Good morning Chairman Roberts,
Vice-Chairman Rockefeller, and Members of the Committee. I would
like to commend the Committee for placing a priority on holding
this hearing and I welcome the opportunity to appear before you
this morning. I believe it is critical that the American people
be kept informed of what their government is doing to protect
them from this nation's enemies.
As we enter the second year of
the global war on terrorism, the United States and its allies
have inflicted a series of significant defeats on al-Qaeda and
its terrorist networks, both at home and abroad. The terrorist
enemy, however, is far from defeated. Although our country's
ultimate victory is not in doubt, we face a long war whose end
is difficult to foresee. But make no mistake, Mr. Chairman, the
enemies we face are resourceful, merciless, and fanatically committed
to inflicting massive damage on our homeland, which they regard
as the bastion of evil. In this war, there can be no compromise
or negotiated settlement. Accordingly, the prevention of another
terrorist attack remains the FBI's top priority as we strive
to disrupt and destroy terrorism on our soil.
The FBI's efforts to identify
and dismantle terrorist networks have yielded major successes
over the past 17 months. We have charged 197 suspected terrorists
with crimes99 of whom have been convicted to date. We
have also facilitated the deportation of 478 individuals with
suspected links to terrorist groups. Moreover, our efforts have
damaged terrorist networks and disrupted terrorist plots across
- In Portland, where six have
been charged with providing material support to terrorists.
- In Buffalo, where we arrested
seven al-Qaeda associates and sympathizers indicted in September
2002 for providing material support to terrorism.
- In Seattle, where Earnest James
Ujaama (aka Bilal Ahmed) has been charged with conspiracy to
provide material support to terrorists and suspected of establishing
a terrorist training facility in Bly, Oregon.
- In Detroit, where four have
been charged with document fraud and providing material support
- In Chicago, where Global Relief
Foundation Director Enaam Arnaout has been charged with funneling
money to al-Qaeda.
- And in Florida, where three
US citizens were arrested for acquiring weapons and explosives
in a plot to blow up an Islamic Center in Pinellas County in
retaliation for Palestinian bombings in Israel.
Furthermore, we are successfully
disrupting the sources of terrorist financing, including freezing
$113 million from 62 organizations and conducting 70 investigations,
23 of which have resulted in convictions. Our investigations
have also made it more difficult for suspicious NGOs to raise
money and continue their operations. Donors are thinking twice
about where they send their moneysome questioning the integrity
of the organization they are supporting and others fearful of
being linked to an organization that may be under FBI scrutiny.
- Our financial disruption operations
also include an international dimension. For example, the FBI
was instrumental in providing information that resulted in the
apprehension of a major money launderer for al-Qaeda and the
Taliban. Since the arrest, the subject's hawala network has
been disrupted and dismantled in the UAE and in Pakistan, in
part due to the efforts of the FBI.
Despite these successes, the
nature of the terrorist threat facing our country today is complex.
International terrorists and their state sponsors have emerged
as the primary threat to our security after decades in which
the activities of domestic terrorist groups were a more imminent
- Our investigations since the
1993 World Trade Center bombings and particularly since September
11 have revealed an extensive militant Islamic presence in the
US, as well as a number of groups that are capable of launching
terrorist attacks here.
- The al-Qaeda terrorist network
headed by Usama Bin Laden is clearly the most urgent threat to
US interests. The evidence linking al-Qaeda to the attacks of
September 11 is clear and irrefutable, and our investigation
of the events leading up to 9/11 has given rise to important
insights into terrorist tactics and tradecraft, which will prove
invaluable as we work to prevent the next attack.
There is no question that al-Qaeda
and other terrorist networks have proven adept at defending their
organizations from US and international law enforcement efforts.
As these terrorist organizations evolve and change their tactics,
we, too, must be prepared to evolve. Accordingly, the FBI is
undergoing momentous changesincluding the incorporation
of a more robust intelligence functionthat will allow us
to meet the terrorist threat head-on. I will briefly outline
these changes, but first, Mr. Chairman, I will spend some time
discussing the nature of the terrorist threat facing this country.
THE NATURE OF THE THREAT
The al-Qaeda network will remain
for the foreseeable future the most immediate and serious threat
facing this country. Al-Qaeda is the most lethal of the groups
associated with the Sunni jihadist cause, but it does not operate
in a vacuum; many of the groups committed to international jihadincluding
the Egyptian al-Gama'at al-Islamiyya, Lebanese Asbat al-Ansar,
Somali al-Ittihad al-Islami, and Algerian Salafist Group for
Call and Combat (GSPC)offer al-Qaeda varying degrees of
- FBI investigations have revealed
a widespread militant Islamic presence in the US.
- We strongly suspect that several
hundred of these extremists are linked to al-Qaeda.
- The focus of their activities
centers primarily on fundraising, recruitment, and training.
Their support structure, however, is sufficiently well-developed
that one or more groups could be ramped up by al-Qaeda to carry
out operations in the US homeland.
Despite the progress the US has
made in disrupting the al-Qaeda network overseas and within our
own country, the organization maintains the ability and the intent
to inflict significant casualties in the US with little warning.
- The greatest threat is from
al-Qaeda cells in the US that we have not yet identified. The
challenge of finding and rooting out al-Qaeda members once they
have entered the US and have had time to establish themselves
is our most serious intelligence and law enforcement challenge.
- In addition, the threat from
single individuals sympathetic or affiliated with al-Qaeda, acting
without external support or surrounding conspiracies, is increasing,
in part because of heightened publicity surrounding recent events
such as the October 2002 Washington metropolitan area sniper
shootings and the anthrax letter attacks.
Our investigations suggest that
al-Qaeda has developed a support infrastructure inside the US
that would allow the network to mount another terrorist attack
on US soil. Such an attack may rely on local individuals or
use these local assets as support elements for teams arriving
from outside the US. The al-Qaeda-affiliated group we arrested
in Lackawanna, New York is one example of the type of support
available to the al-Qaeda network. These US citizens received
military training in an al-Qaeda training camp in Afghanistan.
- Many of the US-based cells are
relatively recent additions to the al-Qaeda network, leaving
open the possibility that more established networks that significantly
pre-date the September 11 attacks have been successful in evading
- Besides funding and recruiting
opportunities, the US offers al-Qaeda a unique platform to research
and acquire sophisticated capabilities in new technologies, particularly
in the areas of WMD and communications.
Al-Qaeda appears to be enhancing
its support infrastructure in the US by boosting recruitment
efforts. Al-Qaeda no doubt recognizes the operational advantage
it can derive from recruiting US citizens who are much less likely
to come to the attention of law enforcement and who also may
be better able to invoke constitutional protections that can
slow or limit investigative efforts. Al-Qaeda's successful attacks
on September 11 suggest the organization could employ similar
operational strategies in carrying out any future attack in the
US, including cell members avoiding drawing attention to themselves
and minimizing contact with militant Islamic groups in the US.
They will also maintain strict operational and communications
We must not assume, however,
that al-Qaeda will rely only on tried and true methods of attack.
As attractive as a large-scale attack that produced mass casualties
would be for al-Qaeda and as important as such an attack is to
its credibility among its supporters and sympathizers, target
vulnerability and the likelihood of success are increasingly
important to the weakened organization. Indeed, the types of
recent, smaller-scale operations al-Qaeda has directed and aided
against a wide array of Western targetssuch as in Mombassa,
Bali, and Kuwait and against the French oil tanker off Yemencould
readily be reproduced in the US.
- Multiple small-scale attacks
against soft targetssuch as banks, shopping malls, supermarkets,
apartment buildings, schools and universities, churches, and
places of recreation and entertainmentwould be easier to
execute and would minimize the need to communicate with the central
leadership, lowering the risks of detection.
- Poisoning food and water supplies
also may be an attractive tactic in the future. Although technologically
challenging, a successful attempt might cause thousands of casualties,
sow fear among the US population, and undermine public confidence
in the food and water supply.
- Cyberterrorism is also clearly
an emerging threat. Terrorist groups are increasingly computer
savvy, and some probably are acquiring the ability to use cyber
attacks to inflict isolated and brief disruptions of US infrastructure.
Due to the prevalence of publicly available hacker tools, many
of these groups probably already have the capability to launch
denial-of-service and other nuisance attacks against Internet-connected
systems. As terrorists become more computer savvy, their attack
options will only increase.
My greatest concern, Mr. Chairman,
is that our enemies are trying to acquire dangerous new capabilities
with which to harm Americans. Terrorists worldwide have ready
access to information on chemical, biological, radiological,
and nuclearor CBRNweapons via the Internet. Acquisition
of such weapons would be a huge morale boost for those seeking
our destruction, while engendering widespread fear among Americans
and our allies.
- We know from training manuals
and tapes that prior to September 11 al-Qaeda was working on
using botulinum toxin, cyanide gas, and other poisons, such as
ricin. We are concerned that, like the individuals in the United
Kingdom believed to be developing poisons for terrorist uses,
al-Qaeda-affiliated groups may attempt to set up similar operations
here in the US.
- The development of a Radiological
Dispersion Deviceor so-called, "dirty bomb"is
made all the easier due to the availability of small amounts
of radioactive material on the open market. Furthermore, a crude
dirty bomb requires minimal expertise to build.
As we think about where the next
attack might come, al-Qaeda will probably continue to favor spectacular
attacks that meet several criteria: high symbolic value, mass
casualties, severe damage to the US economy, and maximum psychological
trauma. Based on al-Qaeda's previous pattern, the organization
may attempt to destroy objectives it has targeted in the past.
On the basis of these criteria, we judge that al-Qaeda's highest
priority targets are high-profile government or private facilities,
commercial airliners, famous landmarks, and critical infrastructure
such as energy-production facilities and transportation nodes.
Mr. Chairman, you no doubt are
familiar with reports from a few months ago that highlighted
possible attacks against symbols of US economic power. We believe
such targets are high on al-Qaeda's list because of the economic
disruption such attacks would cause.
- Attacks against high tech businesses
would cripple information technology and jeopardize thousands
- The financial sector now depends
on telecommunications for most of its transactions. Disruption
of critical telecommunications nodeseither physically or
through cyber meanswould create severe hardships until
services could be restored. Failures caused intentionally could
persist for longer durations, creating difficult repairs and
recovery, and intensifying uncertainty and economic losses.
Al-Qaeda is also eyeing transportation
and energy infrastructuresthe destruction of which could
cripple the US economy, create fear and panic, and cause mass
- I worry, in particular, about
the US rail system's myriad vulnerabilities. As the Tokyo subway
attack in 1995 by Aum Shinrikyo demonstrated, signs of terrorist
planning to attack rail assets are difficult to detect because
of the relative ease with which terrorists' can surveil railway
and subway facilities.
- Since the September 11 attacks,
there have been a variety of threats suggesting that US energy
facilities are being targeted for terrorist attacks. Although
the information often is fragmentary and offers little insight
into the timing and mode of an attack, the October 2002 operation
against the French supertanker Limburg suggests that al-Qaeda
is serious about hitting the energy sector and its support structure.
- Al-Qaeda appears to believe
that an attack on oil and gas structures could do great damage
to the US economy. The size of major petroleum processing facilities
makes them a challenge to secure, but they are also difficult
targets given their redundant equipment, robust construction,
and inherent design to control accidental explosions.
- Terrorist planners probably
perceive infrastructure such as dams and powerlines as having
softer defenses than other facilities. Indeed, attacking them
could cause major water and energy shortages, drive up transportation
costs, and undermine public confidence in the government.
Be assured, Mr. Chairman, that
our focus on al-Qaeda and ideologically similar groups has not
diverted our intelligence and investigative efforts from the
potential threats from groups like HAMAS and Lebanese Hizballah.
Both of these groups have significant US-based infrastructure
that gives them the capability to launch terrorist attacks inside
the US. At the moment, neither group appears to have sufficient
incentive to abandon their current fundraising and recruitment
activities in the US in favor of violence.
- Nonetheless, HAMAS or Lebanese
Hizballah could in short order develop the capability to launch
attacks should international developments or other circumstances
prompt them to undertake such actions.
Mr. Chairman, although the most
serious terrorist threat is from non-state actors, we remain
vigilant against the potential threat posed by state sponsors
of terrorism. The seven countries designated as State Sponsors
of TerrorismIran, Iraq, Syria, Sudan, Libya, Cuba, and
North Korearemain active in the US and continue to support
terrorist groups that have targeted Americans.
Although Iran remains a significant
concern for its continued financial and logistical support of
terrorism, Iraq has moved to the top of my list. As we previously
briefed this Committee, Iraq's WMD program poses a clear threat
to our national security, a threat that will certainly increase
in the event of future military action against Iraq. Baghdad
has the capability and, we presume, the will to use biological,
chemical, or radiological weapons against US domestic targets
in the event of a US invasion. We are also concerned about terrorist
organizations with direct ties to Iraqsuch as the Iranian
dissident group, Mujahidin-e Khalq, and the Palestinian Abu Nidal
- Groups like the Abu Nidal Organization
may target US entities overseas but probably lack the military
infrastructure to conduct organized terrorist attacks on US soil.
A notable exception is the Mujahedin-e Khalq, which has a US
presence and proven operational capability overseas and which
cooperates with Baghdad.
- Secretary Powell presented evidence
last week that Baghdad has failed to disarm its weapons of mass
destruction, willfully attempting to evade and deceive the international
community. Our particular concern is that Saddam may supply
al-Qaeda with biological, chemical, or radiological material
before or during a war with the US to avenge the fall of his
regime. Although divergent political goals limit al-Qaeda's
cooperation with Iraq, northern Iraq has emerged as an increasingly
important operational base for al-Qaeda associates, and a US-Iraq
war could prompt Baghdad to more directly engage al-Qaeda.
Mr. Chairman, let me wrap up
my discussion of the nature of the terrorist threat to the US
by speaking briefly about domestic terrorism. The events of
September 11 have rightly shifted our focus to international
terrorist groups operating inside the US but not to the exclusion
of domestic groups that threaten the safety of Americans. As
defined by the Patriot Act, domestic terrorism encompasses dangerous
activities within the territorial jurisdiction of the United
States that violate US criminal laws and appear to be intended
to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, to influence the
policy of a government, or affect the conduct of a government
by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping. Domestic
terrorists have committed the vast majority of terrorist attacks
against the continental US.
- In fact, between 1980 and 2001,
the FBI recorded 353 incidents or suspected incidents of terrorism
in this country; 264 of these incidents were attributed to domestic
terrorists, while 89 were determined to be international in nature.
- I am particularly concerned
about loosely affiliated terrorists and lone offenders, which
are inherently difficult to interdict given the anonymity of
individuals that maintain limited or no links to established
terrorist groups but act out of sympathy with a larger cause.
We should not forget the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, for
example, which was carried out by individuals unaffiliated with
a larger group.
The threat of domestic terrorists
launching large-scale attacks that inflict mass casualties is
low compared with that of international terrorist groups. This
is due, in part, to longstanding law enforcement efforts against
many of these groups. Here are just a few examples:
- Between 1999 and 2001 the FBI
prevented 10 possible domestic terrorist incidents, including
two potentially large-scale, high-casualty attacks by right-wing
groups and the planned bombing of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline in
- And in June 2002, we arrested
Pennsylvania Citizens Militia's self-proclaimed leader for planning
to bomb the local FBI office in State College, Pennsylvania.
ADAPTING TO MEET THE EVOLVING
Mr. Chairman, let me spend some
time, now, outlining specific steps the FBI is taking to enhance
our ability to combat the vital threats to the United States
that I have just shared with the Committee. We have dedicated
ourselves to learning the lesson of the 9/11 attacks perpetrated
by al-Qaeda and to using that knowledge to root out terrorist
networks of all types in the United States.
To effectively wage this war
against terror, we have augmented our counterterrorism resources
and are making organizational enhancements to focus our priorities.
To give new focus to analysis, last year I created an Analysis
Branch in the Counterterrorism Division and assigned it the mission
of producing strategic assessments of the terrorism threat to
the United States. To date, the Analysis Branch has produced
nearly 30 in-depth analytical assessments, including the FBI's
first comprehensive assessment of the terrorist threat to the
homeland. In addition, our analysts have produced more than
200 articles for the FBI Presidential Report, a product we created
for the President and senior White House officials.
- On top of the huge resource
commitment to counterterrorism we made between 1993 and 2001,
we have received additional resources from the Congress, as well
as shifted internal resources to increase our total staffing
levels for counterterrorism since 9/11 by 36 percent. Much of
this increase has gone toward augmenting our analytic cadre.
We are funded for 226 intelligence analysts (strategic and tactical)
at FBIHQ and 125 analytical personnel in the field.
- We have implemented a number
of initiatives aimed at enhancing training for our analytic workforce,
including creating the College of Analytical Studies, which,
in conjunction with the CIA, will begin training our new intelligence
analysts this month.
- We also created a corps of reports
officers -- an entirely new and desperately needed function for
the FBI. These officers will be responsible for identifying,
extracting, and collecting intelligence from FBI investigations
and sharing that information throughout the FBI and to other
law enforcement and intelligence entities.
I have taken a number of other
actions I believe will make the FBI a more flexible, more responsive
agency in our war against terrorism:
- To improve our system for threat
warnings, we have established a number of specialized counterterrorism
units. These include a Threat Monitoring Unit, which, among
other things, works hand-in-hand with its CIA counterpart to
produce a daily threat matrix; a 24-hour Counterterrorism Watch
to serve as the FBI's focal point for all incoming terrorist
threats; two separate units to analyze terrorist communications
and special technologies and applications; a section devoted
entirely to terrorist financing operations; a unit to manage
document exploitation; and others.
- To prevent terrorists from acquiring
weapons of mass destruction, we have undertaken a number of initiatives.
We are coordinating with suppliers and manufacturers of WMD
materials in an effort to help them voluntarily report any suspicious
purchases or inquiries.
- To protect US citizens abroad,
we have expanded our Legal Attache and Liaison presence around
the world to 46 offices. Our presence has enhanced the FBI's
ability to bring investigative resources to bear quickly in the
aftermath of terrorist acts, such as the October 2002 shooting
of USAID officer Laurence Foley in Amman and bombing of a disco
in Bali. We also assist foreign liaison in following up terrorist
leads around the world.
- And to strengthen our cooperation
with state and local law enforcement, we are introducing counterterrorism
training on a national level. We will provide specialized counterterrorism
training to 224 agents and training technicians from every field
division in the country so that they, in turn, can train an estimated
26,800 federal, state, and local law enforcement officers this
year in basic counterterrorism.
The counterterrorism measures
I have just described essentially complete the first phase of
our intelligence program. We are now beginning the second phase
that will focus on expanding and enhancing our ability to collect,
analyze, and disseminate intelligence.
- The centerpiece of this effort
is the establishment of an Executive Assistant Director for Intelligence
who will have direct authority and responsibility for the FBI=s
national intelligence program. Specifically, the EAD/I will
be responsible for ensuring that the FBI has the optimum strategies,
structure, and policies in place first and foremost for our counterterrorism
mission. The EAD/I will also oversee the intelligence programs
for our counterintelligence, criminal, and cyber divisions.
- Furthermore, intelligence units
will be established in every field office and will function under
the authority of the EAD/I.
If we are to defeat terrorists
and their supporters, a wide range of organizations must work
together. I am committed to the closest possible cooperation
with the Intelligence Community and other government agencies.
Accordingly, I strongly support the President's initiative to
establish a Terrorist Threat Integration Center (TTIC) that will
merge and analyze terrorist-related information collected domestically
and abroad. This initiative will be crucially important to the
success of our mission in the FBI, and it will take us to the
next level in being able to prevent another terrorist attack
on our nation.
- The FBI is playing a major role
as part of the multi-agency team now working on the details,
design, resource requirements and implementation process for
standing up the TTIC. We will be major participants in the Center.
- We are taking steps to enhance
cooperation with federal, state, and local agencies by expanding
the number of joint terrorism task forces (JTTFs) from a pre
9/11 number of 35 to 66 today. The JTTFs partner FBI personnel
with hundreds of investigators from various federal, state, and
local agencies in field offices across the country and are important
force multipliers aiding our fight against terrorism. Furthermore,
over a 90-day period beginning in March, we will provide 500
JTTF agents and state, and local law enforcement personnel with
specialized counterterrorism training and, by the end of the
year, basic counterterrorism training to every JTTF member.
This is in addition to the training initiative I mentioned previously
that will reach nearly 27,000 federal, state, and local law enforcement.
- We also have undertaken the
Joint Terrorism Task Force Information Sharing Initiative (JTTF
ISI) involving field offices in St. Louis, San Diego, Seattle,
Portland, Norfolk, and Baltimore. This pilot project, which
was first initiated in the St. Louis office, will integrate extremely
flexible search tools that will permit investigators and analysts
to perform searches on the "full text" of investigative
filesnot just indices. An analyst or investigator will
be able to smoothly transition from searching text, to reviewing
results, to examining source documents, to developing link diagrams,
to generating map displays. In order to insure proper security,
four graduated levels of security access are being built into
- We created the Office of Law
Enforcement Coordination (OLEC) to enhance the ability of the
FBI to forge cooperation and substantive relationships with all
of our state and local law enforcement counterparts. The OLEC,
which is run by a former Chief of Police, also has liaison responsibilities
with the White House Office of Homeland Security.
- We established the FBI Intelligence
Bulletin, which is disseminated weekly to over 17,000 law enforcement
agencies and to 60 federal agencies. The bulletin provides information
about terrorism issues and threats to patrol officers and other
local law enforcement personnel who have direct daily contacts
with the general public, contacts which could result in the discovery
of critical information about those issues and threats.
- In July 2002, we established
the National Joint Terrorism Task Force (NJTTF) at FBI Headquarters,
staffed by representatives from 30 different federal, state,
and local agencies. The NJTTF acts as a "point of fusion"
for terrorism information by coordinating the flow of information
between Headquarters and the other JTTFs located across the country
and between the agencies represented on the NJTTF and other government
- Furthermore, FBI analysts are
making unprecedented efforts to reach out to the intelligence,
law enforcement, government, and public sector communities.
In addition to enhancing our relationships with agencies related
to WMD, as I mentioned previously, we have established working
relationships with a host of non-traditional agencies, including
the Army Corps of Engineers and Bureau of Land Reclamation.
We have also expanded our relationship with such groups as the
Transportation Security Administration and the US Coast Guard.
THE FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE THREAT
Mr. Chairman, although the bulk
of my statements today have focused on the terrorist threats
facing this country, let me emphasize that we are not ignoring
the serious threat from foreign intelligence services and their
assets, who are dedicated to using any means necessary to obtain
strategic information from the United States. Accordingly, I
would like to take a few moments to lay out the FBI's five strategic
objectives for the Counterintelligence program.
- Of all the threats facing the
United States today, the most significant is the potential for
an agent of any hostile group or nation to enhance the capability
to produce or use weapons of mass destruction. This specifically
applies to hot spots throughout the world in which the US has
significant national security interests and to which worldwide
de-stabilization could result. The FBI's FCI program considers
this threat as the top counterintelligence priority and is focused
on preventing the acquisition of WMD-related technologies from
being openly or clandestinely transferred from the US Government
or the private sector to any foreign power.
- It is critically important to
the US Intelligence Community to demonstrate its ongoing vigilance
by ensuring that its own house is in order. In this regard,
the second strategic priority of the FBI's counterintelligence
strategy is to implement a program that is designed to prevent
any foreign power from penetrating any of the US Intelligence
Community agencies in any manner. In the wake of the unfortunate
experiences of the past few years, we are working closely with
our counterintelligence partners to significantly enhance the
ability of agencies to protect their own information, while the
participating Intelligence Community ensures that penetrations
do not occur.
- The government currently supports
research and development in a large number of agencies, in a
great many locations, many of which involve the use of thousands
of government contractors. The FBI has the responsibility to
assess the threat against those projects and to initiate operations
that are directed at countering the threat. US Government entities,
primarily the Departments of Energy and Defense, constitute the
primary focus of the FBI's activity in this area. The individuals
awarded research and development contracts in support of ongoing
operations and war-making capabilities constitute the highest
- The FBI's fourth counterintelligence
strategic objective is to prevent the compromise of Critical
National Assets (CNAs). The nation's CNAs are those persons,
information, assets, activity, R&D technology, infrastructure,
economic security or interests whose compromise will damage the
survival of the United States. CNAs are likely to reside within
the US military, economy, and government as this triad is the
base of power that makes the United States the superpower that
it is today. The FBI has a major role in identifying the threat
against these assets and assessing their overall vulnerability.
- The FBI's FCI program is responsible
for conducting counterintelligence operations, focusing on countries
that constitute the most significant threat to the United States'
strategic objectives. The FBI is applying its efforts towards
a greater understanding of the threat posed by each of these
countries as they pertain to information that would further terrorism,
espionage, proliferation, economic espionage, the national information
infrastructure, US Government perception management, and foreign
Let me conclude by saying that
the nature of the threat facing the US homeland continues to
evolve. The FBI is tackling this threat head-on. In order to
successfully continue to do so, we, as an organization, must
be flexible enough to adapt our mission and our resources to
stay one step ahead of our enemies. Mr. Chairman and members
of the Committee, I can assure this Committee and the American
people that the men and women of the FBI recognize the need to
adapt and are, in fact, transforming the FBI into a world-class
I thank you for your attention
and look forward to your questions.