VENEZUELA


April 2008

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD web site.

Some materials listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed on April 7, 2008.


General Information


Internet Resources

Background Note:  Venezuela.  U.S. Department of State, October 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35766.htm

BBC News.  Country Profile:  Venezuela
Available online at:  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/country_profiles/1229345.stm

Central Intelligence Agency.  The World Factbook:  Venezuela
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ve.html

Embassy of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in the United States of America
Available online at:  http://www.embavenez-us.org/

FAS - Federation of American Scientists
Available online at:  http://www.fas.org/main/home.jsp
Access numerous country-related reports by doing a topic search.

LANIC - Latin American Network Information Center
Available online at:  http://www1.lanic.utexas.edu/la/venezuela/
LANIC's mission is to facilitate access to Internet-based information to, from, or on Latin America, includes sections on the economy, education, society and culture, government, and media.

Latin News/Latin American Intelligence Service
Available online at:  http://aulibrary.maxwell.af.mil/dbases.htm#latin
AU Library subscription database, access restricted to Air University students, faculty and staff.  A source of intelligence on political and economic developments in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection.  Venezuela Maps
Available online at:  http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/venezuela.html
Includes country, city and thematic maps for Venezuela.

Political Resources on the Net
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/
Offers listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to parties, organizations, governments, and media.

U.S. Department of State.  Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/wha/
Offers information on regional topics, the U.S. and the Organization of American States, and individual country information.


Books

Buckman, Robert T.  Latin America.  41st ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 2007.  1 vol.
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, pp 342-362.
Book call no.:  R 918 D157L 41st ed. 2007

Goodwin, Paul B.  Global Studies.  Latin America.  12th ed.  McGraw-Hill, Dubuque, IA,  2007.  1 vol.
See, Venezuela, pp 110-115 and "The Chavez Challenge:  Venezuela's Leader Is a Regional Nuisance" an article by Mark Falcoff, pp 215-218.
Book call no.:  R 980 G562 12th ed. 2007

Latin American Monitor:  Andean Group.  London, Latin American Monitor Ltd., 2008.  1 vol.
"Business Monitor International's monthly regional report on political risk and macroeconomic prospects."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  R 980.005 L357 no. 3

South America, Central America and the Caribbean 2008.  London, Europa Publications Ltd., 2007.  1 vol.
Includes information on geography, history and economy, see Venezuela, pp 914-951.
Book call no.:  R 980.003 S726 16th ed. 2008


Defense and Security Aspects



Internet Resource

Wilson, Peter.  Alarm over Chavez's Military BuildupBuisness Week Online March 14, 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31319458&site=ehost-live


Books

Forecast International/DMS.  International Military Markets:  Latin America & Caribbean.  Newtown, CT, Forecast International/DMS, January 2008.  1 vol.
Includes a section on force structure.
Book call no.:  R 338.476234 F7141

Jane's Information Group.  Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment South America.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2008.  720 p.
Sections on security, political leadership, geography, natural resources, infrastructure, internal affairs and external affairs; see pp 631-697.
Also available online at:  http://www.janesonline.com
Book call no.:  R 980 J33 iss 22 2008

The Military Balance 2008.  London, International Institute for Strategic Studies, February 2008.  1 vol.
"A comprehensive and independent assessment of the military capability of 170 nations, and a reference work on developments in global military affairs."--Abstract from publication.  See Venezuela pp 96-98.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2008


Periodicals

Anderson, Guy.  Venezuela's Arms Purchases from Russia Could Reach $3bn.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:22 August 9, 2006.
"Reports on the defense agreements between Venezuela and Russia which is projected to reach almost $3 billion."

Boese, Wade.  Latin American Arms Sales Moving Forward.  Arms Control Today 36:39 March 2006.
"Reports on the plan of the Spanish government to proceed with arms sales to Venezuela."

Briefing:  Latin American Air Forces.  Jane's Defence Weekly 37:23-27 March 13, 2002.
Current assessment and procurement plans for the Venezuelan Air Force.

Brookes, Peter.  Venezuelan Vagaries:  Chavez Is Flush with Oil Money and Eager to Spend It on Weapons.  Armed Forces Journal 144:12-14+ July 2007.

Defending Venezuela.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:66 2007.
"Alberto Muller Rojas explains the future of Caracas' military tactics."--Abstract from publication.

Guevara, Inigo.  Socialism:  Alive and Well in the New Venezuela.  Jane's Defence Weekly 44:38 October 3, 2007.

Harrington, Caitlin.  Venezuela Plans to Build Its Own Military Aircraft.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:8 December 13, 2006.
"Reports on plans by the Venezuelan Air Force to build a new manufacturing facility for its own military aircraft in 2006."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=23530807&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Higuera, Jose.  Venezuela Certain over Contract for Su-30 Acquisition.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:8 July 12, 2006.
"Reports on the confirmation of the acquisition of Sukhoi Su-30 fighter bombers by Venezuela from Rosoboronexport."

Higuera, Jose.  Venezuela Turns to Antonov.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:6 November 8, 2006.
"Reports on the move of Venezuela to purchase Autonov An-70 transport aircraft in Russia."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=23134287&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lok, Joris Janssen.  Thales Deal Helps Thaw Dutch-Venezuelan Relations.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:43 July 19, 2006.
"Reports on the $242 million deal signed by Netherlands-based Thales Nederland BV (TN) and Navantia, a contractor of eight Venezuelan warships, making TN the supplier of combat systems electronic equipment for the warships."

Lok, Joris Janssen.  Venezuelans, Dutch to Link Up for Naval Exercise.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:10 April 26, 2006.
"Reports on the joint naval exercise of Venezuela and the Netherlands in the Caribbean."

Matthews, William.  U.S. Holds Up Sale of C-295s to Venezuela.  Defense News 20:1+ October 24, 2005.
Available online in Access Military, Government News database.

McDermott, Jeremy.  First Three of 15 Mi-17s Enter Service with Venezuela.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:8 April 19, 2006.
"Reports on the arrival of three Venezuelan Mi-17V-5 medium-lift helicopters, as part of the country's preparation for potential U.S. invasion."

Nunez, Elizabeth.  Civil Soldiers.  New Internationalist No. 390:10-11 June 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21111684&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Vogel, Ben and Novichkov, Nikolai.  Venezuela Seals Deal for Russian Fighters, Helos.  Jane's Defence Weekly 43:6 August 2, 2006.
"Reports on the deal made by the Venezuelan government with Russia to purchase several Su-30MK2 multirole fighter aircraft and helicopters."

Wertheim, Eric.  Combat Fleets.  U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 132:92 June 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21087396&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Economic and Social Aspects


Internet Resources

Country Analysis Briefs:  Venezuela.  U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, September 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Venezuela/pdf.pdf

Gould, Jens Erik.  Venezuelan Citizens Train to Fight U.S. "Invasion".  World & I 21:3 February 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21413877&site=ehost-live
"Focuses on the efforts of the Venezuelan government under the administration of President Hugo Chavez to increase the country's military reserves to deter any invasion by the U.S."

Hearn, Kelly.  South America Set for Al Jazeera-Style TV.  World & I 21:14 March 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21433252&site=ehost-live
"Announces a Venezuelan-backed TV network modeled after Al Jazeera to begin broadcasts throughout South America."

O'Grady, Mary Anastasia.  Americas:  Desperado.  Wall Street Journal, p A14, February 4, 2008.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1423215491&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

South American Leaders Sign Accord on $10 Billion Pipeline.  Underground Construction 61:7 March 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=20289432&site
"Reports on the proposed construction of a pipeline to transport gas from Venezuela to Argentina via Brazil and Uruguay."

Venezuela.  The World Factbook June 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ve.html
Country information gathered by the CIA, includes sections on geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues.

Watkins, Eric.  Venezuela Sounds off Against ExxonMobil.  Oil & Gas Journal 106:34-35 February 18, 2008.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1432860161&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Whalen, Christopher.  Venezuela's Oil Trap.  The International Economy 21:58-61 Spring 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1284672851&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD


Periodicals

Albert, Michael.  Double Vision.  New Internationalist No. 390:14-15 June 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21111686&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Briscoe, Ivan.  The Spoils of Oil.  New Internationalist No. 390:8-9 June 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21111683&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ceaser, Mike.  Venezuela Threatens to Nationalize Education.  Chronicle of Higher Education 54:A37 October 12, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27141603&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Chavez Supporters Storm Archdiocesan Offices.  America 198:6 March 17, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=tfh&AN=31228741&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Davies, Vanessa.  'The Cuban Stays!'  New Internationalist No. 390:6-7 June 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21111682&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ellner, Steve.  Toward a 'Multipolar World':  Using Oil Diplomacy to Sever Venezuela's Dependence.  NACLA Report on the Americas 40:15-17, 20+ September-October 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26470445&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gilmour, Anna.  Venezuela Seeks OPEC Allies.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:4-5 May 2006.
"Reports on the plan of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez to ask the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries to set long-term global oil prices at US$50 per barrel in Venezuela in 2006."

Irwin, Domingo and Butto, Luis Alberto.  The Literature Behind Venezuelan Bolivarianism.  Military Review 86:82-87 March-April 2006.
"Focuses on the concept and principles of Venezuelan Bolivarianism."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20673845&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

An Opposition Gagged.  Economist 383:38-39 June 2, 2007.
"Reports on the closing of Radio Caracas Television in a crackdown on political dissent by the government of Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25425320&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rodriguez, Francisco.  An Empty Revolution.  Foreign Affairs 87:49-62 March-April 2008.
The impact of the social programs instituted under Chávez is assessed; Author contends that the administration of Hugo Chávez has damaged the economy of the country and that economic mismanagement has further damaged the poor.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31029405&site=ehost-live

Ransom, David.  Simon Bolivar.  New Internationalist No. 390:4 June 2006.
Short bio on Simon Bolivar.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21111680&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

A Short History of Venezuela.  New Internationalist No. 390:12-13 June 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21111685&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Starr, Alexandra.  Living Large on Oil.  American Scholar 76:7-12 Spring 2007.

Strategic Nationalisation Continues.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-09:5 March 1, 2007.
"President Hugo Chavez signed a decree nationalising the Orinoco oil fields this week."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Stroup, Chris.  Buccaneers' Breakout at Maracaibo.  Military History 23:30-72 March 2006.
"Focuses on Sir Henry Morgan, an English buccaneer for governor of Jamaica, and his breakout in Maracaibo, Venezuela."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19667980&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

VEB:  Peg under Threat.  Latin America Monitor Andean 24:2-3 October 2007.
Information on Venezuela, Risk Summary, Economic Outlook and Political Outlook.

Venezuela and the Bolivarian Revolution:  The Facts.  New Internationalist No. 390:18-19 June 2006.
Brief information on people, oil, health, environment, education, human development, land reform, poverty and inequality and gender.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21111688&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Venezuela Exceptionalism Revisited:  Part 1.  Latin American Perspectives 32:entire issue March 2005.
"Nine articles on Venezuelan politics and society including:  "Venezuelan Social Conflict in a Global Context", "Ethnicity and Revolution:  The Political Economy of Racism in Venezuela", "Chavez and the Search for an Alternative to Neoliberalism", and 'The Venezuelan Exceptionalism Thesis:  Separating Myth from Reality".

Venezuela Exceptionalism Revisited:  Part 2.  Latin American Perspectives 32:entire issue May 2005.
"Several articles on Venezuelan politics and society:  "New Perspectives on Politics and Society", "The Democratic Peace-Thesis and U.S. Relations with Colombia and Venezuela", "Confronting Hugo Chavez:  United States Democracy Promotion in Latin America", and "Privatization and Democracy in Venezuela".

Webb-Vidal, Andy.  Crude Variables:  How Oil Prices Will Shape Venezuela's Future.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:16-21 December 2006.

Webb-Vidal, Andy.  South American Cocaine Trafficking Operations Shift Towards Venezuela.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:36-40 May 2006.
"Reports on cocaine seizures and trafficking trends in Venezuela in 2006."

Weisbrot, Mark.  Venezuela's Economic Performance.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:52 September-October 2005.
"Focuses on the economic performance of Venezuela, includes a chart, "Percent of Households in Poverty", for the period covering 1998 through 2004."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18140958&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Foreign Relations


Internet Resources

BBC News.  Chavez in FARC Raid 'War' Warning
Available online at:  http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7273413.stm

Cronin, Jason W.  Soft Power and Its Impact on U.S. Influence in Latin America.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, December 2004.  97 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA429720

Embassy of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in the United States of America
Available online at:  http://www.embavenez-us.org/

Energy Security:  Issues Related to Potential Reductions in Venezuelan Oil Production.  GPO, June 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06668.pdf
Report to the Chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate.

Graves, Gary Robert.  Venezuela an Effects-Based Strategy for the 21st-Century.  Norfolk, VA, Joint Forces Staff College, Joint Advanced Warfighting School, 2006.  82 p.
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA452240

Luhnow, David and Lyons, John.  Backlash Entangles Chavez; Efforts to Sway South America Meet Wider Resistance.  Wall Street Journal December 17, 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1399637721&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Watkins, Eric.  Venezuela Sounds off Against ExxonMobil.  Oil & Gas Journal 106:34-35 February 18, 2008.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1432860161&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD


Books

Golinger, Eva.  The Chavez Code:  Cracking U.S. Intervention in Venezuela.  1st ed.  Northampton, MA, Olive Branch Press, 2006.  224 p.
"The author uses documents obtained under the Freedom of Information Act to prove that the U.S. knew about the plot to overthrow Chavez before it happened."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  327.73087 G626c

Kelly de Escobar, Janet and Romero, Carlos A.  The United States and Venezuela:  Rethinking a Relationship.  New York, Routledge, 2002.  167 p.
“Attempts to place the events of the past ten years in historical perspective and to explain the reasons why the changes occurred; Examines the impact of new actors on the international scene:  drug traffickers, common citizens, human rights and environmental activists and the media.”--Abstract from Web site.
Book call no.:  327.73087 K29u

Kozloff, Nikolas.  Hugo Chavez:  Oil, Politics and the Challenge to the United States.  1st ed.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  262 p.
"An analysis of Chavez as political leader."
Book call no.:  338.272820987 K88h

Lapper, Richard.  Living with Hugo:  U.S. Policy Toward Hugo Chavez's Venezuela.  New York, Council on Foreign Relations, November 2006.  43 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/VenezuelaCSR.pdf
Book call no.:  327.73087 L316L

Leech, Garry M.  Crude Interventions:  The U.S., Oil and the New World (Dis)Order.  New York, SIRD, 2006.  248 p.
See chapter 5, "Venezuela:  An Alternative for the Twenty-first Century?", pp 167-216.
Book call no.:  327.73 L483c

Latin America's New Security Reality:  Irregular Asymmetric Conflict and Hugo Chavez.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, August 24, 2007.  69 p.
“Shows how President Chavez is encouraging his followers to pursue a confrontational, populist, and nationalistic agenda.”--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=808
Book call no.:  355.033087 M295L


Documents

Fulgham, Quintin.  Venezuela's Potential Threat to the United States' National Security:  An Analysis of the Conflictual Inter-Country Relationship.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, U.S. Army War College, 2006.  20 p.
"Outlines key facts about Venezuela, identifies the U.S. national security objectives, describes key points of contention from both countries, and identifies perceived threats; Recommends solutions to improve the strategic relationship between Venezuela and the United States."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448819
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 F963v

Hollis, Craig M.  Coercive Airpower:  Qaddafi and Chavez.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  35 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 H742c

Hoose, Matthew S.  U.S. Opportunity in Venezuela:  A 21st Century Good Neighbor Strategy.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  36 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 H7893u

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Venezuela:  Political Conditions and U.S. Policy, by Mark P. Sullivan and Nelson Olhero.  Washington, CRS, September 2007.  51 p.
"U.S. officials and human rights organizations have expressed concerns about the deterioration of democratic institutions and threats to freedom of expression under President Chavez, who has survived several attempts to oust him from power."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471983
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32488

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Venezuela:  Political Conditions and U.S. Policy, by Mark P. Sullivan and Nelson Olhero.  Washington, CRS, January 11, 2008
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476371
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32488 2008 Jan 11

McCarthy, Sean M.  Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez:  A Force to Be Reckoned With.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  38 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 M1237v

Mock, James C.  Respecting the Threat:  Why U.S. Policy Towards Venezuela Must Change.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  34 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 M6881r

Moore, Robert B.  Latin America's Left Turn:  Is Chavez Driving and What Can the United States Do to "Right" the Ship.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  36 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 M8236L

Pina, Omar.  Plan Colombia:  How U.S. Military Assistance Affects Regional Balance of Power.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2004.  87 p.
"Assesses the importance the balance of power has in the inter-state relationships in the Western Hemisphere; Argues that Plan Colombia is creating an imbalance of military power between Colombia and Venezuela and this balance is important to their relations; Explores three possible explanations for the relations between these two countries, democratic peace, balance of power, and spiral model."
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424564
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 P645p

Turner, Mathew David.  Venezuela's Changing Foreign Policy Towards the United States.  Monterey, CA, Naval Postgraduate School, 2001.  105 p.
"Analyzes the relationship between the United States and Venezuela since 1980."
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42525 T949v


Periodicals

Abdullaev, Nabi.  Venezuela Spat Highlights U.S.-Russia Discord.  Defense News 21:8 May 29, 2006.
Available online in Access Military, Government News database.

Alavi, Nasrin.  Problematic Brothers:  Iranian Reaction to Chavez and Ahmadinejad.  NACLA Report on the Americas 40:18-19 September-October 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26470448&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

ALBA Gathers Momentum in Central America.  Central America Report 33:4-5 September 1, 2006.
"The Venezuelan government, led by Hugo Chavez, has amended its country's Constitution to include a commitment to regional integration and cooperation."

Barrionuevo, Alexei and Gonzalez, Jenny Carolina.  Chavez's Promised Hostage Release Fizzles, His Second Major Setback in Weeks.  New York Times, p A6, January 2, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1406212341&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Big Noise over Small End to Military Cooperation.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-16:4 April 26, 2005.
"As with most episodes in the confrontation between the U.S. and Venezuela, there was more noise than substance in the one that surfaced on 22 April, when the U.S. embassy announced the 'abrupt' and 'unexpected' ending of military participation in the bilateral exchange programme."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Boese, Wade.  U.S. Bars Future Arms Sales to Venezuela.  Arms Control Today 36:42 June 2006.
"Reports on the decision of the U.S. government to prohibit the sale of nuclear arms to Venezuela."

Brazil, Venezuela & Spain to Broker ELN Talks.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-14:4 April 12, 2005.
"The ambassadors of Brazil, Venezuela and Spain have conveyed to the Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN), Colombia's second-biggest guerrilla organisation, their willingness to help broker peace talks with the Colombian government."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Burgon, Colin.  Chavez:  The Defence.  New Statesman 136:16-17 July 23, 2007.
"Presents a reply to an article published previously in the magazine in which Hugo Chavez, president of Venezuela, was criticized; Suggests that many of the assertions regarding the Chavez government were erroneous; Relations between Venezuela and the United States are examined."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25803346&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bustamante, Michael J. and Sweig, Julia E.  Buena Vista Solidarity and the Axis of Aid:  Cuban and Venezuelan Public Diplomacy.  Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 616:223-256 March 2008.

Chavez Alleges Multifaceted U.S. Plot to Destabilise Venezuela and It's Allies.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-50:1-2 December 20, 2007.
"President Chavez claimed this week that the U.S. is plotting to destabilise his government and ostracise it within Latin America."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Chavez Key to Resolving Grancolombian Dispute but Latent Tension Persists.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-08-10:1-2 March 13, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Chavez Seeks Resolution of Maritime Dispute.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-08-11:14 March 19, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Chavez 'Severs All Contact' with DEA.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-32:3 August 16, 2005.
"President Hugo Chávez announced last week that Venezuela had severed all contact with the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Chavez Tour Culminates in China with Bid to End Reliance on U.S. Oil Market.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-01:1-2 January 4, 2005.
“Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez visits countries with the potential to become buyers of Venezuelan oil.”
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Cooper, Andrew F. and Legler, Thomas.  A Tale of Two Mesas:  The OAS Defense of Democracy in Peru and Venezuela.  Global Governance 11:425-444 October-December 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=938235651&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Crook, John R.  U.S. Response to Venezuelan Nationalizations.  The American Journal of International Law 101:645-647 July 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1361257011&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Downhill from Here.  Economist 380:36 July 29, 2006.
"Examines the South American trade group Mercosur on the occasion of its 2006 summit meeting."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21770803&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Erikson, Daniel P.  A Dragon in the Andes?:  China, Venezuela, and U.S. Energy Security.  Military Review 86:83-89 July-August 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=22351109&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

The Everywhere Man.  Foreign Policy 152:38 January-February 2006.
"Looks at the foreign allies of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19169859&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Forero, Juan.  After Deadly Assault on Guerrillas, Chavez Orders Troops to Colombian Border.  Washington Post, p A11, March 3, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1438196921&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Gilmour, Anna.  Colombia-Venezuela Procurement Could Fuel Regional Tensions.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:5 February 2006.
"Focuses on the escalation of the regional tension between Colombia and Venezuela."

Gilmour, Anna.  Latin America's Left Divide.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:4-5 July 2006.
"Focuses on the impact of the election of Alan García as Peruvian president on Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, who had backed radical nationalist Ollanta Humala."

Gilmour, Anna.  Venezuela Uses Anti-US Rhetoric to Shore Up Popular Support.  Jane's Intelligence Review 17:28-30 September 2005.

Gordeyev, Ivan.  Comrades in Arms, Oil, and Gas.  Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press 58:19-20 August 23, 2006.
"Reports that Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez held talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin. "--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22693746&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Herrera, Bernardo Alvarez.  A Benign Revolution.  Foreign Affairs 85:195-198 July-August 2006.
"Presents a defense of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez and argues that the U.S. government has a skewed view of the man since they get all their information about the country from Venezuelan elites."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21326503&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Involving the OAS in Bilateral Scraps.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-22:8 June 6, 2006.
"The government of Peru took its complaints about Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez's interference in Peruvian politics to the Organization of American States’s (OAS) general assembly."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Katz, Mark N.  The Putin-Chavez Partnership.  Problems of Post-Communism 53:3-9 July-August 2006.
"Offers information about the diplomatic relation of Russia with Venezuela under President Vladimir Putin."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=21639790&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kennedy, Sebastian.  Show of Strength.  New Statesman 137:32-33 February 11, 2008.
"Examines the tense relations between Venezuela and Colombia."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28857609&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Liberation politics.  The Economist 386:39-40 January 19, 2008.
"Hellish tales of men chained to trees, debilitating diseases, and surgery carried out with a kitchen knife have emerged from Colombia's jungles with the release of two women held captive by leftist FARC rebels for the past six years."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1414973901&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Manwaring, Max G.  The New Master of Wizard's Chess:  The Real Hugo Chavez and Asymmetric Warfare.  Military Review 85:40-49 September-October 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=942160871&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Matthews, William.  U.S. Holds Up Sale of C-295s to Venezuela.  Defense News 20:1+ October 24, 2005.
Available online in Access Military, Government News database.

Morris, Edmund.  " A Matter of Extreme Urgency" Theodore Roosevelt, Wilhelm II, and the Venezuela Crisis of 1902.  Naval War College Review 55:73-85 Spring 2002.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=7020983&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Nascent Telesur to Be Countered by U.S. Broadcasts.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-29:4 July 26, 2005.
"Discusses Hugo Chávez's new venture, Telesur, a Latin American television broadcasting company devoted to providing alternative news to that which emanates from the United States."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Peace in Our Time, on the Box.  The Economist 386:47-48 March 15, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1445960401&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Ratliff, William.  Beijing's Pragmatism Meets Hugo Chavez.  Brown Journal of World Affairs 12:75-83 Winter-Spring 2005-2006.
"Examines China's diplomatic relations between Venezuela and it's President. Discussion on his rise to power and the expansion of his Bolivarian revolution, bilateral relations on oil trade between China and Venezuela and technological equipment provided by the Chinese government to Venezuela."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21199432&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ratliff, William.  The Caudillo and the Chinese.  Hoover Digest No. 2:127-132 Spring 2006.
Discusses the relationship between Venezuela and China.

Reel, Monte.  Heated Words in Wake of Colombian Raid, Ecuador's Correa Warns of Danger to Region, Uribe to Seek Genocide Charges Against Chavez.  Washington Post, p A15, March 5, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1439780311&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Rieck, Christian E.  Santo Hugo - The Messiah from the Orinoco.  American Foreign Policy Interests 30:30-39 January-February 2008.
"Describes new domestic developments, Bolivarianism as a variant of populism, the foreign policy dimension of the "Bolivarian Revolution," and Chavez's intensive "underdog diplomacy."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=29377221&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rumsfeld Has Another Go at Recruiting Allies to Isolate Chávez.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-33:1-2 August 23, 2005.
"Visit of Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld with presidents Nicanor Duarte of Paraguay and Alejandro Toledo of Peru."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Sanders, Ronald.  Venezuela in the Caribbean:  Expanding Its Sphere of Influence.  Round Table 96:465-476 August 2007.
"Analyses the traditional relationship between Caricom and the USA and the new relationship with Venezuela; Argues that the Caricom countries, small though they are, will act in their own interests."--Abstract from publication.

Simon Romero and others.  Chavez Employs Colombia Feud as Flashpoint for Feud with U.S.  New York Times, p A1, March 5, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1439592841&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Simon Romero and others.  Free Eye Care from Chavez, All the Better to See Him.  New York Times, p A4, Febuary 26, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1434833601&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Smith, Geri.  Chavez:  Trading Oil for Influence.  Business Week No. 3965:49 December 26, 2005.
"Discusses the efforts of Hugo Chavez of Venezuela to form an anti-American alliance in Latin American countries."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=945043711&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Surowiecki, James.  Synergy with the Devil.  New Yorker 82:24 January 8, 2007.
"Discusses the attitudes of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23573765&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Trinkunas, Harold A.  Defining Venezuela's "Bolivarian Revolution".  Military Review 85:39-44 July-August 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=18080840&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

U.S. Arms Embargo Slapped on Uncooperative Chávez.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-20:6-7 May 23, 2006.
"After classifying Venezuela as 'not fully cooperating' with U.S. counter-terrorism efforts, the U.S. government has slapped an embargo on all sales and 'retransfers' of armament to Caracas."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

U.S. Blocks Sale of Spanish Military Aircraft.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-06-03:4 January 17, 2006.
"The U.S. government denied permission for the transfer of U.S. technology incorporated in 12 Spanish-made transport and surveillance aircraft."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

U.S. Joins Efforts to Free FARC Hostages.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-38:5 September 27, 2007.
"Several United States congressmen appealed to President Alvaro Uribe to be allowed to take part in the meeting between Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez and FARC representatives in Caracas on October 8, 2007."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

U.S. Sidesteps Extradition of Posada Carriles.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-20:1 May 24, 2005.
"Luis Clemente Faustino Posada Carriles is a Cuban born Venezuelan national presently incarcerated in the United States."
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

U.S. Targets Plans to Buy Russian Hardware.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-07:5 February 15, 2005.
Venezuela is planning to purchase assault rifles and helicopters from Russia however, Roger Noriega, the State Department's assistant-secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs, expressed concern that the guns to be replaced by this new consignment could end up 'in the hands of some criminal and irregular groups'.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Uribe Allows Chavez to Meet FARC Leader.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-35:7 September 8, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Uribe Ends Chavez Mediation.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-46:1-2 November 22, 2007.
"President Uribe abruptly terminated the role of his Venezuelan counterpart, President Chavez, as a mediator between the Colombian government and the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) on November 21, 2007."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Venezuela Accused of Financing FMLN.  Central America Report 35:3 February 22, 2008.
"According to a recent U.S. intelligence report, the Chavez administration plans to '"generously finance" the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) in its bid for the March 2009 presidential election."--Abstract from publication.

Venezuela Is 'Decertified' but Sanctions Are Waived to Spare 'Pro-democracy' Schemes.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-05-37:1-2 September 20, 2005.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Webb-Vidal, Andrew.  Embassy Bombs Mark New Phase in Venezuelan Crisis.  Jane's Intelligence Review 15:14-17 April 2003.

Webb-Vidal, Andy.  Cuba's Political Future Lies in Venezuela's Hands.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:30-31 September 2005.

Webb-Vidal, Andy.  Oiling the Axis:  Ties Between Iran and Venezuela.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:32-35 August 2007.


Politics and Government


Internet Resources

Atwood, Roger.  Media Crackdown:  Chavez and Censorship.  Georgetown Journal of International Affairs 7:25-32 Winter 2006.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=988417391&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Conoco, Chavez in for Long Fight.  Wall Street Journal, p A2, February 25, 2008.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1434346321&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Coronel, Gustavo.  Corruption, Mismanagement, and Abuse of Power in Hugo Chavez's Venezuela.  November 27, 2006.
Available online at:  http://www.cato.org/pubs/dpa/dpa2.pdf

Harris, Jerry.  Bolivia and Venezuela:  The Democratic Dialectic in New Revolutionary Movements.  Race & Class 49:1-24 July 2007.
Available online at:  http://rac.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/49/1/1

Whalen, Christopher.  Venezuela's Oil Trap.  The International Economy 21:58-61 Spring 2007.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1284672851&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD


Books

The Andes in Focus:  Security, Democracy, and Economic Reform, edited by Russell Crandall and others.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.  237 p.
"Addresses the question, "How can a region roiled by political strife, civil war, illicit drug trafficking, and dismal economic performance achieve political stability and support economic growth?; Offers detailed analyses of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, as well as examinations of U.S. policies with regard to the Andes."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  980.04 A552

Eastwood, Jonathan.  The Rise of Nationalism in Venezuela.  Gainesville, FL, University Press of Florida, 2006.  212 p.
"When, where, among whom, and why did nationalism emerge in the region, and what forms did it take?"--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  320.540987 E13r

Lapp, Nancy D.  Landing Votes:  Representation and Land Reform in Latin America.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  212 p.
Offers several overview essays as well as separate essays addressing Brazil, Chile, and Venezuela.
Book call no.:  324.62098 L316L

Manwaring, Max G.  Venezuela's Hugo Chavez, Bolivarian Socialism, and Asymmetric Warfare.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2005.  33 p.
"Provides a basic understanding of the political-historical context within which Venezuelan national security policy is generated; Introduces Chavez's concept of 21st century socialism, and the political-psychological-military ways he envisions to achieve it."
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB628.pdf
Book call no.:  987.0642 M295v

McCaughan, Michael.  The Battle of Venezuela.  1st North American ed.  New York, Seven Stories Press, 2005.  238 p.
"Chronicles Chavez's controversial ascent to the helm of one of the world's largest oil-producing countries; Documents the role of the country's powerful and shrinking middle class, the effects of Chavez's social programs on his mainly poor constituents, and the rise of the social movement whose members proclaim themselves "Chavistas."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  987.0633 M123b

Politics in the Andes:  Identity, Conflict, Reform, edited by Jo-Marie Burt and Philip Mauceri.  Pittsburgh, PA, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2004.  324 p.
Offers both overview regional essays and essays addressing individual situations in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.
Book call no.:  980.033 P769

Raby, D. L.  Democracy and Revolution:  Latin America and Socialism Today.  Ann Arbor, MI, Pluto Press, 2006.  280 p.
"Examines the Left and progressive popular movements in today's 'gobalised' neo-liberal world; The main focus is on Latin America, above all Venezuela and Cuba."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  320.5315098 R117d

Trinkunas, Harold A.  Crafting Civilian Control of the Military in Venezuela:  A Comparative Perspective.  Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Press, 2005.  297 p.
"Presents an overview of the various strategies that have been used in Venezuela since the 1940s to obtain civilian dominance over the military; Examines the strategies used by Venezuela's civilian leaders to keep the armed forces under control including appeasement, "divide and conquer," and personal cultivation of sympathetic officers by presidents and party leaders."
Book call no.:  322.5 T833c

Ungar, Mark.  Elusive Reform:  Democracy and the Rule of Law in Latin America.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner, 2002.  273 p.
"Explores one of the Latin American countries' biggest challenges, establishing a rule of law; Based on a close examination of historical patterns, it demonstrates how executive power and judicial disarray thwart progress toward judicial independence, state accountability, and citizen access to effective means of conflict resolution; Examines Argentina and Venezuela."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  321.8098 U57e

United States.  Congress.  The State of Democracy in Venezuela.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  81 p.
Hearing 108th Congress, 2nd session, June 24, 2004.
Also available online at:  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS57719
Book call no.:  987.0642 U58s

The Unraveling of Representative Democracy in Venezuela, edited by Jennifer L. Mccoy and David J. Myers.  Baltimore, MD, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.  342 p.
"Essays on representative democracy in Venezuela and why it unraveled so swiftly and whether it can be restored; Thirteen chapters examine the crisis in three periods:  the unraveling of Punto Fijo democracy; Chavez's Bolivarian Revolution; and the course of "participatory democracy" under Chavez."--Abstract from publication.
Book call no.:  320.987 U58

Van Cott, Donna Lee.  From Movements to Parties in Latin America:  The Evolution of Ethnic Politics.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2005.  276 p.
"Provides a detailed treatment of an important topic, the surprising transformation of indigenous peoples' movements into viable political parties in the 1990s in four Latin American countries Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela and their failure to succeed in two others Argentina and Peru."--Abstract from publisher Web site.
Book call no.:  324.208998 V223f

Venezuela:  Hugo Chavez and the Decline of an "Exceptional Democracy", edited by Steve Ellner and Miguel Tinker Salas.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Pub., 2007.  220 p.
"Analyzes the changes in Venezuela under Hugo Chavez."
Book call no.:  987.0642 V458


Documents

Hoose, Matthew S.  U.S. Opportunity in Venezuela:  A 21st Century Good Neighbor Strategy.  Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 2007.  36 p.
Doc. call no.:  M-U 43122 H7893u

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Venezuela:  Political Conditions and U.S. Policy, by Mark P. Sullivan.  Washington, CRS, May 18, 2005
Also available online at:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32488.pdf
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32488

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Venezuela:  Political Conditions and U.S. Policy, by Mark P. Sullivan and Nelson Olhero.  Washington, CRS, September 2007.  51 p.
"U.S. officials and human rights organizations have expressed concerns about the deterioration of democratic institutions and threats to freedom of expression under President Chavez, who has survived several attempts to oust him from power."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA471983
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32488

Library of Congress.  Congressional Research Service.  Venezuela:  Political Conditions and U.S. Policy, by Mark P. Sullivan and Nelson Olhero.  Washington, CRS, January 11, 2008
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA476371
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42953-1 no.SER-RL32488 2008 Jan 11


Periodicals

Burges, Sean W.  Building a Global Southern Coalition:  The Competing Approaches of Brazil's Lula and Venezuela's Chavez.  Third World Quarterly 28:1343-1358 October 2007.
"Explains the different regional leadership strategies being pursued by Brazil and Venezuela, the Brazilian neo-structuralist vision and the Venezuelan overseas development aid approach."

Ceaser, Mike.  Venezuela Threatens to Nationalize Education.  Chronicle of Higher Education 54:  p A37 October 12, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27141603&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Challenging Chavez-for-Life.  The Economist 385:44-45 November 17, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1383994021&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Chavez Ignites Debate over FARC's Status.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-08-02:4-5 January 17, 2008.
"No sooner had President Chavez successfully negotiated the release of two high-profice hostages being held by the FARC than he was calling on the international community to remove the guerrillas from lists of world terrorists groups as a prerequisite for peace in Colombia."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Chavez Unveils Constitutional Reform in Venezuela.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-33:1-2 August 23, 2007.
Details of President Chavez's proposed constitutional reforms.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Ciccariello-Maher, George.  Dual Power in the Venezuelan Revolution.  Monthly Review 59:42-56 September 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26316947&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cooper, Andrew F. and Legler, Thomas.  A Tale of Two Mesas:  The OAS Defense of Democracy in Peru and Venezuela.  Global Governance 11:425-444 October-December 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=938235651&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Corrales, Javier.  Hugo Boss.  Foreign Policy 152:32-40 January-February 2006.
"Focuses on recent events involving politics and government in Venezuela, with particular focus on Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19169858&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Corrales, Javier and Penfold, Michael.  Venezuela:  Crowding Out the Opposition.  Journal of Democracy 18:99 April 2007.

Crook, John R.  U.S. Response to Venezuelan Nationalizations.  The American Journal of International Law 101:645-647 July 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1361257011&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

December Referendum on Constitutional Reforms.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-07-44:6-7 November 8, 2007.
"Venezuelans will go to the polls on December 2nd to vote on a constitutional reform package introduced by President Hugo Chavez and enlarged and embellished by the national assembly."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Deering, Ben.  Chavez's Populism Threatens the Economic Engine of His Revolution.  SAIS Review 27:159 Winter 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1252468701&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Dietz, Henry A. and Myers, David J.  From Thaw to Deluge:  Party System Collapse in Venezuela and Peru.  Latin American Politics & Society 49:59-86 Summer 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=25399790&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ellner, Steve.  Venezuela:  Defying Globalization's Logic.  NACLA Report on the Americas 39:20-24 September-October 2005.
"Provides an overview of the reforms and actions of Chávez that have undermined the economic interests of Venezuelan and transnational groups; Discusses the support of the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush for the short-lived coup against Chávez in April 2002."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18140908&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

The Final Countdown?  Jane's Intelligence Review 20:36-38 2008.
"Following Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez' first electoral setback, Jane's assesses if this is the beginning of the end for the charismatic leader."--Abstract from publication.

Forero, Juan.  Chavez, Assailed on Many Fronts, Is Riveted by 19th-Century Idol.  Washington Post, p A10, February 23, 2008.

Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1433690731&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Giacalone, Rita.  The Impact of Neo-Populist Civilian-Military Coalitions on Regional Integration and Democracy:  The Case of Venezuela.  Journal of Political & Military Sociology 33:25-38 Summer 2005.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19403088&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gilmour, Anna.  Seizing Power:  Greater State Control of Venezuela's Oil Industry.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:56-57 May 2007.

Gilmour, Anna.  Venezuela Uses Anti-US Rhetoric to Shore Up Popular Support.  Jane's Intelligence Review 17:28-30 September 2005.

Gindin, Jonah.  Chavistas in the Halls of Power, Chavistas on the Street.  NACLA Report on the Americas 38:27-29 March-April 2005.
"Reviews the current political situation in Venezuela between President Chavez's government and his opposition."

Guevara, Inigo.  Socialism:  Alive and Well in the New Venezuela.  Jane's Defence Weekly 44:38 October 3, 2007.

Gunson, Phil.  Chavez's Venezuela.  Current History 105:58-63 February 2006.
"Can Chavez deliver social and economic justice to the Venezuelan population?"

Harnecker, Camila Pineiro.  Workplace Democracy and Collective Consciousness:  An Empirical Study of Venezuelan Cooperatives.  Monthly Review 95:27-40 November 2007.

Hart, Julie P.  Peacebuilding Through Election Assistance in Unstable Democracies:  Observations from the Venezuelan Process.  Peace & Change 31:75-79 January 2006.
"Focuses on the significance of peacebuilding in the unstable political situation in Venezuela.  Discusses the current political situation of the country."

Hawkins, Kirk A. and Hansen, David R.  Dependent Civil Society.  Latin American Research Review 41:102-132 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=19849642&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kennedy, Sebastian and Markovits, Martin.  Chavez and the Students.  New Statesman 137:20 November 19, 2007.
"The article reports on 2007 unrest in Venezuela when university students chose to protest constitutional changes proposed by president Hugo Chavez."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27500848&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kennedy, Sebastian and Markovits, Martin.  Chavez Loses -- for Now.  New Statesman 137:20 December 10, 2007.
"Reports on the political fallout from the 2007 Venezuelan referendum that would have allowed president Hugo Chavez to stand for repeated re-election."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27753432&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Krastev, Ivan.  Democracy's Doubles.  Journal of Democracy 17:52-62 April 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1037938861&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

The Little Blue Book.  New Internationalist No. 390:5 June 2006.
The Bolivarian Constitution.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21111681&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Making Socialism Official.  The Economist 385:43 November 3, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1376399841&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Manwaring, Max G.  The New Master of Wizard's Chess:  The Real Hugo Chavez and Asymmetric Warfare.  Military Review 85:40-49 September-October 2005.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=942160871&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Morgan, Jana.  Partisanship During the Collapse of Venezuela's Party System.  Latin American Research Review 42:78-98 2007.
"Examines the collapse of the Venezuelan party system, arguably one of the most institutionalized party systems in Latin America, by examining the individual-level basis behind the exodus of partisans from the traditional parties."--Abstract from author.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24729510&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Nelson, Brian A.  One Crowded Hour.  The Virginia Quarterly Review 83:146 Fall 2007.
"Discusses the street violence that sparked the 2002 Coup against Chavez."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1361810331&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Nieto, Alex Sanchez.  Much Ado about Oil.  New Internationalist No. 402:34-35 July 2007.
"Essay on the president of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez; Offers details about his spending practices and politics, including purchases of military equipment and foreign policy; Explores Venezuela's relationship with several countries including Syria, Libya, and Vietnam."--Abstract from Web site
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26753933&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

O'Keefe, Alice.  Chavez from Hero Tyrant.  New Statesman 136:28-31 July 16, 2007.
"Discusses Hugo Rafael Chavez Frias, his return to power after a failed coup in 2002, and how many believe his divisive policies are provoking a civil war in Venezuela."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25751984&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

The Price of Opposing Chavez.  Foreign Policy No. 164:28 January-February 2008.
"Discusses the political conditions of Venezuela in 2008, particularly the political opponents of President Hugo Chavez."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28065445&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

PSUV Appoints Party Leadership.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-08-10:5 March 13, 2008.
“The Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela (PSUV), the single party unifying the different strands of Bolivarianism which is presided over by President Hugo Chávez, appointed a new 15-person party leadership committee from 69 candidates on 9 March."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Ransom, David.  Inside the Venezuelan Revolution.  New Internationalist No. 390:2-4 June 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21111679&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Roberts, James M.  If the Real Simon Bolivar Met Hugo Chavez, He'd See Red.  Backgrounder No. 2062:1-15 August 20, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://www.heritage.org/research/LatinAmerica/bg2062.cfm

Rodriguez, Francisco.  An Empty Revolution.  Foreign Affairs 87:49-62 March-April 2008.
"Examines the administration of Venezuela by the government of president Hugo Chavez; Claims that there is a false perception that Chavez, whatever his other faults and political transgressions, has advanced the cause of the impoverished in Venezuelan society; Impact of the social programs instituted under Chavez is assessed."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31029405&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Romero, Simon.  Chavez Backs Off Threats to Halt Oil Exports to U.S.  New York Times February 18, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1430659051&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Shifter, Michael.  In Search of Hugo Chávez.  Foreign Affairs 85:45-59 May-June 2006.
"Profiles Venezuela's president Hugo Chávez."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=20586928&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Shifter, Michael.  A New Path for Latin America?  Current History 107:90-92 February 2008.
"Discusses how the administration of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez illustrates the need for political reform in Latin America; Notes the success of political programs in Chile, Brazil and Mexico."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=29305037&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Surowiecki, James.  Synergy with the Devil.  New Yorker 82:24 January 8, 2007.
"Discusses the attitudes of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23573765&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Villalobos, Joaquin.  Revolution in Venezuela?  Nation 285:5-6 July 9, 2007.
"Reflects on the leadership of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez; Argues that Chavez is not leading a revolution in Venezuela based on the fact that there is no dictatorship, revolutionary army, or revolutionary party in Venezuela; Overview of revolutions in Cuba, Nicaragua, and Bolivia are presented."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25465874&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Vincent, Isabel.  Big Money, Big Scandal.  Maclean's 120:37-38 September 3, 2007.
"Discusses the political plans of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez; Allegations of financial misconduct involving businessman Guido Alejandro Antonini Wilson could affect Chavez's foreign policy; Notes Chavez's admiration for former Venezuelan leader Simon Bolivar."--Abstract from Web site.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26456701&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

The Wind Goes Out of the Revolution - Defeat for Hugo Chavez.  The Economist 385:30 December 8, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1394589271&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Zuquete, Jose Pedro.  The Missionary Politics of Hugo Chavez.  Latin American Politics & Society 50:91-121 Spring 2008.
"Examines the cultural and political-religious frames that sustain the leadership of Hugo Chavez."-Abstract from publication.


Terrorism-Insurgencies and Drug Trade


Internet Resources

Council on Foreign Relations.  Chavez Using Attack on FARC to Bolster Diminishing Popularity
Available online at:  http://www.cfr.org/publication/15671/
Interview with Francisco R. Rodriguez, Assistant Professor of Economics and Latin American Studies, Wesleyan University.

de Cordoba, Jose.  Chavez May Have Funded Rebels:  Colombian Official Says FARC Data Mention $300 Million in Funds.  Wall Street Journal, p A4, March 4, 2008.
Available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1438755561&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

O'Grady, Mary Anastasia.  The FARC Files.  Wall Street Journal 251:A14 March 10, 2008.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31328045&site=ehost-live

United States.  Department of State.  International Narcotics Control Strategy Report.  2008.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/p/inl/rls/nrcrpt/2008/vol1/html/100776.htm
See information on Venezuela pages 25 through 28.

Venezuela:  Terrorisms Hub of South America?  Washington, GPO, July 13, 2006.  29 p.
Available online at:  http://www.foreignaffairs.house.gov/archives/109/28638.pdf
Hearing before the Subcommittee on International Terrorism and Nonproliferation of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, 109th Congress, 2nd Session.

Walser, Ray.  Hugo Chavez, the FARC, and Threats of War.  March 4, 2008.
Available online at:  http://www.heritage.org/Research/LatinAmerica/upload/wm_1834.pdf


Periodicals

Chavez Ignites Debate over FARC's Status.  Latin American Weekly Report WR-08-02:4-5 January 17, 2008.
"No sooner had President Chavez successfully negotiated the release of two high-profice hostages being held by the FARC than he was calling on the international community to remove the guerrillas from lists of world terrorists groups as a prerequisite for peace in Colombia."--Abstract from publication.
Also available online at:  http://www.latinnews.com

Forero, Juan.  After Deadly Assault on Guerrillas, Chavez Orders Troops to Colombian Border.  Washington Post, p A11, March 3, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1438196921&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

On the Warpath.  Economist 386:43-44 March 8, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31254871&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Peace in Our Time, on the Box.  The Economist 386:47-48 March 15, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1445960401&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Reel, Monte.  Heated Words in Wake of Colombian Raid, Ecuador's Correa Warns of Danger to Region, Uribe to Seek Genocide Charges Against Chavez.  Washington Post, p A15, March 5, 2008.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1439780311&Fmt=7&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD


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