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U.S. Department of State

Historical Background
Historian's Office
Washington, DC

International Conventions and Other Treaties Relating to Terrorism

The United States is a party or signatory to the following international conventions and treaties relating to terrorism and its victims:

-- 1963 Tokyo Convention on Offenses and Certain Other Acts  Committed on Board Aircraft;

-- 1970 Hague Convention for the Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft;

-- 1971 Montreal Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation;

-- 1973 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes Against Internationally Protected Persons, Including Diplomatic Agents;

-- 1979 Convention Against the Taking of Hostages;

-- 1979 Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material;

-- 1988 Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, (supplements the 1971 Montreal Convention);

-- 1988 Rome Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation;

-- 1988 Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf (supplements the Rome Convention)

-- 1991 Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection;.

-- 1997 Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings, signed by the United States on January 12, 1998, submitted to the Senate for advice and consent to ratification on September 8, 1999;

-- 1999 Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism, signed by the United States on January 10, 2000 and submitted to the Senate for advice and consent to ratification on October 12, 2000.


This document, based entirely on public sources, was prepared for background information and reference purposes. It is intended neither as a complete or comprehensive account of the Global Coalition Against Terrorism, nor as an official expression of U.S. policy. Please email questions or comments to

Office of the Historian
Bureau of Public Affairs
U.S. Department of State
November 6, 2001