U.N. Operations, with actual or planned U.S. participation:

1. U.N. Protection Force (UNPROFOR). Established: February 1992. Personnel: 38,715. Estimated 1994 cost: $1.57 billion. Mandate: Buffer force and humanitarian assistance in Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia.

2. U.N. Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II). Established: March 1993. Personnel: 18,673. Estimated 1994 cost: $947 million. Mandate: Buffer force and humanitarian operations, promotion of national reconciliation.

3. U.N. Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO). Established: May 1948. Personnel: 218 Estimated 1994 cost: $32 million. Mandate: Observer force in West Bank deployed after first Arab-Israeli war.

4. U.N. Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO). Established: April 1991. Personnel: 299. Estimated 1994 cost: $30 million. Mandate: Buffer force and election monitoring.

5. U.N. Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ). Established: December 1992. Personnel: 5,427. Estimated 1994 cost: $296 million. Mandate: Buffer force, humanitarian operations, election monitoring, and civil administration.

6. Iraq-Kuwait Oberserver Mission (UNIKOM). Established: April 1991. Personnel: 1,139. Estimated 1994 cost: $40 million. Mandate: Observation and buffer force assigned to monitor DMZ between Iraq and Kuwait.

7. U.N Mission to Haiti (UNMIH). Established: September 1993. Personnel: 1,300 (authorized). Estimated 1994 cost: Over $80 million. Mandate: Human rights monitoring, humanitarian assistance, institution building, and infrastructure development.

8. U.N. Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG). Established: August 1993. Personnel: 55. Estimated 1994 cost: $28 million. Mandate: Observer force charged with facilitating a negotiated settlement of the Georgian conflict.

U.N. operations, without U.S. participation:

9. U.N. Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP). Established: March 1964. Personnel: 1,221. Estimated 1994 cost: $30 million. Mandate: Buffer force monitoring ceasefire and DMZ between Turkish and Greek Cypriot forces.

10. U.N. Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL). Established: May 1991. Personnel: 198. Estimated 1994 cost: $36 million. Mandate: Buffer force, police functions, humanitarian assistance, and monitoring implementation of peace accord.

11. U.N. Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II). Established: May 1991. Personnel: 78. Estimated 1994 cost: $25 million. Mandate: Observer force tasked with helping to reactivate suspended peace accords.

12. U.N. Assistance Mission to Rwanda (UNAMIR). Established: October 1993. Personnel: 3,764. Estimated 1994 cost: $120 million. Mandate: Buffer force, humanitarian assistance.

13. U.N. Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). Established: March 1978. Personnel: 5,240. Estimated 1994 cost: $145 million. Mandate: Buffer force to monitor withdrawal of Israeli forces and assist government of Lebanon in exercising control over southern Lebanon.

*7*1014. U.N. Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF). Established: May 1974. Personnel: 1,043. Estimated 1994 cost: $33 million. Mandate: Monitoring of ceasefire between Israel and Syria in the Golan Heights.

15. U.N. Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP). Personnel: 38. Estimated 1994 cost: $8 million. Mandate: Monitoring of ceasefire in Jammu and Kashmir.

Non-U.N. Peacekeeping Operation, with U.S. participation:

16. Multinational Force and Observers in the Sinai (MFO). Established: 1982. Personnel: Less than 2,000. Estimated 1993 cost: $53 million. Mandate: Monitoring provisions of peace treaty between Israel and Egypt.