MAJOR MULTILATERAL TERRORISM CONVENTIONS
There are nine major multilateral conventions related to states' responsibilities for combating terrorism. The United States is a party to all of these. The conventions are listed below.
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the
Safety of Maritime Navigation, with Related Protocol (3/88).
It applies to terrorist attacks on ships and on fixed offshore platforms.
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation (2/88). This extends and supplements Montreal Convention on air safety.
International Convention Against the Taking of Hostages (12/79).
Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
The convention combats unlawful taking and use of nuclear material.
Convention on the prevention and punishment of crimes against
internationally protected persons (12/73).
This agreement protects senior government officials and diplomats.
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the
Safety of Civil Aviation
(Montreal Convention)( 9/71).
It applies to acts of aviation sabotage such as bombings aboard aircraft in flight.
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft (Hague Convention) (12/70).
This applies to hijackings.
Convention on Offenses and Certain Other Acts Committed On Board Aircraft
(Tokyo Convention) (9/63).
It applies to acts affecting in-flight safety.