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Joint Psychological OperationsBack to Top

  • JP 3-53, Doctrine for Joint Psychological Operations

  • DoD Directive S-3321.1, "Overt Psychological Operations Conducted by the Military Services in Peacetime and in Contingencies Short of Declared War"

  • Pentagon Funds Diplomacy Effort Contracts Aim to Improve Foreign Opinion of United States, by Merle, Washington Post, 11 June 2005
    • The Pentagon awarded three contracts this week, potentially worth up to $300 million over five years, to companies it hopes will inject more creativity into its psychological operations efforts to improve foreign public opinion about the United States, particularly the military.
    • "We would like to be able to use cutting-edge types of media," said Col. James A. Treadwell, director of the Joint Psychological Operations Support Element, a part of Tampa-based U.S. Special Operations Command. "If you want to influence someone, you have to touch their emotions."
    • He said SYColeman Inc. of Arlington, Lincoln Group of the District, and Science Applications International Corp. will help develop ideas and prototypes for radio and television spots, documentaries, or even text messages, pop-up ads on the Internet, podcasting, billboards or novelty items.
    • "What's changing is the realization that in this so-called war on terrorism, this is not a force multiplier; this might be the thing that wins the whole thing for you," said Dan Kuehl, a specialist in information warfare at the National Defense University. "This gets to the importance of the war of ideas. There are a billion-plus Muslims that are undecided. How do we move them over to being more supportive of us? If we can do that, we can make progress and improve security."

Army Psychological OperationsBack to Top Navy & Marine Psychological OperationsBack to Top Air Force Psychological OperationsBack to Top
  • AFDD 2-5.2 Psychological Operations

ReportsBack to Top BooksBack to Top Research PapersBack to Top
  • Modeling and Analysis of Resolve and Morale for the 'Long War' by Artelli, AFIT paper, Dec 2007

  • The Real Pain of Dread, by Singer, in MIT Technology Review, 18 May 2006 - "According to brain-imaging studies, the anticipation of pain can be just as agonizing as the experience of it."
    • For some people, waiting for a particularly unpleasant event, such as a colonoscopy or root canal, can be just as awful as the event itself, according to a new study on the neurobiology of dread, published in the journal Science.
    • In a somewhat surprising finding, the researchers discovered that dread was neurologically distinct from both fear and anxiety. An area of the brain known as the amygdala, which plays a key role in regulating emotions such as fear, was not more active in extreme dreaders.
    • The findings could help in the understanding of how people make decisions. Many choices involve a waiting period -- playing the stock market, for example, often requires waiting years to get returns.

  • Evaluation of Cross-Cultural Models for Psychological Operations: Test of a Decision Modeling Approach (local copy, 4 Mb), USAF Research Lab, June 2001

  • The Evolution of Strategic Influence (local copy), by Gough, strategic research project for US Army War College, 2003
    • "This paper will examine the evolution of how the U.S. Government and the Department of Defense have organized to conduct strategic influence as an instrument of national power, from the Psychological Warfare Division of World War II, through the Psychological Strategy Board and Operations Coordinating Board of the early Cold War, through the Vietnam years to today. Are they organized effectively today to meet the asymmetric threats of the 21st Century?"

  • War.COM: the Internet and Psychological Operations (local copy), by Lungu, 2001 paper for Naval War College

  • Planning for Psychological Operations: A Proposal, by Cox, ACSC paper, 1997
    • Appendex A - Message Flow
    • Appendex B - The Trinity Target Audience
    • Appendex C - Target Audience Composition
    • Appendex D - Action-Influence Model (AIM)

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