[Back] [Index] [Next]

Operation Desert Storm:
Evaluation of the Air Campaign
(Letter Report, 06/12/97, GAO/NSIAD-97-134)


GLOSSARY


=========================================================== Appendix 0


      AIMPOINT
------------------------------------------------------- Appendix 0:0.1

Desired location of bomb impact on target. 


      AIR SUPERIORITY
------------------------------------------------------- Appendix 0:0.2

The degree of dominance in the air battle of one force over another,
which permits operations by the former and its related land, sea, and
air forces at a given time and place without prohibitive interference
by the opposing force. 


      AIR SUPREMACY
------------------------------------------------------- Appendix 0:0.3

The degree of air superiority wherein the opposing force is incapable
of effective interference. 


      BATTLE DAMAGE ASSESSMENT
------------------------------------------------------- Appendix 0:0.4

An analysis of the damage inflicted on a target from a bombing or
missile strike. 


      BLACK HOLE
------------------------------------------------------- Appendix 0:0.5

The Special Planning Group established by Gen.  Glosson in Riyadh
during Desert Shield to design the air campaign. 


      BREACH
------------------------------------------------------- Appendix 0:0.6

To create a break or opening in a line of defenses. 


      CENTER OF GRAVITY
------------------------------------------------------- Appendix 0:0.7

The economic, military, and political pillars of an existing regime. 


      EFFECTIVENESS
------------------------------------------------------- Appendix 0:0.8

The level of functional damage achieved for a given munition or
strike. 


      FULLY SUCCESSFUL
------------------------------------------------------- Appendix 0:0.9

A bomb damage assessment determination that the target objective was
achieved and a restrike was unnecessary. 


      IMAGERY
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.10

Intelligence derived from visual photography, infrared sensors,
lasers, electro-optical systems, and radar sensors such as synthetic
aperture radar. 


      KARI
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.11

A French-design computer network for Iraq's air defense components. 
(KARI is Iraq spelled backward in French.)


      KILL BOX
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.12

A 30-mile by 30-mile geographic designation within the Kuwait theater
of operations in which autonomous strike operations were conducted. 


      LASER-GUIDED BOMB
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.13

A bomb that uses a seeker to detect laser energy reflected from a
target and, through signal processing, guides itself to the point
from which the laser energy is being reflected. 


      LINES OF COMMUNICATION
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.14

Land, water, or air route that connects an operating military force
with a base of operations and along which supplies and military
forces move. 


      MUNITION
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.15

Explosive projectiles (such as missiles) or items (such as bombs)
with a fuse. 


      NOT FULLY SUCCESSFUL
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.16

A bomb damage assessment determination where the target objective was
not achieved and a restrike was necessary. 


      OPERATION ORDER
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.17

A directive, usually formal, issued by a commander to subordinate
commanders to effect the coordinated execution of an operation. 


      OPERATION PLAN
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.18

A plan for a single or series of connected operations to be carried
out simultaneously or in succession. 


      PLATFORM
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.19

An aircraft or missile that delivers a munition to a target. 


      SORTIE
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.20

One flight by one aircraft. 


      STRATEGIC TARGET
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.21

A target integral to the source of an enemy's military, economic, or
political power. 


      STRIKE
------------------------------------------------------ Appendix 0:0.22

The delivery of munitions on one target by one platform during one
sortie.