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   9       German tribal chief Armenius in Teutoberg Forest
           massacres three Roman legions (about 20,000)

43-85 Rome goes after Britain

50 Front and rear grid sights used on Chinese crossbows -- greatly improved accuracy

64 1st persecution of Christians in Roman Empire

66-70 Jewish-Roman War

70 Jerusalem destroyed

74 Fall of Masada (Jews) to Rome

100 Repeating crossbow in China

117 Roman Empire to the max with Emperor Trajan's successful campaigns

122 Romans begin Hadrian's Wall

132-135 Jewish revolt against Rome

139-142 Roman campaign in Britain/ Antonine Wall

162-166 Parthian War (with Rome)

166-175 First German War (with Rome)

177-180 Second German War (with Rome)

178 Chinese use "tear gas" (lime smoke) to suppress peasant revolt

193-197 Roman civil war

208-211 Roman campaigns in Britain

235-284 "The Anarchy" Roman civil war

260 Alamanni move into Alvergne country

260 Franks move into Spain

260 Goths cross Danube in large numbers

298 Defeat of Persians by Rome

302 Chinese pottery pictures depict metal stirrup in use on horses. They may have been in use for a century or more, perhaps from origins with the horse-centric people of the steppes.

303-313 Widespread persecution of Christians

306-337 Constantine era in Roman world

312 Milvian Bridge (first false teeth?), outside Rome's city walls, collapses as Maxentius and his troops retreat across it toward the safety of the walls. Max and his armored cavalry drown. Constantine is victor and accepted as emperor of the Western Empire. He said it was "divine inspiration" from his new faith in the Christian God.

324-337 Constantine rules all of Roman world

326-330 Constantine moves capital to Constantinople

351 Battle of Mursa (Roman)

363 Julian (Roman) invades Persia

392-395 Christianity is sole official religion of the Roman Empire

406 Collapse of Rome's Rhine Frontier

410 Rome sacked by Visigoths

410-442 Roman occupation of England ends

429 Vandals invade Africa

439 Vandals take Carthage

450 England begins being invaded big time by Saxons, Angles, and Jutes

455 Rome sacked by Vandals

476 End of Western Roman Empire

481-511 Clovis is King of Franks

493-526 Theodoric, Ostrogoth, is King of northern Italy

568-774 Lombards rule northern Italy

568 Avars (from the East) invade Hungary, bringing to Europe the trace harness and stirrup. The harness made it through Europe as far as Ireland by the 8th century. It increased the pulling capacity of horses by a factor of 6 or more.

570-632 Mohammed

624-982 Muslim conquests

630 Mohammed takes Mecca

632 Mohammed dies, after unifying most of Arabia

632-644 Moslems capture Syria, Palestine, and Egypt

673-678 Moslems turned back from Constantinople

698 Carthage falls to Moslems

708 Berbers fall to Moslems

711-713 Moslems take Spain from Visigoths

717-718 Moslems turned back from Constantinople, again

732 Battle of Tours, stops Moslem expansion into France

750 Large winch-armed multi-arrow Chinese crossbow with range of 1160 yards, hand-held 500 yds, horseback 330

768-804 Campaigns of Charlemagne

771-814 Charlemagne is King of Franks

772-803 Charlemagne wars against Saxons

774 Charlemagne defeats Lombards

777 Charlemagne roams around Spain

787 Charlemagne takes Bavaria

800-1453 High Middle Ages (between Dark Ages and Renaissance)

800-814 Charlemagne is Emperor of Romans

827 Moslems invade Sicily

829 Egbert unites seven Saxon kingdoms

843 Treaty of Verdun breaks up Charlemagne's Empire

862 Norse take part of Russia

865-879 Great Viking Army in England

871-900 Alfred the Great ruler of England

885 Vikings besiege Paris, but have no fashion sense

896 Magyar invasions into eastern Europe

900-1300 Europe dominated by feudalism

900 Paper money used by merchants in Szechuan, China

962 Otto I is crowned Emperor of Holy Roman Empire

1000 Leif Erickson sails to America

1017-1042 Normans take Sicily and southern Italy

1023 First governmental currency reserve bank, in China, with notice on the money stating it was only good for 3 years (carrying expiration dates a little far, aren't we) -- counterfeiting carried the death penalty. First Western paper money issued in Sweden in 1661, America in 1690, France in 1720, England in 1797, and Germany in 1806 -- though Marco Polo wrote of it in 1270's.

1042-1066 Edward the Confessor ruler of England

1044 Gasoline-based flamethrowers common in China (generating a lot of stir-fried enemies). Also in use are exploding arrows and aerial bombs, primarily to stun the enemy and cause confusion

1054 Eastern and Western Churches split

1056-1106 Henry IV rules Germany, is at odds with Pope

1066 Battle of Hastings

1066 Norman conquest of England begins with Battle of Hastings

1072-1090 Christians expel Moors from most of Spain

1077 Henry IV submits to Pope Gregory VII

1078 Jerusalem falls to Seljuk Turks

1096-1102 First Crusade

1099 Jerusalem falls to crusaders (1st Crusade)

1100 Crossbows common in Europe, range 300 meters

1139 Pope Innocent II forbids use of crossbows against Christians

1147-1149 Second Crusade

1150 Chinese publication describes how to make your own rocket-powered bowless arrow, covered in poison, fired from a single tube or launcher box

1154-1214 Angevin-Capetian Wars

1160 Welsh longbow has range of 250 meters, more accurate than crossbow, and with four times the rate of fire

1182-1226 St. Francis of Assisi

1184 Paved streets in Paris

1187 Battle of Hattin (2nd Crusade)

1189-1192 Third Crusade

1190-1402 Mongol Wars

1191 Battle of Arsuf (3rd Crusade)

1202-1204 Fourth Crusade

1204 Sack of Constantinople, a Christian city, by the Christian crusaders (4th Crusade)

1206-1227 Genghis Khan on the prowl

1209 Cambridge University founded

1212-1250 Frederick II is ruler of Germany and Sicily

1215 Magna Carta signed

1215 Peking taken by Mongols

1216-1272 Henry III rules England

1218-1221 Fifth Crusade

1220-1250 Frederick II rules Holy Roman Empire

1221 Cast iron bombshells in China (1467 in Europe)

1225-1274 Thomas Aquinas

1228-1229 Sixth Crusade

1237-1240 Mongols conquer Russia

1238-1241 Mongol invasion of Europe

1242 Roger Bacon works on gunpowder formula

1248-1254 Seventh Crusade

1250-1517 Mameluke Dynasty in Egypt

1258 Bagdad sacked by Mongols, overthrowing Abbasid Dynasty

1260 Mongol emperors in China distrusted native Chinese and developed civil service of Mongols, Arabs, and Europeans (greatly aided tech transfer to West)

1266 Opus Maius of Roger Bacon

1266 Polo bros. sans Marco take first trip to Cathay

1266 Pope Clement IV requests copy of Roger Bacon's manuscript (but he took the final exam on his own)

1270 Eighth Crusade

1271-1295 Marco Polo expeditions

1273-1291 Rudolf is first Hapsburg Emperor

1276 Colored signal flares used to signal troops in China

1277 Powerful exploding land mines used in China (appeared in Europe in Pisa-Florence war of 1403)

1250-1280 First true guns in China (in Europe by 1320's)

1291 First Swiss Confederation

1293 Paper manufactured in Bologna

1295 Model Parliament in England

1298 Hanseatic League started

1300-1500 Venice dominates commerce of Western world

1302 First meeting of Estates General in France

1304-1374 Petrarch lives

1320 Four-stage anti-ship rockets used in China, with range up to 1800 yards, designed to fly 3 to 4 feet above the water

1326 1st illustration of cannon in the West

1337-1453 Hundred Years' War between France and England

1339 Battle of Laupen, Swiss infantry defeated mounted knights, using Macedonian style phalanx, with 18 ft pikes

1340 Battle of Sluys (Hundred Years' War)

1340-1400 Geoffrey Chaucer

1346 Battle of Crecy (Hundred Years' War) demonstrates cavalry's vulnerability to long-range longbow

1346 English use cannon at Crecy

1348-1349 The Black Death

1350-1355 Economic war between Genoa and Venice

1350 Steel crossbows common in Europe

1353 Ottoman Turks cross Dardanelles to the Balkans

1356 Battle of Poitiers (Hundred Years' War)

1364 Battle of Perugia, handheld firearms

1375 Firearms common in Europe

1380 Wycliffe's translation of New Testament

1381 Peasants' Revolt in England

1386 Unification of Lithuania and Poland

1388 1st Urban Sanitary Act by English Parliament

1389 Battle of Kossovo

1390 Heavy smoothbore German gun, arquebus, needs stand to hold it while firing, uses slow burning cord for ignition

1397 Unification of Denmark and Norway

1410 Canister artillery rounds

1411 Simple matchlock

1412 Use of sea mines declassified and talked about freely in China

1415 Oct 26, Battle of Agincourt

1438 Hapsburgs return at top as Holy Roman Emperors

1453 Constantinople falls to Ottoman Turks

1453 Final defeat of Byzantines by Ottoman armies (using cannon extensively)

1455-1485 War of the Roses

1476-1477 Swiss-Burgundian Wars

1477 Caxton's printing press set up in England

1490 First true field artillery, French mount bronze cannon on carriages

1492 Granada falls, the last Moslem stronghold in Spain

1492 Lorenzo de Medici dies

1493-1519 Maximillian heads Holy Roman Empire

1500 Grenades first used, limited effect

1500 Leonardo da Vinci sketches wheellock mechanism

1503 Battle of Cerignola, handheld firearms have impact

1504 "Mona Lisa" by Leonardo da Vinci

1508 Michelangelo does the Sistine Chapel

1509 Henry VIII of England marries Catherine of Aragon

1513 The Prince written by Machiavelli (not published until 1532)

1515 "Sister Madonna" by Raphael

1517 Luther posts Ninety-Five Theses

1518 Wheellocks banned within Holy Roman Empire

1519 Cortez enters Mexico City

1519-1522 Magellan's ship goes around the world

1520 Luther burns Papal Bull

1520-1566 Suleiman the Magnificent rules from Bagdad to Hungary

1525 Tyndale translates New Testament into English

1526 Suleiman the Magnificent defeats Hungarians

1527 German troops pillage Rome

1529 Ottoman conquest of Europe stopped at Vienna

1531-1537 Pizarro defeats Incas

1533 Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn

1534-1535 Jacques Cartier in America

1536 Anne Boleyn divorced, executed, causing break with Papacy

1536-1539 Henry VIII seizes monasteries in England

1540 Cartier sails up St. Lawrence

1540 Pistols

1543 Portuguese take matchlock guns to Japan

1545 Council of Trent opened

1547 Henry VIII dies

1547 Ivan III heads up Russia

1549 First Jesuit missionaries to South America

1550 Rifling in some guns

1550 Chinese mortars fire shells which explode to cover ground with poison-covered sharp metal objects

1554 England reconciles with Papacy

1562-1598 English religious wars

1567-1648 Netherlands War of Independence

1570 Heavy muskets popular (with a rest)

1571 Sea battle of Lepanto, Christians defeat Turks, marks supplanting of oared galleys by heavily gunned galleons

1577-1580 Drake circumnavigates globe

1580 Kepler and Brahe publish astronomical tables

1587 Execution of Mary Stuart

1588 Spanish Armada suffers ill wind

1603 Dutch East India Company organized

1605 Don Quixote, Part 1, printed

1607 Galileo discovers satellites of Jupiter

1607 Jamestown

1608 Quebec founded

1610 True flintlocks

1611 King James Bible published

1618-1648 Thirty Years' War

1620 During Thirty Years' War, Gustavus Adolphus standardizes manufacture and size (millimeter caliber) of rifles and shot, and cannon and shot; and standard efficient artillery firing procedures

1620 Gustavus Adolphus (Sweden) uses light, leather-bound cannon

1624-1627 Richelieu controls France (he dies in 1648)

1630-1631 Battle of Magdeburg (Thirty Years' War)

1632 Battle of Luetzen (Thirty Years' War)

1635 Peace of Prague

1637 Japan excludes foreigners

1640 Bayonet in use

1640 Portugal wins independence from Spain

1642-1646 First English Civil War (Great Rebellion), also called Bishops' War, with Charles I and the Scots versus Parliament and their backers

1643 French and Swedes attack Bavaria

1644 Battle of Marston Moor (1st English Civil War)

1644 Manchu dynasty in China

1645 Battle of Naseby (1st English Civil War)

1648 Peace of Westphalia recognizes Holland's independence from Spain (de facto since 1609)

1648-1651 Second English Civil War, continuation of fighting for power by Charles I (1648) and Charles II later

1649 Liquidation of Russian Duma

1649 Monarchy abolished in England and Commonwealth established

1651 English Navigation Act

1651 Leviathon written by Hobbes

1652 Anglo-Dutch Naval War

1654 Portuguese take Brazil from Dutch

1655-1658 Military rule in England, with Cromwell in charge

1664 English push Dutch from North America

1666 French Academy of Science founded

1667 Russia takes most of Ukraine

1670 French "Organ gun" machine gun, rows of barrels

1682 La Salle claims Louisiana Territory for France

1682 Pennsylvania founded

1687 Principia written by Newton

1688 "The Glorious Revolution" overthrow of Catholic James II, by his daughter Mary II and her Dutch Protestant husband William III. In 1689 the joint sovereigns (Bill and Mary) acquiesced to a Bill of Rights, opening way for constitutional monarchy

1688-1697 War of the League of Augsburg

1689 Peter I, Tsar of Russia

1689-1692 War of the Glorious Revolution

1689 Battle of Londonderry (War of the Glorious Revolution)

1690 Treatises on Government written by Locke

1699 English factory in Canton

1700-1721 Great Northern War

1700s Hand grenade appears widely

1701-1714 War of Spanish Succession

1709 Battle of Pultava (Great Northern War)

1713-1714 Peace of Utrecht

1715 Louis XIV (Fr.) dies

1717 Well-Tempered Clavichord by Bach

1720 Texas under Spanish rule

1721 Walpole is Prime Minister of England

1732 Georgia founded

1733 War of Polish Succession

1738 Methodism founded

1740 Maria Theresa is Empress

1740 Frederick the Great (Prussia) introduced mobile, horse artillery (no, horses not fired from guns)

1740-1748 War of Austrian Succession

1741 Messiah by Handel

1746 Battle of Culloden, appearance of fluted bayonet

1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle

1751 French publish Encyclopedia

1755 University of Moscow founded

1756-1763 Seven Years' War

1760 French ousted from India

1760 George III is King of England

1762 Catherine II is Tsarina of Russia

1762 The Social Contract written by Rousseau

1763 Treaty of Paris

1764 Hargreave's spinning jenny

1768 Cook's voyage to Pacific

1769 Watt's steam engine

1772 First Partition (aka shrinking) of Poland

1774 First Continental Congress

1775-1783 American Revolution

1775 Battle of Bunker Hill (Amer. Rev.)

1775 Rifles improved in American Revolution

1775 David Bushnell (Amer.) demos dynamite explosion underwater

1776 Bushnell builds one-man sub called Turtle

1776 American Declaration of Independence

1776 Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, by Gibbon

1776 Wealth of Nations, by Smith

1778 French Alliance with America

1781 The Critique of Pure Reason, by Kant

1781 Yorktown surrenders

1782 Rockets by William Congreve (Brit.) used in sea battles, range 2,000 meters, inaccurate/little damage

1783 Peace of Paris

1784 Mid-air bursting shell, by Lieutenant Henry Shrapnel

1785 Cartwright's power loom

1786 The Marriage of Figaro, by Mozart

1786-1798 Wars in India

1789 French Revolution

1791 Canadian Act

1792 Austria and Prussia fight France

1792 Battery, by Alessandro Volta

1792-1802 French Revolution

1793 "Reign of Terror" in France

1793 Execution of Louis XVI

1793 Second Partition (aka shrinking) of Poland

1793 Whitney's cotton gin

1794 French tethered balloon provided intel about Austrians at Battle of Fleurus

1795 Directory (France)

1795 Napoleon given command of French army

1795 Third Partition (aka shrinking) of Poland

1796 Death of Catherine II

1798 Napoleon in Egypt

1799 Napoleon is First Consul

1799 Rosetta stone discovered, spurring Egyptology

1803 Louisiana Purchase

1803-1815 Napoleonic Wars

1804 Civil Code in France

1804 Napoleon is Emperor

1805 Battle of Trafalgar

1805 Percussion cap developed by Reverend Alexander Forsyth

1806 Battle of Jena

1806 Confederation of the Rhine

1807 British slave trade illegal

1807 Fulton's steamboat

1807 Percussion ignition patented (Dr. Forsyth)

1808 5th Symphony, by Beethoven

1812 Battle of Leipzig

1812 Cartridge breech-loader patented (Pauly)

1812-1815 War of 1812 (US-Brit)

1815 Congress of Vienna

1815 Waterloo

1819 Britain acquires Singapore

1819 Krupp Co. founded

1820 Italian revolts

1820 Revolt in Spain

1822 Modern camera, recording on glass plates

1823 Monroe Doctrine

1825 Erie Canal

1825 Russian Decembrist uprising

1825 Aluminum first isolated, by Hans Oersted

1828 Russo-Turkish War

1830 French Revolution

1833 British Factory Act

1833 Slavery ends in British Empire

1835 Colt patents his first revolver

1837 Queen Victoria

1839 Anglo-Chinese War

1839 Belgium and Holland separate

1840 Livingstone to Africa

1840 Prussians use needle gun

1843 US develops a controlled mine (not mind)

1845 Texas in Union

1846-1848 US-Mexican War

1847 Battle of Vera Cruz (US-Mexican War)

1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

1849 Minie ball bullet developed

1849 Austrians tried to use unmanned balloons to drop bombs on Venetians, paper balloons with 30 pound fused bombs, little damage done

1850 Minie rifles begin replacing smoothbore muskets

1850 Screw propeller for ships

1852 Henri Giffard (Fr.) flew propeller powered balloon with 3 h.p. engine

1853 Taiping Rebellion

1853-1856 Crimean War

1854 Battle of Balaclava (Crimean War)

1854 Battle of Sebastopol (Crimean War)

1854 In Crimean, 1st use of rifled, breech-loading cannon by British

1854 Perry, treaty with Japan

1855 French introduce iron plating on wooden ship hulls

1857-1858 Indian Mutiny

1858 French go with rifled artillery

1858 Second Anglo-Chinese War

1858 Aerial photos, from balloon, by Gaston Tournachon

1859 First armored ship, frigate La Gloire (Fr.) with 110 mm iron plates

1859 Lead-acid battery developed by Gaston Plante'

1859-1870 Unification of Italy

1860 British H.M.S. Warrior, first iron-hulled (not plated) warship

1860 Nitro-cellulose (gun-cotton) explosive developed by Christian Schoenbein

1861-1865 American Civil War

1861 Battle of Ft Sumter (US Civil War)

1861 Battle of First Bull Run (US Civil War)

1861 Emancipation of Russian serfs

1861 Kingdom of Italy proclaimed

1862 Battle of Antietam (US Civil War)

1862 Battle of Second Bull Run (US Civil War)

1862 Battle of Shiloh (US Civil War)

1862 Bismarck is Prussian Minister/Pres.

1862 Chemically triggered contact mines developed

1862 Gatling gun

1862 Merrimac and Monitor, end of wooden men-of-war

1863 Battle of Chancellorsville (US Civil War)

1863 Battle of Chickamauga (US Civil War)

1863 Battle of Gettysburg (US Civil War)

1863 Battle of Vicksburg (US Civil War)

1864 Danish War

1864-1865 Battle of Petersburg (US Civil War)

1866 Austro-Prussian War

1866 Self-propelled torpedoes introduced

1867 Alaska purchased

1867 Dominion of Canada declared

1869 Suez Canal opened

1870 Compulsory education in Britain

1870 Franco-German War

1870 French use mitrailleuse, 25-barrel machine gun, 125 rds/min, 2000 yds

1870 Italy takes Rome

1870 Modern firing pin introduced in Prussian Dreyse "needle gun"

1870 During seige of Paris, Krupp Co. developed 37mm antiaircraft gun to try to shoot down French balloons

1870-71 French free-flight balloons, from Paris, carried microfilm messages and homing pigeons for replies

1871 Franco-Prussian War, breech-loading rifle standard in Europe

1871 German Empire declared

1871 Third French Republic

1873 Economic Depression

1874 Barbed wire machine developed by Joseph Glidden (Amer.)

1875 British control Suez Canal

1875 Smokeless ballistite by Alfred Nobel

1875 Spool film (100 exposure), by Leon Warnerke

1876 Telephone, by Bell

1877 French develop timed fuses for artillery shells

1877 Russo-Turkish War

1877 Victoria declared Empress of India

1878 Treaty of Berlin

1879 Austro-German Alliance

1879 Electric lamp, by Edison

1879 16' submarine, by John Philip Holland, Irish-American schoolteacher

1880-1881 First Boer War

1880s Guns as big as 75 tons, firing 1-ton shell 16,000 meters

1881 Tsar Alexander II assassinated

1882 Triple Alliance formed

1882-1889 British Egyptian and Sudan Campaigns

1883 Fabian Society founded

1883 Maxim patents machine gun

1884 Smokeless powder developed by French (just a pinch between cheek and gum?), more stable and potent than black powder

1884 Steam turbine developed

1886 French develop smokeless powder cartridges

1888 Konrad Haussner develops long-recoil hydraulic cylinders which help stabilize artillery, increase rate of fire and accuracy

1888 William II is German Emperor

1889 Brazil is a Republic

1890 Bismarck resigns

1890 Hiram Maxim's portable machine gun, 600 rds/min

1890 The Influence of Seapower Upon History, by Mahan

1891 British synthesize cordite, new shell explosive

1893 Evolution and Ethics, by Huxley

1894 Franco-Russian Alliance

1894 Sino-Japanese War

1894 Tsar Nicholas II ascends

1895 Gyroscope

1895 X-rays discovered

1897 First Zionist Conference

1898 Russian Social Democratic Party formed

1898 Spanish-American War

1899 "The White Man's Burden," by Kipling

1899 Boer War

1899 Boer War sees use of Maxim's "pom-pom," first automated cannon

1899 Hague Conference

1899-1902 Second Boer War

1900 Hiram Maxim develops portable machine gun capable of 600 rds/min

1900 Frederick Simms (British) develops armored "war car"

1900 LZ1 rigid airship by Colonel Count von Zeppelin (Ger.)

1900 Labour Party founded in Britain

1900 About 80 percent of world's ships built by British

1901 Transatlantic wireless

1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance

1903 1st sustained flight by Wright brothers

1903 Bolshevik Party started

1904 Anglo-French Entente

1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War

1905 Einstein's theory of relativity

1905 Moroccan Crisis

1905 Russian Revolution

1905 USS Holland advanced submarine design

1906 Duma in Russia

1906 H.M.S. Dreadnought launched, 17,900 tons, 527'x 82', ten 12" guns, 27 ea. 12 lb guns, 5 ea. 18" torpedoes, 21 kts, 23,000 hp

1907 Triple Entente

1908 "Young Turk" Revolution

1908 Bosnian Crisis

1909 First warplane delivered to US military

1910 Eugene Eli (Amer.) flew airplane off navy cruiser

1910 Japan annexes Korea

1911 Aircraft landed on a ship

1911 Chinese revolution

1911 Glen Curtis produced first seaplane

1911-1912 Turko-Italian War, in Libya, first military use of aircraft in war, and Italians first to drop bombs from a plane in combat

1912 First catapult launch of aircraft from a ship

1912 Royal Flying Corps becomes first official air force

1912-1913 Balkan Wars

1914 Adoption of Home Rule (Br.)

1914-1918 World War I

1914 Battle of First Ypres (WW I)

1914 Battle of Marne (WW I)

1914 Battle of Mons (WW I)

1914 Battle of Tannenberg (WW I)

1914 French formed first Bomber Group, in November

1914 Panama Canal finished

1915 Battle of Neuve Chapelle (WW I)

1915 Battle of Second Ypres (WW I)

1915 Poison gas in canisters ushers in chemical warfare

1915 Fighter aircraft with fixed forward-firing machine guns

1915 British use depth charges, but only effective if within 21 feet of the targeted submarine

1916 Battle of Jutland (WW I)

1916 Battle of Somme (WW I)

1916 Battle of Verdun (WW I)

1916 Irish Easter Rebellion

1916 William Boeing builds his first plane

1917 Battle of Cambrai (WW I), first massed tank attack, 476+ tanks

1917 Battle of Caporetto (WW I)

1917 Battle of Passchendaele (Third Ypres) (WW I)

1917 US joins WW I

1917-1918 Tsar Nicholas II descends

1918 Battle of Amiens (WW I)

1918 Battle of Belleau Wood (WW I)

1918 Battle of Megiddo (WW I)

1918 Battle of Meuse-Argonne (WW I)

1918 Battle of Saint-Mihiel (WW I)

1918 Royal Air Force formed, combining Royal Naval Air Service and Royal Flying Corps

1918 First true aircraft carrier, HMS Argus (not used in WW I)

1919 Paris Peace Treaty

1919 In Afghan Wars, British use aircraft and armored cars

1919 Over 200,000 aircraft have been built worldwide

1920 League of Nations formed

1921 Washington Conference

1922 Washington Naval Treaty, constrained building battleships, but left open building of carriers

1922 China Nine Power Treaty

1922 Irish Free State declared

1923 French occupy Ruhr

1923 Lectures in Psychoanalysis, by Freud

1924 Dawes Plan

1924 Lenin dies

1925 Locarno

1927 Chiang Kai-shek unites China

1927 Lindbergh flies Atlantic

1928 First Russian Five Year Plan

1929 Great Depression (not so great)

1929 Papal sovereignty restored

1930 Television (seeds of couch potatoes)

1931 Spanish Republic

1931-1945 Sino-Japanese War

1933 FDR takes office, New Deal begins

1933 Hitler rules Germany

1933 Japan and Germany quit the League

1934 First airborne division, in Russia

1935 Abyssinian War

1935 Russian T-34 tank produced

1935-1937 US Neutrality Acts

1936 Nazis occupy Rhineland

1936 Rome-Berlin Axis

1936-1939 Spanish Civil War

1937 Battle of Guernica (Spanish Civil War)

1937 Sino-Japanese War

1938 Battle of Ebro River (Spanish Civil War)

1938 Czechoslovakia broken up

1938 Germany seizes Autria

1938-1939 Russo-Japanese border clashes

1939 Soviet-Nazi pact

1939-1945 World War II

1940 Churchill is P.M.

1941 Germany invades Russia

1941 Pearl Harbor

1941 Penicillin discovered

1942 Kalishnikov develops AK47 assault rifle prototype

1942 Bazooka developed by Colonel Skinner, US Army

1944 Electronic variable time fuse developed

1945 Operation Paperclip

1945 A-bomb

1945 Germany partitioned

1945 UN

1945-1949 Chinese Civil War

1945-1949 Indonesian War of Independence

1946 Philippines independent

1946-1954 Indo-China War

1947 "Containment" Doctrine

1947 India independent

1947 Marshall Plan

1947 Study of History, by Toynbee

1948 Berlin Airlift

1948 Israel independent

1948 Yugoslavia breaks with Soviets

1949 China goes communist

1949 Ireland breaks from Britain

1949 NATO

1949 Soviets have the bomb

1950 Battle of Inchon (Korean War)

1950-1953 Korean War

1953 Atomic cannon shells

1953 Coal and Steel Community formed

1953 H-bomb

1953 Stalin dies

1954 Battle of Dien Bien Phu (Indo-China War)

1954 SEATO

1954 US-Japanese Alliance

1954 US intervention in Guatemala

1954-1962 Algerian War

1954-1975 Laos Civil War

1955 Austria is independent

1955 Bagdad Pact

1955 Geneva Summit

1955 India-Pakistan War

1955 Warsaw Pact formed

1955 West Germany in NATO

1955-1959 Cyprus

1956 Hungary revolts, gets no help

1956 Macmillan replaces Eden as P.M.

1956 Suez Crisis

1957 Euratom

1957 ICBMs

1957 Sputnik

1958 Boeing 707, 1st successful jetliner

1958 Eur. Econ. Community (Common Market)

1958 Lebanon Civil War

1959-1962 China-India War

1960 Republic of South Africa formed

1960 Soviet manned space flights

1960-1965 Congo Civil War

1961 Bay of Pigs

1961 Berlin Wall goes up

1961-1975 Vietnam War

1962 Albania expelled from Soviet bloc

1962 China invades India

1962 Cuban Missile Crisis

1962 DeGaulle wins election

1962 US manned space flights

1962-1966 Brunei-Borneo confrontation/conflict

1962-1969 Yemen

1963 DeGaulle vetoes British entry into Common Market

1963 Sino-Soviet split

1963 US-UK-USSR Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

1963-1974 Cyprus

1964 Chinese have the bomb, and blow it

1964 Krushchev replaced by Kosygin and Brezhnev

1964-1975 Mozambique War of Independence

1964-1980 Zimbabwe Civil War

1965 C-5A contract awarded

1965 India-Pakistan make bad neighbors

1965-1968 Rolling Thunder bombing offensive (Vietnam)

1967 Arab-Israeli "Six Day" War

1967-1970 Nigerian Civil War

1968 Soviets invade Czechoslovakia

1968 Tet Offensive (Vietnam)

1968-1988 Chad Civil War

1969 Boeing 747 certified airworthy

1972 Linebacker I,II bombing offensives

1973 October "Yom Kipper" Arab-Israeli War

1978-1989 Vietnam Occupation of Cambodia

1980 Caseless ammo gains acceptance

1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War (shades of 2700 B.C.)

1989 December, Berlin Wall opened up

1991 Gulf War

1995-6 Bosnia Conflict

1999 Kosovo Conflict

2001- al-Qaida & War on Terrorism

2003 Operation Iraqi Freedom

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