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Military Medical History



Military medicine refers to the science and art of medicine as used for the benefit of the military. It closely resembles many aspects of civilian health care, but has several differences. In combat situations, for example, military medicine incorporates the philosophy of the greatest good for the greatest number. Treatment of casualties with massive life-threatening injuries with little hope of survival may be delayed in order to treat casualties with lesser injuries. Also a casualty may receive emergency treatment at a battalion aid station and be evacuated to another facility for additional treatment in order to free the medical personnel at the battalion aid station to treat additional casualties.

It is recommended that you read Appendix A, "Military History: Is It Still Practicable?" by Jay Luvaas before beginning the first subcourse lesson.

Subcourse Components:
This subcourse consists of three lessons and an examination. The lessons are:
   Lesson 1, Military Medicine Through the Eighteenth Century.
   Lesson 2, Military Medicine During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries.
   Lesson 3, Military Medicine During the Twentieth Century.

Credit Awarded:
   Upon successful completion of this subcourse, registered users will be awarded five credit hours. You must receive a score of 70 percent or higher on the examination in order to successfully complete this subcourse.

Materials Furnished:
   Materials provided upon approval of registration include this electronic booklet, an examination answer sheet, and an envelope.Answer sheets are not provided for lesson exercises. All lesson exercises and solutions are contained in this subcourse booklet.
   You must furnish a #2 lead pencil to be used in marking the examination answer sheet.

Procedures for Subcourse Completion:
   You are encouraged to complete the subcourse lessons in the order they are presented. When you have completed all of the lessons to your satisfaction, complete the examination sheet and mail it to:
Nonresident Instruction Branch
United States Army Medical Department Center & School
Fort Sam Houston, Texas, 78234

You may include the Student Comment Sheet (if desired) in the envelope provided. Be sure your name, rank, social security number, and return address are on all correspondence. You will be notified by return mail of the examination results. Your grade on the examination will be your rating for the subcourse.

Study Suggestions:
Here are some suggestions that may be helpful to you in completing this subcourse.
   --Read and study each lesson carefully.
   --Complete the first subcourse lesson. After studying the text portion of the lesson, work the exercises at the end of the lesson. Record your answers to the exercises on paper.
   --After completing the lesson exercises, compare your answers with those in the "Solutions to Exercises" following the exercises. For each exercise answered incorrectly, reread the text material cited after the solution to determine why your response was not the correct one.
   --After completing the first lesson and exercises, repeat the process for the following lessons.
   --Be sure to read the materials included in the appendixes. This material can be read before, during, or after the lessons. Read the appendixes before taking the examination since the answers to some of the examination items will be found in these materials.
   --When you have completed all of the lessons and appendixes, complete the examination. You may print the examination (click the printer icon and when prompted, select pages and enter the first to last page number of the examination). Mark your responses on your printed copy of the examination. When you are satisfied that you have answered all of the examination items to the best of your ability, transfer your responses to the examination answer sheet. Then mail the examination answer sheet and Student Comment Sheet (if completed) to the Nonresident Instruction Branch.

Student Comment Sheet:
   Provide us with your suggestions and criticisms by filling out the Student Comment Sheet found at the back of this booklet and returning it with your examination answer sheet. In this way, you will help us to improve the quality of this subcourse. Please review the comment sheet before beginning this subcourse. (NOTE: If you need a reply to an inquiry, call or write a separate letter. Use the Student Comment Sheet only for remarks which do not require a reply.) You may additionally correspond with The Nonresident Instruction Branch through email.

Select the appropriate icon to begin or continue your course.

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Appendix A

Appendix B

Appendix C