October 1998
Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Air University Library
Maxwell AFB, AL



Abi-Aad, Naji and Grenon, Michel. Instability and Conflict in the Middle East: People, Petroleum and Security Threats. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1997. 224 p.
Is Not Water More Precious than Oil? pp 137-148.
Book call no.: 956.05 A148i

Beschorner, Natasha. Water and Instability in the Middle East. London, Brassey's for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1992. 82 p.
Book call no.: 909.82 I61a no.273

Bowker, Robert. Beyond Peace: The Search for Security in the Middle East. Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1996. 210 p.
Low Politics: Water, pp 133-150.
Book call no.: 956.03 B786

Bulloch, John and Darwish, Adel. Water Wars: Coming Conflicts in the Middle East. London, Gollancz, 1993. 224 p.
Book call no.: 333.9100956 B938w

Economic, Legal, and Demographic Dimensions of Arab-Israeli Relations, edited by Ian S. Lustick. New York, Garland Publishing, 1994. 349 p.
Water Rights in the Occupied Territories, by Jeffrey D. Dillman, pp 74-100.
The Jordan River Controversy, by Fred J. Khouri, pp 144-170.
Oil in the Service of the Arab Cause, by Shaikh Abdullah Tariki, pp 333-346.
Book call no.: 303.48 E19

Global Dangers: Changing Dimensions of International Security, edited by Sean M. Lynn-Jones and Steven E. Miller. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 1995. 370 p.
On the Threshold: Environmental Changes as Causes of Acute Conflict, pp 43-83.
Water and Conflict: Fresh Water Resources and International Security, pp 84-117.
Bridging the Divide: Transboundary Resource Disputes and the Case of West Bank Water, pp 118-144.
Environmental Scarcities and Violent Conflict: Evidence from Cases, pp 144-182.
Book call no.: 327.17 G5621

Global Interests in the Arab Gulf, edited by Charles E. Davies. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1992. 414 p.
Oil in the Gulf: Internal and External Interaction, pp 67-85.
Book call no.: 337.536 G562

Hillel, Daniel. Rivers of Eden: The Struggle for Water and the Quest for Peace in the Middle East. New York, Oxford University Press, 1994. 355 p.
Book call no.: 333.9100956 H651r

Homer-Dixon, Thomas F. Environmental Scarcity and Global Security. New York, Foreign Policy Association, 1993. 80 p. (Headline series no.300)
Book call no.: 327.73 F35h no.300

Hydropolitics: Conflicts over Water as a Development Constraint, edited by Leif Ohlsson. Atlantic Highlands, NJ, Zed Books, 1995. 230 p.
The Role of Water and the Origins of Conflict, by Leif Ohlsson, pp 1-28.
Water and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, by Helena Lindholm, pp 55-90.
Turkey, Syria and Iraq: A Hydropolitical Security Complex, by Michael Schulz, pp 91-122.
Book call no.: 333.91 H995

International Waters of the Middle East: From Euphrates-Tigris to Nile, edited by Asit K. Biswas. Bombay, India, Oxford University Press, 1994. 221 p.
Papers of the Middle East Water Forum held in Cairo on February 7-9, 1993.
Middle East Water Issues: Action and Political Will, pp 1-4.
A Hydropolitical History of the Nile, Jordan and Euphrates River Basins, by Mostafa Kamal Tolba, pp 5-43.
Book call no.: 333.916256 I61

Kally, Elisha. Water and Peace: Water Resources and the Arab-Israeli Peace Process. Westport, CT, Praeger, 1993. 127 p.
Book call no.: 333.9100956 K14w

Kliot, Nurit. Water Resources and Conflict in the Middle East. New York, Routledge, 1994. 309 p.
Book call no.: 333.91130956 K65w

Lowi, Miriam R. Water and Power: The Politics of a Scarce Resource in the Jordan River Basin. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1993. 291 p.
Book call no.: 333.9100956 L918w

Middle East and North Africa 1998. 44th ed. London, Europa Publications Limited, 1997. 1136 p.
Oil in the Middle East and North Africa, pp 129-167.
Natural Gas in the Middle East and North Africa, pp 168-170
. Water Resources in the Middle East and North Africa, pp 171-174.
Book call no.: R 915.6 M627 44th ed. 1998

Murakami, Masahiro. Managing Water for Peace in the Middle East: Alternative Strategies. New York, United Nations University Press, 1995. 309 p.
Book call no.: 333.9100956 M972m

Myers, Norman. Ultimate Security: The Environmental Basis of Political Stability. New York, W. W. Norton, 1993. 308 p.
The Middle East, pp 37-57.
Book call no.: 363.707 M996u

Reluctant Neighbor: Turkey's Role in the Middle East, edited by Henri J. Barkey. Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 1996. 245 p.
Syria and Turkey: The Water Dispute, pp 121-126.
Water Politics as High Politics: The Case of Turkey and Syria, pp 131-146.
Book call no.: 327.561 R382

Russell, Malcolm B. The Middle East and South Asia 1998. 32nd ed. Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post Publications, 1998. 255 p.
When Will the Taps Go Dry? pp 2-7.
Black Gold: The Impact of Oil, pp 8-11.
Book call no.: R 915 C635m 32nd ed 1998

Shapland, Greg. Rivers of Discord: International Water Disputes in the Middle East. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1997. 183 p.
Includes sections on Water and Politics in the Middle East, Water in the Arab-Israel Dispute, the Nile, the Tigris-Euphrates Basin, etc.
Book call no.: 341.4 S529r

Spencer, William. Global Studies: The Middle East. 6th ed. Guilford, CT, Dushkin Publishing Group, 1996. 276 p.
Water as a Regional Problem, p 29.
Running on Fumes in Oman (declining oil fields), by John Lancaster, pp 248-249.
Book call no.: R 956 G562g 6th ed 1996

Starr, Joyce Shira. Covenant over Middle Eastern Waters: Key to World Survival. New York, H. Holt, 1995. 222 p.
Book call no.: 333.9100956 S796c

Turkish Foreign Policy: Recent Developments, edited by Kemal H. Karpat. Madison, WI, s. n., 1996.
Water and Turkish-Middle East Relations, by Erol Manisah, pp 165-170.
Book call no.: 327.561 T9391

Water and Peace in the Middle East, edited by J. Issaac and H. Shuval. New York, Elsevier, 1994. 529 p.
Proceedings of the First Israeli-Palestinian International Academic Conference on Water held in Zurich on December 10-13, 1992.
Book call no.: 333.9100956 I61w

Water, Peace and the Middle East: Negotiating Resources in the Jordan Basin, edited by John Anthony Allan. New York, St. Martin's, 1996. 250 p.
Book call no.: 333.9100956 W324

Wolf, Aaron T. Hydropolitics Along the Jordan River: Scarce Water and Its Impact on the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York, United Nations University Press, 1995. 272 p.
Book call no.: 333.9100956 W853h

World Resources 1996-97. New York, World Resources Institute/International Institute for Environment and Development, 1996. 1 vol.
Book call no.: R 333.7 W9272 1996/97

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Great Britain. Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Problems over Water in the Middle East. London, January 1992. 1 vol.
Doc. call no.: M-U 31155-310 Jan '92

Green, Elizabeth A. Hydropolitics in the Middle East and U.S. Policy. Newport, RI, Naval War College. Center for Advanced Research., June 1993. 79 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662-6 G795h

Kirschbaum, Max E. Water Resources: Security Impacts in the Jordan River Basin. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air Command and Staff College, 1997. 47 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43122 K617w

Lavoie, Kenneth E. Can Water Extinguish the Flash Points of the Middle East?. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1996. 45 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 L4141c

Myles, James R. U.S. Global Leadership: The U.S. Role in Resolving Middle East Water Issues. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, April 1996. 26 p.
Book call no.: M-U 39080-537 M997u

Rand Corp. Dividing the Waters: Reaching Equitable Water Solutions in the Middle East. Santa Monica, CA, 1993. 7 p. (Report no. 7840)
Doc. call no.: M-U 30352-16 no.7840

Woolwine, Stephen M. Water and Conflict in the Middle East. Fort Leavenworth, KS, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. School of Advanced Military Studies, 1997. 1 vol.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 W917w


Amery, Hussein A. Israel's Designs on Lebanese Water. Middle East International No.458:18-19 September 10, 1993.

Amery, Hussein A. Water Security as a Factor in Arab-Israeli Wars and Emerging Peace. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 20, no.1:95-104 1997.

Amirahmadi, Hooshang. U.S.-Iran Relations: Implications for Iran's Oil Policy. Middle East Insight 11:94-96 July-August 1995.

Ash, Toby. Iraq on Probation as Oil Deal Agreed. MEED 40:2-3 June 7, 1996.

Beall, W. Wayne. Once Again, the Jordan River Becomes a Strategic Factor in Middle Eastern Politics. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 22:6-7 November-December 1994.

Beall, W. Wayne. "Two Rivers" of Mesopotamia Still Influence Iraqi and Regional Stability. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 23:12-13 January 31, 1995.

Blair, Edmund. MEED Special Report: Oil & Gas. MEED 39:9-15 January 20, 1995.

Bleier, Ronald. Will Nile Water Go to Israel? North Sinai Pipelines and the Politics of Scarcity. Middle East Policy 5:113-123 September 1997.

Bodansky, Yossef. Asia Prepares for Energy Crisis. Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 24:1 June-July 1996.
Discusses China's coordination with Iran to ensure dominance over energy resources anticipating the looming oil crisis in East Asia.

Butter, David. Egypt: Mastering the Nile. Delta in the Desert: Vision or Delusion? MEED 41:2-3 January 31, 1997.
The Delta Project intends to carve a canal to transport water from Lake Nasser to the Western Desert.

Butts, Kent Hughes. The Strategic Importance of Water. Parameters 27:65-83 Spring 1997.
Includes a section titled 'Conflict Potential in the Middle East'.

Cooper, John. Making Hay While the Sun Shines (Saudi Arabia's revenues from oil). MEED 40:4-5 August 9, 1996.

Cooper, John and Hindley, Angus. Petrochemicals: Dawning of a New Era for Gulf Investors. MEED 40:2-3 July 5, 1996.

Dinar, Ariel and Wolf, Aaron. International Markets for Water and the Potential for Regional Cooperation: Economic and Political Perspectives in the Western Middle East. Economic Development & Cultural Change 43:43-67 October 1994.

Dry Politics. Middle East No.231:5 February 1994.

Feuilherade, Peter and George Alan. Resources: Water Pressure. Middle East No.229:31-33 December 1993.

Fisher, Franklin M. Water and Peace in the Middle East. Middle East International No.513:17 November 17, 1995.

George, Alan. Can Water Tankers Solve the Middle Eastern Water Crisis? Middle East No.258:25-26 July 1996.
Possible project for water to be shipped from Malaysia and Turkey to Israel.

George, Alan. Friction Flows Over Nile Waters. The Middle East No.278:15 May 1998.

George, Alan. Syria and Iraq Threaten Anti-European Action. Middle East No.255:21 April 1996.
Syria and Iraq threaten retaliation against European companies building the Birecik hydroelectric dam in Turkey, the latest in the dispute over the waters of the Euphrates River.

The Gulf: Towards the Year 2000 Middle East No.258:27-28 July-August 1996.

Guner, Serdar. The Turkish-Syrian War of Attrition: The Water Dispute. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 20, no.1:105-116 1997.

Hamidi, Ibrahim. Water Rights and Wrongs (Damascus) Middle East Insight 12:58-61 May-August 1996.

Hillel, Daniel. A Water Way to Mid-East Peace. Ceres 28:10-11 January 1996.
Fresh water is at the core of Middle East problems. Desalination of seawater may be the answer.

Hof, Frederic C. The Water Dimension of Golan Heights Negotiations. Middle East Policy 5:129-141 May 1997.

Horvitz, Leslie Alan. More Precious Even Than Oil (water). Insight on the News 13:42-43 March 17,1997.

Jordan Asks for More (water). Economist 343:52 May 17, 1997.
Discusses a dispute over Jordan's insistence that Israel supply it with more water under the terms of the 1994 Jordan-Israel Peace Treaty.

Keen, Montague. Whose Water Is It Anyway? Middle East No.231:27-28 February 1994.

Kemp, Peter and Petrossian, Vahe. Special Report: Oil & Gas. MEED 39:21-23+ July 21, 1995.

Kern, Nathaniel. Oil: Fifty Years of Cooperation. Middle East Insight Special Edition:60-61 1995.

Libiszewski, Stephan. Source of Life, Source of Strife. Swiss Review of World Affairs No.6:8-10 June 1994.

Lowi, Miriam R. Rivers of Conflict, Rivers of Peace. Journal of International Affairs 49:123-144 Summer 1995.
Explores the geopolitical implications of water scarcity in the Jordan and Euphrates River basins.

Mekay, Emad S. Egypt: $2 Billion Project to Make the Desert Bloom. Middle East No.265:20-21 March 1997.
Discusses the project to channel water via a canal from Lake Nasser to Egypt's western desert.

Morris, Mary E. Water and Conflict in the Middle East: Threats and Opportunities. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 20, no.1:1-14 1997.

Nachmani, Amikam. Water Jitters in the Middle East. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 20, no.1:67-94 1997.

Olson, Robert. Turkey-Syria Relations Since the Gulf War: Kurds and Water. Middle East Policy 5:168-193 May 1997.

Prusher, Ilene R. Water Lies at Heart of Mideast Land Fight. Christian Science Monitor, p 1, April 17, 1998.
Examines the conflict over water rights between Israel and Palestine, and the role water has played in the Israel-Arab conflicts.

Qatar: Gas Deals in the Pipeline. Middle East No.255:22-24 April 1996.

Rathmell, Andrew. Iran's Liquid Lifeline. Jane's Intelligence Review 7:411-414 September 1995.

Robinson, Gail. Resources: Watery Peaces? World Press Review 42:29 August 1995.
The struggles over water between Syria and Israel and Jordan and Israel are discussed.

Rouyer, Alwyn R. The Water Issue in the Palestinian-Israeli Peace Process Survival 39:57-81 Summer 1997.

Salmi, Ralph H. Water, the Red Line: The Interdependence of Palestinian and Israeli Water Resources Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 20, no.1:15-66 1997.

Scudder, Brian and Wild, Jon. Whose Nile Is It Anyway? Middle East No.233:34 April 1994.

Special Report: Oil & Gas. MEED 41:9-17 July 18, 1997.

Special Report: Oil & Gas. MEED 44:27-42 October 31, 1997.

Special Report: Power Engineering. MEED 41:7-13 January 31, 1997.
Focuses on power projects in the GCC, Saudi Arabia, Morocco, and Pakistan.

Special Report: Water MEED 40:6-13 January 26, 1996.

Special Report: Water MEED 41:7-12 January 24, 1997.
Offers several graphs on water availability from 1960 to 2025, estimates of water investment requirements 1996-2005, etc. Also offers two brief related articles on Lebanon's water storage projects, and Egypt's project for an irrigation system in the Western desert.

Stutz, Bruce. Water & Peace. Audubon 96:64-78 September-October 1994.
In the Middle East, where water is as precious as oil, the Jordan River is a pawn in a complicated diplomatic game.

Venter, Al. The Oldest Threat: Water in the Middle East. Jane's Intelligence Review 10:21-26 February 1998.
Reviews the situation with the Gaza going dry, Turkey's hydro-electric plans causing friction with Syria, and the Israeli agenda on water.

Venter, Al J. The Oldest Threat: Water in the Middle East. Middle East Policy 6:126-136 June 1998.

Wachtel, Boaz. From Peace Pipelines to Peace Canals. Middle East Insight 10:25-29 November-December 1993.

Wolf, Aaron T. and Dinar, Ariel. Middle East Hydropolitics and Equity Measures for Water-Sharing Agreements. Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies 19:69-93 Spring 1994.

Zanoyan, Vahan. After the Oil Boom. Foreign Affairs 74:2-7 November-December 1995.

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Last Updated: October 8, 1998

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