Technological innovation has dramatically improved the ability of states to launch “counterforce” attacks. In the coming decades, deterring the use of nuclear weapons during conventional wars will be much harder than most analysts believe.
The US integrationist and the Chinese coexistence programs of international order give rise to an international system characterized by a proliferation of loose strategic partnerships and ad hoc collaboration, the absence of permanent conflict resolution mechanisms, and competing programs for maintaining international peace and stability.
Extremist and terrorist groups are now exploiting the new media and youth culture as powerful recruitment tools to communicate their views and incite violence.
The logic of deterrence and the balance of intraalliance influence point toward fewer weapons assigned to NATO, in particular, to removal of residual US nonstrategic nuclear warheads from bases overseas.
As cyberspace continues to evolve, the great powers will inevitably use their collective powers to transform it into a legitimate, durable, and relatively peaceful realm of activity.
The United States cannot achieve energy security through biofuels, and even the attempt is ironically achieving effects contrary to “clean” and “green” environmental goals and actively threatening global security.
The Department of Defense invests in various energy supplies and technologies to advance military missions and improve defense capabilities.
This paper does not have any analysis of critical issues of energy systems including petroleum systems and biofuel systems.