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allard.jpg.jpg (53018 bytes)National Defense University Press Publications

To increase general knowledge and inform discussion, the Institute for National Strategic Studies, through its publication arm the NDU Press, publishes McNair Papers; proceedings of University- and Institute-sponsored symposia; books relating to U.S. national security, especially to issues of joint, combined, or coalition warfare, peacekeeping operations, and national strategy; and a variety of briefer works designed to circulate contemporary comment and offer alternatives to current policy. The Press occasionally publishes out-of-print defense classics, historical works, and other especially timely or distinguished writing on national security.

Opinions, conclusions, and recommendations expressed or implied within are solely those of the authors, and do not necessarily represent the views of the National Defense University, the Department of Defense, or any other U.S. Government agency. Cleared for public release: distribution unlimited.

Portions of this book may be quoted or reprinted without permission, provided that a standard source credit line is included. NDU Press would appreciate a courtesy copy of reprints or reviews.

NDU Press publications are sold by the U.S. Government Printing Office. For ordering information, call (202) 512-1800, or write to the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.


First printing, January 1995


For sale by the U.S. Government Printing Office
Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP
Washington, DC 20402-9328
ISBN 0-16-045577-4


 Dedication

This book is respectfully dedicated to the memories of Master Sergeant Gary I. Gordon and Sergeant First Class Randall D. Shughart, United States Army, who were killed in action on October 3, 1993 in Mogadishu, Somalia. For "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty" while defending their embattled Task Force Ranger comrades, these soldiers were posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor on May 23, 1994.

Greater love hath no man than this,
that a man lay down his life for his friends.

John 15:13


  Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Preface

I. THE OPERATIONAL CONTEXT

The U.N. and Peace Operations
Joint Doctrine
The Effects of the Operational Environment
Situations and Missions

II. OPERATIONAL LESSONS LEARNED
        Planning

        Mandates and Missions
        Mission Analysis: Entry and Exit Strategies
        Multinational Conflicts
        Rules of Engagement
        Personnel Selection and Training
        Joint Planning

Deployment

Airlift
Sealift
Pre-positioned Shipping
Administrative Requirements
Conduct of Operations
Command and Control
Mission Execution
Civil-Military Operations
Negotiations
Intelligence

Support

            Communications and Interoperability
            In-Country Logistics
            Medical
            Media

III. CONCLUSIONS

Appendix A: Selected Bibliography

Appendix B: Humanitarian Relief Organizations Active in Somalia

Appendix C: Missions and Tasks of the UNITAF Civil-Military Operations Center (CMOC)

About the Author