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Somalia Operations:   Lessons Learned


This study reflects in large measure the active sponsorship and encouragement of Major General Stephen Silvasy, Jr., USA, Director for Operational Plans & Interoperability (J-7) of the Joint Staff. Grateful thanks are extended to him and his staff.

At National Defense University, similar thanks are due to the Director of the Institute for National Strategic Studies (INSS), Dr. Hans Binnendijk, and Major General John Sewall, USA (Ret.) for their leadership and support for this project. Lieutenant Colonel Susan Flores, USMC, and Dr. William Lewis, both of INSS, provided indispensable help by their hard work throughout the project as well as by their many helpful suggestions as the drafts took shape. Dr. Fred Kiley, Director of the National Defense University Press, and his colleague Mr. George Maerz managed all aspects of the publication process with characteristic professionalism. Mr. Don Barry, Mr. Alex Contreras, Ms. Rhonda Gross, and Mr. Juan Medrano of the NDU Graphics Department brought their unique talents to the design of the cover and the illustrations contained in this publication. Ms. Theresa Chapman of the NDU Library and Mr. Jim Peters of JFQ provided helpful bibliographic and technical support.

Special thanks are also due to the following people who reviewed the draft and provided many helpful suggestions: Ambassador Robert Oakley; Lieutenant General Robert B. Johnston, USMC; Lieutenant General Thomas M. Montgomery, USA; Lieutenant General Anthony C. Zinni, USMC; Major General Frank Libutti, USMC; Colonel Carl Farris, Lieutenant Colonel Sam Butler and Professor Kenneth Menkhaus of the U.S. Army Peacekeeping Institute; Colonel F.M. Lorenz, USMC; Colonel Gary Anderson, USMC; Colonel Thomas Leney, USA; Colonel Robert Killebrew, USA; and Lieutenant Colonel(P) Eric T. Olson, USA. Additionally, Mr. Bill Dawson of the U.S. Central Command and Ms. Joani Schaefer of the U.S. Transportation Command provided many useful insights into the key roles played by their respective organizations during the Somalia operations.

While sincere thanks are due all these people, errors of fact and interpretation are, of course, the sole responsibility of the author.

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