WOMEN IN THE ARMED FORCES


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Women in the Navy


Books

Ebbert, Jean. Crossed Currents: Navy Women from WWI to Tailhook. Washington, Brassey's , 1993. 321 p.
Book call no.: 359.0082 E15c

Weinstein, Laurie Lee. Wives and Warriors: Women and the Military in the United States and Canada. Westport, CT, Bergin & Garvey, 1997. 252 p.
Blue Navy Blues: Submarine Officers and the Two-Person Career.
Book call no.: 355.0082 W834

Zimmerman, Jean. Tailspin: Women at War in the Wake of Tailhook. New York, Doubleday, 1995. 336 p.
Book call no.: 355.0082 Z72t


Documents

Baxter, Dwayne F. Women and Nontraditional Occupations in the Navy: A Study of Qualification over Time. Monterey, CA, September 1993. 83 p. (Naval Postgraduate School. Thesis.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 B355w

Beagle, Ronda J. (Lt, USN). The Navy's Search for a Few Good Women: Analysis of a Direct Mail Campaign. Monterey, CA, Sep 1993. 105 p. (Naval Postgraduate School)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 B3651n

Booth-Kewley, Stephanie. Factors Affecting the Reporting of Sexual Harassment in the Navy. San Diego, CA, Sep 1995. 21 p. (NPRDC TN / Navy Personnel Research and Development Center (U.S.))
Doc. call no.: M-U 42932-11 no.95-9

Brown, Nancy E. (CDR, USN). Women in Combat in Tomorrow's Navy. Carlisle Barracks, PA, April 1993. 29 p. (U.S. Army War College Military Studies Program paper.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 39080-83 B8792w

Center for Naval Analyses. Women in the Navy: The Past, the Present, and the Future. Alexandria, VA, March 1994. 40 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 31914-45

Culbertson, Amy L. Rosenfeld Paul and Newell Carol E. Sexual Harassment in the Active-Duty Navy: Findings from the 1991 Navy-Wide Survey. San Diego, CA, Dec 1993. 1 v. (various pagings) (NPRDC-TR / Navy Personnel Research and Development Center.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42932-9 no. 94-2

Daniels, Kathleen B. (Lt, USN). The Social Construction of Race and Gender: Black Women Officers in the U. S. Navy. Monterey, CA, 1994. 52 p. (Naval Postgraduate School, U. S. Thesis.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 D186s

Ernst, Robert W. and Gilbeau Robert J. Gender Bias in the Navy. Monterey, CA, June 1993. 118 p. ( Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.). Thesis.)
Study addresses the issues of sexual harassment, gender bias, and women in combat from a male perspective.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 E71g

Garland, Frank C. Women Aboard Navy Ships: A Comprehensive Health and Readiness Research Project. Fort Detrick, MD, U. S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, 1996. 2 v. (various pagings).
Doc. call no.: M-U 42968-3

Joyal, Donna Marie (Lt, USN). Case Studies of the Recruitment, Selection, Retention and Career Development of Women in the Navy. Monterey, CA, March 1993. 129 p. (Naval Postgraduate School)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 J88c

Klapka, Miriam A. and others. Women on Ships: A Historical Look at Unplanned Losses. Alexandria, VA, Center for Naval Analyses, 1995. 19 p. (CAB / Center for Naval Analyses)
Addresses two questions: (1) do unplanned losses of crew members vary over the employment cycle of ships? and (2) are there gender differences in the unplanned loss rate, and what role does pregnancy play in these differences?
Doc. call no.: M-U 31914-44 no. 95-4

Margosian, Mary Ann B.(LCDR, USN) and Vendrzyk, Judith M. (LT, USN). Policies, Practices, and the Effect of Gender Discrimination on the Integration of Women Officers into the Department of the Navy. Monterey, CA, March 1994. 142 p. (Naval Postgraduate School. Thesis.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 M328p

Miller, Scot Andrew (Comdr., USN). Perceptions of Racial and Gender Bias in Naval Aviation Flight Training. Monterey, CA, Dec 1994. 112 p. (Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.) Thesis)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 M6513p

Naval Academy: Gender and Racial Disparities. Washington, DC, Apr 1993. 68 p. (NSIAD / United States. General Accounting Office.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 41026-147 no. 93-54

Rowe, Elizabeth A. Enlisted Women at Sea: A Quantitative Analysis. Newport, RI, March 1994. 100 p. (Naval War College. Center for Advanced Research. Paper.)
Includes discussion of sexual harassment and women in combat.
Doc. call no.: M-U 41662-6 R878e

Thomas, Marie D. Utilization of Pregnant Enlisted Women Transferred Off Ships. San Diego, CA, January 1994 (NPRDDC-TN / Navy Personnel Research and Development Center.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42932-11 no. 94-14

Turner, Robbie G. Minority Women Officers in the Navy: Past, Present and Future Prospects. Monterey, CA, Mar 1991. 79 p. (Naval Postgraduate School, U. S. Thesis.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 T9512m

Werkhaven, Lisa R. (LCDR, USN). A Cohort Analysis of Career Progression for Ethnic and Female Officers in the U. S. Navy. Monterey, CA, March 1993. 318 p. (Naval Postgraduate School. Thesis.)
Doc. call no.: M-U 42525 W488c


Periodicals

Blazar, Ernest. Air Wing 11 Report Due Soon. Navy Times 46:18 Mar 31 '97.
The Inspector General report is one of a series that have looked into the Navy's Carrier Air Wing 11 and its handling of the service's first female combat pilots.

Blazar, Ernest. Wing of Fate: What Went Wrong--IG Report Details Mistakes in Rushing Women into Carriers. Navy Times 46:4+ Jul 14 '97.

Burlage, John. She's in the Navy Now. Navy Times 44:4 Jan 9 '95.
Navy recruiters are signing up more women.

Culbertson, Amy L. and Rosenfeld, Paul. Assessment of Sexual Harassment in the Active-Duty Navy. Military Psychology 6, no. 2:69-93 '94.

Enges-Maas, Mary. Women Join Warship Crew for Six-Month Long Tour. Navy Times 42:8 Jun 28 '93.
Lts. (j.g.) Holly Russell and Lisa Schweinfurth are the Navy's first women to join a ship's combat crew for a six-month deployment.

Faram, Mark D. Reservist Flight Officer is Picked for P-3 Combat Job. Navy Times 42:8 Jun 28 '93.
LCDR Kathryn Hire is the first Navy women assigned to a combat air crew.

Fletcher, Jean W., McMahon, Joyce S., and Quester, Aline. Tradition, Technology, and the Changing Roles of Women in the Navy. Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 11:57-85 Fall-Winter '93.

Garrison, Becky. Are Women OK on Combatants? Not Really, Says Navy Survey. Navy Times 44:14 Sep 4 '95.

Garrison, Becky. Deployed and Pregnant. Navy Times 44:3 Apr 3 '95.

Garrison, Becky. The Grounding of Morale at Air Wing 11. Navy Times 45:6 Mar 18 '96.
In the wake of a string of crashes, claims emerge that a double standard for male and female pilots was destroying morale in the Navy's Carrier Air Wing 11.

Garrison, Becky. One Size Jet Doesn't Fit All: Modifications are Needed for Some Women Aviators. Navy Times 44:34-35 Nov 14 '94.

Garrison, Becky. Too Many Women? What Gender-Neutral Recruiting Means to Today's Navy. Navy Times 44:10-11 Mar 27 '95.

Heines, Vivienne. Striking Differences: Is Navy Combat Jet Training Fair to Women and Blacks? Navy Times 46:12-15 Mar 10 '97.

Hughey, Michael J. Changes in Women's Health Care Aboard One Ship. Military Medicine 162:671-674 Oct '97.
To assess the impact of changes on women's health care needs in an operational setting, a study of one ship was undertaken in 1990 and again in 1995.

Jowers, Karen. Pregnancy Not Used to Shirk Sea Duty, Research Shows. Navy Times 46:4 Dec 30 '96.

Katz-Stone, Adam. Opportunity Knocks for Women at Sea. Navy Times 46:22 Nov 11 '96.

Kaufman, Leslie. Women Come Aboard (combat ships). Government Executive 26:40-43 Jul '94.

Maze, Rick. Women in the Ranks Get a Thumbs-Up. Navy Times 44:8 Apr 10 '95.

Nelson, Soraya S. Women in Navy Seek More Care than Men. Air Force Times 55:23 Nov 28 '94.

Nice, D. Stephen and Hilton Susan. Sex Differences and Occupational Influences on Health Care Utilization Aboard U. S. Navy Ships. Military Psychology 6, no. 2:109-123 '94.

Nolan, Mary I. Right Time and Place: (USS) Eisenhower's Historic Mixed-Gender Deployment. Sea Power 37:41-42 Oct '94.

Palzkill, Dennis J. Take All Comers (integrating women into the Navy). U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 121:79-82 May '95.

Pexton, Patrick. 63 Women Get Carrier Orders. Navy Times 43:4 Mar 21 '94.

Pexton, Patrick. Better Navy for Women, Minorities. Navy Times 44:16-17 Feb 13 '95.

Pexton, Patrick. Closing Out First-Filled Careers: Navy's Female "Gray Eagles" Are Calling it a Day. Navy Times 46:16 May 19 '97.
About Capt. Jane Skiles O'Dea and Capt. Rosemary Mariner. As members of the first class of women to go through Navy flight school in 1973, almost everything they did thereafter was a Navy "first" for women.

Pexton, Patrick. Five Women Aviators Fly Right. Navy Times 43:4 Jun 27 '94.
Five women successfully screened for aviation commands, a Navy first.

Pexton, Patrick. New Captains Have Flown Against Tradition. Navy Times 42:4 Apr 5 '93.
About Navy's first female aviators to make captain; also includes brief profiles of the first six women to complete flight school.

Pexton, Patrick. Pregnancy Policy Goes to Sea. Navy Times 44:3 Feb 20 '95.

Pexton, Patrick. Sad, But Inevitable First: Woman F-14 Pilot (Lt. Kara Hultgreen)Dies in Crash. Navy Times 44:3 Nov 7 '94.

Pexton, Patrick. Woman's Place: Soon it Will be on Combatants. Navy Times 42:10+ Jul 12 '93.

Pexton, Patrick and Garrison Becky. Women on the Ike: So Far, So Good. Navy Times 44:18+ Nov 14 '94.

Schmitt, Eric. Women on Warships. Military Lifestyle 26:20-22 Jun '94.

Schwerin, Michael J. Shipboard Women's Health Care: Provider Perceptions. Military Medicine 162:666-670 Oct '97.

Stone, Andrea. Is Navy Sailing by Others' Integration Woes? Navy Times 47:10 Jan 26 '98.
Although progress in integrating women has been slow throughout the military, the Navy's efforts have, by many accounts, gone smoother than most.

Thomas, Patricia J. and Thomas Marie D. Effects of Sex, Marital Status, and Parental Status on Absenteeism Among Navy Enlisted Personnel. Military Psychology 6, no. 2:95-108 1994.

Weible, Jack. Survey: No Major Problem--Reservists Report Sexual Harassment is Down. Navy Times 46:22 Mar 31 '97.

Willis, Grant. Fighting Women in Combat. Navy Times 43:12-13 Nov 1 '93.
SecDef Aspin's April 28, 1993 directive started the Navy on a path toward assigning women to surface combat ships.

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