About the Center
CSAT was established at the Air War College in 1997. Its purpose is to engage in long-term strategic thinking about technology and its implications for U.S. national security.
The Center focuses on education, research, and publications that support the integration of technology into national strategy and policy. Its charter is to support faculty and student research, publish research through books, articles, and occasional papers, fund a regular program of guest speakers, host conferences and symposia on these issues, and engage in collaborative research with U.S. and international academic institutions. As an outside-funded activity, the Center enjoys the support of institutions in the strategic, scientific, and technological worlds.
Under the supervision of the CSAT staff and academic instructors, a select group of Air War College and Air Command and Staff College students research future concepts and technologies by working closely with subject matter experts from the Air Force Research Laboratory, the Defense Research Projects Agency, major universities and businesses, and other government laboratories and agencies. In addition to producing reports, the result is a cadre of officers conversant in critical areas of emerging technologies who ask critical questions and assess systems in directed energy, biotechnology, nanotechnology and cyber technologies and what they mean for the future of the U.S. Air Force.
Research conducted under the auspices of the Center is published as Occasional Papers and disseminated to senior military and political officials, think tanks, educational institutions, and other interested parties. Through these publications, the Center promotes the integration of technology and strategy in support of U.S. national security objectives.
For further information on the Center on Strategy and Technology, please
Colonel Thomas D. "T-Mac" McCarthy, PhD - Director
USAF Center for Strategy and Technology
Air War College
325 Chennault Circle
Montgomery, AL 36112
CSAT Faculty and Staff
- Colonel Thomas D. "T-Mac" McCarthy, PhD — Director
Col McCarthy is the Director of the US Air Force Center for Strategy and Technology (including Project Blue Horizons) at Maxwell AFB, AL. He previously was Deputy Chair and a professor in the department of International Security Studies at Air War College. He also served as the Director of the Air War College Culture & Language Program. Col McCarthy joined the Air War College Faculty in 2011 and holds a Ph.D. from The Fletcher School, Tufts University. His non-flying assignments include: AFIT PhD candidate at Tufts University, Military Aide to the President, Skunk works (A5XS) on the Air Staff, SAASS, and OSD office of the Deputy Secretary of Defense. Col McCarthy's operational background includes special operations and rescue flying of MH-53 and HH-3E aircraft performing combat operations in: Bosnia, Kosovo, Africa, Operation Southern Watch, and Afghanistan as well as Partnership for Peace operations in Europe. Research interests include cyber domain theory, national security strategy, global security challenges, non-state armed groups, and strategic non-violence.
- Harry A. Foster — Deputy Director
Mr Foster is Deputy Director of the USAF Center for Strategy and Technology at Air University where he leads research into future technologies and their implications for OSD and Air Force strategy. A member of the Grand Strategy Program faculty, he is responsible for developing and leading the Warfighting Practicum syllabus designed to expose students to emergent strategic issues and resulting defense challenges. A former Air Force Colonel, Mr Foster flew F-16s, B-2s and B-1s in combat, served on the Air Staff as a CHECKMATE branch chief, and led USCENTCOM’s Combined Air Operations Center Strategy Division. He holds masters degrees from the Harvard Kennedy School, Marine Command and Staff College, the School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, and Air War College.
- Col (ret) Theodore C. Hailes — OSD Chair for Force Transformation
Col Hailes is the OSD Chair for Force Transformation at Air University and a founding member of the USAF Center for Strategy and Technology. In addition to his work in technology, he is also on the faculty of the Air War College teaching courses on National Security Decision Making, International Security Studies, and Regional Studies Field Seminars. He retired from the Air Force in 1996 completing a thirty-year tour. During that time he flew the F-4, 0-2A, F-5 and the F-15. He served in Vietnam as a Forward Air Controller with the 2nd Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, and finished his fighter career as Squadron Commander of the 22TFS and then Director of Operations of the Northeast Air Defense Sector. He served in two staff tours; the Pentagon from 1979-1983 where he worked in International Programs and was Executive Officer for AF/PR (Programs and Resources); and with the Air War College from 1990-1996 where he was a department chairmen then Associate Dean of Faculty. His military educational background includes SOS (Resident - 1972), Air Command and Staff (Seminar - 1981) and Air War College (Resident - 1987). His civilian education includes a BA in History from Denison University and a MS in International Relations from Troy University. His principle areas of interest in the academic world have been in International Relations and the strategic implication of accelerating technological change.
- Dr Grant T. Hammond, PhD — Deputy Director for Global Strike
Dr Hammond is Deputy Director of the USAF Center for Strategy and Technology (CSAT) and Professor of International Security at the Air War College (AWC). The Center does alternative futures studies looking at emerging strategic landscapes and developing technologies15-25 years in the future. Dr. Hammond received his BA from Harvard, and an MA and Ph. D. from the School of Advanced International Studies of the Johns Hopkins University. Prior to coming to the Air War College, Dr. Hammond was Chairman of the International Studies Department at Rhodes College and Executive Officer at the Center for International Affairs at Harvard University. He left CSAT and the AWC in 2007 to be Dean and Deputy Commandant of the NATO Defense College in Rome, Italy until returning in late 2010. Dr. Hammond has written three books—Countertrade Offsets and Barter in International Political Economy (1990, PB 1993); Plowshares into Swords: Arms Races in International Politics, 1840-1991 (1993); and The Mind of War: John Boyd and American Security (2001, reprinted in PB 2004 and 2007)—and authored numerous book chapters, articles and briefings. He has addressed all the US armed services Command and Staff Colleges and War Colleges as well as military and civilian audiences in Belgium, Germany, Italy, Jordan, Morocco, the Netherlands, Romania, Singapore, Sweden, and the UK. Dr. Hammond is currently working on a book on crisis decision making in multiple crises and another on the revolution in security in the 21st century.
- Dr George J. Stein, PhD — Deputy Director for Cyberspace and Information Operations
Dr George J. Stein, is the CSAT Deputy Director for Cyberspace and Information Operations. He writes and teaches courses on information warfare, classic Chinese strategic thought, European security issues, and future strategies. Before joining Air War College in 1991, he was on the faculty of the School of Interdisciplinary Studies, Miami University and Miami's European Center in Luxembourg. Recent publications include: "Learning with Sun Tzu," in: Bosch, J.M.J., H.A.M. Luiijf & A.R. Mollema (eds.), NL Arms: Netherlands Annual Review of Military Studies, (NL: Tilburg University Press, 1999), pp.21-36; "Information Warfare: Words Matter," in: Stocker, G. & C. Schöpf (eds.), InfoWar, (New York & Vienna: Springer, 1998); pp.51-59; US Information Warfare - Jane's Special Report, (VA: Jane's Information Group, 1996); "Information Attack: Information Warfare in 2025," Air University. 2025 Study: Power and Influence, (Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, 1996; pp. 91-115, (White Papers; v. Vol.3, Book1); "Information Warfare," Airpower Journal (Spring 1995); and "Information War - Cyberwar - Netwar," in: Schneider & Grinter (eds.), Battlefield of the Future, (AU Press, 1995). Professor Stein was awarded the Meritorious Civilian Service medal, twice, for his contributions to the USAF Chief-of-Staff's studies Spacecast 2020 and Air Force 2025. He received his M.A. at Penn State and Ph.D. at Indiana University.
- Col Barbara Y. Lee -- Adjunct Faculty for US Air Force Center for Strategy and Technology
Col Lee is Director of Reserve Forces to the Commander and President, Air University and serves as adjunct faculty for the USAF Center for Strategy and Technology and Air War College Total Force Course. She is a Logistics Readiness Officer with experience in development of wartime and contingency planning policy and guidance, systems support for war planning, force generation, mobilization, wargaming, and concept development. Col Lee’s operational and staff experience include multiple short-term tours supporting both combat operations and exercises; the AF Strategic Force Generation Policy Planning & Systems Division (War Dawgs),the AF Concepts and Strategy Division (Skunk Works), the AF Wargaming Division, and the AF Modeling and Simulation Division. Her experience spans Unit, Numbered Air Force, Major Command, and Headquarters Air Force levels. Col Lee holds a Masters in Business Administration from Keller University, a Master of Science in Strategic Intelligence from the National Intelligence University, and a Master of Arts in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College.