About the Authors

Charles L. Barry is an independent defense consultant working in the Washington, DC, area. Among his recent publications is Reforging the Transatlantic Relationship (Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1995).

Hans Binnendijk is the Roosevelt Professor of National Security Policy at the National Defense University and director of the Center for Technology and National Security Policy. He was previously senior director of the National Security Council for defense policy and arms control and a special assistant to the President.

Paul K. Davis is a senior scientist and research leader at RAND and a professor in the RAND Graduate School. His research involves defense planning, military transformation, theories of deterrence, and advanced methods of analysis.

Michèle A. Flournoy is a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). Her most recent book is To Prevail: An American Strategy for the Campaign Against Terrorism (Washington, DC: CSIS, 2001). She has served as a distinguished research professor at the National Defense University, and as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy and Threat Reduction and Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy in the Clinton administration.

Norman Friedman is an internationally known weapons design and
development specialist. His most recent books are Seapower and Space (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2000) and Seapower as Strategy (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2001).

Jacques S. Gansler is professor and Roger C. Lipitz Chair at the Center for Public Policy and Private Enterprise, School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland. He served as Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics) from 1997 to 2001.

Thomas C. Hone is the Principal Deputy Director, Program Analysis and Evaluation, Office of the Secretary of Defense.

Richard L. Kugler is distinguished research professor in the Institute for National Strategic Studies at the National Defense University. He is a defense planner and strategic analyst with over 30 years of experience in DOD and RAND. He has published 14 books and book-length reports, plus articles in Foreign Affairs, Survival, and other journals. Recently he co-edited (with Ellen Frost) The Global Century: Globalization and National Security, Vol. 1 and 2 (Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 2001).

Douglas A. Macgregor is a colonel in the U.S. Army and a senior military fellow in the Institute for National Strategic Studies at the National Defense University.

Thomas L. McNaugher is vice president for the Army Research Division of the RAND Corporation, and Director of the RAND Arroyo Center, the Army’s Federally funded research institute. He has also been a senior fellow in the foreign policy studies program at the Brookings Institution, specializing in U.S. military strategy and politics. Among his books are New Weapons, Old Politics: America’s Military Procurement Muddle (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution Press, 1989).

Mark L. Montroll is a professor of acquisition at the National Defense University’s Industrial College of the Armed Forces. He teaches courses in defense acquisition and research and technology policy. In addition, he is the course director for the Shipbuilding Industry Study and manager for an annual international exchange program with the Center for Higher Education–Armaments (CHEAr) in Paris. Dr. Montroll has also served as the director of innovative technology initiatives for the Carderock Division of the Naval Surface Warfare Center.

Bruce R. Nardulli is a defense analyst at RAND, where he has worked on a variety of military studies for the U.S. Army and other services. Most recently he co-led a major study for the U.S. Army examining Operation Allied Force, published as Disjointed War: Military Operations in Kosovo, 1999 (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2002). He also has taught at the Naval War College as a visiting professor.

Paul M. Needham is a member of the faculty of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces at the National Defense University. His publications include articles related to transportation and inventory tradeoff decisions along with examination of the Civil Reserve Air Fleet. His professional experience includes over 23 years of active duty service with the U.S. Air Force in a variety of logistics positions and as a logistics consultant working on DOD-related logistics studies.

David A. Ochmanek is a senior analyst at RAND. He has held several positions in the Federal Government, including service in the U.S. Air Force, the Department of State, and the Department of Defense. His most recent book is The Real and the Ideal: Essays on International Relations in Honor of Richard H. Ullman (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001).

William D. O’Neil is chief scientist of the CNA Corporation, a nonprofit research and analysis organization serving the U.S. Government. He has been a technical executive in the aerospace industry and in the Department of Defense.

Stephen P. Randolph is professor of military strategy at the National Defense University, where he directs the annual Space Industry Study conducted by the Industrial College of the Armed Forces and instructs courses in grand strategy, logistics/mobilization, and space policy.

  Richard D. Sokolsky is a distinguished research fellow in the Institute for National Strategic Studies at the National Defense University and a former senior fellow at RAND. From 1990–1997 he served as the director of the Office of Strategic Policy and Negotiations in the Department of State. He is the co-author of three books, including Persian Gulf Security: Improving Allied Military Contributions (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2001), and has published numerous articles on foreign and national security policy in leading journals and newspapers. His most recent publication, “Imagining European Missile Defense,” appeared in the Autumn 2001 issue of Survival.

Sam J. Tangredi is a captain in the U.S. Navy and a senior military fellow in the Institute for National Strategic Studies at the National Defense University, where he also served as a member of the NDU 2001 Quadrennial Defense Review Working Group. His previous assignment was as the head of the Strategy and Concepts Branch, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. His most recent publications include All Possible Wars? Toward a Consensus View of the Future Security Environment, 2001–2025 (Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 2000).

 F.J. (“Bing”) West is the president of GAMA Corporation, a firm that conducts computer-based training for the Marine infantry. He served as Assistant Secretary of Defense in the first Reagan administration.

Peter A. Wilson is a senior political scientist at RAND who specializes in defense policy and planning research. To that end, he is the co-author of the RAND “Day After” strategic planning exercise methodology that has been used to explore major national security issues such as developing counterproliferation investment strategies, dealing with asymmetric threats, and developing information operations plans and policies. Aside from co- authoring a variety of major RAND studies, he has authored essays on a wide range of national security issues that appeared in the Institute for National Strategic Studies Strategic Assessment series, the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College, The Washington Quarterly, the Progressive Policy Institute, and Parameters.


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