Complexity And Chaos: A Working Bibliography

School of Information Warfare and Strategy
National Defense University
Washington, D.C.


Anderson, Philip W., Kenneth J. Arrow, and David Pines, eds. The Economy as an Evolving Complex System. Redwood City, CA: Addison-Wesley, 1988.

Arthur, Brian W. Increasing Returns and Path Dependence in the Economy. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994.

Ashby, Ross W. An Introduction to Cybernetics. London: Chapman & Hall, 1965.

Athens, Arthur. Unraveling the Mystery of Battlefield Coup d’ Oeil. Ft. Leavenworth, KS: School of Advanced Military Studies, Army Command and General Staff College, 1993.

Analyzes the current theories of intuitive decision-making from the fields of psychology, political science, cognitive science and management science, and concludes that the military should adopt an aggressive plan for educating its ranks in intuitive decision-making.

Atkins, P. W. The 2nd Law: Energy, Chaos, and Form. New York: Scientific American Books, 1994.

"All natural change is subject to one law. It’s the second law of thermodynamics. In this volume, the acclaimed chemist and science writer P. W. Atkins shows how this single, simple principle of energy transformation accounts for all natural change...full of vivid examples, ideas, and images—but virtually no mathematics."

Axelrod, Robert. The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic Books, 1984.

Barker, Patrick K. Avoiding Technologically-Induced Delusions of Grandeur: Preparing the Air Force for an Information Warfare Environment. Institute for National Security Studies, U.S. Air Force Academy, 1 October 1996.

Barnsley, Michael F. Fractals Everywhere, 2nd Ed. Cambridge, MA.: Academic Press Professional, 1993.

Bassford, Christopher. Clausewitz In English: The Reception of Clausewitz in Britain and America 1815-1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

See Chapter 2 for Clausewitz as a non-linearist.

Beaumont, Roger. War, Chaos and History. Westport, CN: Praeger, 1994.

Beer, Stafford. Brain of the Firm: The Managerial Cybernetics of Organization. Chichester, NY: J. Wiley, 1981.

Behe, Michael. Darwin’s Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution. New York: Free Press, 1996.

"The result of biochemical investigation of cellular mechanisms, according to Behe, "is a loud, clear, piercing cry of ‘Design!’" (See Johnson, Philip E; and Pearcey, Nancy; for book reviews.)

Bjorkman, Eileen, et al. "Chaos Primer," in Air Campaign Course 1993: Research Projects, edited by Richard Muller, Larry Weaver, and Albert Mitchum. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air Command and Staff College, 1993.

Bohm, David. Wholeness and Implicate Order. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1980.

The universe must be fundamentally indivisible, a "flowing wholeness" in which the observer cannot be essentially separated from the observed.

Boyd, John R. "A Discourse on Winning and Losing," Unpublished briefing and essays, Air University Library, Document no. MU 43947, August 19897.

Boyd, John R. "Destruction and Creation." Unpublished paper. September 3, 1976.

Brillouin, Leon. Science and Information Theory. Academic Press, 1956.

Briggs, John and F. David Peat. Turbulent Mirror. New York: Harper & Row, 1989.

A very good introduction to nonlinear dynamics.

Campbell, D., R.E. Ecke and J.M. Hyman, eds. Nonlinear Science: The Next Decade. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992.

Capra, Fritjof. The Turning Point: Science, Society, and the Rising Culture. New York: Bantam Books, 1983.

"A compelling vision of a new reality. A reconciliation of science and the human spirit for a future that will work."

Casti, John L. Complexification: Explaining a Paradoxical World Through the Science of Surprise. New York: Harper Collins, 1994.

"Explores several types of phenomena, including the catastrophic, the chaotic, the paradoxical, the irreducible, and the emergent, and shows how these phenomena, the arts, nature, the economy, and everyday life." See McKergow, Mark for book review.

Cohen, Jack and Ian Stewart. The Collapse of Chaos. New York: Penguin Books, 1994.

See Shepard, Harvey for book review.

Coveney, Peter and Roger Highfield. Frontiers of Complexity: The Search for Order in a Chaotic World. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1995.

See Horgan, John. "A Theory of Almost Everything," for book review. Also, Lloyd, Seth. "Complexity Simplified."

Cramer, F. Chaos and Order: The Complex Structure of Living Systems. New York: VCH Publishers, 1993.

"...I do this in the hope that I might help build a bridge between science and technology on the one side and philosophy and art on the other."

Davies, Paul. C. W., ed. The New Physics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Contains a number of survey articles on nonlinear dynamics and self-organization.

Davis, Lawrence, ed. Genetic Algorithms and Simulated Annealing: An Overview. Los Altos, CA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc., 1987.

Dawkins, Richard. Climbing Mount Improbable. New York, NY: Norton, 1996.

Another defense of Darwinism. (See Johnson, Phillip E. for book review.)

De Landa, Manuel. War in the Age of Intelligent Machines. New York: Zone Books, 1991.

A quirky, but arresting, analysis of the relationship between Chaos theory, technology and warfare.

Department of the Navy, U.S. Marine Corps. Warfighting, FMFM-1. Washington, D.C., 14 June 1993.

Department of the Navy, U.S. Marine Corps. Command and Control, MCDP-6. Washington, D.C., 4 October, 1996.

Dockery, John T. and A.E.R. Woodcock, editors. The Military Landscape: Mathematical Models of Combat. Cambridge, U.K.: Woodhead, 1993.

A mathematical treatise on the application of Catastrophe theory to combat command and control modeling.

Dorner, Dietrich. The Logic of Failure: Why Things Go Wrong and What We Can Do to Make Them Right. New York: Holt & Co., 1996.

"People court failure in predictable ways, and failure does not strike like a bolt from the blue; it develops gradually according to its own logic." See Piattelli-Palmarini, Massimo for book review.

Gell-Mann, Murray. The Quark and the Jaguar. New York: W.H. Freeman, 1994.

Fischer, Michael E. Mission-Type Orders in Joint Air Operations. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, May 1995.

Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Viking, 1987.

"A comprehensive introduction to the concepts of Chaos, yet popularized and written expressly for the nonmathematical laity."

Goldberg, David E. Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and Machine Learning. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1989.

Goodwin, Brian. How the Leopard Changed its Spots. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1994.

Gore, John. Chaos, Complexity, and the Military. Washington, DC: National War College, National Defense University, 1996.

"This paper briefly explains the key concepts behind chaos and complexity theory, looks at some of the efforts to apply them to military analysis, examines criticisms of these theories, and draws some implications from them for the military in the future."

Guastello, Stephen. Chaos, Catastrophe, and Human Affairs: Application of Nonlinear Dynamics to Work, Organizations, and Social Evolution. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1995.

Hayek, F.A. Law, Legislation and Liberty. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1982.

Hayek, F.A. Individualism and Economic Order. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1948.

Holland, John M. Hidden Order: How Adaptation Builds Complexity. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1995.

See Horgan, John. "A Theory of Almost Everything, "Lloyd, Seth, "Complexity Simplified," and Carey, John "Can the Complexity Gurus Explain It All?" for book reviews.

Horgan, John. The End of Science: Facing the Limits of Knowledge in the Twilight of the Scientific Age. Reading MA: Addison-Wesley, 1996.

See Kelly, Kevin; Johnson, Philip; and Park, Robert L. for book reviews.

James, Glenn E. Chaos Theory: The Essentials for Military Applications. Newport Paper No. 10. Newport, R.I.: Naval War College, October 1996.

A veritable textbook written for "the broad population of students attending the various war colleges."

Johnson, George. Fire in the Mind: Science, Faith and the Search for Order. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996.

See Lloyd, Seth, " Complexity Simplified" and Kepler, Tom for book reviews.

Kauffman, Stuart A. The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Kauffman, Stuart A. At Home in the Universe: The Search for Laws of Self-Organization. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

See Horgan, John. "A Theory of Almost Everything," Lloyd, Seth, "Complexity Simplified." and Carey, John "Can the Complexity Gurus Explain It All?" for book reviews.

Kellert, Stephen H. In the Wake of Chaos: Unpredictable Order in Dynamical Systems. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1993.

Kelly, Kevin. Out of Control: The Rise of Neo-Biological Civilization. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1994.

See Taylor, William C., Bennahum, David S., and McKergow, Mark for book reviews.

Kelly III, Patrick. "Modern Scientific Metaphors of Warfare: Updating the Doctrinal Paradigm." Monograph, School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, KS, Second Term Academic Year 1992-93 (DTIC AD-A264 366).

Kiel, L. Douglas. Managing Chaos and Complexity in Government. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., 1994.

Koenig, John A. A Commander’s Telescope for the 21st Century: Command and Nonlinear Science in Future War. Quantico, VA: Command and Staff College, Marine Corps University, 22 April 1996.

"While not directly related to each other, nonlinear theoretical understanding of the mind coincides with the advent of Naturalistic Decision Making. Together they provide useful insights into the basis of creativity and intuition in war that we can capitalize upon to educate future commanders."

Krasner, Saul, ed. The Ubiquity of Chaos. Washington, D.C.: American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1990.

Krugman, Paul. Peddling Prosperity. New York: W.W. Norton, 1994.

See Ch. 9: "The Economics of Qwerty," for thoughts on the economics of W. Brian Arthur.

Lam, Lui and Vladimir Naroditsky, eds. Modeling Complex Phenomena. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1992.

Langton, Christopher G., ed. Artificial Life. Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences Of Complexity. Proceedings vol. 6. Redwood City, CA: Addison-Wesley, 1989.

Langton, Christopher G., Charles Taylor, J. Doyne Farmer, and Steen Rasmussen, eds. Artificial Life II. Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences Of Complexity. Proceedings vol. 10. Redwood City, CA: Addison-Wesley, 1989.

Langton, Christopher G., ed. Artificial Life III. Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences Of Complexity. Proceedings vol.17. Redwood City, CA: Addison-Wesley, 1994.

Lederman, Leon. The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question? New York: Dell Publishing, 1993.

Levy, Steven. Artificial Life: The Quest for a New Creation. New York: Pantheon, 1992.

See Johnson, George. "After Chaos," for book review.

Lewin, Roger. Complexity: Life At the Edge of Chaos. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1992. See John-son, George. "After Chaos," for book review.

Lorenz, Edward N. The Essence of Chaos. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1993.

"Describes how the field of knowledge he partially invented has come to be a major component in our understanding of the world around us.

Mandelbrot, Benoit B. The Fractal Geometry of Nature. New York: W.H. Freeman & Co., 1983.

Mazarr, Michael J. The Revolution in Military Affairs: A Framework for Defense Planning. Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute, June 10, 1994.

Suggests a framework for defense planning built around four pillars: 1) information dominance, 2) synergy/jointness, 3) disengaged combat, and 4) the civilianization of war. Includes a discussion on Chaos theory underlying the difficulties in predicting an RMA, which is part of a larger sociopolitical transformation.

Mazlish, Bruce. The Fourth Discontinuity: The Co-Evolution of Humans and Machines. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

See Wagar, Warren W. for book review.

Merry, Uri. Coping With Uncertainty: Insights From the New Sciences of Chaos, Self-Organization and Complexity. Westport, CN: Praeger, 1995.

See Darley, Vince for book review.

Meystel, Alex. Semiotic Modeling and Situation Analysis: An Introduction. Bala Cynwyd, PA: AdRem, Inc, 1995.

Mueller, Theodore H. "Chaos Theory: The Mayaguez Crisis." U.S. Army War College, Military Studies Program, Carlisle Barracks, PA, March 15, 1990.

Williamson, Murray and Alan R. Millett. Military Innovation in the Interwar Period. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Nadel, Lynn and Daniel L. Stein, eds., "1992 Lectures in Complexity Systems." Lecture Vol. V, Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1993.

Nicolis, Gregoire and Ilya Prigogine. Exploring Complexity: An Introduction. New York: W.H. Freeman & Co., 1989.

Ott, Edward. Chaos in Dynamical Systems, 2nd Ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

"Provides an in-depth and broad look at chaos in dynamical systems."

Ott, Edward, Tim Sauer and James A. Yorke, eds. Coping with Chaos: Analysis of Chaotic Data and the Exploration of Chaotic Systems. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1994.

Pagels, Heinz. The Dreams of Reason: The Rise of the Sciences of Complexity. New York: Bantam, 1988.

See Lloyd, Seth, "Complexity Simplified," for book review.

Parker, D. and Ralph Stacey. " Chaos, Management and Economics: The Implications of Nonlinear Thinking." Hobart Papers 125, London: Institute of Economic Affairs, 1994.

Patton, Michael Quinn. Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1990.

See Chapter Three: Variety in Qualitative Inquiry: Theoretical Considerations: 64-91. Contains a section on using Chaos theory as an evaluative research approach.

Peak, David and Michael Frame. Chaos Under Control. New York: W.H. Freeman & Co., 1994.

"Demonstrates that the concepts and methods of analyzing fractals and chaos are not remote, theoretical brain teasers, but useful tools for understanding both the expected and unexpected dimensions of everyday experience."

Peitgen, H.O., H. Jurgens and D. Saupe. Chaos and Fractals: New Frontiers of Science. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1992.

"Covers the central ideas and concepts of chaos and fractals, as well as many related topics, including the Mandelbrot Set, Julia Sets, Cellular Automata, L-Systems, Percolation and Strange Attractors. "

Pentland, Pat A. Center of Gravity Analysis and Chaos Theory, or How Societies Form, Function, and Fail. Maxwell AFB, AL: School of Advanced Airpower Studies, AY 1993-94.

Perelson, Alan S., ed. Theoretical Immunology, Parts One and Two. Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences Of Complexity. Proceedings vols. 2 and 3. Redwood City, CA: Addison-Wesley, 1988.

Peters, Edgar E. Fractal Market Analysis: Applying Chaos Theory to Investment and Economics. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1994.

Pines, David, ed. Emerging Syntheses in Science. Redwood City, CA: Addison-Wesley, 1988.

Perrow, Charles. Normal Accidents: Living With High-Risk Technologies. New York: Basic Books, 1984.

Powers, Richard. Galatea 2.2. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1995

See Johnson, George for book review.

Prigonine, Ilya. From Being to Becoming. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman, 1980.

Priesmeyer, H. Richard. Organizations and Chaos: Defining the Methods of Nonlinear Management. New York: Quorum Books, 1992.

"His subtitle, Defining the Methods of Nonlinear Management, is very bold and sadly unjustified." There is little about organizations, and a lot about analyzing data. See McKergow for book review.

Rawlins, Gregory J. E., ed. Foundations of Genetic Algorithms. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1991.

Resnick, Michael. Turtles, Termites anf Traffic Jams. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1994.

See Jones, Terry for book review.

Rinaldi, Steven M. Beyond the Industrial Web: Economic Synergies and Targeting Methodologies. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, April 1995.

"First, economies are complex systems. We can employ complexity theory to understand economic infrastructures and their behaviors. Second, given the economies of complex systems, air planners must account for their dynamics when targeting them. Finally, the reductionist methodology followed in traditional economic targeting is invalid."

Rothschild, Michael. Bionomics: Economy as an Ecosystem. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1992.

Ruelle, David. Chance and Chaos. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Sarigul-Klijn, Martinus M. "Application of Chaos Methods to Helicopter Vibration Reduction Using Higher Harmonic Control." Ph.D. dissertation, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California: March 1990 (DTIC AD-A226 736).

Saul, John Ralston. Voltaire’s Bastards: The Dictatorship of Reason in the West. New York: The Free Press, 1992.

"The Canadian novelist and essayist would probably have felt more at home in the 18th century. But he would have steered the Enlightenment toward a somewhat different conclusion. The Age of Reason, in Saul’s view, has brought too much certainty to today’s world, from politicians who think themselves the panacea for the world’s ills to a populace mesmerized by the authority of "experts." As he suggests, ‘we must alter our civilization from one of answers to one which feels satisfaction, not anxiety, when doubt is established.’"

Schneider, James J. The Structure of Strategic Revolution: Total War and the Roots of the Soviet Warfare State. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1994.

See Chapter One.

Schroeder, Manfred. Fractals, Chaos, Power Laws: Minutes from an Infinite Paradise. New York: W.H. Freeman & Co., 1991.

Snyder, Jack and Robert Jervis, eds. Coping with Complexity in the International System. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993.

A set of thirteen essays loosely based on Complexity theory, sponsored by the Institute of War and Peace Studies, Columbia University.

Stacey, Ralph. Strategic Management and Organizational Dynamics, 2nd ed. London: Pitman, 1996.

Stacey, Ralph and David Parker. Chaos, Management and Economics: the Implications of Non-linear Thinking. IEA Hobart Paper 125, 1994.

See McKergow, Mark for book review.

Stein, Daniel L, ed. Lectures in the Sciences of Complexity. Redwood City, CA: Addison-Wesley, 1989.

Stewart, Ian. Does God Play Dice? The Mathematics of Chaos. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell, 1989.

A relatively non-technical exposition of Chaos theory.

Stoppard, Tom. Arcadia.

A play which brings to the theater a drama which is explicitly based on Chaos theory.

Tagarev, Todor, Michael Dolgov, David Nicholls, Randal C. Franklin, and Peter Axup. Chaos in War: Is It Present and What Does It Mean? Report to Air Command and Staff College, Maxwell AFB, AL, Academic Year 1994 Research Program, June 1994.

Taylor, William W. "Chaotic Evolution and Nonlinear Prediction in Signal Separation Applications." RAND Report P-7769. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, April 1994.

Tenner, Edward. Why Things Bite Back: New Technology and the Revenge Effect. New York: Knopf/ Fourth Estate: 1996.

"Revenge effects differ from side-effects: ‘If a cancer chemotherapy treatment causes baldness, that is not a revenge effect: but if it induces another, equally lethal cancer, that is a revenge effect.’" See Segal, Howard P., and Maddox, Bruno for book reviews.

Thompson, J.M.T. and H.B. Stewart. Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1986.

Van Creveld, Martin. Command in War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1985.

Van Creveld, Martin, with Steven L. Canby and Kenneth S. Brower. Air Power and Maneuver Warfare. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, July 1994.

Waldrop, M. Mitchell. Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of Order and Chaos. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992.

Non-technical description of advances, personalities and institutions in the study of complex adaptive systems and spontaneous self-organization. Centers on the Santa Fe Institute. See Johnson, George and McKergow, Mark for book reviews.

Watts, Barry. Clausewitzean Friction in Future War: McNair Paper 52. Washington DC: Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, 1996.

"If what counts in real war is not the absolute level of friction that either side experiences but the relative frictional advantage of one adversary over the other, then the question of using technology to reduce friendly friction to near zero can be seen for what it is: a false issue that diverts attention from the real business of war. Even comparatively small frictional advantages can, through nonlinear feedback, have huge consequences for combat outcomes..."

Wheatley, Margaret J. Leadership and the New Science: Learning About Organization From an Orderly Universe. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 1992.

"Applying revolutionary discoveries in quantum physics, chaos theory, and evolutionary biology to organizing work and people, with information at the center." Metaphoric and a whiff of New Age, but important part of the literature on "learning organizations.

Weigand, Andreas S. and Neil A. Gershenfeld, eds. Understanding the Past: A Proceedings Volume in the Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1994.

"Compares different methods for time series prediction and characterization."

Womack, Scott Ellis. Chaos, Clausewitz and Combat: A Critical Analysis of Operational Planning in the Vietnam War. (Master’s degree thesis.) Monterey, CA: Navy Postgraduate School, December 1995.

Wylie, Rear Admiral J.C., USN. "Military Strategy: A General Theory of Power Control," in George Edward Thibault, ed. The Art and Practice of Military Strategy. New York: Rutgers, The State University, 1967: 196-203.

Zurek, Wojciech H., ed. Complexity, Entropy, and the Physics of Information. Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity. Lectures vol 8. Redwood City, CA: Addison-Wesley, 1990.


Abarbanel, Henry D.I. "Nonlinearity and Chaos at Work." Nature, August 19, 1993: 672-673.

Adolph, Robert B. "Playing the Numbers Game." Army Times, June 3, 1996:62.

Andersen, David F. "Forward: Chaos In System Dynamics Models." System Dynamics Review, Vol. 4, Nos. 1-2, 1988: 3-13.

The Forward to an entire special issue of Systems Dynamics Review devoted to Chaos theory, consisting of ten articles.

Anderson. P. W. "More is Different," Science, August 4, 1972.

Antonoff, Michael. "Genetic Algorithms: Software by Natural Selection," Popular Science, October, 1991: 70-74.

Arthur, W. Brian. "Complexity in Economic and Financial Markets," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 1: 20.

Arthur, W. Brian. "Why Do Things Become More Complex." Scientific American, May 1993: 144.

Arthur, W. Brian. "Pandora’s Marketplace," New Scientist, (Supplement), February 6, 1993: S6-S8.

Arthur, W. Brian. "Positive Feedbacks in the Economy," Scientific American, February 1990: 92-99.

Atmanspacher, Harald, Gerda Wiedenmann and Anton Amann. "Descartes Revisited." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 3: 15.

Axelrod, Robert. "An Evolutionary Approach to Norms." American Political Science Review, December 1986: 1095-1111.

Axelrod, Robert. "A Model of the Emergence of New Political Actors." From E. Hillebrand and J. Stender, eds. Many-Agent Simulation and Artificial Life. IOS Press, 1994.

Bailyn, Lotte. "Patterned Chaos in Human Resources Management." Sloan Management Review, Winter 1993: 77-83.

We "tend to develop elaborately structured and tightly controlled systems for managing people. Bailyn suggests a new approach: patterned Chaos. As people and their needs differ, so should their work be organized in different ways."

Bak, Per, Kan Chen and Michael Creutz. "Self-Organized Criticality in the ‘Game of Life.’" Nature, December 14, 1989: 780-782.

Bak, Per and Kan Chen. "Self-Organized Criticality." Scientific American, January 1991: 46-53.

"Large interactive systems naturally evolve toward a critical state in which a minor event can lead to a catastrophe. Self-organized criticality may explain the dynamics of earthquakes, economic markets and ecosystems."

Bankes, Steve and Robert J. Lempert. "Adaptive Strategies for Abating Climate Change: An Example of Policy Analysis for Complex Adaptive Systems." Santa Monica, CA: RAND, n. d. (Missing pages)

Batterman, Robert W. "Defining Chaos." Philosophy of Science 60, 1993: 43-66.

Beyerchen, Alan. "Clausewitz, Nonlinearity, and the Nature of War." International Security, Winter 1992-93: 59-90.

Beyerchen, associated with Ohio States’ Mershon Center, portrays Clausewitz as a nonlinearist. But without quantum physics and chaos theory, he "had no precise and commonly accepted vocabulary with which to express his insights into nonlinear systems."

Beard, Nick. "Evolution and Computers," New Scientist, January 13, 1990: 68.

Beardsley, Timothy M. "Complexity Counted." Scientific American, August 1988 : 16-17.

"Physicists ponder a new way to measure an elusive concept."

Begley, Sharon. "Finding Order in Disorder." Newsweek, December 21, 1987: 55-56.

"The science of chaos reveals nature’s secrets."

Begley, Sharon. "Software au Naturel." Newsweek, May 8, 1995: 70-71.

"Special lines of computer code mate and mutate like living organisms. Called ‘genetic algorithms,’ they solve problems no human can."

Bennett, Charles H., Gilles Brassard and Arthur K. Ekert. "Quantum Cryptography." Scientific American, October 1992: 50-57.

Bennahum, David S. "The Myth of Digital Nirvana." Educom Review, September-October 1996.

Excellent critique of Kevin Kelly and his products: WIRED magazine, and Out of Control.

Berlinski, David. " The Soul of Man Under Physics." Commentary, January 1995:38-46.

Berlinski, David. "The Deniable Darwin." Commentary, June 1996:19-29.

Bodanis, David. "Tender Traps for the Unwary." New Scientist, 19 October 1996: 52.

"...why some scientific concepts can be so difficult to understand."

Brown, Thad A. "Political Science 443a. Nonlinear Dynamic Models." Columbia, MO: Department of Political Science, University of Missouri. No date.

Syllabus for an advanced graduate course in the applied science of Chaos for the social sciences, with case studies.

Brown, Julian. "Where Two Worlds Meet..." New Scientist, 18 May 1996: 26-30.

"Butterflies can cause hurricanes, according to the classical theory of chaos. But what happens when chaos encounters the quantum world...?"

Brownlee, Shannon. "Complexity Meets the Business World." U.S. News & World Report, September 30, 1996: 57.

"...complexity practitioners are using the science of complexity for everything from playing the stock market to increasing the efficiency of assembly plants."

Bryngelson, Joseph D. "Provocative Questions, Problematic Answers." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 2: 46.

Book review of The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution, by Stuart A. Kauffman.

Butler, Ann B. and James Trefill. "Evolution, Neurobiology and Behavior," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 4: 3.

Calude, Cristian and Cezar Campeanu. "Are Binary Codings Universal?" Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 5: 47.

Carey, John. "Can the Complexity Gurus Explain It All?" Business Week, November 6, 1995: 23-24.

Book Review of John H. Holland’s Hidden Order and Stuart Kaufmann’s At Home in the Universe.

Cartwright, T. J. "Planning and Chaos Theory." Journal of the American Planning Association, Winter 1991: 44-56.

"Suggests that the world may be both easier and more difficult to understand than we tend to believe, that noisy and untidy cities may not be as dysfunctional as we often assume, and that the need for planning that is incremental and adaptive in nature may be more urgent than we tend to think."

Casti, John L. "Bell Curves and Monkey Languages," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 1: 12.

Casti, John L. "Complexity and Simplicity: In the Eye of the Beholder," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 2: 2.

Casti, John L. "If D’Arcy Only Had a Computer," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 3: 5.

Casti, John L. "Seeing the Light at El Farol," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 5: 7.

Chaitin, G. J. "The Berry Paradox," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 1: 26.

Chaitin, G. J. "A New Version of Algorithmic Information Theory," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 4: 55.

Chilcote, Ronald. "Interactive War in Vietnam: Pulverizing the Core Versus Nibbling at the Edges." (Student paper-National War College), October 1996.

"This essay is divided into four parts. The first two will examine Clausewitz’s concepts of non-linearity and linearity in war. The second two will use these concepts to critique US strategy in Vietnam" through an examination of the Rolling Thunder air campaign.

Cowan, George A. "The Emergence of the Santa Fe Institute: A Complex, Adaptive System," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 3: 9.

Corcoran, Elizabeth. "The Edge of Chaos." Scientific American, October 1992: 18-22.

Corcoran, Elizabeth. "Ordering Chaos." Scientific American, August 1991: 96-97.

Corcoran, Elizabeth and Paul Wallich. "Coping with Math Anxiety." Scientific American, August 1992: 142.

Cordesman, Anthony H. "The Quadrennial Defense Review and the American Threat to the United States." Center for Strategic and International Studies, January 14, 1996.

"...history and the ‘chaos theory’ visualized in Jurassic Park provide consistent warnings against the hubris and arrogance inherent in assuming that the right strategy and the right force posture can control our future."

Covey, Stephen R. "The Strange Attractor," Executive Excellence, August 1994: 5-6.

"In a properly run business, although it may look chaotic, because everyone is doing his or her own thing, they all are drawn to and united by the Strange Attractor."

Crutchfield, James P., J. Doyne Farmer, Norman H. Packard and Robert S. Shaw. "Chaos." Scientific American, December 1986: 46-57.

Czerwinski, Thomas J. "The Third Wave: What the Tofflers Never Told You," Strategic Forum, Institute for National Security Studies; National Defense University, Number 72, April 1996.

Czerwinski, Thomas J. "Command and Control at the Crossroads." Marine Corps Gazette, October 1995: 13-15.

Czerwinski, Thomas J. "Command and Control at the Crossroads." Parameters, Autumn 1996: 121-132.

Darley, Vince. "Learning to Live on the Edge." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 5: 34.

Book review of Coping With Uncertainty: Insights From the New Sciences of Chaos, Self-Organization, and Complexity, by Uri Merry.

Davies, Paul. "Physics and the Mind of God: The Templeton Prize Address" First Things, August/September 1995: 31-35.

Dawid, Herbert and Alexander Mehlmann. "Genetic Learning in Strategic Form." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 5: 51.

Dennard, Linda F. "The New Paradigm in Science and Public Administration." Public Administration Review, September/October 1996: 495-499.

Review of Margaret Wheatley’s Leadership and the New Science, George Sessions’ Deep Ecology for the 21st Century, and Ken Wilber’s The Holographic Paradigm and Other Paradoxes.

Dennett, Daniel C. "Hofstadter’s Quest." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 6: 9.

Denning, Peter J. " Genetic Algorithms," American Scientist, January/February 1992: 12-14.

Dewdney, A. K. , "Computer Recreations." Scientific American, May 1985.

Discusses cellular automata and computation.

Discover. "The Calm Before the Heart Attack," Discover, May 1990:

"Researchers are developing a computer program that can recognize a loss of chaos in a heartbeat—a sign that a heart attack is imminent."

Ditto, William L. and Louis M. Pecora. "Mastering Chaos." Scientific American, August 1993: 78-84.

"It is now possible to control some systems that behave chaotically. Engineers can use stabilize lasers, electronic circuits and even the hearts of animals."

Ditlea, Steve. "Applying Complexity Theory To Business Management." New York Times, February 13, 1997.

"If all this sounds a bit abstract, the clients...are decidedly down to earth. They include Mansanto, Unilever and BP Exploration." (Not to mention Citicorp and Xerox.)

Durlauf, Steven N. "Remembrance of Things Past." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 3: 37-38.

Book review of Increasing Returns and Path Dependence in the Economy, by W. Brian Arthur.

Economist. "Tilting at Chaos." The Economist, August 15, 1992: 70.

Economist. "A Tale of Fat Tails." The Economist, October 9, 1993: 14-16.

"The theory of chaos and fractals undoubtedly describes the behavior of markets; but that does not mean it is profitable."

Evans, Karen G. "Chaos as Opportunity: Grounding a Positive Vision of Management and Society in the New Physics." Public Administration Review, September/October 1996: 491-494.

Review of L. Douglas Kiel’s Managing Chaos and Complexity in Government, and Dana Zohar and Ian Marshall’s The Quantum Society: Mind, Physics and a New Social Vision.

Forrest, Stephanie. "Genetic Algorithms: Principles of Natural Selection Applied to Computation," Science, August 13, 1993: 872-78.

Freeman, Walter J. "The Physiology of Perception." Scientific American, February 1991: 78-85.

"A familiar face, a favorite smell or a friend’s voice is instantly recognized. This rapid perception depends on the coordination of millions of neurons. How can such a small input stimulate so massive a response? Surprisingly, (the answer) points to chaos—hidden order in seemingly random activity that allows many neurons to switch abruptly from one task to another."

Gell-Mann, Murray. "Let’s Call It Plectics," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 5: 3.

Gell-Mann, Murray. "What is Complexity?" Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 1: 16.

A summarization of the author’s The Quark and the Jaguar.

Gell-Mann, Murray. "Nature Conformable to Herself," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 4: 9.

Gleick, James. "Stoppard: Creating Chaos in Arcadia." Arena Stage Program, Washington D.C., Winter, 1996.

This theater program contains a number of commentaries on the play Arcadia by Tom Stoppard which contains a theme which is explicitly based on Chaos theory.

Glynn, Patrick. "Quantum Leap." The National Interest, Spring 1995: 50-57.

Goldberger, Ary L., David R. Rigney and Bruce J. West. "Chaos and Fractals in Human Physiology," Scientific American: 42-49.

Goodwin, Brian. "Emergent Form: Evolving Beyond Darwinism," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 5: 11.

Gould, Stephen Jay. "The Evolution of Life on the Earth." Scientific American, October 1994: 85-91.

Gregersen, Hal, and Lee Sailer. "Chaos Theory and Its Implications for Social Science Research," Human Relations Vol. 46, No. 7, 1993: 777-802.

Grossmann, Siegfried and Gottfried Mayer-Kress. "Chaos in the International Arms Race," Nature, February 23, 1989: 701-4.

Gutowitz, Howard. "Cellular Automata and the Sciences of Complexity (Part I), Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 5: 16.

Gutowitz, Howard. "Cellular Automata and the Sciences of Complexity (Part II), Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 6: 29.

Gutzwiller, Martin C. "Quantum Chaos." Scientific American, January 1992: 78-84.

Holland, John. "Genetic Algorithms." Scientific American, July 1992: 66-72.

Horgan, John. "A Theory of Almost Anything." The New York Times Book Review, October 1, 1995: 30.

A critical review of four books: Hidden Order: How Adaptation Builds Complexity by John M. Holland, At Home in the Universe: The Search for Laws of Self-Organization and Complexity by Stuart Kauffman; Are We Alone? Philosophical Implications of the Discovery of Extraterrestrial Life, by Paul Davies, and Frontiers of Complexity: The Search for Order in a Chaotic World by Peter Coveney and Roger Highfield.

Horgan, John. "Escaping in a Cloud of Ink." Scientific American, August 1995: 37-41.

Profile of Stephen Jay Gould.

Horgan, John. "From Complexity to Perplexity." Scientific American, June 1995: 104-109.

"Can science achieve a unified theory of complex systems? Even at the Santa Fe Institute, some researchers have their doubts."

Horgan, John. "Brain Storm." Scientific American, November 1994: 24.

Controlling chaos could help treat epilepsy.

Horgan, John. "Nonlinear Thinking." Scientific American, June 1989: 26-7.

Horgan, John. "Complexifying Freud." Scientific American, September 1995: 28-9.

"Psychotherapists seek inspiration in nonlinear sciences."

Jackson, E. Atlee. "No Provable Limits to Scientific Knowledge," Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 2: 14.

Book review of Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers, by R.C. Hilborn.

Johnson, George. "After Chaos." Wilson Quarterly, Spring 1993: 74-76.

A critical review of three books—Artificial Life by Steven Levy, Complexity by M. Mitchell Waldrop, and Complexity by Roger Lewin.

Johnson, George. "Romancing the Brain." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 5: 35-36.

Book review of Galatea 2.2 by Richard Powers.

Johnson, Jeffrey and Philip Picton. "How to Train a Neural Network." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 6: 13.

Johnson, Phillip E. "The Storyteller and the Scientist." Books and Culture, November/December 1996: 46-53.

A critical review of The End of Science: Facing the Limits of Knowledge in the Twilight of the Scientific Age by John Horgan.

Johnson, Phillip E. "Pomo Science." First Things, October 1996: 46-53.

A critical review of Climbing Mount Probable by Richard Dawkins and Darwin’s Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution by Michael Behe.

Johnson, Steven. "Strange Attraction." Lingua Franca, March/April 1996:42-50.

"A band of literary scholars is experimenting with the new science of Chaos. Will scientists recognize the result?"

Jones, Teresa M. "A Non-Linear Interpretation of Clausewitz and Intelligence." (Student paper-National War College), October 25, 1996.

"...investigates how Clausewitz’s...On War addresses the issue of intelligence, explores the value of understanding the importance of non-linearity in fully comprehending his thought processes, and posits some implications for the Intelligence Community."

Jones, Terry. "In Praise of Simplicity." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 3: 39.

Book review of Turtles, Termites and Traffic Jams, by Mitchell Resnick.

Jones, Tony. "God and Scientists Reconciled." New Scientist, 10 August 1996: 46.

"Ponders that fertile region where religious faith meets physics."

Kakalios, James. "Fractals: More Than Just a Pretty Picture." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 5: 38-39.

Book reviews of Fractals in Science edited by Armin Bunde and Shlomo Havlin, and Fractals, A User’s Guide the Natural Sciences by Harold M. Hastings and George Sugihara.

Kauffman, Stuart A. and William Macready. "Technological Evolution and Adaptive Organizations." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 2: 26.

Kauffman, Stuart A. "Antichaos and Adaptation." Scientific American, August 1991: 78-84.

"If the tentative conclusions of this biophysicist and his colleagues are correct, there is more to evolution than natural selection. He argues that the mathematical idea of antichaos—that disorder in complex systems can suddenly crystallize into order—plays a crucial role in biology."

Kedrosky, Paul. "The More You Sell, the More You Sell." Wired, October 1995: 133 and 188.

"Brian Arthur’s theory of ‘increasing returns’ is revolutionizing economics. It’s also why the Department of Justice stopped the Microsoft/Intuit merger."

Kelly, Kevin. "The Economics of Ideas." Wired, June 1996: 148/149-217/218.

"According to economist Paul Romer, the world isn’t defined by scarcity and limits on growth. Instead, it’s a playground of nearly unbounded opportunity, where new ideas beget new products, new markets, and new possibilities to create wealth."

Kelly, Kevin. "The End Of Science." Wired, June 1996:159.

Book review of The End of Science: Facing the Limits of Knowledge in the Twilight of the Scientific Age, by John Horgan.

Kepler, Tom. Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 6: 36.

Book review of Fire in the Mind: Science, Faith and the Search for Order, by George M. Johnson.

Kiel, L. Douglas. "Current Thinking About Chaos Theory." Public Administration Times, November 1, 1995: 4 and 9.

Kiel, L. Douglas. "Nonlinear Dynamical Analysis: Assessing Systems Concepts in a Government Agency." Public Administration Review, March/April 1993: 143-153.

Uses "elements from Chaos theory to examine the work patterns of an Oklahoma state agency."

Kleiner, Kurt. "Fanning the Wildfires." New Scientist, 19 October 1996: 14-15.

"Suppressing natural fires may do more harm than good. The U.S. Forest Service now wants them to burn instead."

Lane, David A. "Models and Aphorisms." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 2: 9.

Lane, David and Robert Maxfield. "Strategy Under Complexity: Fostering Generative Relationships," Long Range Planning, April 1996: 215-231.

Larkin, John. "Chaos Theory: It’s Not Just For Scholars Anymore." Public Administration Times, November 1, 1995: 4 and 9.

LeBaron, Blake. "Confusion and Information on Financial Chaos." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 3: 35.

Book review of Fractal Market Analysis: Applying Chaos Theory to Investment and Economics by Edgar E. Peters.

Lewin, Roger. "The Right Connections," New Scientist (Supplement), February 6, 1993: S4-S5.

Lintern, Gavan. "Complexity Stimulates Theories of Cognition and Action." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 6: 38.

Book review of A Dynamic Systems Approach to the Development of Cognition and Action, by Esther Thelen and Linda B. Smith.

Lloyd, Seth. "Complexity Simplified," Scientific American, May 1996: 104-08.

Review of five books—1) Frontiers of Complexity by Coveney and Highfield, 2) Hidden Order by Holland, 3) At Home in the Universe by Kauffman, 4) Fire in the Mind by George Johnson, and 5) The Dreams of Reason by Heinz Pagels.

Luce, Benjamin. "Power-Packed Dynamical Systems Software." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 2: 47.

Review of Dynamics: Numerical Explorations, by James A. Yorke and Helena E. Nusse.

Maddox, Bruno. "Monsters of Our Own Making." Book World, September 29, 1996: 8-9.

Review of Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences, by Edward Tenner.

Mann, Steven R. "Chaos Theory and Strategic Thought." Parameters, Autumn 1992: 54-68.

Mark, Hans. "Some Visions For Scientific Future." Goddard Space Flight Center, October 19, 1993.

Keynote address to the Goddard Conference on Mass Storage Systems and Technologies.

Matthews, Robert. "Far Out Forecasting." New Scientist, 12 October 1996: 37-40.

"From the most devastating natural disasters to amazing athletics records and people who live to 124—statisticians are predicting the chances of events that border on the impossible."

McCauley, Joseph L. "Complexity, Simulations, and Emergent Law." Phalanx, December 1996: 8-9 and 30-31.

McCloskey, Donald M. "Once Upon a Time There Was a Theory." Scientific American, February 1995: 25.

McCloskey, Donald M. "Computation Outstrips Analysis." Scientific American, July 1995: 26.

McKergow, Mark. "Complexity Science and Management: What’s in it for Business?" Long Range Planning, Vol. 29, No. 5, 1996: 721-727.

A critical review of six recent books on Complexity, what they say, and how they might be applied to business.

McReady, William and David H. Wolpert. "What Makes An Optimization Problem Hard?" Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 5: 40.

McShea, Daniel W. "A Post-modern Vision of Artificial Life." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 5: 36-37.

Book review of The Garden in the Machine, by Claus Emmeche.

Mitchell, Melanie. "Genetic Algorithms: An Overview." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 1: 31.

Morck, Randall and Harold Morowitz. "Value and Information: A Profit Maximizing Strategy for Maxwell’s Demon." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 1: 31.

Morowitz, Harold. "The Emergence of Complexity." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 1: 4.

Morowitz, Harold. "The Simplicity Odyssey." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 2: 7.

Morowitz, Harold. "Classified Complexity." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 3: 2.

Morowitz, Harold. "What’s in a Name?" Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 4: 7.

Morowitz, Harold. "Why Complexity Theory?" Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 6: 7.

Morowitz, Harold. "Back to the Future." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 6: 37.

Review of Science and the Retreat From Reason by John Gillott and Manjit Kumar.

Moris, Claire and Ian Langford. "No Cause for Alarm." New Scientist, 28 September 1996: 36-39.

"When it comes to judging risk, most people would rather trust the opinion of a friend than take the word of a scientist." (Ties into Perrow and safety engineering principles.)

Morrison, Philip. "The Fragrance of Almonds." Scientific American, January 1992: 147-148.

A review of three books on fractal art.

Murray, Williamson. "Innovation: Past and Future." Joint Force Quarterly, Summer 1996: 51-59.

"Finally, the services must encourage greater familiarity with nonlinear analyses...While some suggest that the military needs more engineers to encourage nonlinear thinking, they are wrong. In fact, what the services lack are biologists, mathematicians, and historians..."

Nadis, Steve. "Poetry for Chemists." Omni, Fall 1995: 35.

"A Harvard professor asks his chemistry students to write poetry to help them gain a better feel for the practice of science."

Naval Research Reviews, Office of Naval Research (ONR), Vol XLV (3), 1993

Special issue devoted to Chaos applications.

Neff, Joseph and Thomas L. Carroll. "Circuits That Get Chaos in Sync." Scientific American, August 1993: 120-124.

Neumann, Francis X. "Nonlinear World." Joint Forces Quarterly, Summer 1996: 7.

Letter to the Editor: "Having read arguments on the disestablishment of a separate Air Force in the pages of JFQ and elsewhere, I find many of them, though valid, are linear and reductionist."

Newman, Richard J. "Manual 6, Hell of a Read." U.S. News & World Report, December 16, 1996: 34.

"The new format is matched by an interesting new message...the Marines are incorporating new sciences such as complexity and chaos theory into their doctrine."

Nicholls, David and Todor D. Tagarev. "What Does Chaos Theory Mean for Warfare?" Airpower Journal, Fall 1994: 48-57.

O’Brien, Larry. "Walking at the Edge of Chaos," AI Expert, December 1993: 13-15.

O’Hare, Michael. "Chaos Pitch." New Scientist, 8 June 1996, 24-28.

Chaos theory applied to the game of soccer.

Overman, Sam E. "The New Sciences of Administration: Chaos and Quantum Theory." Public Administration Review, September/October 1996: 487-491.

"Chaos administration will bring new order out of chaos... Quantum administration will focus...also on energy, not matter, on becoming, not being, on intentionally, not causality, and on constructing our reality..."

Overman, Sam E. and Donna T. Loraine. "Information for Control: Another Management Proverb." Public Administration Review, March/April 1994: 193-196.

Suggests "that Chaos may help us understand information as an agent of change rather than as a mechanism of control."

Paisley, Ed. "Out of Chaos, Profits." Far Eastern Economic Review, October 7, 1993: 84.

Park, Robert L. "At the Edge of Human Knowledge." The Washington Post Book World, August 11, 1996: 1-2.

Book review of The Edge of Science: Facing the Limits of Knowledge In the Twilight of the Scientific Age, by John Horgan.

Paulos, John Allen. "A Mathematician Critiques Popular Forecasts." The Futurist, November 1995: 24.

"The author debunks much of the economic and political forecasts found in popular newspapers and journals. He believes further research in Chaos theory will help improve forecasts, since they are nonlinear."

Paulos, John Allen. "Random Acts of Finance: Chaos Theory, Budget Practice." Nation, December 11, 1995: 752-53.

See theme above.

Pearcey, Nancy. "The Biological Challenge to Evolution." Books and Culture, November/December 1996: 10-11.

A critical review of Darwin’s Black Box by Michael Behe.

Piatelli-Palminari, Massimo. "Wishful Thinking?" Nature, 8 August 1996: 505-06.

A review of The Logic of Failure by Dietrich Dorner.

Pool, Robert. "Chaos Theory: How Big an Advance?" Science, 7 July 1989:26-28.

"This is the last in a six-part series that examines how scientists in a host of fields are using Chaos theory to study complex phenomena. The five previous pieces, which appeared between 6 January and 10 March (1989), reported on chaos studies in epidemiology, population biology, physiology, quantum physics, and meteorology. This article explores whether chaos is merely an interesting idea enjoying a faddish vogue or is it actually...a revolution in scientific thought."

Presti, Alberto Lo. "Futures Research and Complexity." Futures, Vol. 28, No. 10, 1996: 891-902.

"A critical analysis from the perspective of social science."

Reilly, John J. "After Darwin." First Things, June-July 1995: 14-15.

Richards, Diana. "Is Strategic Decision Making Chaotic?" Behavior Science 35, 1990: 219-232.

Robinson, Peter. "Paul Romer." Forbes ASAP, June 7, 1995: 67-72.

"Cheap powerful technology and ‘free’ information transforms the science of economics. But just how? This young economist knows."

Rosenau, James N. "Security in a Turbulent World." Current History, May 1995: 193-200.

Ruthen, Russell. "Adapting to Complexity." Scientific American, January 1993: 130-40.

"What do bacteria and economies have in common? In Trying to find out, a group of multidisciplinary researchers at the Santa Fe Institute hope to derive a theory that explains why all such complex adaptive systems seem to evolve toward the boundary between order and chaos. Their ideas could result in a view of evolution that encompasses living and nonliving systems."

Santa Fe Institute. Bulletin of the Santa Fe Institute (1987-present). Published two or three times a year. Contains extended interviews, and summaries of workshops and meetings.

Saperstein, Alvin M. "War and Chaos." American Scientist, November-December 1995: 548-557.

"Complexity theory may be useful in modeling how real-world situations get out of control."

Scheeline, Alexander and Yeou-Teh Liu. "Chaos Limited." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 1: 48.

Review of Chaos Demonstrations, V. 2.0 and Chaos Data Analyzer, V. 1.0, by J.C. Sprott and G. Rowlands.

Scheeline, Alexander and Nicholas Weber. "Send in the Clones." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 2: 48.

Review of Modelmaker, V. 2 , by SB Technology.

Schwartz, John. "Taking Advantage of Chaos to Find Stability and Maintain Control." Washington Post, July 4, 1994: A3.

Segal, Howard P. "Expecting the Unexpected." Nature, 8 August 1996: 504-05.

A review of Why Things Bite Back by Edward Tenner.

Segel, Lee A. "Grappling with Complexity." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 2: 18.

Shepard, Harvey. "Why the World is Simple." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 1: 46.

Review of The Collapse of Chaos, by Jack Cohen and Ian Stewart.

Shinbrot, Troy, Celso Grebogi, Edward Ott and James A. Yorke. "Using Small Perturbations to Control Chaos." Nature, June 3, 1993: 415.

Sigmund, Karl. "Darwin’s ‘Circles of Complexity’: Assembling Ecological Communities." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 1: 40.

Silk, Joseph I. "Road to Nowhere." Scientific American, July 1995: 93-94.

A review of The Physics of Immortality by Frank J. Tippler.

Smith, Douglas. "How to Generate Chaos at Home." Scientific American, January 1992: 144-146.

Building an electronic circuit which when subjected to certain voltages, produces a signal that is chaotic.

Smith, R. David. "The Inapplicability Principal: What Chaos Means for Social Science." Behavioral Science, Vol. 40, 1995: 22.

Sole, Ricard V. "On Macroevolution, Extinctions and Critical Phenomena." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 6: 40.

Sole, Ricard V., Sussanna C. Manrubia, Bartolo Lique, Jordi Delgado and Jordi Bascompte. "Phase Transitions and Complex Systems." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 4: 13.

Somogyi, Roland and Carol Ann Sniegoski. "Modeling the Complexity of Genetic Networks." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 6: 45.

Stacey, Ralph. "Emerging Strategies for a Chaotic Environment," Long Range Planning, April 1996: 182-189.

Stacey, Ralph. "The Science of Complexity: An Alternative Perspective for Strategic Change Processes." The Strategic Management Journal, August, 1995.

Sterman, John D. "Deterministic Chaos in Models of Human Behavior: Methodological Issues and Experimental Results." Systems Dynamics Review 4 (1-2), 1988: 148-178.

Stewart, Ian. "Christmas In the House of Chaos." Scientific American, December 1992: 144-146.

A tale of holiday fractal art and Christmas tree decorating.

Svozil, K. "How Real are Virtual Realities, How Virtual is Reality?—Constructive Re-interpretation of Physical Undecidability." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 4: 43.

Tagg, Randall. "A Field Guide to Chaos." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 1: 45.

A review of The Nature of Chaos, edited by Tom Mullin.

Taylor, William C. "Control in an Age of Chaos." Harvard Business Review, November-December 1994: 64-76.

"The New Economy demands new models of organization." A review and synthesis of three works; Out of Control: The Rise of Neo-Biological Civilization by Kevin Kelly, Built to Last: Successful Habits of Visionary Companies by Jasmes C. Collins and Jerry I. Porras, and Showstopper! The Breakneck Race to Create Windows NT and the Next Generation at Microsoft by G. Pascal Zachary.

Tepper, August. "Controlling Technology by Shaping Visions," Policy Sciences, Vol. 29, No. 1, 1996: 29-44.

Excellent survey of the use and abuse of metaphors.

Tempestelli, Mark. "The Network Force." Proceedings, June 1996:42-46.

Testa, Bernard and Lemont B. Kier. "Complex Systems in Drug Research." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 4: 29.

Tsonis, A.A. "Dynamical Systems as Models for Physical Processes." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 5: 23.

Varian, Hal R. "The Information Economy." Scientific American, September 1995: 200-201.

Vincent, Gary A. "A New Approach to Command and Control: The Cybernetic Design." Airpower Journal, Summer 1993: 24-38.

Argues for the elimination of "intermediate control units" which would thus minimize friction. The aim is to exploit advances in technology in order to overcome the challenges of survivability and speed.

Voohees, Burton. "Godel’s Theorem and the Possibility of Thinking Machines." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 3: 30.

Watts, Barry D. "Friction in the Gulf War." Naval War College Review, Autumn 1995, 93-108.

A review of Gordon and Trainor’s The Generals’ War wherein Watts grounds Clausewitzean friction in a nonlinear science context.

Wayner, Peter. "Genetic Algorithms," Byte, January 1991: 361-68.

Weiss, Gary. "Chaos Hits Wall Street-The Theory, That Is." Business Week, November 2, 1992: 138-140.

"An arcane market system is making waves."

Wheatley, Margaret J. "A Quantum Vision: Chaotic Organization Must Replace the Newtonian Bureaucracy." Barron’s, March 22, 1993: 12.

Wheatley, Margaret J. "Can the U.S. Army Become a Learning Organization?" Journal of Quality and Participation, XXX: XX.

Wiley & Sons. Complexity. Published bimonthly, starting July 1995, this publication offers recent research results, educational overviews, tutorials and book/article reviews.

Wolfram, Stephen. "Computer Software in Science and Mathematics." Scientific American, September 1984.

Contains a basic description of cellular automata.

Yam, Philip. "Chaotic Chaos." Scientific American, March 1994: 16.

Zhang, Shuguang and Martin Egli. "A Possible Pathway for Generating Complex Biological Molecules." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 1: 49.

Zurich, Wojciech Hubert. "The Many Faces of Information." Complexity, Vol. 1, No. 2: 64.


Ilachinski, Andy. "Land Warfare as a Complex Adaptive System." Center for Naval Analysis, 1995.

Complexity Index