WOMEN IN THE ARMED FORCES


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Women in Combat


Books

Aleksievich, Svetlana. War's Unwomanly Face. Moscow, Progress Publishers, 1988. 247 p.
About Soviet women in World War II.
Book call no.: 940.5315 A366w

Divided Houses: Gender and the Civil War, edited by Catherine Clinton and Nina Silber. New York, Oxford University Press, 1992. 418 p.
Women at War, pg. 97+ Women and Guerrilla Warfare, by Michael Fellman, pg. 147+
Book call no.: 305.3 D618

Jones, David E. Women Warriors: A History. Washington, DC, Brassey's, 1997. 279 p.
Book call no.: 355.0082 J76w

Mosher, Mary A. Army Women in Combat: An Examination of Roles, Opportunities, Administration, and Social Acceptability. 1993. 210 leaves. (D. P. A. thesis, University of Alabama)
Book call no.: 355.4082 M911a

Muir, Kate. Arms and the Woman. London, Sinclair-Stevenson, 1992. 209 p.
Book call no.: 355.0082 M953a

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Military Forces and Personnel Subcommittee. Assignment of Army and Marine Corps Women under the New Definition of Ground Support. Washington, DC, 1995. 107 p. (103rd Congress, 2nd session: hearing held October 6, 1994.)
Book call no.: 355.0082 U581a

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Military Forces and Personnel Subcommittee. Women in Combat. Washington, DC, 1994. 180 p. (Hearing, 103rd Congress, 1st session, May 12, 1993.)
Book call no.: 355.0082 U581w

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Military Personnel and Compensation Subcommittee. Gender Discrimination in the Military. Washington, DC, GPO, 1992. 128 p. (Hearings, 102nd Congress, 2nd session, July 29-30, 1992)
Book call no.: 355.0082 U581g

United States. Presidential Commission on the Assignment of Women in the Armed Forces. Women in Combat: Report to the President, November 15, 1992. Washington, DC, Brassey's, 1993. 1 vol. (various pagings). (AUSA Institute of Land Warfare book)
Book call no.: 355.4082 U58w; also 355.0082 U58r

Weinstein, Laurie Lee. Wives and Warriors: Women and the Military in the United States and Canada. Westport, CT, Bergin & Garvey, 1997. 252 p.
Women in Combat: the US Military and the Impact of the Persian Gulf War.
Behind the Front Lines: Feminist Battles over Women in Combat.
Book call no.: 355.0082 W834

Zimmerman, Jean. Tailspin: Women at War in the Wake of Tailhook. New York, Doubleday, 1995. 336 p.
Book call no.: 355.0082 Z72t


Documents

Alderman, Marc I. Women in Direct Combat: What is the Price for Equality?. Fort Leavenworth, KS, December 1992. 55 p. (U. S. Army Command and General Staff College. Monograph.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 A361w

Baxter, Dwayne F. Women and Nontraditional Occupations in the Navy: A Study of Qualification over Time. Monterey, CA, September 1993. 83 p. (Naval Postgraduate School. Thesis.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 B355w

Brown, Nancy E. (CDR, USN). Women in Combat in Tomorrow's Navy. Carlisle Barracks, PA, April 1993. 29 p. (U.S. Army War College Military Studies Program paper.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 B8792w

Caldwell, John A. Jr. and Caldwell J. Lynn. Female and Male Aviators are Not Affected Differently by Sleep Deprivation and Continuous Task Demands. Fort Rucker, AL, June 1996. 21 P. (USAARL report / U. S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42959 no.96-28

Conference to Explore the Effects of Combat, Trauma & Extreme Environments on Women's Health and Performance. Gender, Stress and Coping in the U. S. Military. Bethesda, MD, Uniformed Services University of the Health Services, 1995-1996. 4 v.
v.1: Trauma, stress & health: military women in combat, deployment & contingency operations.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42764-400 vols 1-4

Ernst, Robert W. and Gilbeau Robert J. Gender Bias in the Navy. Monterey, CA, June 1993. 118 p. ( Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.). Thesis.)
Study addresses the issues of sexual harassment, gender bias, and women in combat from a male perspective.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 E71g

Harrell, Margaret C. and Miller Laura L. New Opportunities for Military Women: Effects Upon Readiness, Cohesion, and Morale. Santa Monica, CA, Rand, 1997. 172 p. (MR / Rand Corporation)
Assesses the performance of each military service in integrating women into previously closed military occupations, and the effects of this integration on defense readiness and morale.
Doc. call no.: M-U 30352-84 no. 896

Holt, James R. Jr. Ladies Fix Bayonets: Impossible Policy Decision. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air War College, April 1996. 27 leaves.
Doc. call no.: M-U 43117 H758L

Lossius, Robert L. A. Women in Combat Arms: A Combat Multiplier? Fort McNair, DC, April 1992. 26 p. (Industrial College of the Armed Forces. ICAF Executive Research Project.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42942-1 L881w

Mullins, Wendy Rae. (Maj, USA). Female Combat Helicopter Pilot Selection Criteria. Fort Leavenworth, KS, June 1993. 105 p. (U. S. Army Command and General Staff College. Thesis.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022 M959f

Rowe, Elizabeth A. Enlisted Women at Sea: A Quantitative Analysis. Newport, RI, March 1994. 100 p. (Naval War College. Center for Advanced Research. Paper.)
Includes discussion of sexual harassment and women in combat.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662-6 R878e

Voge, Victoria M. and King Raymond E. Self-Reported Aviation Concerns of Male and Female US Air Force and Army Rated Aircrew. Brooks AFB, TX, Armstrong Laboratory, Air Force Materiel Command, Feb 1996. 40 p. (AL/AO-TR / Armstrong Laboratory)
POW concerns, pp 16-17
Combat concerns, pp 17-18
Doc. call no.: M-U 43953-14 1996 no.0039

Woods, George J. Women in the Infantry: The Effect on the Moral Domain. Fort Leavenworth, KS, December 1992. 53 p. (U. S. Army Command and General Staff College. Monograph.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42022-2 W894w


Periodicals

Aspin, Les and Dorn Edwin. New Ground Combat Rules for Women. Defense Issues 9, no 1:1-6 '94.

Baldwin, Sherman. Creating the Ultimate Meritocracy. U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 119:33-36 Jun '93.

Barry, M. S. Do We Really Want Equality of Employment for Our Women in the Armed Services? Australian Defence Force Journal No. 101:5-21 Jul-Aug '93.

Berens, Robert J. Is it Combat, or "Combat"? Marine Corps Gazette 81:71-72 Nov '97.
Argues that being in an active war theater and being involved in combat are not necessarily one and the same.

Bird, Julie. All Aircraft Opened to Female Fliers. Air Force Times 53:3-4 May 10 '93.

Bird, Julie. Pioneers (as women enter combat units, the Air Force makes major adjustments). Air Force Times 54:12-14 Mar 21 '94.

Blazar, Ernest. Air Wing 11 Report Due Soon. Navy Times 46:18 Mar 31 '97.
The Inspector General report is one of a series that have looked into the Navy's Carrier Air Wing 11 and its handling of the service's first female combat pilots.

Boussy, Laura J. No Women in Ground Combat. U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 122:42-44 Nov '96.

Brennan, Terrence P. Putting Politics before Military Readiness. Marine Corps Gazette 78:52+ Dec '94.

Brower, J. Michael. The Mother of All Future Debates: Women in Combat. Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 14:1-10 Fall-Winter '96.

Brower, Michael. Undermining Old Taboos: US, UK Studies Say Women Can Meet Physical Demands of Combat. Armed Forces Journal International 133:13 May '96.

Brown, Patricia. Women in Combat: Change the Paradigm First. Marine Corps Gazette 77:37-38 Sep '93.

Buckley, James J. The Unit Cohesion Factor. Marine Corps Gazette 81:66-70 Nov '97.
Examines the question of whether the integration of females into groups of males will have an adverse effect on such cohesion.

Campbell, D'Ann. Women, Combat, and the Gender Line. MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History 6:88-97 Autumn '93.
A secret WW II Pentagon study proved that WAACs were ready to serve as antiaircraft gunners. Other nations made warriors of their women--why didn't the U. S.?

Campbell, D'Ann. Women in Combat: The World War II Experience in the United States, Great Britain, Germany, and the Soviet Union. Journal of Military History 57:301-323 Apr '93.

Correll, John T. What the Herres Commission Found. Air Force Magazine 76:38-41 Feb '93.
About the Presidential Commission on the Assignment of Women in the Armed Forces.

D'Amico, Francine. Feminist Perspectives on Women Warriors. Peace Review 8:379-384 Sep '96.
Author disagrees with the perception that women's involvement in the Gulf War challenged traditional gender constraints.

de Groot, Gerard J. Combatants or Non-Combatants? Women in Mixed Anti-Aircraft Batteries during the Second World War. RUSI Journal 140:65-70 Oct '95.

de Groot, Gerard J. Women Warriors. Contemporary Review 266:257-260 May '95.
About Jo Salter, the first woman in the RAF to be declared combat ready, February 1995. Also includes brief discussion of women in combat.

Donnelly, Elaine. From a Commissioner (on women in combat). U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 119:55-56 Feb '93.

Enges-Maas, Mary. Women Join Warship Crew for Six-Month Long Tour. Navy Times 42:8 Jun 28 '93.
Lts. (j.g.) Holly Russell and Lisa Schweinfurth are the Navy's first women to join a ship's combat crew for a six-month deployment.

Faram, Mark D. Reservist Flight Officer is Picked for P-3 Combat Job. Navy Times 42:8 Jun 28 '93.
LCDR Kathryn Hire is the first Navy women assigned to a combat air crew.

Finch, Mimi. Women in Combat: One Commissioner Reports. Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 12:1-12 Spring '94.

Fuentes, Gidget. Women and Combat: Now All Marines Get at Least 2 Weeks of Combat Field Training. Navy Times: Marine Corps Edition 46:12-14 Apr 21 '97.
Describes the new Marine Combat Training course, a mixed-gender program that marks the Marines' first foray into co-ed combat training.

Garrison, Becky. Are Women OK on Combatants? Not Really, Says Navy Survey. Navy Times 44:14 Sep 4 '95.

Geraci, Karen Sellers. Women in Combat? Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 13:19-35 Spring '95.

Gruner, Elliott. Women as POWs: Forgetting the Rhonda Cornum Story. Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 13:1-14 Spring '96.

Initital Cadre. Airman 37:30-31 Oct '93.
Photos and brief biographies of the first ten women selected as combat pilot training candidates.

Israeli Air Force Wants to Ban Female Fighter Pilots. Jane's Defence Weekly 23:10 Jan 28 '95.

Jones, E. G. Women in Combat--Historical Quirk or the Future Cutting Edge? RUSI Journal 138:34-40 Aug '93.

Jules-Dehner, Noel. Under Fire: Soviet Women Combat Veterans. Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 15:1-12 Summer '97.

Kane, Pamela A. National Guard Women Break Barriers in Aviation. National Guard 47:14-16+ Nov '93.
About 1LT Tammy Gross, the Army Guard's first Cobra pilot, and Maj. Jackie Parker, training to be the first Air Guard F-16 woman pilot.

Kitfield, James. Women Warriors. Government Executive 26:22-24+ Mar '94.

Korb, Lawrence and Maginnis Robert L. Should Men and Women Train and Go Into Combat Together? Retired Officer 53:40-45 Oct '97.
Present pro (Korb) and con (Maginnis) arguments.

Lawrence, William P. Commision (on women in combat). U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 119:48-51 Feb '93.

Lewis, Ronald W. and Sanders Van C. LadyHawks. AirForces Monthly no. 84:52-55 Mar '95.
USAF begins to accept women pilots and crew members on fighter aircraft.

Luddy, John F. II. On Women in Combat. Marine Corps Gazette 78:55-57 Dec '94.

Mack, Alastair. Women in Combat: The British and American Experience in the Gulf War, 1991. RUSI Journal 138:33-37 Oct '93.

Mariner, Rosemary Bryant. A Soldier is a Soldier. Joint Force Quarterly No. 3:54-61 Winter '93-94.
Argues that successful integration of women into combat forces is "dependent on a common identity and purpose: a soldier is a soldier."

McIntire, Katherine. Army Women Applaud Demise of "Risk Rule." Army Times 54:8 Jan 31 '94.

McIntire, Katherine. Guard Assigns First Woman Combat Pilot. Army Times 54:22 Nov 15 '93.
Army National Guard's first woman qualified to fly combat aircraft, 1LT Tammy Gross.

McPeak's Message on Women in Combat. Air Force Times 53:26 May 17 '93.
Text of General McPeak's April 28, 1993 message on the removal of the combat aviation exclusion.

MG Daniel W. Christman's Testimony to Presidential Commission on the Assignment of Women in the Armed Forces. Engineer 22:2-4 Nov '92.

Nash, Mary. Women in War: Milicianas and Armed Conflict in Revolutionary Spain, 1936-1939. International History Review 15:269-282 May '93.

Nelan, Bruce W. Annie Get Your Gun. Time 141:38+ May 10 '93.

New Military Culture. CQ Researcher 6:361-384 Apr 26 '96.
Entire issue explores issues involving women, minorities and homosexuals in the armed forces. Includes articles: Women who Resist Sexual Harassment (pages 370); Women Get Their Shot (pages 372-373); Women in Combat (page 375-376).

Peach, Lucinda J. Women at War: the Ethics of Women in Combat. Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 12:1-64 Winter '94.

Pennington, Reina. The Propaganda Factor and Soviet Women Pilots in World War II. Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 15:13-41 Summer '97.

Pexton, Patrick. Woman's Place: Soon it Will be on Combatants. Navy Times 42:10+ Jul 12 '93.

Pfluke, Lillian A. Question: Will Combat Roles for Women Downgrade Military Readiness? No: Women have Proved They Can Do the Job. Insight on the News 11:19+ May 8 '95.

Poindexter, G. W. Step Back for Women: Risk Rule Used to Deny Access to Helicopters. Air Force Times 55:8 Aug 15 '94.

Rashid, Ahmed. Sister Courage. Far Eastern Economic Review 160:30 Nov 27 '97.
Hazara women served alongside men on the front lines in Afghanistan in their battle against the Taliban.

Rayner, Richard. The Warrior Besieged. New York Times Magazine24-29+ Jun 22 '97.
The historic assumption that men do the fighting is colliding with modern egalitarian ideals. With more women in the ranks, will the military be strengthened or emasculated?

Roberts, Jeffrey J. On John Keegan, Soviet "Amazons," and the Issue of Women inCombat. Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 13:11-28 Fall-Winter '96.

Rogers, Phillipe D.(Capt, USMC). John Has to Do It, Because Jane Can't. U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 122:46 Sep '96.
Although all Marine combat aircraft communities are now open to female aviators, female officers are still not allowed to serve in the combat military occupation specialties of aviation-related ground tours. Author contends that this issue "eventually will undermine the morale of any close-knit aviation unit," and argues that the USMC should "open all combat arms fields or don't open them up at all."

Rosen, Leora N. Cohesion and Readiness in Gender-Integrated Combat Service Support Units: The Impact of Acceptance of Women and Gender Ratio. Armed Forces & Society 22:537-553 Summer '96.

Steele, Dennis. Women Aviators Get Clearance for Combat Flight Assignments. Army 43:13 Jun '93.

Stoddard, Ellwyn R. Married Female Officers in a Combat Branch: Occupation-Family Stress and Future Career Choices. Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 12:1-14 Summer '94.

Tice, Jim. Army Opens 18,000 Jobs to Women. Army Times 54:3 Jan 24 '94.
About 18,000 additional combat support and combat services positions in the active Army and reserves will be opened to women on October 1, 1994.

Walker, Paulette. Women Move Closer to Battlefield. Army Times 54:3-4 Jun 20 '94.

Ward, Kelly John. Leadership Challenge for the Future: Women in Armor and Cavalry. Armor 101:45-47 Nov-Dec '92.

Willis, Grant. Fighting Women in Combat. Navy Times 43:12-13 Nov 1 '93.
SecDef Aspin's April 28, 1993 directive started the Navy on a path toward assigning women to surface combat ships.

Wilson, Heather. Women in Combat. National Interest No. 32:75-77 Summer '93.

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