WESTERN AFRICA


November 2007

Compiled by Bibliography Branch
Muir S. Fairchild Research Information Center
Maxwell AFB, AL


Contents

The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Air Force of this Web site or the information, products, or services contained therein.  For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the U.S. Air Force does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations.  Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this DoD Web site. 

Some articles listed below require access to subscription databases.  If you cannot gain access, contact your local library for availability.  AU students and faculty can contact the Center's Web Maintainer for a password.

All sites listed were last accessed November 13, 2007.


Western Africa Region


Internet Resources

Amponsem-Boateng, Richard.  Prospects of the Economic Community of West African States Standby Force.  Ft. Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2006.  75 p. 
Available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA463757

The Changing Geography of Africa and the Middle East, edited by Graham P. Chapman and Kathleen M. Baker.  New York, Routledge, 2003.  252 p. 
Available online at:  http://www.netlibrary.com
To read this book you must first register with NetLibrary from Muir F. Fairchild Research Information Center. See table of contents for pages.


Books

Civil Militia:  Africa's Intractable Security Menace?, edited by David J. Francis.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2005.  300 p.
Civil Militias:  Threats to National and Human Security in West Africa, by Istifanus Zabadi, pp 117-130.
Book call no.:  322.42096 C582

Combating the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons in West Africa:  Handbook for the Training of Armed and Security Forces, edited by Anatole Ayissi and Ibrahima Sall.  Geneva, Switzerland, UNIDIR, 2005.  132 p.
Book call no.:  363.330966 C729

The Crisis of the State & Regionalism in West Africa:  Identity, Citizenship and Conflict, edited by W. Alade Fawole and Charles Ukeje.  Dakar, Senegal, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2005.  226 p.
Includes sections on ECOWAS.
Book call no.:  320.966 C932

Farah, Douglas.  Blood from Stones:  The Secret Financial Network of Terror.  New York, Broadway Books, 2004.  225 p.
Book call no.:  303.625 F219b

Fleming, Fergus.  Off the Map:  Tales of Endurance and Exploration.  New York, Atlantic Monthly Press, 2004.  518 p.
The Quest for the Niger, by Hugh Clapperton and Richard Lander.
Book call no.:  910.9 F597o

Forest, James J. F. and Sousa, Matthew V.  Oil and Terrorism in the New Gulf:  Framing U.S. Energy and Security Policies for the Gulf of Guinea.  Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2006.  329 p.
Book call no.:  333.8232 F716o

Francis, David J.  Uniting Africa:  Building Regional Peace and Security Systems.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2006.  278 p.
New Theater of Wars and Civil Conflicts:  Evolution of Security Regionalism and Peacekeeping Capacity in West Africa, pp 139-179.
Book call no.:  355.03356 F818u

Gilbert, Marie V.  Monitoring a Region in Crisis:  The European Union in West Africa.  Paris, European Union Institute for Security Studies, 2007.  81 p. (Chaillot Papers, no.96)
Book call no.:  327.4066 G465m

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Isichei, Elizabeth Allo.  The Religious Traditions of Africa:  A History.  Westport, CT, Praeger, 2004.  409 p.
Book call no.:  200.96 I81r

Kandeh, Jimmy D.  Coups from Below:  Armed Subalterns and State Power in West Africa.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  255 p.
Book call no.:  322.50966 K16c

Kryza, Frank T.  The Race for Timbuktu:  In Search of Africa's City of Gold.  New York, Ecco, 2006.  322 p.
Book call no.:  966.23 K94r

Leech, Gary M.  Crude Interventions:  The U.S., Oil and the New World (Dis)order.  New York, Zed Books, 2006.  248 p.
Includes chapter:  West Africa:  Exploiting the Other Gulf.
Book call no.:  327.73 L483c

N'Diaye, Boubacar and Saine, Abkoulaye S.  Not Yet Democracy:  West Africa Slow Farewell to Authoritarianism.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 2005.  224 p.
Book call no.:  322.50966 N337n

The New Regionalism in Africa, edited by J. Andrew Grant and Fredrik Soderbaum.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2003.  243 p. (The International Political Economy of New Regionalisms Series)
New Regionalism and Micro-Regionalism in South-Western Africa:  The Oil-Rich Enclave of Cabinda, by J. Andrew Grant, pp 125-143.
Book call no.:  327.6 N532

Resourcing Stability Operations and Reconstruction:  Past, Present, and Future, edited by Shannon A. Brown.  Washington, Industrial College of the Armed Forces, 2006.  126 p. (Dwight D. Eisenhower National Security Series)
Online version has minor differences.
Also available online at:  http://www.eisenhowerseries.com/pdfs/final_06/RSOR_PPF.pdf
Book call no.:  355.028 R434

Rhodes, Edward and others.  Presence, Prevention, and Persuasion:  A Historical Analysis of Military Force and Political Influence.  Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2004.  450 p.
La Chasse Gardee:  Post-World War II French West Africa, 1945-1970, by Sarah S. Milburn, pp 197-280.
Book call no.:  327.117 P933

Salak, Kirs.  The Cruelest Journey:  600 Miles to Timbuktu.  Washington, National Geographic, 2005.  230 p.
Book call no.:  916.62 S159c

Singer, Barnett.  Cultured Force:  Makers and Defenders of the French Colonial Empire.  Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin Press, 2004.  483 p.
Faidherbe of Senegal and West Africa, pp 91-116.
Book call no.:  325.344 S617c

Small Arms Survey 2006:  Unfinished Business.  New York, Oxford University Press, 2006.  344 p.
A Constant Threat:  Armed Groups in West Africa, pp 247-271.
Book call no.:  327.174 S635 2006

Souare, Issaka K.  Civil Wars and Coup D'états in West Africa:  An Attempt to Understand the Roots and Prescribe Possible Solutions.  Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 2006.  239 p.
Book call no.:  303.640966 S724c

Twisting Arms and Flexing Muscles:  Humanitarian Intervention and Peacebuilding in Perspective, edited by Natalie Nychajlyszyn and Timothy M. Shaw.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 2005.  151 p. (International Political Economy of New Regionalisms)
Book call no.:  341.584 T974

United States.  Congress.  Senate.  Committee on Foreign Relations.  Subcommittee on International Economic Policy, Export and Trade Promotion.  U.S. Energy Security:  West Africa and Latin America.  Hearing. 108th Congress, 1st session, October 21, 2003.  Washington, GPO, 2004.  77 p.
Book call no.:  337.73066 U58u

Water in the Middle East:  Cooperation and Technological Solutions in the Jordan Valley, edited by K. David Hambright and others.  Norman, OK, University of Oklahoma Press, 2006.  249 p.
Water Resources Scarcity in West Africa:  The Imperatives of Regional Cooperation, by Aondover Tarhule, pp 55-72.
Book call no.:  333.910095694 W324


Documents

Apogan-Yella, Austin A.  Underdevelopment:  Major Cause of Insecurity in West Africa.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2005.  24 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA431982
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 A643u

Evers, Suzanne E.  An Assessment of the U. S. Peacekeeping Training in West Africa:  Is It on the Road to Stability?  Ft. Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, June 2003.  65 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA416450
Doc. call no.:  M-U 442022 E932a

Metogo, Gabriel.  Security and Stability in the Gulf of Guinea.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College, March 2006.  18 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA448471
Doc. call no.:  M-U 39080-537 M593s


Periodicals

Adeyemi, Segun.  Nigeria's Spearheads Gulf of Guinea Protection Force.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:18 May 30, 2007.
"Nigeria and seven other African nations have decided to "set up a force to monitor their common interests in the Gulf of Guinea."

Akioye, Seun.  West Africa Being Fleeced at the Borders.  New African No.460:24-25 March 2007.
Cites "the frontiers of Benin-Nigeria, Benin-Togo, and Togo-Ghana as the corruption hotspots where custom officers worked in a difficult condition and travelers were intimidated."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24335334&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  Declining Standards of Living.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:28-29 January 2007.
"Water and sanitation are huge obstacles to good living standards in Africa, particularly in West and Central Africa."

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  West Africa:  Vocal Opposition to Military Plan.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:8-9 August 2007.
"American Pentagon's plans to create a military command based in Africa to expand U.S. security interests have met with disapproval from governments in the region, reluctant to associate themselves with its 'war on terror'."

Amos, Chris.  Navy's West African Presence Will Stay Strong, Admiral Says.  Navy Times 56:14 June 11, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://docs.newsbank.com

Budney, Mike.  Mission Improbable:  A U.S. Navy Charm Offensive in West Africa.  U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings 132:32-37 July 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21679204&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Diamonds:  How Crooks Still Exploit the System.  Africa Confidential 48:6-8 February 2, 2007.
Investigates the diamond trade in West Africa, Central Africa, and Southern Africa.

Erwin, Sandra I.  Navy Deeds in West Africa Aim to Curb Terrorism, Secure Access to Oil.  National Defense 91:63 August 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1118014291&sid=5&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Eshelby, Kate.  A Fishy Business, but Senegal and Guinea-Bissau Won't Be Beaten.  New African No.458:52-54 January 2007.
Discuses "efforts by the governments of Senegal and Guinea-Bissau in West Africa to implement the goals of the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002, which is to establish networks of Marine Protected Areas by 2012."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23620771&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Guinea Bissau/West Africa:  The Cocaine Web Spreads.  Africa Confidential 48:9 June 22, 2007.
"Latin America's drug lords are doing multimillion dollar business with West Africa's military and their politician pals."

Hodge, Nathan.  U.S. Navy Moves to Bolster Lasting Presence in the Gulf of Guinea.  Jane's International Defense Review 40:8 July 2007.
The U.S. Navy plans to send an amphibious ship to the Gulf of Guinea as a floating schoolhouse for regional navies."

King, Martin L.  A Job Well Done.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:21 June 2007.
"West Africa's military and defence experts commend their organisation for remaining loyal to civil authority."

Lubold, Gordon.  Building Bridges in Africa:  U. S. Hopes Efforts on West Coast Will Increase Economic Stability.  Air Force Times 67:36 July 24, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://docs.newsbank.com

Making a Difference in West Africa.  RUSI Journal 151:38-49 April 2006.
The British navy in West Africa.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1051393211&sid=2&Fmt=2&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Patterson, Patrick J.  Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea.  Joint Force Quarterly No.45:28-32 April 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25245796&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Scutro, Andrew.  Good-Will Hunting Drives West African Mission.  Navy Times 55:37 March 13, 2006.
The U.S. Navy is sending naval vessels to the Gulf of Guinea to establish good will in an area with resourses in oil and ore.
Also available online at:  http://docs.newsbank.com

Still a Rebels Best Friend.  Economist 381:53-54 November 11, 2006.
"The trade in conflict diamonds."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23158684&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

U.S. Focuses on Central Sahara.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:10-11 November 2006.

West Africa:  Anniversaries and Elections.  Africa Confidential 48:1-4 January 12, 2007.
"Voters gather in Nigeria, Mali and Senegal while diplomats head to Accra for celebrations and summits."

West Africa:  Post-War Hopes Hit Trouble - in Freetown and Abidjan.  Africa Confidential 48:6-8 June 22, 2007.

West Africa/United States:  All Aboard.  Africa Confidential 48:12 June 22, 2007.
"The new United States Africa Command is not yet operational but the U. S. Navy plans to put ships into the Gulf of Guinea before the formal start up."

Wright, Joanna.  African Drug Trade:  Drug Traffickers Head West.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:38-41 April 2007.
"The government of Senegal has launched the Cape Verde Integrated Crime and Narcotics Program to the increased threat of international infiltration by cocaine cartels."


Benin


Internet Resources

Benin.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bn.html
General information about each country.

Benin.  Background Notes May 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/6761.htm
Information about Benin including U.S. relations.

Government of Benin Website
Available online at:  http://www.gouv.bj/
Website is in French.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/benin.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Millennium Challenge Corporation:  Progress and Challenges with Compacts in Africa  GAO Reports June 29, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=25907342&site=ehost-live
The Government Accountability Office looks at the administration of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (as established by Congress in 2004) aid to five African countries Madagascar, Cape Verde, Benin, Ghana, and Mali.

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.  
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

The Fate of Africa's Democratic Experiments:  Elites and Institutions, edited by Leonardo A. Villalon and Peter VonDoepp.  Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2005.  324 p.
Democratic Legitimacy in Benin:  Institutions and Identity in a Regional Context, by Bruce A. Magnuson, pp 75-95.
Book call no.:  320.96 F252

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

N'Diaye, Boubacar and Saine, Abkoulaye S.  Not Yet Democracy:  West Africa Slow Farewell to Authoritarianism.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 2005.  224 p.
Book call no.:  322.50966 N337n

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007


Periodicals

Akioye, Seun.  West Africa Being Fleeced at the Borders.  New African No.460:24-25 March 2007.
Cites "the frontiers of Benin-Nigeria, Benin-Togo, and Togo-Ghana as the corruption hotspots where custom officers worked in a difficult condition and travelers were intimidated."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24335334&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Benin.  Military Technology 31, no.1:300-301 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bierschenk, Thomas.  The Local Appropriation of Democracy:  An Analysis of the Municipal Elections in Parakou, Republic of Benin, 2002-2003.  Journal of Modern African Studies 44:543-571 December 2006.

Boko, Michee.  Country Profile:  Benin.  New Internationalist No.393:38 September 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22511033&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Remarks Following a Meeting with President Thomas Yayi Boni of Benin.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 42:2157-2158 December 18, 2006.
"President Bush emphasizes the U. S. government's commitment to help Benin and other African countries deal with malaria and other significant problems."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23631710&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Dovi, Efam.  Humanitas Working to Keep African Children in School.  New African No.464:90-91 July 2007.
Humanitas Afrika endeavors to keep African children in school.  Programs to support children from socially disadvantaged families in Kenya, Ghana and Benin are discussed.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25763049&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Meur, Pierre-Yv es Le.  State Making and the Politics of the Frontier in Central Benin.  Development & Change 37:871-900 July 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22326826&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Burkina Faso


Internet Resources

Burkina Faso.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uv.html
General information about each country.

Burkina Faso.  Background Notes April 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2834.htm
Information about Burkina Faso including U.S. relations.

Embassy of Burkina Faso in the United States
Available online at:  http://www.burkinaembassy-usa.org/

Galli, Peter.  Out of Africa.  eWeek 24:6-8 July 9, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25752123&site=ehost-live
"Discusses the author's experience of going to Burkina Faso in Western Africa to cover the challenges and opportunities that Microsoft Corp. and its partners are facing in bringing computer access to the country."

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/burkina.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.  
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."

Your Money or Your Life.  Truck & Driver February 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=23760553&site=ehost-live
"Focuses on the growing crime rate along the highways Burkina Faso."


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Kandeh, Jimmy D.  Coups from Below:  Armed Subalterns and State Power in West Africa.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  255 p.
Burkina Faso:  "Robin Hood of the Sahel," pp 119-141.
Book call no.:  322.50966 K16c

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007


Periodicals

Burkina Faso.  Military Technology 31, no.1:301-302 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rand, Matthew and Barrett, William P.  Twilight Orezone?  Forbes 179:28 April 23, 2007.
Orezone Resources, a minerals explorer, of Canada is operating around Burkina Faso.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24722060&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Cape Verde


Internet Resources

Cape Verde.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cv.html
General information about each country.

Cape Verde.  Background Notes July 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2835.htm
Information about Cape Verde including U.S. relations.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/capeverde.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Millennium Challenge Corporation:  Progress and Challenges with Compacts in Africa.  GAO Reports June 29, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=25907342&site=ehost-live
The Government Accountability Office looks at the administration of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (as established by Congress in 2004) aid to five African countries Madagascar, Cape Verde, Benin, Ghana, and Mali.

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007


Periodicals

Baker, Bruce.  Cape Verde:  The Most Democratic Nation in Africa?  Journal of Modern African Studies 44:493-511 December 2006.

Cape Verde.  Military Technology 31, no.1:303-304 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Cote D'lvoire


Internet Resources

Côte D'Ivoire.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/iv.html
General information about each country.

Côte D'Ivoire.  Background Notes May 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2846.htm
Information about Côte D'Ivoire including U.S. relations.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/cotedivoire.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.  
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."

Stalemate in Côte D'Ivoire.  Global Agenda November 11, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=23087111&site=ehost-live
Discusses UN efforts to settle the political crisis in Côte D'Ivoire.

Zambie, Fulgence.  Ivory Coast:  Lingering Quarrels Delay Peace Process.  New York Amsterdam News May 17, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25246022&site=ehost-live
"Reports that a peace accord signed by government and rebel leaders has put an end to conflicts in Ivory Coast."


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

MacQueen, Norrie.  Peacekeeping and the International System.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  286 p.
Africa I:  Decolonization in Contested Legitimacy, pp 180-210. 
Africa II:  Peacekeeping in Stateless Terrain, pp 211-233.
Book call no.:  341.584 M1731p

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

N'Diaye, Boubacar and Saine, Abkoulaye S.  Not Yet Democracy:  West Africa Slow Farewell to Authoritarianism.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 2005.  224 p.
Book call no.:  322.50966 N337n

Soyibo, Adedoyin.  Health-Care Delivery under Conflict:  How Prepared Is West Africa?  Ibadan, Nigeria, University Press PLC, 2005.  191 p.
Book call no.:  610.69096 S731h

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Thompson, Alex.  An Introduction to African Politics.  2nd ed.  New York, Routledge, 2004.  284 p.
Case Study:  Personal Role in Côte D'Ivoire, pp 122-128.
Book call no.:  320.96 R896i


Periodicals

Akarue, Josephine.  Côte D'Ivoire Still Sitting in Limbo.  New African No.457:88-90 December 2006.
"Looks into the different stands of Ivorian Coast President Laurent Gbagbo and Prime Minister Charles Konan Banny of the United Nations Resolution 1721, a peace plan adopted in November 2006."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23344010&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  Child Soldier:  The Practice Continues.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:7 April 2007.
Child soldiers are still being used in Burundi, Chad, DR Congo, Ivory Coast, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  Ivory Coast:  No Deal Yet.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:6 April 2007.
"A British law firm Leigh Day & Co representing 4000 victims of a toxic waste incident in Ivory Coast, says it will not halt its group action against Dutch-based oil trading group Trafigura despite the recent deal by Trafigura to pay the Ivorian government $198 million for a clean up."

Balint-Kurti, Daniel.  Ready for Peace, Ready for War.  World Today 63:24-26 May 2007.
"Reports on the implications of the signing of a new peace accord by President Laurent Gbagbo of Côte D'Ivoire with rebels occupying the north of the country."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1276983111&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Banegas, Richard.  Côte D'Ivoire:  Patriotism, Ethnonationalism and Other African Modes of Self-Writing.  African Affairs 105:535-552 October 2006.
"Examines the politics of Ivorian 'patriotic' youth in the light of Achille Mbembe's influential ideas on African modes of self-representation."

Bernstein, Nina.  Taking the War Out of a Child Soldier.  New York Times 156:29-32 May 13, 2007.
"Offers information regarding the lawsuit involving Salifou Yankene, who was enlisted as a child soldier by rebel troops in Ivory Coast" and later escaped to New York City.

Boone, Catherine.  Africa's New Territorial Politics:  Regionalism in the Open Economy in Côte D'Ivoire.  African Studies Review 50:59-81 April 2007.

Bush, George W.  Message to the Congress on Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect of Côte D'Ivoire.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 43:123 February 12, 2007.
President Bush "sent a notice to the 'Federal Register' for publication that the national emergency and related measures blocking the property of some persons contributing to the conflict in Côte D'Ivoire are to continue in effect beyond February 7."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24186692&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Notice - Continuation of the National Emergency Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Conflict in Côte D'Ivoire.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 43:122-123 February 12, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24186699&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Carving Up the Country.  Economist 382:43-44 March 10, 2007.
"A new deal offers the best chance yet for ending a civil war."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24323713&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Côte D'Ivoire.  Military Technology 31, no.1:308-310 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Côte D'Ivoire:  All Their Own Work.  Africa Confidential 48:9 March 16, 2007.
"Government and rebels proposed their own deal, so goodbye to the international peacekeepers."

Côte D'Ivoire:  Banny's Bonus.  Africa Confidential 47:12 November 3, 2006.
"The French-sponsored resolution at the United Nations Security Council on 1 November, increasing the powers of Premier Charles Konan Banny at the expense of President Laurent Gbabbo, is likely to prompt more political infighting."

Côte D'Ivoire:  Blood Chocolate.  Africa Confidential 48:12 June 8, 2007.
Report states that "Ivorian rebels may earn more from taxes on cocoa beans than from 'blood diamonds.'"

Côte D'Ivoire:  Buying Time.  Africa Confidential 48:12 February 16, 2007.
Discusses the reaction to "irregular war-time army recruits mutinied in five towns in early February in a protest over pay."

Côte D'Ivoire:  Diamonds, Gold and Guns.  Africa Confidential 47:9 October 20, 2006.
"Both sides in the divided country exploit the underground economy to pay for fresh weapons."

Côte D'Ivoire:  Oiling the Wheels of Peace.  Africa Confidential 48:12 April 27, 2007.
"Rapidly rising oil earnings could help to restore Côte D'Ivoire's status as the economic giant of Francophone West Africa."

Côte D'Ivoire:  Strangers in the Night.  Africa Confidential 48:12 January 19, 2007.
Investigates suspicious border attacks.

Côte D'Ivoire:  The Bank Test.  Africa Confidential 48:12 May 25, 2007.
Wonders if the African Development Bank will relocate in Abidjan, Côte D'Ivoire.

Côte D'Ivoire:  The Toxic Trade.  Africa Confidential 47:4-5 October 6, 2006.
"How lethal waste came to Abidjan and who brought it there."

Côte D'Ivoire:  Toxic Traffic.  Africa Confidential 48:11 February 16, 2007.
Uncovers "a pattern of oil industry waste dumping in Côte d'Ivoire by foreign companies stretching back several years."

Côte D'Ivoire:  Toxic Trials.  Africa Confidential 47:12 October 20, 2006.

Ivory Coast Takes Step to Unify Military Forces.  New York Times 156:A9 March 17, 2007.
The government of the Ivory Coast and rebel forces have agreed to create a joint military command.

Kahn, Jeremy.  Toxic City.  Fortune 154:24 October 30, 2006.
"Investigators in the impoverished African nation of Ivory Coast are trying to figure out how 600 tons of toxic sludge wound up in the sewers, fields, and lagoons of the country's largest city, Abidjan."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=22810690&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

King, Martin L.  Another Chance for Peace.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:28-29 May 2007.
"A leading rebel leader takes charge of government in Ivory Coast, promising to bring peace and order to the beleaguered country."

King, Martin L.  Making Haste Slowly.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:22-23 December 2006.
"The road to peace remains a long and winding one for Ivory Coast."

King, Martin L.  New Setback for Peace.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:34-35 September 2006.
"Loyalists of President Gbagbo disrupt efforts aimed at building a solid foundation for peaceful coexistence in Ivory Coast."

Koulibaly, Mamadou.  Côte D'Ivoire a French Exception.  New African No.459:40-42 February 2007.
"Assesses the performances of French president Jacques Chirac during his 12-years in office particularly his responsibilities involving Côte D'Ivoire."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23942419&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mackenzie, Debora.  Something Rotten in Africa, and Rich Nations Put It There.  New Scientist 191:8 September 23, 2006.
"Reports that 40,000 people complain of vomiting, rashes, breathing difficulties and headache due to the dumping of 400 tons of petrochemical sludge into the city of Abidjan in the Ivory Coast."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22578052&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

A Peace Plan under Threat.  Economist 384:48 July 21, 2007.
"Discusses an assassination attempt on June 29, 2007, against Côte D'Ivoire's new prime minister Guillaume Soro."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25847611&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Poisonous Days.  Economist 380:58 September 16, 2006.
"A toxic-waste scandal shows up the country's fragility."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22407421&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Polgreen, Lydia.  Ivory Coast Leader Signs Accord with Rebels.  New York Times 156:A10 March 5, 2007.
President Gbagbo and rebel leader Soro sign an accord "to end a political impasse and reunite the country."

Polgreen, Lydia.  Ivory Coast Premier Survives Attack on His Plane in a Rebel Area.  New York Times 156:A7 June 30, 2007.
Prime Minister Soro survives a rebel attack on his airplane "when it landed in the northern rebel strong hold of Bouake."

Polgreen, Lydia.  A War Ends in Ivory Coast, but Peace, Order and Unity Are Flickering Dreams.  New York Times 156:22 August 9, 2006.
Discusses the political condition in Côte D'Ivoire after an agreement was signed between the government and a rebel group.

Progress in Abidjan.  New African No.462:48 May 2007.
Investigates the transitional government in Côte D'Ivoire.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25018479&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Regional Ethnic Diffusion, State Authoritarianism in the Crisis of Post-Colonial Reconstruction in Côte D'Ivoire.  Journal of Third World Studies 23:189-202 Fall 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24330843&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Taverna, Michael A.  Digital Brigade.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 165:67 July 24, 2006.
"Reports on the trials by the French army to test a fully equipped digital brigade in the Ivory Coast."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1084193391&sid=5&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Tete, Ruth.  Africans Are Too Afraid to Be Free.  New African No.461:44-46 April 2007.
Interviews President Laurent Gbagbo about the crisis in Côte D'Ivoire.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24621219&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Tete, Ruth.  Côte D'Ivoire:  'It Is an Economic War Orchestrated by France.'  New African No.453:40-42 July 2006.
"Paris is using this war as a pressure device to commit us into agreeing not to challenge the 1960s cooperation agreements signed between our country and France."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21500180&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ultimatum in Ivory Coast.  New York Times 155:A5 August 9, 2006.
Rebels in northern Côte D'Ivoire opposes President Gbagbo's continued tenure.

West Africa:  Post-War Hopes Hit Trouble - in Freetown and Abidjan.  Africa Confidential 48:6-8 June 22, 2007.

Witcher, Pureterrah.  Hate Media Gagging Côte D'Ivoire's Peace Process.  UN Chronicle 43:36-37 September-November 2006.
"Focuses on the involvement of the media in the peace process in Côte D'Ivoire."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23359907&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Gambia


Internet Resources

Gambia.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ga.html
General information about each country.

Gambia.
Available online at:  http://www.gambia.gm/
Web site for the Department of State for Trade Industry and Employment of Gambia.

Gambia.  Background Notes May 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5459.htm
Information about Gambia including U.S. relations.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/gambia.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."

Riley, Ryan.  Playing Marbles.  Harvard International Review Winter 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24468403&site=ehost-live
Comments "on the marble voting method used in the Republic of The Gambia presidential election of 2006 in which citizens cast their vote by dropping a marble into a medal from."


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Kandeh, Jimmy D.  Coups from Below:  Armed Subalterns and State Power in West Africa.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  255 p.
The Gambia:  Despot from Kannillai, pp 179-199.
Book call no.:  322.50966 K16c

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

N'Diaye, Boubacar and Saine, Abkoulaye S.  Not Yet Democracy:  West Africa Slow Farewell to Authoritarianism.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 2005.  224 p.
Book call no.:  322.50966 N337n

Small States in World Politics:  Explaining Foreign-Policy Behavior, edited by Jeanne A. K. Hey.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003.  230 p.
Gambia:  The Military and Foreign Policy, by Abdoulaye Saine, pp 117-134.
Book call no.:  327.101 S6351

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007


Periodicals

Baldeh, Ebrima.  Gambia's First University Proves It's Worth.  New African No.461:40 April 2007.
"Focuses on the success of the University of Gambia, the first and only university in the country that was created in 1999."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24621217&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Coup Plotters Convicted.  New African No.462:142 May 2007.
"On 19 April, 10 suspected coup plotters in The Gambia were sentenced between 10 years in jail to life imprisonment by a military court in the capital, Banjul."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25018507&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gambia.  Military Technology 31, no.1:313-314 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Gambia:  Bad Medicine.  Africa Confidential 48:12 March 2, 2007.
"President Yahya Jammeh is unhappy when foreign journalists betray scepticism about his proclaimed cure for AIDS."

Gambia:  Democratic Deficits.  Africa Confidential 47:8 August 4, 2006.
Snap elections sends the opposition parties scrambling to organize.

Gambia:  Easy for Jammeh.  Africa Confidential 47:8 September 8, 2006.
Predicts easy reelection for President Yahya Jammeh.

Gambia:  Jammeh Tomorrow.  Africa Confidential 47:7 October 6, 2006.
"The president's boast that he will hold power for the next 40 years no longer looks so idle."

Hernlund, Ylva and Shell-Duncan, Bettina.  Contingency, Context, and Change:  Negotiating Female Genital Cutting in The Gambia and Senegal.  Africa Today 53:43-57 Summer 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25515225&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

King, Martin L.  A Foregone Conclusion.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:23 November 2006.
"President Jammeh wins again but opposition parties are still crying foul."

King, Martin L.  Jammeh for Ever?  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:32-33 September 2006.
"President Yahya Jammeh, seeking a third term in office, appears unbeatable in The Gambia's forthcoming presidential polls."

King, Martin L.  Tension over Aborted Coup.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:33 September 2006.
"Government threatens fire and brimstone after foiling an alleged coup plot.  Was the plot real?"

Presidential Miracle Cure.  Economist 383:54 April 28, 2007.
"An authoritarian ruler who says he can cure AIDS."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24886998&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Senegal/Gambia:  Crossing the River.  Africa Confidential 47:12 December 15, 2006.
"Since March, fighting has raged between rebels and troops in Senegal's southern Casamance province, driving more than 10,000 refugees across the border."

Shardow, Mohammed.  Gambian Media Lives under Constant Fear.  African Agenda 9, no.4:31-32 2006.
"Media freedom in the Gambia has been tied closely to the exit of President Yahya Jammeh.  He has won another five-year term. What this means to journalists is that, they will continue to live under constant fear."

Shultz, Newell M.  Political Inclusion and Parliamentary Changes Among Thirteen States in the Former British Africa.  Africa Insight 36:7-24 June 2006.


Ghana


Internet Resources

Ghana.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html
General information about each country.

Ghana.  Background Notes May 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2860.htm
Information about Ghana including U.S. relations.

Ghana Home Page. 
Available online at:  http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/index.php
Calls itself "your comprehensive resource about the country of Ghana."

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/ghana.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Millennium Challenge Corporation:  Progress and Challenges with Compacts in Africa  GAO Reports June 29, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=25907342&site=ehost-live
The Government Accountability Office looks at the administration of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (as established by Congress in 2004) aid to five African countries Madagascar, Cape Verde, Benin, Ghana, and Mali.

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Ayensu, K. B. and Darkwa, S. N.  The Evolution of Parliament in Ghana.  Rev. ed.  Legon, Accra, Ghana, Sub-Saharan Publishers, 2006.  171 p.
Book call no.:  328.667 A976e

Ayensu, K. B. and Darkwa, S. N.  How Our Parliament Functions:  An Introduction to the Law, Practice and Procedure of the Parliament of Ghana.  Rev. ed.  Legon, Accra, Ghana, Sub-Saharan Publishers, 2006.  94 p.
Book call no.:  328.66705 A976h

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

The Crisis of the State & Regionalism in West Africa:  Identity, Citizenship and Conflict, edited by W. Alade Fawole and Charles Ukeje.  Dakar, Senegal, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2005.  226 p.
National Reconciliation or Polarisation?  Preliminary reelections on the Politics of Ghana National Reconciliation Commission, by Kwame Boafo-Arthur, pp 105-126.
Book call no.:  320.966 C932

Democratic Reform in Africa:  Its Impact on Governance & Poverty Alleviation, edited by Muna Ndulo.  Athens, OH, Ohio University Press, 2006.  304 p.
Challenges of Economic Reform & Democratization:  Some Lessons from Ghana, by Tsatu Tsikata, pp 99-107.
Book call no.:  320.96 D3832

Diplomacy and Developing Nations:  Post-Cold War Foreign-Policy, Making Structures and Processes, edited by Justin Robertson and Maurice A. East.  New York, Routledge, 2005.  280 p. (Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics, no.32)
Ghana:  Economic Dependence and Marginalized Foreign Policy-Making, by John Akokpari, pp 181-199.
Book call no.:  327.09172 D596

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Hasty, Jennifer.  The Press and Political Culture in Ghana.  Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2005.  189 p.
Book call no.:  079.667 H358p

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Kandeh, Jimmy D.  Coups from Below:  Armed Subalterns and State Power in West Africa.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  255 p.
Ghana:  Mainstreaming "Junior Jesus," pp 65-96.
Book call no.:  322.50966 K16c

Meisler, Stanley.  Kofi Annan:  A Man of Peace in a World of War.  Hoboken, NJ, Wiley & Sons, 2007.  372 p.
Book call no.:  341.23092 M515k

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Reclaiming the Land:  The Resurgence of Rural Movements in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, edited by Sam Moyo and Paris Yeros.  New York, Zed Books, 2005.  426 p.
Night Harvesters, Forest Hoods and Saboteurs:  Struggles over Land Expropriation in Ghana, by Kojo Sebastian Amanor, pp 102-117.
Book call no.:  333.31 R299

Sites of Violence:  Gender and Conflict Zones, edited by Winona Giles and Jennifer Hyndman.  Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 2004.  361 p.
Chapter 7:  Geographies of Violence:  Women and Conflict in Ghana, by Valerie Preston and Madeleine Wong.
Book call no.:  303.6 S623

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Thompson, Alex.  An Introduction to African Politics.  2nd ed.  New York, Routledge, 2004.  284 p.
Case Study:  Ghana's Structural Adjustment, pp 192-199.
Book call no.:  320.96 R896i

Wilson, Ernest J., III.  The Information Revolution and Developing Countries.  Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2004.  431 p.
Strategic Restructuring in Ghana, pp 173-222.
Book call no.:  303.4833 W747i


Periodicals

Abdul-Korah, Gariba B.  'Where Is Not Home?'  Dagaaba Migrants in the Brong Ahafo Region, 1982 the Present.  African Affairs 106:71-94 January 2007.
"Explores the factors that have culminated in the mass movement of Daggaaba men and women to the Brong Ahafo region and the reasons why 'step' Dagaaba migrants are relocating to the Brong Ahafo region in large numbers instead of going back home (to the north) as many of their predecessors did."

Adjei-Poku, Richard.  Our Testimony.  African Agenda 9, no.4:14 2006.
"One of the latest communities to have been negatively affected by activities of a mining company opened (Newmont Ghana Gold) in the Ahafo District of Ghana, recounts its experience."

Akioye, Seun.  West Africa Being Fleeced at the Borders.  New African No.460:24-25 March 2007.
Cites "the frontiers of Benin-Nigeria, Benin-Togo, and Togo-Ghana as the corruption hotspots where custom officers worked in a difficult condition and travelers were intimidated."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24335334&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ankomah, Baffour.  Ecobank Is Leaving the Competition Behind.  New African No.454:54-55 August-September 2006.
"Reports on the new business operation of Ecobank in the west and central African countries, particularly in Ghana and Nigeria."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21984725&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Around the Navy.  Navy Times 55:7 August 21, 2006.
"Forty-two members of the Naval Forces Europe's Task Force 67 began working with their counterparts in the Ghanaian navy and air force in Accra, Ghana."
Also available online at:  http://docs.newsbank.com

Bankruptcy and Burials.  Economist 383:49 May 26, 2007.
"Reports that Ghanaian funerals are ruinously expensive."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25216103&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Binns, Tony and others.  Decentralising Poverty?  Reflections on the Experience of Decentralisation and the Capacity to Achieve Local Development in Ghana in South Africa.  Africa Insight 35:21-31 December 2005.

Boateng, Osei.  Ghana New Currency in July 2007.  New African No.458:54-55 January 2007.
Discusses the replacement of Ghana's currency.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23620772&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Chau, Donovan C.  Assistance of a Different Kind:  Chinese Political Warfare in Ghana, 1958-1966.  Comparative Strategy 26:141-161 April 2007.
"This historical case study of Chinese political warfare in Ghana sheds light on China's past operations in Africa, which has direct implications for its current policies and potential responses to them."

Dovi, Efam.  Onetouch Is Touching More People.  New African No.454:58-59 August-September 2006.
"Ghana's second largest mobile service provider, Onetouch, is pursuing an aggressive expansion programme to meet the demands of the market."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21984727&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Duodu, Cameron.  From Gold Coast to Ghana.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:8-12 March 2007.
Celebrates 50 years of independence in Ghana.

Duodu, Cameron.  Water, Water, Everywhere and Not a Drop in the Dam!  New African No.464:54-55 July 2007.
"Reflects on the effects of natural disasters and the importance of energy conservation in Accra, Ghana."

Electricity Crisis Worsens.  New African No.463:40-41 June 2007.
Excerpts from a press conference called by the Committee for Joint Action dealing with the electricity crisis in Ghana.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25485188&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Fridy, Kevin S.  The Elephant, Umbrella, and Quarrelling Cocks:  Disagregating Partnership in Ghana's Fourth Republic.  African Affairs 106:281-305 April 2007.
Discusses the voting preferences of Ghana's electorate.

Gendall, Graham.  Ghana's Golden Coast.  History Today 57:18-19 March 2007.
"Describes the history of Ghana, as it celebrates its 50th anniversary."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24441838&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ghana.  Military Technology 31, no.1:314-315 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ghana @ 50 Model for Africa?  African Agenda 10, no.2:4-19 2007.
Many articles about the 50th anniversary of Ghana's independence.

Ghana:  Anniversary Boycott.  Africa Confidential 48:12 February 16, 2007.
Ghanaians distrust their judges.

Ghana:  Banished Ballots.  Africa Confidential 48:10-11 May 25, 2007.
"The debate over exiles having the right to vote combines with power-cuts to bring the opposition out on the streets."

Ghana:  Everyone's in the Race.  Africa Confidential 48:1-2 July 20, 2007.
"Would-be presidential candidates crop up everywhere, with pots of money and hopes of oil."

Ghana:  Penalty Shoot-Out.  Africa Confidential 47:3 December 15, 2006.
"The opposition NDC will choose its flagbearer next week and the wrong choice could be fatal."

Ghana:  Snow White.  Africa Confidential 47:8 July 21, 2006.
Examines drug law enforcement in Ghana.

Ghana:  The Soft Sell at 50.  Africa Confidential 48:3 March 16, 2007.
"Half a century after Kwame Nkrumah, pan-Africanism and military coups, the Black Star has a chance to reinvent himself."

Gyasi Jnr, Stephen.  Ghana Gets New Currency.  New African No.464:33 July 2007.
Ghana establishes a new currency.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25763029&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hilson, Gavin and others.  'To Move or Not to Move':  Reflections on the Resettlement of Artisanal Miners in the Western Region of Ghana.  African Affairs 106:413-436 July 2007.

Jnr, Stephen Gyasi.  The Race for Kufour's Mantle.  New African No.462:36-37 May 2007.
Reports "on the 15 aspirants from the ruling party who want to succeed President John Kufour."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25018474&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kelly, Bob and Bening, R. B.  Ideology, Regionalism, Self-Interest in Tradition:  An Investigation into Contemporary Politics in Northern Ghana.  Africa 77, no.2:180-206 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25614612&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

King, Martin L.  Battle for the Top Job.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:22-25 August 2007.
Many candidates seek the position of president of Ghana more than a year before elections.

King, Martin L.  Clean Bill of Health.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:20-21 June 2007.
"Ghana's defence minister gets the okay in a probe of military contracts for the supply of helicopters and sundry spares."

King, Martin L.  Free Market Regrets.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:29-31 December 2006.
"Reliance on free-market forces has become a double-edged sword for the Ghanaian economy."

King, Martin L.  'Ghana Has Gained Credibility.'  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:29-31 December 2006.
Interviews Minister of Trade Alan Kyeremanten about trade opportunities and the economy.

King, Martin L.  The Pride of Africa.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:20-27+ April 2007.
Discusses celebrations marking the 50th anniversary of Ghana's independence.

King, Martin L.  Return of the Favourite Son.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:17-21 March 2007.
"Former UN Secretary-General is back in his home country Ghana. Africa Today's Martin Luther King uses his homecoming as the backdrop for a review of Ghana's foreign-policy in the last 50 years."

Klintings, Dennis.  Over One Million Tourist Targeted This Year.  New African No.460:61 March 2007.
"Reports on the series of activities to develop tourism in Ghana."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24335342&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lentz, Carola.  Decentralisation, the State and Conflicts over Local Boundaries in Northern Ghana.  Development & Change 37:901-919 July 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22326825&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mitchell, Paul.  Mining and Economic Growth:  The Case for Ghana and Tanzania.  South African Journal of International Affairs 13:53-67 Winter-Spring 2006.

Morrison, Minion K. C. and Jaw Woo Honhg.  Ghana's Political Parties:  How Ethno/Regional Variation Sustained The National Two-Party System.  Journal of Modern African Studies 44:623-647 December 2006.

My Life on the Run.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:22-27 May 2007.
"Former bodyguard of Ghana's founding leader Nkrumah, talks to Africa Today about his boss and 'father', as the military juntas that ruled the country and his life as a wanted man."

Omojola, Biodun.  Ghana's New "Gold".  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:35-37 August 2007.
"Recent discovery of crude oil in Ghana has again put the spotlight on the tiny west African nation."

Orhin, Isabella G.  Ghana, the Pin-Up Model Stuck in the Throes of Labour Unrest.  African Agenda 10, no.1:36-38 2007.
Discusses a 10 week strike by the National Association of Graduate Teachers.

Overa, Ragnhild.  Networks, Distance, and Trust:  Telecommunications Development and Changing Trading Practices in Ghana.  World Development 34:1301-1315 July 2006.

Shultz, Newell M.  Political Inclusion and Parliamentary Changes Among Thirteen States in the Former British Africa.  Africa Insight 36:7-24 June 2006.

Teal, Francis.  Consumption and Welfare in Ghana in the 1990s.  Journal of Development Studies 42:1252-1269 October 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22897282&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Thinking Out of the Box.  Economist 383:65 April 7, 2007.
"How African cocoa-grower are moving upstream into chocolate."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24617828&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Whiteman, Kaye.  The Tipping Points.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:12-16 March 2007.
Concludes that in Ghana "the idea of total liberation championed by the country's founding father Kwame Nkrumah is still a work in progress."


Guinea


Internet Resources

Guinea.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gv.html
General information about each country.

Guinea.  Background Notes April 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2824.htm
Information about Guinea including U.S. relations.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guinea.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

No Refuge:  The Crisis of Refugee Militarization in Africa, edited by Robert Muggah.  New York, Zed Books, 2006.  261 p.
The Militarization and Demilitarization of Refugee Camps and Settlements in Guinea, 1999-2004, by James Milner, pp 51-87.
Book call no.:  355.0213 N739

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007


Periodicals

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  Guinea:  New Reserves of Uranium.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:10 September 2007.

AU Condemns Guinea's Crackdown.  New African No.460:98 March 2007.
The African Union disapproves of Guinea's President Lansana Conté for using military force against civilian populations.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24335357&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Blood and Diamonds.  Economist 382:48 January 27, 2007.
"One of Africa's worst-run countries faces violent change."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23857200&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Guinea.  Military Technology 31, no.1:315-316 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Guinea:  Bad Moon Rising.  Africa Confidential 48:12 January 19, 2007.
"A general strike by two trade unions ... is threatening President Lansana Conte's grip on power."

Guinea/Congo-Kinshasa:  Presidential Chopper.  Africa Confidential 47:12 November 17, 2006.
"Congolese President Joseph Kabila's campaign helicopter is at the centre of a legal battle between Belgian businessman Philippe de Moerloose and Guinea's Paramount Airlines' Ismael Doukoure."

Guinea:  Conte Goes Another Round.  Africa Confidential 48:9 February 16, 2007.
"The appointment of presidential ally as new prime minister has worsened the confrontation on the streets."

Guinea:  Countdown for Conté.  Africa Confidential 47:8 August 25, 2006.
Discuss the deteriorating medical condition of President Conté.

Guinea:  Starting Guns.  Africa Confidential 47:8 June 23, 2006.
Nigerian soldiers "fired on pupils protesting against the postponement of examinations."

Guinea:  The Strike That Shook Conte.  Africa Confidential 48:4-5 February 2, 2007.
"As tensions rise, the President and his civilian opponents will lose if the military launches a coup d'état."

Guinea:  The Troops the Red.  Africa Confidential 48:8 May 25, 2007.
"As soldiers riot and elections are postponed, even the African Union tells Conté it's time to go."

Guinea:  Trades Union Truce.  Africa Confidential 48:12 March 2, 2007.
"The political truce which greeted President Lansana Conte's appointment of Lansana Kouyate as Prime Minister will be short-lived unless there is a speedy transfer of power."

Guinea:  Under New Management.  Africa Confidential 48:9 April 13, 2007.
President Lansana Conté clings on, but with a new government and his power diluted."

Jourde, Cedric.  The International Relations of Small Neoauthoritarian States:  Islamism, Warlordism, and the Framing of Stability.  International Studies Quarterly 51:481-503 June 2007.
"Analyzes how two small authoritarian African regimes, Guinea and Mauritania, have enacted a series of performances such as the arrest of 'Islamist, warlords,' and other transnational 'subversive threats,' thereby framing their domestic and foreign policies in ways that resonate with hegemonic international discourses, seeking to obtain either more support from Western states or to lower their democratization pressure (or both)."

Key Transitions.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy  35, no. 2:17 2007.
Briefly discusses Eugene Camara, the new Prime Minister of Guinea and President Wade claiming a win in first round presidential elections.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1262386331&sid=6&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

King, Martin L.  Deadlocked!  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:24-25+ March 2007.
"President Conte and Guinea's unions and opposition parties have reached an impasse over how to tackle their country's political and economic problems."

King, Martin L.  Education with Tears.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:23-24 January 2007.
"In Guinea, government neglect has slowly seen to the destruction of the education system."

King, Martin L.  Struggle for Power.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:13 July 2006.
"Infighting rocks the Guinean government, leading to the ouster of reformist Prime Minister Cellou Dalein Diallo."

Machenheimer, Sabine.  Guinea's President Faces Down Calls for His Resignation.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:4 March 2007.
"Focuses on increasing pressure facing Guinean President Lansana Conte to resign and hand over power to a transitional government."

Polgreen, Lydia.  Discontent in Guinea Nears Boiling Point.  New York Times 156:A10-A11 February 20, 2007.
Martial law is quelling strikes and riots that are affecting the economy of Guinea.

Reeve, Richard.  Ancien Regime:  Guinea's Government Faces an Uncertain Future.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:28-31 April 2007.
Popular protest brings the resignation of President Conte in near civil war.

Smith, Dane F.  U.S.-Guinea Relations During the Rise and Fall of Charles Taylor.  Journal of Modern African Studies 44:415-439 September 2006.
"Discusses the impact of the Liberian civil war on the relationship that existed between the U.S. and Guinea on the respective years 1990 and 2003."

Stepakoff, Shanee and others.  Trauma Healing in Refugee Camps in Guinea:  A Psychosocial Program for Liberian and Sierra Leonean Survivors of Torture and War.  American Psychologist 61:921-932 November 2006.

Strike Ends in Guinea after Deal with Unions.  New York Times 156:A13 February 26, 2007.
Labor unions call off strikes after President Conté agrees to appoint a new prime minister.

Thompson, Chris.  The Quiet Revolution.  New Statesman 136:15-16 March 19, 2007.
"Reports on a revolt that took place in the African country of Guinea in February 2007."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24354811&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

The World at Risk.  Fortune 155:15 June 11, 2007.
Notes that "in Guinea, political tensions threaten the bauxite market."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=25262997&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Ghinea-Bissau


Internet Resources

Guinea-Bissau.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pu.html
General information about each country.

Guinea-Bissau.  Background Notes May 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5454.htm
Information about Guinea-Bissau including U.S. relations.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/guineabissau.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Between a Rock and a Hard Place:  African NGOs, Donors and the State, edited by Jim Igoe.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 2005.  309 p.
Western Beliefs and Local Myths:  A Case Study on the Interface Between Farmers, NGOs, and the State in Guinea-Bissau Rural Development Interventions, by Marina Padrão Temudo, pp 271-299.
Book call no.:  300.96 B565

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Ending Africa's Wars:  Progressing to Peace, edited by Oliver Furley and Roy May.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 2006.  247 p.
Multi-Party Mediation in the Guinea-Bissau Civil War, by Simon Massey, pp 83-97.
Book call no.:  327.172096 E56

The Fate of Africa's Democratic Experiments:  Elites and Institutions, edited by Leonardo A. Villalon and Peter VonDoepp.  Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2005.  324 p.
Democratization in a Divided Urban Political Culture:  Guinea-Bissau, by Joshua P. Forrest, pp 246-266.
Book call no.:  320.96 F252

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Soyibo, Adedoyin.  Health-Care Delivery under Conflict:  How Prepared Is West Africa?  Ibadan, Nigeria, University Press PLC, 2005.  191 p.
Book call no.:  610.69096 S731h

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007


Periodicals

Eshelby, Kate.  A Fishy Business, but Senegal and Guinea-Bissau Won't Be Beaten.  New African No.458:52-54 January 2007.
"Efforts by the governments of Senegal and Guinea-Bissau in West Africa to implement the goals of the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002, which is to establish networks of Marine Protected Areas by 2012."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23620771&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Guinea-Bissau.  Military Technology 31, no.1:316-317 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Guinea Bissau/West Africa:  The Cocaine Web Spreads.  Africa Confidential 48:9 June 22, 2007.
"Latin America's drug lords are doing multimillion dollar business with West Africa's military and their politician pals."

King, Martin L.  Lurking in the Corner.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:36 September 2006.
"Unless urgent preventative action is taken, impoverished Guinea-Bissau southern region faces devastating famine."

Pushers' Paradise.  Economist 383:54 June 9, 2007.
"Reports on the African country of Guinea-Bissau and its role in drug trafficking."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25419704&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

The Year 2004 Responding to Challenges.  UN Chronicle 43:22-23 September-November 2006.
In looking at the accomplishments of the UN in 2004, this article includes "success in helping to restore political stability in Liberia, Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23359899&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Liberia


Internet Resources

Johnson-Sirleaf, Ellen.  Underwriting Liberian Rebirth.  Harvard International Review Winter 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24468412&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv
President Ellen Sirleaf-Johnson discusses her administration.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/liberia.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Liberia.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/li.html
General information about each country.

Liberia.  Background Notes May 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/6618.htm
Information about Liberia including U.S. relations.

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.  
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."

Taylor Trial to Continue Without Taylor.  New York Amsterdam News June 7, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25403251&site=ehost-live
Charles Taylor refuses to appear at his own trial.

U. S. Signs Open Skies Aviation Agreement with Liberia.  FDCH Regulatory Intelligence Database February 19, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=32W3905623999&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Books

Making Liberia Safe:  Transformation of the National Security Sector, by David C. Gompert and others.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2007.  88 p.
Book call no.:  355.03356662 M205

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Building Sustainable Peace, edited by Tom Keating and Andy Knight.  New York, United Nations University Press, 2004.  439 p.
West Africa's Tragic Twins:  Building Peace in Liberia and Sierra Leone, by Adekeye Adebajo, pp 220-249.
Book call no.:  327.172 B932

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Daily Lives of Civilians in Wartime Africa:  From Slavery Days to Rwandans Genocide, edited by John Laband.  Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 2007.  301 p. (Greenwood Press Daily Life Through History Series)
Liberia and Sierra Leone:  Civil Wars, 1989-2004, by Lansana Gberie, pp 195-226.
Book call no.:  960.3 D133

Dangers of Co-Development:  UN Co-Operation Peacekeeping in Africa, edited by David J. Francis and others.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 2005.  175 p.
Book call no.:  341.584096 D182

Dempsey, Thomas A.  Counterterrorism in African Failed States:  Challenges and Potential Solutions.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2006.  36 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB649.pdf
Book call no.:  363.32516096 D389c

Ending Africa's Wars:  Progressing to Peace, edited by Oliver Furley and Roy May.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 2006.  247 p.
Liberia:  A Durable Peace at Last?, by Gerry Cleaver and Simon Massey, pp 179-199.
Book call no.:  327.172096 E56

Farah, Douglas.  Blood from Stones:  The Secret Financial Network of Terror.  New York, Broadway Books, 2004.  225 p.
Book call no.:  303.625 F219b

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

In the Shadow of 'Just Wars':  Violence, Politics, and Humanitarian Action, by Medicins Sans Frontieres and Fabrice Weissman.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2004.  372 p.
Liberia:  Orchestrated Chaos, by Jean-Herve Jezequel, pp 162-182.
Book call no.:  363.34988 I35

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Kandeh, Jimmy D.  Coups from Below:  Armed Subalterns and State Power in West Africa.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  255 p.
Liberia:  "No Doe, No Liberia," pp 97-118.
Book call no.:  322.50966 K16c

Levitt, Jeremy I.  The Evolution of Deadly Conflict in Liberia:  From 'Paternalism' to State Collapse.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 2005.  317 p.
Book call no.:  966.62 L666e

MacQueen, Norrie.  Peacekeeping and the International System.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  286 p.
Africa I:  Decolonization in Contested Legitimacy, pp 180-210. 
Africa II:  Peacekeeping in Stateless Terrain, pp 211-233.
Book call no.:  341.584 M1731p

Maundi, Muhammed O. and others.  Getting in:  Mediator's Entry into the Settlement of African Conflicts.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press, 2006.  229 p.
Liberia, 1989-1996, pp 103-122.
Book call no.:  341.52 G394

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Moghalu, Kingsley Chiedu.  Global Justice:  The Politics of War Crimes Trials.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2006.  220 p.
Sierra Leone:  Judging Charles Taylor, pp 104-125.
Book call no.:  345.01 M696g

Moran, Mary H.  Liberia:  The Violence of Democracy.  Philadelphia, PA, University Philadelphia Press, 2006.  190 p. (The Anthology of Political Violence)
Book call no.:  966.62033 M829L

Paris, Roland.  At War's End:  Building Peace after Civil Conflict?  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2004.  289 p.
Cambodia and Liberia:  Democracy Diverted, pp 79-96.
Book call no.:  327.172 P232a

Radu, Michael.  Dilemmas of Democracy & Dictatorship:  Place, Time, and Ideology in Global Perspective.  New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction Publishers, 2006.  427 p.
See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.:  327.1 R132d

Security, Reconstruction, and Reconciliation:  When the Wars End, edited by Muna Ndulo.  New York, UCL Press, 2007.  348 p.
Reconstruct Governance to Rouse Liberia, Long Forlorn, by Byron Tarr, pp 199-246.
Book call no.:  327.172096 S446

Silenced:  International Journalist Expose Media Censorship, edited by David Dadge.  Amherst, NY, Prometheus Books, 2005.  295 p.
A Little Trouble in Liberia, by Tim Lambon, pp 61-80.
Book call no.:  323.445 S582

Soyibo, Adedoyin.  Health-Care Delivery under Conflict:  How Prepared Is West Africa?  Ibadan, Nigeria, University Press PLC, 2005.  191 p.
Book call no.:  610.69096 S731h

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Violence, Political Culture & Development in Africa, edited by Preben Kaarsholm.  Oxford, England, James Currey, 2006. 
War, Violence & Videotapes:  Media & Localised Ideoscapes of the Liberian Civil War, by Mats Utas, pp 161-180.
Book call no.:  960.329 V795

Yarema, Allan E.  The American Colonization Society:  An Avenue to Freedom?  Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 2006.  90 p.
Book call no.:  973.7114 Y27a

Zartman, I. William.  Cowardly Lions:  Missed Opportunities to Prevent Deadly Conflict and State Collapse.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner, 2005.  281 p.
Liberia, 1985-1998, pp 81-120.
Book call no.:  321.17 Z38c


Periodicals

Around the Navy.  Navy Times 55:7 August 28, 2006.
"The fleet ocean tug Apache of the Military Sealift Command rescued seven fishermen whose canoes capsized in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Liberia on August 14."
Also available online at:  http://docs.newsbank.com

Boateng, Osei.  Sierra Leone & Liberia Taylor's Trial Still Causing Controversy.  New African No.460:18-21 March 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24335332&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Boateng, Osei.  Taylor's Trial:  Whose Agenda?  New African No.464:46-49 July 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25763034&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Boateng, Osei and Tonpo, Jarlawah A.  At Last Taylor's Trial Begins.  New African No.463:36-38 June 2007.
"After much pre-trial legal wrangling, the trial of Liberia's former president, Charles Taylor, begins in The Hague on 4 June."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25485187&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Message to the Congress on Continuation of the National Emergency Blocking Property of Certain Persons and Prohibiting the Importation of Certain Goods from Liberia.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 42:1361 July 24, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21792280&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Message to the Congress on Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 43:999-1000 July 30, 2007.
"Presents the text of the speech given by U. S. President George W. Bush on July 19, 2007."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26090922&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Notice - Continuation of the National Emergency Blocking Property of Certain Persons and Prohibiting the Importation of Certain Goods from Liberia.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 42:1360-1361 July 24, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21792263&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Notice - Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 43:999 July 30, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26090935&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Proclamation 8098 - to Take Certain Actions under the African Growth and Opportunity Act and the Generalized System of Preferences.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 42:2220-2222 January 1, 2007.
President Bush "has designated Liberia as an eligible Sub-Saharan African country and as a beneficiary race Sub-Saharan African country."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25102713&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bush, George W.  Remarks Following a Meeting with President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia.  Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 43:162-164 February 19, 2007.
President Bush commits U.S. backing and monetary relief to the government of Liberia.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24731142&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Charles Taylor:  What AlGathafi Told Johnson-Sirleaf.  New African No.453:30-31 July 2006.
Liberian president, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, visits Libya and has discussions about relations including incarceration of former president Charles Taylor.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21500175&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Fisher, Devin L.  U. S. European Command Mentoring Armed Forces of Liberia.  African Armed Forces Journal, p 10, November-December 2006.
"Liberia - U. S. European Command will play a vital role in the training and mentoring of the new Armed Forces of Liberia, said Navy Rear Adm. Richard K. Gallagher."

Harris, David.  Liberia 2005 - an Unusual Post-Conflict Election.  Journal of Modern African Studies 44:375-395 September 2006.

Hayford, Patrick.  A Special Partnership with the UN:  African Perspective.  UN Chronicle 44:14-15 March 2007.
Offers suggestions for the UN's roles in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Sudan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25924358&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Jahr, Nicholas.  Corruption and Reconstruction in Liberia.  Dissent 53:24-28 Summer 2006.
"Reports on the Governance and Economic Management Assistance Program in Liberia, which is being touted as an anti-corruption measure."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1091140901&sid=8&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Justice at Last?  Economist 383:48 June 2, 2007.
Discusses the trial of James Taylor, Liberia's former president, for commanding a campaign of terror in Sierra Leone.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25425340&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Kigotho, Wachira.  China Strengthens Ties with Africa.  Chronicle of Higher Education 53:A38 July 6, 2007.
"China will assist with major projects at universities in South Africa and Liberia."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1309694381&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

King, Martin L.  Complaints Galore.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:27-28 October 2006.
Former Liberian leader Charles Taylor cries out about his treatment in detention at The Hague. Meanwhile, some lawyers are worried that the former warlord may become victim of a miscarriage of justice."

King, Martin L.  Coup Scare.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:31-32 September 2007.
"The government of President Johnson-Sirleaf faces its first major test with the discovery of a plot to overthrow it."

King, Martin L.  Fresh Fears in Liberia.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:29 September 2006.
"Shooting incidents at the home of the security service head and fire at the presidential mansion threaten the government of President Sirleaf-Johnson."

King, Martin L.  No Sacred Cows.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:10-12 July 2006.
"Liberia's Truth and Reconciliation Commission rules out preferential treatment for individuals accused of human rights abuses."

King, Martin L.  On the Rebound.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:20-22 January 2007.
"Liberia is moving in the right direction as President Sirleaf-Johnson tackles post-war problems with vigour."

King, Martin L.  Sex, Lies and Photograph.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:32-33 April 2007.
"A government minister caught literally pants down resigns but not before embarrassing the Liberian authorities."

King, Martin L.  Time to Go.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:17 July 2006.
"Having kept his promise to bring former Liberian President Charles Taylor to justice, chief prosecutor Desmond de Silva leaves his post at the war crimes court in Sierra Leone a satisfied man."

Liberia.  Military Technology 31, no.1:317-318 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Liberia:  Dutch Probe.  Africa Confidential 47:8 June 23, 2006.
"Dutch police are investigating Mittal Steel's US$900,000,000 deal to mine iron ore in Liberia following a slew of allegations by politicians and trades unionists about the contract award."

Liberia:  Economy up, Politics Shaky.  Africa Confidential 47:8-9 December 15, 2006.
"The post-war economy is easier to manage than Monrovia's politicians."

Liberia:  Referee in a Tug-Of-War.  Africa Confidential 48:8-9 March 16, 2007.
"The technocratic president is battling to keep her reforms on track and to out play the kleptocrats and nationalists to."

Liberia:  Rumors and Plots.  Africa Confidential 48:8-9 August 3, 2007.
"President Johnson- Sirleaf's enemies have come out in the open with a raft allegations and threats of military action."

Liberia:  Snowe White-Out.  Africa Confidential 48:12 February 2, 2007.
Speaker of the House of Representatives Edwin Snowe battles to keep his position.

Liberian Debt Cleared.  Jet 111:11 March 5, 2007.
The United States government forgives Liberian debt to the U. S.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1228437611&sid=7&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

McClellan, Charles W.  Policy Point-Counterpoint:  The UN Millennium Development Goals and U. S. Aid to Africa.  International Social Science Review 82, no.1/2:68-72 2007.
For its part in the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations, the United States "has now developed an interest in preventing or reviving failed states in places such as Somalia, Liberia, and the Congo."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25738788&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mejia, Robin.  Grim Statistics.  Science 313:288-290 July 21, 2006.
Statistics show the damage that followed the decade long civil war in Sierra Leone that was incited by Charles Taylor, former president of Liberia.

Peace Isn't Enough.  Economist 381:48 December 16, 2006.
"The people still want a lot more."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23470433&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Petrou, Michael.  The Long Arm of Charles Taylor Versus the Law.  Maclean's 120:26-33 June 4, 2007.
Former president of Liberia, Charles Taylor, will face trial for his involvement in atrocities that occurred in the civil war in Sierra Leone.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25228346&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Romanncan , Alfred.  'I'm Happy to See Liberia Again'.  New African No.453:32-33 July 2006.
Liberian refugees return home from Sierra Leone.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21500176&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Rough Times.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:20-22 August 2006.
"For the employees of the American-owned Firestone National Rubber Company, Liberia, life has become hard and nasty, not only for them but also for their relations."

The State at Work.  Foreign Policy No.155:74-79 July-August 2006.
Looks at civil servants work around the world including Major Adolph Delaney from Liberia who allows himself to be influenced by bribes to changes reports about traffic accidents.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1071060341&sid=2&Fmt=1&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Stepakoff, Shanee and others.  Trauma Healing in Refugee Camps in Guinea:  A Psychosocial Program for Liberian and Sierra Leonean Survivors of Torture and War.  American Psychologist 61:921-932 November 2006.

Unhappy Charles Taylor.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:21 August 2006.
"Former Liberian President complains to UN-backed court about harsh condition in detention."

West Africa:  Post-War Hopes Hit Trouble - in Freetown and Abidjan.  Africa Confidential 48:6-8 June 22, 2007.

What's Next.  Time 169:12-13 February 26, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24074814&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Woods, Emira.  Africa:  Burdened with Too Much Oil.  African Agenda 9, no.4:5-6 2006.
Author compares the oil-rich areas of Nigeria, Chad and Liberia.

The Year 2004 Responding to Challenges.  UN Chronicle 43:22-23 September-November 2006.
In looking at the accomplishments of the U. N. in 2004, this article includes "success in helping to restore political stability in Liberia, Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23359899&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Mali


Internet Resources

Benthall, Jonathan.  Islamic Aid in a North Malian Enclave.  Anthropology Today 22:19-21 August 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21870236&site=ehost-live

Lambert, Blake.  Glitter of Gold Fails to Brighten Mali's Prospects.  World & I December 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=24305031&site=ehost-live
Gold mining and democracy have not benefited the citizens of Mali.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/mali.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Mali.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ml.html
General information about each country.

Mali.  Background Notes May 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2828.htm
Information about Mali including U.S. relations.

Millennium Challenge Corporation:  Progress and Challenges with Compacts in Africa.  GAO Reports June 29, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=25907342&site=ehost-live
The Government Accountability Office looks at the administration of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (as established by Congress in 2004) aid to five African countries Madagascar, Cape Verde, Benin, Ghana, and Mali.

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.  
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."


Books

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Between a Rock and a Hard Place:  African NGOs, Donors and the State, edited by Jim Igoe.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 2005.  309 p.
International Influence on Civil Society in Mali:  The Case of the Cotton Farmer's Union, SYCOV, by Timothy W. Docking, pp 213-238. 
Up for Grabs, Civil Society in a Field of Conflicting Representations:  A Case Study from Mali, by Elizabeth Challinor, pp 239-270.
Book call no.:  300.96 B565

Cities of the Middle East and North Africa:  A Historical Encyclopedia, edited by R. T. Dumper and Bruce E. Stanley.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC CLIO, 2007.  439 p.
Includes entries for the cities:  Tunis, Algiers, Oran, Tangier, Rabat, Casablanca, Marrakesh, Fez, Meknes, Sijilmassa, Timbuktu, and Nouadchott.
Book call no.:  307.760956 C581

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

The Fate of Africa's Democratic Experiments:  Elites and Institutions, edited by Leonardo A. Villalon and Peter VonDoepp.  Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2005.  324 p.
The Tribulations of a Successful Transition:  Institutional Dynamics and Elite Rivalry in Mali, by Leonardo A. Villalon and Abdourahmane Idrissa, pp 49-74.
Book call no.:  320.96 F252

Fleming, Fergus.  Off the Map:  Tales of Endurance and Exploration.  New York, Atlantic Monthly Press, 2004.  518 p.
The Road to Timbuctoo, by Gordon Laing and Rene Caillie, pp 398-403.
Book call no.:  910.9 F597o

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Is Violence Inevitable in Africa?  Theories of Conflict and Approaches to Conflict Prevention, edited by Patrick Chabal and others.  Boston, Brill, 2005.  245 p. (African-Europe Group for Interdisciplinary Studies, vol 1)
Administrative Decentralization and Political Conflict in Mali, by Gerti Hesseling, and Han van Dijk, pp 171-192.
Book call no.:  303.64096 I73

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country - national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Kryza, Frank T.  The Race for Timbuktu:  In Search of Africa's City of Gold.  New York, Ecco, 2006.  322 p.
Book call no.:  966.23 K94r

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Salak, Kirs.  The Cruelest Journey:  600 Miles to Timbuktu.  Washington, National Geographic, 2005.  230 p.
Book call no.:  916.62 S159c

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Tayler, Jeffrey.  Angry Wind:  Through Muslim Black Africa by Truck, Bus, Boat, and Camel.  Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 2005.  252 p.
Book call no.:  916.604 T237a

Trofimvov, Yaroslav.  Faith at War:  A Journey on the Frontlines of Islam, from Baghdad to Timbuktu.  New York, Henry Holt, 2005.  312 p.
Mali:  A Ballot Box in Timbuktu, pp 249-270.
Book call no.:  909.09767 T843f


Periodicals

La Caravane Passe au Mali.  Africa Confidential 48:9 May 11, 2007.
"Malian President Amadou Toumani Toure's electoral triumph in this 'the politics of consensus' in place since 2002."

Election Results.  Journal of Democracy 18:179-182 July 2007.
"In Algeria, the parliamentary elections took place on May 17, 2007 where 249 seats were won by the ruling three-party coalition. Amadou Toumani Toure, won the presidential election in Mali."

Gaining Rebels' Confidence.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:27 November 2006.
"President Toure embarks on the development of the northern part of his country in a bid to end Tuareg rebellion."

Hammer, Joshua.  The Treasures of Timbuktu.  Smithsonian 37:46-57 December 2006.
Efforts to restore manuscripts and ancient writings to Timbuktu.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23168772&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Libraries in the Desert.  Economist 383:48 June 2, 2007.
"Reports on efforts in Timbuktu, Mali, to preserve ancient manuscripts."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25425342&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Magnuson, Stew.  Battleground Africa:  U. S. Military Seeks to Quash Terrorism Before It Takes Root.  National Defense 91:36-41 March 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1232362351&sid=6&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Magnuson, Stew.  Desert Commandos:  Special Operators Say Training Goes Both Ways.  National Defense 91:41-43 March 2007.

Mali.  Military Technology 31, no.1:319-320 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mali:  ATT Seeks Takokelen.  Africa Confidential 48:9 April 27, 2007.
"President Toure is poised to win a second term in Mali's presidential election on 29 April."

Swatches of Desert but Oases of Progress.  Economist 383:62 May 5, 2007.
"Two Dirt-Poor Saharan states are doing better."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24973675&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

West Africa:  Anniversaries and Elections.  Africa Confidential 48:1-4 January 12, 2007.
"Voters gather in Nigeria, Mali and Senegal while diplomats head to Accra for celebrations and summits."

Wood, Jaime L.  Training Provides Capacity Building for U. S. Malian Soldiers.  African Armed Forces Journal, pp 9-10, November-December 2006.
"U. S. European Command Special Forces soldiers participated in a military training exercise with Malian military members here November 15, 2006."


Mauritania


Internet Resources

Arab Net.
Available online at:  http://www.arab.net/mauritainia/index.html
Has general information about the Arab countries of Africa:  Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, and Tunisia.  Includes Arab View which is a collection of articles written by leading journalists and editors in the Middle East.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/mauritania.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Mauritania.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mr.html
General information about each country.

Mauritania.  Background Notes May 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5467.htm
Information about Mauritania including U.S. relations.

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."

Sebe, Berny.  Consigned to a Watery Grave.  Geographical 79:40-43 April 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24565682&site=ehost-live
The world's largest ship graveyard is located at the city harbor of Nouadhibou in Mauritania.


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Cities of the Middle East and North Africa:  A Historical Encyclopedia, edited by R. T. Dumper and Bruce E. Stanley.  Santa Barbara, CA, ABC CLIO, 2007.  439 p.
Includes entries for the cities:  Tunis, Algiers, Oran, Tangier, Rabat, Casablanca, Marrakesh, Fez, Meknes, Sijilmassa, Timbuktu, and Nouadchott.
Book call no.:  307.760956 C581

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment North Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  789 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 961 J33 iss.19 2006

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

N'Diaye, Boubacar and Saine, Abkoulaye S.  Not Yet Democracy:  West Africa Slow Farewell to Authoritarianism.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 2005.  224 p.
Book call no.:  322.50966 N337n

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007


Documents

Mady, Ahmed.  Roles and Effects of Media in the Middle East and the United States.  Ft. Leavenworth, KS, School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, May 2005.  75 p.
Some of the countries included in the survey are Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, and Mauritania.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA435946
Doc. call no.:  M-U 42022-2 M183r


Periodicals

Ackbarally, Nasseem.  EPAs Should Be Subjected to Electoral Test.  African Agenda 10, no.2:25-26 2007.
Resistance and Alternative, a small Mauritian political party, calls for a referendum before a trade agreement is signed between the European Union and the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific region.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  Mauritania:  Starvation Looms.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:7 July 2006.

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  Mauritania:  Victory for Anti-Slavery Crusaders.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:11 September 2007.
Mauritania's leaders "have now unanimously passed a legislation making the practice of slavery - anyone that keeps slaves - punishable by up to 10 years in prison."

Jourde, Cedric.  The International Relations of Small Neoauthoritarian States:  Islamism, Warlordism, and the Framing of Stability.  International Studies Quarterly 51:481-503 June 2007.
"Analyzes how two small authoritarian African regimes, Guinea and Mauritania, have enacted a series of performances such as the arrest of 'Islamist, warlords,' and other transnational 'subversive threats,' thereby framing their domestic and foreign policies in ways that resonate with hegemonic international discourses, seeking to obtain either more support from Western states or to lower their democratization pressure (or both)."

LaFraniere, Sharon.  In Mauritania, Seeking to End an Overfed Ideal.  New York Times 156:A1-A4 July 4, 2007.
The Mauritanian government is trying to fight the culture of obese women being beautiful.

Lubold, Gordon.  Special Forces Train the Dark Continent:  Green Berets Join Multinational Force to Train Troops in Mauritania.  Soldier of Fortune 31:50-52 April 2006.

Mauritania.  Middle East Journal 60:768 Autumn 2006.
"Reports on the socio-political developments in Mauritania."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1214611561&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Mauritania.  Military Technology 31, no.1:321 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mauritania:  A Break with the Past.  Africa Confidential 48:9 May 11, 2007.
"After the freest post-independence elections, the government faces worsening social divisions and a troubled oil sector."

Mauritania:  Changement Dans la Serenite.  Africa Confidential 48:12 March 30, 2007.
"Independent candidate Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi squeaked to victory in Mauritania's 25 March presidential elections."

Mauritania:  No Win, No Gain.  Africa Confidential 47:8-9 December 1, 2006.
"The military regime gets the election result it wanted, with no party strong enough to govern."

Mauritania's Fractious Future.  Jane's Islamic Affairs Analyst, pp 12-13, January 2007.
"Mauritania is torn between its Arab and African cultural heritages and between Islam and secularist orientations prevalent in society.  Jane's considers the outcome of the recently held parliamentary elections, the performance of Islamist parties and how the presidential election scheduled for March could influence the country's future direction."

N'Diaye, Boubacar.  Mauritania, August 2005:  Justice and Democracy, or Just Another Coup?  African Affairs 105:421-441 July 2006.
"A military coup abruptly ended Ould Taya's authoritarian regime in Mauritania, one of the longest-running regimes in West Africa."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1192284151&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Swatches of Desert but Oases of Progress.  Economist 383:62 May 5, 2007.
"Two Dirt-Poor Saharan states are doing better."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24973675&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Xin Wan.  Decades of Devotion.  Beijing Review 49:28 November 2, 2006.
Describes China's medical missions to Mauritania beginning in 1968.


Niger


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/niger.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Niger.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ng.html
General information about each country.

Niger.  Background Notes May 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5474.htm
Information about Niger including U.S. relations.

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.  
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Postconflict Reconstruction in Africa, edited by Ahmad A. Sikainga and Ousseina Alidou.  Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, 2006.  251 p.
Rethinking the Nation in Postwar Reconstruction in Niger Republic, by Ousseina Alidou.
Book call no.:  303.69096 P857

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Tayler, Jeffrey.  Angry Wind:  Through Muslim Black Africa by Truck, Bus, Boat, and Camel.  Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 2005.  252 p.
Book call no.:  916.604 T237a


Periodicals

Coghlan, Andy.  More Crops for Africa as Trees Reclaim the Desert.  New Scientist 192:11 October 14, 2006.
Satellite images of the African desert show the efforts to reclaim farmland by planting trees are working.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22838009&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

King, Martin L.  War on Famine.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:29 October 2006.
"Niger introduces measures to stop famine and desert encroachment."

Niger.  Military Technology 31, no.1:323-324 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Niger/Gabon:  Areva in Hot Water.  Africa Confidential 48:10 April 13, 2007.
"Public accusations of malpractice in the extraction of uranium in Niger and Gabon."

Niger:  Revolt in the Desert.  Africa Confidential 48:9 September 21, 2007.
"As uranium, and maybe oil, raise hopes of income, northern Turareg rebels have gone to war again."

Niger Sending Troops Toward Rebel Area.  New York Times 156:A11 July 1, 2007.
"The Niger government is deploying its troops in Agadez in the north of the country to combat Tuareg rebels."

Niger:  Yellowcake Rebellion.  Africa Confidential 48:12 September 7, 2007.
"President Mamadou Tandja has declared a state of alert in the north, the base of Niger's fast growing uranium industry, after attacks on key targets killed some 50 government soldiers."

Nigeria:  The Grudge Match Goes on.  Africa Confidential 48:3 March 2, 2007.
"Facing multiple corruption charges, Vice-President Abubakar accuses President Obasanjo of electoral sabotage."


Nigeria


Internet Resources

Embassy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria:  Website.
Available online at:  http://www.nigeriaembassyusa.org/f_index.html
Brings together general information about Nigeria and news.

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/nigeria.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Nigeria.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.html
General information about each country.

Nigeria.  Background Notes June 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2836.htm
Information about Nigeria including U.S. relations.

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa. 
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."

Uko-Aviomoh, E. E. and others.  Universal Basic Education in Nigeria:  An Appraisal.  Education 127:558-568 Summer 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25607648&site=ehost-live

Whom Would You Believe.  Lancet July 29, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21745348&site=ehost-live
"Discusses the impact of false information rumors on efforts to stop the spread of disease in rural areas of poor or undeveloped countries" including Nigeria.


Books

Addressing Ethnic Conflict Through Peace Education:  International Perspectives, edited by Zvi Bekerman and Claire McGlynn.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.  263 p.
From War to Peace:  An Analysis of Peace Efforts in the Ife/Modakeke Community of Nigeria, by Francisca Aladejana, pp 173-184.
Book call no.:  303.66 A227

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Chau, Donovan C.  Political Warfare in Sub-Saharan Africa:  U. S. Capabilities and Chinese Operations in Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2007.  75 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB766.pdf
Book call no.:  327.73067 C496p

Civil Militia:  Africa's Intractable Security Menace?  edited by David J. Francis.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2005.  300 p.
Civil Militias:  Indonesia and Nigeria in Comparative Perspective, by Ruben Thorning, pp 89-116.
Book call no.:  322.42096 C582

Civil Society and Ethnic Conflict Management in Nigeria.  Ibadan, Nigeria, Spectrum Books, 2003.  329 p.
Book call no.:  320.9669 C582

Comparative Perspectives on Shariah in Nigeria, edited by Philip Ostien.  Ibadan, Nigeria, Spectrum Books, 2005.  403 p.
Papers from a conference held in January 2004 at the University of Jos, Nigeria.
Book call no.:  320.590-9669 C737

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

The Crisis of the State & Regionalism in West Africa:  Identity, Citizenship and Conflict, edited by W. Alade Fawole and Charles Ukeje.  Dakar, Senegal, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2005.  226 p.
See table of contents for sections on Nigeria.
Book call no.:  320.966 C932

Dickson, David.  Political Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa:  The Need for a New Research and Diplomatic Agenda.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2005.  11 p.(Special Report (United States Institute of Peace), no.140)
Also available online at:  http://www.usip.org/pubs/specialreports/sr140.html
Book call no.:  320.557096 D554p

Drohan, Madelaine.  Making a Killing:  How and Why Corporations Used Armed Force to Do Business.  Guilford, CT, Lyon's Press, 2004.  376 p.
Shell in Nigeria, pp 163-188.
Book call no.:  338.8809 D784m

The Fate of Africa's Democratic Experiments:  Elites and Institutions, edited by Leonardo A. Villalon and Peter VonDoepp.  Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 2005.  324 p.
Repetitive Breakdowns and a Decade of Experimentation:  Institutional Choices and Unstable Democracy in Niger, by Leonardo A. Villalon and Abdourahmane Idrissa, pp 27-48.
Book call no.:  320.96 F252

Gearey, Adam.  Globalization and Law:  Trade, Rights, War.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005.  151 p.(Globalization Lanham, MD)
Fragments Out of the Deluge:  Nigeria, Oil, Rights, pp 33-58.
Book call no.:  341 G292g

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Kohli, Atul.  State-Directed Development:  Political Power and Industrialization in the Global Periphery.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2004.  466 p.
Dashed Expectations:  Nigeria, pp 289-425.
Book call no.:  338.90091724 K79s

Margonelli, Lisa.  Oil on the Brain:  Adventures from the Pump to the Pump Line.  New York, Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, 2007.  324 p.
Nigeria:  Calling the Warlord's Cell Phone, pp 235-263.
Book call no.:  338.27282 M329o

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Muslim Cultures Today:  A Reference Guide, edited by Kathryn M. Coughlin.  Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 2006.  238 p.
Nigeria, by Kathryn M. Coughlin, pp 119-131.
Book call no.:  909.09767083 M987

The Muslim World after 9/11, edited by Angel M. Rabasa.  Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 2004.  525 p.
Includes a section on Nigeria.
Book call no.:  327.7301767 M987

Paden, John N.  Muslim Civic Cultures and Conflict Resolution:  The Challenge of Democratic Federalism in Nigeria.  Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2005.  303 p. (Brookings Series on U. S. Policy Towards the Islamic World)
Book call no.:  320.9669 P123m

Peters, Ralph.  Wars of Blood and Faith:  The Conflicts That Will Shape the 21st Century.  Mechanicsburg, PA, Stackpole Books, 2007.  367 p.
Nigerian Nightmare, pp 319-321
Book call no.:  355.0201 P483w

Peters, Rudolf.  Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law:  Theory and Practice from the Sixteenth to the Twenty-First Century.  New York, Cambridge University, 2005.  219 p. (Themes in Islamic Law, no.2)
Anglo-Muhammadan Criminal Law and Its Demise:  British India and Nigeria, pp 109-124.
Book call no.:  345.167 P483c

Peterson, Trudy Huskamp.  Final Acts:  A Guide to Preserving the Records of Truth Commissions.  Washington, Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2005.  110 p.
African countries included in the country reports include:  Burundi, Chad, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.
Book call no.:  025.1 P485f

The Politics of Peacekeeping in the Post-Cold War Era, edited by David S. Sorensen and Pia Christina Wood.  New York, Frank Cass, 2005. 
Nigeria, by Herbert M. Howe, 219 p.
Book call no.:  341.584 P7692

The Quest for Environmental Justice:  Human Rights in the Politics of Pollution, edited by Robert D. Bullard.  San Francisco, Sierra Club Books, 2005.  393 p. 
Alienation and Militancy in the Niger Delta:  Petroleum, Politics, and Democracy in Nigeria, by Oronto Douglas, Dimieari von Kemedi, and Ike Okonta, pp 239-254.
Book call no.:  363.7 Q5

Radu, Michael.  Dilemmas of Democracy & Dictatorship:  Place, Time, and Ideology in Global Perspective.  New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction Publishers, 2006.  427 p.
See table of contents for pages.
Book call no.:  327.1 R132d

Religion, History, and Politics in Nigeria:  Essays in Honor of Ogbu U. Kalu, edited by Chima J. Korieh and Ugo Nwokeji.  Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 2005.  282 p.
Book call no.:  201.509669 R382

Simonsen, Clifford E. and Spindlove, Jeremy R.  Terrorism Today:  The Past, the Players, the Future.  3rd ed.  Upper Saddle River, NJ, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007. 
Northeast, Central, and Southern Africa, 604 p.
Book call no.:  303.62509 S611t

Sowell, Thomas.  Affirmative Action Around the World:  An Empirical Study.  New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2004.  239 p.
Affirmative Action in Nigeria, pp 95-114.
Book call no.:  331.133 S731a

Soyibo, Adedoyin.  Health-Care Delivery under Conflict:  How Prepared Is West Africa?  Ibadan, Nigeria, University Press PLC, 2005.  191 p.
Book call no.:  610.69096 S731h

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Tayler, Jeffrey.  Angry Wind:  Through Muslim Black Africa by Truck, Bus, Boat, and Camel.  Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 2005.  252 p.
Book call no.:  916.604 T237a


Documents

Genasci, Andy J.  Overt Indicators of Islamic Extremism in Nigeria.  Ft. Leavenworth, KS, Army Command and General Staff College, 2006.  66 p.
Also available online at:  http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA451891
Doc. call no.:  M-U 442022 G324o


Periodicals

Adeyemi, Segun.  Interview:  Lieutenant General Owoye Andrew Azazi, Chief of Army Staff, Nigerian Army.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:34 January 10, 2007.

Adeyemi, Segun.  Nigeria's Spearheads Gulf of Guinea Protection Force.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:18 May 30, 2007.
"Nigeria and seven other African nations have decided to "set up a force to monitor their common interests in the Gulf of Guinea."

Adeyemi, Segun.  Nigerian Navy Exercise Tests Operational Capability.  Jane's Defense Weekly 44:16 January 31, 2007.
"Reports on the series of naval exercises which is being undertaken by the Nigerian Navy in the Bight of Bonny to test its capability in order to secure the main gateway for crude oil exports in Nigeria."

Adeyemi, Segun.  Resurgent Nigerian Navy Returns to Sea.  Jane's Navy International 112:5 March 2007.
Nigerian Navy conducts naval exercises in the Bight of Bonny using a total of 13 ships including four from the U. S. Coast Guard.

Agwai, M. L.  Nigerian Army.  Jane's Defense Weekly 43:Supplement p 14 October 4, 2006.

Akioye, Seun.  West Africa Being Fleeced at the Borders.  New African No.460:24-25 March 2007.
Cites "the frontiers of Benin-Nigeria, Benin-Togo, and Togo-Ghana as the corruption hotspots where custom officers worked in a difficult condition and travelers were intimidated."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24335334&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Akpata-Ohohe, Bunmi.  Nigeria:  Haven for Rapist in Uniform.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:7 January 2007.

Ankomah, Baffour.  Ecobank Is Leaving the Competition Behind.  New African No.454:54-55 August-September 2006.
"Reports on the new business operation of Ecobank in the west and central African countries, particularly in Ghana and Nigeria."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21984725&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Asante, Ben and Iorhan, Andoor.  Zamfara State:  Ahmed Sani:  "I Am Running for President."  New African No.456:special section November 2006.
Interviews Ahmed Sani who is running for president of Nigeria.

Barrett, Ejiroghene.  Why the Troubles in the Niger Delta.  New African No.456:40-43 November 2006.
"Looks at the background of the conflict in the Niger Delta.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23083072&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Barrett, Lindsay.  Bonny, the Travails of an Oil Kingdom.  New African No.456:44-45 November 2006.
"Reports on the extraordinary circumstances of Nigeria's oil-rich but poor Kingdom of Grand Bonny."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23083073&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Barrett, Lindsay.  Presidential Hopefuls Seek Ethnic Relevance.  New African No.456:34-38 November 2006.
"At this point, it seems that the most important political factor, as far as the Nigerian presidential race is concerned, is linked to the search for ethnic relevance first and foremost, rather than a concern for ideological credibility or professional ability."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23083071&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Big Men, Big Fraud and Big Trouble.  Economist 383:55-56+ April 28, 2007.
"The deep rottenness of Nigeria's political system threatens all the economic gains this giant country has made."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24887003&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

A Blacklist to Bolster Democracy.  Economist 382:50 February 17, 2007.
"Corruption is already at the heart of Nigeria's election campaign."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24117440&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Blast off for Nigeria's China Connection.  Beijing Review 50:5 May 24, 2007.
"Focuses on the successful launch of a China-make communications satellite at Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan Province by Nigerian officials and satellites on May 14, 2007."

Blood and Oil.  Economist 382:52 March 17, 2007.
"Elections could further destabilise the violent, oil-rich Delta region."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24406390&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Borno State:  The Dividends of Democracy.  New African No.455:special section October 2006.
Several sections about the state of Borno, Nigeria.

Butt, Monique.  Yobe State:  Nigeria Success Story.  New African No.458:71-79 January 2007.
"Reports on the economic transformation of the state of Yobe in Nigeria.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23620778&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Capping the Well-Heads of Corruption.  Economist 381:55-56 October 21, 2006.
"Years of hard-won reform are at risk in the run-up to next year's elections."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22852374&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Celtel on the March.  New African No.453:48 July 2006.
"New Nigerian acquisition extends the reach of Africa's fastest-growing mobile company to 15 countries."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21500183&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

China's/Africa:  Beijing Courts Commerce, Cooperation and Controversy.  Africa Confidential 47:6-8 November 3, 2006.
Includes a chart which shows exports to China, imports from China, and total trade with China for the years 2004 and 2005 in Algeria, Angola, Congo-Brazzaville, Equatorial Guinea, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa, and Sudan.

China's Customer.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 166:43 May 21, 2007.
"Reports that a communications satellite developed and orbited for Nigeria by China is moving toward its geo-synchronous station over Somalia following launch from the Xichang space center May 14, 2007."

Choose Your Airline Carefully.  Economist 381:55 November 4, 2006.
"Your life may depend on it."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22988747&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Copley, Gregory R.  Nigeria Inches Toward Vital Elections.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 35, no.1:19 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1220062731&sid=7&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Copley, Gregory R.  Oil's Most Important Swing State.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 34, no.5-6:4-5 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1073667711&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Copley, Gregory R.  The Race for Power in the Real Focus of Energy Strategies:  Nigeria.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 34, no.12:7-9+ 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1186679851&sid=4&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Curse of the Black Gold.  National Geographic 211:88-117 February 2007.
"Discusses the difficult situation in Nigeria where rebels are disrupting the flow of oil and its resultant revenues."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=23699905&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Eze, Mercy.  The People Decide.  New African No.462:38 May 2007.
Reports "on the surprises that came with the moment of decision on 21 April."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25018475&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

A First in Nigeria:  A Peaceful Succession of Power.  New York Times 156:A6 May 30, 2007.
"Reports on the response of Nigerians toward the election of Umaru Yar'Adua as president of Nigeria on May 29, 2007."

Ford, Neil.  Nigeria's Future Stability Rests on Its Democratic Success.  Jane's Intelligence Review 18:23-26 May 2007.

Ford, Neil.  Power Handover:  Nigerian Elections an Important Step for Reform.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:20-27 April 2007.
Discusses the importance of the upcoming presidential elections in Nigeria.

Ghazvinian, John.  Testing Time for Nigeria.  Nation 284:6-8 April 30, 2007.
"Reports on the series of elections in Nigeria scheduled for April 2007."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24669362&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Guseh, James S. and Oritsejafor, Emmanuel.  Government Size, Political Freedom and Economic Growth in Nigeria, 1960-2000.  Journal of Third World Studies 24:139-165 Spring 2007.
"Assesses the impact of government and political structures on economic growth in Nigeria."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25326035&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Herskovits, Jean.  Nigeria's Rigged Democracy.  Foreign Affairs 86:115-130 July-August 2007.
Discusses corruption and politics in Nigeria.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1294970501&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

How to Steal Yet Another Election.  Economist 383:51-52 April 21, 2007.
"After rigged and violent local polls, the opposition threatens a boycott of the presidential race."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24813751&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Isike, Christopher.  The Internationalisation of the Niger Delta Crisis:  A Function of the Globalisation of Human Rights.  Africa Insight 37:19-43 April 2007.

Jason, Pini.  Nigeria Rough Road to Election 2007.  New African No.457:66-69 December 2006.
The author gives his impressions of the upcoming national elections in Nigeria.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23344003&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

July 2007 Scenarios.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:25-27 April 2007.
"Article deals with the use of the scenario modeling approach in assessing the potential effects of the upcoming elections on the stability of Nigeria."

Kidnapped Workers Set Free in Nigeria.  New York Times 156:10 June 24, 2007.
Four kidnapped foreign oil workers were released on June 23, 2007.

King, Martin L.  Back Where It Belongs.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:18-19 July 2006.
"Almost four years after the World Court ruling on the matter, Nigeria finally moves to hand over the oil-rich Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon."

King, Martin L.  Farewell to Bakassi.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:12-16 September 2006.
"Nigeria finally pulls its troops out of the Bakassi peninsula, handing the sovereignty of this disputed oil-rich area to the Cameroonians."

The Lady Was for Moving.  Economist 380:42 July 8, 2006.
Wonders about the repositioning of Ngonzi Okonjo-Iweala from the Finance Ministry to the Foreign Ministry.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21527915&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lawal, Leonard.  Holding a Country Hostage.  Fortune 155:35 April 30, 2007.
"Kidnappers in the country have made a huge business out of holding oil workers hostage in an effort to get foreign oil workers out of the area."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=24772585&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Let the Games Begin.  Economist 380:45-46 September 2, 2006.
"Nigerians now have a date for the next election. But little else is certain."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22208790&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Lustig, Robin.  Elections and Politricks, Nigeria-Style.  New Statesman 136:8 April 30, 2007.
Describes a corrupt election process.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24837702&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Macaulay, Femi.  Death of a Man of Peace.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:20-22 September 2006.
"Politics as a matter of life and death in Nigeria. Funso Williams, leading gubernatorial aspirant, is killed in his bedroom."

Macilwain, Collin.  Oil Firms Back AIDS Project in the Niger Delta.  Nature 444:663 December 7, 2006.
"Reports on the launch of a three-year project by oil and gas companies that would tackle the rapid spread of AIDS around one of the largest facilities in the Niger Delta in Nigeria."

Mackenzie, Debora.  Nigeria's Strains of Bird Flu Bode Ill for Africa.  New Scientist 191:9 July 8, 2006.
Three different bird flu strains have invaded Nigeria on three separate occasions.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21591742&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Meagher, Kate.  Hijacking Civil Society:  The Inside Story of the Bakassi Boys Vigilante Group of South-Eastern Nigeria.  Journal of Modern African Studies 45:89-115 March 2007.

Meagher, Kate.  Social Capital, Social Liabilities, and Political Capital:  Social Networks and Informal Manufacturing in Nigeria.  African Affairs 105:553-582 October 2006.

Mission Impossible, Nearly.  Economist 384:12 August 4, 2007.
Reports on the election of President Umaru Yar'Adua.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26049149&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

New Government, Old Problems.  Economist 383:49-52 May 26, 2007.
Reports on the new government in Nigeria.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25216101&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

News Breaks.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 166:90 January 8, 2007.
"Reports on the opening of thrice-weekly services of China Southern Airlines from Beijing to Lagos, Nigeria."

News Breaks:  Africa.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 167:19 July 2, 2007.
"The Nigerian government is buying two ATR 42MP Surveyor maritime surveillance aircraft which it plans to field by 2009."

The Next President, Perhaps?  Economist 381:67 December 23, 2006.
Predicts that Umaru Yar'Adua will be the next president of Nigeria.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23529767&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Ni Yanshuo.  Making the Connection.  Beijing Review 49:32-33 November 2, 2006.
Discusses the connection between Nigeria and China.

Nigeria.  Military Technology 31, no.1:324-325 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Nigeria:  A Tale of Two Cities.  Africa Confidential 48:1-2 September 7, 2007.
"Amid growing mayhem in the Niger Delta President Yar'Adua has started to restructure the country's oil business."

Nigeria:  A Troubled Transition.  Africa Confidential 48:1-2 May 11, 2007.
"The incoming government faces political road blocks as it tries to tackle the crises in electric power supply in the Niger Delta."

Nigeria:  All for One, Not Yet.  Africa Confidential 47:5 October 20, 2006.
"Under threat of corruption charges, state governors are losing their political nerve."

Nigeria:  An Outsider Moves Up the List.  Africa Confidential 47:5 November 17, 2006.
"Ruling party insiders suggest that Governor Umaru Musa Yar'Adua could win the presidential nomination."

Nigeria:  Atiku Again.  Africa Confidential 47:12 December 1, 2006.
"Vice President Atiku Abubakar launched his campaign for the presidency in Abuja on 25 November."

Nigeria:  Fear of Flying.  Africa Confidential 47:12 November 3, 2006.
Discusses air safety in Nigeria after a military aircraft crashed on 39 October.

Nigeria II:  Ambitions in the North.  Africa Confidential 47:3-4 September 22, 2006.
"The President has not said who he wants to succeed him but he knows who he wants to stop."

Nigeria:  Leaving It Late.  Africa Confidential 47:1-3 October 6, 2006.
"Six months ahead of the next presidential election, no one knows which candidates are standing and which are heading for goal."

Nigeria:  Party Pieces.  Africa Confidential 48:1-3 February 2, 2007.
"Feuding factions in the governing PDP jostle for jobs, and no prosecutions, before the elections."

Nigeria:  Pots, Kettle and Corruption.  Africa Confidential 47:1-2 September 22, 2006.
"Allegations about President Obasanjo and his deputy mean a livelier if not cleaner election."

Nigeria:  Reformers Reshuffle.  Africa Confidential 47:8 June 23, 2006.
"President Olusegun Obasanjo quietly reshuffled his reform team on 21 June."

Nigeria/Russia:  Russian Roulette.  Africa Confidential 48:12 June 8, 2007.
"The shooting death of a Nigerian driver and kidnapping of six Russians from their compound in Ikot Abasi, Akwa Ibom, looks like an escalation in a complex feud over the aluminum plant where they worked for Russian Aluminum."

Nigeria's Political Wars Escalate.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 34, no.9:3 2006.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1157627901&sid=5&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Nigeria's Volatile Vote.  Time 169:26 April 30, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24801434&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Nigeria:  Tafidan's Ghost.  Africa Confidential 48:4-5 January 19, 2007.
"The three main candidates in April's presidential elections all have close ties to Katsina's late kingmaker Shehu Musa Yar'Adua."

Nigeria:  The Dealmaking Begins.  Africa Confidential 48:1-3 April 27, 2007.
"The victorious People's Democratic Party wants to co-opt enough dissenters to put the rigged election furore behind it."

Nigeria:  The Governor's Dues.  Africa Confidential 47:7 July 21, 2006.
"Oil shutdowns and political violence are escalating despite record budgets in the Delta."

Nigeria:  The New Man in Abuja.  Africa Confidential 48:1-4 June 8, 2007.
"Vested interests in the police and political class are already trying to block President Umaru Yar'Adua's reform efforts."

Nigeria:  The New President Names His Cabinet and Makes Haste Slowly.  Africa Confidential 48:6-7 August 3, 2007.
New Nigerian president, Umaru Musa Yar'Adua, appoints his Cabinet and makes sweeping changes in the military.

Nigeria:  The Next Election Deadline.  Africa Confidential 47:1-2 November 3, 2006.
"Presidential hopefuls are quietly launching campaigns but doubts surround the party congresses due in December."

Nigeria:  Yar'Adua Prepares for Power.  Africa Confidential 48:1-4 April 13, 2007.
"If the PDP juggernaut trounces the opposition, the new government will have the shortest of breaks before the pressure starts."

Nigerian Bishops Criticize Election Irregularities.  America 196:6 May 7, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=24885852&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

No Laughing Matter.  Economist 382:77 January 27, 2007.
Discusses the Nigerian banking industry.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23857232&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Obong Victor Akwa.  New African No.456:special section November 2006.
Several articles about Governor Obong Victor Akwa, who is running for president in Nigeria.

Ojo, Emmanuel O.  Taming the Monster:  Demilitarization and Democratization in Nigeria.  Armed Forces & Society 32:254-272 January 2006.

Omar, Rageh.  The Elections That Africa Will Be Watching.  New Statesman 136:23-24 April 2, 2007.
Discusses the significance of the 2007 presidential elections in Nigeria.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24504393&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Omojola, Biodun.  The Big Bucks Roll in.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:29-31 June 2007.
"Recent big money deals confirm Nigeria as the largest telecommunication market in Africa."

Omojola, Biodun.  Destination of Choice.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:45-46 April 2007.
"More foreign carriers now fly into Nigeria, confirming that country as the rich aviation market despite the recent misfortunes in the sector."

Omojola, Biodun.  Humanitarianism Are Profiteering?  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:42-44 September 2007.
"Pharmaceutical giant, Pfizer, accused of unethical behavior, faces multi-billion-dollar legal battle in Nigeria."

Omojola, Biodun.  Looking Inward.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:42 June 2007.
"Participants at the first International Conference on Local Content in Lagos, Nigeria, renewed their call for quick integration of local expertise into Nigeria's oil and gas sector."

Omojola, Biodun.  More Misery for Consumers.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:40-41 July 2007.
"Cost of living has just gone higher in Nigeria with a hike of the prices of petroleum products and an increase in Value Added Tax."

Omojola, Biodun.  Now, the Bad News.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:35+ March 2007.
"Restiveness in Nigeria's Niger Delta oil region leads to joint venture operations' shortfall in 2006."

Omojola, Biodun.  One Crash Too Many.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:33-34 December 2006.
"The recent ADC air crash has once again beamed the spotlight on Nigeria's rickety aviation industry, and by extension the troubled African aviation sector."

Omojola, Biodun.  The Parting of Ways.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:31-32 June 2007.
"TransCorp's technical agreement with British Telecom hits the rocks amid allegations of lack of funds and management highhandedness."

Omojola, Biodun.  Steadying the Wheels.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:17-19 April 2007.
"The Obasanjo government trumpets the success of its economic reforms. But what is really in store for the new president who will be elected this April."

Omojola, Biodun.  Tinapa, Africa's Own 'Dubai.'  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:43-44 April 2007.
"Calabar is on the verge of becoming the latest trading and tourism destination in the world as it opens its multi-million dollar business and leisure resort."

Onumah, Chido.  In Solidarity with Forgotten People.  African Agenda 9, no.4:7-8 2006.
Discusses the problems that oil drilling have brought to Bayelsa State in Nigeria.

Oredein, Obafemi.  ASCE Takes off.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:40 September 2006.
"Nigeria launches West Africa's first commodities exchange."

Pierce, Steven.  Looking like a State:  Colonialism and the Discourse of Corruption in Northern Nigeria.  Comparative Studies in Society & History 48:887-914 October 2006.

Polgreen, Lydia.  Nigerian Plane Crash Kills 98, Including Top Muslim Leader.  New York Times 156:A8 October 30, 2006.
Airplane crash in Abuja, Nigeria kills 98 people.

Polgreen, Lydia.  Pilot of Nigerian Jet Ignored Storm Warning, Senior Official Says.  New York Times 156:A3 October 31, 2006.
Provides more details about a Nigerian airline crash.

Posner, Daniel N. and Young, Daniel J.  The Institutionalization of Political Power in Africa.  Journal of Democracy 18:126-140 July 2007.
Cites the example of Nigeria when President Obasanjo tried to run for a third time but the Senate refused to pass a bill that would have allowed it.

Rawlence, Ben and Albin-Lackey, Chris.  Nigeria's 2007 General Elections:  Democracy in Retreat.  African Affairs 106:497-506 July 2007.

Robertson, John.  Resignation & Cynicism.  World Today 63:17 March 2007.
"Reflects that the coming Nigerian election is crucial to the country's democratic transition, but laments that it is being met with resignation and cynicism by the citizenry."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1326459541&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Rosamond, Jon.  Boarding Party:  Pursuing Pirates to the World's End.  Jane's Navy International 112:14-21 July-August 2007.
"Focuses on the improvements made to curb the prevalence of piracy in the seas of Nigeria and Somalia."

The Scourge of Corrupt Officials.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:12-16 January 2007.
Examines anticorruption campaign, by Nuhu Ribadu.

Sharia Lite.  Economist 382:50 February 3, 2007.
"Moderation from Nigeria's Islamist state governments."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23893238&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sheyin, Ola.  New Era Dawns?  New African No.463:22-28 June 2007.
Several articles about the results of presidential elections in Nigeria.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25485182&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sheyin, Ola.  Nigeria:  The Power Behind the Throne.  New African No.459:28-33 February 2007.
Discusses politics in Nigeria.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23942416&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Shilly-Shally.  Economist 384:46-47 July 21, 2007.
Discusses the difficulties faced by Nigerian president, President Umaru Yar'Adua.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25847609&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Shultz, Newell M.  Political Inclusion and Parliamentary Changes Among Thirteen States in the Former British Africa.  Africa Insight 36:7-24 June 2006.

Special Report on Nigeria's Rivers State.  New African No.454:43-53 August-September 2006.
Many articles about the oil rich area of Nigeria called Rivers State.

Taking Action.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 165:34 November 27, 2006.
"Reports on the decision of the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority to suspend the operating license of two domestic carriers."

Tamufor, Lindlyn.  The First Oil Well in Nigeria:  The People's Version.  African Agenda 9, no.4:15 2006.
"Nigeria is one of the world's major oil producers.  Ogbia village is at the heart of Nigeria's Niger Delta from where the bulk of the country's oil comes from but the area is sinking in poverty, armed violence and environmental disaster."

Tayo, Sola.  Big Men and Ballot Boxes.  World Today 63:15-16 March 2007.
Discusses forthcoming presidential elections in Nigeria.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1326459521&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Thompson, Christopher.  The Scramble for Africa's Oil.  New Statesman 136:24-26 June 18, 2007.
"Discusses Africa and the increasing importance of its oil resources on the United States."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25384245&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Umunna, Isaac.  Any Means Necessary.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:16-19 November 2006.
"Nigerian lawmakers are ready to go to any extent to remove a sitting governor from office, even if it means ridiculing themselves or endangering the country's young democracy."

Umunna, Isaac.  Back on Track.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:14 July 2006.
"The truncating of President Olusegun Obasanjo's plan to seek a third term in office has not only saved Nigeria's young democracy from premature death, it has given it a kiss of life."

Umunna, Isaac.  The Colour of Victory.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:14-21 May 2007.
"Umaru Musa Yar' Adua's emergence as Nigeria's next president is significant in more ways than one, but the circumstances surrounding his victory leave a sour taste in the mouth."

Umunna, Isaac.  A Date with History.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:10-16 April 2007.
"Shoddy preparations notwithstanding, Nigerians are expected to go to the polls this month to elect a new government."

Umunna, Isaac.  The End Game?  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:18-19 January 2007.
"The announcement of the dismissal of embattled Nigerian Vice President Atiku Abubakar by President Olusegun Obasanjo has taken the war between the two to a new level, with dire implications for Africa's biggest democracy."

Umunna, Isaac.  The Heat Is on.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:26-27 July 2007.
"Nigerians are getting increasingly impatient with President Umaru Musa Yar'Adua, who seems not to have come to terms with the fact that he is now his nation's new leader."

Umunna, Isaac.  In the Grip of Graft.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:14-16+ October 2006.
"Nigerians have always known their country to be corrupt, but no one knew the extent of the rot until President Obasanjo and his deputy decided to wash their dirty linen in the public."

Umunna, Isaac.  Man with the Midas Touch.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:14-19 September 2007.
Reports on Mike Adenuga Jnr "touted as Africa's leading businessmen."

Umunna, Isaac.  A Race Against Time.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:24-30 August 2006.
"Nigeria revs up its campaign against the HIV/AIDS pandemic, but victory is still nowhere in sight."

Umunna, Isaac.  The Task before Yar'adua.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:14-19 June 2007.
"The task ahead of Nigeria's new leader is enormous.  The good news is that the foundation for its success has already been laid for him."

Van Biema, David and De Costa, Gilbert.  Peter Akinola.  Time 169:72 May 14, 2007.
"Focuses on actions and opinions off Archbishop of Nigeria Peter Akinola."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24984183&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Wall, Robert.  Still Struggling.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 165:94 November 6, 2006.
"Reports on the impact of the ADC Airlines Boeing 737-200 crash on the efforts of the Nigerian government to gain approval to resume direct flights to the U. S. and its audit by the International Civil Aviation Organization."

West Africa:  Anniversaries and Elections.  Africa Confidential 48:1-4 January 12, 2007.
"Voters gather in Nigeria, Mali and Senegal while diplomats head to Accra for celebrations and summits."

Will Africa Ever Get It Right?  Economist 383:14+ April 28, 2007.
"Nigeria's latest shameful and rigged election does not mean that all of Africa is hopeless."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24886922&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Williams, Bideh.  Escalating Crisis in Niger Delta.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:41 October 2006.
"Government's recourse to force against militants in the volatile oil producing areas in south-south Nigeria is making an already bad situation worse."

Williams, Bideh.  A Master Plan, at Last.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:44 May 2007.
"Nigeria's Niger Delta gets a new development blueprint that may reverse the abject neglect of the all important oil-producing region."

Williams, Bideh and Soyinka, Kayode.  Banking in Nigeria.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:21-30 July 2006.
Several articles about banking in Nigeria.

Woods, Emira.  Africa:  Burdened with Too Much Oil.  African Agenda 9, no.4:5-6 2006.
Author compares the oil-rich areas of Nigeria, Chad and Liberia.

Yahya, Maryam.  Polio Vaccines - "No Thank You!" Barriers to Polio Eradication in Northern Nigeria.  African Affairs 106:185-204 April 2007.


Senegal


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/senegal.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.  
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."

Senegal.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sg.html
General information about each country.

Senegal.  Background Notes July 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2862.htm
Information about Senegal including U.S. relations.

Senegal Honored; President Wade to Visit City.  New York Amsterdam News September 14, 2006.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22484594&site=ehost-live
"Senegal will be honored as the Best African Country for 2006."


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Dickson, David.  Political Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa:  The Need for a New Research and Diplomatic Agenda.  Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2005.  11 p. (Special Report (United States Institute of Peace), no.140)
Also available online at:  http://www.usip.org/pubs/specialreports/sr140.html
Book call no.:  320.557096 D554p

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  676 p.
Gives general information about each terrorist group and a chronology.
Book call no.:  R 364.1 J33 iss.26 2007

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Singer, Barnett.  Cultured Force:  Makers and Defenders of the French Colonial Empire.  Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin Press, 2004.  483 p.
Faidherbe of Senegal and West Africa, pp 91-116.
Book call no.:  325.344 S617c

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007


Periodicals

African Union:  How to Run a Continent - the Coming Debate in Addis Ababa.  Africa Confidential 48:6-7 January 19, 2007.
"Grand plans for a new African Development Agency are on the agenda for the African Union summit in Addis Ababa on 22-24 January.  The man behind the plan is Senegal's octogenarian President Abdoulaye Wade, who seeks reelection at home on 14 February."

Blundo, Giorgio.  Dealing with the Local State:  Informal Privatization of Street-Level Bureaucracies in Senegal.  Development & Change 37:799-819 July 2006.
"Analyzes the principal figures of administration brokerage within the justice system, the customs and local Senegalese fiscal services."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22326829&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Cherish That Democracy.  Economist 382:58 February 24, 2007.
"The successful incumbent should guard against a concentration of power."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24176627&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Eshelby, Kate.  A Fishy Business, but Senegal and Guinea-Bissau Won't Be Beaten.  New African No.458:52-54 January 2007.
"Efforts by the governments of Senegal and Guinea-Bissau in West Africa to implement the goals of the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002, which is to establish networks of Marine Protected Areas by 2012."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23620771&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hernlund, Ylva and Shell-Duncan, Bettina.  Contingency, Context, and Change:  Negotiating Female Genital Cutting in The Gambia and Senegal.  Africa Today 53:43-57 Summer 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25515225&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Johnson, Norman L. and others.  A Cost Analysis of Training Expenses Versus the Value of Medical Care Provided During the West Africa Training Cruise 2004:  Senegal.  Military Medicine 171:1225-1228 December 2006.
"A medical civic assistance program (MEDCAP) visit was conducted by naval reservist in eight villages in Senegal, West Africa."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23493005&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Juul, Kristine.  Decentralization, Local Taxation and Citizenship in Senegal.  Development & Change 37:821-849 July 2006.
"Deals with the politics of revenue collection in a framework of decentralization, democratization and multiparty politics as experienced in the small village of Barkedji in the pastoral region of Senegal."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=22326828&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Key Transitions.  Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 2:17 2007.
Briefly discusses Eugene Camara, the new Prime Minister of Guinea and President Wade claiming a win in first round presidential elections.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1262386331&sid=6&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

King, Martin L.  Politics of Intrigues.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:24-25 January 2007.
"With elections around the corner, President Wade is using all means, including subterfuge, to stay in power for another term."

King, Martin L.  Wade Is Back.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:31 April 2007.
"Incumbent Senegalese president wins a second term on the first ballot."

Polgreen, Lydia.  Dozens Are Feared Dead in Senegalese Shipwreck.  New York Times 156:A12 December 18, 2006.
Discusses "a boating accident in Senegal that took place on December 1, 2006."

Polgreen, Lydia.  Opposition in Senegal Boycotts Vote.  New York Times 156:A7 June 4, 2007.
"Voters in Senegal heeded a call by the opposition to boycott elections to choose a new national assembly."

Polgreen, Lydia.  Senegal's President Elected to Second Term by Wide Edge.  New York Times 156:A6 March 2, 2007.
"Reports that President Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal has won the president's election for a second term in 2007."

Senegal.  Military Technology 31, no.1:325-326 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Senegal/Gambia:  Crossing the River.  Africa Confidential 47:12 December 15, 2006.
"Since March, fighting has raged between rebels and troops in Senegal's southern Casamance province, driving more than 10,000 refugees across the border."

Senegal:  No Deal for Seck.  Africa Confidential 48:12 February 2, 2007.
Idrissa Seck returns to the Parti Democratique Senegalais.

Senegal:  Wade Gets His Way.  Africa Confidential 48:5 March 2, 2007.
"After the octogenarian President's electoral victory, the speculations about his successor will start."

Source Book 2007:  World Military Aircraft Inventory.  Aviation Week & Space Technology 166:25 January 15, 2007.
Provides information on the military aircraft inventory of Senegal.

West Africa:  Anniversaries and Elections.  Africa Confidential 48:1-4 January 12, 2007.
"Voters gather in Nigeria, Mali and Senegal while diplomats head to Accra for celebrations and summits."

Whiteman, Kaye.  The Senghor Centenary.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:8-9 January 2007.
"Remembers the former President of Senegal on the occasion of the centenary of his birth, his role as advocate of the emancipation of the black man and prophet of universal civilization."

Wright, Joanna.  African Drug Trade:  Drug Traffickers Head West.  Jane's Intelligence Review 19:38-41 April 2007.
"The government of Senegal has launched the Cape Verde Integrated Crime and Narcotics Program to the increased threat of international infiltration by cocaine cartels."


Sierra Leone


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/sierraleone.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa. 
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."

The Republic of Sierra Leone:  State House Online.
Available online at:  http://www.statehouse-sl.org/

Sierra Leone.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sl.html
General information about each country.

Sierra Leone.  Background Notes May 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5475.htm
Information about Sierra Leone including U.S. relations.

Taylor Trial to Continue Without Taylor.  New York Amsterdam News June 7, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25403251&site=ehost-live
Charles Taylor refuses to appear at his own trial.


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Beah, Ishmael.  A Long Way Gone:  Memoirs of a Boy Soldier.  New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007.  229 p.
Book call no.:  966.404 B365L

Bellamy, Carol.  The State of the World's Children, 2005. Childhood under Threat.  New York, UNICEF, 2004.  151 p.
Truth and Reconciliation in Sierra Leone:  Giving Children a Voice, pp 51-53.
Book call no.:  305.2308694 S797 2005

Brett, Rachel and Specht, Irma.  Young Soldiers:  Why They Choose to Fight.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2004.  192 p.
Book call no.:  355.00835 B845y

Building Sustainable Peace, edited by Tom Keating and Andy Knight.  New York, United Nations University Press, 2004.  439 p.
West Africa's Tragic Twins:  Building Peace in Liberia and Sierra Leone, by Adekeye Adebajo, pp 220-249.
Book call no.:  327.172 B932

Civil Militia:  Africa's Intractable Security Menace?  edited by David J. Francis.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2005.  300 p.
The Kamajor Militia in Sierra Leone:  Liberators or Nihilists? by Joe Alie, pp 51-70.
Book call no.:  322.42096 C582

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Daily Lives of Civilians in Wartime Africa:  From Slavery Days to Rwandans Genocide, edited by John Laband.  Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 2007.  301 p. (Greenwood Press Daily Life Through History Series)
Liberia and Sierra Leone:  Civil Wars, 1989-2004, by Lansana Gberie, pp 195-226.
Book call no.:  960.3 D133

Dangers of Co-Development:  UN Co-Operation Peacekeeping in Africa, edited by David J. Francis and others.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 2005.  175 p.
Book call no.:  341.584096 D182

Dempsey, Thomas A.  Counterterrorism in African Failed States:  Challenges and Potential Solutions.  Carlisle Barracks, PA, Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, 2006.  36 p.
Also available online at:  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB649.pdf
Book call no.:  363.32516096 D389c

Drohan, Madelaine.  Making a Killing:  How and Why Corporations Used Armed Force to Do Business.  Guilford, CT, Lyon's Press, 2004.  376 p.
Rakesh Saxena in Sierra Leone, pp 216-242.
Book call no.:  338.8809 D784m

Ending Africa's Wars:  Progressing to Peace, edited by Oliver Furley and Roy May.  Burlington, VT, Ashgate Publishing, 2006.  247 p.
A Sustainable Peace?  Sierra Leone, by Bruce Baker and Roy May, pp 221-237.
Book call no.:  327.172096 E56

Farah, Douglas.  Blood from Stones:  The Secret Financial Network of Terror.  New York, Broadway Books, 2004.  225 p.
Book call no.:  303.625 F219b

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

In the Shadow of 'Just Wars':  Violence, Politics, and Humanitarian Action, by Medicins Sans Frontieres and Fabrice Weissman.  Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2004.  372 p.
Sierra Leone:  Peace at Any Price, by Fabrice Weissman, pp 109-136.
Book call no.:  363.34988 I35

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Kandeh, Jimmy D.  Coups from Below:  Armed Subalterns and State Power in West Africa.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  255 p.
Sierra Leone:  "Sobels" and "Foot of State," pp 143-178.
Book call no.:  322.50966 K16c

Keen, David.  Conflict & Collusion in Sierra Leone.  New York, Palgrave, 2005.  340 p.
Book call no.:  966.404 K26c

Lahneman, William J.  Military Intervention:  Cases in Context for the Twenty-First Century.  Lanham, MD, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2004.  224 p.
Intervention in Sierra Leone, by Kwaku Nuamah and I. William Zartman, pp 135-152.
Book call no.:  341.584 L183m

MacQueen, Norrie.  Peacekeeping and the International System.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  286 p.
Africa I:  Decolonization in Contested Legitimacy, pp 180-210. 
Africa II:  Peacekeeping in Stateless Terrain, pp 211-233.
Book call no.:  341.584 M1731p

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

Moghalu, Kingsley Chiedu.  Global Justice:  The Politics of War Crimes Trials.  Westport, CT, Praeger Security International, 2006.  220 p.
Sierra Leone:  Judging Charles Taylor, pp 104-125.
Book call no.:  345.01 M696g

Paris, Roland.  At War's End:  Building Peace after Civil Conflict?  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2004.  289 p.
Lessons Learned and Not Learned:  Kosovo, East Timor, Sierra Leone, and Beyond, pp 212-234.
Book call no.:  327.172 P232a

Pham, J. Peter.  Child Soldiers, Adult Interests:  The Global Dimensions of the Sierra Leonean Tragedy.  New York, Novo Science Publishers, 2005.  308 p.
Book call no.:  966.4 P534c

Postconflict Reconstruction in Africa, edited by Ahmad A. Sikainga and Ousseina Alidou.  Trenton, NJ, Africa World Press, 2006.  251 p.
Silent Guns and Talking Drums:  War, Radio, and Youth Social Healing in Sierra Leone, by Ismail Rashid.  Reconstructing Fragile Lives:  Girls:  Social Reintegration in Northern Uganda and Sierra Leone, by Susan McKay.
Book call no.:  303.69096 P857

Promoting Democracy in Postconflict Societies, edited by Jeroen de Zeeuw and Krishna Kumar.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006.  331 p.
Human Rights Assistance to Sierra Leone, by Mohamed Gibril Sesay and Charlie Hughes, pp 151-181.
Transitional Justice in Sierra Leone, by Marieka Wierda, pp 183-207.
Book call no.:  321.8 P9651

Rethinking the Economics of War:  The Intersection of Need, Creed, and Greed, edited by Cynthia J. Arnson and I. William Zartman.  Washington, Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2005.  300 p.
Chapter 4:  The Criminalization of the RUF Insurgency in Sierra Leone, by Jimmy D. Kandeh.
Book call no.:  355.0218 R438

Schabas, William A.  The UN International Criminal Tribunals:  The Former Yugoslavia, Rwanda and Sierra Leone.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006.  711 p.
Book call no.:  341.69 S291u

Security, Reconstruction, and Reconciliation:  When the Wars End, edited by Muna Ndulo.  New York, UCL Press, 2007.  348 p.
Justice for Whom?  Assessing Hybrid Approaches to Accountability in Sierra Leone, by Chandra Lekha Sriram, pp 145-164.
Book call no.:  327.172096 S446

Singer, Peter Warren.  Children at War.  New York, Pantheon Books, 2005.  269 p.
Book call no.:  355.0083 S617c

Soyibo, Adedoyin.  Health-Care Delivery under Conflict:  How Prepared Is West Africa?  Ibadan, Nigeria, University Press PLC, 2005.  191 p.
Book call no.:  610.69096 S731h

Speaking Out:  Women, War, and the Global Economy, by Jan Haaken and others.  Portland, OR, Portland State University, 2005.  1 vol.
Stories of women in Sierra Leone.
Book call no.:  966.404 S741

States-Within-States:  Incipient Political Entities in the Post-Cold War Era, edited by Paul Kingston and Ian S. Spears.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  2002 p.
The Collapse of Sierra Leone and the Emergence of Multiple States-Within-States, by William Reno, pp 47-66.
Book call no.:  320.1 S7974

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007

Talentino, Andrea Kathryn.  Military Intervention after the Cold War:  The Evolution of Theory and Practice.  Athens, OH, Ohio University Press, 2005.  364 p. (Research in International Studies, no.4)
Chapter 6:  ECOWAS, the UN, and Sierra Leone.
Book call no.:  327.117 T143m

The UN Security Council:  From the Cold War to the 21st Century, edited by David M. Malone.  Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner, 2004.  746 p.(Project of the International Peace Academy)
Sierra Leone, by John Hirsch, pp 521-536.
Book call no.:  341.2323 U54

United Nations Interventionism, 1991-2004, edited by Matts Berdal and Spyros Economides.  Rev. and updated ed.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 2004.  303 p. (LSE Monographs in International Studies)
Sierra Leone, by Adekeye Adebajo, and David Keen, pp 246-273.
Book call no.:  341.584 U58

Violence, Political Culture & Development in Africa, edited by Preben Kaarsholm.  Oxford, England, James Currey, 2006.  208 p.
Chapter 10:  Forced Labour & Civil War:  Agrarian Underpinnings of the Sierra Leone Conflict, by Paul Richards.
Book call no.:  960.329 V795

Weise, Thomas George and Forsythe, David P.  The United Nations and Changing World Politics.  4th ed.  Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 2004.  392 p.
Ever-Evolving Security Operations:  Kosovo, East Timor, and Sierra Leone, pp 73-81.
Book call no.:  341.231 W429u 2004


Periodicals

3 Sierra Leone Rebels Found Guilty in First Verdicts by War Tribunal.  New York Times 156:A4 June 21, 2007.
"Reports that the war crimes court in Sierra Leone has convicted three rebel leaders of crimes against humanity during the civil war in Sierra Leone."

As You Were.  Economist 384:42 August 4, 2007.
"Discusses the political stability of Sierra Leone in 2007."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26052643&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Bangura, Abdul K.  Understanding and Fighting Corruption in Sierra Leone:  A Metaphorical Linguistic Approach.  Journal of Third World Studies 24:59-71 Spring 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25326031&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Beah, Ishmael.  The Making, and Unmaking, of a Child Soldier.  New York Times 156:Section 6 pp 36-70 January 14, 2007.
The author describes his experience of being a child soldier in the civil war of Sierra Leone.

Boateng, Osei.  Sierra Leone & Liberia Taylor's Trial Still Causing Controversy.  New African No.460:18-21 March 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24335332&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Boateng, Osei.  Taylor's Trial:  Whose Agenda?  New African No.464:46-49 July 2007.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25763034&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Boateng, Osei and Tonpo, Jarlawah A.  At Last Taylor's Trial Begins.  New African No.463:36-38 June 2007.
"After much pre-trial legal wrangling, the trial of Liberia's former president, Charles Taylor, begins in The Hague on 4 June."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25485187&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Burton-Hill, Clemency.  Blair's Forgotten War:  Inside Sierra Leone.  Spectator No.9286:16-17 July 29, 2006.
"Reflects on the social, political and economic status in Sierra Leone in relation to British Prime Minister Tony Blair's stand on foreign policy."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1091056601&sid=4&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Coker, Christine.  Planning in Hostage Rescue Missions, U. S. Operation Eagle Claw and UK Operation Barras.  Military Technology 30, no.9:66-69 2006.

Copter Crash Kills 20 in Sierra Leone.  New York Times 156:A7 June 4, 2007.
"A Paramount Airlines Mi-8 helicopter crashed at Lungi International Airport in Sierra Leone killing at least 20 people."

Dorman, Andrew.  The British Experience of Low-Intensity Conflict in Sierra Leone.  Defense & Security Analysis 23:185-200 June 2007.

Fitch, Stephane.  He Preferred Titanic.  Forbes 178:36 December 25, 2006.
"Focuses on the timing of Botswana's president, Festus Mogae's remarks praising the diamond industry just four days before the release of the movie 'Blood Diamonds'."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23454584&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

From Accountability to Rebuilding.  Science 313:289 July 21, 2006.
Survey to develop a map that shows where rebuilding of homes and properties is necessary following the fighting in Sierra Leone.

Gberie, Lansana.  Better Than Bullets.  World Today 63:26-27 July 2007.
Discusses the importance of the election of August 11, 2007.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1302554171&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Gberie, Lansana.  Sierra Leone What Use the Special Court?  New African No.461:20-21 April 2007.
"Looks into the impact of the death of former deputy minister of Sierra Leone Sam Hinga Norman, one of the accused in committing crimes against humanity, on the reputation of the United Nations created Special Court for Sierra Leone."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24621210&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hayford, Patrick.  A Special Partnership with the UN:  African Perspective.  UN Chronicle 44:14-15 March 2007.
Offers suggestions for the UN's roles in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Sudan.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25924358&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Hinga's Death Hits Home.  Africa Confidential 48:4-5 March 2, 2007.
"The loss of its main defendant further weakens the slow and costly Special Court."

Humphreys, Macartan and Weinstein, Jeremy M.  Demobilization and Reintegration.  Journal of Conflict Resolution 51:531-567 August 2007.
"Using a new dataset of ex-combatants in Sierra Leone, this article analyzes the individual-level determinants of demobilization and reintegration.

Humphreys, Macartan and Weinstein, Jeremy M.  Handling and Manhandling Civilians in Civil War.  American Political Science Review 100:429-447 August 2006.
"Using a new dataset on fighting groups in Sierra Leone, this article analyzes the determinants of the tactics, strategies, and behaviors that warring factions employ in their relationships with noncombatants."
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1195967781&sid=4&Fmt=4&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Jackson, Paul.  Reshuffling an Old Deck of Cards? The Politics of Local Government Reform in Sierra Leone.  African Affairs 106:95-111 January 2007.
"Examines the relationship between chiefdom authority and decentralization in post-war Sierra Leone."

Justice at Last?  Economist 383:48 June 2, 2007.
Discusses the trial of James Taylor, Liberia's former president, for commanding a campaign of terror in Sierra Leone.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25425340&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

King, Martin L.  Let's Do It Again.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:28-30 September 2007.
"Sierra Leoneans face a run-off ballot this month to determine who will be their next president.  However, it is the daunting development challenges that the next occupier of the State House in Freetown faces that must worry them."

King, Martin L.  Time to Go.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:17 July 2006.
"Having kept his promise to bring former Liberian President Charles Taylor to justice, chief prosecutor Desmond de Silva leaves his post at the war crimes court in Sierra Leone a satisfied man."

Long Sentences Sought for Heads of Rebel Forces in Sierra Leone.  New York Times 156:A13 July 17, 2007.
Prosecutors in the war crimes trial in Sierra Leone are looking for long prison terms for three rebel leaders, Alex Tamba Brima, Brima Bazzy Kamara, and Santigie Borbor Kanu."

Lustgarten, Abrahm.  Diamond Mines Are Forever.  Fortune 154:20 October 2, 2006.
In a "United States Agency for International Development report on Sierra Leone it concluded that as many as 50% of the countries diamonds are smuggled out and used to finance wars in Africa."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=22493077&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Mejia, Robin.  Grim Statistics.  Science 313:288-290 July 21, 2006.
Statistics show the damage that followed the decade long civil war in Sierra Leone that was incited by Charles Taylor, former president of Liberia.

Pailey, Robtel N.  It's a Question of Fair Trial.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 13:28-30 July 2007.
"Questions the legitimacy of the Special Court for Sierra Leone and the international criminal justice system."

Petrou, Michael.  The Long Arm of Charles Taylor Versus the Law.  Maclean's 120:26-33 June 4, 2007.
Former president of Liberia, Charles Taylor, will face trial for his involvement in atrocities that occurred in the civil war in Sierra Leone.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25228346&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Robinson, Simon and Ressner, Jeffrey.  Hollywood Plays Rough with Diamonds.  Time 168:64-67 November 27, 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23168331&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Romanncan, Alfred.  'I'm Happy to See Liberia Again'.  New African No.453:32-33 July 2006.
Liberian refugees return home from Sierra Leone.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21500176&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Shultz, Newell M.  Political Inclusion and Parliamentary Changes Among Thirteen States in the Former British Africa.  Africa Insight 36:7-24 June 2006.

Sierra Leone.  Military Technology 31, no.1:327-328 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Sierra Leone:  A Clean Sweep, Maybe.  Africa Confidential 48:1-2 September 21, 2007.
"A peaceful transfer of power bodes well for serious reform and fresh aid for a broken country."

Sierra Leone:  A Turn for the Worse.  Africa Confidential 48:12 September 7, 2007.
Discusses violent clashes that happened a week before the presidential runoff on September 8.

Sierra Leone:  Aid and Votes.  Africa Confidential 48:4-5 April 13, 2007.
"Proper politics begins again, as the country lurches toward elections in a referendum."

Sierra Leone:  Doing Good, Not Doing Well.  Africa Confidential 48:4-5 August 24, 2007.
"Reforms and the inflow of money has helped the ruling party more than the people."

Sierra Leone:  Justice at a Price.  Africa Confidential 48:3 July 20, 2007.
"The court that is trying Sierra Leone's war-crimes is costly and, so far, not very effective."

Sierra Leone:  The First-Round Fight.  Africa Confidential 48:4-5 August 3, 2007.
"The governing party may be on its way out and the campaign seems to be turning nasty."

Sierra Leone:  Vote Later, Vote Often.  Africa Confidential 48:12 May 11, 2007.
"The governing Sierra Leone People's Party is coming under fire for postponing this year's elections in which its candidate, incumbent Vice-President Solomon Brerewa is expected to win."

Snyder, Richard.  Does Lootable Wealth Breed Disorder?  Comparative Political Studies 38:943-968 October 2006.
"A focus on institutions of extraction provides a stronger understanding of the wide range of political outcomes--from chaos, to dictatorship, to democracy--in resource-rich countries."

Stepakoff, Shanee and others.  Trauma Healing in Refugee Camps in Guinea:  A Psychosocial Program for Liberian and Sierra Leonean Survivors of Torture and War.  American Psychologist 61:921-932 November 2006.

Sudan:  Mission Improbable.  Africa Confidential 48:8-9 August 24, 2007.
"Khartoum schemings, political rows and logistical shortages are undermining the Darfur peacekeeping force."

Thomas, Mustapha O.  Poverty in the Midst of Plenty.  African Agenda 9, no.4:9-11 2006.
"While poverty is endemic in Sierra Leone, poverty in diamond mining areas is particularly striking because the country has one of the most skewed income distributions in the world."

United Nations Peace Operations in Africa:  A Cookie-Cutter Approach?  Journal of Third World Studies 23:11-29 Fall 2006.
Discusses two UN interventions in detail:  Democratic Republic of Congo in 1999 and Sierra Leone.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24326276&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Walt, Vivienne.  Diamonds Aren't Forever.  Fortune 154:86-92 December 11, 2006.
Discusses the diamond mining industry in Sierra Leone.
Also available online at:  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1169995461&sid=3&Fmt=3&clientId=417&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Willibald, Sigrid.  Does Money Work? Cash Transfers to Ex-Combatants in Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration Processes.  Disasters 30:316-339 September 2006.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=21784770&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

The Year 2004 Responding to Challenges.  UN Chronicle 43:22-23 September-November 2006.
In looking at the accomplishments of the UN in 2004, this article includes "success in helping to restore political stability in Liberia, Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23359899&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv


Togo


Internet Resources

Law Library of Congress.  Global Legal Information Network
Available online at:  http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/togo.html
"A database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  These GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language.  Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN."

Political Resources on the Net:  Africa.
Available online at:  http://www.politicalresources.net/africa.htm
"Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country with links to parties, organizations, governments, media and more from all around the world."

Togo.  CIA World Factbook 2007.
Available online at:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/to.html
General information about each country.

Togo.
Available online at:  http://www.republicoftogo.com/
Includes a small section in English.

Togo.  Background Notes April 2007.
Available online at:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5430.htm
Information about Togo including U.S. relations.

Yellow Fever, Togo - Update.  Weekly Epidemiological Record 82:50 February 16, 2007.
Available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24493183&site=ehost-live


Books

Africa 2007.  42nd ed.  Harpers Ferry, WV, Stryker-Post, 2007.  326 p.
Gives general information about each country and a detailed history.
Book call no.:  R 916 D724a 42nd ed. 2007

Africa South of the Sahara 2007.  36th ed.  New York, Routledge, 2006.  1513 p.
Provides detailed information about each country.
Book call no.:  R 916.7 A258 36th ed. 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2005, by the United States Department of State.  Washington, GPO, 2006.  2 vols.
See table of contents for section on each country.
Also available online at:  http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/
Book call no.:  323.4 D419c 2005

Global Studies:  Africa, by Wayne Edge.  11th ed. updated.  Dubuque, IA, McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2008.  322 p.
Provides an essay for each geographic area, statistical information and a country report for included countries.
Book call no.:  R 960.05 G652 11th ed. 2008

Jane's Sentinel:  Security Assessment West Africa.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  763 p.
For each country includes information such as:  country profile, geography, natural resources, demography, infrastructure, internal affairs, external affairs, defence budget, armed forces, army, air force, navy, security and foreign forces, procurement, defence production and R&D, and main economic indicators.
Book call no.:  R 966 J33 iss.13 2007

Jane's World Air Forces, edited by Lindsay Peacock and Alastair Cameron.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2007.  651 p.
Provides order of battle and inventory for each country's air force.
Book call no.:  R 623.746 J33 iss.25 2007

Jane's World Armies, edited by Giles Ebbutt and James C. O'Halloran.  Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2006.  829 p.
Provides the following information for each country:  national overview, armed forces overview, command and control, army organization, equipment in service, current developments and recent operations, procurement detail, and points of contact.
Book call no.:  R 355.3 J33 iss.19 2006

Military Balance 2007.  London, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007.  451 p.
Provides information about the military organization of each country.
Book call no.:  R 355 L847m 2007

N'Diaye, Boubacar and Saine, Abkoulaye S.  Not Yet Democracy:  West Africa Slow Farewell to Authoritarianism.  Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, 2005.  224 p.
Book call no.:  322.50966 N337n

The Statesman's Yearbook:  The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2007, edited by Barry Turner.  New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.  1564 p.
Includes general information about each country including a biography of the current leader, key historical events, recent election results, current administration, defense information, economy, energy and natural resources, trade, communications, social institutions, culture, and the address of the government web site.
Book call no.:  R 310 St2 143rd ed. 2007


Periodicals

Akioye, Seun.  West Africa Being Fleeced at the Borders.  New African No.460:24-25 March 2007.
Cites "the frontiers of Benin-Nigeria, Benin-Togo, and Togo-Ghana as the corruption hotspots where custom officers worked in a difficult condition and travelers were intimidated."
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24335334&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

King, Martin L.  EU's Bait.  Africa Today:  Voice of the Continent 12:18-19 September 2006.
"Togo's feuding politicians must close ranks if the country is to access much-needed aid from the European Union."

Togo.  Military Technology 31, no.1:333-334 2007.
Details force structure.
Also available online at:  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25570932&site=ehost-live&custid=airuniv

Togo:  Back in the Fold.  Africa Confidential 47:8 September 22, 2006.
"The choice of leading oppositionist Yaovi Agboyigbo as Prime Minister on 16 September and offers of aid and investment from Brussels and Paris point to a changing climate."


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