1999.
Outlines the relationship of Philippine President Estrada with the New People's Army (NPA). Moves and plans of Estrada in crushing rebellion; Strategy of Estrada in approaching rebellion as compared to his predecessors; Decision of Estrada to terminate talks with the communists; Crimes committed by the NPA against military men.

Domestic Groups

Internet Resources
American Militant Extremists (United States, Radicals) What is Right-Wing Domestic Terrorism?
Available online at: http://www.terrorismanswers.org/groups/american2.html
Terrorism Questions & Answers site.

Animal Liberation Front
Available online at: http://www.animalliberationfront.com/
Their home page explains their credo, platform and history.

Animal Liberation Frontline Information Service
Available online at: http://www.animalliberation.net/index2.shtml

Daniels, Deborah J. The Challenge of Domestic Terrorism to American Criminal Justice. Corrections Today December 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8596581&db=aph
Focuses on the challenge posed by domestic terrorism to the administration of criminal justice in the U.S. Discusses the need for criminal justice practitioners to be aware of the link between terrorism and crimes such as drug trafficking.

Earth Liberation Front.com
Available online at: http://www.earthliberationfront.com/main.shtml
Contains press releases of the group's actions, library and diary of actions.

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals PETA
Available online at: http://www.peta.org/
Their homepage has links to their actions and other PETA sites.

Chermak, Steven M. Searching for a Demon: The Media Construction of the Militia Movement. Boston, MA, Northeastern University Press, 2002. 272 p.
Book call no.: 322.42 C521s

Levitas, Daniel. The Terrorist Next Door: The Militia Movement and the Radical Right. New York, Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin's Press, 2002. 520 p.
Book call no.: 322.420973 L666t

Elvin, John. Another Twist in Animal-Rights Controversy. Insight on the News 18:35 May 6, 2002.
Clarifies a statement made by the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine on ecology terror groups. Cause of the problem; Accusations of the Center for Consumer Freedom.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6578344&db=f5h

Higgins, Sean. The Terrorist Tactics of Radical Environmentalists. Insight on the News 18:44-45 April 22, 2002.
Investigates the terrorist tactics of radical environmentalists Earth Liberation Front (ELF) and the Animal Liberation Front (ALF). Organization that supports ALF and ELF; Overview of crimes committed by the organizations; Reasons for the limited success of law enforcement officials in finding ecoterrorists.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6610165&db=f5h

Knickerbocker, Brad. In U.S., a Rise in Violent Environmental Tactics. Christian Science Monitor, 213, p.1, Op, September 26, 2002.
Discusses domestic terrorism, which the FBI says is the most serious type of terrorism in the country today - involves radical environmentalists and animal-rights activists, some of whom now vow that they "will no longer hesitate to pick up the gun to implement justice...."
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7394158&db=aph

Malkin, Michelle. Antiwar Greens Given Orders to use 'Any Means Necessary.' Insight on the News 19:51 April 15, 2003.
Comments on the urge given by Craig Rosenbraugh, former spokesman of the Earth Liberation Front (ELF), on radicals to wage an outright acts of terror in an effort to demonstrate their opposition to the 2003 Iraqi War. Reputation of ELF as a militant group.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9506205&db=f5h

Richardson, Valerie. FBI Targets Domestic Terrorists. Insight on the News 18:30-33 April 22, 2002.
Deals with the effect of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the outlook of U.S. citizens for the organizations Earth Liberation Front and Animal Liberation Front. Acts of ecoterrorism; List of environmental groups that condemn ecoterrorism; Comparison between ecoterrorism and the al-Qaeda.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6610158&db=f5h

HAMAS (Islamic Resistance Movement)

Internet Resources
Chance, Matthew. Hamas: A Study in Contrasts June 26, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/meast/06/26/hamas/index.html
A CNN.com special report.

Ephron, Dan and Zedan, Samir. Staking its Claim. Newsweek (Atlantic Edition) February 17, 2003.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9122030&db=f5h
With Yasir Arafat isolated in Ramallah, the hard-line HAMAS faction aims to take over Palestinian leadership. With despair radicalizing Palestinians across the West Bank and Gaza Strip in Jerusalem, HAMAS is beginning to dominate the political agenda.

HAMAS (Islamic Resistance Movement)
Available online at: http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/hamas.htm
Federation of American Scientists site.

MidEast Web Historical Documents: The Covenant of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) August 18, 1988.
Available online at: http://www.mideastweb.org/hamas.htm

Not Gone but Still Forgotten, the Old War Rages on. MEED: Middle East Economic Digest March 14, 2003.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9460634&db=bsh&tg=AN
Focuses on the conflict in the Middle East as of March 2003. War between Israel and Palestine; Overview of the political situation in Israel; Information on the political activity of the Islam militant group HAMAS.

Notice: Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to Sudan. FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database October 30, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32W3857270766&db=mth
On November 3, 1997, by Executive Order 13067, the President declared a national emergency with respect to Sudan pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706) to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States constituted by the actions and policies of the Government of Sudan, including continuing concern about the presence and activities of certain terrorist groups, including HAMAS and Palestinian Islamic Jihad, and the prevalence of human rights violations, including slavery, restrictions on religious freedom, and restrictions on political freedom.

Rees, Matt and Hamad, Jamil. Sharon/Rantisi. Time Atlantic December 30, 2001-January 6, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8788499&db=aph
Focuses on Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and on Abdel Aziz Rantisi, leader of the Islamic militant group HAMAS.

Terrorist Crisis? What Terrorists? What Crisis? Report/Newsmagazine (National Edition) September 2, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7273824&db=aph
Reports on the release of a list of banned terrorist organizations by the Canadian government. Passage of a bill known as the Anti-Terrorism Act; High-profile terror groups which were not included on the list, such as HAMAS and Hezbollah; Question of the status of the Tamil Tigers of Sri Lanka; Idea that the Liberal government is supportive of forces against Israel.

Who are Hamas? October 19, 2000.
Available online at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/978626.stm
BBC News Online.

Alexander, Yonah. Palestinian Religious Terrorism: Hamas and Islamic Jihad. Ardsley, NY, Transnational Publishers, Inc, 2002.
Book call no.: 322.42095694 A379p

Alexander, Yonah. Terrorism in the Name of God. World & I 17:38-43 October 2002.
Focuses on two major theological Arab terrorist groups, HAMAS and Palestinian Islamic Jihad, which pose a serious challenge to the security interests of the United States and its allies. Discussion on Palestinian theological terrorism; Brief history of Palestinian Islamic Jihad.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7569589&db=f5h

Bennet, James. HAMAS Urges Iraqis to Make Suicide Attacks on the Invaders. New York Times,  p.B13, Op, March 22, 2003.
Reports that the Palestinian armed group HAMAS is urging Iraqis to use suicide as a weapon against invading troops, as Muslim preachers in the Gaza Strip inveighed against war in Iraq.

Bennett, James. Israel Pulls back from Peace Plan after 4 Attacks. New York Times,  p.A1, Op, May 29, 2003.
Reports that Middle East peace efforts stalled after four Palestinian attacks in Israel. Background on the attacks, which appeared to be the work of HAMAS militants.

The Bloodied Map. New Republic 228:7 June 2, 2003.
The Palestinian security apparatus leader is Mohammed Dahlan, who is serious about destroying the military capabilities of HAMAS and Islamic Jihad.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9894195&db=aph

Bloody Still. Maclean's 115:18 October 21, 2002.
Reports that a Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at a bus stop in Tel Aviv, Israel. Claim of responsibility by the militant group HAMAS. Power struggle between HAMAS and Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7545515&db=aph

Dolnik, Adam and Bhattacharjee, Anjali. Hamas: Suicide Bombings, Rockets, or WMD? Terrorism and Political Violence 14:109-128 Autumn 2002.
"This article presents suicide bombings, missiles and chemical weapons as possible tactical options for HAMAS, and discusses the possible costs and benefits of the individual options as they pertain to the movements's long-term and short-term objectives."

Gaouette, Nicole and Lynfield, Ben. Israel Fights to Dismantle HAMAS. Christian Science Monitor, 95, p.6, Op, March 6, 2003.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9216643&db=aph

Goodman, Hirsh. Blood on a Road Map. Maclean's 116:39-40 June 2, 2003.
Iran, by supplying HAMAS with weapons and cash, and Palestinian President Yasser Arafat, are behind the recent attacks in Israel. Iran, because it does not want American policy to advance; Arafat, because he wants the new Palestinian prime minister and his own de facto successor, Mahmoud Abbas, to fail.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9864637&db=aph

HAMAS goes Global. Time 161:21 May 26, 2003.
Reports that the radical Islamists of HAMAS have cultivated an extensive network of operatives in the West Bank and Gaza. Worldwide expansion of the group; How HAMAS is unlikely to stop attacking Israel.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9769803&db=aph

Hammer, Joshua. Good Fences Make... Newsweek 141:32-34 June 9, 2003.
Discusses the outlook for relations between Israelis and Palestinians and a cease-fire in the Middle East, in light of a summit meeting between United States President George W. Bush, Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9921498&db=aph

Kagan, Mark. The Three Rs of Hamas: Revenge, Reprisal, Retaliation. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 30, no.11:24+ 2002.

Neff, Donald. Israel Created Two of its Own Worst Enemies - HAMAS and Hezbollah. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 21:Nn20-21 November 2002.
Focuses on the emergence of the militant Islamic factions Hezbollah and HAMAS in Israel.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7568139&db=aph

Philps, Alan. HAMAS on Top. Spectator 290:24-25 October 12, 2002.
Focuses on the increase in popularity of the Islamic terrorist group HAMAS in Palestine. Focus on HAMAS leader Abdel-Aziz Rantisi; Background on the Israeli military's campaign against HAMAS; Losses suffered by HAMAS.

Pope, Hugh. HAMAS Official Won't Rule out Suicide Bombings. Wall Street Journal, 77, p.A10, Op, April 21, 2003.
Reports on the refusal of Mousa Abu Marzouq, a member of the political bureau that runs HAMAS in Syria, to rule out suicide bombings in an effort to achieve peace in the Middle East as of April 21, 2003.

Porter, Anna. A World of Fear and Horror. Maclean's 115:17-19 August 5, 2002.
Reflects on conflict over the city of Jerusalem between Israelis and Palestinians. Origins of pro-Palestinian and anti-Israeli sentiments in the world; Deaths caused by suicide bombers in the city; Encouragement of suicide bombers by HAMAS and the Palestinian Authority.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7067709&db=aph

Powell, Sara. A Chronology of U.S.-Middle East Relations. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 21:97-101 December 2002.
Presents a chronology of U.S.-Middle East relation compiled as of December 2002. Agreement of the U.S. Defense Department to fund covert operations by dissident Iraqi National Congress; Accusations levelled by U.S. Senators Lieberman and Specter on Iran, Iraq, Syria and Saudi Arabia for funding Islamic group HAMAS.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8832600&db=aph

Rees, Matt. A New Fear for Israel. Time 160:13 July 22, 2002.
Indicates that the Lebanese Shi'ite militia, Hizballah, has limited its involvement in the Arab-Israeli violence of the intifadeh to training Palestinians from other terrorist groups like HAMAS and Islamic Jihad and helping build their military capability.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6965944&db=aph

Rees, Matt and Hamad, Jamil. Terrorism's New Backers. Time 160:25 November 25, 2002.
Reports that the HAMAS and Islamic Jihad, radical Islamic groups, are funding the terrorist attacks in Israel.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8499677&db=aph

Roy, Sara. HAMAS and the Transformation(s) of Political Islam in Palestine. Current History 102:13-21 January 2002.
Focuses on the political and social transformations in the Islamic movement in Palestine. Influence of HAMAS on Islamic countries; Factors contributing to the weakening of HAMAS; Relation between Israel and HAMAS.

Schanzer, Jonathan. The Challenge of HAMAS to Fatah. Middle East Quarterly 10:29-39 Spring 2003.
Focuses on the conflict between Fatah, the leading faction backing Yasir Arafat's Palestinian Authority, and HAMAS, the leading Islamist opposition.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9362852&db=aph

Seymour, Richard. The Polemics of Peace. Middle East 333:28-29 April 2003.
Reports on the Islamic resistance movement HAMAS in Palestine. Nature of the religious movement.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9481769&db=aph

Thriving in the Flames. Economist 365:44-45 October 12, 2002.
Discusses the strength of the Islamist group HAMAS in Israel.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7511315&db=aph

Timmerman, Kenneth. HAMAS Fund-Raisers Active in Canada According to FBI Report. Insight on the News 18:6 September 16, 2002.
Reports on the findings of a report from the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation that terrorist group HAMAS has been operating and raising funds in Canada since 1993. Factors which enable terrorist groups to operate in Canada; Estimated amount of funds raised by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam in North America annually; Introduction of the C-36 Anti-Terrorism Bill in October 2001.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7343157&db=f5h

Weisman, Steven R. Powell Asks Arabs to Help Rein in Palestinian Militants. New York Times,  p.A10, Op, May 13, 2003.
Reports that U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell has asked for support for a crackdown on HAMAS and other militant groups by the Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas.

Harakat ul-Mujahedeen (HUM)

Internet Resources
Attack Update. CongressDaily October 24, 2001.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5424647&db=aph
Reports on the death of Pakistani militant fighters in a United States attack on Kabul, Afghanistan. Death of several senior commanders of the Harakat ul-Mujahedeen; Information on the militant group.

Harakat ul-Mujahideen (HUM)
Available online at: http://www.terrorismfiles.org/organisations/harakat_ul-mujahideen.html
From terrorism files.org. Gives other names used, description, activities and sources of funding.

Terrorism - In the Spotlight: Harakat ul-Mujaheddin (HuM) July 9, 2002.
Available online at: http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/harakat.cfm
Center for Defense Information gives information on the foundation and history, goals and doctrine, operating methods, and leadership of the group.

Kremmer, Christopher. Hijackers Wage their Holy War. Christian Science Monitor, 23, p.1, Op, December 27, 1999.
Gives information on the group Harakat ul-Mujahideen, which hijacked an Indian Airlines passenger jet, and discusses the group's history of terrorism.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=2620428&db=aph

Pakistan Shuts down Militant Group. New York Times, p.B5, Op, September 30, 2001.
Reports on the shutdown of the militant and terrorist organization Harakat ul-Mujahedeen by Pakistan on September 29, 2001.


Internet Resources
Eyewitness: Meeting Hezbollah Fighters
Available online at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/733678.stm
BBC News.

Hamad, Jamil. Hizballah's Henchmen. Time Atlantic November 4, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7709791&db=aph
Profiles Lieutenant Colonel Omar al-Hayeb, the alleged spy found in the Israeli military. Information he passed on to Hizballah, a Lebanese fundamentalist group.

Hezbollah Turns Up The Volume April 18, 2003.
Available online at: http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/04/17/eveningnews/main549876.shtml
CBS News.

Van Biema, David. Why the Bombers Keep Coming. Time Atlantic December 17, 2001.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5717911&db=aph
Focuses on the increasing numbers of Islamic suicide bombers. Use of suicide bombings by the Shi'ite Muslim extremist group Hizballah of Lebanon and during the Iran-Iraq war; Concept of martyrdom behind suicide bombing; Popularity among members of HAMAS and Islamic Jihad.

Ackerman, Spencer. Rough Trade. New Republic 228:15-17 January 13, 2003.
While terrorist group Hezbollah appears to be preparing for battle against the United States, the U.S. is not preparing for battle against it.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8827224&db=aph

Blanche, E. Hizbullah Steps Up Secret War Against Israel. Jane's Terrorism & Security Monitor1-2 November 2002.

Brownfeld, A. Terrorists in the Triple Frontier. Jane's Terrorism & Security Monitor12-14 February 2003.

Brownfeld, A. USA Eyes Hizbullah Potential. Jane's Terrorism & Security Monitor14-16 June 2003.

Burger, Timothy and Waller, Douglas. After Troops, Terror. Time 161:21 April 14, 2003.
Reports that U.S. intelligence has been picking up indications that Muslim extremists from Islamic Jihad, Hizballah and other terrorist organizations are entering Iran from Iraq, Syria and Jordan.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9468538&db=aph

Elliott, Michael. So, Who's Next? Time 161:58-59 April 21, 2003.
Discusses the possibility of an assault by the U.S. on Hizballah camps in Syria; Speculation that weapons of mass destruction were moved from Iraq to Syria, and that Iraqi scientist have fled to Syria.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9505478&db=aph

Kahwaji, Riad. Interview (with) Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah, Secretary-General of Hizbollah. Defense News 18:38 February 17, 2003.

Rees, Matt. A New Fear for Israel. Time 160:13 July 22, 2002.
Indicates that the Lebanese Shi'ite militia, Hizballah, has limited its involvement in the Arab-Israeli violence of the intifadeh to training Palestinians from other terrorist groups like HAMAS and Islamic Jihad and helping build their military capability.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6965944&db=aph

Schbley, Ayla Hammond. Torn Between God, Family, and Money: The Changing Profile of Lebanon's Religious Terrorists. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 23:175-196 July-September 2000.
Article argues that Hezbullah in Lebanon, an organization originally established as a religious network with narrowly defined politico-socioeconomic goals, has eroded.

Strindberg, Anders. Assessing the Hizbullah Threat. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:24-27 March 2003.
Hizbullah is high on the list of U.S. targets in the war against terror. This article argues that the group is not linked to al-Qaeda and avoids conflict with the U.S.

Strindberg, Anders and Warn, Mats. Syria Retains Ties with Hizbullah Despite US Pressure for Change. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:22-245 June 2003.

Venter, A. USA Takes Tough Line Against Hizbullah. Jane's Terrorism & Security Monitor7-10 May 2003.

Wehrey, Frederic M. A Clash of Wills: Hizballah's Psychological Campaign Against Israel in South Lebanon. Small Wars and Insurgencies 13:53-74 Autumn 2002.
"Analyzes Hizballah's war against Israel in south Lebanon as a psychological contest where public opinion, perception, and persuasion were the real determinants of victory."

Ziad, Homayra. Hezbollah-Terrorist Group or Political Party? Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 22:72 May 2003.
Lebanese Ambassador Farid Abboud expressed no doubt that the continued branding of Hezbollah as a terrorist organization is solely a political decision, inspired by its successful and legitimate campaign against Israeli occupation.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9660509&db=aph

Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)

Internet Resources
Burgess, Mark. Terrorism - Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)
Available online at: http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/imu.cfm
Center for Defense Information.

Caryl, Christian. In the Hot Zone. Newsweek (Atlantic Edition) October 8, 2001.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5312816&db=f5h
Focuses on Juma Namangani and his guerrilla group, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU).; Namangani's goal of leading an Islamic revolution in formerly Soviet Central Asia; How money from drug trafficking has bought weapons for the IMU; Background on Namangani, including his relationship with Osama bin Laden.

Conant, Eve. Radicals in Retreat. Newsweek (Atlantic Edition) September 16, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7405017&db=f5h
Reports on the status of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), a Central Asian offshoot of Al Qaeda. Death of Juma Namangani, leader of the IMU; Members; Guerrilla attacks; IMU participation in Taliban fighting against the Northern Alliance; Effects on the IMU of U.S. bombings in Afghanistan; IMU zealots in Iran, Tajikistand and Pakistan; Dangers of a disorganized IMU; Efforts by Tahir Yuldash to revitalize the IMU movement; Similarities between Yuldash and Osama bin Laden.

Islamic Movement Of Uzbekistan Controls Drug Traffic To Central Asia, Special Services Say May 30, 2001.
Available online at: http://english.pravda.ru/cis/2001/05/30/6301.html
Article from Pravda RU.

Redesignation of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan as a Foreign Terrorist Organization September 25, 2002.
Available online at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2002/13708.htm
U.S. Department of State press statement.

Bivens, Matt. Rights Groups Fear Price of US-Uzbek Alliance. Christian Science Monitor, 235, p.13, Op, October 30, 2001.
Focuses on the Uzbekistan government policy against Muslims whom it fears will incite an insurgency with the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, and how the country has benefitted from its antiterrorism alliance with the United States.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5421881&db=aph

Caryl, Christian. Collateral Victory. Washington Monthly 34:21-28 November 2002.
Assesses the presence of U.S. forces in Central Asia as of November 2002. Impact of the destruction of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan on the political and military power of the U.S.; Failure of the U.S. to fulfill its role as guarantor of peace and stability in Central Asia; Deal offered by Central Asian leaders to the U.S.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7713726&db=aph

Chivers, C. J. Uzbek Militants' Decline Provides Clues to U.S. New York Times, p.A15, Op, October 8, 2002.
Focuses on the decline of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, a militant group in Uzbekistan financed by terrorist Osama bin Laden.

Gao, Quifu. Terrorist Forces Resurge in Central Asia. Beijing Review 45:7-9 August 22, 2002.
Discusses the increase in the number of terrorists in Central Asia in 2002. Belief that the terrorists have allied with local terrorist forces; Re-assembly of members of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) in regions bordering Uzbekistan and Tajikistan; Prediction of armed attacks against administrative and military facilities; Anti-government activities of the Hizb ut-Tahrir in Kyrgyzstan.

Kazemi, Leila. Domestic Sources of Uzbekistan's Foreign Policy. Journal of International Affairs 56:205-217 Spring 2003.
Explores the three pillars of Islam. Karimov's approach to handling the state-building enterprise and the political, economic and social transitions accompanying independence in Uzbekistan: Pursuit of sovereignty; Political stability; Emergence of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan; Version of gradualism introduced by Karimov to confront the need for economic reform.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9535296&db=aph

Khatchadourian, Raffi. Letter from Uzbekistan. Nation 274:18-20 January 21, 2002.
Overview on the establishment of Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5902839&db=aph

Rashid, Ahmed. They're only Sleeping. New Yorker 77:34-42 January 14, 2001.
Details the history of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU). Terrorist acts committed by IMU; Impact of the movement's presence on the national security of the country; Efforts of the government and Central Asian countries to control the IMU and other terrorist movements in the area.

Spector, Regine A. Central Asia: More than Islamic Extremists. Washington Quarterly 25:193-207 Winter 2002.
Reports the integral participation of Central Asian republics in the U.S. campaign against terrorism. Launch of insurgencies by the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan in the republic; Consequences brought by the rise of the Taliban government for Central Asia; Economic conditions in Central Asia.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=5849864&db=aph

Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM)

Internet Resources
Available online at: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/jem.htm
From GlobalSecurity.org. Lists conflicts and gives description of activities.

Jaish-E-Mohammed (JEM): A Backgrounder March 10, 2001.
Available online at: http://www.saag.org/papers4/paper332.html
South Asia Analysis Group.

Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM) (Army of Mohammed) April 2001.
Available online at: http://www.publicfigure.com/jaish.html
U.S. Department of State.

Terrorism - Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM) April 8, 2002.
Available online at: http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/jem-pr.cfm
Center for Defense Information.

Klaidman, Daniel. A Murder Most Foul. Newsweek 139:24-25 March 4, 2002.
Discusses the abduction and murder of 'Wall Street Journal' reporter Daniel Pearl by Pakistani terrorists, and the demands that were made by the anti-Semitic Islamic terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=6204023&db=aph

Jemaah Islamiya (JI)

Internet Resources
Designation of a Foreign Terrorist Organization. FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database October 23, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=32W3107277803&db=mth
Announces the designation of the Jemaah Islamiya Organization (JI), which was founded by Abdullah Sungkar, as a Foreign Terrorist Organization under Executive Order 13224.

Feizkhah, Elizabeth. Slaughter of Innocents. Time South Pacific October 21, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7567239&db=f5h
Reports on a terrorist bombing of a nightclub in Bali; Effects of the blasts; U.S. accusation of Indonesia for their reluctance to crack down on Islamic extremists; Fundamentalist group Jemaah Islamiya; Fear of bankruptcy in Bali.

Sindayen, Nelly. Philippines: High Tension. Time South Pacific December 2, 2002.
Available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=8588756&db=f5h
Reports on concerns of the Philippine president about terrorism and of the security measures taken in the Philippines. Discusses the idea that the Philippines is being targeted by Jemaah Islamiah.

State Department Adds Jemaah Islamiya to Foreign Terrorist List October 23, 2002.
Available online at: http://www.usconsulate.org.hk/usinfo/terror/2002/102301.htm
News release from the U.S. State Department.

State's Taylor Calls Jemaah Islamiya Terrorist Group November 8, 2002.
Available online at: http://usinfo.state.gov/topical/pol/terror/02111203.htm
U.S. State Department announcement.

An Ace in the Hole. Economist 367:35-36 April 26, 2003.
Reports that, after months of procrastination, in 2003, Indonesia's campaign against the ringleaders of Islamic terrorism in South-East Asia has finally reached the courts. Abu Bakar Basyir, an Islamic cleric of al-Qaeda's regional arm, Jemaah Islamiah (JI), went on trial on April 23rd for treason and immigration offences.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9620016&db=aph

Evans, Richard. Singapore Reports on Jemaah Islamiah. Jane's Intelligence Review 15:24-25 February 2003.

Jemaah Islamiah Cell in Australia. Far Eastern Economic Review 165:8 October 24, 2002.
Reports on the Jemaah Islamiah terrorist group in Asia. Discovery of a cell in Australia; involvement of the group in bomb attacks and location of several units.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=7737782&db=f5h

Kahane Chai (Kach)

Internet Resources
Jewish Extremism
Available online at: http://www.fpa.org/newsletter_info2478/newsletter_info_sub_list.htm?section=Jewish%20Extremism
Foreign Policy Association.

Kach Kahane Chai
Available online at: http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/kach.htm
Federation of American Scientists give various names used, description, activities and strength of the group.

The Official Kehane Web Site
Available online at: http://www.kehane.org
Access may be blocked from .mil computers.

Haberman, Clyde. Israel Votes ban on Jewish Groups Linked to Kahane. New York Times,  p.A1, March 14, 1994.
States that the Israeli government outlawed two radical Jewish groups, Kach and Kahane Chai, that are rooted in the Arab-hating doctrine of the late Rabbi Meir Kahane. Some leaders already jailed; Those who remain free vowing to go underground.

Masland, Tom and Beals, Gregory. Exporting Extremism. Newsweek 126:47 November 27. 1995.
Focuses on the efforts to prevent United States Jews from backing militants in Israel. The US Treasury seizing only about $300 under the executive order banning fund raising for the right-wing Israeli groups Kach and Kahane Chai.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9511297734&db=aph

Murphy, Dean E. Terror Label no Hindrance to Anti-Arab Jewish Group. New York Times, p.A1, Op, December 19, 2000.
Provides information on the dinner held by the son of Rabbi Meir David Kahane, Binyamin Kahane; How the Kahane Fund supports political and religious activities in Israel, including the organizations Kach and Kahane Chai, which were outlawed in Israel as terrorist groups.

Silver, Eric. Zealots on the Right. Maclean's 108:74 November 20, 1995.
Looks at the Israeli extremist fringe behind the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin. Kach, founded by the late Rabbi Meir Kahane; Kahane Chai, founded by Kahane's son, Binyamin; The Gush Emunim movement; The predominant doctrine for Israel's radicals; Estimated strength of the extremist fringe; Comments on Yigal Amir and Avishai Raviv.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=9512047737&db=aph

Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK KADEK)

Internet Resources
Kurdistan Workers Party April 2001.
Available online at: http://www.publicfigure.com/kurdistan-workers-party.html
U.S. Department of State.

Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)
Available online at: http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/pkk.htm
Federation of American Scientists site.

Party Program of The Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) July 17, 2000.
Available online at: http://www.kurdishlibrary.org/Kurdish_Library/SvenskaKB/Organisations_SWE/PKK_Eng.html

Gunter, Michael M. The Continuing Kurdish Problem in Turkey after O'calan's Capture. Third World Quarterly 21:849-870 October 2000.
Turkey's capture of Abdullah (Apo) Ícalan in Nairobi, Kenya on 16 February 1999, far from ending the odyssey of the longtime leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), has led to a process of continuing implicit bargaining between the Turkish government and the PKK that holds out the hope of a win-win result for all the parties involved. Turkey's EU candidacy, future democratisation and economic success have all become involved with the stay of Ícalan's execution and the continuing Kurdish problem.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=3971428&db=aph

Kinzer, Stephen. Kurdish Rebels' Bid to enter Turkish Politics Wins a Supporter. New York Times, p.A5, op, February 26, 2000.
Reports that a politician in Turkey suggested that Kurdish rebels should be allowed to transform their guerrilla army into a political army. Reaction of Turkish leaders on the possibility of a place for the rebel Kurdistan Workers Party; Tension between the government and supporters of Kurdish nationalism; Charges filed against Ahmet Turan Demir for allegedly supporting terrorism.

Kinzer, Stephen. Kurdish Rebels Tell Turkey They are Ending Their War. New York Times,  p.A14, Op, February 10, 2000.
Focuses on the announcement of the Kurdish rebels led by Abdullah Ocalan that they had given up their war against the government of Turkey. Statement issued by Kurdistan Workers Party; Court sentence against Ocalan; Interpretation of the government authorities on the word Kurdistan.

Kinzer, Stephen. Mass Graves in Turkey put Attention on Terror Cell. New York Times, p.9, Op, January 23, 2000.
Reports the discovery of four bodies believed to be victims of the militant Islamic group, Hezbollah, in the central Turkish town of Konya on January 21, 2000. Similarities between the Hezbollah based in Turkey and the Hezbollah based in Lebanon; Implication of the publicized mystery killings in Turkey; Fight between the Hezbollah and the Kurdistan Workers Party.

Scott. Kurdish Peace: Hanging in the Balance. Middle East 297:5-7 January 2000.
Reports on the Kurdistan Workers Party's (PKK) offer of ceasefire to the Turkish government in 1999. Developments that indicate a change in PKK policy; Reaction of the government to the offer; Change in the military's approach to the Kurdish issue; Varying response to the PKK peace initiative amongst Turkey's Kurdish population; Criticisms against the peace offer.
Also available online at: http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?an=2668902&db=aph

Turkey. Middle East Journal 56:700-701 Autumn 2002.
Reports on the developments in Turkey's regional affairs from April 2001 to July 2002. Changes implemented by the Kurdistan Workers' Party; Decision of the government to hold talks with Israel and Palestine; Decline of Turkey's currency.

Turkish Group to Join EU List of Terrorists. Wall Street Journal, 84, p.A6, Op, May 1, 2002.
Reports that the European Union is planning to designate Kurdistan Workers' Party in Turkey as a terrorist group as of May 2002.

Table of Contents | Internet Resources | The Threat: Terrorist Groups, A-K  | The Threat: Terrorist Groups, L-W | Current American Trends | Current Global Trends | War on Terrorism

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